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yOL X.THIED SERIES
BALlbBUHY. . .U..-U.jt.JUU VJ&ldJJlSli ,12,1870. : , TA;.r;l'-'
HOW CALICOES ARE MADE.
Thc editor of the New England Farmer
rives the following interesting uescnpiiou
f ,is viit to SoutUbridge, Mass., and the
Jlamilton Woolen Company at that place:
Southbridge is a very enterprising
towu of nearly six thousand -inhabitant,
the majority of whom arc engaged in some
form of manufacturing. The Quiunebaug
Kirer, passing through the town, affords
excellent water power, which is fully util
jd. Steam power is also nsed to a large
te'Dt in several of the leading establish -
: ? .nts We were aware that our compau-
IJUCU T ...1
i'ion bad used the mtinenceoi iuh uuumu
I r Inxrr tilllP! Ill trviiiff to instill into
the minds of his readers advanced ideas
ii... l.vime nnt ani ornaihent-
concernuig m -
tion of highways, and both public and
private grounds, but we were hardly pre
paml to find in one of tTie ceutral portions
of the village quite a long row of tine res
idences on either side of the street, entire-
y-unprotected by hedge or fence along
the Hue of the street, nor do we otteu
rmd a pleaaanter street auywliere in our
II 1! J.
travels. The residences are reany uri
class, are set back at such a distance from
the street as to escape much of the dust
i fl.- l-gTt lfivviia in
anu noise, iinu iiitc utitnj ""l-"
front, which are separated fionrthe street
lv a light stone curbing, which simply
defines the line where private 'property
and the public thoroughfare meet, No
hedge rows of brush or briers, no prison
yard palings, obstruct the view or deface
the beauty of the landscajK. One needs
It to wituess such1 models-of perfection
in dooryard surroundings to fall in loveJ
ith them on the spot, and well will it be
when more of our village journals enlist
iu the work of cultivating au improved
taste iu this direction.
THE CAM CO WOKKg. 1
After dividing the night far too equally
between the requirements of nature and
the demands of the printer, the following
beautiful morning found us in a mood for
a visit to the great calico and delaine
dinting works of the Hamilton Woolen
Company, a corporation with an assessed
valuatiou equal to nWit one-third of the
whole town, and giving employment to a
very large portion of the resideut popula-
iou. , Obtaiuiug a permit from the otlico
uid an introduction to Mr. Whitaker, su-
Mtriuteudent of the-printiug department,
we .were shown 'tiirouiru acres 01 uhck
)ii i Mi 118 used for cairyiiigon the various
irocesses required in changing plain, un
bleached cotton and woolen cloth into
beautiful and. attractive dress goods.
First, we were shown through theengrav-
departmeut, where tons and tonsif
topper-rollers are being engraved both by
hand and by machinery, and fitted for
impression to the tin-
inlied T(mm1s. The rollers are about three
feet -long, aiid, when new, some six inches
r niofe. in diameter, but as tho fashions
the figures aru turned off, the
rollers growing a trine smaller at every
change in the designs.
Iu the" designing or pattern f rooms are
machines of the nicest workmanship for
ulargHig and transferring designs from
paper to the copper rollers,-requiring a
Iiiu degree of skill iu the attendants,
who are chiefly girls, and, who make
wages. Indeed, skill aud faithfulness are
well paid for almost anywhere, iu any de
partment of industry. Jast how many
names are upon the pay roll of the com
pauy wo did not learn, but the number
isvery large, and tho rauge of wages ve
ry wide. Men and boys standi here with
their hand and feet in river water, pulU
ing strips of cloth from one tub or vat
into another, er simply watching aud at
tending the machines which do most of
thswork, from rnoruiug till night, for
age which do not allow of many luxu
ries, nor should they be spent for foolish
vices, though we notice that in too many
cases thevice8, as drinking and smoking,
re first provided or.
Skilled workmau, especially those who
ran the printing machines, are well paid,
the present rates leing from twenty-five
t thirty dollars per week ; but the work
of the most difficult aud perplexing char
acter, except to the most skillful and long
trained mechanics. Five years is the
liortest time allowed for learning to run
one of these machiues, and many would
ail to learn iu a lifetime, so nice and dif-
nculfjs the work.
