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The Carolina Watchman
Way H. STEWART, Editor and Owner
Published Every Wednesday,
120 West Innes Street.
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE t
Watchman, 1 year, .75
Record, 1 year, ...... .75
vThe Progressive Farmer, 1 year, 1.00
All 3 for a year each, only $1.50
Entered as second-class matter January
19th, 1905, -at the post office at Salisbury,
R C, under the act oi Congress of March
3rd, 1879. r
Salisbury, N. (JM May 28, '15.
Prbtic Road Woik Considered. Seftr? I
Minor Maims Taken op far Consideration.
The B ard of County Com mis
nutr'a m I in regular monthly
8.'S9!?ii MMi1ar, with all mmbf rfe
p3 exiept C J. F emiug. who
was kept at home cn account of
illness Fllowiug are th pro
ceedings: It was ordered tbat the count?
piy the expenses of Dr. and Mike
McCounohangh to Raleigh, pro
tided they they can he placed in
the Soldiers Boise
It wta order, d that the county
hav- t 'eph .ne piles moved on the
r ad out froo) G id Hill
Or E, W, Carrie, county su
perintendent of health reported
the inBtitutioi s in good sanitary
oudition aid no contagious d -ea
Thfj board t rdered that II. 8.
Pntra he allowed no damage on
Concord road at Rnmple's bridge.
This action however, is su1 ject tc
lome obaugos which are expect' d
to be fubmitted after certain
drainage work is done.
It was ordered tbat the tax list
er f r Qold Hill Township be a!
loved an assistant while working
th't towns of Granite Quarry
R ckweli, and Goid Hill.
Tbe board r considered previ
ous action on the Gold H 11 road
ai d it was ordered tbat this road
be built oa the old stage road
wh en goes straight through Gold
Hill in place of going up by. the
postoffioe and back out the origin
It was ordered by the board
that when camp No . 1 completes
the G ld II ill road,, it then irjuio
u nt.rtiroa Hurm marl
idered' that So
- : -" r
Thomasou proceed iu the rtgulat
legalway with road acroea J. A.
Ordered tbat the cottage on the
work house farm and the kitcbeL
and dining raom at the work bouse
be screened agaimt fiiee.
It was ordered that as soon as
camp No. 2 completes the work
on the Lincoln road it move to and
take up the work ou the National
Highway leading from Salisbury
to China Grove.
It was ordered tbat Superinten
dent Thomaeou put certain sec
tions of Bringle'a Ferry road in
good, safe and passable condition
and tbat the expanse of the same
be paid out of tbe general fund.
Ordered that certain expenses of
the Gold Hill roed, amouutiug to
about $30, Le paid out of the geu
It was ordered thst the court
house hill and the St. Peter's
Church road be built by the orig
Mrs. Patterson, keeper of the
county home, reported 7 white
and 5 Colored inmates.
Th beard awarded the contract
for furnishing supplies for tho
month for the county home, wrrk
houBH aud camp No; 1 to Peeler
Grain and Provision Company,
And for camp No 2 to" J. C. Sher
rili & Co., . f Mt. UUa.
It was t rd red that Superintend
ent Tli:masDD aod the civil engi
neer survey Sherrili's Ford road
and get estimates of ccst of build
A number of minor matters,
such as allowances for poor hear
ing of parties on tax reductions
and tbe like were taken up and
Cuts Did SwassOttei Remedies Won't Cure.
Th won case no matter of how long standine
ELr? 2 toe. WODd-l". old reliable Dr!
Porter's AnUseptic Het w Oil. It relieves
mto art HeJ, ,t the .eu dme 25c. SSSt
EgO Mr HilCl (Of Sale, Pure Bit?
Plymouth R -,ckt &nff Qrpiugtou
and Buff U ghom at 60c par set
tin of 15 eggs at the parsonage,
or$l 00hippd 88 or adds
Rev fi. A. Brown, China Grove
N. C. . :
For Silo Yoaug OcckreJe, Riug
Barred Recks, Stacye. strain
full.blcr.ded. P. BiQobel China
Grove, N. U. . 4
J 1 1
WANTS NO "DEADHEADS"
LIST OF EMPLOYES.
