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The subscription price of the WraKLT.
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"i " 6 months ' " . , i ! .bo
" 3 month! " ". ' .80
OF THB CLAWS Of
The Iron and Steel Association
have published statistics that prove
so much that the people who are the
sufferers should open their" ees. They
say the production of pigjron was as
United S ates.
lsao.. &t,n .
I,926,7i (about) ejC.QOO
Do jou see wha this means? It
means that the awful tax levid. upon
the American people by the Repub
lican Tariff has enabled the United
States to gain 150 per cent, since
1873, while Great Britain has gained
bat 7 per cent., and Germany (oj per
cent. The Memphis Appeal says in
contemplating these figures '
"' The difference bttwetn 7 ted 150 per
c?v.t, stands to the credit of the jobber tar
iff which President Cleveland; has asked
Congress to modify eo that the poor man
may be able to buy his clothes and his
blankets, the farmer his implements and
the mechanic his tools cheeper. ' I
But let us look into this matter
farther in the 4ight afforded by the
report of theAmerico j Iron and
.Steel Association.) If honest men do
cot regard i the figures with amaze
ment and indignation then they are
indeed callous. Mark you. the As-
sociation is so proud of their figures
that 400,000 of their reports are dis
tributed free over the United States.
They are evidently well satisfied
wi'.h what they have done and hope
to make capital ont of it. j If they
can then the people deserve to be op
pressed. Now consider: . j
The tax on steel rails is $17 a ton.
Freight and insurance to Hew York
$2.50 a ton. Price of English rails
Mi - add freight, &o., $23.50.; This
is the price of English rails delivered
in New York exclusive of $17 tax.
Last year Pennsylvania rails sold at
.about 139.50 a ton and sometimes a
dollir or two lower. The average
for tne year is supposed to nave been
37.00 a ton. , In 1886, the total pro
duction was 1,749,888 tons; in 1887,
2,049,638 tons. Here are some) fifty
millions, dollars paid in two years
above w hat would have been paid if
the high tariff bad not been in opera
tion. Who paid this great sum?
Of course the buyers those who used
the rails. Who got this great sum ?
The American manufacturer. Bnt for
the great tax English rails would have
sold for $22.50 a ton in this country.
-But. the buyers had to pay $37 a ton
upon an average. Who was bene
fited ? The American capitalist.
His wcrkingmen did not get the ben
fit, or any part of it. Who paid the
huge excess - the fifty millions extra
above the English price? Snrely
the men who bought it and used it.
So we have a few scores of men
making $50,000,000 above the' price
of the English production, while tens
of thousands engaged in railroading
had to pay the huge sum. In fact
the whole country was made to suf
fer. If railroads cost high to bnild
them the rate of charges must be in
creased of course, j I. V
But you will say, that the steel
rail workers were benefited. Repre
sentative Springer says in the Forum
that three of the largest Bteel rail
mills in the United States jon 'Janu
ary 1887, reduced the wages of their
workmen 10 per cent, while others
suspended operations. Th s is in
tended as a blind to influence leg
islationto make believe that the
business is unprofitable. j
If with a $17 a ton bounty on each
ton they could not prosper, is it not
good reason for giving up so unpro
ductive (?) a business altogether?
Why carry on a business that costs
nearly double as much as the product
costs in England ? t :
Bnt the-manufacturers have made
and very greatly. Mr. Springer says:
"But the manufacturers of steel rails in
this country , have, during the j past year
reanzea at least f lu.uuu.uuu over ana aoove
a fair profit upon the capital invested."
Of course they have. But the cor
morants want more. They want the
earth. Mr. Springer estimates that
in 1887 alone,, the increased price on
steel rails was $27,731,602. He shows
that employes were paid npon an
average $1.45 a day in 1880,
Mr. Springer says: " '', ': -'; (
"The steel rail bounty was paid upon one
OI manufacture only. The bounties
e . .
Is 1 5 3 S 3 x's S S S 3 X S.
resulting from our protective-tariff system
upon all the manufactures of the country
during the past year have doubtless exceed
ed (500.000.000. The persons who received
such princely incomes through the legisla
tion of Congress may be confidently relied
upon to use their wealth and influence to
prevent any legislation that will interfere
with their profits, "
I; SUPPLBaiENTARY .
; Col. W L. Saunders, the able ex
editor who conduots j so well the of
fice of Secretary of , State, bas been
visiting ! his relative Col. James E.
Saunders, of Alabama, and an inter
esting letter from him appears in the
Raleigh Ihas- Observer, His Ala
bama relative bas been writing a
book of reminiscences of the men of
bis State in the paBt. Our N. C.
Colonel writes of it
"It astonished main looking over them to
see how many of their prominent men were
either of North Carolina birth or North
Carolina parentage, and I could not help
thinking what a people we would have
been if the old Bute could only have held
her own. As it was, she enriched these
Btatea with her beat blood.- Speaking of
these North Carolina aettlera in "Alabama,
my contra said he must like North Carolina
if for no other reason because when a com
mission merchant his 'North Carolina cus
tomers were the very beat he had, safe, re
liable and debt-paying." i , . , , ; v
This is interesting. Let. us sup-
plement this with three remarks.
And First, we heard a leading mer
chant in New York say in 1849, that
North Carolina merchants ' were the
most reliable buyers 1 upon the New
York markets, j He j said his house
was abont to go to the wall inl 836-7,
and would have done so, but for its
North Carolina trade. He said if
the .North Carolina merchants had
been as recreant,, and unreliable at
that time as those from other South
ern States, his i house would have
failed inevitably. .
j Second, in a seven
months trip in
the Sonth some twenty years ago, we
found j among the best citizens in
many, places were: men from ibis
StateV-l . - " '-" 'T'"
i Third, a venerable and eminent
citizen, of Alabama a bank presi
dent and railroad president told ns
that he was - born in Tennessee, but
had resided in Mobile for forty years.
