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I .iX.V riON-FAUrSES-BE-IEF.
1 1 !;e Government, existed and the
couctry flourished and grew beyond
precedent for neatly a hundred years
before tbie British system of life
tenure was thought of as a fit thing
to be incorporated in a free Repub
lic in which the whole people are the
sovereigne. If the Civil Service law
was to be rejjealed to-day the coun
try would continue to flourish and
g'rotr just a3 if nothing had hap
pened. But it is not bo with regard
to taxation. The basis of govern
ment is taxation. Stop the taxes and
tije wheels of government would.
cJ,i?e to move. Taxation is an abso
lute 1 m.cess:tv. After liberty the
uaxt most important thing is taxa
tionThat is the oil that lubricates,
Nav, it is the power or motor that
sets the machinery of government in:
moii m ar.d kcecs it mo'vinc. Taxes
begia with government and when
they ceae government ends. So
taxation is a necessity and it wil
last, forever. ' j
Partus Lave different plans of
taxation. One pirty jibe Republi
can sets to work to create and per
petuate a system of taxation that
griuijs the poor and makes richer the
alreadyi rich - that compels fifty-five
.n)il;i'-n: people to pay tribute to less
than TEree millions that violates
the Constitution in levying a tax for
Pri-U-ction of certain indastriea in
stea 1 of for revenue with which to
Bu'-";rt the Government that re
verses the true principles of political
science by compelling j the poor to
support the rich that aims to build
np a Luge plutocracy in a free coun
try by favoring monopoly and by a
cuDtingly devised plan for coddling
"infant industries" that are really
mocstrous giact6 of oppression.
Another party the Democratic--holis
that this is a Government of
the people and for the people and by
the people that taxation should o
levied for tho support of the Gov
ernment upon a platf of- econ
omj - that a Constitutional Tariff
is to be favored always, which
is one for revecue only under a well
known decision of the Supreme Court
of the Uaited States that the true
theory is to levy a tax solely for rev
enue Mifiicient to support the Gov
ernment, and that this system will
ineviubly furnish a sufficient proteo
tioa io all meritorious industries
that the taxes must be placed mainly
upon luxuries and that all necessaries
of life shall be either put on the free
list or be taxed just as little as pos
sible, due reference being had to
raising enough revenue for govern
mental purposes that the wealth
and not the poverty of a counlry
should hear the burdens of govern
mentthat the taxes should be lev
ied in a spirit of fairness and justice
to all and with a due regard for the
moral aspects of the question, r
Kow ; tbeee principles are opposite.
There ia an unreconcilabie antagon
ism in the two theories. Both can
not be right. A man holding lone
system cannot conscientiously sup
port for office a man bent on estab
lishing the other system. This would
be to hitch a horse in rear of a Btall
ed jwagon to pull it down the1 hill
when you were pretending to help
the; driver to get vp the hill, il is
inconsistent and absurd.' And! yet
' thousands of voters do. this every
year, and in 1888, thousands will re
peat the inconsistency. Our convic
tion is that a man should believe
something and then show his kith
by his works. We are led to write
this when we read Protection! pa
pers and see tbem howling for Mr.
Cleveland, the leader of the 'true
n . i
democracy m the fight againat Pro
. wction and Monopoly.
XUIIEATENED CHANGES IN IBB
IiAKU. . -
If the Tories should continue from
month to month their evil designs
gainst Ireland they will have a nse
for an the jails in the Kingdom! TJo
to this time there are seven members
of Parliament and between two and
three hundred private citizens! now
m prison and for what? Because they
attended public pohtioal meetings
at which no treason was talked, no
acts of outrage reoommended, no
wmuit caused" to quote from the
5 "yKW l I ea co p
1 , g 1
a' r .
Philadelphia American. ; it is j a
crime in 1887, for an Irishman to at
tend a political meeting unless it is a.
jTbry meeting. This is the off enoe,
and the penalty is incarceration and
fines. The Parnell leaders have
been moderate, long suffering . and
merciful. But the soene' is elowly
but inevitably changing. The
American thus describes it: V
! ' "Trlah neonla beirin to lend an ear to
those who tell them that constitutional and
parliamentary opposition has proved a iau
ure. and that the wisest course is secret pre
paration for war, with dynamite prelimi
naries. These new leaders are becoming all
the more powerful as their more peaceful
rivals, one by one, disappear bsbioa dun
geon bars, and are deprived of all partici
pation in public affairs. Mr. O'Brien, Mr.
HarrinKton and Mr. Dillon are the repre
sentatives of the Home Rule party, since
the failure of Mr. Parnelrs health com
pelled him to abstain from active work.
These and several of their associates are
either in prison or on their way to it. If
the Tories' nttlicy were to force an Irish up
rising, they could not have chosen their
measures better. Perhaps they think what
their Liberal friend The Spectator was in
discreet enough to say, that a fresh Irish re
bellion would furnish the Unionists with
the best way cut of their difficulty."
Not only are Irishmen arrested,
tried and imprisoned for daring to
attend political Catherines, bat 1 the
moderate men of Ireland are elan
dered, misrepresented and persecu
ted. This last chapter in the history
of the wrongs of Ireland is like those
that have preceded all blurred and
stained by wrongs and persecutions
and falsehoods, victoria ought to
be ashamed to have such chapters:
written during her long reign. What
a grand chance she has let go forever
bv to make herself a great name as
the Benefactress and Friend of Ire
land. She simply remains the aged
fisure-head of Toryism that never
learns and has no throb of sympathy
for the oppressed. j
A DAY FOR ALE..
With the old the passing of a year
is as the passing of a month to the
young. It was only the other day
we took our pencil to indite a few
paragraphs ; relative to Christmas,
and yet it has been a whole year ac
cording to the oalendar. How
swiftly move the wheels j of time !
How rapidly passes away a human
life on earth ! J !
"Time flies, death urges, knells call,
Hell threatens, Heaven invites "
But if life be very
be fleeting -eternity
short and time
have full time allotted us here to
prepare for the world to . come, for '
God is merciful and just and long
suffering and full of tender compas
sion. " .
( Christmas has become an old fash
ioned holiday. For some fifteen
hundred years it has been celebrated
with rejoicings, for on that day the
Son of God became flesh and blood,
and dwelt among men. Such is the
ordinary view, il If the Christ was
not really born on the 25th of De
cember he was born near that time.
