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A Home Newspaper Published in the Interest of the Peoplaand for Honesty indGfovernmental Affairs.
Vol. V. No. 4.
Salisbury, N. O., Tuesday, Nqvember. 23rd, 1909.
Wm, h. Stewart, Editor
ir Hi ii
AMERICANS EXECUTED IN NICARAGUA.
Fife Hundred Alleged Smympatblzeis
Wish Reyoiutionists Round Up And Shot,
New Orleans, Nov. 13. A Pan
ama cable states passengers from
Nicaragua report a reign of terror
in that oountry.
Govereumeut troops are round
ing up persons suspected of sym
pathy with the revolutionists,
executing them without trial.
Five hundred were thus sum
Woman sympathizers of Revlu
tionista were subjected to horrible
indignities and outraged.
Nicaraguan refugees declare it
is time for civilized powers to
Washington, Nov. 18. Two
Americans, discovered in the
revolutionary army in Nicaragua;
have been captured and sentenced
to death by President Zelaya.
The state department advices
indicate that the men were excus
ed. Two American war vessels have
been ordered to proceed with all
haste to Nicarugua.
The meeting between the new
Nicaraguan miuister and Presi
dent Talt has been indefinitely
Prtsident Taft was so incensed
when informed about the execu
tion of two Americans with the
revolutionists army in Nicaragua
that he imnfediately announced
that he would have no communi
cation whatever with Isadoro
Hazara, the new Nicaraguan min
ister here. The names of the
American Zalaya sentenced to
death are Leonard Grace and Le
The cruiser Vicksburg was order
ed to proceed hastily to Oorinto.
The gunboat Des Moines will pro
ceed to Port Limon to observe the
situation by wireless to Washing
ton. News of the caDture of the men
came from the American consulate
at Mauagua. It stated the cap
ture was followed immediately by
the death sentence. The consul
appealed in vain to President
Zalaya in behalf of the men.
Zalaya replied, "Then sentence
is final." Late advices to the
state department are to the effect
that the men were executed .
Upon this infomation Secretary
of State Knox asked Secretary of
the Navy Newberry to order the
Vicksburg to proceed to Corinto
to protect Americans and Amer:
The Des Moines is now at Colon,
150 miles from Port Limon. It
will reach there iu ten hours.
The Vicksburg is cruising on the
Pacific coast and is scheduled to
reach Corinto, a distance of 200
miles within 10 hours.
Th'j execution of the men is be
lieved to have taken place nearEi
Costillo, in the immediate vicinity
The brutality of the Nicaraguan
government in ordering the execu
tion of these Atmricaus, without
trial, will likely result in this
government taking drastic meas
ures to repetition.
Officials intimate President
Zalaya will bo held strictly ac
countable for his action.
A Much Named Family.
A colored woman of Concord,
says The Times, Carrie Jane Pja,
has had born to her 13 children,
8 of whom are dead. Tne names
of tho five living ones aro:
John Willie Wade Warren Part
Jake Lawson Blackwelder E!-
Samuel Eldridge Lawyer Braw-
General Washington Jim Jones
Sarah Elizabeth Stephens John
The only wonder is that auy of
them are living with such names
as these hung to them.
Why gt np in the morning feel
Worry others and worry yoo ;
Here s a secret Detween you and
Better take Rocky Mountasn
Tea. Cornelison & Cook,
WHEN PRISONERS SHIYEREO.
Dr. McCorkle of Iredell Amended the Law
So as 10 Allow Fires In Jail.
It was the old notion that any
thing was too good for alleged or
convicted criminals and the more
severe the bodily torture the bet
ter it waB for them . It was this
condition which stirred the heart
of John Howard till he aroused
England and brought about the
prison reforms which have beeD
adopted in all civilized land?.
Bat not until 1879 was a fire al
lowed in the felon's cell of a
North Carolina jail.
A few weeks ag3 there died in
Salisbury a lady, Mies Sallie Mc
Corkle who was the oldest daugh
ter of that chivalrous gentleman
and brilliant lawyrr, the late Col.