He said "1 give it as my deliberate
opinion that the best citizens of Ala
bama in all callings of life that I have
known, were from North Carolina,''
i" DANCE. ,.. - -:
The New York Jftrror a dramatic
paper has a; symposium npon the
theatre. , Among the contributors is
our old friend Rev. Dr. Deems. He
of coarse : takes ground aquarely
against the modern stage. He could
not do otherwise without forgetting
his early training and the associa
tions of his maturer manhood. He
If every theatre on the planet were
cloeed for five years, would the world be
We agree with him heartily in the
opinion that Goethe's "Faust" is "a
very bad book. Rev. Dr. Buckley,
one of the ablest of Northern Meth
odists is also opposed ont and out to
the theatre. We think he is not so
just and discriminating when he puts
in his index ! expurgatorius Gold
smith's ; charming comedy, "She
Stoops to Conquer," about the purest
and best comedy ever written. Gold
smith's other delightful comedy, "A
Good Natured Man," Is a fit com
panion piece; not so good perhaps,
but still of rare excellence and in
terest. ' These cannot hurt any pure
mind by reading them.
But the stage is not without friends
even among the northern clergy.
Rev. Dr. . Lyman - Abbott, who is
preaching for the time, we believe,
in Beecber's pulpit, and is a divine of
eminent abilities, is not a decided
enemy to. the - theatre. He would
have it to so hold the mirror up to
nature fas to correctly reflect the
vices, as to make tbem "abhorrent,
and to so portray virtue as to make
it attractive." Rev. G. H. Houghton,
of the Epiecopal ohnrcb, and Father
Ducey, of the Roman ' Catholio
ohurob, write in favor of the drama.
Col. Bob Ingetsoll is also among the
contributors, and he takes a decided
stand with those' who defend the
theatre. In the South there is scarce
ly any difference of opinion among
the clergy of nearly all of the leading
denominations as to the evils of the
theatre.' Yon will find but few de
fenders of the stage in the Sooth
among evangelical , ' ' Christians.
Rev. Dr. - Kelley, of the
Southern Methodist Church, tried his
hand at upholding the theatre and at
ridiculing a preacher, in his own de
nomination for denouncing it, and be
got himself in such jvery hot water
that he has not yet' been able to ex
tricate himself. If we understand the
situation, he is still floundering and
fluttering. f -.-; . !.
Bat it is a f aot that there are thou
sands of 4 members of tne various
Chnrches who do attend npon i the'
atres. . The Richmond Christian Ad
vocate, the ablest' of ' alt Southern
Methodist papers, had some stinging
paragraphs some two or three months
ago as to the extraordinary perform
ances of some members of its denom
ination in that oity, and the last num
ber contains this paragraph: .:.
' "There seems to be an epidemic of world'
lineta at this time. Booth and Barrett went
through the State, and Church members
flocked hundreds of miles to the cities
where they played.. Methodist stewards
and deacons and elders giving money and
influence to this school of vice the modren
ineairei Is it not time to call a halt all
along the lines t Texas Cor: St. Louis Ad
vocate. Now we Bee why three Bishops
have rushed to Texas." ; C j.-,
The Democrats in the Congress,
or some of them, ' are responsible, it
seems, for the retention of , Republic
ban officials nnder a Democratic Ad
ministration. !Who they are is' not
known to -. ns, bnt Mr. Vilas could
not do a better; thing -for the true
Democracy than to give the; names
of the sly offenders. We olio the
following '. from the Riohmond
Christian Advocate pf 26th inst: ;
"Not lone after, in elancins through thn
New York Herald, we saw that when a
Democratic member demanded of Mr.
Vilas the cause of 1 delay in dismissing , an
'offensive partisan', BeDublican. the Poat-
master-General pointed to a file, and said i
'There are as manv recommendations to
keep that Republican in, and hat, too.
from Democratic members of Congress, .as
there are to tnm blm out. WhaXam I to
do when Democratic Congressmen backup
their party foes that way . It began to
look like the Virginian had flowed miahtv
close to the corn' in bis statement" '..
It will be noticed that the "West
ern men in the. Congress: are among
the most : pronounced advocates of
Tariff ' reduction. They have had
experience and know of the injuries
inflicted by the robber scheme by
which fifty-eight million people are
compelled to work for two millions.
Another thing will .be' noticed; the
speakers from: the West are not cry-
ing ont for free drinks and "free
Landes, of Illinois,
Democratic bill that
while heartily advocating it, "he re
gretted that it touched the whiskey
and tobacco taxes, which, instead of
being reduced, should be, he thought,
increased instead." Outside of two
three States the Democrats have
desire to see the luxuries favored
the necessaries taxed. ,
Why any one should desire to read
a big paper is hard to understand, un
less he loves to read of crime and
misery. Before ns lies the World of
Friday. -Our eye falls upon the sui
cide of an old man and his wife by
hanging; a man and Woman wedding
after knowing each other for an hour;
Gen. Merritt's suicide; a jeweller
hurls himself from , a- high building;
two others commit suicide, the regu
lar cow-boy spree of two young men
in Memphis, sons of wealthy parents,
&c. Is there anything refining, ele
vating, improving in such stuff ?