Let the reader imagine a collection of
east iron, copper, and steel, in the form
wi pulleys, shafting, cog wheels, and roll
ers, making a machine as large as a small
corn crib, every part being o nicelv ar
ranged that, although the cloth to le
Printed passes alternately under the pres
sarQ of as many as eight or n different
copper rollers, each of which revolves
wantiy m a tray of thick coloring
UflUOr. anil to! Mi nn f u .
uowers, and trailing vines almost as com
plicated and various ih design as are the
combinations in natuU'a field, yet each
little touch of color comes to its exact po
sition in the figure, with all thejegulari
ty and precision of the nicest clock-work,
nd at a rate of speed that will change
dean white cloth to the most beautiful
tvls of prints, nearly or quite as fast as
a horse will walk.
The coloring department is also a place
f much interest, especially to a chemis',
for every shade of color may here be found,
"uapieu either to cotton or woleu fabrics
for different materials are i equired for dif-
fere nt classes of goods. The cotton prints
are, many of themcolored vrith dyea
which require exposure to the air or to
certain liquids, inOrder to bring out their
No one visiting print works will fai4
look iuto the singeing room, whero the
fine, loose fibers of cotton and wool ad
hering loosely to the clotU are burned off
by passing the web through a flame of
burning gas, then over red hot iron roll-
ers, from which the sparks fly off as from
a blacksmith's forge. . It is claimed that
the cloth is not injured, and yet we all
know that plain, unbleached cotton cloth
"grows no stronger or more durable from
the many processes it passes through be
twecu the loom, the bleachery, the dy
house, the printing and finishing rooms.
Every operation gives It a pull or a twist,
which only anticipates the pulling and
twisting it will receive at the bands of the
wearer, and yet calico, reps, and delaines
are in better demand and bring higher
prices than plain, brown sheeting, for the
simple reason that man admires the beau
tiful aud willingly spends- his time, a por-
toin efit at least, in adding beauty to
utility. And it would almost seem that
our faculty of discovering beauty in form
and color was given us that we might
thus innocently use what would other
wise be idle and wasted time, for were the
effoits of mankind directed wholly to the
production of plain food, and plain cloth
ing and houses, one hour a day, with the I
aid of our labor-saving machinery, would
probably supply all our needs ; so we will
not quarrel with those who cultivate a
taste for the refined, the polished, and the
beautiful, even though sometimes that
taste is cultivated slightly at the expense
of strength and durability.
The Prieeof Cotton.
Charleston JJews Courier.
The value that the great Southern sta
ple may bring iu the markets of the world
is of leading importance, aud as the de
cline lately lias been constant, and is
causing the question to be asked How
low will it go T a gentlwman iu tlie cotton
trade has kindly furnished us with the
following list of prices for a series of years,
showing the extreme figures prevailing
in each year. It will be noticed that in
1645 it reached 4 cents per pound. The
following are the figures, which are prob
ably correct. Itt M62 and after the prices
were given in greenbacks:
1 825 . .
Id2(i . .
1827 . .
1828 . .
1853. . .
1855. . .
1857. . .
A MARRIAGE DODGE.
It is undeniably a marked trait of hu
manity to want what seems hard to se
cure : to count as cood all that fortune
or circumstances seems determined to
withhold. This is as true of wives as of I
anything else. Women who are easily
had are not wanted, and those difficult
to get have their charms enhanced by the
ue.o i u.mcuuy. une Justus liai- .Peace witl, all nations has been main
ley, of Michigan, nnderstands this thor- tained unbroken, domestic tranquility has
oughly, and has lately proved its truth by prevailed, and the institutions of liberty
wiienmeuh "e uau B,x nomeiy ana com-
men-place daughters, from 17 to 26, and
not one of them found a husband, although
other young women iu that town went off
connubially without any visible attrac
tions or for any ostensible reason. Tho
paternal Bailey finally come to the con-
ctuaiuu uiatuis uaugnicrs were noiexciU-
1 i il. .i i ji i . . .
sive enough ; that they were entirely too
accessiblejtoo mnch on the market, in
short. Consequents he locked them np,
ami-gave out that the young men in the
place must keep away from his house if
they did not wish to be hurt. He intima-
ted that he slept by day and sat np all
night at homo with a club and revolver.
