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VOL X II .-THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY, IT. C, APRIL 21, 1881.
- -; - - ' 7" a
The Carolina Watchman;
ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1832.
- PKICE, $1J0 IN ADVANCE. i
CONTRACT ADVERTISING RATES,
j FEBRUART 8i ISSOi
inches . l month Sin's m$ m ism's ;
Three lor ,
I do. do.
11.50 j $2.50 J3.6U $6.00 $8.0
S.OO 4.M ft. 85 T.50 12.00
i 4,69 - T.50 11.00 15.00 j
6.00 7.50 9.96 13.50- - 18.00-
1.50 .75 11.85 10.50 25.00 ;
11.25 15.75 20.50 25.50 4.00 !
19.T5 2C.26 r 83.15 48.TS 75.00 j
MfflEMBER THE DEAD !
J0H1I S. llUTClllilSUli
DEALEiriN ' .
Italian and American Marble
! Monuments, Tombs and Gravestones,
! i or ETKHT UBSCKIPTIOX.
Being a practical marble-worker, ii enables
irte of executing any piece of work from" tbe
j airiest to 4he most elaborate in an 'artistic
itvle, and ia a guitrant.v thai perfect satisfaction
will be given to the ui'ut exacting patrono.
j Cill and examine my Stock and prices be
fore purchasing, as J will sell at the rery low
j (Denigns and estimaterfor any desired work
will be fnrniKlied on application, at next door
to J. D. McNeely's f?tore.
i 1 Salisbury, N. 6., March 9, 1831.
R. R! CRAWFORD & CO. . .
J AIIK SELLING '
fAEM AHD FACTOEY
1 SIEAM EIISHUE.
mm rifle mm rsdx;zw Ti.riz
Oj our owiHiud Korelga makw and
From the Finest to the Ch apet 4
Horse Ealies, &c.
Salisbury, Jam 64 1881. ly
m woMenm improTed saw Haciiins
I SSflfiJiS tw.ftM loff la three fcMa
I JKI! wol or lojra of any size in a daf
r ,w n chop or uw the old way. frerw
j fHnn taumilh' UMtvr AtrrrKiNtj vkTi
1 78 kirn ttn(4, CUetuauTu1
1.. H. CLEMENT.
CRAIGE & CLEMEfiT,
tantcp at gvf
SAUSBtSY. S. C.
. 1 TTOllA E I A T LA W,
Practices in the State and Federal
SEEDS E BEST II
11 nut aoid in yoor town, too IJ
caa get thwnby mail. Drop II
I . tr Cmnt tat Cat.
, - DllDKrai&sO!PHttaI)AMF.
: Bliclier aid Henierson,
w u. awa d
iv;-S '- : " ""
;- - SALISBURY, 2?. C.
Jj22 1879 . y i
How Little TVe Know
How little we klKrrir erf aa1i othr.
, I wo pa8s trough the joaroej of life,
With its trojKie, ita fear, it teinpta-
. tien...7--: . :
Jlta lieart breaking isares, and its stife !
o can obij see tilings oil llie surface,
For few people glory in sinl
And an nnrufled face is no index
To the tumult which rages within.
J How little we know of each other 1
I he man who to-day Basses btr. -
Blessed With fortune and honor and titles
Aou Holding bis proud bead on high;
May carry a-dead secret within him,
Which makes iu his bosom a hell
Aal he, sooner or later, a felon,- .
-May writhe in the prisoner's cell
How little we feiloW of each oihcr!
That woman of fashion, who sneers
At the poor girl betrayed and abandoned,
And left to her sighs and heir tears,
May, ere the sun rises to-morrow,
Have the mask rudely terii from .her
. - lace,
And sink from the height of her glory,
To. the dark shades of shame and dis-
How little we know of each other !
Of ourselves too little we know, .
We are all weak when under temptation.
All subject to error and woe j
Then let blessed charity rule tis,
Let us put away envy and spite
For the skeleton dim in our closet,
May some day be brought to the light.
Agricultural Kxperimeut Station.
Bulletin No". 7. April 2d J881.