A CALL UPON THE LAW MAKERS
TO PREVENT USELESS TAX
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union
The farmer is the paymaster of
industry and as such he must meet
the nation's payroll. When industry
pays its bill it must make a sight
draft upon agriculture for the amount,
which the farmer is compelled to
honor without protest This check
drawn upon agriculture may travel to
and fro over the highways of com
merce; may build cities; girdle the
globe with bands of steel; may search
hidden treasures in the earth, or
traverse the skies, but in the end it
will rest upon the soil No dollar
will remain suspended in midair; it is
as certain to seek the earth's surface
as an apple that falls from a tree.
When a farmer buys a plow he pays
the man who mined the metal, the
woodman who felled the tree, the
manufacturer who assembled the raw
material and shaped it into an ar
ticle of usefulness, the railroad- that
transported it and the dealer who
sold him the goods. He pays the
wages of labor and capital employed
in. the transaction as well as pays
for the tools, machinery, buildings,'
etc., used in the construction of the
commodity and the same applies to.
all articles of use and diet of him
self and those engaged in the sub
sidiary lines of industry.
There is no payroll in civilization
that does not rest upon the back
of the farmer. He must pay the bills
all of them.
The total value of the nation's
annual agricultural products is around
$12,000,000,000, and it is safe to esti
mate that 95 cents on every dollar
goes to meeting the expenses of sub
sidiary industries. The farmer does
not work more than thirty minutes
per day for himself; the remaining
thirteen hours of the day's toil he
devotes to meeting the payroll of the
hired hands of agriculture, such as
the manufacturer, railroad, commer
cial and other servants.
Farmer's Payroll and How He
The annual payroll . of . agriculture
proximates 112,000,000,000. A por-
n of the amount is shifted to for
eign countries in exports, but the
total payroll of industries working for
the farmer divides substantially as
follows: Railroads,, $1,252,000,000
manufacturers, $4,366,000,000; mining,
$656,000,000; banks, $200,000,000;'
mercantile $3,500,000,000, and a heavy
miscellaneous payroll constitutes the
It takes the corn crop, the most
valuable in agriculture, which sold
last year for $1,692,000,000, to pay off
the employes of the railroads; the
money derived from our annua sales
of livestock of approximately $2,000,
000,000, the yearly cotton crop, valued
at $920,000)00; the wheat crop,
which is worth $610,000,000, and the
oat crop, that is worth $440,000,000.
are required to meet the annual pay
roll of the manufacturers. The
money derived from the remaining
staple crops is used in meeting the
payroll of the bankers, merchants..;
etc. After these obligations are paid,;
the farmer has only a few bunches of.
vegetables, some fruit and poultry
which he can sell and call the pro
ceeds his own. ,'
When the farmer pays off his help
he has' very little left and to meet
these tremendous payrolls he has
been forced to mortgage homes, work
women in the field and increase thevi
hours of his labor. We are, there-
fore, compelled to call upon all in-;
dustries dependent upon the farmers1
for subsistence to retrench in their j
expenditures and to cut off all un
necessary expenses.' This course is?
absolutely necessary in order to avoid'
a reduction in wages, and we want,
if possible, to retain the present wage
scale paid railroad and all other in
We will devote this article to a
discussion of unnecessary expenses
and whether required by law or per
mitted by the managements of the
concerns, is wholly immaterial. We
want all waste labor and extrava
gance, of whatever character, cut out.
We will mention the full crew bill as
illustrating the character of unneces
sary expenses to which we refer.
Union Opposes "Full Crew" Bill.