The scheme worked beautifully. At the
end of two weeks of this gnardingpre-
mmicc, oue oi mo gins lowerea nersea
from her chamber window, ran off and
got married. In another week a second
disappeared in tire same way. A third
recently returned after a sadden flight as
Mrs. , and a fourth is engaged. The
m r r j . .
uatr,mona peril. Old Bailey think, of
applying for a patent.
rrc VJ o. An aero or soil one
foot deep contains 4,000,000 pounds. An
average acre of American soil, six inches
deep, is estimated to contain 17,333 pounds
or porasii, n,.wu pounds of lime, 16,000
pounds of magnesia, 6,000 pound of soda
, 1 5,730 pounds of sulphuric acid, 4,000
, Kunds of phosphoric acid and 500 pounds
W. H. Bailey, Esq., will.hereafter prac
tice regularly in DaxidsoCourt Darid-
$on Record, -
,A"goodly number of our citizens are" at
tending Court. Kowan is well represent
ed by witnesses iu t!he Bill Locke murder
case. Davidson llecord.
-; -.. .
Bill Kedwine, an illicit distiller from
Healing Springs, was arrested last week,
jn default of bail, committed to jail
at t,js piace. iB addition to the violation
of revenue laws, there are a number of
fighting cases against him. Davidson lie
cord, - -.
Dr. Beaty has sent ns .1 sweet potato
weighing Tiuuds. Who can beat it?
lJredell Gazette ? C 7 . .
Davidsou. B. B. Roberts,. Esq., has
shown us one that weighed nine pounds
less two ounces, and that measured twenty-four
inches iu circumference. Next
Reward Offered for The Recovery of Stew
New Youk, November 8. Mrs. A. T.
Stewart has offerd a reward of $25,000 for
the recovery of the body of her late hus
band, stolen from the family vault at St.
Mark's church graveyard, and the con
viction of the thieves. A proportionate
sum will be paid for the recovery of the
HOW THEY DO IT IN GOTHAM.
A Jewelry Store Robbed in the Presence
" of a Large Crowd.
,New Youk, November 8. Johnson's
jewelry store, on Eighth Avenue, between
55th and 56th streets, was robbed last
evening of $2,000 worth of clocks and
watches in the presence of a large num
ber of passers-by. Shortly after 6 o'clock
two men entered the store ; one closed the
doors while the other kept in
their places with a revolver Mr.
Johnson, the proprietor, his clerk and a
customer ; two others smashed the large
'plate windows and packed up two bags
of the stock exposed. While thus occu
pied two others arrived with pistols and
ordered the passers-by to move on. The
property having been packed up 'the
thieves, still protected by their compan
ions, moved quickly to a butcher's cart in
waiting at the corner, and drove rapidly
away. 1 lie two who kept possession 01
the store, receiving a preconcerted signal,
turned on the throng aud fired their pis
tols in the air. A stampede of the peo
ple followed, and the thieves all made
THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.
The following js President Hayes offi
cial announcement of a day for thanks
giving: "The recurrence of that season at which
it is the habit of our people to make de
vout aud public confession of their con
stant dependence upou the Divine favor
for all the good gifts of life and happiness
and of public peace and pro8jenity, ex
hibits, in the record of the year, abundant
reasons for our gratitude and thanksgiv
ing. Exuberant harvests, productive
mines, ample crops of the staples of trade
and manufactures have enriched the coun
try The resources thus furnished to our
reviving indnstries and expanding com
merce are hastening the day when dis
cords and distresses, through the length
and breadth of tho land, will, under the
continued favor of Providence, have given
way to confidence and energy aud assur-
and ja8tice. which the wisdom and virtue
of our fathers established, retnaiu tho glo
ry and defeuse of their children.
"The general prevalence of the blessings
of health through our wide land has made
more conspicuous the sufferings and sor
rows which the dark shadow of pestilence
has cast nnon a nortion of our noonl...
Thig heavy affliction even the Divine Ru-
ler has tempered to the suffering comran-
nitie8 in the umvers.a 8Vmpatiy aml suc.
cor which have flowed to their relief, and
the whole nation may rejoice in the unity
of gpirit in onr ta by which they
cheerfullv share one another's burdens,
.NoWf therefore, I, Utherford B. Haves,
President of the United States, do appoint
Thursday, tho 28th day of November as a
day of National thanksgiving and prayer,
and I earnestly recommend that, with
drawing themselves from secular cares
and labors, the people of the United States
do meet together on that day in their re
spective places of worship, there to give
IIia mcrcies and to devoutly beseech their
Beef Pickle. To prepare pickle for
beef, take one aud a half pounds of brown
sugar, two ounces of saleratns, and nine
pouuds of salt, and boil iu four gallons of
1 water. Skim aud cool, and" pour enough :
I of it over the meat to cover it. The nick- I
lo should be boiled over once a month, and '
j should have a iound of salt and two oun-
ces of sugar added to it at these times.
