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The Weekly Star.
I I. M I N O T O
A TEAR, IN ADVANCE.'
14 mow I
r Entered at the Post Office atTWllmtagton, N. C,
1 as Second das Matter. .
A, - "X
Tiw.' QiiTvarifituMi rice of the Wksklt-
1 - -
Stak is as follows :. i .
Single Copy! year, postage paid, $1.50
SmAntha M n" .50
THE SOUTH AND . IMMIGRATION.
ti.o PhiladelDhia JPress undertakes"
I IIV " : X
to frive the reason why immigration
does not seek the South, and why.
Northern-papers, like the Press, can
not rpcommend emigrants "to go
o ,.tv" Tt irivfis the reason to' be
the extreme lawlessness of the South-
. em neople. To this we reply briefly:
i?irt thp South is not more law-'
HiAir'the North. 1 Here "is -as
r.n,-i -rimo to population in the
lU'i'-'" .14 '!.... -r. . i
North as in the South and the statis
tits of the country show this.
- Second, the very fact that men. in
tlie Sonth combine to hang - murder-.
ers ami rapists shows that, they "are
resolved to protect life and to protect
tlie nersons of the white women of
the South. , .....I
- Third, the ten thousand lies that
Northern Radical papers have manu
fariuicil -out of , the whole cloth have
poisoned the nnuds fof the Northern
people, and the' ,in turn poison the
--"minds, of foreign immigrants, and
it is not a mutter of surprise that
but few immi grants come thnf way.
' Fourth, the social condition of the
South is much healthier than .that of
the North, in spite of what the Press
and papers of its stripe may sav to
the contrary. The thousands of
Northern men living in the South, if
put upon their conscience, we-, believe
won Id bear testimony that as far as
"tliey know the social life among the
Southern whites is purer and nobler
than among the people in the North.
Look at Massachusetts and Connecti
..-cm, wiiero nivorees nave oeoome so
ciiiimon as to' excite the alarrh 'of all
-pliihinihrbpic and virtuous people.-
lMlth, the. way the fcouth was
rohhed by the carpet-bag govern
. ineiits and the consequent repudiation
have done much to keep out . capital
aim Hilling! iiUOIl. t .
But in spite of all adverse causes'
tlie South has recuperated wonder
1 fully and has grown 50 per . cent.- in
population in the last decade. It is
true it does not have many immi
; grants from the North or elsewhere,
out for, the most part' they, are ; very
desirable, citizens. The ; Northern
men we are acquainted with who re-
side in the Soutti are with few excep
worthy, intelligent' men who
are belnin? to devploh our resources
and build up our country; They
i .v.. . . -" . -
aiiow mat tne south is mucn misun
derstood and maligned.'' -:-';
The chairman of the; Board of
County. Cnmmissinnora : rf 'WAet'
combe, Col. W. II. Knight,' has pub-
lislied in the-i.TaThoro'v.':-A Trri- 1
parative statement of theNfinancial
operations of that TicE "county under
the manipulation and management of
the two parties. We have given al-
eaay some facts from Col. Knight's
report, but as Edgecombe, like: that
other fi ho nniint.. tv
studiously misrepresented we
more attention to the matter than we
i ne great question for the East is
county government. ' We would ra-
"er lose every member of Congress,
and everv .Iniltvo nn ta Ttoiii.li than
w nave the twenty-seven negro coun-i
lies asrain nlitol
Tlllnk of the past,' ye ; men of New;
llannvof TJ J .'. J u TiurL j ; r-kf .;
.i, j cimci ttim uie xiiiiu JJ1S
Col. Knight gives the expenses for
each year under Radical administra-
4 ! .
, n beginning .with. December 1,
1868, and extending for ten years,
: December 1, 1878. - Tlie total waa
The average each'year"
was $22,891.80. t - - - -
"uc" gives ine nguresunder
the Democratic administration; be- i
ginning J-ec.y i, xovo, ana enamg
Dec'l, 1881 --three years. They ex-"
pended in all $30,42 7.09--an average
of but $10.142.39 or less than one-7
half that the . Radicals spent. Mark
The Radicals received $3,516.07
due before they came into power.
When i the Democrats came into
power Dec. 1, 1878, the" county debt
was $24,719.23. i .'..-
On Sept. 1, 1882, they had reduced
it to. $2,5 00. ; Comment perfectly un
necessary1. Voters look upon Radi
calism and. despise its corruption and
its incompetency. But more yet, Col.
Knight says: - . - ;
"When the Republicans were in power
in 1878 taxes lor countypurposeswere
brought from 50 to 60 cents on the dollar
At the present time, under Democratic rule.
the taxes for county purposes are 19f cents
in the siuu, and county orders are paid on
presentation to the county treasurer."
r Jurors look' upon the "Radical bun
gler and (waster and say whether you
like him or not. Do vou like him
well enough to give him control
again ox - your pocket-books . and
county finances? Bad county gov
ernment invariably and , ineyitably
makes high taxes.