What does my laud need to produce a
given erop to the tost advantage, is the
living, alpimportant question with .the
intelligent farmer. Different soils have
very different wants, varying with their
original character and with the kind of
exhaustion to which they have been sub
jected. It should be the aim of the' far
mer to supply exactly what is needed and
nothing else. It is only in tliia way that
the highest profits are made, j If, for ex
ample, the farmer puts phosphoric acid,
ammonia and potash in one of the socall-
ed complete manures nt the Cost of $40.00
per ton, upon his soil whe"u Really only
phosphoric :icid isju-eded for his crop
upon that 8oil, aml this can i be had at
jifUK) per ton, for his imuiediute purpo
ses at least, he is throwiug uvyay $10.1X1.
It. is ti tle that very often our worn lauds
need nil these rtetiieuta of plant-Nod ami
the coiuplete manure very generally docs
well therefore.- Hut it is not by any means
much doubt, for example, whether iu the
majority of cases he gets any sufficient
-return for the 2 to 3 per centJof ammon
ia in the nitrogeuons matter to render it
wortlrthc five to ten dollars additional
which he has to pay for it. j
Tlie farmer asks then, how shall I find
exactly what it will pay life blest to apply
to my soil for a particular fcrop f Tho
laboratory method which has I been pro
posed gives a verylincertniu reply. The
comparison of the analysis of the soil and
Jthe plant tenches us little definitely. The
analysis of the soil can of necessity rep
resent only a few ounceB of soil at most.
Thousands of tons of soil am Vrithin Hach
of the crop. What probability is there
that the few ounces will accurately rep
resent tho thousands of tons There are
many other reasons why this method is
; The practical test with the crop upon
the soil is worth more than all the analy
ses soils the chemist can make. The
answer nature makes to theuestions put
directly to her in field experiments are
far clearer and more reliable than the
theories of the chemist. Such experi
ments every farmer should conduct for
himself. These results would be his sur
est guides in fertilising his land,
j I present here a simple Scheme for
some such experiments having reference
to the elements of plant-food most often
needed a pou an inexpensive scale. The
questionto which the experimenter seeks
the answer is, will it pay me pest to use
phosphoric acid ammonia or potash upon
my soil with this crop. Will
be best with any one of these
combination of two of them or with all
three together f I
j An acre of partially exhausted soil is
selected of as uniform character, and as
level as possible, It is accurately divid
ed into ten parallel strips. The different
substances are applied as illustrated by
the diagram,, three lots being left with no
manure to serve as standards of compari
son. Nothing. .
2. Phosphoric acid.
. w - r i
4. Potash. I
5. Phos. acid, Am. and Potash.
6. Nothing. j
7. Phos. acid and Ammonia, i
8. Phos. acidnd Potash. f
9. Ammonia and potash. '
pPlot 1. Teceivea nothiug. iOn 2, put
40tts. dissolved S. C, phosphate (not
containing potash)." On 3, 20tb. of sul
phate of ammonia. On 4, 10Qs. muriate
of potash. Plot 5, receives all three, viz:
40tbs. dissolved S. C, phosphate, 201b.
n1nhate of ammonia and lOIbs. muriate
of potash. Of has nothing again. Plot 7,
gets 401bs. dissolved phosphate and20Ibs. ;
sulphate of ammonia. 8, 40Xb8. phosphate
and I01bs muriate of notash 9, 20Ss.
sulphate of ammonia and lOIbs. muriate
of potash, while 10, gets nothing again,
The different plots are to be cultivated
in all respects alike. A careful record is
to be kept of the appearances of the crop
- a I r a a - 1 1 ta 1
on wie uinerenc piois anu me prouuee
inj each is measured separately. Corn,
and cotton will be found convenient crops
W ptllUUV TT I fell A UU.Ugll ft AIJ IO"
riety of field or garden crops adapt them
selves to such experiments.
.. If the experiments have been' carefully
conducted the farmer will see clearly from
the results which element or elements of
plant-food were needed for this crop.- Of
course many more factors come into the
problem in practice and must be .consid
ered" in' drawing the final conclusions.
