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I f - ' :
Ine barolma Watchman.
J . I -
ffOLXiVpTHIW) SERIES 1 SALISBURY. N. C, SEPTEMBEK 13, 1883.
f v" j - . AVW
The Carolina Watchman,
ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 18S2.
-iICEj$1.50 IS ADVANCE.
CHOLEB A !
tlowerfiil Antiseptic known.
yl pBSyENT TEE CHOLEfcA,
The aiort power Anti
septic agent which chem
istry a an prouucea.
Its use either Internal
ly or Kxternally renders
rail It comes in contact
with, wire, tireet and clean
. i; nmlunl Inn if rlio
. :.,j.b, t nai ih.'hj - -"--
1 lntk(iu'W by: patient recovers
Btfttf.--it!vHTriufAL: When used on Ulcers,
"I . - .. . . Ustuvu PulT fc AIM
sweetens the pnrts and
hdiiicsxciierate romotes the rapid form-
.noil au4 "'I t"Huion ot healthy Kl
hl h), nowjdevastutlns:
S. Kist a adraiiclng
UJC snaaw- w
Its exposure In a glck-
TrrtoiD KXvkk, cellar. Stable ou-
ssaix Pox, Ms' rllles the atmosphere and
ow kkvkr. Krysiii-as, dfjves away the sermsof
Motion ijer Takpn mternally It
SfiSlB ume and healthy vigor,
fro- contagion 1B,,iu,, ,a KiM thst M. n-. n-
o'. W,,esfl i st ion and Dyspepsia.
V SllUWlU"" V1P " -
wiienused as a lotion
All tkre dii
ia-w ,riti 6 it destroys all Freckle and
'W.' ( Blotch-pnKluclng gerins.
n .Liro'uitu "'""'4 white and transparent as
. ..),,,, iterm Im vlntr the
Zrf. ..rii'i. Both of that ol a little chiia.
Ihwc rwultil are ar,r.-
-l.-.U Kir th 11SP Of Pltlf
harhT's prariitH of jt renders all it
of Boraclc Aid ana .iu. Bmea :
""Cw-i I with pure and
lift n.n i o
permit us to name many of the
i this rtfat (;erm-destroyer Is applica
ble. Ask voir Drus'ilst for printed matter descrip
tive ofjts itsulnessor address
4 H. ZEILIN & CO.,
St Chenist, PHILADELPHIA.
frBottSs. Pint Bottles, $1.00.
I . . - -
; 1 1'
I - 1
AS WELL ASfTHE INTEREST OF
R S. Crawford, of the firm of
R.R. CRAWFORD & CO..
V ar now prepared to supply oui
XI - I
customed with Jl kinds of
In atftiltiou to the
test Selected Stock ot
MID ;V A It E in the
A T E.
lifle ana Blasting Powder
nl sffull linj ot Mining Supplies.
IllSlf . S. A fc.
wpava Any Prices m
T ihll i The weather
f ' Tlu au excellent srarden. corner
it i ...
' "WW :mi Fisher BmI&
I T Destroys I
I - the f
I - nf Disease
.r h e
ii - &
I ukiiown Heroes.
We see them and we
So plain in garb and
are they :
So-slowly is their thaukl
We lienr not what they
And jet for weary months aud years,
Without a tnurmur, plaint or cry,
Thouftiiids who eat their bread in tears
To daily duty pans us by.
A sickly mother wan and worn,
Bereft of cheerfnlness and light,
From long-for rt't and joy is torn,
To work from early morn till night.
To steal one hour from dreary fate,
t Oc falter in the hardest tasks,
Would make some home disconsolate,
And so bo peace or joy she asks.
A little child, faint with its fears
A girl, untimely old and graiy
A man bent down by weight of years
All brarely go their bitter way.
We see them and we know them not.
So plain in garb aud tnein are they ;
So lowly in their thankless lot,
We hear not wha they do or say.
Heroes unknown thnugh weary years
They make no sign of outward cry,
But eat their bread with bitter tears
And we, in silence, pass them by.
The Scfe'eme of Perjury by Which
the National Treasury has
f been Robbed.