DESERTION OF PARTY . DOES NOT
INCREASE CONFIDENCE. : ; J
The most conspicuous failure in
the history of North Caroliria poli
tics is the attempt of a few score of
disappointed - office-seekers in ; the
Democratic party to set t up a party
of their own under the leadership' of
Mott, Ike Young, Moore, Jim Harris
and a few other wool-dyed Radicals.',
It has been a fizzle from the start, and
ithe Centre and West, wherejit was I
thought it would develop considera
ble strength, it is almost extinguished.
and like an "old-time tallow-dip, it
will - expire ' about November ...2d
with much spluttering and stinking.
Where, the. 1 Radicals ? will gam one I
vote by . such an unnatural,' unholy,-1
and . unwise - alliance, thev will lose
two votes. And, this ought to be the
case.: .-Why should .the long: tried
men of that ' party be. . set 'aside to
give prominence ana omce, it rine
people at large shall be stupid and
blind and corrupt enough to consent,
to such hoary-headed Democratic
office-seekers as Clingman, Johnston
Leach and Edwards ? Why shall the
goslings of Democracy who go limp
ing into the Radical preserves be fed.
by - the tender hands -of Mott and
Young and Jim Harris, the bribe-:
taker, to the exclusion of -the stout
ducks of the Radical party who have
been "quacking" and spluttering for
so many years, trying to get their
heads into the great National Radi
cal dough-trough? ' -
But this .is not all. . The fellows
who deserted look the r people of
North ; Carolina for fools,, and lo I
their mistake. They 1 went masque
rading in the thinnest, gausiest of
all possible coverings, and as they
pranced :" around,- -pirouetting V and.
gambolling this; way; and that way j
iney inougnt au ine ume me peopj
'1-ll : -f . -It .1 i .1 -1 -
who looked on took them- for "Libe-
,la'fr VnOTnliorii ftnVl ftvantnnri-
- ' . .it ;v'ii!j -
e u,?'.u,w '-J? 1U'1H
ciples or ideas, that was to regenerate
ann nisentnrai and make or an tn&
and disenthral and make
hearts of -mankind. - But ; how
taken they were I WThe people gazed
at the cavortings and - at .the very,
thinnish' guise,' and then they laughed
as they saw the tail of -the old Radi-
cal ? party hanging out behind, and
ca - fyrt' Kftfs and horns -of thaJ
same old animal that had wrought so
much mischief in the years gone by, t
So the only persons that have been
fooled are the fellows who tried to.
deceive the people.
But why should any one be de-
ceived bv the "LiberaF farce? Who
-! " ,
compose the company who are -play-4
ing it ? jMen mainly who have been
"acting", with . the i Democrats since
the war; and some - long 'before the
war. Thev have helped all thev catt
to make" the Democratic nartv. what
it -is. lhev- have spent -their best
years in helping to build; up pre-
ocratic party, ? Why haye -they; left
it ? Can there be but one answer ?
What is there in their 'antecedents1-
in their wisdom, unselfishness, r devo-:
tion to principle-rto make.; any . one
believe that a new party - composed
of such men will be anv; better than
the party they -have ; served ior so
long a time arid deserted i and ; which
contains so much material so infinitely
1 sounder than they .arer s JJoes; a
... ., ... .r.., , , -:v;-.c -.r-..-;...v-.--;- -j. -v ;-.- v.-V .:;-T'c:-: - " -;(.vt.3ji;..i 'l- ' 'V ' ( - i,
; ; TYILfflff GTQN
change of party cause also a change f
v.o" U'kiv' T3.i a t f I
mant or Folk , or . Edwards changed
t heir trne characters by changing po-
party their'allegiance, their prbfessed I
ouppvib, tue iaoor 01 ineir oest years.
They went ofi! after office -and set up
a little concern of their own,' leadingt
Radicals and of thcT Revenue "stamp
at tbat .being ; sponsors and parents l
of the new-fangled - clap-trap affair
So no one ;: is deceived bv the "Libe-
ral dodge. ;The nickel-plated Demof
crats would do well to take down the
sign.- Let the old Radical ; garment
be donned and Tthey : will be better
thought of if not better understood.
.-Benator Garland of Arkansas,, in
the Democracy of his. i.State,; placed
the question of desertion of party in
this light. ; He asked: ' -
'Be who crosses ; the . ocean changes his
sky not his soul; he who takes his hat and
leaves the domicile of a party, after ; years
of service in it, and, .crosses to the threshold
of another part v.- to -combat his old nartv.
changes his base or location, but not neces
sarily his heart , or his convictions or his
methods otttctiouu Tbe - pretence to ' the
contrary is too etheral, if not- too thin, to
preach to flesh and ; blood. Therefore, be
not deceived in being asked to turn over to
any new party . , A new broom may sweep
clean, but the- old one knows best where
the dirt is." , .. . t . u
So do-not allow yourselves to be
deceived for: one -moment, by the De
mocratict d eseV ters in ,th eir persn asi v e
blarney in behalf of a Mongrel Com
bination. 'When you: vote'for a! Libe- fire towns in the neighborhood of Benning
ral voii Me voting for a. Radical to t tott irt8 heGa carr5ed by Democrats
.- ... . I
air practical intents .and purposes.
