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I3 called the "Father of Diseases."
It is caused by a Torpid Liver,
and is generally accompanied with
LOSS OF APPETITE,
BAD BREATH, Etc.
To treat constipation successfully
It i3 a mild laxative and atonic to
tho digestive organs. By taking
Simmons Liver Regulator you
promote digestion, bring on a reg
ular habit of body and prevent
iiliousnes3 and Indigestion.
'"' wife wns sorely distressed with Constipa
te. n ar.il couching, followed with Hleedinj; Piles.
Alter four months use of Simmons I.iver Regulator
sho is aimo.: entirely relieved, gaining strength
and liesh." W. B. Lebprr, Delaware, Ohio.
Take only the Genuine,
V.'i.ich has on the Wrapper the red Trade-
maik. and Signature
J. II. ZEIL1N & CO,
Tho Important Dooumont Road
to Our Law Makers.
WHAT THE PRESIDENT THINKS
Of tin- I . u l 11- OuestioiiH tlmt A fleet the
Hoily 1'nlitic The Kt'iiudios
AsuiMi ton. IK'i-cintier 4. Tlu reg
ul;ir Msimi of Congress convt-uoil at
no. ii toii;i y, witli a full attendance,
luim.-diatelv after organization, the
ire:d..'nts meaye was received and
read, us follows:
To ti e (.'..nyress of the United States:
Thi' eoiistitntioiial duty which re
ii'.iire the president from time to time
in i'ii' t'i the congress information of
t lie .tte of tiie I'nion and reeommend
in 1 : : 1 i : consideration sueh meaim-s as
iie .vli;ti I jndye necessary and expedient
t'.'.t in .'ly entered uy n ly commending'
to tl;e eoi-.jfivss a careful examination
I" tie detailed statements and well
m;,!P' 'I'ted recommendations contained
in tiie .v ports of the heads of depart
. 1 : . -1 1 1 -. v. I.o are ehieily huryed with the
executive work of the o-overnmfiit.
In an elVurt to ahridye this eoinmuni
c;;l ii .11 11. ueh as is consistent with it s
''.'.",' . 1 shall supplement a Uriel ref
erence X the contents of these depart
1:1 1 i reports ly the mention of such
executive I'Usir.ess and incidents as are
in t e:n I if.iced t'livrein, and ly sm h rce-
iinr.e.i.lati.'iis as appear to be at this
;.:!! e-idar time ;ippi'' ipriate.
W i.iie our foreign relation1, have not
at ;.: i t iines dnrin. the past year heen
entirely tree from perplexity, no em
i .iri'.i iii- situation remains that will
n. -t yield to the spirit of fairness and
i"Ve o;' jestice. which, joiiu-d with coii-sistv-.o
;ii-ii.;iess. characterize a truly
Auie'.-u-.-ia torei'.n poiiey.
My predecessor having accepted the
o!;i-e of arbitrator of. the longstanding
ni!-siou beyond any dispute tendered to
t :,e president by tiie Argentine Kcp.uli
lic and i!i'a.il. it has been my agreeable
.li ty t receive the special envoys coiu
H.issioi'ed by those states to lay before
me evidi !i -e and arguments in behalf of
ti.eir ri'spective ivcrniiK,iit
Till: TIJol iU.Ks IN IIUAZII..
The outbreaiy- of domestic hostilities in
ti.e reimblic of llra.il bound the I'nited
suites to watch the interests of our citi
.. ;is in tiiat country, with which we
carry on important commerce. Several
vesv is of our new navy are now and
for urn' time have been stationed at
!;'; ii' Janeiro. The strule beiny be
tween the established government
w'lich controls the machinery of the
administration and with which we
luain am friendly relations, ami certain
oilicers of tiie navy employing the ves
sels of tlieir command in an attack upon
ti.e capital and chief seaport, and lack
in.u". as it does, the elements of divided
ailnr.instralion, I nave iaileii 10 see mat,
the in-invents can claim recognition as
Thus far the position of our .',ivern
men; has been that of an attentive but
i:n partial observer of the unfortunate
.onllict. liinphasizin- our poiiey of im
partial neutrality in such a condition as
now exists, I deemed it necessary to
disavow in a manner not to be misun-
ilcr-t !. the unauthorized action of our
late naval commander in those waters
in sa'r.tiii- the revolted ltrazi'.ian ad
miral, bciiiii" indisposed to countenance
;m ait ciicuhdcd to o-'ive gratuitous
sanction to the local insurrection.
Till: CHII.KAN CLAIMS.