Representative Hemphill, of S. C,
is j praised ; for bis ..anti-frotection
speech. The Washington corres
pondent of the Augusta Chronicle, a
Protection organ, says:
VJudge Culberson, of Texas, listened
very attentively to Mr. Hemphill's legal
argument, i The judge is counted the best
lawyer in the House, and ia chairman of
the Judiciary Committee. I heard him
congratulate Mr. Hemphill very earnestly
on his speech. mi. Uempbill occupies a
place among the ablest younger members,
and ne always gets tne attention or tne
House whenever he speaks. Really, he is
tbe only man I who received the eltghtest
attention to-day. The other speeches were
delivered to an empty bouse. Tbe lew
that were present paid no attention."
Queen Victoria Beems to be quite
happy over her reception at Berlin.
She was warmly greeted by people
and royalty, j A speoial to the World
from Berlin says: '
"The whole route to the station was lined
with crowds of people, who heartily salut
ed the Queen Before leaving the Castle
the Queen bade the Emperor an affection
ate farewell. The Emperor expressed t
hope to see her again in bettei times. Tbe
Queen repeatedly expressed her gratifica
tion at tbe rnendiy welcome given ber by
the people of Berlin. "
The venerable Rev. Dr. Thomas
Armitage, one of the most- eminent
of American! Baptist ministers, and
pastor of forty years of Fifth Ave
nue Baptist Church, .has resigned,
bnt his congregation will keep him as
honorary pastor. ; He has just sailed
for England. We! believe he is Eng
lish or Scotch. , . v.
The : Indiana Democracy believe
in Tariff Reform,' Grover Cleveland
and Gov. Gray.! The latter they
propose to present as their candidate
for the ! Vice ' Presidency on the
Cleveland Reform ' tioket. This
looks harmonious and lovely. . "
I Gov. Isaac P. Gray, of Indiana,
seems to be 1 the coming man for the
seoond place on the Cleveland ticket.
His home is at Union City, and he is
worth some $50,009. In 1881 he had
a feud with Jo McDonald, and this
accounts for Jo's receBt talk.' '
Mrs. Blaine ; writes- on. 12th April
to her son Walker, of his father, that
he is in the very best of health; nd
"that there was not the slightest
symptom of any ailment about him
Stop lying abont Jingo Jeems, ye
papers." -'- ' T-'-j ':
Tbe Southern States are now solidly
Democratic. Perhaps none of them will
be lost, with the exception of Louisiana.
Xf. x. wn, wuer organ. ,
; What nonsense!- Louisiana has
just gone Democratic by 75,000 ma
jority; J- l ',- ry r'i
I iiiame , is reporiea not to be so
strong among Ne w York I State Re
publicans as he was before he wrote
his letter of deolination. ' V ;
The sdmewhat . notorious so-called
"miBd-reader," W. L Bishop, is now
in a lunatic asylum. The spirit man,
Foster, died insane. :
The Grocer's Circular prints iherfol-
lowing in regard to the nse of canned
goods, . which ..caniiot be too 'widely
known or carefully remembered. f- It
They are not nut ud in vessels from
vmca mey are to do eaten wnen eon-r
venient to consumers, but are; only
packed In tins in order to presetvet
them.: No canned eoods are enaran-
teed to keep fresh and remain sound
for any number of days after being:
onened ths contents
of?the tin should -be "immediately J
turned out and 'eaten as soon aspos- I
- Ti 4-1 . J . A 1 1 . .i.H f
cover It no and keen it In a oool olaee
alwavs." however, torn ont of the 1
original tin. The Manor around lob
sters, salmon and all vegetables, ex
cepting tomatoes, it is desirable to
strain oft and throw- away. Lobsters
and prawns are improved bv being
purneo. mio a seive ana rinsea witn
Clear, cold water. , Never, on any ac-
count, add vinegar, sauce or any Klna
of condiment to tinned foods while
they are in the tins, and never leave
such mixtures to remain an hour or
two. if from foreetfulness it is done. .
All tinned goods are nntUD as freea
as it is possible to i be. but. unless
corned or salted, will not keep tarn-
ea out as iresniy cooseq goods will,
and certainly not lonerer. as" manv
tnougntiessiy suppose or expect tney
wui. sardines, it preserved m good
oil, and if of good quality will be an
exception. As long as the oil Is good
the fish can be kept in the tins, but
seven days is long i enough to trust
these before ' eating. Consumers
should not buy larger packages of
canned goods, than tney can always
consume quioKiy. 11 tney snouid.
most of the fish and meats can be
potted after recooking, sauces and
seasoning being , used. If the nose
and eyes are properly nsed it ia as im
possible to partake of an unsound
tin of canned food of any kind as to
partake of bad meat, fish or vegeta-
oies irom a snop.
An Artealaa Well.
Mr. James "Walker, the builder and
contractor, who is putting up a hand
some residence for himself at the old
Canaday place out on Market street-
has had an artesian well bored, with re
suits that were rather remarkable.
The ! workmen, after boring thirty
ieet tnrongn sand and clay, structr. a
bed of rook, four feet' in thickness.
Drilling through this rock they came
at once to water which rose to the
height of seventeen: feet in the well
and seems to be inexhaustible. Pumps
were put in and an effort was made
to free the well from water, but after
long and vigorous pumping it was
fonnd. impossible to lower the water
Th Celebration at GalMord Ooa r
' Bouse, j
The people of Greensboro, and of
the county of ; Guilford, N. C, have
arranged for a celebration in com
memoration of the battle of Guilford
Court House, to take place on the
battle ground, May 5, 1888, the anni
versary of the organization of the
Guilford Battle Ground Company.