It has been frequently said that we
have reached "hard pari," "touched
bottom" that matters w ere as ba d as
ther could get. They are Hd enough'
but they are not as bad aslthey jiaye
been, and not as bad as a continuation
of Republican rule, policy f and legis
lation can and will make them. In
proof of this, and to show where we
ma go, the Lynchburg Kcw resur
rects Benton's "Thirty Year's Recol
lections," and from it copies the fol
lowing:" . :f; :
'The years of 1819 arid f 820 were
4 period of "glo6hjand1ionyrNo
moneyeither gold or silver; no pa
per convertible into specie; no meas
ure or standard of value left remain
ing. The local banks, all but those
of New England, after a brief resump
tion of specie payments, again sank
into a state of suspension. The Bank
of the United States created as a rem
edy for all these evils, now at the
head of the evil, prostrate and help
less, with no power left but that of
suing its debtors and selling their
property, and purchasing for itself at
its own nominal price. No price for
property or produce, no sales but those
of the sheriff and marshal; no purchas
ers at the execution sales but the cred
itor and some hoarder of money; no
employment for industry; no demand
for labor; no sound of hammer but
that of the auctioneer knocking down
propertv. Stop laws, property laws,
the replevin laws, stay laws, loan office
laws, the intervention of the Legisla-
ture between the creditor and the
debtor this was the business of leg-
islation in three-fourths of the States
of the Uniou of all south and west
of New England. No medium of ex-
change but depreciated paper; no ex-
change even but little bits of foul pa-
per, marked so many cents and sign-
etl bv so many tradesmen, barbers, or
inn-keepers; exchanges deranged to
the extent of fifty or one huudred per
cent. Distress, the universal crv of
the people, reliefthe Universal demand,
thundered at the door of all
turcs, State and Federal."
A SWINDLER AND SUICIDE.
The New York Custom House oflS
cials have discovered frauds of an
extensive character involving R. A.
Pedrick, a clerk employed by Benk-
hard &Hutton, importers of dry goods
in uroome street. I'euriCK is cnargea
with embczzlfng $108,000 of the
" A . ft 1 I I I
nrra s money entrusted to mm 10 pay
custom duties, and with forging per-
mits for passing gootls through the
m -W WW It
Uustom Mouse, ne nas Deen missing
since the discovery of the crime. The
n k.. .,.ui;nn
iiiivfi I nr l inline in i il ih riTiii II' n
o - i o
i T 1 I 1 TT..ii 1
against Densnam xiuuon, anu
and Levi P. Morton, their security,
to recover izv,uvu, tne iuu penauy
on their bond as importers, ine
Clerk who has stolen more than $100,-
000 iiitrnstpd tn him fortbe navment of
duties on bonded goods, and who had
covered his tracks with great
nuity, calling even forgery to his aid,
had earned the confidence of his em
ployers by fifteen years faithful ser
vice, beginning as an errand boy.
His honesty was. never suspected; he
was happy in his home; his habits
were exemplary. His deliberate act
of self-destruction is oue of those inex
plicable events which now an
shock tne puonc, wncn men, wnw
i .i , i. i I
lives are opening with promise, throw
away all the chances of existence and
leap iuto ruin. N. Y. Tribune.
Asheville Citizen: Sunday morning
last,, while Miss- Ximberly, daughter
of Prof. Kimberly who is at present
living at the residence of Major Mar
cus Erwin, near this place, was en
gaged in dressing for church, her
clothing caught fire and before the
flames could he extinguished the un
fortunate young lady was terribly, if
not dangerously, burned.
Pens. Enclish steel pens are almost
entirely made by women. . In 1820-21 the
first cross of "three-slit steel pens was
sold. wholesale at 7 4s. the cross. In
lg30 they had fallen to 8s., and in 1832
to 6s: a gross. Abetter article is now
sold at Od. a gross.
Said and Irishman in the course of an
eloquent speech, "Mr. Chairman, the gals j
is the boy to do it."