The Texas Farmers' Union regis
tered Us opposition to this character
of legislation at the last annual meet
ing held in Fort Worth, Tex., August
4, 1914, by resolution, which we quote,
"The matter of prime importance
to the farmers of this state is an ade
quate and efficient marketing system;
and we recognize that such a system
is impossible without adequate rail
road facilities, embracing the greatest
amount of service at the least pos
sible cost. We further recognize that
the farmers and producers in the end
pay approximately 95 per cent of the
expenses of operating the railroads,
and it la therefore to the interest of
the producers that the expenses of
the common carriers be as small as
is possible, consistent with good ser
vice and safety. We, therefore, call
upon our " law-makers, courts and
Juries to bear the foregoing facts in
mind when dealing with the common
carriers of this state, and we do espe
cially reaffirm the declarations of
cne iasi annual convention oi : our
State Union, opposigejassage of
the so-called 'full-crew' . bill before
the thirty-third legislature of Texas."
The farmers of Missouri in the last
election, by an -"overwhelming ma
jority, swept this law off the statute
book of that state, and it should
come off of all statute books where
it appears and no legislature of this
nation should- pass such a law or
similar legislation which requires un
The same rule applies to all regu
latory measures which increase the
expenses of industry without giving
corresponding benefits to the public.
There is ofttimes a body of men as
sembled at legislatures and they
have a right to be there who. in
their zeal for rendering their fellow
associates a service, sometimes favor
an . increase in the expenses of in
dustry without due regard for the men
who bow their backs to the summer's ;
sun to meet the payroll, but these !
committees, while making a record ;
for themselves, rub the skin oC the
shoulders of the farmer by urging the
legislature to lay another burden
upon his heavy load and under the
lash of "be it enacted" goad him on
to pull and surge at the traces of civil
ization, no matter how he may sweat,
.foam and gall at the task. When
legislatures "cut a melon" for labor
'they .hand the farmer a lemon.
The farmers of the United States
are not financially able to carry "dead
heads" on their payrolls. Our own
hired hands are not paid unless we
have something for them to do and
we are not willing to carry the hired
help of dependent industries unless
there is work for them. We must
therefore insist upon the most rigid
Legislative House-Cleaning Needed.
While the war is on and there is a
lull In business, we want all legisla
tive bodies to take an inventory of
the statute books and wipe off all
extravagant and useless laws. A good
house-cleaning is needed and econo
mies can be instituted here and there
that will patch the clothes of indigent
children, rest tired mothers and lift
mortgages from despondent homes.
Unnecessary workmen' taken off and
useless expenses chopped, down all
along the line- will add to the pros
perity of the farmer and encourage
him In his mighty effort to feed and
clothe the world.
If any of these industries have sur
plus employes we can use them on
the farm. We have no regular
schedule of wages, but we pay good
farm hands on an average of $1.50
per day of thirteen hours when they
board themselves; work usually runs
about nine months of the year and the
three months dead time, they can do
the chores for their board. It they
prefer to farm on their own account,
there are more than 14,000,000,000
acres of idle land on the earth's sur
face awaiting the magic touch of the
plow. The compensation is easily ob
tainable from Federal Agricultural
Department statistics. Tho total
average annual sales of a farm in
the continental United States amounts
to $516.00; the cost of operation is
$340.00; leaving the farmer $176 per
annum to live on and educate his
There is no occasion for the legis
latures making a position for surplus
employes of industry. Let them come
"back to the soil" and share with us
the prosperity of the farm.
When honesty is merely a good
policy It is a poor virtue.
Lazy farmers are just as useless as
dead ones and take up more room.
When the soul communes with the
spirit of nature the back to the farm
There are two kinds of farmers.
One tries to take all the advice he
hears and the other won't take any
FARMER RADFORD ON
The home Is the greatest contribu
tion of women to the world, and the
hearthstone is her throne. Our so
cial structure is built around her, and
social righteousness is in her charge.