Christmas is generally a happy time
for the young, and even the old some
times are merry and. rejoicef ul. But
it happens that it is a time of sorro w
ful visitation to
many when the
and the dead are
Christmas is a time when menvnd
women . try to lorget cares ana
troubles, and to hope for better and
brighter days. The world is full of
vexation and sorrow and heart be
reavements, and it is not unwise to
cultivate a spirit of peaoe and good
will and to try to make the burden
lighter and life sweeter.
But in enjoying the Christmas hol
idays we should, be careful not to
Sin. Let as make the children hap
py, and let ns try to gladden the
hearts of the poor. Let gentle Char
ity do its appointed work and let the
liberal hand be well filled with pleas
ant and recreative things, while the
heart overflows with good will to all.
Let the Christmas tide prove a bless
ing, and if it brings back the long
ago in our memories let it also
quicken us to deeds of mercy and fill
our hearts full of sweetness, tender
ness and light.-
! Let sobriety and decorum prevail
in this day of ringing bells and
choral chants and resounding hosan
nas, and let wassail and dissipation
be not allowed to mar the order and
serenitv and hopefulness of such a
season of holiday pleasures. Re
member it is a DrvraE Biethday.
Let the festival be appropriate.
I The Stab again wishes its friends
a Merry Christmas 7 !
We regret to part with our friend
Cant. W H. Kitchin. who has sold
his paper, the Scotland Neck Demo
crat, to Mr. E. E. Hilliard, and ha
written his "Good-bye." Capt. Kit
chin has shown himseif able,bold,hon-
est, thoroughly Democratic. He has
stood ud like a man for: what he
thought to be right. He has set the
press of the State an excellent exam
ple in his devotion to sound Demo
cratic principles and of consistency
in his advocacy of those principles.
We hope that Almighty Father will
bless him in his retirement. Mr. Hil
Hard has had some editorial experi
ence and is a vouner man of talents
There is a sad lack of harmony in
the Democratic fold. - .
Tbe OnalowtBaiiroad. :
The decision-rendered by the Su
preme Court of the State thathe
new, registration 1 ordered . by the
Board of Aldermen for the election in
this city on the question of a sub
scription of $100,000 to the capital
stock of the Wilmington. Onslow &
East Carolina Railroad was illegal,
was variously commented upon ' yes
terday - Opponents of i -the scheme
are of course satisfied that no other
decision would be v reached, while
friends of the measure "are badly dis
appointed, and had ! no hesitation in
saying so. Counsel for the railroad
company, Messrs. .Russell & Ricaud
and Mr. Eugene Martin, were of the
opinion after examining all the stat
utes bearing upon the matter, that a
new registration Was authorized and
are of the same opinion yet, and so,
also, they say, was Judge Phillips,
before whom the case ! was argued in
the Superior Court, ; f .
The opinion is by Judge Merrimon.
It says: ': J ' . v:'-;
The registration , of March. 1887.
should have been scrutinized purged
of the names of persons who for any
cause naa, ceasea to be voters, and an
opportunity offered to persons who
became eligible to 'register and be
come qualified voters at the time of
the election, and I the result of the
election should have been ascertained
by the number , of qualified voters
thus appearing. Authority to pro
vide for the registration of persons
who became eligible as voters after
the preceding I election is given
by statute. I The ; Code. 2675. 3795.1
As to this there is no provi
sion in the I. city charter and
hence the general statutory provision
cited applies. McDowell vs. The Con
struction Co., 96 Nj C, 574 Perry vs.
Whitaker, 71 N. C, 475. By the term
qualified voter' is implied not sun-
ply that the person is eligible to be a
voter, but as well and necessarily that
l in I J- J 1 T xi
uo jo j egiBioreu ! m euou , iu iu way
and manner prescribed by law. A
'qualified voter1' is one duly register
ed. Southerland vs. Goldsboro, 96 N.
C, 49; Duke vs. Brown, 96 N. C, 127:
Wood vs. Oxford, 97 N. C, 227.
There is!error. The judgment must
be reversed, and judgment declaring
tne election void and granting an in
junction, as prayed for in the com
plaint, entered in favor of tne plain
tiffs. ' ' I "'I.;' j
Friends of the road, however, have
not lost heart. They say that it is the
purpose of the company; to apply to
the Board of Aldermen to order an
other election,! in conformity with
the rule laid down by the Supreme
Court in this decision, and they
think that even with the increased
registration they can carry it
A Dead Bos Thief. I j
The dead body of a negro man
about sixty years Of age, .was found
last Wednesday in the woods some
two miles from ! Nat Moore creek,
about thirty miles above this city
near the Cape Fear river. The body
was ; discovered by a citizen of the
neighborhood who was hunting wild
turkeys. Upon examination it was
found to be that! of a negro named
Corbett, living in the neighborhood,
who had been absent from home since
the 10th inst. There was a stout hick-
ory cluD in one of
hands, and one of
Near the body of
dead hog with its
skull crushed. The hog was identi
fied as the property of Mr. Andrew
Squires. Apparentlyihe negro had
tolled the hog into the woods and
killed it with the club and was in the
act of carrying it off. when he fell
dead. The negro had been troubled
with rupture. The jury of inquest
found that his death resulted from
the effects of this, caused by straining
in attempting to carry off the hog.
An Afflicted Family. I
Mr. Jos. O. PittmanJ a well known
member of the Typographical frater
nity of- this city, has been sadly
afflicted, in the death of his wife and
two infant children. One child died
Wednesday last and Mrs. Pittman
and the other child yesterday. The
two infants were, twins, born about
about two weeks ago. Mrs. Pittman
was forty-three years of age, and the
mother of five : other children, four
of whom with her husband survive
her. The funeral of the mother and
her two babes will take place this
afternoon at half-past three o'clock,
from the residence of! Mr. Pittman on
Fourth street, near Swann. ,
Foreign Export Yesterday.
Messrs. Robinson & Ring cleared
the German barque T. C. Berg yester
day, for London, Eng.,with 1,500 casks
of spirits turpentine and 2,000 barrels
of rosin, valued at $27,659.76. j
Messrs. Paterson, (Downing & Co.
cleared the German brig Atlantic, for
Fleetwood, Eng., with 2,852 barrels of
rosin, valued at $2,935. .