The convention between our govern
ment and Chile, having for its object
the settlement a lid adjustment of the
lemamis of t he two countries against
cadi other, has been made effective by
! ,e oivani.at ion of the claims commis
si: ..i pri ivided for.
'i ne two governments failing to a,i,rree
I 1: "on t he 1 liird member of the eommis--I
tin' piniliillii'i'Mif the president of
' !'i Swiss republic were invoked, as pro-
..led in the treaty, and the selection of
: i j.e Swiss representative in this coun
r i-i complete the organization was
. -t 1 i in;;' alike to the United States
m:a"s iu:i:ak iikviiavkd.
vexatious question of so-called
;.-:ilioii asyimiis for oit'eiulers a;;ainst
; i ,e st.ite and its laws, was presented
anew ill ( liile by the unauthorized ac
. (ion of tiie late United States minister
1 ,.1 ,e( eiviiiL;" into his official residence
i two pe-soits who had bist failed in an
; .:t : .-in pi at revolution, and against whom
j criminal charges were pendinr, erow-i:i.'-ot.t
of a former aboilive liisturb-
The doctrine of asylum as applied to
tiiis ease is not safietiolied by the best
precedents, and. when allowed, tends to
cneoinML-c sedition and strife. Under no
i unis't a nees can t he rejiresentatives of
I 'ai. ;s ". ernuii nt be iermitted. under the
ill-denned liction of extra territoriality,
l ir.t ".'runt the administration of crim
inal justice in the countries to which
hey "arc accredited. A temperate de
mand having been made by the Chilean
j.i.i Ttiinent for the correction of this
,'onda -t in tiie instance mentioned, the
minister was instructed to 110 longer
harbor the offenders.
AS TO Tilt: liEARV LAW.
The le jishition of last year known as
tiie ( ieary law, re.piiriny the registration
,f all Chinese entitled to residence in the
I nib d States, and the deportation of all
not c 'in plying with the provisions of the
act within the time prescribed, met with
1111 i'-l 1 opposition trom Chinamen. Actinsr
upon 1 lie advice of eminent counsel that
the law wa unconstitutional, the great
mass of Chinese laborers, pending judi
cial inquiry as to its validity v in good
laitn seemed 10 appiy ior uie ueiunaues
required. A test case upon proceeding
by habeas corpus was brought before
the supreme court, and 011 Mav 15th,
1 s'.i:, :t decision was made by that tri
bunal sustaining the law.
It is believed that under the recent
amendment of the act extending the
time for registration, the (.liinese
laborers thereto entitled, who desired
to reside in this country, will now
avail themselves o th renewed privi
lege thus afforded of establishing by
lawful procedure their right to re
main, and that thereby the necessity
of enforced deportation may, to a great
degree, be avoided.
MISSlO.NAltV Ml' ft 1K HS IX CHINA.
It has developed upon the United
States minister at l'ekin, as dean of
the diplomatic body, in the absence of
a representative of Sweden and Nor
way, to press upon the Chinese gov
ernment reparation for the recent
murder of Swedish missionaries at
Sung Per. This question is of vital
interest to all countries whose cit
izens engage in missionary work in
1111: si ki:knii:k of wkkks.
Co-ta Pica has lately testified its
fi iendliness by sti: rf .1:1 -ri.i.f to th
United Slates, in the anse-ac of a
convention of ext r.i.ii 1 io;:. bat. upon
duly submitted evidence of criminali
ty, a noted fugitive from justice. It
is trusted that the negotl.it ions of a
tieaty with tin- country to meet recur
ring cases of this kind will soon be ac
complished. In my opinion, treaties
for reciprocal extradition should 1m
coneiinied with all those countries
with which the United States has not
a'rcodv conventional arrangements of
tha t character.
1 have deemed it fitting to express
to t he governments of Costa Pica and
Colombia the kindly desire of the Uni
ted states to see their pending1 bound
ary dispute finally closed by arbitra
tion in conformity with the spirit of
the treaty concluded between them
some yea rs ago.
IT!! Kl Ilol'KAX KKI. ATIO.NH,
Our relat ions with France continue
to be intimate and cordial. 1 sincerely
hope that the extradition treaty with
that country, as amended by the sen
ate, '.vid soon be in operation.
While- occasional questions affecting
our mil nra ii zed citizens returning to
I he land of 1 1. "ir birth have arisen in
our intercourse with Uermany, our re
lations with that country continue
sa t isfaci 1 ry.