Her beautiful life lights the skies of
hope and her refinement is the charm
of twentieth century civilization. Her
graces and her power are the cumu
lative products of generations of
queenly conquest, and her crown of
exalted womanhood is jeweled with
the wisdom of saintly mothers. She
has been a great factor In the glory
of our country, and her noble achieve
ments should not be marred or her
hallowed influence blighted by the
coarser duties of citizenship. Ameri
can chivalry should never permit her
to bear the burdens of defending and
maintaining government, but should
preserve her unsullied from the allied
influences of, politics, and protect her
from the weighty responsibilities of
title sordid affairs of life that will
crush her ideals and lower her stand
ards. The motherhood of the farm
is our inspiration, she is the guardian
of our domestic welfare and a guide
to a higher life, but directing the af
fairs of government is not within wo
man; sphere, and political gossip
would cause her to neglect the home,
forget to mend our clothes ,and burn
Tha QutalM Tbat Does Not Affect The Head
Because of ita tonic and laxative effect, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE is tetter than ordinary
Quinine and does not cause nervousness nor
nasiac m bead. Remember the fult name and
look Jew it sfeBrtare oi B. W. GROVE. 25c .1
1 'f )
A Weak, Nervous Sufferer
Restored to Health by Ly-
Kasota, Minn. I am glad to say
that j-iyaia sn. rui-uw o -?
Ajompouna nas uuuo
more for. roe than
anything else, and I
had thevbest physi
cian here. 1 was so
weak and ; nervous
that I could not do
my work and suf
fed with pains low
xt&Tii in m y- right
side v for, ja. year. jr
more. I took Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound, and now I feel like a
different person. I believe there is
nothing like'Eydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound for weak women and
young girls, and I woulcj. be glad if I
could influence anyone to try the medi
cine, for I know it will do all and much
more than it is claimed to do." Mrs.
Clara Franks,. R. F. D. No. 1, Maple
crest Farny Kasota, Minn. 4
Women "Who suffer from those dis
tressing ill.feculiar to their sex should
be convinced of the ability or ycua ..
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to re
store their health by the many genuine
and truthful testimonials-we are con
stantly publishing in the newspapers.
If yon have the slightest doubt
that Lydia 13. Pmkham's Vegeta
W Com lmnnri will heln yoti.write
to Lydia K.PinkhamMecllcineCo.
(confidential ) Lynn, Mass., for ad
vice. Your letter will opened,
read and answered by at woman,
a a i 4 J n , n A.
onn neia in strict comiuuic.
Wpather Forecast for Vrf 19 5.
Fiona May 6 h to 18th rbin ai d
cold with thuiider gusts.
From 18ih tr 2lsfe rain, and i
mind is southwest ai the he or cf
8 10 v. m or the 18b, lock f r
From 21tt to 28th, fair, chat p -a
. wuifn and aonn-col.
F"t m 28th to Jon 4h, chai
ab ( me mild aud I ot.
R. No. 8, Salinhmy. N C
And $or Lungs Were Over
come fcy vmol Mr rtill
man's statement of Facts
Camden, J: J.--" I had a deep seated
cough, a run-down, system and my lungs
were awfufly weak and sore. I am, an.;
electrician by occupation and iny cough
kept ;rire awakfe nights so I thought at
times 1 would have ' to give up. I tried
everything everybody suggested and
had taken bo much medicine I was dis
gusted. - ;.
" One evening I read about Vinol and
decided to give it a trial. Soon I noced
an improvement I kept on taking it
and today 1 am a well man. The sore
ness is all gone from my-lungs, I do not
have any cough and have gained fifteen
pounds in weight and I am telling my
friends that Vinol did it." Frank
Killman, Camden, N. J.
It is the curative, tissue-building in
fluence of cods' livers aided by the blood
making, strength creating properties ef
tonic iron, contained in Vinol, that made
it so successful in Mr. Hillman's case.
We ask every person in this vicinity
suffering from weak lungs, chronic
coughs, or a run-down condition of the
system to try a bottle of Vinol on our
guarantee to return your money if it
fails to help jou.
Smith's Drug Store. Salisaure, N. C .