Messrs. SJ P. Shotter & Co. cleared
the German barquej Lucie Bodmann,
with 1,000 casks of spirits turpentine
and 2.600 barrels i of rosin, valued at
$20,284.38. ! ' ! 1 !
Receipts of cotton at this port for
the week ended f yesterday are; 5,184
bales, against 6,840 received the same
week last year. : j
Receipts for! the crop year to Dec.
24th, are 146,704 j bales, against 113,439
to the same date last year an in
crease of 34,265 bales. j
The stock at this port yesterday
was ai,4Ui Daies, against bluuu. ui
20,251 bales the j same date last year.
Exports since September 1st to date
aggregate 125,953 bales, of which 102,
781 were foreign and 23,177 domestic.
The Florence ! Railroad will be
opened for freight and passenger traf-
flo to-morrow, !iecemDer ao. j j.c ex
tend from Pee Dee Junction, on the
Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad, to Dillon, S. O, a distance
of 18 miles. The stations are Sellers,
Latta and Dillon, j Commercial trav
ellers will plea se make a note of this,
and govern themselves accordingly.
The Maxton J Union improves
with every issue. In the hands or its
present management it will prove oi
inestimable value to Maxton and the
surrounding country. The Stab
wishes the union,sicL for that matter,
everything in and, around Maxton,
j , " ' aaamnaanama. " " N -
COL, ; WAn&JEJLJL'S MBPORT.
To tbe rnaaker or Commcre tad
K i1 j-"0, KXCUfiB BC. ' , :i
- A joint meeting - of : the Executive
Council of the Chamber of Commerce
and the Board l ot. Managers of- the
Produce Exchange, to which the busi
ness men generally ; of the eity were
invited, was : held yesterday at half
past 12 o'clock at-the Produce : Ex
change. : There ' was a full attendance
of members of both bodies and a few
visitors. . -j. i u-. ' . .
: The meeting was called to order by
the President of the Chamber, Mr. F.v
W. Kerchner, who j stated that it was
called to hear the report of - Hon. A.
Waddell, who had visited Wash
ington, D. C,'at"tho request of these
bodies in thematter of obtaining
representation of the South Atlantic
ports on the committee of the House
of Representatives on River and Har
bor Improvements. " 1
Col. Waddell stated that in the dis
charge of that duty, he had been re
quested by the J representatives f of
other Southern 'ports, who were then
in Washington on the same business,
to act as th'eir spokesman in an inter
view had with Speaker . Carlisle
of the j House of .Representa
tives; that! he had so acted,
and in his interview with Mr. Carlisle
called attention to the fact that not
one of thelSouth Atlantic ports had
a representation upon the committee
on Rive'r and Harbor Improvements
and that they asked for two members
on said committee, and that while he
did not suggest any.names for" that
committee, he was prepared to do so
if agreeable to Speaker Carlisle.
Speaker Carlisle said that he would
be glad to have any names suggested,'
when Hon. George tD. Wise, of Vir
ginia, and Mr. Dougherty of Florida
were presented. Col. Waddell said,
further, that because of a protest on
the part of some of the representa
tives from North Carolina, he had
a second interview with Speaker
Carlisle, who' refused to name a
representative from North Carolina,
because this State had a repre
sentative on the Senate River
and Harbor Committee; but that
he - would consider favorably
the appointment of Mr. Wise, of Vir
ginia, and possibly would place that
gentleman on the committee. Mr.
Wise, he said, had pledged himself to
represent the other Southern parts as
fully as he would those of Virginia,
his own State.
Col. Waddell felt assured that Hon.
Alfred Rowland, representative from
this district, and Hon. C. W. McClam
my, will do all that they can for the
improvement of our river and harbor,
while he was satisfied that Senator
Ransom wouldedouble his efforts for
the advancement of the same object.
On motion of Mr. H. C. McQueen,
President of the Produce Exchange,
the thanks of the meeting were ten
dered to Col. Waddell for the valua
ble services he had rendered. The
motion was adopted, unanimously,
and the meeting adjourned.
Cape Fear Yadkin Valley B. B.
The committee on Finance of the
Board of Aldermen and a special
committee of th Board of Audit and
Finance, were in conference last
night at the Mayor's office in the City
Hall with the . commissioners ap
pointed to treat with the Cape Fear
& Yadkin Valley R R Co. relative to
a subscription by! the city to secure
the extension of that road from Fay
etteville to Wilmington. It is under
stood that the railroad company
want the subscription of $150,000 to
be either in cash or five "per cent,
bonds. It is understood, also, that
the Board of Audit and Finance are
unwilling to issue bonds bear
ing more than four per cent.!
interest, if th ! decision of the
Supreme Court affirms the validity
of the subscription of $100,000 voted
to the Onslow railroad; otherwise.the
Board will be willing to issue five per
cent, bonds. ! I
The result Of the conference was
not made public; It was stated, how
ever, that no conclusion was reached,
but that another conference will be
held after the holidays.
The committee from the Board of
Audit and Finance were Messrs. Gore,
Hewett and ' Maunder. His Honor
Mayor Fowler and Alderman Fish
blate represented the-Finance Com
mittee of the Board of Aldermen at
A colored girl named Emma Nash,
aged about 19 : years, was terribly
burned last night, by her clothes
taking fire from a stove, at the resi
dence of Mr. Wm. Larkins, corner of
Sixth and Dock streets. The girl
was employed as a nurse for the in
fant of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Flanner.
She was sent up-stairs early in the
evening to put-the child to f sleep.
About an hour afterwards Mrs Flan
ner went up to the room and found
the girl asleep by the stove and her
clothes on fire. She immediately
awoke the girl and took her out on
the piazza and attempted to smother
the fire, but! not succeeding, she rah
downstairs to obtain assistance. In
the meantime, the frightened girl ran
up and down the piazza and fanned
the smouldering fire into a blaze and
when help came she was enveloped in
flames, and her clothing was nearly
all consumed before the fire was ex
tinguished. Dr. Storm . was imme
diately summoned and everything
noRsible was done for the relief of the
sufferer, but she was so terribly burn
ed that there is no hope of her re
Died from Her Injuries. - i
The colored girl, Emma Nsh, who
was terribly burned last Thursday
night, (as reported in the Star), died
yesterday morning about 9 o'clock, at
the residence of Mr. Wm. Larkins,
where she ; was employed: as e-nurse
in Mr. Andrew Flanner's family. . She
received every care and attention at
the hands of her employes, but her
Injuries were beyond the react of m-
manald. . ,. ,'
: FIFTIETH' CONGRESS,' i .