The systematic robbery of ex-soldiers
and pensioners by claim agent
harpies resident iu Washington is
more extensive ami far reaching than
has generally been supposed. Every
day since the first exposure ot the
Fitzgerald gang additional facts have
come to light illustrative of theswind-
ng methods, lhe fee-and-expense-
n-advauce system of exhortation ap-
pears to Have been the favorite
scheme and it was worked for all it
was worth. To carry this out most
ngeniously worded circulars are sent
broadcast among the ex-soldiers, and
every inducement is offered to .make
some sort of a claim against the gov
ernment. Nine out of ten of these
casescould not stand a minute's ex-
tmination in the Pension Office. It is
not an exaggeration to say with the
ormer Commissioner of Pensions that
one of every five claims which went
hrough was fraudulent. Ihis is be
ginning to be found out. A Pension
Omce omcial saws there is no reasona
ble doubt but that more money has
een fraudulently abstracted from the
Freasury iu one year on false claims
than was obtained by the Star route
ring in the same time and about
which the country has heard so much.
A hundred million of dollars in a
single year formed a tempting prize to
the pensu n agents ring, and oat of it
the ring must have got upwards of
ten millions, their - particular portion
being in fees and expenses.
Claims by the hundred and by the
housandsare made up in Washing
ton and sent ready-made to the tx
soldiers for signature and oath. Many
men art found teo honest to pciiure
hcmselves thus, but the temptation
ffercd, several thousand dollars in a
lump if the case went through, is too
great in most cases to be resisted.
The more squeamish are urged by
letters and circulars to sign and
swear and forward, yjne oi tnesc
circulars from N. W. Fitzgearald &
Co., dated April 26, 1883, addressed
"Friend and Client," says it is some
tune since the claim was made up,
and urges that it be signed, sworn to
and returned immediately.
"Millions of money, it says, "have
been appropriated, and we can file
your claim and secure to you tne
benefit of the recent enactment.
Another circular says the cases of
those who pay their fees in advance
will be made special by the de
triment. Every effort is ;made
to get hold of that fee. This system
of wholesale penury is believed to
have been carried on. to a greater
extent tban has ever yet been
The N. Y. irorW.- The Republican
party has outlived its mission. It has
disposed of all its prominent candi
dates. Grant is dead. Hayes is dead.
Garfield is dead. Blaine has gone in
to literature. Conk I ing has been set
aside, so has Brtstow. Windom has
failed in the attempt to build up a
new Stock Exchange and gone to Eu
rop"e. Sherman has been outwitted
by Foster. Cameron has, in political
parlance, "lost his grip." Colfax died
of Credit Mobilier. All all are gone.
The "stall fed ox" still eats at the
public crib, but torpidity simulates
death. The hope that the Republican
party may find new issues and still
live cannot be realized.
However things may seem, no
evil thing is a success, and no good
thing is a failure.
A friend cannot be known in pros
perity, and an enemy cannot be hid
These two things contradictory as they
may seem must go together manly de
pendence aud manly independence, man
ly reliance aud manly self-reliance.
The Republican Party ami the
Bufislo Courier (Dem.)
At tie time since the second election
of Gen. Grant has the Republican
party enjoyed the confidence of the
nation. At no time during these ma
ny years has it been supported by a
majority of the voters of the country.
Five Houses of Representatives have
been elected within the last ten years;
only in one of these five the Republi
cans secured a majority of the mem
bers a majority so slender that at
one time it was doubtful whether
they could organize (he House with
out outside help. In one of the two
last Presidential elections the Repub
lican party was defeated, but by un
precedented frauds retai tided" the po
sition of power which the people had
denied to it. while the last Presiden
tial election was carried by wholesale
corruption, lhe feeling of a majori
ty of the uation toward that party is
not merely one of distrust, but it is a
feeling of utter disgust.
Gold from Peruvian Rivers.
. The whole of the Chucamba (Peru)
says a correspondent in Iron, for a
number of leagues above and below
the Temple of the Sun, is auriferous, j
and the iuhabitants of the province of
11 name lies, through which it parses,
obtain bynvashing the sand, and by
means of sheepskins, 200,000 or
$300,000 worth of gold annually.