Tiie questions a H'eeting our relations
witht'reat Pritain have been treated
in a spirit of friendliness. Negotia
tions are in progress between the two
governments with a view to such con
current action as will make the award
ac.d regulations agreed upon by the
Pel ring sea tribunal of arbitration
practically etVeciive: and it is not
doable. I that (Ireat Pritain will co-op
elate i"r. ely with this country for the
:m oMipi ish men t of that purpose. The
dispute growing out of the discrimi
nating toil.-, imposed in the Welland
'anal, upon cargoes of cereals bound
to i 1 I from the lake ports of the Uni
ted Slates was adjusted by the substi
tution of a more equi t tble of charges,
and. my predecessor thereupon sus
pended his pro. -'amatioT imposing dis
criminating tolls tumii Pritish transit
through our I'anais.
A re.ntest for a.hlit leer to the list of
et radi'aMe olVcnses oered by the
existing treaty between the two coun
tries is under consideration.
Ii'. NCK A N i I.IUKKIA.
A ii' tab e part of the southeasterly
(asi of Liberia, between the Cavaily
and San Pedro rivers, which for nearly
half a century has been generally rec
ognized as In-longing to that republic by
cessi. m ;ir.d purchase h:is been claimed
to be under the protectorate of Prance
in virtue of agreements entered into by
the native tribes over whom Liberia's
control has not been well maintained.
M ore reeently, negot iat ions bet ween the
Liberian representative and the l-'rencb
government resulted in the signature at
Paris of a treaty whereby, as an ad
just ment. cert rin Liberian territory is
ceded to France. This convention at
last advices had not been ratified by the
Liberian legislature and executive.
Feeling a sympathetic interest in the
foitiir.es of the little commonwealth,
the establishment and development of
which was largely aided by the benevo
lence of our countrymen, and which
constitutes the only independently sov
ereign state on the west coast of Africa,
t his government has suggested to the
French government its earnest concern
lest territorial impairmemt in Liberia
should take place without her uncon
MKXK o IS AM, HIHIIT.
Our relation-, with Mexico continue to
be of that close and friendly nature
which should always characterize the
intercourse of two neighboring repub
NlCAI(.(iI AS CIVIL TI'.OTItl.KS.
Nicaragua has passed through two
revolutions, the party at first success
ful, having in turn been displaced by
another, and our newly appointed
minister, by his timely gooil oilices,
aided in a peaceful mi jiistinent of the
controversy involved in the iirst con
flict. The large American interests
established in that country in connec
tion with tiie Nicaragua canal were
The United States are especially in
terested in t he successful achievement
of the vast undertaking this company
has in charge. That it should be ac
complished under distinctively Ameri
ca n auspices a ml its en jo ment assured
not only to the vessels of this country
as a channel of communication be
tween our Atlantic ami Pacific sea
boards, but to the ships of the world
in the interest of civilization, isa prop
osition which, in my judgement does
not admit of question.
Ni-:v i:ti:. UMTio.v ti:katii:s.
An extradition treaty with Norway
has recently been exchanged and pro
claimed. The extradition treaty with llussia.
signed in March JssT and amended and
L-o.'i 'ii'incl by the senate in February
last, was duU proclaimed last June.
CLAIMS AOAINST SPAIN.
"More than fifteen years ago this gov
?rnment preferred a claim against
Spain in behalf of one of our citizens
for nroperty seized and con hsc:i ted in
I'uba. In lssi; the claim was adjusted.
Spain agreeing to pay uncondition
ally, lis a fair indemnity, 61 .r.OO.oin).
A respectful but earnest note was
reeently addressed to the Spanish gov
ernment, insisting upon the prompt
f ui Ii 1 1 nit n t of its long neglected obli
Other claims preferred by the United
Stales against Spain, in behalf of Amer
ican citizens, for property confiscated in
i'uba. have been pending for many
At the t line Spam s t it le to the Carolina
Islands was confirmed by arbitration,
that governm-Mit agreed that the rights
kvhich had been acquired there by Amer
ican missionaries, should be recognized
ind respected. It is sincerely hoped that
:his pledge will lie observed by allowing
iur missionaries, who were removed
Trom Pon ape to a place of safety by a
United States war ship during the late
trouble between the Spanish garrison
ind the natives, to return to their lield
TUOI IU.K WITH TUP. TCRKS.
Import ant matters have demanded our
ittentions to the Ottoman Porte.
The firing and partial destruction, by
vn unrestrained mob. of one of the
WILSON COUNTY, N. C, DECEMBER, 7 1S9
schoor buildings or Anatolia College, es
;ablishel by citizens of the United 'states
at Marsovan. and the apparent indiffer
ence of the Turkish government to the
Dutrage, notwithstanding the complicity
Df some of its officials, called for earnest
remonstrance, which was followed by'
promises of reparation and the punish
ment of the offenders. Indemnity for
the injury to the buildings has already'
been paid, permission to rebuild given,'
registration of the school property in
the name of the American owners se
jured, aul eilicient protection yuaraja
teed. TIIR 31.VWAIIAX E.MIiUOGLlO.