J. M. McCorkle of Salisbury. She
was a lr.dy whose tender heart
went out in sympathy to all who
were in distress.
In 1878 her uucle, the late Dr.
J. R. McCorkle, represented Ire
dell in the Legislature, and on a
bittei cold December day went to
Salisbury on his way to Ealeigh
to attend the session of the Legis
lature, and spent that night with
his brother in Salisbury.
Miss Sallie had that evening
been to the jail to carry food to a
sick prisoner and upon her return
home said: ''Uncle John, yen
can wll serve the poor and help
less when you go to Raleigh by
having the law repealed which
prohibits fires in jails." He was
surprised to know that such a law
existed to so recent a date or that
this good lady was instrumental
in the enactment of a law for a
more humane system of treatment
This history should be preserved
and her memory reyered by those
who are so unfortunate as to be
prisoners and all others who have
hearts in sympathy with human
sufferers. No doubt whon she
Pa8ed into the J0 heard
the commendation. "I was sick
and in prison and ye visited me."
She was a cultured gentlewoman
and made this world a better one
by passing through Jjit. North
Carolina Christian Advocate,
Hiram Elliott and Daniel Coble Sent to Jail
Greensboro, N. J., Nov. 18.
Justice Collins, after the conclu
sion of evidence and argument of
counsel committed Hiram Elliott
and Daniel Coble to jail without
bail for the alleged murder of
Daniel Coble's cross-examination
broke the old man all 60 pie
ces and cinched a case against
Denying yesterday that shoes
and overalls produced with siops
on them were his, Cobie tma
morning admitted they were, but
said thy slops on them came from
a mixture he daily prepared for
hogs at home.
Denying complicity in the mur
der of his son, he frankly stated
he knew who killed him and when
pressed by the prosecution to
name the man, under' strong ob
ections from his and Elliott's
counsel, was directed by the mag
istrate to answer ai.d replied
Hiram Elliott, sitting there did
Beyond several witntsafis prov
ing good character for Daniel Co
ble, no other evidence was pres
ented by the defense and argu
The theory of the defense is
that Coble was killed at t e still
by the principal state's witness
who carried the bodv near El
liott's houBe and threw it in the
pulley to fix the crime on Elliott.
c -m- m
Kills Her Foe Of 20 Years.
"The most merciless wiemy I
had for 20 years," declares Mrs.
James Duncan, of Hayuesville,
Me., "waB Dyspepbia. I suffered
intensely after eating or drinking
ana couia scarcely sleep. After
many remedies had failed and sev
eral doctors gave me up, I tried
Electric Bitters, which cured me
completely. Now I can eat any
thing. I am 70 years old and am
overjoyed to get my health and
strength back again." For Indi-
gestiou, Loss of Appetite, Kidney
Trouble, Lame Back, Female
Complaints, it's unequaled. Onlv
r- f Alt T
rue at an aruggists.
UST ORDEAL IN THE GREAT DISASTER.
Willing ttf Die Id an Effort to Reach Three
Hundred Entombed Men.
Cherry, 111., Nov. 18. uWe are
going down into that mine today.
We will conquer it or it will con
quer us. Unless we succeed will
nevef come out alive,"
A cry of Cherry's desperate
widows and orphans, "Open the
shaft, open the shaft," brought
this declaration from-State Min
ing Inspector Taylor this morning,
and their appeal will be heeded if
human lives are sacrificed to
reclaim to bereaved hundreds their
mine entcmbed dead.
With dawn th re has risen over
the air shaft at St Paul's muie a
heavy structure of wooden beams
to support the I urden of grap
pling tackle tto he lowered into
the foreboding depths.
Women many of them almost
insane from tho grief that has
consumed them for five days,
reached the desolate scenes before
"They are going down to get
the poor fellows today," they were
"Oh, why don't they hurry,"
was the unanimous appeal.
"TVhy don't they hurry before
it is too late?"
Under the direction of mining
inspectors hazardous effort will be
made to satisfy the frenzied cries
of the bereaved woman,
They will "hurry," braving
dangers, dbadly poison9, noxiouB
gases, explosions and the ever
present probability of collapse of
the fire charred galleries.