The wool on the skin is cut out until ,
it is about halt an inch in lentrth. '
lhe skins are then anchored down, ;
with the wool side up, by means of!
loose stones placed on them, iu and
i i .i 1 i . .
uciwyy me Ntiiiuiis repiup, iu which
position they are suffered to remain
from 6 to 24 hours. They are then
raised carefully out of the water, turn
ed wool side downward into a batea
(tub) of water, and thoroughly wash
ed : the gold falling from the wool of
the skin is finally collect from the
bottom of the batea. Sheep were uu- j
known to the Incas, and as they had j
obtained an immense amount of gold
from this Pactolean stream, it is pre-!
sumed that they used the skins of the .
1 lama, ( Camelus lacina of Lin nauis) and j
those of the vicuna ! Camelus peruanus
or vicuyna. of Li unpens). The above .
will not on r be oi interest to tneen-
eral reader, but will also
. . O
wrinkle to gold miners similarly situ
aj.., AUgii IO.-UUHCH, run c(1 trom pUoiie not icc. Her old time
River, Willimantic and Manchester are ' shrewdness seemed to disappear and
communities of spinners; Waterbury, in ' j a few months she lost nearly all
Connecticut, has been built up by brass; ' that she had spent her life in aeqnir
its neighbor, Thomaston, by clocks, and ig. Her properties on Cherry street
Meriden by silver plate. Nearly all the ) Weri gradually encumbered' with
T If ma 1 . 1J T 11 LV.11
glove product ef the country comes from
two little towns iu New York Covers-
ville and Johnstown. Lynn is devoted
to shoes. Three huudred and thirty fac-
toiies, twenty-five churches solid brick '
and stone aud homes of nearly forty 1
thousand people owo their existouco to
this industry. Ladies1 Hue shoes are al-
most the only produce of these factories,
A walk through the factories shows the
most perfect system and the most im-
,.1 - - o -
proved machinery. The shoe begins in ( ol the institution with the remark that
the basement, and the work is continued she had come to stay. The gatekeep
iu the different departmeuts until iu the er was surprised and refused to believe
upper story the finished product appeals her statement. "It is true," she said,
lhe first step shown the visitor is the and pulling out a card of admission
cutting out of the sole, done by dies iu signed by Guardian Chambers she
huge power presses. In the next story
men at benches are cutting out the up-
peis by hand, calfskin not working well
iu presses by reason of its unequal thick-
aess. Iu the stories above scores of ma -
chines, tended some by girls aud others
by men, are sewing soles to the uppers,
sewing in linings, putting iu eyelets,
forming, burnishing, and polishing with
almost human intelligence. With such
appliances one would suppose that these
shrewd manufacturers might capture the
world's markets; but I learned that noue
of their goods are sent out of the United
States, although they go everywhere in
it except at home, dealers in the imme
diate vicinity ordering their goods in Bos
ton. A company of eminent chemists have
been analyzing lard tamples before the
Chicago Board of Trade with a result not
eminently satisfactory. Perfectly pure
lard, prepared under a guard, they anal
yzed and tested aud looked wise over,
and then prounouueed it to be cotten
seed oil and tallow. And the samples
that were adulterated they united in de
claring perfectly pure. In such a case
is it proper to jeer at the chemists, or to
be enthusiastic over this new feat of prac
tical science in finding a substitute for
lard that is better than the lard iisslf.
A Boston press dispatch informs us
that in the Industrial Exposition uow
being held there North Carolina
makes the best exhibit of any single
State outside of Massachusetts.
The crowning fortune of a man is to be
borne to some pursuit which finds him in
employment aud happiness whether if
be to make baskets, or broadswords, or
caudles, or statues, or songs.
A Notorious Chamcler Gone.
Death of Emma Jacobs in the Alms
1 loose, After a Long Career of
There died iu the hospital of the
almshouse yesterday a woman who
was known on the register as "Emma
Thompson," but whose career a quar
ter of a century ago, under the name
of "Emma Jacobs," bad a national
notoriety. She was born in Lancas
ter county over seventy years ago.
Her life in Philadelphia Jegan at an
early age aud it was in this city that
she started her remarkable career".
Her powers of fascination were mar
velous, and soma of the most promi
uent men in the country vied with
each other to win her smile aud favor.
The amounts of money she received
from these men aggregated thousands
of dollars a year. Her beauty it is said .
by those who remember her in her best
days to have been of a type that com- j
pel.eu admiration from all who saw
her, and Daniel Webster said of her :
"She has the most perfect carriage of
any women I have ever seen."