There will be - suitable ceremonies,
civic and military displays, including
an oration by the Hon. D. Schenck,
also a poem, and speeches by distin
guished men from all - parte of -the
Union. Handsome invitations have
been sent out by the committee : of
arrangements and a great success is
expected of the celebration.
Barn Burned. I.
Mr. John F. McNair, of the firm of
McNair & Pearsall, received informa
tion that the barn and stables at his
place at Laurel Hill, Richmond coun
ty, were burned yesterday morning
about one o'clock. I A valuable horse
and buggy, with forage, grain, etc
were also j consumed by tne names.
The loss is estimated at about eight
hundred dollars, with insurance for
five hundred dollars. It is supposed
that the fire was caused by a negro
incendiary, who a few hours before
the fire was discovered attempted to
break into Mr. McNalr's store, but
was driven off before he succeeded in
getting into the building. The same
negro was seen at the time of the
fire, and several shots were fired at
him, but he again escaped, dropping
his hat in his flight.
Mr. McNair left last night for
Laurel Hill, j - I
James Brown, a
boy, in knee breeches, who says that
he is twelve years; old, was arrested
yesterday and taken to police head
quarters.' The boy was in company
with negro tramps, who came hence
from the South. He says that his
father, Paul Brown, lives at Augusta,
Ga., and that he left home because
his step-mother beat him. . He said
also, that he came to Wilmington to
get work in the cotton factory; but
when the police overhauled him he
was trying to get away from the city
with the negro tramps. Mayor Fowler
ordered the boy to be detained until
he could communicate with kthe au
thorities in Augusta, Ga.
Vostal ( nance.
Train No. 15 on the Wilmington,
Columbia & Augusta Railroad, which
leaves Wilmington at 2.40 p. m. dally,
will hereafter take ont the postal
car. and distribute the local mail
between this city and Florence, S. C,
which has heretofore gone out on
the 8.05 p. m. train. This change is
made in accordance - with recom
mendations made by the special
agent of the Fostoffice Department,1
who visited this city some time ago,
for the purpose of investlgating.com-
uuunis as to lDemoieat mau bcjtvxuc.
Colnmbae for Stedman. '
1 The Democratic Convention of Co
lumbus "county met yesterday at
Whiteville, and instructed the dele
gates to the State Convention to vote
for Major Stedman for Governor. As
our neighbor of the Review saya'thia
makes that gentleman's owr section
srettv solid for him. New Hanover
Brunswick, Pender and Columbus
have successively endorsed him and
other neighboring counties will fall
into line in a few days. : u
The Norwegian bark Christine,
bound for Wilmington, N. C, in bal
last, - was blown I ashore on Tybee
beach Thursday morning. : The Uni
ted States lighthouse-supply steamer
jfem was ancnored near by, ana sne
went to the ; assistance of the - bark;
and shooeeded in pulling her off with'
out any material damage. -
eU of n'oid oitlsea. I
Our community was greatlv shocked
yesterday afternoon. Mt the ajationnoe-
mentof the silddeii death of Mr. Ja
cob Loeb, an old and highly respected
citizen. He Was apparently In hfs usual
good health land engaged at the time; :
between 11 and 12 o'elock,"in the duties
of his profession teaching when sud
denly he complained of a violent pain
in the region of his heart. Medical as
sistance was summoned bnt it proved
unavailing, and he expired about half
past 1 o'clock." "' 1 , . r
' .. - :
ffno7n' orn uBKBlexa,r-
manyi out on accottnt-cf his eonnec-
tldn with political troubles was com
pelled to leave his native country.and
came to the United States. Nearly if
not quite forty years ago he made his
home in Wilmington, where he has re
sided since, making many friends by
his upright character and genial dis
position. He was for-years an active
partner of the commission house of
Anderson &Lbeb and was regarded as
a very eonreot and reliable" man - of
business. He- was 'an educated gen
tleman, well versed in the' classics.
and in ancient and modern history.'
He was '. singularly retiring sin his
disposition and : had but few inti
mates, but those: he cherished with
warm affection and would make any
sacrifice for their pleasure or conven
ience, for no man could have been
more loyal to his friends than he. He
was an honorable, upright gentle
man, , and numbered among J his
friends very many of our oldest and
most . esteemed citizens, who will
mourn his sudden and unexpected
death-. .-: ,' . L- ..'? I i
Mr. Loeb was , the efficient French
Vice Consul at this port, and had
held.the position for many years, to
the entire satisfaction of his govern
ment. He,was about- sixty-eight years
of age. , He leaves . a widow and one
son, Mr. Harry Leob, now a resident
Caviare A new Industry.
Messrs. W. E. Davis & Son i have
commenced a new enterprise which
promises to develop into a large and
important industry. It is the manu
facture of caviare from the roe of the
sturgeon. '-They made their first ship
ment a day or two ago, and have or
ders ahead for all they can manufac
ture." They have " in ' their employ a
German expert who has been engaged
in this business for nearly thirty years,
and besides running some fifteen or
twenty seines of their own, have con
tracted with other ; fishermen for all
the sturgeon they can supply The
season for sturgeon has just opened,
beginning about the close of the shad
fishing, and this new business will
give the fishermen employment all
through the summer. Heretof ore the
catch of sturgeon has been limited to
the demand of the home market, with
the exception of shipments made to
Northern markets early in the season,.
- hefors- the run i ol
fish began in
Caviare is the salted roe of the stur
geon or, other nsh. it is esteemed a
great delicacy in Europe, and a great
deal of it is consumed in this country.