OUTRAGES. IN OHIO,
A Pari of ihe Mod Flagrant Lav
Breach of ZaU in ihe Buckeye State
Cixciknatt, November 6. There
is great excitement throughout Drake
county, Ohio, over acts of violence re-
w7 numuea upon a number, of
..Cuv4M.Wuniy. oomemontns ordinary propeller. The forward part
ago a man named Grier was murdered is fitted up as a grist mill, power be
beside his wif f. PtlAe!nA !. Unl : . . .
- -- " vo""v "J
j a r
named Ouackenuush was ordered to
,m u!u v. vn ne eu 01 June
toou men.weut io uienousef Steve
" kw u,K,anaPPca f' 80n
yv iiiiamtwtomhey took lrWi
tucsw wuerc ne was convicted ot
grand larceny and sentenced to one
year in the penitentiary. He after-
wards secureda new trial. At the
same time the elder White received
notice from the regulators to leave the
country. Not heeding the notice he
was shot dead iu his house by a large
oouy ox mounted men. llie grand
jurjr iuuhi irue uius against Jonn I
A .l.: u T: J ? rr oi . r
n.vu.cj wtuuomne, um. onumaie,
Albert Pickey, Solomon Ferguson,
Oliver. Morgan and Robt. Hart, for
kidnapping White. Yesterday Mar-
f 1 fl ... .
snai onaier procured assistance and
arrested the entire party. Wm. Shu-
mate is worth $50,000.
Since the killing of White ten pro-
minent citizens have received orders
Kroni tne regulators to leave the coun-
l7 under the penalty of death. Mr.
1 utnam, a colored lawyer ot Palestine,
received such notice, and fearing his
llle was ,n danger, immediately left.
Mecklenburq's Inventive Genius.
Mr. Ellison Walker, of Steel Creek,
who luvented and patented the now
well-known leather brush in cotton
gins, is at work on other things, among
these a reaper, which he expects to
get patented between this time and
Christmas, and which, he says, will
weigh less than an ordinary wheel-
barrow, and will go through a field
as rapidly as a man can walk. Jvery-
body who has seen it pronounces it
a success. It will be operated by a
man, but for less than $25 horse pow-
cr can be applied to it.
Mr. walker is tne riison ot tms
part of the country. With his great
ingenious turn he is thoroughly prac-
tical in all his undertakings; he has
never undertaken but oue thing that
did not pan out well, and that was
perpetual motion. In conversation,
1 .l 1 i .111
yesterday, wun a lawyer ana an uo-
server young man he laughed about
nis exienence m mat ime, anu ioiu
about how a neighbor had backed his
(Walker's) judgment with his own
t 1 a-
money, anu now, wnen iney came in
an ace of attaining their end, the neigh -
i a ... ff n .,,1 a troif nn ihal
iir 1111 anu 11 it cm .aw.w v. ...
i - -
I 1 t- 17 1 1.
proposeu intent, iur. umr Ku
up his perpetual motion ides after
tnat iaiiure,anu win nemiinumaij f Clark's Ferry to Sunbury,
the job again. However, iikc raauy
another mechanical genius, he believes
it lie thine feasible. and savs tnat in
fifty years from this tiraeit will bean
Mr. Walker is a pleasant-spoken
mnn nrur has on his shoulders a head
which is full of horse sense. Cftar.
LABOR IN CHICAGO.
The Chicago Tribune lately sent its
reporters to investigate the labor mar-
ket of that citv. The foundries, i
i ... , .t..r-.:M r kI
lin? niiiis. aim mauuiwiwutB
IMLV Were YIVIICU IU lUIU. uu m unikii
made with regard to the number
nf hands emvloved. the number want-
ed, applications for work, and so on.
Of twenty establishments, employing
OOO men. ten had all the men they
wntMl and five wanted more, but
u u- h;U iUTm-n-
couiu uui gc '"u'i w
had very few applications lorione oi iucw uaya wcuhi
his line there was not a man in Chi-
cagoout of work through necessity,
Uthers oeneveu uiai, any ""u.
hat wanted work could get it for
t a Vs .1 I am oMMn I
i-i.'a ftl toftl.50 nerdav.
o,.:il1 n fram ft2 to S3
lauvm a "n J w . t
oiviiicu b " w r
day, which gives fair support, consid-
crinjy the low price for tbejecessarieslfHfTiltene(i aud the bridle breaking the
of life. The Tribune is convinced tliat
o . . . .
the clamor of "no work" and "hard
times" does not come from men who
1 , , i .
w0rk and want to work, but from
tlmsA who ornamont the street cor
I Ti. .tnm anl bTwb
IltTs WiilllUll avra v. - mm O
AN ODD CRAFT.