She rapidly acquired wealth and
built several houses in what is now
Bryan's court, a little street running
off from Cherry, between Seventh anil
Eighth. The houses she rented and
by reinvesting the income her means
increased until at one time her proper
ty was valued at $60,000, a large sum
iu those days. The corner house she
occupied herself. Here she held court
lor gentlemen of leisure as well UM
lawyers and men of letters, her house
being the resort at times lor some of
the brightest intellects in the country. '
ii i-1 ? . ;
imo viugress was in session it was
her custom to go to Washington and
it was there that some of her most re-
markable conquest occurred. She is
l.i l.i.. ,
said to have completely fascinated at
least one i resident ot the United
States and nearly all the leading men
in Washington from 1850 to 'GO made
her rooms a rendezvous. So great was
her influence over the members of
Congress that her value as a lobbyist
was known to corporations and imii-
vidnals, aud many important bills
were passed through her instrument- '
ality. Probably the only man who'
ever won her affections was a preacher
nanteu xiiouiuson. a Virmmnn. w mm '
. . . '
she married. Thompson afterwards
lost his reason and was placed in the
insane ward of the almshouse, where!
he died three years ago. Previous to
this event Mrs. Thompson's charms
began to fade and she had diumiMnr-
1 . ... . . '
mortgages and, finally losing them,
s)e became absolutely in want. Du- !
ring Thompson's incarceration in the
madhouse his wife visited him nearly
every visiting day, constantly supply-
ing him delicacies. Her face was
well known to the officials of the in-
Ktitution and she was supposed to be
worth considerable money.
I On the 28lh day of November 1881
she presented herself at the tratewav
handed it to the man and burst into
' tears. She left enough money to nay
' for her funeral expenses and will be
W mf S
j buried by William S. Moore, proba
, bly on Thursday.
Instead of offering a harbor of
refuge to the oppressed of all nations
this country is just now placed in
the attitude of refusing justice to
those who are within its jurisdiction.
Twenty-four Chinamen, now on board
a vessel in tins port, who complain
! . t I I
! of ill-treatment, are refused the priv
ileffe of landing to seek redress in
our courts. For the., credit of the
country we trust that it may be shown
that our laws will not bear such a
construction. A. Y. Tribune.
Man cannot dream himself into a
noble character, he must achieve it
by diligent effort.
Let friendship creep gently to a
height ; if it rush to it, it may soon
run itstlf out of breath.
To enjoy a good thing exclusively
is very often to exclude yourself from
the true enjoyment of it.
Men are born with two eyes, but
with one tongue, in order that they
should see twice as much as they
The pleasantcst things in the
world are pleasant thoughts, and the
greatest art in life is to have as many
of them as possible.
It has been found that copper exists in
all plauta and especially in wheat. It
doss ust, therefore, prove that bread is
' adulterated because traces of eoper are
detected iu it,
North Carolina's Precious Stones.
We have just been shown a lot of jewel
stone's, by Dr. C. D. Smith, which he
has collected iu the counties west ef the
Bfase Ridge. He has had them hand
somely and tastefully cut by an experi
enced lapidary in Philadelphia. Amongst
them are nine beautiful and richly color
ed garnets, the largest of which weigh
forty -two grains. There are twe naie
thysts, of rare richness iu color, three
grfen qnartx found only iu Macon. We
have been particularly struck with the
subdued beauty of two stones, of a -honey
colored chalcedony. The is also a beryl
ot great purity aad brilliancy. Bat that
which is the most attractive in the whole
lot are eleven sapphires of different shades
of color and design in the form ef cut
ting. Amongst them are two rubies, gen-
uine oriental rubies, of light shade but
great brilliancy. The lapidary who cut
whole lot says in a letter to Dr
Smith : "The sapphires are about the
host I have cut of stones found in this
1 ho Ladies' Sanitary association, of
London, gives the following simple rules
for keepiug health, which we fiud copied
in the Sanitarian :
A s soon as yon are up shake blanket
and sheet ;
B etter bo without shoes than sit with
wet feet ;
C hildren, if healthy, are active, not
D amp beds and damp cloths will both
make you ill
T n f wlmt'l - miil nltrora iliatv rone 4'.wl
F :reshen the air iu the house where you
G arments must uever be made too
11 omes should be healthy airy aad
I-f wel1' ns ou
jut open tbo windows before
K ecp the rooms always tidy and clean;
L et dust on the furniture nerer be
M uch Hluess is caused by the want of
N ow, to opeu the windows be ever your
O Id rags and old rubbish should never
be kept ; -
P-eople should see that their floors are
well swept ;
Q aick movements iu children are heal
T .......... i.,... t-
1 ZZL "UK "nu "
S es that the cistern
is clean to the
ake eare that your
dress is all tidr
and trim ;
se your nose to find if there be a bad
V cry sad are the fevers that come in
its train ;
VV alk as much as you can without feel
ing fatigue ;
X erxes could walk full many a leange.