It is hardly necessary forme to state
that the questions arising from our
relations with Hawaii have caused se
Jsut prior to the installment of the
present administration, the existent
government of Hawaii had been sud
denly overthrown, and a treaty of an
nexation had been negotiated be
tween the provisional government of
the islands and the United States and
submitted to the senate for certifica
tion. This treaty I withdrew for exami
nation and ditipatched Hon. James II.
lllount, of (Jeorgia, to Honolulu as a
special messenger 1o make an impar
tial investigation of the circumstances
attending t he change of government, '
and of all the conditions bearing upon i
the subject of the treaty.
After a thorough and exhaustive ex-
examination. Mr. lllount submitted '
to me his report, showing beyond all
question that the constitutional gov
ernment of Hawaii had been sul
verted with the active aid of our rep
resentative to that government and
through the intimidation caused by
the presence of armed naval force of
J lie I'nited States which was landed
that purpose at the instance of our
Upon the facts developed, it seemed
to me that the only honorable course
for our government to pursue was to
undo the wrong that had been done
by those representing 11s, and to re-r-tore.
as far as practicable, the status
existing at the time of our forcible in
tervention. Pl'.OOKLsS OF AUniTHATION.
Pv a concurrent resolution passed bv
he senate February I t, IVee. and by the
onse of representatives on the "Srd of
,pril following, the president was re-
nested "to invite from time to time, as
ft occasions may arise, negotiations
-. ithanv government with which the
United States has or may have diplo
matic relations, to the end that any dif
ferences or disputes -arising between the
(wo governments w hich cannot be ad
justed by diplomatic agency, may be
1 ferret 1 to arbitration and he peaceably
I djusted by such means."
April IS. is'. (, the International
American Conference of Washington,
by resolution expressed the wish that
the controversies between the republics
i f America and the nations of I'nrope
might be settled by arbitration and ree-i-mmended
that th-' government of each
pution represented in that conference.
I isouhl communicate this wish to all
A favorable response has been re
ceived from ( bvat Pritain in the shape
i f a resolution adopted by the par'.ia
jaer.tJuly Pith. last, cordially sympa
thizing w ith the purpose in view and
expressing the hope that her majesty's
p iverninent will lend, ready 0 - peration
to the government of the United States
upon the basis of the concurrent reso
lution above quoted.
it affords me signal pleasure to lay
this parliamentary resolution before the
congress, and to express my sincere
gratification that the sentiment of two
great and kindred nations is thus au
thoritatively manifested in favor of the
rational and peaceable settlement of
international quarrels by honorable re
sort to arbitratii n.
STATK OF Till-: TULASt'liY.
The secretary of the treasury reports
that the receipts of the government
from all sources during the fiscal year
ending June io. ls'.ci, amounted to
S-ti'.1.7!'.."tjl.'.4, and its expenditure'-, to
SJ.V.i.'iTt.t". h ".'. There was collected
from customs S2,.i.Vf.1."i. "PI T.'i. and from
internal revenue $-l'l.','7. '':.'.''. Our
dutiable imports amounted to 5 b'l.s.Vi.
711, an increase of S.V.'.4':'..'Mi7 over the
preceding year, and importations free
of duty amounted to $11 La l.VJl 1, a de
crease from the preceding year of
J? Pi, 4."i.".-l 47' Internal revenue receipts
exceeded of the preccedlng year by
It is estimated upon the basis of
the present revenue hi as thai the re
ceipts of the government for the year
ending June 'in. 1 '.'!. will be .S."):!'i.'lM.
.'!."i..''S and its expenditures 6 1 ", 1 "J L
'''."i..'is resulting in a deficiency of
n the first day of November. Ism.
the amount of money of all kinds in
circulation, or not included in lre;is
ury holdings, was ?1.7 IS.: "i4 f,i',s, an ln.
crease for the year of SU".'.4!.s,i.7.
F.stimating our population at '-7. 1'.Vi,
000 at the time mentioned, the per
capita circulation was .'.") 4''.
During the year ll'.i banks were or
ganized in thirty-two states and ter
ritories with a capital stock of $11,
JISi distributed as follows:
Forty-four with a capital stock of
8.",1 ". bb() in the eastern states: forty
one with a capital stock of S".:"; lo.n(ii),
west of the Mississippi river, and thirty-four
with a capital stock- of S:!.7.l,",0()u
in the central and southern states.