But the system of experiments present
here iu merest outline will be found to
be in any case very instructive. '
The necessary chemicals will cost un
I shall be glad to correspond with
farmers interested in such experiments
and will sdpply them with further direc
tions, if desired. Cnxs. W. Dabxev,
From the Raleigh Xews.
A Prize Worth Contending For.
We have twice before called attention
to the "star" premiums offered by the
State Agricultural Society to the young
men and women of our State. Col. Polk,
the secretary, lias favored us with the
following particulars and roles in regard
to them, which we know will be read
with great interest by the enterprising
young people of the State ;
THE VOUXO MAN'S STAR PREMIUM.
To the unmarried man under 24 years
of age, who shall bring to the State fair
the greatest and best variety of the pro
ducts of his own hands, a premium of
$50 iu gold.
THE YOUNG WOMAN'S STAR PREMIUM.
To the numan-ied lady under 22
years of age, who shall bring to the
State fair the greatest and best variety
of products of her own liauds, a premium
of $50 in gold.
For the next best display by a young
man and young woman, as above, $25 in
gold to each.
Parties Competing for the above pre
miums will be required to observe the
following rules 1
1. Each- exhibitor must furnish the
secretary with a full list of all the ai ti
cles to be exhibited on or before .Satur
day, October 8th.
2. The displays for this premium must
be iu position and ready for examination
by 12 m. on Tuesday, the 11th. .
.3. The list of articles furnished the
secretary, nnder rule 1, must bo accom
panied by the affidavit of the party mak
ing the entry, setting forth that the ex
hibitor does not exceed the age prescri
bed j that each and every article exhibi
ted is the product of his or her own
hands, and that said articles have all
been made since the 1st day of November,
Printed forms of affidavit will be furn
ished by the secretary on application.
4. The names of exhibitors must not
appear on any of the articles. They will
only be made known after the premiums
5. Each display will be made ; as a
whole, and may be arranged under the
personal supervision of the exhibitor.
6. Persons iutending to compete for
these premiums must notify the secretary
on or before the 1st of August.
7. These exhibitions will be subject to
the same rules governing entries made
for other premiums, and will not be re
moved til the close of the general exhibi
tion. The a wards be will made by commit
tees composed of ladies and gentlemen mo
chosen as to guard most effectually
against injustice and partiality. These
udges, as well as those for all other
departments, will be selected and their
services secured as soon as possible.! All
awarding committees for the coming fair
will be chosen beforehand and with an
eye single to their peculiar fitness and
qualifications for tho work to which tl.ey
may be assigned. Col. Polk asks that all
the young men and ladies, who desire to
erlter the list for this hiirli honor and
this splendid premium, will communicate
with him. He will answer all letter aud
inquiries promtply aud cheerfully.
State papers, will please copy, ,
On a certain day, years ago, two men and
an Indian squaw arrived at a swampy ; spot
with a-wagvn. , They went- to work and
stuck up a rude shanty. A man shot a
woodchuck and the squaw skinned aud
cooked it. They ate the woodchuck. Then
they all crawled into the shanty and iwent
to sleep. These proceedings, ridiculous as
it may seem, are to be celebrated in great
style, with much braying of trumpets; and
beating of drums. Much gunpowder lis to.
be fired and several men blown up, to cele
brate the slaying of the woodchuck. j For
the proceedings' of those ' two men ! and
that squaw constituted the founding of
Chicago. Boston Pott.