Y our health is your wealth, which your
wisdom must keep ;
Z eal will help a good cause, and the
good you will reap.
t " m .m
English millionaires are buyi
j "I Vacant lantl in the West at a
' raP rate Sir Edward Reed, M. P.,
I ow,,s ."OU,JUO acres ; the Duke ot
1 c . . i . ..! .. .. . i Afr Ann . f l t .
,B,,l,i wv,vw , uimvunnioic
j 10,000, and Lord Dunraven, G0-,
00- Lo,uloQ syndicates have also
maae uirS purcnas.es. And sun tney
It is announced that Lord
Queensbury is negotiating for an ex
tensive tract of land in Texas. Jour
Among the lower races the belief that
the world was created by animals is id
most universal, but there is a great va
riety of belief as to what the animal was.
Iu West Africa, spiders srs supposed to
be the makers of the world ; the North
American Indians ascribe the work to
ravens, coyotes or dogs ; the Australians
to crows and cockatoes.
A man's ruling passion is the key to
his character. .
Love, like charity, covers a maltitmh
If you count the sunny and cloudy days
of the whole vear vou will fiud that the
sunny ones predominate.
The grave is a verry small hillock,
but we can see further from it than from
the highest mountain in all the world.
Speaking much is a sign of vanity,
for he that is lavish iu words is a nig
gard in deed.
When you fret and fume at the ietty
ills of life, remember that the wheels
which go rouud without creaking last
Let us have faith that right makes
might, aud in that faith let us to the
end dare to do our duty as ws understand
It is not until we have passed through
the furnace that we are made to know
how much dross there is in oar composi
tion. The hope of onr national perpetoity
rests npon the individual freedom which
shall forever keep up the circuit ef per
We do not have great trials aud sharp
agonies and heroic worksto do every day.
It is very small strokes that make the
,000,000 POUNDS OF
....... - i
KLUTTZ & RENDLEMAN'S!
They have just received a new supply of SUMMER GOODS, which they offer very
cheap, with a full assortment of
Dry Goods, Notions, ClothinS, Furnishing Goods,
Their Stock of Family Groceries is large and complete. They still have the best
Flour, Oat Meal. Heats, Sugars, Teas, Coffee?, Rice, Meal, Bran, Shorts.
New Orleans Molasses, Syrups, Pure Lard &c.
A full assortment of Family Medicines. FRUIT JARS cheap and all kinds.
Table and Glassware, A Good Stock.
btill have a plenty of Five Cents Tinware.
sell, tor we will do vou good.
July 4th, 1883.
School Rooks Full Stock, lowest price?.
Writing Paper, Pens and Pencils.
Envelops, Visiting Cards.
Seaside Novels and Monroe's Library.
Blank Books, Gold Pens.
Autograph and Photograph Albums.
Wall Paper, Toilet Articles, Perfumery.
Fine Toilet Soap, Combs and Brushes.
Bathing Gloves and Towels.
DIES A SPECIALTY,
TROPICA L FRUITS IN SEA
SON, PICTURES 4L PICTURE
FRAMES, TOYS, DOLLS, VASES AND
GUITARS AND BANJO STUINGS.
SALISBL'ltY, U. C. ly
A Great Water- Power
FOR SALE !
The most extraordinary unimproved
Water Power on the Yadkin River is for
sale at low figures. It i9 situate at the head
of the Narrows in Stanly county, 8 miles
frbm Albemarle, the county scat ; 13 miles
from Gold Hill, and about 28 miles from
Salisbury. It is one mile from the publk
highway leading to Salisbury, from which
road it is easily accessible down to the
water's edge. The peculiar feature of this
property is that it is a natural stone dam
which "makes about a six foot head of
available water. The dam runs at an angle
of about 20 or 25 deg. up the river nearly
all the way across, gradually diminishing
. . . . . . i ......,....
in neigllt as it approaencs me
shore. A race of 400 feet in length will add
trom 12 to 14 additional feet of head, mak
ing the grand pewer of 18 or 20. There is
any quantity of building stone and slate
of excellent quality, on the premises, easily
transported by water.