; :; ? wiwr sBaaiiwfc -: . ;;
' ' . l ?, 1 ' Ijfi T-T "S ;.i'
Tfce Beukta Addressed hi Mr. Dolpb on
; fcta Prapoaed Conatlttttlomal Amend
- aaent onlna subject of narlace and
: DiTor-pa.th ,af , JBrv- Moffatt, f
, mietalxaa j ABnoaaeed In xna Honao
Bo Hoaaei Adjonrn to, January
l i Vi'. - f -.v-..'- :.I 'wn
iX A BEN ATE.. , -,
; Washtsotow, Dea 23 Mr. Eustis,
from -the Committee on. Epidemic Dis
eases, reported a bill' authorizing there-'
nioval ef the quarantine station from 8hip
Island, Miss., to someotber island in the
Gulf of Mexico or to somejpass in the Mis
sissippi delta. Calendar. ' " . i
' The Senate then took'up the joint reso
lution introduced by Mr. Dolpb on the
12th inst., proposins- a constitutional
amendment on the subject of marriage and
divorce,, and prohibiting bigamy ' and po
lygamy. .The proposed amendment is in
the following words:- ' - .
"Coagress shall have power to legislate
on the subject of marriage and divorce by
general laws applicable alike to all States
and Territories, and neither bigamy nor
polygamy shall exist or be permitted with
in the United States or any place subject to
tneir junsdiction. . -. .. ;
. Mr. Dolph addressed the Senate in sup
port of the joint resolution. -
At the close of Mr. Dolph' remarks the
jjialeBoiution-Was ordered .to, .lie on the
table Mr. Cuilom saying that he proposed
to snhmit some remark upon it after . the
reassembling of the Senate. - -1
A bill for the removal of the political
disabilities of Abram C. Myers was taken
up and passed.
Mr. Butler presented a letter from the
Secretary of the Mexican VeteralnAssccia
tion. accompanying a gavel wrought out
of 350 separate pieces of wood, tastefully
inlaid, the work of a veteran of the Mexi
can war, Chas. Ufferhuster, formerly cf
the Third U. S. Artillery, now residing in
Charleston, S. C. . The letter suggested
the presentation of the gavel to the presid
ing officer of the Senate. The matter was
referred to the Committee on Rules.
The presiding officer announced the ap
pointment of a special committee to investi
gate the condition of the five civilized
tribes of Indians, as follows: Butler, Mor
gan, Dawes, Cameron and Teller. ' ' ,
<. .Teller introduced a bill to provide
for compulsory education of Indian children.-
Referred. i i
After half an hout's Executive session
the Senate adjourned to January 4th.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
When the Home met tovday the desk
recently occupied by Mr. Moffatt, of Mich
igan, who died in Providence Hospital this
morning, was draped in emblems of
mourning and decked with flowers. '
The chaplain offered the following
"Almighty God, in the midst of this gay
and festive season we are startled by . the
sudden death of a member of the House,
It impresses upon us all the solemn sense
that there is bat a step between us and
death, and bo may every man order his
house that be may likewise be
ready when the summons shall
come. Comfort and cheer the widow,
nnhold and provide for tho children
thus made fatherless, and may they and all
that were dear to him find in Thee that
consolation which alone can be had at such
a time, v We commend to Thy almighty
care and protection the members and offi
cers and all connected with the service of
this Hou&e. Go with those who journey,
abide with those that remain; and in all our
homes may there be a merry Christmas and
happy New Year."
Mr. Adams, of Illinois, offered a resolu
tion for the payment of a month's salary to
the House employes who were on the rolls
December 5th. but who have aince been
discharged, or who may be discharged prior
to January 1st. This is similar in sub
staece to the joint resolution passed some
days since, except that under the joint re
solution payment must be made from the
Treasury, while under the pending resolu
tion payment is made from the contingent
fund of the House.
In EDeakiog to the resolution Mr. Her
bert, of Ala , remarked upon the aetion of
certain Senators in criticizing the House
for passing the joint resolution an action
which be thought was uncalled for, in
view of the fact that the Senators voted
themselves each a clerk and insisted upon
oavine their employes 25 per cent, more
than was received by the employes of the
Mr. Bland moved to refer the resolution
to the Committee on Accounts. . Agreed
to veas 93. navs 91
Mr. Burrows, of Mich., then announced
the death this morning of his colleague,
Mr. Moffett, and the House at 1.15 ad
journed to January 4th.
A Train Knn nt Full Spaed TbroaKta
n Crowd of People In cnieago At
tempt to Iiynebi the EoKlneer Tbe
Indictments for Conspiracy In tbe
Chicago. Dec. 22. An incoming B. &
O. train flowed at full speed through a
crowd boarding the Illinois central subur
ban train, at Van Buren station, last even
ing. Fully 200 people were thronging the
tracks at the time, and without a whistle
or note of- warning the train was upon
them. In an instant Miss Lottie Launder-
ville was thrown fifteen or twenty feet, and
fatally injured. Immediately after the ac
cident the B. & O. train backed up and
had barely stopped when tbe cab was
boarded bv an infuriated crowd of persons
who had narrowly escaped death. The
engineer was roughly seized and cries of
"lynch him," "kill him," were shouted
-from hundreds of throats. Just in time to
nrevent the crowd from executing its
threats, two Central detail officers arrived
and rescued the cowering man from the
throng of avengers. The engineer was
quickly spirited away and his name could
not be learned. There seems to be no ex
mine for the accident. The B. & O. train
was going at full speed when it should
have been at a stand. There was no sound
of bell or whistle to warn the crowd of the
Chicago. Dec. 23. The trial of Dr. St.
John, Levi Dell and Capt. Freer, indicted
for conspiracy in aiding in the escape of
warden W. J. McGanele. came to a sua
den close this noon. The State's attorney
acknowledged in onen Court that he bad
not evidence enough- to convict, so Judge
Collins ordered the jury to bring in a ver
diet of acquittal.and the State nollied under
the indictments against them. The indict
ments against Cant Irwin, master of the
baraue. who-has kept himself in Canada
since the escape, still stands.