Do not 'desert .the old - ship in the
midst of the storm. ' " ' ' ' ' ,
i The. jocund, Colonel; Back Parker
Canaday is now runningyhia "third
heat in the Congressional race. . ; But,
really,' why dont our.ninibld Yieighbor-in-law
save his wind and heels?.; Hav
ing been distanced, in tHe first two
heats, what earthly- chance has the
pony ! of winning the
Col. ' Willie Canaday is the coming
,man-7Coming to grief. ;. , ;
Tne , SSntllatfidURemalns of an Old
Colored r Blan Foand 1 In Bis Own
Yard. , f
Old man Primus Young lived by himself
on tne liooper plantation in uape if ear
Township, about six- utiles- from this city.
Some persons who visited his house yester
day morning were, horrified at the spectacle
which met their gaze. The house was open;
and in the 'yard close by lay what remained
of the body of .old Primus Young, mutila
ted beyond all possible chance of recogni
tion except by the small portions of cloth
ingwhich were still attached to the remains.
There were indications, to snow tnat L tne
body must have been dragged from the
room in the house into the yard after death.'
or after deceased had been stricken down
by the hand of Providence .or the blow of
an assassin. " We understand that nothing
was missed from' the house. .. though there
was no one to tell- exactly what the build
ing contained.. ' ,y':K'i u:f
There' is no clue at present by which any
one can form the slightest .conclusion as to
the. cause i of his death. - A colored man
named johnsonho; Iiyw(rabout one hun
I i .v:.. i. . . x. . .';-.-.
t area yards from tne , nouse( iormeriy occu
t pied by the. deceased, is the onlysperson re-
I siding any wherein the 'immediate neigh
I borhood. and although i the old man must
i,.C;;f, . ti,.
I hgpa two or lhree jaygbef6re the body
r -.i.L.v..' i.7TuUAi.itnt-tlAti:
1 VltKn vpi'rtTFbe t .TohnstonV 1 kne W both-
I tag ot It-accorame 10 ms owu ueciaraiipns,
Until yesterday mbrnihg:
Coroner He wlett was notified of the find-:
ing of tlie remains. , and ;Wili. probably.hold
an inouest over them..vl Wif ja4 J;.s;
Remains Interred No Inquest, 'v-4
Coron?r .Hewlett .visited, the ; house of the
late Primus ;YoUng.L in Cape Fear Town
ship; whose mutilated remains were! disco-veered
in his own yard, 911 ; Friday morning,"
mention of -which was made in the Starv
and found "what remaine' of the ; body ,ou
uic ; bpot . tuiu in (ne- conuiuon . uescriucu.
The greater portion of the remains had been
carred off by dogs 'and hogs together,'' but
I what' was left of the poor old man was gath-
toother ' under Coroner W
I lett,g direction ftnd buried the pTemiaeti.
I There is no means of knowing liowjie met
his death, and as no one. came forward to
make an affidavit no inquest rwas held.
Deceased, who . formerly belonged; to Mr;
Armond iX). ' Young," was well.known.in
this city and throughout the surrounding
country. : ' ! ' : ; ,J
New Hanover County. - -
- Mr: S. A. Currie, who runs & plantation
near this "city, hadsome.very fipe cotton in
market yesterday, the first from his field Of
twelve acres in the staple for which' he re
cei ved cents per pound in the seed) which
he says is about equivalent to the present
market value: of the middling grade of - the
articlein its -prepared : state. Some have
argued that the soil in the neighborhood of
Wilmington was -not -suitable for the culti
vation of the.cotton plantIrat Mr Uunte a
exrrimentis a complete refutaUonof
no extra pains m its cuiuvanon.
N. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1882.
The specimen Colorado justice.
a. iewoays iigu, uu tuc tuini page 01 me
btah, appearea an amusing eara irom one
Qeo wPIenand. ft Colorado Justice of
the Peace, which had been received by the
him furnished to the press. We have be
fore us the business card of the same Geo.
W. Clelland, though it does not bear the
sarad inscriptioa as that -received by the
Chicago man. Mr O. B. Myers, of this
city,' who -80601-80016 time in Colorado,
made the acquaintance of the somewhat ex-
centric individual referred to, and - the ac-
quaintance subsequently 5 ripened into
friendship. 5. He gave Mrr flyers his card,'
and-we give the contents oD the bit of pasted
board for the benefit of -our New. 'Hanover,
justices, who may be ambitious to do things
in the ''way-up style." On one side is 'Geo.
W.'Cleilandi Alcalde of thd police Court and
Justice of the Peace, Preciat No.: 1; Canon
City, Fremont County, Col 'jado. -'Iiltiead
on- you don't bite " On thew- reverse side
we Tead : " 'Fiat Ju-sfitia' Bunt Caelum.
Marriages - performed in ' way-up. style'
Special attention paid to pretty brides, and
indifferent bridgegrooms initiated with a
club. Boozers ' given excursion tickets to
the 'cooler good for ten days. Fans and
ice water furnished free on application to
the city marshal- The' grand hailing 'sign
of distress is not recognized by this ' Court.1
No trouble to make change. Come early;
before the rush, and I may let you down
Good News from Away Down f n "Ver-
mAllt. -. . V " t i T ..-.."' ;.
