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The Wilson advance. (Wilson, N.C.) 187?-1899, December 19, 1889, Image 2

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on Advance- t??s:i'f 5 :." si u a v. c. oamoils, t,,iiiiif sunt I'roprM'lors. ., December 19, 1S89. . ,ViIs:n On The Occa .a Ic:s:rial Services In President Davis- tai which the partial Kiuune ol trietus iiaa impos ed upon me is difficult to ac compli-h with satisfaction to inyelf, in a manlier worthy the oce;i .on which lias brought us loget her. When Uih ad, but not un expeele.!, intell itrericrt went out to the people of the South that ex-rre:-i.e:st JeJTewou Davis, after a 1 oiitr and honorable life, devoted to their service aurl the vindication of their cau?e, had passed from earth, a epoataneoiis and singularly unanimous purpose was inaui- :"ested to unite iu giving public pronounced ana unmis- taknMrt expression of their attachment to hiui, admiration for hh riraoter and grief at his Heath. The Governors of this, and oilier Southern States anf.ci'iatin?;, and giving official recognition of, and endorse ment 1 ' f'i- sentiment, "proipv3i ?ud proclamations enioi!i.--'' upon tlit people to lav aside ail business and as peinble tlfemselyes together at this, the hour of the funeral, "to join in memorial services .suitable to the occasion." In response thereto we are here to unite, m spirit and sym pathy, with our Southern coun trymen iu giving txpression to our appreciation of the great services rendered by Mr. Davis to our country, our unswerving devotion t his person, our un faltering faith iu the purity of Lis chancier in public and prl vate lite, and our sympathy vviih hi bereaved family in this their hour of affliction. At this hour, iu the city of Kev Orleans, l iving hands are committing to the earth, in the laud he loved so well, served so faithfully, snd for whose peo ple he suffered so much, the mortal remains of .Jefferson Da vis. At the same hour thous ands of his countrymen are, a3 it were, siainling by the side of Lis open grave, mourning his death au l doiug honor to his memory. This scene, I believe, is without precedent in the world's history. It will ever be remembered to the honor of the fcJou.th3.iri people. It is a fitting tribute to the man who will oc cupy an illustrious and peculiar place iu the story of Nations During the past decade we have witnessed the pomp and pageantry which wealth and power have displayed in the fu ueral rites of successful warriors and statesmen. We have seen the power and resources of the National Government displayed in doing honor to those who have served it with merit and success. The world stfnds by to-day and beholds the South with its sons and daughters of two generations, pay homage to the memory of a man whose public career closed a quarter of a century since in disaster. It will be asked why it is that the death of this man has brought forth such aU'ectiou l'i tokens of grief and on; his country men It ia fi i 'tut ate for us and for our children, that we have the opportunity of showing that the purest and best emotions of the heart may be aroused and find expression in admiration for one whose services and charac ter are not measured by the commonly accepted standard of success. While this is a memorial ser vice, it will be but a poor trib ute to him of whom it has been said, that '"without a country, lie died the honored and revered King of twenty millions of hon orable hearts," unless we may t,ive some reason for our faith in him, and make the lessons of his life of profit to us and those who shall come alter us. No man who has any proper or just appreciation of the life and chi' vacterof Jefferson Davis will feel it necessary to apolo gize for the homage which he pays t h: - memory, or fear to vindicate Lis claim to the coti lide:i'"e a.iid affection of the peo ple whom he served. We mkrht safely rest our jus-liDciii'-n for loving and honor ing him upon the faci, which all admit, that for twenty-five years without parallel, and pa tience !'.! r above mere human will, hi laiued only by that faith in ultimate justice which comes from above, he bore with out inunnnr or complaint, in his own pe; .-on the odium and su'i'ering for the acts of his peo ple. To ali just and generous men, this sentiment would not only justify, but commend, us. It would be but scanty justice to our Hero and Chieftain to rest hi-y Pint our vindication, upon so narrow a foundation, In d veneration, for him u i -.. I; the world that loyalty and fidelity to our du ties ai.d obligations as citizens is iu no respect inconsistent with ti. j tribute which we pay to those who were with us, and of us, during the dark days of woe and siiiTering. To ;-"oi:ie the power is not giv en to be t it her just or generous to those who fail in the battle of life. Defeat has its compen sations as victory its rewards. It is true in the moral as in the material world that character, aj well as metal, must pass through the crucible that its el ements may i welded together and its ti id . orlh made to bhine gold. The mau ry wo honor is a dutiful illu -'ration liv a i"i L' a- d even iu Who.-e sli')L;,: of 1 pai- .. liH.'