An Old White Woman Ontraced ny
Nea-ro livnehera . m Senren or tne
Lthchbubg, Dec. 23. A Liberty (V u.)
snecial to the Advance says Dick Welcher,
a colored youth. 18 years of age, outraged
a very old white woman named Filer,
near that place yesterday. Mrs. Fiferwas
nassins through a niece of woods when
Welcher stopped ner wn a pistol, teiung
her he would blow her brains out if she
resisted. After accomplishing his design
he allowed the old woman to go. People
are very indignant over the act and large
parties are on a hunt for the fiend, and if
caught he wm oe lyncnea. ,
The whereabouts of the big timber raft
is still enshrouded in mystery. .
,, The Secretary of the Treasury has ap
pointed the following storekeepers and
ransrers: W. S. Sawver. in Madison coun
ty. N. C; J. L. Sherman, in Yadkin conn".
The . Tutum newsnaner In Chicago has
been purchased by the West-Snowden syn
dioate, which will assume control about the
I 4th of January. Tne iorm oi ww ppw
will be changed, ana tne price wm o uuce
instead of flvi cents.
AXtgkunlprat YaJa apa A : Licit t
noase for Capt Btutita Saaats-
Confirmations, cr, aver nment
3 Receipts Batlmatts for XTcneteneiea
. aw . Year's'at tna Wbiu II o ass.
By .Telegraph to tbe fctoratnx Star.; X
'1 Waskujotoh." Dec. 23 Senator Gar
man introduced a bill to-day appropria
ting i $60,400 for a lightship at False Cape
entrance to Chesapeake Bay. ;
" The Llghi-hoas Board ia now consider
inz the feesibttit? -f erecting a light-bouse,
of first-class rler; on the outer shoals at
Cape HatterLN: C. These waters, which
are regarded as the most daogerous on the
Atlantic coast, are now ioscfifciently pro
tected. - Engineering difficulties in the way
of tbe construction of a light-house on the
sboals are so many that recent develop
ments in const motive engineering 'were
needed to ensure succets in the undertak
ing : Piacs -for the work, are how ; being
prepared m accordance wi'U tnev:ewaof
eminent experts ': ;
Senator Dolph renorlvtd from the Senate
Committee on Foreign Relations,' and the
8enale adopted in secret session, a resolu
tion calling upon the Secretary of Stats for
the coirespondence and records of the
State Dv'pfcrtmenv relating to 'the German
occupation of the- Samoan -Islands and
Apia.. . .. , . ,. --
Tbe Senate has cochrmed the nomina-
tiocs of S S. Carlisle, of- New Orleans, to
be Minister of Bolivia; J. G. Walker, of
Texav to be Consul General at Bogota.
A bill was introduced in tbe Senate to
day by Mr. Pasco, for the erection ofja pub
lic budding at Tallahassee, Fla., and ap
propriating f 75,000. f : f
Washihgton, Dec. 23. becretary La
mar to-day instructed tbe Commissioner of
the Genaral Land Office that the order of
December 15th inst., (telegraphed on the
16th and published the 17ib inst.,) direct
ing "that all lands heretofore withdrawn
and held for indemnity purposes under
grant to railioads mentioned in said order,"
be restored to tbe public domain, and
opened to settlement and entry under gen
eral laws, after giving the usual notice, be
changed and modified so that tbe lands
shall be restored to the public domain upon
the same terms and :n the same manner a?
was directed to be done by tbe ordtr of
Augusts, 1887, in relation to indemnity
lands withdrawn for tbe benefit of the At
lantic & Pacific Railroad Company and sub
sequent Orders of August 15,1887, ia re
lation to other roads. .
; VTAfcHiNGTON, Dec 22 President Cleva
land will hold the usual New Year's recep
tion Monday. January 2d. Tbe rresiaeat
will be assisted by Mrs. Cleveland and the
ladies of tbe cabinet. Mrs. Cleveland's
Saturday afternoon receptions, from three
until five o'clock, wiUgbegin Saturday,
January 7th, and continue oo olternate
Saturdays throughout tbe season.
Tbe receipts this month amount to $21
697.888. being an excess of $12,927,137 over
disbursements lor tne same period.
The Secretary of the Treasury to-day
transmitted to Congress estimates to meet
deficiencies in expenditures,of various de
partments ef tbe government for the fiscal
year ended June 30. 1887, and prior eirs
amounting to So.otHl.Vvs tie also submits
an estimate aggregating $3,075,274, to meet
urgent demands upon the government for
the fiscal year ending ; June 80, 1888; and
schedule claims amounting to $383,703, &1
lowed ny tbe sixth Auditor on account of
compensation ef postmasters under the re-
adjU8tmeot;act or 1SS3
Washihgtoh. D:c t.24 The President
issued tbe following order this afternoon to
all the departments
The President directs that flags on all
public buildings in the city of Washington
be placed at half mast as a mark of tespect
to the memory of Daniel Manning, late
Secretary of tbe Treasury.
Uf direction or tne President.
(Signed) Daniel 8. Lamont,
He also Bent tbe following telegram to
luxecutive Mausioo, Washington, u U
Dec. 24 To Mrs. Daniel Manning. Al
bany. N. Y. : Though in this hour of un
utterable grief your sorrow is too sacred to
be shared and too deep to be reached by
earthly Comfort, may I express to -you
my sincere and tender sympathy, sadden'
ed by my own affliction at the loss of a true
and trusted friend and loyal associate, who
but lately stood at my side in the discharge
with patriotic zeal of a solemn public duty
(Signed) Gbovkr (JLKVELAHD
Washidgtok, Dec. 24. Secretary Fair-
child issued this afternoon tbe following
order relating to the death of ex-Secretary
Treasury Department, Dec. 24 Hon
Daniel Manning, late Secretary of the
Treasury of the United States, died to-day
at Albany, H. X. Mr. Manning was a
true patriot and firm friend, and he ren
dered his country great service by his wise
management of thts department; ne was
honored by all of our people, and especially
endeared to all who were associated with
him, either in his public or private life.