::: The velvet loom is the iu ventionj of a
Spaniard named Heixach. I
J . Some days ago Senatef Dawes inflicted
j the Senate with a lob? varn abont lfu
1 socbosetts man who Iind been driven out
of Mississippi, his cotton gins, etc, burnt,
: . ... - f
anu nis lamuy masssicTea. iao senator
from that 8tate promptly said that they
1 dldnt believe a wor4 of it, and asked foV
I . - . ' i I
5 tne name of the martyr. But Dawes rei
J plied that it was impertinent to ask hint
such a question, and he would not give
the name or the place where the alleged
outrage had been coramittad. And now
the humane papers of .New England are
anxious about the matter, and are calling
for the name of the sufferer. The Boston
Herald says 'that nobody has been smart
enough to guess itoT'not even MrJ
Dawes, who in this emulates the leading
characteristics of the traditional jack'
daws. Newt d' Observer. . ' 1 I
Tns Coming Fight I Against Mahone lx
ViRorxiA. Washington, April 11. Ex
Congressman Goode, of the Norfolk district,
has been traveling through Virginia during
the past month iu connection with the York
town celfcbnrton. ne returned hereto-day
and says that his inquiries in all parts of
the Jitate Satisfied him that the result of the
coalition between the Republicans and Ma
hone will be, to unite under Democratic
leadership about all the respectability of the
State against the rabble that will follow
Stahoftts for public plunder. Mr. Goode
predicts that the Democrats will carry the
State by an overwhelming majority in the
fall election. Another well known Virgin
bin from Richmond reports the feeling there
over the cealition to be quite as intense as
Mr. Qoode found it elsewhere. He says that
the Democrats have nothing to fear from a
union of the Republicans' and Rendjusters
In Richmond, for such a union wns itrno-
minionsly beaten in November last. Mr.
0ode is now engaged in soliciting subscrip
tions among the original thirteeen States
for the $250,000 authorized by the York
town centennial association. Mr. Goode says
all the stock will prolkibly betaken by July
Jeff. Davis, in his forthcoming book, col
lates the opinions, and utterances of North
ern men in 1801 to the effect that there
should be no effort made to coerce the South.
Among them is the following: The New
York Tribune the leading organ of the par
ty which triumphed in the election of 18C0,
had said, goon after the result of that elec
tion was ascertained, with reference to se-
c&feion; "We hold, with Jefferson, to the
inalienable rights of communities to alter or
abolish forms of government that have be
come oppressive or injurious; and, if the
Cotton States shall decide that they can do
better out of the Union than in it, we in
sist on lettiug them go in peace. The right
to secede may be a revolutionary right, but
it exists nevertheless ; and we do not see
how one party nan have a right to do what
another party has a right to prevent. We
must ever resist the asserted right of any
State to remain in the Union and nullify or
defy the laws thereof; to withdraw from
the Union is quite another matter. And,
whenever a considerable section of our
Union slia 1 deliberately resolve to go out,
we shall resist all coercive measures de
signed to keep her in. We hope never to
live in a republic whereof one section is
pinned to the residue by bayonets." The
New York Tribune of Tuesday quotes down
to this and then stops. That paper reminds
u? of the little boy who had gotten down
in the barrel to the sugar that didn't taste
good. 2s'ec ind Obeicrter.
Jeremiah S. Black, who knows more law
and politics than most men, directs public
attention through a newspaper interview to
the novel fact that President Garfield can
go into the Senate and make speeches if he
chooses. It seems that Number 65 of the
standing rules of the Senate, adopted no one
knows how long a'go,: provides for a confer
ence between the President and the Senate,
and. even stipulates that he shall have a seat
on the right of the Chair. The veil of
secrecy which surrounded the meetings of
the first Congresses leaves it uncertain how
generally this rule was practiced by the
Presidents, but Judge Black avers that they
practiced it upon occasion. Later the rule
became practically abrogated by the adop
tion of writing as a means of communication
between the White House and the Capitol,
and thus through three-quarters of a centu
ry of disuctude has become utterly lost to
sight. But it Is still on the list of rules,
and the Ex-Attorney General thiuks Gar
field might do well to revive it, and use his
gilt of eloquence to stop the present dis
graeeful dead-lock, and get the Senate down
to business, in the interest ot pure tun a3
a Syracuse student would say we hope the
President may think favorably of this pro
position, and embody it in practice. A little
discussion on the floor of the Senate as to
the exact terms of the Mentor deal between
CoLkliug and Garfield, would make a charm
ingly appropriate inaugural for this gentle
spring season. UtkaN. Y,, Daily Observer.
Miss Hattie Duel has at last succeeded in
committing suicide by starvation. She died
at 12:45 Monday afternoon. Her final de
cline began on Saturday, and from that
time she had not-strengtn enough to write
her wishes. By signs she indicated that
she did not wish to see any more strangers.