.H 1) CO'iV i'"' I itc ot sutTeriij, and ! nastic devotion to Lis ns of duty and right, The his character even grew bright er, and, as was said of Raleigh, "he has conquered the esteem of posterity." In his last public utterance. which we.as North Carolinians, should remember with pride, he set forth the processes by which the Constitution ot our government was brought into existence, and aimost with the last stroke of his pen, re-uera-ted and vindicated the princi ples bv which it was to be con strued, so in the future it will be said of him, as of Abel, "He being dead yet speaketh. The public career of Mr. Da vie is so well known to the peo pie of the South that it would seem useless to recount, in this presence, the events of his life ; vet to many who have been born and reared in these "pi piug times of peace," who have been taught from books whose authors use such inappropriate and inaccurate terms as "trea son" and rebellion" wben speak intr of the conduct of the South ern people, and 'Conspirators" and "traitors" in regard to their leaders. I can not think it im proper or useless to notice such prominent events in his lite as will. I trust, inspire in them a desire to know more of the men with whom the men of '61 acted and to whose memory their children shall ever render hom age aud respect. Jefferson Davis was born, of revolutionary ancestors, in Christian county, Ky., iu June, 1808. He was appointed, by John C. Calhoun, to West Point at the age of 16, graduating with distinction in 1828. He was assigned to duty in the West and served with merit for seven years ou the frontier. He married the daughter of Geu'l, afterwards President, Taylor, and in 1835 retired to lead the life of a cotton planter in Mis sissippi.. In 1845 he was sent to Con gress from his district, but soon resigned his seat to engage in the military service of the country in Mexico. Having been, while in Congress, elected Colonel of the 1st Reg. of Miss. Volunteers, Chas Dana says of his service at this time : "He promptly left his seat in the House, and overtaking his reg iment at Ner Orleans, led it to re-iuforce the army of Geueral Taylor ou the Rio Grande. He was actively engaged in the attack aud storiniug of Monte rey, Sept. '4G, aud i was one of the Commissioners for arran ging the terms of capitulation cf the city. He highly distin guished himself at Beauna Via ta reby 23, 47, when his regi ment, attacked by an immense ly superior force, maintained its ground for a long time un supported, while Col. Davis himself, though severely woun ded, remained in the saddle nn til the close of the action and was complimented for his cool ness and gallantry by the Com mander in Chief. While on his returu home he received, at New Orleans, a commission from the President as Brigadier General of Volunteers, which he declined accepting, on the ground that the Constitution reserved to the States the ap pointment of the officers of the militia, and their appoint ment by Ithe President was a violaticAi of the rights of the States. Thus we find him putting aside promotion in obedience to his convictions of duty, and illustrating, early in life, the principles which guided him to its close. Upon his return from Mexico he was appointed by the Gov. to fill a vacancy in the U. S. Senate and was. by the Leg islature, elected for the full term and re-elected iu 1850. At this time we find him again il lustrating his devotion to his political convictions and his readiness to Dacrifice himself for his people. n election had been held in the State for delegates to a Con stitutional Convention at which tne Democratic party had been defeated by about 7,500 votes. In 1851 Gen. Quitman had been nomiiated by the party for Governor. Mr. Davis entered into the canvass for the nomi nee and remained until about six weeks before the election. when he was stricken down by disease. General Quitman seeingdefeat aivaitinghim with drew from the canvass and the Executive Committee request ed Mr- Davis to take his place lthough broken in health, and just entering upon a full Sena toriai term ue promptly re sponded to the call, resigned nis seat in me senate ana en tered actively into the can vass, lie was defeated, but reduced the majority against his party to less thau one thousand votes. After his defeat Mr. Davis remained in retirement until, alter once declining, ne was induced by public consideration to reconsider and accept the position of Secretory of War in the Cabinet of President Pierce. He served with marked dis tinction among such men as Win. L. Marcy, Caleb Cushing, Jas. C. Dobbin and others of national reputation, tie gives his estimate of President Pierce in words which may, with truth, be applied to himself : 'Chivalrous, tsenerous, amiable, true to his friends and his faith, frank and bold in the declara tions of his opinions, he never deceived any one. If treachery had ever come near him it would have stood abashed in the presence of his truth his manliness and his confiding simplicity." It is luteresting to read a letter written to a friend,at this period of his life, in which he pathetically and yet indignant ly, i ; els the charge of dis loyalty. He says: "Pardon the egotism, in consideration of the occasion, when I say to you that my father and my un cle fought through thp revolution of 1776, giving tleir youth, their blood and 'their little patrimony to the consti tutional freedom whica i claim as my inheritance. Three of my brothers fougb jn the war of 1812. Two 0f them were comrades of the hero of the Hermitage aud received his commendation for gallantry at New urieans. At sixteen years of age I was given to the ser vice of my country. For twelve years of my life I have bora its arms and served it zealously if not well. As I feel the infirmities which suf fering more than age has brought upon me, it would be a bitter reflection indeed if I was forced to concluda that my countrymen would hold all this light when weighed against the empty panegyric which a time serving politician can bestow upon the Union for which he never made a sacrifice " What a withering rtbuke to the men who are prostituting the use of a great name aud the pages of a popular magazine to misrepresent and villify this galliaut patriot and gentleman. At the termination of his ser vice in the Cabinet Mr. Davis was elected to the Senate for the term ending March 1862. On the 9th day of January 1861, the State of Mississippi adopt ed the ordinance