As a mark of resoect to bis memory, it is
ordered that the Treasury Department
building at this capital be draped in mourn
ing for ten days; that it be closed on the
day of the funeral, and that on that day
the national flag be displayed at half-mast
on all public buildings under tbe treasury
Department tnrougnout tne united btates.
(Signed) CHARLES . r aibchild.
Secretary of ths Treasury
It is expected that President Cleveland,
Secretary Fairchild.and several other mem
bers of the Cabinet will goto Albany to
attend the funeral The customary New
Year's reception at the White House will
be held as usual. I
Wassirgton, Dec 24 The President
and all the members of the Cabinet, and
Colonel Lamont will attend ex-Secretary
Manning s funeral at Albany on Tuesday
They will leave nere nonuay nignt
Fears tbat n JHlsslns Man Was Mur
By Telegraph to the Mornln 8tar.
Cihcinnati, Dec. 24. The police au
thorities have in their charge a nine-year
old bov whose story is mysterious. He
was given to the police by Mr. Manning
Light, of Atlanta, who says he brought the
boy from Atlanta to mis city at tne request
of Mr. Beckwith, of Lawrence, Kansas.
The last named said that he started from
Tampa, Fla., with Alexander Simpson, the
boy's father, and tbat on Wednesday nignt,
near Way cross. Ga.. Mr. Simpson went to
the water closet, since wnicn time notning
has been seen or beard of him. Mr. Beck
with broueht the bov to Atlanta and then
sent him here with Mr. Light. Mr. Simp
son was book-keeper for the Plant Steam
shin and Investment Company, and was on
his way to Lawrence, Kansas, where the
boy Bays he expected to start a ory gooes
store. There are fears that he was mur
dered. Mr. Simpson s former home was in
Jersey City, and bis wile is now at ne wars',
Iaaae Haynes aiu:s as bwtcbivs,
Ala. A Colored Man Murdered in
. . By Telegraph to the Morning Star. .
Chattanooga.! Dec. 24. A special to
the Times from Stevenson, Ala., says John
Thomas, vara master of the Memp&is a
Charleston Railroad, at that place, met
Isaac Hayes on the street to-day, and en
rased bv sllehtinir remarks which the latter
is alleged to have made with regard to his
(Thomas') sister, shot Haynes dead. Haynes
I 'Aa AAA 1 .
recently drew a prize oi io,wuin a umery
and had been living ratner a last me.
Thomas surrendered himself and he is in
A. aneciai to tne iroiu ouuur,
. i .' - - 'm. . a.JJ-
Tean..savs Henry Marshall, colored, shot
and killed Will Mason, colored, there UK
day. The murdered man was trying to
quiet a row when was shot The mur
derer wa captured -and has been put in
jail at Chattanooga; ' r ? . -. y -
, . Cecil Fleming," for many yean superin
tendent of the Mobile St Ohio, and after'
wards of the Cincinnati Southern Railroad,
committed suicide in Mobile, Ala. ? -
EX-SECRETARY MANNING .
His Death at ; Albany Yostarday at
1.34- p. Bf.Th Funeral to Take
I Cv Telegraph to tha Morning ir. '
AlbaSy, N. Y., Dec,' 24. Mr. Manning
seemed to rally and brighten considerably
this morning, to the surprise of his family,
and about 1 o'clock this afternoon bis con.
James Hi, who had been up watching at the
bedside almost without rest, went out for a
short walk in the fresh air. He returned in
a few moments, and entering the room
where the nurse and patient were, discov
ered that his father was breathing faster
and with shortened breath. The matk of
death was on his countenance, and though
Mr. Manning had repeatedly requested bis
family not to witness bis passing away, it
was deemed best to summon tbe household,
and in the presence of his family, at 1:34
o'clock this afternoon, Mr. Manning quietly
and gently ceased to breather
Albakt, Dec. 24. The Mayor iasutd
the following this evening in. regard to ex-
Secretary Manning's death:
' Mayor s ujjtce, Albany, M. I ., Vee 84
To the jcitisens of Albany Our foremost
townsman is no more. Daniel Manning is
dead. The great heart which loved Albany
is done with its throbbing; the mighty brain
wnicn pevised wise plans lor a nation s
money iis at rest. Content with private
condition, he rose to national eminence; free
from ambition, he was intrusted with
power; modest and unassuming, he stood
oeiore Kings tils career has reflected
lustre upon our city. His ascent into honor
has marked a way for our youths moved
by honorable desire. In the literature of
mourning we can find no expression to tell
our sorrow: the most we can do is to adopt
the cusiomary symbols and wear tbe com
mon emblems which speak of grier and
affliction. Therefore, you are requested to
display' the ordinary signs of mourning and
to cease irom yonr usual employments du
ring the hours of funeral services.
ISigned , Johu Boyd Thacheb.
J ' - ! - ' , Mayor. :.
The 'funeral will take nlace Tuesday.
December 27th, at 2 p. m , from St. Paul's
) PENNSYLVANIA .
' be Strike on tbe Readlns Railroad
Nearly 60000 men Coneernsd.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star
Philadelphia, Dec 24. A convention
of the Reading Railroad Employes' As
sembly met here this evening and ordered
on strike everybody in the employ of tbe
company, with the exception of passenger
train employes. Tbe order to strike in
cludes coaf miners in the employ of tho
Reading Company, and will affect nearly
sixty thousand men.
Reading, Pa., Dec. 24 Up to noon to
day passenger traffic on the Philadelphia
and Reading Railroad has not been affected
by the strike at Port Richmond; all passen
ger trains are moving oo time. - In conse
quence of the strike at that place, however,
ail coal and freight trains between Reading
and Philadelphia have been side tracked.