JOHN R. BROWN,
Fitting (ilasses a Specialty
ReHef or uo Pay.
Examination Without Drug? or Of ops
China Or 'Vk, N. -'P. H2-1
We do the Best and
Call at office oratress
Editor and Proprietor, Salisbury. N. C.
FOf Sa'P, 1 Fox ' Typewriter', 1
typewriter de'fe, l Fihng cabinet
(sectiouar) 1. small Mqsler safe, ;
. T ,ttV " T PvtMirui
Apply to 4 H U ttESCtpMAa -
HOW A DE
,flreat ; aHflnrtmmit'nf all
all priced at our usual way of selling on small profits, but tor OAb tL.
- No hard times at our store, business best we ever had. Now there is a rea
son, when people have plenty of money they don't think so much about economy,
but when money is scarce they bunt the place that sells cheapest and where their
money goes the fall limit This is why they liave.flocked to us this season more
than ever, and the so-called hard times has helped us. Are you trading witb u
If not yon are probably not getting all that is coming to you. v
Men's PJow Shoes.
xtTa good value in ooz shoes for
men's plow shes at SI 48
Men's $2.50 patent or gun metal
button and blucher oxfords made
on nice stylishjasts for only $1 98
Men's better oxfords, same as you
pay more for elsewhere,
price $3 00, 3 50 and 4 QQ
Women's Low Shoes
Women's 98c old ladies' comfort
oxfords, our special price 75c
Women's $1 50 vici kid pumps,
fresh new stock, for $1 25
Extra good selection of women's
oxfords and pumps at $1 50
F1M' NATIONAL BARK, Salisbury, J. C.
There is mt re Catarrh iu tuie
soticu of hr country than all
her diseases put together, aud
until the last few years was sup
posed to be iboorable. For a
41-eat many years doctors pre
: onnced it a local disease acd
inscribed local remedies, and by
nnsfcaiit failing to cure witb
cdl treatment, prouom.ced ii
:cniabip. Science baa provei.
ararrb to he a constitutional
calm nt Hall's Catarrh Cure,
mat nfac'urert by P. J Cheney &
' ., T 1 d , Ohi is tbe only Con
Mtational cure on the market
t i? take- interna ily It act'
' irect ly ol tbe Uof d and mucous
uffact-e 1 f tbe system. They
ffer me bnLdred dc litre for anv
;se it fails to cure. Send for
ciroalars and test:'monalp.
Adr ea: F. J Cheney & Co t
. Sold bv Druggist. 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for
Grind Eicuts on to Washington. 0. C,
GBlHft na tway, Thursday fctay ;3tb, 19! 5
Speoiaf train will leave Salis
I urt at 8:80 p. m.. arriving Wash-
inp,t ti following morning at 7:55
a; m., Reinr fii e, will leave
Washington ut 9:00 a. m. Satur
lv, Mt 15 h 1915
PttSfiengers from branch line
points will use regular trains to
nhe various junctiru pointi con
necting witb the special train,
.r,d returning will use regular
trail e from inch junction points
'o the borne stationt.
TicWtegocdg ing and retcrn
nig on special train only and can
prv V'o PTtpnd' d.
Speoial train will consiet of
first class coaches only.
Daylight trip tbroogb Virginia
A rare opportunity to spend
twenty five bours in Washington,
giving ample time to visit tbe
ma- y prints of interest in tbe
L ".w r iund trip farfB from sta
tions' nvmed as folk we: Calis
4mry 15.00. A Ih-marle $5 00. Lex
ineton $5 CO, High Point $5 00r
S ReidsviUe 4 60 BurMrgton tf 00,
IGreeniboro $5.00. Ppencer $5 00,
;ThomaviUe $5 00. Afrheboro
$5 00, Site. CU3 $5 00, Gil sonville
;$5 00. ...
For further information, tick
jets, eto , ctl on any agent South
ern Railway, q -.