Preliminary exploration " of
experts showed encouraging con
ditions. Experts determined to
take advantage of low tempera
ture at the bottom of the emer
They decided to reinforce the
airahaft by erecting a scaffold,
attaching the hoisting apparatus
and tdexptore as f at as hum an
It is proposed to lower two men
armored with oxygen helmets and
penetrate the gallaries to vard the
If bodies are encountered they
will be fastened to grappling
tackle and raised.
Investigation revealed less
smoke and gas at the bottom of
the Bhaft and decreased temper
ature. Mining inspectors of many-
states are on the scene and give
the opinion that the fire is still
raging; their conviction i9 that
the mine mnat be sealed.
Illinois inspectors, realizing thn
fury that such an action would
arouse among the afflicted citizens
insisted that a laBt effort be made
to reach the dead.
ine temperature ot tne ms in
shaft is now 109.
"There s no halting now, said
Inspector Taylor, preparing for
the final ordeal of the great die-
We are going to fight that
mine. If successful we will be
able to recover the bodies, if not
" Here the old man who has
served his life time beneath the
earth, waved his hand emphasiz
ing the fate which might await
him and his colleagues .
W. H. Wetmore of Gresnsboro Dead.
A Greensboro special o the
Charlotte Obserber, says "W H.
wetmore, ior a numoeroi years a
well-known cifcizwn of Greeusboro,
died at his home on Arlington
street at an early hour Mouday
morning, aeatn oeing aue to an
attack of acute indigestion and
heart trouble. He was in his
U9al health when he retired Sun
'Mr. W etmore was a' Out 55
years old and is survived by a
widow and several children. He
was engaged for a number of years
in the work of an expert account
ant of the Dixie Fire Insurance
Company. He as a member of
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church."
Mr Wetmore was originally
from Rowan county, was a son of
the late Rev. Geo. B. Wetmore,
. 1 , ....... :
wno so long and taittully served
the Episcopal congregation in!
western Rowan, the father of Miss quent carriers of tuberculosis.
Annie Wetmore. who has taught I j
severarterms in the Salisbury ! According to testimony recently
Graded School, and is a brother' 8iven before the P081 Commis
of Geo. Wetmore, of Woodleaf, ' sioner of the British Empire,
Some Very Interesting Points , Concerning
the Reapers Most Popular Weapon.
In Germany there are publio
sanatoria for adult consumptives
with 10,539 beds, bedsides 36 pri
vate sanatoria with 2,175 beds.
In 18 sanatoria for children with
tuberculosis there are 837 beds,
a total of less than 13,000 beds.
In the United States fhere are
over 300 sanitaria with of er 15,000
beds, showing that this cpuntry is
in the lead in the AutiTuber:u
lasis war. France hasi only 12
sanatoria for adult consumptives,
with a total capacity olpM8 beds.
All of these institutions fare pri
vate except the sanatorium at
The United government operates'
three tuberculosis eanitpriums'
one for soldiers and officers of the
regular army at Fort Bayard, N.
M. ; one for seamen iu .he mer
chant marine, and othorj, employ
id iu coast Bervico of thf , govern
ment, not in the navy ati'Las Ani
mas, Col. The first hospital is
conducted by the department of
War; the second by the United
States Public Health arid Marine
H spital Service, and fhe latter
by the Navy Department
On the basis of 150,001) deaths
yearly from tuberculosis, in the
United States the National Asso
ciation fvr the Studyaud Pre
vention of Tuberculosis -computes
that there are 684 934 persons con
staLtly sick with this disease.
Allowing only $500 as the "average
eirmugs of the workingman who
dies, the annual loss to the coun
try from the ranks of labor alone,
is o?er $114,000,000 eaoh year.
Prof. Karl Pearson's theory
that the first-born children of a
marriage are more likely to fall
victims to consumption! than the
latter-born offspring has been
freshly tested by -Pro. Vander
Valden of raukftray'materi
al furnished by Prof. Riffell of
ivarisrune, wno snows irom an
investigation of 2,500 families
the fourth, fifth and sixth child
ren are more liable to die of tub
erculosis, than are the first, second
and third .