correspondent, writing from Owen
Sound, Ontario, sends us. aa account
ofa floating grist mill, or grist-grind-
ins steamboat, now nn h X. -
Little I Current, Ont. The stern of
the craft carries the machinery of an
g suppnea Dy the engine. The in
xermediate space is to be used for
freight, while the upper deck provides
accommodations for passengers
There is a double lack of gristmills
steam communication on and about
Manitouiirisland; amllhP projector
of the new craft, Mr. D. Miller,
of Little Current, proposes to meet
both wants at once. He expects that
on receiving due notice of hiscominir.
farmers near the various ports of the
island will be ready with their grists;
after eriridiot tlim he will sail w!h
passengers and freight to the next
port, grinding by the way, for his own
use, the wheat he has received as tolls.
when Ins steamer is tied up for the
winter the capital invested in it will
not have to lie idle, for the boat will
at once be converted into a erist mill
- - o
with change of machinery,
Plant Fruit and Shade Trees.
During the present month is the
time to plant fruit and shade trees and
shrubbery. Many neglect to attend
to this important matter in time, aud
allow their premises to go from year
to year with a look of barrenness and
want of improvement and cultivation,
aud then wonder why it is that others
can have such beautiful evergreens in
their front yards, such fine crops of
fruit, or such beautiful shade trees.
Now is the time to plant them, and
when once planted and growing, very
little care will keep them in fine trim.
The Germans, Swiss and other nations,
are never behind in this matter, and
make it profitable. Why do not our
people give it more attention?
Inventors Needed in England.
At the recent meeting at the En-
glish Associated Chambers of Com
merce, American improvements and
inventions were mentioned agravely
threatening the manufacturing supre
macy of the kingdom. The London
Spectator states the fact and the reme
dy in plain English, in this way :
"The world has discovered it can have
too much of Manchester goods. Lan-
must discover a newer tune for
Europe and Asia to dance than sized
Tf it desire to make a reason
able profit on ;ts growing capital, it
must use a i;ttie inventiveness, and
i vary jjs note,
A Lonq Train.
n , Xorthprn Antral RU mad
bfp , . a lateJ engine No. 4
a distance of thirty-one miles, a train
consisting of 183 empty freight cars,
one loaded eight-wheeler, two cabooses
and a dead engine. It was up-grade
work, but the trip was made at the
rate of ten miles an hour. The train
was 6,200 feet long, or 920 feet more
than a mile, and, it is claimed, was
the longest everdrawn by a single
New Artesian Well, Vitoria, Spain.
The new artesian well which is now
heinc bored, under the direction of
i o '
Mr. Richard. C. E..at Vitoria. Spain.
r - - r
nas now reacneu a uepin oi neany
2,200 feet. The diameter of the bore
ia about 20 inches. The drills are
worsea oy a uorse power sweam
engine All the machineryjs describ-
I a I C A. .1
ed as being oi me most peneci anu
effective character. It is hoped that
, , "mi
piymg me cny wiui an auuuuauue
I a .. ".I I 1
the purest water.
Q0V HAMPT0N BREAKS A LEG
Charleston, November o.-uovernor
I . .it r i- I
Hampton, wun some menus, w .uuuus
nir Hliimbi;i voHterdav afternoou
. be mule he wag riding became
I -o .
1 Governor leaped from the saddle, sus
taining severe injuries m his fa
right leg wrs broken in two plac
the knee, the bones protruding,
' ,Ie s
his fall. The
ohL-Ia badlv hurt. He was braucht
- 1 ,1:tTi,t iuitirifii
- 1 i i.:,.. ,...t.i . i.;,
n ill irtviavi j vvi '
bed for a long time.
. , ' ..." - i f i? ; !'