She had a high fever, but by morning it bad
abated and she lay quietly until the hour of
dissolution. At noon she completed the
forty-seventh day of her fast. It is said
that her last meal was eaten on Washing
SoTjTHEiiif Industrial Progress. The
capital stock of $300,000 has been snbscrib
ed for a cotton factory at New Orleans, and
a site has been purchased in the business
portion of the city. It is proposed to com
mence work on the building at once, and in
the meantime the machinery has been order
ed.' Work on the New Orleans bftain
factory is progressing rapidly, and it il
promised mat its looms will be in motion
before mid-summer. - Alluding to these and
several other manufacturing enterprises now
under way ia.tbat city, the New Orleans
uupeiHiry remarks that "these
clearly indicate the tendency of capital, and
portray more, progress in the direction -of
manatactunng Industry than has been wit
nesssed during any season since the wsr.
The Biblical Recorder savs : Rev f?
G. Mauley writes to the Central Jlnnthi
from Augusta, Kansas, March 17, and
says: The temperance question is the
topic here and has been for the last six
months." Already, he nsseits, "we don't
see one drunk man where we saw twenty
one year ago. Blear-eyed, bloated drnnk-
ards begin already to look ruddy and heal
thy. It is a time of rejoicing with God's
people." Heclosesthus: "Sincethe strin
gent temperance bill that recently passed
our Legislature and goes on to our stat
utes as a law came into existence, a ter
rible wail has come up from some of our
local papers in leJialf of our churches.
What can they do without wine in the
sacrament t I don't know how you do iu
idissoun. But we (I mean the Baptists)
here in Kansas discard the use of fermen
ted wine in the sacrament almost unani
mously. We are glad that we can say in
the future entiielv."
It is said that the first cotton seed mill
was erected at the South in 1860, and that
now there are 51 in operation. There are
exported to Europe annually about 130,000
barrels of oil, which doubtless comes back
to us, part at least, as olive oil. It is also
used in soap, white oils, stcarine, and for
hundreds of purposes. The cotton seedcake
is a capital cattle food, and made into prop
er shape is a splendid fertilizer. Its com
parative value as attested by the State chem
ist of Georgians $37.50 a ton and it can be sold
for $22 to $25 a ton. An rdinary fertilizer
that has a commercial value of $37 is sold
at $50 to $70 a ton. It is admitted that a
ton of cotton seed yields 35 gallons of oil at
33 cents $11.50. It yields about $5.50
worth of cake and $1.50 worth of lint. It
costs about $10 for the seed and $6.50 forJ
working, barreling, etc., making $16.50 cost
on a yield of $18.60, or a net profit of $2 a
ton. In this section perhaps there may be
a difficulty in obtaining a large quantity f
the seed, but surely, enough can be obtain
ed to justify running a small mill and mak
ing the profit above estimated.
II. II. II., writing to the Charleston JVra
and Courier, from New York, says : Dr.
Philip Schaff, one of t he American reviewers
of the New Testament, told me to-day that
the books will be for sale on the 30th of
May. All the stories about a stock of books
now on hand in New York, under lock and
key, are false. The Testament will contain
a supplement of a dozen pages, giving the
suggestions of the American committee
which are not accepted by the English re
visers. The majority of the American sug
gestions were, however, accepted. It will
surprise many persons to learn that, al
though almost every verse in the New Tes
tament has been altered, it will sound very
much like the old book. Many alterations
concern the punctuation simply or unim
portant words. Six New York publishers
are now preparing to reprint tbe Testament,
as revised, within twenty-four hours of its"
appearance upon the market, which will be
simultaneous in England, Scotland, Ireland,
Australia and the United States. The mar
gin of profit is small, however, as the edi
tion will be sold at retail for 25 cents for
paper covered copies, and 40 cents for those
bound in cloth. I forgot to say that the
American suggestions rejected by the En
glish revisers relate -chiefly to archaic ex
pressions which the Americans wish to have
replaced by modern forms and the English
prefer to retain.