That poverty is a frnn to con
suniptkn is demonstrated by some
recent German statistics, which
show that of 10,000 well-to-do
DersouF. 40 annually dip of con
sumption ; of tne small number
only moderatelv well-to-do, 66;
of the sam- number really poor,
77; and of paupers, 97. Accord
ing to John Burns the famous
English iabor leader, 90 per cent.
of the coi sumptives in London
receive chariatable relief in their
According to United States Con
sular reportr, tho tuberculosis
death rate is twice as large in
Syria and Turkey as it is in the
United States, There is only one
special hospital for this disease
in the entire Ottoman Emp:re.
National Anti-Tuberculosis As
sociations have recently been
formed in Russia and Greec.;
Similar prganizations are now in
existance in the United States,
England, Germauy, Sweden, Swit
yeiland, Hungary, Italy and
Dr, Beitil'on,the eminent French
vital statistician, has shown
that tuberculosis is twice as preva
lent among the retail liquor deal
ers of France as among other shop
keepers. He attributes it to the
fact that the alcohol which they
handle and use all dav lone weak
ens their bodins and thus renders
them more susceptible to the dis
Statistics publshed by the Ln
parial Gazette show that iu recent
years there has been a steady
decrease in the number of deaths
inr Garmany frm tuberculosis,
land especially from tabdrculosis
Df the lungs. In Urban centers
th death rate 100,000 fell
t , nnn a . - ' .
irom zzo' in 1Wd 10
Letters and mail-bags are f re-
during the last 20 years, 80
DEATH OF J. R.LITTLETON.
Passes Away at his Home in New London,
After an Illness of Several Weeks.
New London4 N. O., Nov. 16
Sad, in one way, as the death of
the soldier of the legion was ,that
of Jame R.. Littleton, of this
place, Wednesday morning.
Mr. Littleton lived a more or
less lonely lite, with his daughter
Miss EHza. Old-age crept upon
the fine old Southern gentleman,
whitening his head and carving
wrinkles in his brow. Themore's
the pity about all of this, for no
heart ever overflowed more cop
iously with the milk of human
Puluuo" - was a great reser-
voir of human affection and love,
always ready to be lavished, and
which was lavished upon friends,
and many of them; but those of
closer tie were few, and he was the
"last leaf upon the tree.'
The end came to this choice
spirit at his home here. His
daughters, Mrs. John Johnson, of
Kannapolis, N. C and Miss Eli
za, his only uimarried daughter
who lived with him, were at Ins
side when he breathed bis last.
Neither of his brothers or his on-
y Bister, were with him whon the
end came. Thns Hnc. t.rocQri
ww www vAMgwaj
play upon the stage of every, life
far more really than one cn the
stage of ,df ama.
Mr. Littleton, died Wednesday
morning at 1 o'clock. He waB
born near Palestine, Stanly coun
ty, on October 5th, 1835. He has
two brothers and one sister living :
Robert Littleton, of Salisbury,
Westlty Littleton, of near the old
homestead, and Mrs. Martha Dry,
HiB preparatory Rdnp.atirm waft
received in public schools. He
was at one time a Baptist minis
ter, and his life was one of faith
ful service. He was llwavs zetufy
to do his duty, always ready to do
a charitable act. He worked
faithfully in the fold of the Su
preme Father, and was loved by
all with whom he came in contact,
He was well known in all parts of
the oounty. He had been in
feeble health for several months
and his death was unexpected.
His remains were interred in
the New London Cemetery Wed
nesday, at 4 o'clock, Rev . J, D.
Rankin performing the ceremony.
cent, of the deaths among letter
sorters had been due to consump
tion, contracted by the men after
thy bad entered the Bervice.
For 1,000 active troops iu the
armies of the great world powers,
the following figues show the per
centage of cases of pulmonary
tuberculosis: United State', 4.72;
Great Brittain and colonies, 2.4 ;
France, 5.3; Germany, 1.5; Aus
tria, 1.0; and Russia, 2.7. The
percentage in the general popula
tion is much larger.