In its preparation a specially pre
pared salt is used which is imported
from Germany. ' .
Canatnc Company. I
The Cooperative Industrial Can
ning Company was organized last
night, at a meeting held at Mr. E. F.
Johnson's office on North Water
street. A committee was appointed
to solicit subscriptions, consisting of
Messrs. G. S,- Willis, Jno. R. Mar
shall, E. F. Johnson, Wm. Struthers,
E. G. Polley, A. S. Winstead and J.
M. McGowan. The Company pro
pose to issue stock of the value of
fifty dollars per share, payable in in
stallments of 25 cents per week.
A Providential Escape. .
A gentleman of this city received a
letter yesterday from Rev. F. A.
Bishop, of Beaufort, N. C, the fol
lowing extract from . which will be of
interest to the many friends here of
Mr. Bishop : !
"I have recently had the clearest.
manifestation of our Father's watch
ful care over ns that I have ever ex
perienced. "Last Thursday night the lightning
struck our house, tore half of the
chimney down, filled our room with
dirt, bricks, dust, fire and sulphur,
split the mantel, hurled the clock,
pictures, &c, to the floor, tore off and
scattered the panel work over the
mantel, tore off two ' curtains, set one
on fire and oroxe more or . less giass
from every window in the room. My
wife was sleeping witnln eignt ieet oi
the fireplace, but only a few chips
and pieces of plaster - were allowed to
fall npon ner. l naa not gone to Dea,
and could hardly realize as I rushed
from my study and saw the destruc
tion, that she had' escaped without
a scratch. Only the hand of our God
could stay the destructive power that
was moving all around . her. After
it was over we talked about our
Father's care and rejoiced that in
deed 'He crowned us with loving
kindness and ; tender : mercies.' Oh,
what a sermon He preached to us,
'Watch ye therefore, for ye know not
wnen your juord snail come.- -A
Larceny Case. " I . . " - z.
W., H. Scott, , the colored : man
charged with stealing a pocket-book
containing one hundred dollars from j
the mate of the schooner Delhi, was j
arraigned before the j Mayor yester
day, ! Scott was attended by his coun
sel, M. Bellamy, Esq.,' and ' Mr. Jno.
D. Bellamy appeared, for the com
plainant. After aa investigation of
the 'ease, ' the Mayor decided that
Scott should be held for the action of
the grand jury at the next term of the
Criminal Court, and Scott gave bail
in the sum of fifty dollars for his ap
pearance. . : Later in the day Scott was
rearrested, and his bond increased to
two hundred dollars, and failing to
give tbe required security, he was
committed: to the custody of the sherr
iff. . : ., .-. . ';: .' ' ' V.-.r.X
Naval Storaii. ' : . -' ' ; ': - --
The xiavnl BtoreS movement at this
port 'shows light receipts since the
beginning of the ' crop year April
1st. The stocks Reported yesterday
were as follows: Spirits turpentine,
777 Casks; rosin; 59,793 barrels; tar,
10,838 barreOs; crude, turpentine, 899
barrels.:-- . i
A to ?
Internal Kevenao BeeelptaPoblle
-1 X.HdfRemTai of DietrtetSOfflelaU.
rBz Telegraph to the Vonlng Star 1 ' .
Washihstoh. April 26. Collections of
internal revenue for first nine months of the
fiscal year ended June 80, 1888. aggregated
$93,533,958, being an increase of $5,853,753
over tbe collections during the correspond
ing period Dt the last fiscal year. " Tbe re
ceipts were as follows; On spirit, $50,140,
549 increase, $3,446,408; on tobacco, $22,
51339 increase, $1,107,808; on fermented
liquor, $18,499.908 increase. $1,317,150;
on oleomargarine, $568,975 increase, $8,
729; on bankand bankers, $354 decrease,
$3,265; on miaceilaaeoua obj eets, $186,821--decrease,
$65,577. ? The receipts for March
last were $658,846 less than those for March,
1887, the decrease- baing principally on
spirits and tobacco. - . - i
Tbe House Committee on Public Lands
has instructed Reprtsentative Stockbridge.
of Mississippi to report favorably to the
House and try to secure early considera
tion for tbe Seaate bill- withdrawing the
right to make ..privilege cash entries of
lands in Alabama, Mississippi and Arkan
sas during the remainder , of the present
Congress. . The committee was informed
that large amounts of mineral and timber
Jands in these States are being ; bought up
at private sate or through -cash entries by
Chicago and Cincinnati syndicates, with, a
view to the probable passage of the pend
ing bill, which provides, among , other
things for the withdrawal -of such ' lands
from sale by oash entries and for its i dis
posal under the general homestead laws.
Tbe District Commissioners to-day re
moved Tax Collector John P. Cook and
District Auditor Isaac 8. Tichnor. ifi. G.
Davis, formerly a dry goods merchant of
Washington, was a pool n ted to succeed
Cook and J. T. Petty, also of Washington,
to succeed Tichnor. Petty has been book
keeper in the Auditor's office many years.
Cook is a colored man, very . popular, and
has held the office since 1876. The reason
given for these changes is "administrative
expediency," and the retiring officials are
complimented in notices of remaval. , '
Wabhtrgton, April 27. The Secretary
of the Treasury to-day accepted offers of
$90,000. 4fs registered at $107f; $3,000 re
gistered 4's at $1251, and $1500 ditto at
S125. All except f3,ouoreglstered fours
were received after the regular opening of
A Statement prepared at the Treasury De
pertinent, showing the saving to tbe gov
ernment from purchases of United States
bonds under the circular of April 17, 1888,
to and including to-day, is as follows: To
tal offers, four and halfs, $5,908,400; four's
$3,692,650 Total accepted: four and
halfs,l$2 490.000,at a 'cost of $2,676,862 50;
fours, $1,285,650; at a. cost of $1,614,928
25 Saving in interest on four and halfs,
$205,312 50; on fours. $660,672 25.