7 CHICKEN'S AXD EGGS.1
: The poultry bnsiness, although i there '
is ofit only a little here and. little there
over the whole conn trr. vt .u'
connted together, is. of iainienso'extentr
uv ixtyiv, ns a nation, coosnnift
more poultry and eggs than mericansl v
Indeed, tbo quantity of ess and ibwbi s d:
consumed in our largo dUea::U'eaornif',IiT,'',
amounting every year to millions tifdol-- tHli
lars in value. The trade ia ;tfoaitrylin4 s tiA W
their produet is in fact oue of oar largest -1
lniemai commercial iuterestsTtwiir"
not here tionble with tlgures or f census1
returns, for one would then be lost in the"
vastness of the business' vLich geeras al- 1 - ,t'44e'.
most incredidly largebutwhichj never-'t1'
tbeietsyia, matter of indubitable1 tt - 4 '
ality. -y- .i'
Besides the large numbers of on!-"
try raised for markets, what would a
American country home bo without Its : 1
chickens t As soon as the farmer's ! oi! ;n ? v'
laborer's .ildren are old enongh to knbwl v? Jlit
a ehickeu when they see it, so soon doea'1 i!
their interest begin with regard to their 'f ,f -t,,a
pratiug,jcacklingpetsand they soon want f
to be busy with the little chfcks feeding or :
protecting them ; nor do they think It ;
anything laborious, but take delight in
driving away the dog or cat, carrying
them scraps from the table, and other
wise making themselves useful. The
labor performed iu families by young peo
ple iu this way, if all added together
would like the value of the stock, prove
to be immense. If not done bv iIipra.
much of it would not be doue at all, as
men are generally employed at harder
work ou the farm. Much, indeed, of the
great amount of poultry is a clear ac
cumulation of wealth by the farmers wives
Nothiug ou a farm brings more plea
sure than the poultry wheu well cared for.
Too many look upon poultry-raising as a
lottery ; they say it's all iu Jucl. Ko
it is management, even the dreaded gapes
lias no more terrors for those who cau ex
tract the vile worm that causes such dis
tressing aunoyauce ; audit is easily done
when one has ouce seen the operatiou
performed. Where hens have a good run
they cost but little to keep during the
summer, aud supply mauy a good mor
sel. This is so ol'teu loue, that it is some
times forgotten or taken as a matter of
course ; but let the eggs aud chickens
used for oue year iu a country home, be
taken into account, and one is astonish
ed at the quantity. Iu summer, then
the farmer's wife is too busy to cook fresh
tough meat, she flies to the egg-basket
and quickly makes up agood meal with
fresh laid eggs, but often forgets, the
quantity used iu this way. The number
of chickens nsed in some families duriuir
a year, is quite large. Our chicken pot--pie
is now considered a uational dish,
and truly it deserves to be so. Either
boiled, roa to J, or serve 1 u; in any other
way, chickens are toothsome and handy
until the one year old fowl makes a good
stew or pot-pie. Some prefer a fowl of
that age to a young ehickeu, as the flesh
is tinner on the bones aud is of a rich,
full flavor. Often, too, tho farm is sit
uated far from a market, aud then a
chicken conies very handyto a meat
hungry hard-worked family. Ia .har
vesting or. busy times, '"when bothjierses
aud men ale too tired to go far to market,
what is more agreeable than a nicely
cooked chicken! IIexrv II.vles in Ra
mi New Yorker.
ItESTOUING OLD TREES.
I was pleased to see your account of
"old trees dying" restored to vigor and
productiveness by manuring.. This was7
of course where the soil needed it. else
where there would have been no beuefit.
I have in many cases (and never one fail
ed) secured the same result bymore at
tention to the top, removing the dead
and ailing limbs, and permitting only tho
more thrifty and healthy to grow. In
these old and declining trees ther, is much '
sap wasted ou the decaying branches,
which, upon their removal, is saved and
concentrated upon the more healthy and
surviving shoots, while new shoots on-'
tirely sou ml and vigorous, will start out.
In all these cases the soil was well drain
ed and of good depth and richness, little
or no cultivation or manure being given.
The roots seemed to have found room
1 and fertility enough to sustain a sufficient
growth. But in the great majority of
cases the soil of our ' orchards is not of
. 1 . 1 1 -
tins cnaracicr, out apt to oe more or less
wet, with the surface soil lacking depth,
tliowt Im-Iow uutit for suceesful fruit
I Xfv pT!wrini"fl nil nlurvntian (at
me to say that this difference in the soil
is always to be kept in view in treating
orchards, for it is probably as bad to havo
the ground too rich as not rich enough
avoiding tho extreme in tho latter ease.
The aim should bo to keep up tho balance
between the wood and the fruit growth,
which, iu thin soil, requires attention
both to the ground and the tree to the
tree alone where the ground is all right,
keeping, the . orchard iu sod. Country
: . .
1 . " . t At
Senient skin shoes tor laojcs are ine
latest Paris novelty. Thus it is thttlier
i vin fm- thn -ra tho snake treated