Within the same period Lis banks
suspended with a capital stock of .6.'!0,
'V.10.000. Of this number eighty-six
with a capital stock of Sl.'.'iia.ouo re
sumed, and sixty-iive passed into the
hand.; ot receivers, witha capital stock
TUP. SUKRMA X LAW liKi'KAL.
The recent repeal of the provision of
Jaw requiring the purchase of silver
bullion by the government as a feature
of our monetary scheme has made an
entire change in the complexion of our
I'urrcncy affairs. I do not doubt that
the ultimate result of this action will be
jnost salutary and far-reaching.
In the nature of things, however. It is
impossible to know at t his time precisely
what conditions will be brought about
by the change, or what, if any. supple
mentary legislation may. in the light of
Mich conditions, appear to be essential
Of course, after the recent financial
perturbation, time is necessary for the
"re-establishment of business e n-idenee.
When, however, through this restored
confidence, the money which has been
frightened into hoarding places is re
turned to trade and enterprise, a survey
i f the situation will probably disclose a
hate path leadingto a permanently sound
currency abundantly suilieicnt to meet
every requirement of our increasing
population and business.
In the pursuit of this object we should
resolutely turn away from all alluring
and temporary expedients, determined
to be content with nothing less than a
lasting and comprehensive financial
HKAKOXAIU.F. DELAY TIIK UK ST.
In these circumstances I am convinced
thot a reasonable delay in dealing' with
this subject, instead of being injurious,
will increase the probability of wise ac
tion. THE MONETARY CONFF.HF.XCE.
The monetary con fere J ice which as
Bembled at Prussels upon our invitation,
was adjourned to the .'i()th day of No
vember in the present year.
The consideration just stated and
the fact that a definite proposition
from us seemed to be expected upon
Hood's Tills are purely vegetable.
Highe. : cf ail in Lrcvtnin- fewer.
the reassembling of the conference
led me to express a willingness to have j
the meeting still further postponed, j
It seems to me that it would be wise j
to give gen-'rul authority to the presi-
dent to invite other nations to such a '
conference at any time when there,
should be a fair prospect of accom
plishing ar international agreement;
on the sublet of coinage.
A.J TO A F.O.ND I.-St'E.
I desire also to earnestly suggest
the wisdom of amending the existing
statutes in regard to the issuance of
The authority now vested in the
secretary of tiie treasury to issue
bonds is net as clear as it should be
and the bonds authorized are disad
vantageous to the government, both
os to the time of their maturity and
rate of interest.
(it'll MILITARY FOOTINO.
The secretary of war reports that the
strength of the army on the :' ith day of
September .ast was -2:., . , S enlisted men
and 2,144 oilicers. The total expendi
tures of the department for the year
(ending June 80. 1 '.).. amounted to
51,Jiii.074.S'). Of this sum .t1,'.''.'2.5S1.'.;5
was for salaries and contingent ex-
fienses. S23,377,S2S.:r) for the support of
, he military establishment, sr.. (177,0:1:1. IS
for miscellaneous objects and S2!i.."ilS,
031.41 for public works. This latter
Mim includes .Sl.".2!i'.S.'.4i; for river and
harbor improvements and S:i'."i'i. 1 11.20
for fortifications and other works of
The total enrollment of the militia of
the several states was on the 'fist of
October of the current year. 1 12..V.17
officers end enlisted men. The ol'iicer.s
of the army detailed for the inspection
nd instruction of this reserve of our
jnilitary force, report that increased in-
terest and :narked pn
of rent in the discipline
Ol'K SEACOAST DPI K.Ci:s.
It is gratifying to note t ha' we have
begun to gain completed results i:i the
comprehensive scheme of seaeoast de
fense and fortification entered upon
eight years ago. A large sum has been
already expended, but the cost of main
tenance will be inconsiderable as com
pared with the expense of construct ion
and ordnance. At tiie cud of the cur
rent calendar year. 1 he vac department
will, have It twelve-inch guns. ten
inch and 31 eight-inch guns ready to be
niountee 0:1 gun litis and carriages, and
75 twelve-inch mortars. In aldi'.-on to
the product of the army gun k.etory,
now completed at W.itervilct. the gov
ernment has contracted with private
parties for the purchase of one hm dred
guns of these calibers, tin' first of which
should be delivered to the department
for test before July 1. fs'ei.
The reports of the military academy
at West P- 'nt and the several schools
for the spe- i.J in-i ruction of Min
cers, showed marked advance in the
education in the army ami a com, i:er. !
able ambition to lit thv-mseKcs for the
highest service of the country.
Tin: i. foal Pi;r. i: 1 :n;N r.