Not a coal train has passed through Read
ing for Port Richmond since midnight,
shipments of coal being made to local
Reading, Pa , Dec. 24. Dating twen-
ty-foUr hours ending late to-night, not a
6ingle coal train has passed through this
city from Sen uyl till regions on the Read
ing iKsilroaa lor fbiladelpbia or Port
luenmond. . rnoueands oi cats loaded
with coal are now standing on sidings,
north and south of Reading, where trains
have; been run and fires drawn from tbe
engines. Hundreds of applications were
received to-day from men anxious to go to
Port! Richmond and take the positions of
strikers. The first contingent of fifty was
sent to-night. Freight traffic is also at a
stand-still. Passenger trains alone are run
Ueneral Manager McLeod said tonibt
that the Reading Railroad Company in.
tended to manage its own affairs. Tbe
question involved, Mr. McLeod contended,
was not one of wages, but the far more im
portant questions whether tho company
shoald manage its own s Hairs or whether
they should be managed by its employes.
lie bad been forbearing at all times, be
said, granting requests which were abso
lutely unreasonable, and this course was
pursued ; with the - sole purpose of
preventing sale of property under
foreclosure and disintegration of the
whole system. The situation of tbe
property now, the General Manager &aid,
is different; the property is about to pass
again under oontrol of its owners, and, as
reorganization is assured, the company has
determined to enforce discipline, no matter
at what cost. The employment of the po
lice was not for purposes of intimidation
but to protect those whom the company
might employ in the place of the strikers.
The company has been promised protec
tion in this city by the police authorities to
the extent of 600 men, if such a large force
should be necessary. The company has re
ceived applications lor work lrom large
numbers of men if protection should be
guaranteed them. This assurance has been
given, and it is intended to begin work in
earnest with non-nnion labor on Tuesday,
if the men in the employ of the company
prior .to Friday night do not resume work.
Another official stated that it was the
intention of the company to operate the
road with labor picked up wherever it
could be obtained. It was intimated that
applications already received for work
furnished indications that it would not be
difficult to obtain labor enough to keep
Snooting Affair at Nashville Two
Prominent Republicans tbe "Inter
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Nashvillb, Dec. 24. John J. Littleton,
editor of the National Review, a leading
Republican paper in , Tennessee, was shot
near his home on High street this morning,'
by Joseph R. Banks; a real tstate agent,-
Kanks is a Kepublican, and he and .Little
ton belonged to opposing factions of the
Republican party in Tennessee. Banks
was one of the active opponents of Little
ton in the late municipal election, when
Littleton was Republican nominee for
Mayor. By the cooperation of Banks and
the faction to which he belongs, Littleton
Was defeated, and the issue of Littleton's
paper for the last, week was very bitter on
those who opposed him, giving a most un
savory record to many of them by name.
n Bankable was especially severe, accus-
ng mm directly oi nameless immoral
radices. Banks nas been moving in
he best society and was terribiy
angered. Littleton was out of the
City when the - paper appeared, being in
attendance at a conference of Republicans
in New York. He returned last night. This
jmorning he left home a little before 10
jo' clock. - As he passed a shoe shop a short
distance from his home on High street,
jBanks stepped out with a double barrelled
snot gun ana nrea. rne snot strucB in
Littleton's left side, some of them penetra
ting his liver. He fell, crying "Oh Lord,"
and Banks fired the other barrel in his left
groin. Littleton staggered to his feet and
said, "Oh you coward." Banks walked to
the jail and gave himself up. -Littleton
walked home with the assistance of a
friend. Littleton declares that he will get
well, and his friends are hopeful, but the
doctors say his wounds are very serious.
Attempt to Assassinate tbe Keeper of
' Cape Henry Light-House.
By Telegraph Morning to the Star.
Nokfolk, December 24. M. L. Odell,
the keeper of Cape Henry Light-House, re
ports that while riding alone through the
woods near the light-bouse this afternoon,
he was shot at by three men who were
lying in ambush. He escaped unhurt and
fired on bis assailants, and thinks he
wounded one. who with the other two
made his escape unrecognized. -
The : President has recognized James
Marsden Smith as honorary vice consul of
Spain at Norfolk, Ya, -.w-4 "
Treasury balances coin $131,426,000;
currency $9,612,000. i .
Snow ma JSnterpriae: A'litUe ;c -t
child of Mr. Bill Gay on last Friday wan- .'
plajing in the fire with a broom Its V :
clothes took, fire and it was burned to ' ' V. "
death'...? -j::.v v'Vv
t ! Wadesboro Intelligencer: Col.
N. Frederick, the; old veteran hotelist, u -again
in the ring. He is now keeping sha ,
Frederick House, i at Lilesville W
cm single out half a dozen Anson county C i
.farmers, who spit on their hands and look. '
eV fresh start in j'65, and to-day they Mr T
worth in the aggregate, near, if not quite. ' ,' -!
$300,000. Thia.1 we think, is a nrettv iW r,
showing, and it goes to prove that vigorous'
action, intelligently dirtctei, will, even on v'
the farm, secure a competence. . y r - i ;''
T Durham Plant: Dnrham ship
ptd last week : - Smoking tobacco, 111 J8S
pounds, - worth $41 497 44 ; Cigarettes.
526.240. worth $31.857414 At tho V
Banner warehouse last week 157,893 lbs -. -of
leaf tobacco were sold, averaging $14 10
fer everything, f The First National "
Bank of Durham has been Issuing some of
its notes. Pretty, obi so pietty they ir.
The double-entangled signature of Mr. J. ' '
8, Carr, and the grand flourish of Mr. Leo '
D, Heartt are set off af never before. -
Charlotte Chronicle; la ihi
National Express cases Judge Dick and -Judge
Bond are not of the tame opinion. .
and the stockholders have the long sought '
for privilege of an appeal to the bupremo-''
Ccurt of the United States. Liddell
&Co. yesterday received an order from'
Dayton, Ohio, for one of t'jeir Boss presses -to
bo shipped to Mexic They have a
saw mill at work in South. America, and .
seven, eight or ten north of Mason and' .
Dixon's line, sold through a Pniladolpbi .
agency. Yesterday they sent a saw mill t - .
Vicksburg, Miss. "
Asheville Citizen: We learn :
that a painful accident occurred in tho -transfer
yard at Hot Springs oo Saturday
last. A freight train was backing down-.
one track, while another was moving up on " "
another. A lad about twelve years old
was watching the up coining train, 'end v
did not see the other until he wa struck -aad
knocked into a cattle guard. He threw
up one arm across the rail, and it was
crushed that amputation was nicsssary
We regretted to learn from -Mr. W, :
G. Mesrs yesterday that he only saved a- -portion
of one barn of tobacco out of a
crop of several acres. The frosts did him
very considerable damage.
Asheville Citizen: A collection
was taken up in the First Baptist Church,
which resulted in the sum of a little in ex
cess of $143. A portion of this "will bo
spent in decorations for the Christmas treo
of tho children of the congregation; the re
mainder, much the larger portion, will bo
judiciously devoted to the uses of tbe chil- -dren
of the poor belonging to tbe church.