From'a letter received by a gentleman of
this city from ' a -. friend in Vermont, we
learn that there has been quite a political
earthquake, revolution,' or whatever it may
be called, in at least a portion of that State,
.i .. - i . '. : i . i
at uie rectjiik eieciiou, - wuereao prcviuuaijf
they had always gone Republican Of
course the "boys'-' up there had to burn a
little powder and have a jollification over
the happy result ; and ' right here a friend
at - our elbow exclaims, 'we know Alf
Robinson is happy, and don't we wish we
were in Bennington to enjoy it with them!"
Killed on tne Track. - r
Two colored boys; aged about 15 and 20
years, respectively, were run. , over" and
killed by the up train on the Carolina Cen
tral road Wednesday night. , l he acciaeni
happened at what is known as Edwards
Crossinsr. between Jarvis and Rosendale.v
It appears that the boys lived close by the
point where the accident happened, and
that they had not long left the house. ' It
is supposed that they had been lying down
alongside the track asleep.' and being
awaked up suddenly -by the approaching
train, had jumped online" track in front of
the locomotive, instead of getting out of
the way of it .Their bodies were badly
Raise More Porlc.
' Farmers everywhere should raise all the
pork they can from this time forth "uptil
further orders," -as the price is already very
high and is constantly advancing.' Besides
this . the indications point .to a probable
scarcity in the West, whmce a large pro
portion of our supplies' are now received.
A letter to one of our ', wholesale dealers,5
from the : West, says the indications are
tbat the stock "will be . ate up closer by
November 1st than ever before." From
present appearances stock raising will - be a
profitable business; and, as before remark-.
ed, we hope our farmers will turn their at
tention to it more closely than they have
ever done heretofore.
Fire In Monroe. .
: Conductor Gardner, of the Carolina Cen
tral, informs us' that' in" passing Monroe
Tuesday morning i he discovered that the
Vfire fiend' had been 'atwprk: irithat thri
ying.town. -It originated -Jn - as. wooden
building belonging to M. hi Stevens and
filled with groceries belonging to Stevens &
English! j Tlie budding and rcqnten were'
destroyed, together with ; the bar-room of
J"S3 Ricbardsoh. Other buildings in J the
leighborhood were damaged to some ex-
Row Between Clreusmen and Citizens.
One of our citizens' '-wbd 'passed thrprigh
Lincolnton, in this Stato, on Tuesday last,"
says a big row occurred there that day .be
tween5 some :of -the showmen of .Barrett's
chcus and a 'numberso ; totrTBiend1:
nng which several ,-persons were badly in
jured. - Abouf thirty of "the ringleaders of
the disturbance,- including 1 three or- four
showmen,' wfere- lodged -in ' jail, s Whiskey
was at the -bottom of the trouble:
A Fall From a Train, . r
A young jnan,. said to. be a tramp, was
stealing a ride on, the r W '& W. Railroad
on' Wednesday nighChen he felL'off. the
train somewhere between Sixth and Seventh
streets, and cut his face badly.' It is thought
he got to nodding ana tumbled on. - Be
last seen of him he - was searching for a
doctor. , it - . -An
Kxtraordlnary Haul of Mullets.
-- We met a gentleman from Onslow coun
ty, yesterday, who- infQrms r us of an ex
traordinary catch of mullets. He says that
seven hundred barrels were , taken at one
haul on Tuesday last," the . 5th inst,, at the
fishery near the mouth of New Rivera mv
der the management .of Mr. John. Lewis.
Fish are said to be unusually plentiful on
that part of the coast for so early in the
Snlpplne Rice Birds.
' a new enterprise has : been started on the
.wharf by a colored . barber- named . Edens,
who; with a patent refrigerator, is engaged
in preparing rice birds for shipment north.;
11a nova hn JITI "neck, and e-et read Wot
shipment about jone mmdred bunches per
day. At this rave - rice uirus wiu uo m uct
mand, ' and ; prices .will consequently be
high - "
THE STAR ROUTE TRIAL.
Attorney General Brewster's - Argu
ment for the Proeeentloa A Sens
tlon In Court Dlsclosnre of Attempts'
to Bribe Jurymen Judge "Wylle's
Seatlilnic Bemarks. ; , .
Washinqton. September . 7. Attornev.
General Brewster closed his argument to
-day in the Star Route case, for the prosecu
tion, and the case is virtually closed. The
Judge will probably deliver .his charge 6-i
morrow, and the case may -go to the jury
on tne same aay. isrewster s argument was
listened to with the same - close attention as
was given to Ingersoll's; -The closing part,
of the argument was well worth recording,
but at its conclusion , an incident occurred"
which was wholly unexpected to all eX
cept tbe: immediate, actors m it; and which
dwarfed everything that has occurred du-j
tins the trial. . - --' '.:''- , ;1
The Judge had announced that a recess
would be taken, 'that the prayers of counsel'
for instruction to the jury should be argued
before the Court alone, and the jury .could
be excused unui to-morrow. - men ensuea
the scene of the: day, and one'; which has
fei4f anv.T)aralleia.ul the indiailiistory
nf timjnwmtTL Tlw nmrfl-wpm airain An
court room, when Judge Wylie stated that he
wished to devote a moment to another mat;
ter. The significant tone in which he said
this warned the spectators that something
important was to follow, and instantly there
was a dead silence.- "Several of the mem-.;
bers of this jury,"" continued His Honor;
calmly, Vhaye coine to .me with informa-:
tion that they have, been approached with
propositions most manifestly or a corrupt
. kind. - The first intimation I had of this-
thing was several weeks ago, : Several more.
interrupting himself j I cannot call then t
intimations, they are square and direct mf or- I
Fii iv j .
of asking me what they, the jurors, should
d.VVlMy vk wm ,tor.sajr notlungr -about, f
il v .xne uoun aia noi wisn 10 interrupt t
the progress of arguments - of tne case by
any such -side Question as this; but I a
vised them to be careful., This thing has
grown, becoming more and more ndig
nant as he proceeded and within the last
twenty-four hours' it seems that these'
wolves which have been around this jury,
have become fiercer, and more determined. .