of secession and ou the 21st of the same month Mr. Davis, iu a speech of wonderful power and clearness, set forth bis position and opinions, withdrew from the Senate. Thus the third time this man who has for years been charged with self-seeking ambition, retired from the po sition which he declares he preferred above all others, to serve his State. The question about which so much has been said and written, and so im portant to be answered truth fully in making just estimate of Mr. Davis'life and character, I have only time to notice and give his own and the testimony of some others at my command. Did Mr. Davis desire, and by his counsel and influence, pre cipitate the secession of his own and other Southern States? That he wa3 firmly convince 1 of the right of a SUte to secede is shown by every act and ut terance of his life. It is this firm conviction which justifies and vindicates his public career. In the speech retiring from the Senate he says: "It is known to Senators who have served with me here that I have for many years advocated as an essential attribute of State. Sovereignty the right of a State to secede the Union." if this were the proptr time or place it would be easy to show that in this opinion he was by no means alone, and that the doctrine was not peculiar to Southeru statesmen. It has for thirty years been charged and re-iterated that Mr. Davis, to gratify an unholy ambition, urged his and the other South ern States to separate them selves from the Union. That he, with hundreds of our wisest and best public men, be lieved that the security of their rights and preservation of their liberties! justified the step, is ndoubtably true, but that he either iook pleasure in r con tributed to the conditions which, in his opinion, rendered this course necessary, can be shown to be false. I.i.'e Mr. Blaine has not the sense of justice sufficiently strong to present Mr. Davis truly, he is forced tosay of him that "No man ave up more than he in joinintr the revolt against the Union." In his farewell ad dress to the Senate there was a tone of moderation and ritr- nity not unmixed with regret ful and tender emotions. Mr. Cox says : "But it must bo said that he was not forward in secession. His state was not among the foremost to secede. She waited until the 9th of Jan., 1861, before passing her ordinance and her Senators lingered until the 21st before they withdrew. It is generally credited among those who were familiar with Mr. Davis' in clinations that even after the ordinance was passed he was anxious to remain. There is indubitable evidence that while in the Committee of thirteen he was willing to ac cept the compromise of Mr. Crittenden and recede from se cession. This committee, with a House committee of thirty time members were then con sidering the state of the Union. The compromise failed, because. as Senator Hale, of New Hamp shire, said on the day it was introduced, P was determined that the controversy should not be settled iu Congress. When it failed the heio of Buena Vista became the leader of the Confederacy." Mr. Alexauder 11. Stevens, in Ids great wok on the war between the States, speaking as .o Prof. Norton, says: "No man, iu my opinion, which I givo you candidly, is less understood at the North, and to a great extent at the South, too, than Mr. Davis. On this question I may be wrong, out i assure you 1 never regard ed him as a secessionist, prop erly speaking that is, I always regarded him as a strong Un ion man, in sent'ment, so long as the Union was maintained ou the principles , upon which it was founded. He was without doubt a thorough States rights State sovereignty man. He be lieved in the right of secession, Dut what l mean is that he was an ardent supporter of the Un ion on the principles, as he un derstood them, upon which and for which the Union was form ed. If he was in favor of seces sion solely upon the ground of Mr. Lincoln s election I am not aware of it. He certainly made no speech, nor wrote any letters j 'c for the public during that can- vass that indicated such pur- 1 pose or views, I never saw a word from him recommending secession as a proper remedy against threatening dangers, until he joined .in the general letter of the Southern Senators and Representatives to their States advising them to take that course. There is nothing in Mr. Davis' life or public con duct that I am aware of that affords just giound for believ ing that he ever desired a sepa ration of the States, if the prin ciples of this Union under the constitution had lien faithful ly adhered to by oil the parties to it. These were the senti ments of J all his speeches, in and out of Congress, so far as I ever saw even down to the last mcst touching leave taking ad dress to the Sen xto." The Hon. C. C. Clay, of Ala bama, who, Mr. Davis says, was his most intimate associate in the Senate, says: "Mr. Davis did not tf ke an active part in planning or has tening secession. I think that he only regretfully consented to it as a political necessity for the preservation of popular and States rights. I know that some leading men, and even Mississippians, thought him too moderate and backward and fouud fault with him for not taking an active part in seces sion." Senator Douglass, in a speech on the compromise measures, arraigned Republi can Senators as trying to pre cipitate secession and referred to Jefferson Davis as one who sought conciliation. Such ia the testimony of those who du ring his life wrote. Let us have his own utterance on this subject : "It is not only untrue but ab surd to attribute to me motives of personal ambition to be gratified by a dismemberment of the Union. Much of my life had been spent iu the mil itary and Civil Service of the United States. Whatever rep utation I had acquired was identified with their history, and