Washington, April 28. Offers for the
sale of bonds to the government, received
by Secretary Fairchild to-day, were as
follows: Coupon four per cents $121,000
at $1.26i; $30,000 at $1 26; registered
four oer cents $200,000 at $1,261; $700,-
000 at $1281, $600 at $126; coupon four
and a half per cents $340,000 at $1,071;
registered four and ahalf per cents $160,
000 at $1,071; $10,000 at $1.07; $2,500 at
$1,071, and $100,000 at fl.U7f. .Total,
Emperor William slowly Improving
Decree from the Pope condemning
, tne Plan of Campaign In Ireland.
. Br Cable to the Morning Star. I
Bsbuk,' f April 27. A bulletin issued
this morning says the Emperor had a good
sleep last night, and feels much stronger
this morning. He was feverish last even
ing, but early" this morning the fever had
disaoneared. His general condition is
London, April 27. The statement that
the Pope has issued a decree condemning
tbe plan of campaign' la Ireland is con
firmed. His Holiness says he does so be
cause he is convinced that the plan of cam
paign is illegal He is also convinced that
the Land Courts will . reduce all unfair
rents. Another circumstance . that influ
ences him, he says, is the fact that -.funds
are extorted from contributors to the plan.
The Pope condemns boycotting as a prac
tice contrary to justice and charity. He
makes no mention of the National League.
The Dublin Freeman's Journal urges the
people to exercise calmness and patience,1
and to receive the Papal decree with pro
found respect and loyalty to Rome. It de
clares that boycotting is rare.
Pabis, April 27. Notice has beengiven:
in the Chamber of Deputies of the pro-i
posed introduction of a resolution, signed;
by one hundred and twelve members, repre-,
sentiag the necessity of ..amending the;
present system of international law, and ex-j
pressing a particular wish for an under-;
standing between France and the United
States, with a view to obtaining a definite
acceptance of the principle of. arbitration
among civilized nations. j ..
Berlin, April 28. The end of the
week sees an unhoped for change I in
the Emperor's condition, and the feel?
ing of relief and joy at the good news
can be plainly read in the faces of the
daily visitors to the Schloss. There
is every reason to believe that no fur
ther complications will set in, at least
for some weeks, now that the dangers
of the crisis are over. The original
disease, however, is insidious in pro
gress, and the final result is only post
poned. - i ' I
The North German Gazette, which
usually takes a pessimist view of the
Emperor's case, says: "At any rate
the local disease is unusually slow
in progress. Even now one can
speak neither of a very material 1 ex
tension of the malady nor of its so
much dreaded spreading to other and
especially vital organs." This' ex
tract rather reflects the reaction that
has taken place in the German press
since the admitted success of Dr.
Mackenzie's treatment, and the -now
almost equally admitted fact that the
recent crisis was mainly due to Dr.
Bergman's futile attempt to insert a
new Camilla, ur. Bergman recently
said to Dr.' Mackenzie: "It matters
little what the feelings of German
people maybe, but I have my repu
tation to preserve, and I will ! sign
nothing that is contrary to the truth."
The fact that Dr. Bergman signed the
recent bulletins is therefore of excep
tional importance. Dr. O'Neaf, the
physician attending the Emperor, ex
pressed his views as follows: "Con
sidering the gravity of the Emperor's
maladv. his condition is as good as
could be hoped, but afresh crisis may
come at any moment. . N evertheless,
apart from accidents, new develop
ments are not expected for. a month
or six weeks. The strong constitu
tion of the Emperor may carry him
over this, but it Is useless to deceive
ourselves and hope too much." I -
The Emperor was much encouraged
yesterday by reading the . report Of
a Hungarian schoolmaster who sub
mitted to tracheotomy in 1881 and is
still in fair health. As a. further sign
that the present danger is past, M.
Herbette, French Minister, who has
delayed his departure a fortnight, in
consequence of tbe crisis, has ar
ranged to return to Paris Tuesday.
It is reported also that the Grand
Duchess of Baden talks of leaving
Charlottenburg after her drive to Ber
lin Wednesday, i . ,
Queen Victoria was so pleased with
the hearty reception accorded her by
the people that she immediately tele
graphed to Lord Salisbury a detailed
account of the warm welcome Bhe re
ceived. She was all the more pleased
because it had been suggested .to her
not to come to Berlin, as it was! feared
she would not be cordially welcomed
by the people. Nothing, however,
could induce her to forego her visit to
the Emperor's sick bed. i :
" Rome. April 28. It is stated here
that the action of the Congregation
of the Holy See, regarding the plan
of - campaign in Ireland was taken
spontaneously and without previous
. NO. 26
suggestion from England.'! The Pope
approved the action without entering
into a pending political question be
tween England and Ireland. . i' j ."
. ; Paris. April 28. The Panama, lot
tery loan bill has passed the-. Cham
ber of Deputies by a vote of 31 to 132.