I felt so much indignation that I : was al
most ready to advise the jurymen to shoot
the man on the spot That is the way 1;
felt about it; but I gave no such opinion.
But villainy of this kind, -and scoundrelism
of this degree deserves no mercy;- I do not
say in what interests these suggestions have
been made. " . I do not want to convey any
information on that subject; but I want to'
advise this jury to repel with scorn and in
dignation any base attempt -of this charac
ter on their virtue and integrity. . The in
sult is of the last intensity, and I do hope
that when we get through this trial fairly
you may have information enough to ena
ble the uourt to lay its nana on tnese men
who have approached you in this way. ; I
have called your attention to this subject
with another view;- to give a warning to
men of this kind of what they are about,
and that the officers of . the ? law will
do their duty. - If it is possible to
ferret out these scoundrels it shall be
done. . Give them . no quarter; spurn
them with the end of your toes. ; No
baser vermin infest the earth than men en
gaged in this kind of business. .And the
insult to you is that they suppose that you
are just as base, just . as .. low, as mey are
themselves. , iMo man snouia allow a wms
per of this kind to be made to hun without
spurning it with; the utmost scorn and
contempt, I go no further., I do not ad
vise' violence at - any tune of course 1 do
not. But next to an insult that is given to
a man's wife is an insult of this kind to a
juror his honor ' should be sacred : and
carefully guarded as he would guard the
honor of his wife. - Having said this much,
collaterally at this' point-we can now take
a recess." v;. v- ' '.':r
Jiido-e Wvlie's remarks, which were de
livered with great earnestness and an in-
dignant tone that- showed that, he meant
every word he said, with perhaps , the ex-
. i.2 j s-s : T ....
cepuon oi jus uepreuwuuu. ui viuicuuc,
created a profound sensation, and the fore
man of the jury, Mr. Wm. Dickson, who
is probably one 01 tne jurors approacnea,
rose and said that after the disposition of
this case; he would lay the whole matter
Then Hunkle. counsel ' for Minor and
Vaile. rose, and on behalf of himself and of
his clients,' demanded ah investigation of
the charge that had been made. - , ;
The Uourt we win see about inat. we
will probably have it. ;
. . Mcaweeny yve, too, wani an invesuga-;
tion. 'iii'-rvv":';! '-.-.Vi 7 .-' "...'-.'
; Wilson emphatically We want it all
around. . . :- ' ' X-pX&J:
,c - A -recess was then' taken.; . ; .";"v:
:! Washington','5. September 7. A!; great
many reports are .afloat to-night as to who
it is that has attempted to bribe the Star
Route jury. The name of a:former attor
ney. Of this1 city is connected with kthe
attempt, but not authoritatively : Merrick,1
of counsel for. the prosecution, is quoted as
saying that he, had been aware for . some
time of attempts at bribing 'the jury,
but'did hot know that Judge Wylie was so
informed. A So Judge ; Wylie's ? utterances
to day . were a surprise to iim. Merrick is
also quoted asi; saying that heU knows , who
had offered bribes and the .amounts. : One
of the jurors was interviewed to-night, and
is reported as saying that he had been ap
proached r on two?oceasitns by parties on
behalf of the defence. Counsel for the de
fence haVe been also mterviewed, -but pro
f ess entire ignorance, ;---;:,.-r
Jude' :WyUeCharKe ,Tne'f.J
Agree ai to Only One of tne Befen
. dants and are Again Ordered to Be-
tire Rumors Concerning
' tempts at Bribery,, "'i- ' ?.!;':7';1':;:';'' ' -
' WAsnTHGTONv September ' 8. In - the
Criminal Court this morning another large
audience assembled to hear the proceedings
in the Star. Koute cases. The large' attend
ance of prominent -members of the bar' at
tests the interest taken in this last stage of
the trial. - All .01 the defendants were
present, . with the exception of Stephen W
Judge j Wylie'. began - his charge to the
jury with an. expression of the difficulties
attending the summing, up of a case of
such a magnitude as this, r He said' he
would not undertake ; to dehver 1 a; profes
sional lecture upon law, but it .wouldbe
his endeavor to travel over the case from
one point to another so far as it was neces
sary to do so. taking care . not to trespass
upon the province of the. juryr-The law
maae me jury vuo ultimate, unai power,
even upon the law-itself; at the same time
the tradition and practice of law authorized
the Court to talk to the jury with, regard to
facts.! The opinion of the Court was not,
however, to be taken as obligatory upon the
jury as to questions of fact, nor should he
insist upon their accepting his construction
of the law. v He wished them to be guided
by their consciences; he wished it. under
Stood that i he- was wholly- uncommitted as
to the guilt or innocence of the defendants.'