if future preferment had been the object it would have led me to cling to the Uuion as long as a shred of it remained. If any, judging after the event, should assume that I was al lured by the high office subse quently conferred upon me by the people of the Confederate States, the answer to any such conclusion has been made by others to whom it was well known that I had no desire to be its President. When the suggestion was made to me I expressed decided objection and gave reasons of a perma nent character against being placed in that position. Fur thermore I theu had the office of United States Senator one which I preferred above all others." Mr. Blaine says that for several years he had been growing in favor with a power ful element in the Democracy of the free States, and but for the exasperating quarrel of 1860 he might have been selec ted as the Prejidential candi date of his party. As a matter of history he was voted for re peatedly in the Charleston con vention. In the face of this and other testimony, a parti san press has persecuted this man for years with the repeat ed charge that he brought ou the war, "fired the Southeru heart" and immersed his coun try in war to gratify his ambi tion. Tne task of the future historian, now that "Thou art quiet in thy grave," is rendered easy, because that justice which was denied thee alive is accord eu thee dead. The New York Herald says today : "We know enough of the inner workings of tnat extraordinary movement which developed into civil war to know that Mr. Davis was not an original extreme secessionist that he cherished Union hopes long after others had become enemies of their Republic. ine i nnaoeipnia limes says ".Mr uavis was not a rampant secessionist inTI86I. lie then boldly advocated the right of secession, as he had ever done before the people and in the House and Senate, but he was not of those who precipitated armed rebellion. Nor did he seek the Presidency of the Confederacy." Did not the men who penned these lines as Jefferson Davis lay a corpse in New Orleans have every light ueiore t'M-iii tor the past tweuty years that they have to-day? I saw atm conversed with (Jol, M'CIure, editor of the Times, as he returned from his visit to Mr. Davis' home in January 1885. Why theu was not this justice done him while he lived i We trust, and have the as surauce of the Christian hope, that even now this brave noble, spirit is at rest, if it bo accorded to him to see us puuy nioitals and kuow our actions and sayiugs. what must be his sensations a he seen this loug ueiaeu justice uouo him: MT. Davis having been elected President of the new Republic ad- (hessed Himself to the tasK of maintaining peace and establish nig irienuiy relations with the United States- His efforts in this direction are a pirt of the history ol the tunes, and fully vindicate him trom any detoie or purpose to wage war. His efforts failed and war was torced upon him and his people. He surrounded himself wi n soidieis, commanded by Qen- einis, wtio enibled him for four years to maintain a struggle unex ampled in the history of the world. I have neither the time nor capacity to review the mditary history of the war. The impression made upon soldiers of eminence in their profession may bn kuown from the written testimony ol some of Eng land's greatest General-". Mr. Glad stone said at the time that Jeffer son Davis had created a nation, and in referriug to his death the London Globe says ; "That he did uot create a nation was because such a creation jras not possible in tbe conditions. If statesmanship, military genius aud devotion ou the part of a whole people were suf ficient for the foundation of a State would have been established. lue enterprise 'Jed because snc- eY? was uot wuuit out lmpos- sioie.' After four years of struggle and suffering the end came aud Jeffer son Davis was a prisoner in For tress Monroe. As was recently said by one of our moat invet erate enemies, the Southern people believed and acted upon the princi pal that "all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only," and undertook to put it into practice, but Grant's manner of attack and Sherman's tactics in his march to the sea, stripped the language ol its meauing and left it a cold and barren formula. The South was conquered, the banner furled, and the President a manacled prisoner. The counsel ot a mere politician, moved oy unholy and thwarted ambition, woald have been to make terms for himself, or in tbe lan guage of one who has feasted and fattened upon abuse of Mr. Davis, "To cast an anchor to the wiud ward." Up to this time cur hero appears to un a soldier, shedding his blood for his country and saving its ene my at Benna Vista; a statesman iu Senate and Cabiuet, laboring to advance the nation's honor and glory, striving to preserve the rights of the States and thereby tbe perpetuity of the Uniou; al ways avowiug his first allegiance to his State, tbe chosen leader of the South in her effort to secure and maintain a separate polit cal existence. Now tbe prisoner of a victorious enemy, he enters upon that phase of bis life which mos: endears him to us and stamps him as one of the few so s of men who are given to tbe world t teach it lessons of true heroism. It was de termined by the victors that he should be the vicarious t-nfferer for tbe acts of his people. None saw this moie clearly than be, aud with a fortitude and courage born of a power more than human he accept ed the martyrdom. The story of his suffering for two years in close confinement at Fortress Monroe, of the cruel outrage to which he was subjected, is well known aud tno painful to be recounted. At the end of two years he was re leased upon bai. and tbe iudict meut against him upon the motion or the law officei of the Govern ment quashed. From 1867. uutil tbe