Improper breathing is a frequent
cause of consumption . A large
majority of people are too lazy or
too ignorant to breathe deep, and
hence the lungs are developed
only to part of their capacity and
thus arlord fertile field for the
growth of the tuberculosis germ.
The death rate from tuberculo
bis among the Chinese residents
of the Uuited States is 658 .5 and
am ng the Japanese 239 per 100,
000 living, white population of
the country the rate is 178.
According to teets made recent
ly on 729 chidron from the tene
ment h iuse section of New York
city, 28 per cent, showed signs
of tuberculosis either of the joints,
glands or lungs.
In the prison of Bengal, India,
tuberculosis kills about two pris
oners in every one hundred.
Consumption is a common
disease among plants and flowers,
being most frequent in hcuffe
Tuberculosis among the insane
is very prevalent. The lowest
estimates show that 5 percent, of
all the inmates of hospitals for
the insane in the United StateB
1 at 1
nave tuuercuiosis. wnue in some
cases the rate is over 20 per cent.
EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF RAILROADS, j
Corn Rotting in the East, People Starving
in the West influenced Legislators.
The first railroad to be charter
ed in the State of Noh Carolina
was to run South from Petersburg,
Va., to Weldon, N. C. In 1833
what was afterwards known as the
Wilmington & Weldon was char
tered. This road, started by the
faith of a few at first meanit to
Connect Wilmington and Raleigh,
and bore the Barnes of the
Wilmington & Weldon Railroad
names of those two cities. It
was, however, changed to form a J
junction at Weldon with another
road, to the Weldcn &Petersburg
Railroad . The state, first and
last, put six hundred thousaud I
dollars' into the stock of this
road. This road wasfiniehed in
1840. Its total length was one
hundred and forty-six miles.
At that time, this was one
of the longest roads in America
rfftfl flAirl fn ho loncror than
any in Europe. The Raleigh &
Gaston was the next railroad of
importance to be chartered. The
State became responsible for eight
hundred thousand dollars of the
bonds of this road. When it was
finished inMfh a. crroat RAlobra.
tiSn was hllWirRaleigb, and the
entire State lned m tho nririmW
. j . - --j- a
Also' during these periods the Sea
beard & Roanoke Railroad was
built, also it ran from Portsmouth
Va., to Weldon N, C.
The railroads so far built were
all in the eastern portion of the
The need of a road towerd
the mountains was strikingly
shown by a failure of the crops in
the western counties. Owing to
this failure, even the necessities of
life became dear in that section,
oorn rose from fifty cents to a
dollar and a -half a bushel, and yet
at the sarjjje, time corn in the east
ern counties was rotting in the
fields for lack of a
ffiirtr 'WfeHfrrg iised toen r ich 4be
ground. The condition of the
roads in 1848 was, however snob
as to discourage further expense,
Governor Graham thought them
"the worst in the Union." Stock
holders and State were alike un
easy. The Seaboard & Roanoke
Railroad was lifeless. The Ral-
oitrVi Ar fl-ant.nn wna nftarlv df-ari.
T i t uj
Its engines were fit only for the
repair bhops ; its few passenger
coaches looked almost like lumber
wrecks ; its road-bed was utterly
wretched. Its trains took an
entire day to j !t the eighty miles
between Gaston and Raleigh.
The Wilmington & Weldon was
in somewhat better plight.
After heated speeches in the
Legislature, a bill for the North
Carolina Railroad was passed.
This bill however, would have
failed but for the vote of the
Sneaker. In 1856 trains wore
running from Goldsboro to Char
lotte and latsr cn this road be
came leased to the Southern Rail
vi ay for ninety-nine years. Sea
board & Roanoke and Raleigh &
Rnknokfi and Raleierh & Gaston
railroads are now a part of the
Seaboard Air Line Railwav. and
the Weldon & Petersburg Rail
road and the Wilmington & Wei
don Railroad are a part of the
main line of the Atlantic Coast
Railroad. S. W. Clark.
Mr. Clark's father served thirty
years with the Seaboard & Roan
oke Railroad, the prototype of
the preseut Seaboard Air L'.ne
Railroad. Charlotte Observer
Forced Info Exile.