Some of the reporters f 6i newspapers' had
evidently misunderstood his utterances du-
ring the trial, ior tbe jury must be ' aware
that he had carefully abstained from ex
pressing any opinion upon that subjects
When Walsh's testimony had been offered
the Court had said; that in his judgment
there was enough evidence of conspiracy to
be submitted to the jury, and it was upon
that ground that his testimony had been'
admitted. .4 That was tas far as the Court
had gone. - t ,
" The Judge gave " a brief history of the'
events out of which grew this ; prosecution,
and then addressed himself to the law;r Re
ferring to the- prayers,' Judge Wylie said
that the conspirators were j jointly , united
for some purposes and severed for ".others.
Each man stood on his own defence.: The
jury could not convict one5 man of conspi
racy, but they could convict two kof the
defendants. - If there - had been any one
overt act committed, and the jury acquitted
the , party commiting it then the defen
dants must all be acauitted: for instance, if
the jury - acquitted ; Brady, who had beetr
cauea tne Key ne master key to the
whole conspiracy, and no overt acts were
shown to have been committed bv anv
other defendant, then vlbey must all be ac-
l . rri .. . . - - . . . -
quiucu. ; , position i tasen . Dy me
defence, thaM.all of the. defendants
must : be shown. - to have;:bein intrest-!
in all of the"contracts.-"was false.- If , it-1
9W4hat tliev -wn 'rinMnaIlv
interested in only one, that was sufficient
and a conspiracy was estebHBhed; Sur-i
plusage, in any indictment would not vi
tiate it This indictment - charged but'
one offence, one conspiraeyr it 'could not
comprise two conspiracies. . Part of the de
fendants might be wholly acquitted and
a x part convicted, but if the. jury, found
two conspiracies, three of the parties euiltv
of one and - the remainder of the four guil-
w oi anotner, then the indictment, failed.
So much for. the frame of indictment Now
usiuiue -prooi ; conspiracy is seiaoni T8 I
duced to writing; it is generally entered into I
ia a very informal way. Theparties might I
as to the proof ; conspiracy is seldom re-
reside m amerent parts or the country,' out r
it Dv anv means. even bv dumb show' thev t
entered Into auairMiuGit.- tn -.defwrnS th-1
riAmn.mi.i.t fnOT an .t i,ot r
wasa conSDifacv'.'1 TheFlawi reanired a ver- I
diet of o-uiltv onlvafter'theinrvente.rtainfld 1
no reasonable doubt of "the euilt of the de, E
fendants. Doubt,' to be reasonable, must be
oasea upon evidence not upon mere con-)
jectuce. , The axiom was that it it was bet-
ter for" ninety-nine guilty 'men to escape-
than tor one innocent man . to , suffer. : it
would be a very happy condition of affairs
if One innocent man could be protected;
and ninety-nine guilty..men punished. , An
old Latin proverb said that it was the fault
of. the jury it the wicked escaped. . That
was true. ., He would now take up one of
the routes and see if it could be connected
with any rational theory of innocenccf -; If
it could. , the' defendants " were- -enti
tled to the benefit of " that theory.J
lie would select a small route, the route
from Vermillion to, Sioux Falls, Da. The
date of the contract was March 15th,' 1878;
to run four years; John W Dorsey, con
tractor; trips were twice a week; the dis
tance fifty miles, to which k two" miles had
been added. The time was fourteen hours,
There were nine postofflces, but no: towns I
oh the route.!: Soon after ; the service was
put on, It was discovered that - the actual
distance was about seventy miles, and that
the information had been distinctly and re
peatedly furnished to the second Assistant
Postmaster General. On Dec. 23d,' 1878,;
the number of trips wasdoubled. iiOn May ,
3d, 1879, the route was practically assigned
by sub-contract to vaille. J On? July 10,
1879, the number of trips was increased to.
six and the tune reduced to ten hours; in
creasing the compensation to $6,133.50. -
Deducting an hour for delays at postofflces,
the carrier was required to . travel seventy;
miles in nine hours. Petitions ana letters.
T I Kaam Binr in itvt f - via! n VtOrtlntnl tt-
uau UTOU ocu iu aisL in uiu uui ausuiuij j
XVXSW D1M4U (110. VAMUIIIVU T C7 A & AJm VA UtV U V. .
If the lury could reconcile it. with any
theory of innocence, thev must do it. A'
Congressman of influence,; Mr. Bennett.had
asked for it, and that must be considered.
Soon after, every postmaster on the route
united in a protest to the department, say
ine that the j time t was impracticable; and
askme to have the old fourteen hour scned
ule restored. ; and Mr. Bennett endorsed this
protest and sent it to Brady., Just at this
point the member of Congress ; seems to
have lost his influence, for he was informed.
that it could not be done. , After reading
the law relative to productiveness, Judge
Wvlie inquired . what the; productiveness
had been in this instance.. Reading from,
the, record, he said that? for one year it had
been 261.61. . ; Me had called attention to
the route because it had been asserted that
members of Congress were responsible for
expedition; yet. m tnis , case, wnen it nad
been expedited at the request of a member
of: ; Coneress.' its reduction . had "been
refused to that samer member. THen
kle interrupted at this 'point to remind
the Court that French had made the order
in Question. But Judee Wvlie said posi
tively that French had made the order by
Brady's", direction. - Herat ' he contended,,
was an increase made when7 it was shown
that the revenues were Actually decreasing.'