Gtb day of the present month he has lived in retirement, but never forgotten or lost sight of by his people who have alwa.s sought op portunity to do him honor. The last effort beiog made by "North Carolinians,which but for his feeble health which resulted in his death; would have enabled us to show to him and to the world the enthusi astic devotion and admiration which we had for bim. It is now past the power of enemies to peri secute or friends to minister to, but iu his life and example we of tbe South, have a rich heritage, and to us is committed the trust of guard ing his memory and demanding that justice in the judgment of history which the passion of the past has withheld from bim. Hut our children ask the question : "Was Jefferson Davis a traitor to his country and her constitution ! Do you teach us to honor the memory of a man who was guilty of trea son!" If there were any doubt as to the correct answer to this ques tion, we would be his apologists, not his defenders, as we are. Let the answer come from our enemies, "they being the judges " Says the Philadelphia Times, ''It soon be came apparent that he was abso lutely innocent of the charge of im plication in the assassination of Mr. Lincoln and it was equally clear, that there was uo law that could punish him for treason r.fter his Koveiument had been conceded belligerent rights tor four jears. Uut law and passion were in con tiict and it was not until he had been imprisoned lor two years that the government found a method of escape Irom its own universally confessed blunder.'' Veiily tiutb is mighty and will prevail. What a confession to make! Why not have made it L5 years ago? Tbe "method" found was nothing more or I thau a simple but solemn a-.iri-vviR of record that neither Mr. J) is nor nis people had ever violated t he Constitution. If there be no 'iw to punish, then none was violated. The "government of tbe Republic imprisons a man for two years, iu thcrs upon him "wanton iudiguitie and c-uelties," says the Times, and then sajs to him, jou are innocent of any crime, discbarges hi, but for 25 years withholds from ' n the rights of citizenship, aud n il.it he is dead, refuses to acem .. i; the usual courtesies due ' j p i tion which be held in its sen ce mere is compensation in all tbe changes and .'.nances of this mortal life. We find ours in the reflection tuat when these things were done we bad not been reconstructed. Davis a traitor! The verdict which will be rendered by the "jury winc.u iime empauueis ' will declare him a martvr ! it must ever be a source of nrido anu pleasure to us to remember that although the four years dur mg which Mr. Davis was President ot the Confederacy was a continued struggle lor existence, no act of executive usurpation or violation of constitutional liberty was charged against him or his cabinet. He had no Seward with his bill or btanton with his bloodthirs ty fangs. No Milligan cases disgrace his history. No act of his provoked the scathing denunciation of 'men like Jeremiah Black and Benj. R. Curtis. The right of neutral powers was noc invaded, nor does the ghost of an innocent woman murdered by his man date, hover over his bier. I would say nothins in bitterness. but justice when outraged and persecuted for a quarter of a century, asserts herself and vindicates her rights in no honeyed words. But we live in a day when life is tested by results. When a man dies the world stops its trading aud buying and selling only long enough to ask, what has he left: Whatisthe value of the estate. What shall the answer be as to this man. Was his life without results does h cave us no heritage. To those who value nobiluy of soul, puritv of life, loftiness of charnctir. moral heroism which ran immolate self up.n tne altar of duty, stern and inflexible virtue. devoted ad. herence to country, he has left an inheritance of inestimable nreeut. and if wiselv used. mile.nlAhlA future value. As we close these services and go to our homes let us renew our alliegauce to our common conntrv. learn a iBonn from the hfe of this great man aud let uot his sufferings be in vain. 1 Soine one has said that Mr. Davis was the "slave of con science," another that he "nev er yielded his convictions or bowed to expediency" and another "that he did what his nonvictiona dictated with the unhesitating obedience of a soldier." How the world has ever persecuted anfl oppressed such men, and then, when justice, which travels with a leaden heel, refuses longer to be silent, comes and demands the homage .which wrong must, because God lives and rules the world, ever pay to truth and virtue, when the wise men come to join the few who saw the light, in eulogy and praise. How we do love a great man. The man who finds truth and because he has found it, become brave, true, patient, gentle and kind lives truth suffers for it, and dies with its halo 3 I. O 1. , . . arouuu uis coucu. ounu mou as Socrates, Martin, Laitner, John Bunyan Christopher Columbus. John Milton, Ra phael, Lee, Jackson, and Jef ferson Davis. How, when in this mortal life our path ever beset with doubt, selfishness ever dictat ing to us to do those things which we ought not and to leave undone those things which we ought to do, the lives of those men strengthen and nerve us to do right and think right. "We are ever dallying with truth, compromising right and bowing to expediency. 