This excellent power may be used for
GRIST AND FLOURING MILLS,
COTTON & WOOLEN FACTORIES,
REDUCTION MILL FORSULPIIU-
It is conveniently near the mines "f . the following described tract of land, sit
Montgoniery, Stanly, parts of Cabarrns, uated inPranklin towtuhip in Rowan coun-
Bowan and Davidson Counties to make it
a custom mill, lor t lie reduction oi ores.
With the great advantage of being in the
centre of the mining districts named alove.
The ores within easy reach could not be
worked out in a century.
This water power with 10 acres attached
is offerred at $2,500. with the option of
100 acres at $800. The lands are valua
M. fi.r fannin" ruriMscs; the situation
healthy, the society gd, and rhurclt and
school advantages very good. Persons
wishing further information may address
"Watchman," Salisbury, or Mr. J. R. Lit-
tleton, Albemarle. N. C.
Map of place furnished on application.
Agents for Coats' Spool Cotto
ICome and see us before you boy o
W. W. Taylor, c
I). J.Bostiak, f5
J. R. KEE3ST.
Salisbury, N. C.
Apt for PRINIX IRON WORKS,
Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills,
Also, Contractor and Builder.
Ja 45. 83. ljr
THAIS, TIF COil t
Onr Steel ConstanUy EfptaiM
UNDER THE FIRM NAME OP
via nm:n & raoRdtiv.
Wm. J. Plum mrr. long known & the bei
Hume and Saddle Maker whoever did basis
new in Salisbury, -present C4.niplinjent
to old friends and patrons with an invitations
to call and see Id nresent atm-b ..r
Harness, Saddle. Collar, Ac. lie warrants
salisfaetion lo every purchaser of Ni Meek,
and also his repair work. Rait a !,... ..'
good article will admit of. Gall and m
PLUMMER & MORGAN.
In fever ami ague districts, in tropical an-!
othvr reeiona yisilel by Fidt-iuic, m..;
......... in an juruiiucs wut-re lhe CO
ions arc unfavorable to health, thi-t
.(.gic luTigursni ana am raiui
Hos tetter's Stomach Bitters ha brn
found a potent safeguard even V f..;
contitutions and fragile frames, wh 1 s
a care for indigestion, biliousness hi, . fcii--dred
complaints, it Is Without a riv,!
ot sale by all Druggists and Di alcr
lacrosses la popnUrtt
every 4 v, as ladieafiad U
cor' t rvr wen. Mtr
dkaata y !tg1v-thebt
satii.'u'.llc i of aj?y ccrvel
th'y r-,. Wrrf.rt-d
"adtir-r er fr.oacy rc-
J. D.GA&XLL 01:17,
SalW4mrv, N. C.
SALE of LAND!
In pursuance of a judgment of the Supe
rior Court of Rowan county, in t he-special
proceeding of James P. Trexler and C. W.
Stewart, administrator of D. A. Mi tier, vs.
Nancy Miller and others, heirs at-law of the
stud D. A. Miller, wv will seH at public out
cry to the highest ladder, at thcCoutt-houso
door in Salisbury,
On Monday, the 10th of September, 1823,
iv, iieing mm au. , ju i oc ui vision oi ids
lands of Jehu Foster, Sr., and being the lot
assigned to Laura C. Foster, and by her
conveyed to D. A. Miller, by deed dated
4th day of January. 18SL and duly reuj.
tered in Book 62, page ;?;rP. R. office ot
Rowan county, containing One Hundred
and Forty-three acres, more or less.
TERMS of Sale : One-third cash, one third
. t I - A XT.. . .1... J'.. ! . .
in six month-, and tne balance in twe
nioths. Title retained until the purchase
money is paid, and interest charged upon
deferred payments at the rate of eight per
gent, per annum.
J jAs. P. Trkxi.kr & C. W: Stkwart.
I Adtn ra
Dated AugVt .9th, 18S3.-4;i:4t
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