If the jureould reconcile that with a pro-:
per exercise oi innocence, let them do it.
It could hpt have' been done through igno
rance; manifestly r it was purposely done.
The thinei to be decided was whether it had
been.doh9 through' a' mistaken exercise of
discretion or purposely, and through wrong
motives. . AJoncermne false papers, said ne,
it had been argued that if they resulted in
gdod to the public then no criminal act had
been done in making the orders upon them.
Thiswas no crrect view of the law. Proof
of conspiracy might; be made out from
proof of the conseauences. following the
conspiracy.- said - Judge .' Wylie. Ta
king up another branch of the sub-
iect '-' he read .from . an English , au
thority in ; support of this -proposition
reciting the circumstances of the operations
of: what, are known .as "the three card
monte men" in this city. He said that the
only way in which their conspiracy could
be made out was by .the circumstances fol
lowing the. actual swindling operations,
There was a further topic he wished to refer
- a .m A. . it -
to. Among tne prayers was one w ine ei
feet that if it appeared that a genuine pa
per appeared among the fraudulent papers
filed in connection with the route, then the
order for expedition or increase must be
attributed to the Influence" of the genuine
naner. Snch a doctrine could not be to!
erated. Bad could not be saved by good.
and vice vena. 'Parties committing frauds
often found it to : their ; advantage to use
some truth in their operations. Yesterday's
occurrence required a passing remark. v If
his information was true, then, there were
men engaged in "fixing" the jury. r It was
natural that lurors so approacnea snouia
feel indignant, but they must not, let that
interfere with their : calm, dispassionate
indgments. Let them be so true to tnem?
selves as to refuse to allow themselves to be
influenced bv these considerations.
Col.- IngersoH rose and asked the Court
if it was within his power to: direct the
luron to f reel v and fully ; communicate to
one another all of the information they posr
ses8ed touching these attempts at bribery.
Judge Wvlie answered that he . did. not
wish that inquiry started in the jury room.
Defendants' counsel called attention - to
the number . of . their ; prayers for instruc
tions which had only been touched- upon
generally, and asked for specinc lnstruc
tions, but upon ; all of these requests the
Judge ruled against them, and exceptions :
were taken by the defence; f f
At 5 o'clock the juryretired, after having
been instructed to. come into court at 6
o'clock whether theyound . aJverdict or
not. At that hour they returned and re- -ported
that they had reached
only as to one of the defendants. Judee
iijruo uwauicu w near anyining iurtner "
from them, and ordered them to again re-" '
tire, and come into court to-morrow at -10 J
o clock. ..... --iv .--.-"; ;
All sorts of rumors are afioat m Ia th
bribery.! LOne jurymaa has settled the fact
mat attempts have been made by parties in
the interest of defendants. There does hot J
appear to have been any concert of action
among tlus bribers, who seem to have been
numerous.' Four; jurors are named as hav
ing been approached, but only the oneJtts '
iaieu puouciy in wnat interest. The efforts
of the corruptionists seem to have : heen ill,' -
rected to securing a disagreement of the jury'
Attorney Bliss is Quoted as havina- know.
ledge of the names and amounts. JFriends
01 tne aefendants have asserted that attempts
at bribery Jaave come from the prorecution,
in the shape of official position or employ
ment in the departments. iTr r -
A Partial Verdict Beporte4-Tne Jary
asub , ordered to Hetlre-gpeemla-tlons
and Rumors Expenses of tne
Trial, Etc. " ' L
PByTeleTraphtothe Mornlne Star.l :
WAsnnfGTOs. Sent. 9. At 2 o'clock tin
Star Route jury acam came into court and
reported that thev had failed to amA
They were directed to return , and report
again at o'clock. . When they came into
court at the latter' hour they; announced
that they had reached an agreement in re- -Card
to some of the defendants, hut not m-
to others. Judge Wylie stated that he. was
bui prepareq, as yet. w accept a partial yer
diet, and the jury were toul to' retire for '
the night and come into court aiain at 20
o'clock to-morrow morning. - -
-The sessiou of the court has' been can
tinned from day fo day since-Friday by re-. ..
cess, no aujoummeni navmg been taken.
One of the prosecuting counsel was Inter-
viewed to-night, and" he ' exDresses the1"
opinion that the jury x have' reached a ver
dict of guilty as to Brady, Reudell, Menir,
ana vaiie, and possibly an acquittal as to
Turner, and that they are still considering' x
the case of the' two Dorseys. . -
It was ascertained at the"- Treasury De
partment, to-day, that the payments already -
j"""-"" mo mo juicuwaucauv
made on account of . expenses m the prose-,
cution of Star Route cases: are as'fol-
J""o; ur-atsrviues ana expenses 01 o. a.