Crops Damaged by Frost Tbe Loss to
Tracker Estimated at Nearly Sl,-
.000,000. .: ; - ? i ' : 5;' -V
- f , CBv Teletr!na to tae Korainx Star.' "
Staunton. Anril 26 Heavv frosts dur
ing the week have killed the -pear, i plum
and damson crops, and greatly damaged
the peach crop. Forward wheat . on - the
river bottom is seriously injured. . :
! Nobfolk, April 28. There was. a heavy
frosts in this section last night, and the
damage to farm truck ia said to-be from
oneand a half to two million dollars. TThese
figures were given, however, by some of
the truckers who were completely discour
aged by the damage to their fields. , The
most careful estimate puts the damage at
from half to three quarters of a million dol
lars. The wind was from the South, and
farms situated on the water, so as to get
salt air, experienced small damage, but in
the back country of Norfolk, Princess
Anne and Nansemond counties, potato
vines were cat down to the hills, beets,
beans, encumbers, watermelons, tomatoes
and cymblings were entirely destroyed, and
peas and strawberries put back a week or
ten days. " Seed ' stores here were' entirely
exhausted of Btock for replanting to-day. -i
-m m m '
7 THE PRESBYTERIAN 8.
Judgment of tbe Presbytery of Iionla
i vine Relative to tbe Union of the
: Northern and Southern. Chnrebca.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
' LotrisviLLK, Kt., April 27. The Pres
bytery of Louisville has adopted the
following concerning the union of the
Northern and Southern churches:
i In reference to the question of union
between the Presbyterian Church in the
United 8tates of America, and the Presby
terian Church in the United States, com
monly designated as the Northern and
Southern Presbyterian Churches,; the
Presbytery of Louisville, now in session,
expresses the following judgment, viz:
Until our! Northern brethren can see
their way clear to adopt the policy of
organizing the colored people of the
Northern States into separate Churches,
Presbyteries and Synods of their own; and
until there shall be a clearer and i fuller
understanding brought to bear upon
the minds j of many of our people
in reference to their interpretation and
application of those points of our common
ecclesiastical law that now deal with secular
and political questions, we judge that the
quiet, peace Bnd prosperity of both churches
will be best secured by ceasing to agitate or
prosecute the question of organic union, at
least for the present. We have reached
this judgment from the opinions expressed
among ourselves, as well as from opinions
and judgments that come to us through
various sources from different parts of our
Southern Church. Whatever, therefore,
may be the individual views, feelings and
desires-of some of the members of this
Presbytery in regard to the great question
of organic 1 union, yet for the sake of
harmony and to await the unfoldings
of God's providence in the future, we
do all now join in the above expressed
judgment; and while expressing ourselves
thus we i at the same time, affirm
that we cherish toward our Northern bre
thren tbe most kind and fraternal feelings;
we admire their learning and ability; ac
knowledge their piety, zeal and enterprise
in preaching and extending the spread and
triumphs of tbe Gospel; commend their in
terest in and their labors for the intellectual
and spiritual advancement of the Southern
colored people; believe they are of like faith
and oider with ourselves, and do therefore
most heartily rejoice in their growing
power and prosperity. Their standardr"df
doctrine and Church .order are out stan
dards, whatever differences of views may
obtain between them and us in reference to
the exact interpretation of a few of the
points contained in them. Hencs their
success everywhere is, in part at least, our
success. We are one in a true Scriptural
sense, even in the absence, of a visible or
accomplished organic union. -
A Wlfe-RInrderer Banged at Ander
eon Execution of Jack Pratber at
Columbia, April 27. -Jasper N. Davis
was executed at Anderson at 12:50 p. m.
to-day for the murder of his wife in Sep-,
tember, 1885. When asked if he had any
thing to say he replied: "You see what I
have come to, Take warning."
His neck was not broken, and death was
caused by strangulation. The execution
was private. Davis' wife left him on ac
count of his ill treatment, and because she
refused to return to him, he concealed
himself near the roadside, and-as she
passed by shot her dead. ,
Columbia. April 27. Jack Prather, col
ored, was banged at Orangeburg to-day at
12.25 p. m., for the murder of Andrew
Jackson, also colored. He protested his
innocence and said he was going to heaven.
He died without a struggle. Prather shot
and killed Jackson in July, 1885, because
he had testified against him in a case in
which both were tried for stealing cotton
GEN, JOS. E. JOHNSTON.
Unusual Honor Conferred on Him by
the ar. D. Baker Pott. G. A R.
Philadelphia, Pa ; April 25 The
announcement is made here this morning
that Gen. Joseph E Johnston, the highest
in rank of tbe living officers of the Con
federate Army, was on Thursday night
last unanimously elected an honorary
member of the E. D Baker post No. 8,
G.iA R of this city Tiie election was
brought about upon the receipt of a letter
reading: "For the purpose of enabling me
to participate in the noble work of charity
performed by the comrades of the Grand
Army of the Republic, I hereby make ap
plication for contributing membership in
your Post. Inclosed please find the sum of
$10 for one year's dues."- The petition was
unaccompanied by any other communica
tion, and when presented to the members
of the Post for their consideration, it went
through with a rush, amid the cheers of
two hundred veterans present. General
Johnston is the only ex-Confederate soldier
who has ever been received in the rank of
the Grand Army Post.
A Servant Girl and a l.iuie Child
:' - Rurned to Death,
Topbxa, Kan., April 28. An explosion
occurred in a dwelling house . on West
street, between 18th and ltth, yesterday
afternoon, caused by pouring oil from a
five-gallon can, nearly full, into a tank of
a gasoline stove. The building took- fire
and was destroyed, resulting in the death of
a domestic named Annie Evans, aged 22
years, an English girl who had been in this
country only a short time, andlber charge,
Mary McLaughlin, six years old, daughter
of James McLaughlin and wife, who occu
pied the house. Tbe ooaies wnen recover
ed were a fieshless charred mass. The po
sition in which they lay indicated that the
servant had desperately tried to save the
little one. Mrs. McLaughlin, tne motner
of the little one, was also badly burned, and
lies in a critical condition. Bhe ran out or
the house enveloped in flames, . when, tbe
explosion happened. She attempted to re
turn to the house to rescue her child but
fell exhausted to the ground, e ;f . .. . .