R. H DbBotts, D, P, A,,
- Charlotte, N. Ci -
ARK HEJAJ)QUARTKKS FOR
kind of shoes for Men, Women, Children
Women's 2 50 pumps and misses
Mary Jane patent slippers, very
stylish looking, and only $1 98
Women's finer slippers at
3 00, 3 50 and $4 00
You can always depend on getting
better children's shoes here and
at a little less orice than any
whre else. We have a nice se
lection of ankle straps,, etc at
very lowest prices.
Come Here for your Shoes.
The prettiest and cheapest. Hate
to be found anywhere, are right
here. Ladies' trimmed hats from
YOU carit expect a crop of money at tKe end
of your earning season if you dorft plant a,
feW dollanr in tKe Wk NOW". ' T
is usi a matter of farming
M fertile $oil in a Jood field or JbreakinJ i
ani heinj patient . TKe harVestini- comer
tKe main Work mart Be done vmile tKe
are 5hov?in,, fferhBrffam
WS PAY 4 PEE CENT.
ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS AND
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form.
The Quinine drives out malaria, the
fj-on builds up the system. 50 cents
DO YOU WANT A NEW STOMACH?
If you do "Digestoneine" will "give
you one. For full particulars regard
ing -this wonderful Remedy which
has benefited thousands, apply to
Smith Drug Co. Salisbury, N.C.
itOilfflan LuaiDai CO. S ils galvaniz
ed roc fins rock bottom pricfa
office can do yonr jol
The mint makes itsnd under t! e terms
t.f tht On-sinkntsi. 'Momqo;: CfM
pant jou cat) secure it at 6 fo any
legal purpose on approved real estate.
Terms ea?y, tell us your warts and we
will co-operate vith you
PEI iY & COMPANY,
B 5-5 1419 Lytton Bldg, Chicago, 111.
The undertiigned as admin
istratrix of J. G. Sowers, de
ceased, will sell the following
described personal property
belonging to the said estate,
27th day of may, 1915,
at the residence of Phillip
Sowers, in Salisbury Town
ship, Rowan County:
1 six-horse power gasoline
engine, 1 eightborse power
gasoline engine, 1 ten-horse
power gasoline engine; these
engines are all in good repair
and perfectly new'; 2 four
;vear old Percheron . horses,
matches; 1 ' black Peicheron
mare, fie years old; 1 hay j
loader, together with other j
property too numerous to ;
Terms of sale: jsix months ,
Credit with good security.
This 4th dav of Mav 1915
. ... Minnie B. Sowers,
A . . , .
and Boyp, QO
1 "Here is the Answcivin !
I WebsterS w I
1 New International i
I The Mebrum Websteb g
s Erery day In your talk and reading:, at H
S home, on the street car, in the office, shop s
g and school yoa likely question the mean- ij
H 11?t Bon?e new Word. A friend asks: H
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3 the location of Lock Katrine ot the pronun- s
S.UonT of JjvuUu. What is tchite coal? S
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g oucuces, icun anai autnontv.
1 400,000 Words.
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s The only dictionarvwlth
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i India paper. What a satis-
faction to own the M erriam
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g Write for spscimen Pf
5 Mention Uus
H and receiT
.adles! Sav Money aad Kefc io
Style by Reading PcCall's
Magazine and Using McCali Patterns
McCall'$ Magazine will
h-!p you ilrc-ss styl
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expense by keeping
you posted on the
latest fashions iu
clothes and hats. 60
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m each issue. Also
on all home and per
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McCali Patterns wilt en rbleyou to make In your
own houifi, will) your own bands, clothimr for
yourseii and children which will be perfect
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THt McCALt COXPAKr, 239 io 243 Wst 374 Si.. KFflf mi
! This it a prescription prepared especially .
(?r MALARIA or CHILLS A. FEVER.
I u " 11 FeYer not
I return. It acta on the liver better than '
; Calomel and does not Crioeorakkea. 25ft.'
least f!i5!) '
r1 am r r
i NM UMflil
We WiD Giva Yea Fine Pre seal, for gettine ub
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