Brewster, for his appointment as Attorney
General,; $5,000; W. A. Cook, services and
expenses. 58.703: Georere Blisa. serrtces
and expenses, $19,251.60;. W. W Ker, ser
Vlces and expenses, 6,526; R S. Merrick.
services and expenses, $5,000; A. M: Gib-
son, services and Expenses, $5,000; total,
$47,480.60. It will be seen that the above
expenses include ofily lawyers fees and ex
penses, only so much of that class of ac
counts as has been passed by the accounting
, officer 'of the Treasury. None of the other
accounts 01 expenses incurred in this trial,;
such as witness ; fees, compensation of spe
cial agents, current expenses, etc., have yet
been presented at the Treasury., ,It is esti-(
matea tnat tnese expenses, together with
the additional amount to be 'paid as coun
sel fees, will swell the. total expense of the
mar Koute trial to about $200,000. y
SOUTH ; CAROLINA. 7 P -
Tne Trial of Capt. Halle for KJllln
Col. Blair, tbe Greenbaek Leader, , ; .
. By Telegraph to the Morning Star. , . ,
CirtT.rrxrRT Rpnt 7. A snorinl tt ' thi
iifegrwfcr from Camden, S.: C, says
that the trial i of Capt. J. L. Haile, for;
killing ' L. W. R. Blair, ' the Greenback
leader, on July 4th,- becan fthis morning,'
judge - ilershaw presiding. The court
house was packed. ' The prosecution was
conducted by Solicitor Bonnam, assisted by
ex-Judge T, J, Mackey, independent can-"
didate for Congress in the Fifth District.
A plea of "not guilty" was entered, ? ,Ther .
jury was drawn, composed of whites.
Several " State's-witnesses made impor
tant variations from the -1. evidence
given at the inquest, greatly weakening the
prosecution. The killing by Haile, with a
Spencer rifle, was fully established. There
were three Shots nred; one through tbe
heart, one through one lung, and one in
the side. Blair fell at the-third shot, with
out speaking. - The State's witnesses said
that Blair called Haile a damned liar. Haile .
walked to the tax office, followed by Blair,
who had a hand in his left breast Haile
came to the door with a rifle and went out
on the sidewalk; Blair advancing toward
him. Haue nred and Blair moved around
between Haile and the court house. ' Haile
moved back ; towards the outside of the
sidewalk, : and ' fired ' : again. "'' Blair
moved out towards ; the ! sidewalk and
at the third fire fell on his side, turned on .
his back, and died. The State failed to es
tablish the language of Haile ; after, the
killing, showing premeditation of the deed.
The day was cohsumed in taking testimony
for the prosecution,- all the' witnesses pres
ent being examined. Counsel announced
that but one or two more would be exam
ined to-morrow. There was no direct tes
timony as to malice. .. Counsel for the de
fence wiu take ail 01 to-morrow, i ne case
will not close before Saturday. "-...
THE STATE CAMPAIGN. ' '
Capt Swift Galloway -spoke at Wilson
on Tuesday last. -
Jim Leach has gone. If there is any
more Democratic timber of that kind the
sooner it goes the better. Strift.. Galloway.
Cocke, chairman of the Mongrel tribe.
has announced himself as a candidate for
the TJ S. House. : Hit in the belly.' with a
violent hankering after grub. . - , r
Charles R. Jones was converted a . few-
days ago in r Charlotte under . Zeb Vance s
preaching. , Vance will convert the worst,
unless he is given up to reprobacy of mind
and hardness of heart. XmrAp? neeoraen
From a letter in the New Berne Journal:.
Price, the liberal, has been to Swan
Quarter. -- lie made his little speecnes, con
sisting chiefly in arraigning the Democratic
party. ? We thought he was a Liberal, but
judging from his speecn ne is a ivaaicai.
Wednesday was .a big' day in . Concord.
Besides the circus they had a big speech by
Gov. Vance, and it is stated honestly to us
that Vance drew a larger crowd than the
circus , did. The .people , were capu
vated, and some, of them were heard to
swear that Vance must, shall and will be
our Governor again, for the fourth time..
Charlotte Observer. , . j
We hear it whispered around that Col.
L. C. Edwards, of Oxford, who is wanting
to be Judge of this district, met Sherman's
army in Raleigh in 1865, and made them a
speech in which he said it was the proudest
day of his life when he saw the Federal
flag floating from the top of ; the Capitol of
his native State; and that he never heard of
a Federal, victory but what he was glad.-
Henderson Gold Lurf. i -
fUmntar Ransom's sneech last night was
an eloquent and dispassionate : vindication
of the Democratic party in the State and
nation. It was the speech 01 a statesman.
Quite a number of ladies heard Sena
tor Ransom last night. One, a little more
expressive of .her . admiration than the
others, said, asr she was leaving" the court
house, "isn't he just: too lovely for, anyr
thing I If I were a Republican I'd join the
Democrats sure." Greensboro Patriot, r
An investigation into the circumstances
of the alleged abortion on Mrs. Davidson,
by. her '.husband . and . Dr. Eenne, at the
Fifth' Avenue hotel. New York, took place
yesterday, i A verdict 1 was rendered tnat
the child died from natural causes, and Mr.
and Mrs. Davidson were discharged from
custody. ' ' " , '