'The heroic soul does not sell its justice and its nobleness. It asks not to dine nicely and to Bleep warm. The essence of greatness is the perception that virtue is enough. Poverty ia its orna ment. Plenty does not need it and can very well abide its loss." These and such like are the truths which he taught us and we honor his memory by making them our own. But why should we mourn this man. As if to teach us anoth er lesson of His manner of deal ing with the good ven in this life, the Father of mercies has iiiven unto him long life, even beyond four score years and made his death the crowning act of his life. He that ruleth the wind storms and at whose word the seasons come and go, even the Lord our God, who is gra cious and full of compassion, has in the midst of winter, given unto us this bright and beautiful day on which, to await the general resurection, his mortal remains may be consigned to the keeping of the earth. May we not rejoice that he is wrapped in his shroud and forever safe, that he is laid sweetly in his grave, and sleeps well in his native land. Who does not sometimes envy the gocd and brave, who are no more to suffer from the tumults of the natural world and await with curious com placency the speedy term of his own conversation with finite nature ? And yet the love that will be annihilated sooner than treacherous has already made death impossible and affirms itself no mortal, but a native of the deeps of absolute and inextinguishable being. Cordial And Merited Praise. A few days since I had the pleas ure of spending au hour, with the President of the Board of Trustees, at the Wilson Male Academy, and was very much impressed with the interest which Mr. Kelly, the ex cellent Principal, bad aroused in his boys, and his very thorough method of his teaching. This, with some other opportunities which I have had of observing Mr. Kelly's work, convinces me that the Board of Trustees have been most fortu nate in securing his services in edu cating our boys. He evidenily pro ceeds npon the theory that it is not knowledge but the means of ac q niiug knowledge, that constitutes 1 1 ue educatiou. I feel sure that we owe it to our ooys to sustain and encourage Mr. Kelly and the Trus tees in their good woik. A farmer would be as wise and have as good results by planum; seed in unplowed unprepared soil as a teajher in filling a boj's bend without prep aration, with a mass of undigested information. Mr. Kelly evidently understands this, and is doing good woik for our boys by laying deep and solid the foundations upon which their future edu cation is to proceed, I trust that 1 may not be thought oflicious in speaking of that about which I profess but little knowl edge or experience, but there are some truths which may be learned from observation and some things which we learn to value highly by the constant waut ol them. The education of our boys is of intense interest to me and lies near to my heart. This is my apology for ask iug space for thtse words. U. G. Conjjob. KEl'OKT OF THE fONDITIO OF IHE- 1 At w ilson. in tlieStatfi of V.-th i.- . tlie closo of business, on tlm nth ,i,. RESOCKCES i.oansanu u'scounis u- a,o . I . S. lloiiils to secure circulation i -v.il ni. Due from oiher National "Banks"."..".'.." luiiiKuiK-iiuuse, lurnuure, and as- Current expenses ani taxes paid.'.'.".'.' fl.1.12.: 2.4W.58 Checks and oiher cash items!!"......!..!.' 3.312.01 iiiiiowiuuiur DHllKH Fractional paper currency, nickels j.aoo.oo specie Lcfral tender notes ..!...!!.'.... .'' Keilumption fund with r.S. Treasurer (3 per cent, of circulation) ttllU llillCS .it-i.no lT.455.riit 6,41.0G Tot' SM.8i ., , , ilAUIiaTIES. tapilal stock paid in $.V.C!W 0 National Bank note? outatandi'n'j"".".'." 1 Time cert 'ne ten of .lori. ."itI!-$ Cash'er's checks outstanding '..'.'.".'.!!!!!!!!! JcsjS . ,'"J' .infutti jiaui.g li l L", i Bills payable " 'k,;; Total jMT.Sts (fi State of North Carolina. County of Wilson" ss I.John Hutehinson. Cashier of the above rained bank, do solemnly swear that tho above 2nd wl'i"t 18 tFUe l the b9t of my kno ed?o ,V ,JON HUTCHINSON. Cashier. ?' ? 1 nJ s,worn to --fure me this 17th day of Decern bur, Inwh. A. It. DEAXS, C. S. C. COHRECT Attest : F.A. WOOD ART), 5 F. W. n 4 KKS. vTjlrccloM C A VUUNU.C tljr9"' THE STATEMENT . :0: OF 1)1 "11 UllSEMES T-i U fLSOX COUNT r. OF A lif.port of the Finances of Wil son County From Ptcember 1st 1SSS, to lecember 1st 1880. houe 5 25 No 429 David Dan el taking tax list Black Crek.. 17 84 No 4'0 Woolen & Stephen cof lius poor house 5 00 No 431 James T Wiggins lumber ". 2 65 No 43!i Amanda Bvnuiu monthly allowance!) mouths ending Juue 30 60 00 No 433 Theresia Walstou month ly allowance 2 00 No 434 Charles E Blouut Treat. Wilson Light Infantry 250 00 No 435William Barnes Jr one half fees Jesse Jones case 75 No 43G James U Gardner one half ees Jesse Jones case 75 No 437 Calvin Gardner one halt fees Jesse Jones case 1 75 No 438 J T Moore one hall fees Jesse Jones case 80 No 43j A D Parmer one half fees Jesse Jones case 55 No 440 Joseph A Farmer one balf fees Jesse Jones case 55 No 441 L D II Barnes one half fees Horace Sua.v case 1 90 No 442 Joseph Davis one half fees Horace Shaw case 1 90 No 413 K D Taylor one half fees Henry Hunt case 1 75 No 444 G A Barnes one half fees Henry Hunt case .'.1 75 No 445 J J Stevens... 85 No 4 tt KD B Page Amos Batts ai.d wile 77 So 447 I) J Scott Amos Batts and wile 77 N4iSAiex Tike Bovette and Pike No 449 J Q Davis Boyette Pk and ZSiu loJ Li.iij.uiu Ahord aud Pike Bovette ,67 No 451 Bodd'e.... No 452 Bo.. die George !)nitm Sarah Sharp Wiley 1 62 Wilev 1 65 No 453 Wiley Barnes Boddie Wiley 1 C5 Wilev Bod- No 454 Ross Kuflln die 1 C5 Atwater Wiley No 455 Wilbe Boddie 1 65 No 450 J J Barefoot Mamie Noi fleet 1 05 No 457 G F Lamm Ivy Blow 1 55 No 458 Judge Mabry Ivy Blow 1 55 No 459 Warren Woodard Sam Furgerson 70 No 400 Charles Barnes Sam Fur gerson 70 No 401 S B Moore Gill and Batts case 8 Xo 4G2 Thomas IVtiway Gill and Baits case G Xo 40.i Thomas PeUiway Gill anil Batts case G Xo 404 David Hill Stephen Smims 80 Xo 405 David Hill Stephen Si m ins 1 Xo 400 J F Kh nn r J H Batten case l 05 Xo4(J7 Winnie Hitlen J i? Bat ten case l 2i Xo 4GS J F Farmer one half fees J H Batten ease 55 Xo 409 W II Bar ten one hall fees J H Batten ci-e 1 27 Xo 470 Essie Freeman Thorn aud At water case 1 05 Xo 471 W W Barnes Annie Birne 3 10 No 472 Mox Uarriss Annie uanifH o 1 . Xo43W h Griffin Joe Bear 1 55 Xo 471 L-wis Lunm Barney atc" 75 Xo 47-) W i. Gi ill 1 Bainey Wat ou 1 X.) 4n Lewis Limiu Bjrnev V.,fo.... ' ' HI'U .... . Id No 4i J E Batts Oolumbus B.Mium 3 97 Xo 478 D L Baits Columbus By n urn 2 65 No 4.9 W W Flowers taking tax list in Toisnot 23 00 No 480 O W Spivev lumber for bndge 5 -5 Xo 481 Jol.11 .1 Line receiving Stantonsbuitr bridge 10 00 Xo 42 W F M. ie-t lakn g tax list in Wilson Town.sliip 54 32 AUOrsT, 1889. X0 I8, Bartlett Perkins allowance No 481 K'ssiah Flowers mnu! lily ...12 00 monthly ....4 00 IllOl.tll- . ... 