Wm. Upchurch of Gle.i Ouk,
Okla, was an exile from home.
Mountain. air, he thought, would
cure a frightful lung racking
cough that had defied all remedies
for two years. After six months
he returned, death digging his
steps. "Then 1 begau to use Dr.
King's New Discovery," he writes,
"and after taking six bottles I am
as wellas ever." Ii saves thou
sands yearly from desperate lung
diseases. Infallible for Coughs
and Colds, it dispels Hoarseness
and Sore Throat. Cures Grip,
Bronchitis. Hemorrhages, Asth
ma, Croup, Whooping Cough. 50c
and $1.00, trial bottle free guar
anteed by all druggists.
BELL COMPANY BUYS WESTERN UNION.
Officers of Bell Company Regard the Step
as One of Economy Solely.
Boston, Nov. 16. A long stride
toward the complete control by
oae corporation of all wire com
munication in the United States
was made today in the acquisition
the American Telephone & Tele
graph Co. of the control of the
Western Union Telegraph Com
pany. In order to make the absorption
uuuipiobu, iuH incorporation or a
.l.t. it., r . -
rnew - billion dollar company, it is
Bif wiU necessary to include
tne 9a,mtm of bonds and-
8took of tne American Telephone
company, knon as the Bell corn-
Pany and tte outstanding $125,-
"yuuguuct bonds and Btocb of the
The accquisition of the neces
sary stocktand voting right of the
Western Union by the Bell com
pany nas been in progress for
about six months. The work has
n conducted quietly and only a
BULuuiem amount to insure con
trol, said to be 51 per cent, was
The officers of the Bell company
regard the step as one of economy
solely. They point out that ever
ince the en
f ftCt0r m hnman lif e. h" had
compete with the telegraph.
Lines have been paralleled and
there has been an immense
amount of. duplication.
The officersof the telephone com
pany believe that the merger will
I aa-rra "Roll 7K W rVTV
7" B" t.u.vw.vw
in new con struction while it will
also enable the utilization at the
same time of wires for both
telegraphing and telephoning.
The history of the Western
Union dates back to before the
oilvil war but the Bell company
is of compartively recent origin..
Both oompanies pursued the
"wuvi m nupgiuiug omauci
companies, xne smaii companies
acqlairerl by the "Western "Union '
have been lest in oblivion. Some
of the associated corporations
engaged in the telephone business,
the majority cf whose stock rest
in the treasury of the parent con
New York Telephone Company,
$50,000,000; New England Tele-
phone & Telegraph Co., $81,700,-
000; Bell Telephone of Pennsyl
vania, $81,13,000; New York &
New Jersey Telephone Co., $25,-
400,000; Southern Bell Telephone
Company, $21,400,000; Cumber
land Telephone & Telepgraph Co.,
$18,000,000; Chicago Telephone
Company, $175,000,000; Western
Telephone & Telegraph Co , $16,-
000,000; Bell Telephone Company
of Canada, $12,500,000,
The telephone system annually
transmits 5,956,800,000 messages
while the Western Union handles
68,053,000. The telephone system
has 8,098,679 miles of wire and
Western Union 1,382,509. The
total property value of the tele
phone company is $545,045,600
and that of the Western Union
Next Eclipse of the Moon.
The total eclipse of the
moon, which will take place
on the 27th instant, will occur
at an hour very inconvenient
for persons wishing to observe
the phenomenon many news
paper men excepted. The
Newbern Journal gives this
advance data of the occur
rence : ' 'The moon will enter
the earth's penumbra at 1:12
a. m., eastern standard time,
and will first reach the full
shadow of the earth at 2:11
a. m. At 3:14 a. m., she will
disappear completely in it
and will not begin to emerge
until 4:37 a. m. This is an
unusually long duration due
to the fact that the moon will
go almost centrally through
the earth's shadow, which
itself will be larger than usu
al, the moon being near the
earth. At 5:38 a. m. the moon
will finally leave the shadow
and at 6:38 will get clear of
penumbra and the eclipse will
be over." Which means that
the earth will this time make
almost a centre-shot at the