The report of the at torney-gener::!
contains the usual summary of the
affairs and proceedings of tiie depart
ment of justice for the past e:;r. to
gether v. ith certain rco .muiendat : ens
as to needed legislation on various
I cannot too heartily endorse the
proposition that the fee system as ap
plicable to the compensation of United
States attorneys, marshals, clerks of
federal courts and U 11 ited S ia ! es com
missioners should be abolished with
as little delay as pol sib'e. It is clearly
in the interest of the community that,
the business of t he courts, both civil
ami criminal, shall be as email and
inexpensive! v transacted as the ends
of justice will allow.
I also heartily join il
general in recommending
lixingthe degree.-, pf the ci
der within the federal jm i
has been done in many of
te of mur
on belin! f i f
authorizing writs of eri.i
nt in c;ues wii
ga i nst
liciencv of an indictment or
the govcrnnnMit upon any ot her q
tion arising before actual trial: h
ing the right of review of cases of
ony jninisluible only by fine and
prisonnienl to the circuit court of
peals and making speedy previsi e
the construction ot
reforinatorit s as ma;
the confinement of i
IN TUP. posiopri, ;:.
The report of the postmaster gen
eral contains a detailed statement of
the operation of the posioidee depart
ment during the last fiscal year ami
.much inseresting information toueh
jng this imbortaut biauch of the pub
The business of the mails indicates
wit h absol ute certainty the condition
of the business of the country, and de
pression in financial affairs inevitably
and quickly reduces the postal reve
nues. Therefore. a larger discre
pancy than usual between the post
j.fiice receipts and expenditures is the
evpeeted and unavoidable result of
the distressing stringency which ha s
prevailed throughout the country dur
ing much of tee time covered by the
pi.tmaster general's report.
'. The postollice receipts for the last
fiscal year amounted to 5:72.77'i.::'.:!.'
audits expenditure to S,; 1 .07 Ltd ).'.'..
This postollice deficiency would
.disappear if less matter was carried
free through the mails, an item of
which is upward of three bundled
tons of seeds and grain from the agri
.c u 1 1 u ra 1 department.
The total numb-.-r of postofiices in
.the United States on the :;uth of June.
1S'.2. was (is-.4ii2. in increase of 1. -.-
nvi'i- the preceding year, of these
l!.3'.0 were ju-esidential. an increase
in that class of -Jut over the preeeediug
' There are now connected to the post
oiiice establishment 2V.2 c:nil- ;. es w 'no
are in the classified service-.
VALPF. OF Till". CIVIL sp.nvicE.
The head of this department gives
conclusive evidence of the value of civil
.service re form. when, alter an experience
that renders his conclusion reliable, he
expresses the opinion that without t he
benefit of this system womd be bupo-e.i-ble
to conduct the vast business en
trusted to him.
I desire to commend as especially
worthy of prompt attention, the sugges
tion of the postmaster general relating
to a more sensible and businessdike or
ganization and a better distribution of
responsibility in his department,
orii (iiiowixr, navy.
The report of the secretary of the navy
contains a history of the operation- l
his department during the past year,
and exhibits a most gratifying condition
of the personnel of our navy. He pre.
sents satisfactory account of the pro
gress which has been made in the con
struction of vessels and makes a numbei
of recommendations to which attention
is especially invited.
I F -
Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
While I am distinctly in favor of con-,
s'is'ienily je.n--.uing the policy we have
inau'j -.: rated of building up a thorough
r.n l efficient navy. 1 cannot refrain from
the suggestion that (ngress should
:-art -fully take into account the unfln
islied ves-Hs on our hands and the do
pleted condition of our treasury in con
sidering the propriety of an appropria
tion at this time to begin new work.
Tin; civil .spuvicF..
The continued intelligent execution
of the civil service la w a ml the increas
ing approval by tiie people by its oper
atioiis are most gratifying.
I rm. if possible, more than ever con
vinced of the incalculable benefits con
ferred by the civil service law, not
only in its effect upon the public ser
vice, but also what is even more im-
poi iani in iis effect in elevating the
tone of poP:: -::! iiiV generally.
Few r.;:ii T KF.i-MUM.
A fter a hard struggle, tariff reform
is directly before us. Nothing so im
portant claims our attention and noth
irg so clearly 'presents itself as both
an opn erf unity and a duty, an oppor
tunity to deserve the gratitude of our
fellow citizens and a duty imposed
up-n us by our oft-repeated profes
sions am! by the emphatic mandate of
Al'eer full discussion, our country
men have spoken in favor of this re
form, and they have confided the work
of its accomplishment to the hands of
those who are solemnly pledged to it.
Nothing should intervene to distract
our attention or disturb our effort un
til this reform is accomplished, by wise
and caieful legislation.