No, my son, cheek is not better than wis
dom; it is not better than honest modesty;
it is not better than anything. Don't listen
to the sirens who tell you to blow your own
horn or it will never be tooted upon. The
world is not to be deceived by cheek, and
it does search for merit, and when it finds
it merit is rewarded. Cheek never deceives
the world, my son. It appears to do so to
the cheeky man, but he is the one who is
deceived. Do you know one cheeky man
in all your acquaintance who is not reviled
for his cheek tbe moment his back is turn
ed ? Is the world not continually drawing
distinctions between cheek and merit ? Al
most everybody hates the cheeky man, my
son. Society tires of the brassy glare of his
face, the howling tinkling ef hisrymhalline
tonirue. the noisv assumption of his for
wardness. The triumphs of cheek are only j
fie bores his way along thro:i.h
the wrld, and frequently better people give I
way to him. But so they give way, my boy,
for a man with a paint pot in each hand.
Not because they respect the man with the
Daint pots, particularly, but because they
want to take care of their clothes. Avoid
cheek, my son. 1 ou can eeu goods witnouc
if and your customers won't run and hide
in the cellar when they see you coming.
Prohibition Does Prohibit.
!Here4bIIo8 the truth from the
ttolston Methodist a good point : "If
prohibition actuall increases the evils
it is intended to prevent, it is a remark
able fact that liquor manufacturers
venders and drinkers ore usually ar
rayed against it, while the more so
ber and virtuous favor it. The fact
is, Prohibition does prohibit, and the
menus of whiske know and feel it.
Put the question of local option or
liumujuon in any lorrn, before the
people, and the last doggery keeper
m ine land will go to the polls and
ca$t his suffrage against it. What does
that mean? Does it mean that the
devil is opposed to the increase of dev
iltry? That his imps will vote against
the enlargement of his dominions'?
Nay, verily.. It mcans tiat the liquor
combination has sense enough to know
that prohibitory laws do have a ten
dency to place an embargo on the
nqcor t rathe."
Manna Loa-Thc Great Volcano of
Private advices from the Sandwich
Islands report that the famous volca
no, Mauna Loa, is still in eruption.
and has been continuously so since
the early part of October. The in
habitants say that the present erup
tion exceeds in grandeur, extent aud
activity any that they can remember,
or, of which there is any record. The
American residents say that the spec
tacle is magnificent and well worth
a voyage thithtr. The principal cra
ter, some 16,000 feef long and 9,000
to 10,000 feet wide, is constantly-
belching forth smoke, steam and flame,
and occasionally throws up vast rocks,
while the lava pours down the sides
of the mountains, nearly 14,000 fett
high, in broad streams.
Some of the eruptions have lasted
thirteen months, and it is thought that
the present one will be fully as
long, for it has steadily augmented
from the outset. It has been com
pared with the action of 1859, when
the three new caters were opened on
the side of the mountan, the loftiest
being ten thousand feet above sea lev
el, though the two lower were the
most violent. From one of these
rose a column of liquid firefive hun
dred feet high. There are now six
craters active, and it is said that the
chief one throws out occasionally a
stupendous mass of fhmcsix hundred
feet in altitude. Several of lire rivers
of lava are five or six milfs wide, and
these actually form cascades, and in
some instances are so voluminous as
to run up hill. The lava has also
forced its way through subterranean
outlets, aud tumbled with a hissing,
roaring sound into the sea.
Mauna Loa has been far more en
ergetic of late years than it used to be,
and is now distinguishing itself uni
versally. Some of the lava beds -are
enormous. The lava streams frequent-
cool on top, and when new lava is
added the crust breaks with loud
explosions. Considerable uneasiness
is felt among residents of Honolulu
lest tboir dwellings be destroyed, and
the opinion is generally expressed
that in no volcano on the globe have
finer natural pyrotechnics been seen
than now are there.