2 00 allowance No 485 Theresa Walsion ly allowance Xo 480 Polly allowance Williams luontblv ....1 50 mouthlv ....5 00 monthly Xo 487 Is ha in allowauce Lain ui No 488 Polly Whitley allowance Xo 489 Mrs Tomlinson ' man child 5 50 for Pitt- 1 10 repairing .... 71 83 repairing 53 00 it pairing -27 f Xo 4'JO J B Simmons Wooda ds bridge N' 491 J It Mattox" seven l.iidges X492 I W A J cork' seven bridges Xo 49.5 Orav Ba.etto board. 18 CO iVJ 4Ui 1 "ol , L b n.nntl,!.. ..I lowauce . 1 25 Wiley Mercer retim'rino- Xo 495 Cabbin Branch biidge 60 00 ivj mo i w t'eacock repairing duck iiorn nrnige 3 00 io 4:ii .lo epti r-'iiimer limiting umiKP ut-;ir noiisr 10 00 Xo 498 ll.si wood IJjuum otie ball lees wney Bod..ie c ist- i 05 Xo 499 Need hum Sininis one hall fees Wiley Boddie case 1 Co v.. r-.m c. .1 .. w . uuo oviniey uarriss lepairincr bridgi- 149 62 Jesse M Taj lor Kings Xo 501 biidge. . . No ol)l dirt i ou Bardin hauling 1 C5 liaiues and T JJ ieceiviut,' bridges A li No 503 Wiley Kowe Ietilng and 6 00 Xo y04 Wilt-v Barnes arid D Daniel letting aud receiving bridges """,, 8 00 .No oOo 1 L Parmer letting and receiviug Bridges 3 00 Xo 500 J B Fariell r.'pairinc bridge 26 25 No 507 J T Aycock lettiu'g'ard icuciviuj; onnj-e 1" 00 No 508 G T Bo, kin I , -s brinj? ing prisoners to jail 10 No509 Siam XTewsom n-j ahine (,"-11 nwamn nrioee No 510 Will Farmer allowance No 511 W V hZum bridge No 512 W w'LVmm bridge 1 50 monthly I 10 repairing 25 00 building T . , ... " " UO 'J V 11 YVi laniann ing biidge... build- No 514 Allison Hioh tar I'', , 53 23 ed 0 uiiu. No 515 O W SDivev"iet"tVnc;" receiving bridge "2 n0 oaio w t Mercer nn service . . No 517 John A Liiie 'lertii.r' r. living biid ., ; Vnn No 518 J W Baits h-tri,,' a receiving bridg -.: . 1 No 519 Elizabeth Willi ford io re funded tax listed twice 4 68 No 520 John A Lane Services to date 27 00 No 521 Jesse Norriss services to date 29 70 No 522 It B Deans sei vices to date 21 CO No 523 W W Farmer fei vices to date IC20 No 524 J F Farmer services to ,lf. 2G00 No 525 Mrs Keddeu Biidgers board of prisoners 2 00 No 520 Wiley Barnes woik on abutment 1 No 5137 J C Pearson ; service ac poor house 30 30 No 528 J W Crowell services pension board -t 75 No 5-9 Thomas Moore work at poor bouse 5 75 No 530 J C lladley supplies poor house 81 39 No 531 P A Woodard attorney for two years 100 00 No 532 Silas Lucas Jr hauling bats and working on bridge 2 00 No 533 James T Wiggins lum ber Hominy bridge 4 20 No 534 Dr Nathan Audersou services poor house 15 00 No 535 W W Flowers balance taking tax list 3 38 No 53G E M Nadal drug bill 12 00 SEPTEMBER, 1889. No 537 Bartlett Perkins monthly allowance 12 00 No 538 Theresa Walston month ly allowance 2 00 No 539 Polly Ellis monthly al lowance 1 25 No 540 Isham Lamm monthly al lowance 5 00 No 541 Polly Whitley monthly allowance. B 50 No 542 Will Farmer monthly allowance 110 Xo 543 T A Ricks bc-Iding br:''? C8 65 u44 Kisfuab .Flowers monthly 4 allowance 4 00 JNooliJJ farmer letting and receiving 2 00 No 546 (J B Winhourn building bridge ."50 00 No 54 J 14 Brown colli n tor Polly Williams 2 50 No 548 J A Farmer building bridge 15 57 No 549 B D Kice lor Bob Smith Jone and July allowance 3 00 No 550 Allison High officer ol the. grand jury Spring term 6 00 No 551 J J Bynum taking tax list in Saratoga 17 40 No 552 J t) Pearsoo paid for work at poor bouse 1 50 No 553 Tempy Ronntne work at poor house 3 00 Xo 554 J O Pearson services at poor house 30 00 No o55 S M Warren for making tax list 258 10 No 556 Mrs Redden Bridgets board prisoners 19 No 557 J W Crowtll coal bin 7 16 No 558 J W Crowell expense to aavlam 15 10 No 559 J W Crowell tox re ceipts 10 40 Xo 560 J F Farmer t-errices. G CO NoaGl W F Mercer services cost &c 6 40 No 562 J C Hadley supplies poor nuuse ti ( aa No 5G3 J H Grant fees in Sea bury case 9 18 Xo 564 Branch Briggs & Co sup plies poor honse 36 13 No 5G5 Wilson Advance printing 3 25 October, 1S89. No 560 Bartlett Prlos monthly allowance 12 00 No 567 Miss Kissiah Flowers monthly allowance 4 00 No 568 Polly Ellis monthly al lowance 1 25 No5G9 Isham Lamm monthly al lowance 5 00 No 570 Will Farmer monthly al lowance 1 10 No 571 J W Cherry repairing White's Bridge 55 72 No 572 B E Thompson coffin for Bob Smith .2 50 No 573 Bardin Lacas to buy truss 9 75 No 574 Bob Smith monthly al lowance 5 00 . ........ V " ' T II, Til - :uju v riowers removing wney roster to Wdgecombe. . .1 00 .No o6 Theresa Walston montblv allowance 2 00 No 04 Tolly Whitlev month. v allowance 5 -,n lo .(8 b M Warren listiuff nnr. cnase tax cross index 51 20 Ao.-xuw T Pittman ou bridge account inn 00 No 580 Applewhite Lane & d rations to Meek and Vesey 2 74 No 581 J F Farmer services mdse &c o t n- .no .08 V 1 Mercer letting: and - i(- ieeeiv..iK oriage 2 00 ao v V Mercer vs Itufus J Z d, iNoo4 J Gay market bill.. 37 No 585 J (J Pearson services and paid hands 33 90 iNo oao liobert Raper rations ljauretta v atson 3 go NooS K JJ Baker rations Sallv " 6 60 -o os n l Finch desk for Shils m 5 00 iNo oH'J J It Ellis rat;ons furnish cu x aisy isoyce 3 ;;p No 590 Roscoe B Barnes repair ing Heoininy bridje 5 00 No 591 J W Crowell expense Jim Thomas c j0 Xo 592 Mrs Redden Bridgers board prisoners jjq io No 593 J W Lancaster examina tion Jim Thomas 3 00 No 594 Edwards & Broughton blanks for clerk 3 Xo 595 John U Hadley supplies luor uuu-e 751 aoouo Wilson Advance printing 5 No 597 Wooteu & Stevens cor fins mattress &c 1 r. d ... U..UM ggs i, v.o sup. ','co 38 08 NOVEMliEU No 599 Bartlett Perkins inoutlily allowance . . 