TIIK WILSON BILL.
A measure has been prepared by the
appropriate congressional committee,
.embodying tariff reform on the liueB
herein suggested. which will be
promptly submitted for legislative ac
! tion. It is the result of much patriotic
- and imseiiish work-, and I believe it
: deals with its subject consistently and
' as thoroughly as existing conditions
, Foil AN INCOME TAX.
j The committee, after full considers
; tion. anil to provide against a temporary
dctleicncy which may exist before the
: busjeess of the country adjusts itself
' to the new tariff' schedules, have wisely
i embraced in their schedule a few addi
tion..! internal revenue taxes, including
a small tax upon income derived from
I cert in corporate investments,
i 'i I'-se ih w assessments are not only
j absolutely just audi easily borne, but
tht v have the further merit of being
i suet! n'si-i-n be remitted without unfa
; vi .rable ' u--i uess tiist urbaiicc whenever
the ncces itv for their imposition no
. longer ,ls.
I I :i my rent desire for the success of
U': :n--!-are. I cannot restrain the sug1
' fc.-tiou ihat its success can only be at
' te.'.u".' by means of u use Ijish counsel on
; t! e p.-.-.-i of tariff reform, and as a result
"i te -ir v. iiliicjiiess to subordinate per
' :.":::! . I -s i : e.s a ml ambitions to the gen-
crai -i - .1. The local interests affected
i 1 -y ;;.- proposed reform are so numerous
acd -o , aried that if ail are insisted
1 l'poi! the legislation embodying th re
, . in:: i:t:.st inevitably fail.
i IX COM I.I SION.
in eon, tusion. my intense Jelling of
; lesponsibihty impels me to invoke for
: the manifold i:.b -rests of a generous afad
j coidid'ing peopie the most scrupulous
car . and to pledge my willing support
i to every legislative effort for the ad
; v:; i i -m -nt of the greatness and pros-
pei itv of our country.
( li:i'Vi:i: Cleveland,
i U.xeeiitive Mansion, Washington, D. C,
i I e .-ember 4.
It Will bo a Feature of tho Tariff
THE IG.nilTTEE HAS SO DECIDED.
j To Anpiy Only to liiiierititnces iiml Corpo-
r.itions Tin- Whisky Tax not Fixed
j Tea ci-nl:, : l'ack on l'layiiif-C'nril!
O'lly SiA. ((). (U!( Deficiency.
W.ssiiN; in::. December 1. The in
come lav will be a conspicuous feature
of tiie internal tax schedules, upon
which a majority of the members of
the ways and means committee are
The details of t he plan are gradually
assuming a definite form.
It will exempt individual incomes
and will apply only in. a general way
to inheritance and corporations,
uo .v it woukfh hheoke.
Data furnished by the treasury de
partment shows that during the ten
years the U: was in existence, the re
teipfs in round numbers were 8347,
( i i.i. i'!i. The high water mark was
reached in l'-". During that year,
the receipts aggregated S73. 000,000, and
in the year following they were 07,-
.i !. i.
The great increase in population
and wealtn since then leads the com
mit lee to believe that a tax on corpo
rations a lone will furnish a eonsifiera
bie amount of the revenue needed to
; upi.lv th.' d- licit caused by the reduc
t i: n in t.i ri i" duties.
I'M.v i :in;rv-Fivi: MILLION hedcctiow.
' Chr.iruuiu Wilson now believes that
f ;:..''. .net ;n w ill cover the tlecrease in
the ivvt-i.iii' from imports caused by
th.' bii! just made public, lie reached
'thi- conclusion after a careful exami
1 io.i . f the tariff' bill, and this con-
)v. -ion i s shared by Secretary Carlisle,
v. itii whom the chairman has had re
pea fed conferences.
TO TAX I LAYINd CAKDS.
A tax of ten cents a pack on playing
cards has been suggested, and will, no
doubt, be adopted, as all the majority
members regard the. proposition favor
ably. WUiSKY's FATE t-.VCKUTAJWT.
The committee has reached no un
der -.landing as vet. regarding whisky.
It is not l'd-.elv that the tax will be tn-
crea -i'd beyond ten cents a gallon,
'.-. ith a fa'r probability that it may re-
I'laoi i: '..to'ecui
'i'he "negro convention, called by
l.lshop Tamer, of (Georgia, met afCin
einmiti last Tuesday, ami mis largely
at ten. led. Among the remedies pro
posed for lynching was one by C. II. J.
Tavlor. providing for more speedy
Segal trial and the death penalty for
rape Pi-h'-p Turner advocated gov
truLijat aid to African emigration.