We are pleased with the subjoined
criticism of Mr. Best from the Char
lotte Observer. We think it just and
There is with us, and should be,
we conceive, throughout the Slate, 110
disposition to laugh at Mr. Best. He
has unquestionably done the State
some service and bis worst enemies
have yet been unable to show that his
purposes wereTiot sincere, (hough his
methods have not been such as to ex
empt him from criticism. It may
prove, and is indeed now very likely
to prove true, that he will not beabte
to realize the ardent hope with which
he closed, amid rapturous applause,
his sjHjech before , the Legislature in
188, namely : "To carry them across
t!ie Blue Ridge to Paint Rock and
Pin-con River," but there is nothing
to show that his -desire to do so was
not genuine and his faith implicit If
he has failed through adverse circum
stances of becoming the chief instru
ment in accomplishing this great work
for the State, he is nevertheless an es
sential element in the forces that will
accomplish it. The Richmond & Dai
Tille company could never have got
ten the road from the State on ac
count of prejudices which theif undoubtedly-
existed aud which need not
be analircd j or criticized here, Mr.
Best, then, accomplished what th
Richmond t Danville road could not
uo, and now they in turn promise to
do what Mr. Best . could not accom
plish. When, therefore, the road ha
b-en completed and the celebration of
tlie event Js at its higliest, we hope to
vote for a resolution thanking Uf
Best for his efforts in helDi'm? tho
State to build a railroad which she "
confessedly was not herself able, to
build, and which must in any event
prove an advantage to her.
Currying the war UiVo Africa,
How Vie Democratic Senators are' Pro-1"
cceding to dotliis.
Cor. Baltimore Sun.
Washington, April 11. Two no
table speeches were made in the Sen
ate to-day, one by Mr. Call, of Fieri-
da, and the other by Mr. Vest, of i!
auissouri. uotn these Senators carried
the war into Africa. Mr. Call took as-
lis text the cry for a fir baHot antt
an honestfeount, impartial suffrage,
&c, charges upon which Ira ve been
made with so much iteration anA m.
leration by .Republican Senators, and
more especially by those from New En-
and. He reviewed the laws and regu
ations concerning the elective fran
chise iu the three States of Massachu- .
setts, Rhode Island and Connecticut,
and showed what is already gener
ally known, but seems somehow or'
other to have been lost sight of, that
such a thing as impartiaF suffrage or
a fair ballot is not in existence in
cither of those Commonwealthsr By
the laws of all these States thousands
and thousands of men, white, not
black, are absolutely disfranchised,and
in Massachusetts, as Mr. Cal Exhibi
ted on the most irrefutable evidence,
a system -of espoinage and terrorism
over the voter is exercised by employ
ers winch has no parallel even in the
wild romances fabricated by tbe out
rage shriekers about the South. As to
the disfranchisement of voters, if the .
40,000 or more colored voters of the
State of Maryland who exercise the
right to deposit-on every electionTday
their votes without let or hindrance
for the Republican candidates should
emigrate in a body to the Republican
State of Massachusetts, not 4,000 of
them would be permitted to vote un- '
der its laws. As to the State pf 'Con
necticut, there never was such a tra
versty on popular government arit
presents. Mr. Call, in the course of
his speech to-day, touched upon the
representation in the popular branch
of the Legislature, and read from thoT"
apportionment system, showing that
towns ami cities of from twenty to
forty thousand population were only 1
allowed the same membership as
towns of five hundred to one thou
sand population. Mr. Call-omitted to
mention that the large towns are
generally Democrat icjL while the small
ones arc Republican. It is abotat time
that the New England Senators were
reminded that they should take the
beam out of their own eyes before un
dertaking to remove the. mote from
the eyes of others. It would be much
better if they would take their new
ally,' Mr. Maltone, up n their own.
.section, and inaugurate the crusade
there, where it is most neededJbr a
free ballot and an honest count. Mr.
Vest mado both an eloquent and an
argumentative speech. In reply to the
assertion of Senator Sherman, a few
-davs ago that no Republican commu
nity had ever repudiated, he gave a
concise but graphic account of the
$5,000,000 indebtedness deliberately
repudiated by the Republican State of
Minnesota, without one shadow of
justification, and also cited the numer
ous instances of repudiation by Re
publican countifs and townships i i
the northwest. Mr. Sherman was un- e
able to make any adequate reply to
this shewing but be was much more -taken
aback when Mr. Vest, quoting
from the official correspondence of -the
Treasury Department,showel that
only eighteen months ago Mr. Sher
man had laid down the rule that anyr j
federal official in Virginia, found act- .
in with therepudiationistsorMahone
party would be removed
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