10 ojj No 600 Kissiah Flowers ii.nnti.i-. allowance . . a nn No 601 Theresa Walston monthlr allowance -V .nn T.. . W doj isuam 1 .a mm monthly r. I,. allowance no ooj lony vvuilhy monthly al lowance . 5 -n No 604 Tollv KM in mnntl.lt. l IoTn. ' 1 50 o nua ueo P Clark ciier of the . 1200 xo ojl, j ji Bark ley letting aud icur tug 1)1 14!gt . . O CO No 6.7 Wnl Farmer mouthlv al lowance . . "j 1Q No 608 W P P.tlman building Town Creek bridge . 83 No 609 W W Boykin tax refund ed on real estate . 2 m No G10 Amanda Kennedy mo tth l.v allowance Dec Ut '88 10 Nov 3011,1889 . . . 0 Q No 611 Amanda B.num monthly allowance July 1st to Nov 30ih . . .33 33 No 612 J 0 Pearson services anil paid hands . . 3,, r8 NoGl3DG Jackson board' for jurors . , No 614 LiinNay Vow hung jury NoGl5 A W liowlaiiii No 616 Wilson Ad vane ' 1 tij it::. X 617 Pr X it 1, ;in seiviees poor lnii-. A:., I, No 618 J A Lain board ill No 619 Caleb S.nils raft from Hnffins bridge -l-M n'""vh , 1 in No 620 W W Farmer board No 521 1! II Deans board vr T xT sctv: Oil H1 iriu ixo nij jesse xNorns servirc boa ni . . . "11 NoC23J F Farmer i.i .. fe.vi,., No 025 K K Cair tax on real estate 1. feli,., No 026 John S Bail j ,... receiving bridge No 627 W W Fit. ,' : hi,, and receiving bridge No 028 G 1 Winsteml hi !ti ht. bridge . . No 62:) V, K Wui.stea,! 1U for bridge No 630 Biam-'i Br ggs - plies poor hou.-r No 631 J C S Tm.csde., ,. t , standard weights No 632 S M Wair.11 nel.t gage for standard weights" No 633 A B Deans fees etc J (ol LiC. wards & i; U'l!'il?;. dockets No 635 Ilarrells printm Kill, 4 ; No 636 Ham-IPs priiiimj blanks Xo 637 JuoT Manning iv jail No 638 Mrs Redden board prisoners No 639 Wm Woodard Si Toisnot bridge No 640 James T Wiggle In-- No 041 J C lladley Nupplie. house No 642 Davis & Gay iinle house . . . No G43 C Capps oin ; ,;i Win Easou No 644 Martin R iju r u, lees Wm Eason No G45 John Skiuuei one fees Bettie Cobb I r I'll 1(1 !l.t i 1 it a '! No 646 Sam Vins one f,. Jesse Skinner Xo 647 Sillie Wood.ud 01, j,..". fees Elias Baker . ; , Xo 648 Stephen Wooded ,. half fees Elias Baker 1 ; No 649 Luue Dixon one hall 1, George Hjnum . . 1 ,;- Xo 650 B B Cox one lull 1,.., Wiley Blount . 1 No 651 John Skinner n,- i ,1 fees Bel tie Cob and otl.eis Xo G52 J T Boswell on- hVf t,(A Frank Barden . ;-, Xo 653 Gray Mitchell on. h,:"i fees Frauk Burden . 1 No 654 J J Bell one 'h.tlt ,,' Frank Harden . . . ; Xo 655 Ben Barnes one h.iil f,-s Frank Baiden . 1 : X ) 656 Nathan Bass one In l t.ti Jesse Bass . 1 Xo 657 Robt Raper one hall he. Jesse Bass . , 1 No 658 J J Barnes one hall' W. Jesse B . '8 . . No G59 J W Ferrell one half (,, Jese Bass . . 1 No 660 Perry Bass one baa ftws Jesse Bass . . 1 20 xo 001 Nathan Bass one ha!! k-f? Jesse Bass . . 1 v; No 602 J W Ferrell one halt" ks Jesse Bass . . Xo G63 J J Barnes one half l i Jesse Bass . . 1 Xo GG4 Z II Rose one h.iil' iVf Mack Barnes . 1 1 ;. 6G5 C T Mosley one h ..I;' l is Mack Barnes . . 1 1 j Xo G"G O G Jones one h i f f. , s Mack Barnes . . ! 1 NoGG7V II G Sett n' !nl fees iIack Barnes '..1 No 668 O G Jones ou.- l,.t I Mack B-uues Xo 669 O G Jones one In I f.vs Mack Barnes . . 1 No 070 Z R Rose one half U t- Mack Barnes . . 1 No 671 C F Mosley one h.,.! h.-i , 1 Mack Barnes . . ! .7. No 672 Chas Blount one h i!: 1 Mack Barnes . . l No 673 Chas Blount one h.'i ( Mack Barnes . . 1' hi No G74 0 T Mosley one hall' wi Mack Barnes . . ! 1 j No 675 El bo Jones one ' i'c n Walter Ellis ... I V" No 67G 3mitli T'euuelt on- hail lees Turner Eat man . 11" No 677 Win WcoJard one h.t ! fees Turner Eatman . I'.'i No 678 Wells Dawes one i aH !n" Gray Jo. ner , No G79F L Farmer one hail 1 Turner Williamson . u No 680 A B Bojkin one lull 1.'" Turner Williamson . 1 "" X681 Jimmy Brown ou,- ! ! taes Jfsse Williams . I No Gs2 Dennis Bynum ,n. ',,,..1 fees Jesse Williams 1 No 683 Mary Eliza Tin lot one in f fees Jesse Williams . 1 Y Xo 684 !r N B I lei ring o-- iu lets Algie Vatighan . Ill1 No 6s5 l !er Dink Bam - !; half fees Hood Pniiliiw 1 :' No 68G Thomas Kills .,,a- I..1I1 fees Ilnod Philiips , 1 V. NO 687 Ab-x Moore one h ,!l feH Hood Ph.llips . . ! No Gbfi idney Suuimt ila;.-! half Ices Arnold Mooie ! I- No 689 B N Owens one h.,if - Arnold Moore . . ! Xo GUO Wil-y Ellis one halt Will Jones . I No 691 W W Barnes one i ' l Will Jones . . 1 No 692 Jonas Oettinger one !i i!f fees Calvin J tattle . ! '"' No G93 Nancy Barm s one i 1 fees Calvin Battle . ! No G94 James II Marhl ;n one halt fees t'alvin Battle I "' No 695 Jesse Dew one h ill ! Calvin Rattle . . ' No 096 D A Yelvertc n 01 , V'ii fees Arnold Moore . i I- No 6;i7 B II Williams o; h J fees Dempsey Holland I ; '' Xo 608 J W Goo.liich one i-a!i' fees Dempsey Holland . ! : - Xo 699 Council K-eri one :; : I f. s Dempsey Holland i 1 No 700 J G Jackson one t 1 ' fees K 1) Taylor No 701 .1 F blokes o-,e h i f '" " K 1) Tav'oi . . i-' No 702 John M i.sli .il . ! ' 1 fees Lawrence Ward . 1 No 703 G A Barnes one hal! ' Liwienee Waul , I ' Ni 701 .1 E Pearson one h i 1 ' Liwrenee Waid . - - No 705 Wiley Pace one ha ! 1 Jes Sea berry . - ' " No 706 liansom Pace ' 1 fes .Jesse oeabeny . - X'o 707 A L Wi-Tililis o" e : 11 fees P iiie Carter cse ' No 708 B.Muim Bnle n- '''.' fees Page Carter case . 1 Vl No 70.1 Error . " ' No 710 Ben Viues bt-I 1,1 " A C Burnett case. : No 711 Ben Viues whole fees A (Continued onilril iw- k 7 T :B"- 7

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