We regret to learn through Mr. Alfred
Baird. who reached home Saturday even
ing, of an affray between two. well known
citizens of Webster which resulted seriously
to one of the parties. Mr. John Long en
tered the store of Mr. Bragg Allison in
search of an atticlo of which be was in
much present need, and not being supplied
became offensively abusive to Mr. Allison.
The latter resented the abuse with a blow,
wbereupon the other attacked him with a
knife, inflicting five ujly wounds on tho
face, neck and head of Mr. Allison.- Tbe
injuries are severe and painful, though per-
Laps not dangerous.
Charlotte Chronicle: The peo ple
of Salisbury yesterday had two fatal -shooting
affairs to talk about, both victims
being colored, and the shots having been
fired by colored boys. The first affray oc
curred Monday night, at the home of an
old colored man named Martin Bell, who
lived near Salisbury. Monday night Bell
saw a negro boy prowling around bis
premises and! ordered him to leave. Tho
boy did leave, but before doing so. raised a
shot gan, took aim at bim and fired. Tbe,
load took effect in Bell's bowels, inflicting
a fatal wound.. Bell was a respectable
colored man, ; At four o clock j ester
day afternoon, a ten year old son of Jsck -Mowery,
stole an air gun from the premises
of his father1, near Main street, and went
with it to tbe house of Reuben Qodgins.
near by. Other boys were playing there,
and one of them found a cartridge, which
was placed in the gun. Milas Kelly, a boy
ten years old, then picked up the gun, and
taking deliberate aim at Mowery, fired
The bullet struck Mowery just over the
right eye and crashed into his head, pene
trating tbe brain. Mowery fell dead.
Winston Republican: - We re
gret to learn that our worthy citizen and
tobacconist, Mr. M. W, Norfleet, was at
tacked with hemorrhage of the lungs, dur
ing sales at the Piedmont Warehouse last
Saturday. !- A little child of Mr. R. E
A. Moss, who resides on the Clemmons- .
viile road, a few miles from V inston, died
a horrible death from the effects of hydro
phobia, on Tuesday. The child was bitten
about five weeks ago by a dog belonging to
a neighbor. Old Richmond Township -
is coming to the front in big hogs, Mr. L.
M. Vest slaughtered a good sized porker the
past week that tipped the beam at 680 -pounds.
-4- J. P. Crews, Esq , of this
county, killed a poker one day this week,
18 months old that weighed 602 pounds.
A spruce looking young fellow, giving
his name as D. W. Clark and claiming to
represent a large New York millinery -and
pattern house, Glenn, Morris & Co.. has -been
doing un High Point. He wears
store clothes and the Enterprise says is a
sharp one and a swindler. Mr. Wm.
Hay. sentenced to one year's imprlsonmen t
at the last term of Court for assault with a
deadly weapon upon the person of Mr. W. ,
A. Whitaker, has released from confine- '
ment Sunday morning by a pardon issued
by His Excellency, Governor Scales.
Wilmington Presbyterian: A
meeting of two weeks beginning Nov. 2Sib, -was
held tin the Presbyterian church in.
Clinton, N. C. Rev. Dr. Mirable. the
stated supply of the church, was assisted by ;
Rev. A. L. Phillips, of Fayetteville, who
preached j every night till December 9th.
At that date mere naa oeen - twenty-nine .
professions of faith. Tbe Presbyte
rian church in Fayetteville ia rejoicing in
the presence of the Holy Spirit. Since
Nov. 1st. '86, it has received forty seven
additions, and is now steadily increasing in
numbers and growing in spirituality. .
It lies on our mind to. say that Rev. Robert
Strange, who has just assumed the rector-,
ship of St. James' parish in this city, does
so with the most cordial good wishes not
only of his charge, but of the entire Chris
tian community. He comes to the city, as
one of its own eons, with the prestige of a
name that is honored here and throughout .
our State, as representing the highest no
bility of character; and he comes above all
with an excellent reputation as a Christian .
pastor a reputation fairly earned In the
discharge of his duties as rector of the -Church
of the Good Shepherd in Raleigh.
The Troy limes, edited by
Messrs. I. M. Deaton and Thomas M.
Hall, at $1 a year Is an exceptionally neat .
paper one of the neatest in the South.
Wilson Advance: Mrs. Mary ,
Garland died at her residence in this place
last Thursday, after a sickness of many
months with consumption. Tbe
Dunn Signboard has changed hands.- Mr.
N. R. Richardson, the founder of the pa
per, has joined the Methodist Conference
and gone to preaching. 'He is stationed on
Dobb's circuit. Mr. D. N. Farnell is the ' .
editor now. Wednesday night, about
half-past 8 o'clock, tbe town was startled
By the report of a terrible shooting affray.
Mr. Theodore Hobgood, formerly editor of
the Asheville Advance, shot Mr. Wm. C.
Gerham, at the residence of Mrs. F. A.
Gorham, mother of Gornatn and mother-,
in-law of Mr. Hobgood. It appears -that
Mr. Gorham had invited Mr. and Mrs.
Hobgood to take tea at his house, and, be
ing somewhat under the influence of liquor,
became insulted at something Mr. Hobgood
said, and ordered bim to leave his house.
Mr. and Mrs. Hobgood, to avoid a difficulty,
left his house and went to Mrs. F. A. Gor
barn's.1 Gorham went to his mother's and
asked Mrs. Hobgood if his wife was there,
and was Informed that she was not, and
Mr. Hobgood added, "No, she is not here ":
Whereupon Gorham asked bim with an
oath, what he had to do with it. and im
mediately advanced upon him with a pis
tol, with which be struck him on the head, .
inflicting a severe scalp wound above left
temple. Hobgood clinched with him and : .
in the scuffle which followed, both fell to
the floor, when Hobgood having drawn bis
pistol,1 shot Gorham twice. Inflicting a
wound about three inches above the naval
and one in the back at a point nearly oppo
site. Dr. N. B. Herring dressed the wound
of Hobgood, and Dra. Kings & Moore at
tended to the wounds of Gorbam. which ;
are thought to be fatal, and succeeded la '
extracting the ball from the wound in the '
breast, but conld not trace the one in tbe