Grar cl Dis play
oqZIo.'"o o ';;.o ".o.. o o" .o o o "o"
.c o' c c . c c c
Our counters are loaded with useful as well as
MAGNIFICENT LINE SILK HANDKERCHIEFS.
A Perfect Line of Umbrellas.
A Christmas Tree of Beautiful Presents and
you can buy a Dozen and not
spend much money.
Befora they are picked
School Teacher What is the
matter with you, Mabel ? You never
seem to be able to remember a num
ber half a second.
Mabel Well, mama used to be a
I'ositive ami Negative.
The Race Question is unsettled.
But it is settled that Hood's Sarsa
yarilla leads all remedies.
Disease marches through all lands.
But good health blesses all who take
Dyspepsia is a o;rCat foe to the hu
man race. But 1 Iood's Sarsaparilla
puts it to flight.
Scrofula is one of the most terrible
of diseases. But 1 Iood's Sarsaparilla
expells it from the system.
The people of this day, like Job,
suffer from boils. But Hood's Sar
saparilla is a sovereign remedy for
Catarrh is one of the most dis
agreeable disorders. But Hood's
Sarsaparilla is sure to relieve and
Rheumatism racks the system like
a thumb-screw. But ii retreats be
fore the power of Hood's Sarsa
parilla. Loss of appetite leads to melan
cholia. But Hood's Sarsaparilla
makes the plainest repast tickle the
Life is short and time is fleeting,
but Hood's Sarsaparilla will bless
humanity as the ages roll on.
Clergyman And do you, Lucinda,
take for your husband the man you
hold by the hand ? Do you prom
ise to love, honor, and
Bride Elect (hastily interrupting )
An I lit roil net ion to the Oneen
is an honor conferred upon only a
favored few. But every lady ot the
land may have ready excess to the
Queen of Remedies Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. Once known,
always a valued friend. It promises
to cure every form of weakness pe
culiar to women, and confirms this
promise by a written guarantee of
satisfaction, guaranteed in every case
or money refunded. This Royal
Remedy is carefully prepared for wo
men only, and its efficiency is vouch
ed for by countless happy homes and
countless thousands of testimonials.
A trial will convince you that it is in
valuable in correcting all irregulari
ties and weaknesses for which it is
Wilbur Are those great white
things whales' teeth ?
Nurse Yes, Wilbur, these great
white things are whales' teeth.
Wilbur My, but mustn't the
whale have awful big toothaches !
Most of our ailments come from a
disordered liver which Simmons Liver
- O 10.'.'Z..0.IQ.
Mr. Snaggs We are going to
have cooler we. ther.
Mrs. Snaggs Are we ?
"Yes, the thermometer has taken
a big drop. I set it outside the bed
room window to see what the tem
perature was, and it fell to the
A Million Frit-mis.
A friend in need is a friend indeed,
and not less than one million people
have found just such a friend in Dr.
King's NTew Discovery for Consump
tion, Coughs and Colds. If you
have never used this great cough
medicine, one trial will convince you
that it has wonderful curative powers
in all diseases of Throat, Chest and
Lungs. Kach bottle is guaranteed
to do all that is claimed ot money
will be refunded. Trials bottles free
at all Drug Stores. Large bottles
50c. and $1.00.
Miss Muggy I wonder if Ccorge
knows 1 have money ?
Friend Has he proposed ?
"I Ie knows."
You cannot do effective work without
a clear head, and for tins take Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
Teacher Do you understand the
phrase, "ripid ennunciation ?"
Boy Yes'in. It's the way folks
say their prayers on cold nights.
Thousands of lives are saved an
nually by the use of Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral. In the treatment of croup
and whooping cough, the Pectoral
has a most marvelous effect. It al
lays inflamation, frees the obstructed
air passages, and controls the desire
Chicago, Nov. 22. The health
commissioner declared to day that
small pox is epidemic in Chicago.
Then.-are now eighteen cases of the
diseases in the city pesthouse.
To recover the tone ol the vocal
organs (afta continued speaking),
gargle with Pond's K.xtract. Any
incipient inflamation will thus be re
duced, the vocal cords will be
strengthened, slightly stimulated, and
brought into normal condition, and
the voice will become much stronger,
so that many a hoarseness or sore
throat that might result will be pre
vented. Also invaluable for the cure
of any sore throat, or for catarrh of
the air passages, pharyngitis, bron
chitis, or laryngitis. Pond's Extract
is unequaled for all inflamations of
the mucous membrane. Avoid sub
stitutes. Do not forget to give all fill plant
ed hardy bulbs a covering of hay or
straw as soon as the ground is frozen,
i but not before at least a crust is