- I A large number of members of . Congress
and newspaper correspondents left Wash
ington this morning, for Philadelphia to
attend the launching of the "Yorktown,"
the dynamite cruiser, and . in consequence
the Capitol was almost deserted. Only two
Senators made then- appearance in the
Senate Chamber,, and only twenty-five
members were present in the House when
it was called to order.
; Spirits Tiirpentine.
7 - Fayetteville Journal: Quite a
large audience greeted Prof. Geo.- T. Win-
ston at Williams Hall last evening. - Per
haps no audience that ever gathered in this
Hall were more delightfully . entertained,
than that of last sight Capt. Cbas. -
Humphreys, engineer in charge of the river .
improvements above Wilmington, has had .
his entire force for about two months, at
work above Fayetteville digging out rock :
to use in the construction of new jetties, -and
in the improvement of old ones. . '
C - Greensboro Workman: J udge
Schenck,' who was recently invited bv the !
Ladies' Memorial Association to co-operate :rJ
with them in the completion of the Con- '
federate Monument in Greene Hill Cemc- ;
tery, has ordered from Messrs. Bakeell & ".
Mulfins, Salem, Ohio, a statue of a Confed
erate soldier life sizar-cast ia eopper. f ? .
which will be placed on a die. to be erected ,
on the present base. Tbe figure of tbe ' '
soldier will be an exact counterpart of the
one on the Confederate monument at WQ-: -mihgton,
N. C, from the photograph of . -which
it will be modelled. The cost of the
figure will be $350, delivered at Greens- j "
boro. , Vi -,;v ; , ... y.--
i Charlotte Chronicle : The Char- t
lotte Evangelical Alliance which ' was '
organized Tuesday afternoon by the city
pastors and supervisors, met last night. .
Short and appropriate addresses were made. -by
Revs. J. Y. Fair, C. E. Todd. T. 8.
.Brown, F. D. Swindell and A. G Mc
Manaway. Steps were taken towards
carrying out the plan of the Alliance in the :
appointment of visitors, and districting the
city that work at visitation should begin. :
The people of Mecklenburg will this ! .
year be called upon to vote for candidates
for a new office, that of .tax collector. ;
It will require tour million, five hundred ; -;
thousand brick to complete the building '
work now in hand by the contractors in '
Charlotte."' -.--W-i'-- ,4'
Seaboard Reflector .! Judge i; :
Graves ! informed O'Hara that his remarks
were irrelevent and not sustained by the ;
evidence, and very mildly requested him to
desist, but the dusky gentleman from Ber- .; ,
muda seemed to think that His Honor was
jesting,1 or that he (the ex-congressman), -
was a man of too much importance to obey -a
gentle mandate from a Superior Court
Judge, and instead of obeying the mild in- -junction
waxed warmer in his attempted
ridicule, whereupon the venerable Judge
arose from his seat, and in tones that could '
not be misconstrued informed Mr. O'Hara
that his mandates should be respected and
obeyed even by bo important a personage
as the honorable ex-congressman from Ber
muda.; . .'..:
- Monroe Enquirer-Express: A
large amount of machinery is being put in . '
at the Bam Christian gold mine, and work -will
be begun on an extensive scalo. Water '
will be conveyed from the Pee Dee river, -
The chinch bugs have begun work
but are not doing much damage as yet.
The G., 0. & N. Railroad bridge over the
Catawba river is to cost $40.000.
Jas. A. Lockhart, Esq., will deliver the ad
dress at the commencement of Norwood
High School, May 25th. Rev. C. W.
Robinson will be installed as pastor of the
Presbyterian church at this place to-mor
row night. Rev. W. R. Atkinson will pre- , .
side, preach and propound tbe constitu
tional i questions.- Rev. J. L. Williamson
will charge the pastor and Rev. W. R. Ar- :
rowood will charge the people.
Wilson Advance: Bishop Ly-
man preached at the Episcopal Church last . . '
Friday night a sermon that was pronounced
by those who heard it, as strong and prac
tical. The Bolemn and impressive rite of -confirmation
was administered to six per
sons at tbe close of the sermon. Broth
er Blount was unable to be present at the ;
Athletic games at Davis School, La Grange,
last week, and the address was delivered
by Mr. Council Woo ten, of that place.
The people of "our sister town, Toisnot,
have exhibited a wonderful amount of en
terprise from the time the depot was moved
from old Joyner's and the town started.
Mr. D. A. Batts informed us yesterday that ' "
about $25,000 had already been subscribed .
for building a cotton factory. - Raleigh
dot: I Yesterday White was seen on
the Btreet shaking hands.
I Weldon News: It becomes our . :
painful duty to chronicle the death of Ber
nard T. Simmons, which occurred at the "
residence of his brother-in-law, Capt. H.J.
Carraway, at Halifax, on Saturday last,
after an illness of some months of that ter- ' : ;
rible and fatal disease, consumption, in the
27th year of his age. Mr. Jeff Biggs,
son of our countyman, E. O. Biggs, of .
Spring Hill, died at Norfolk last week, and
was taken home for burial on Friday. .
On the night of the 16th inst, Mr. W. T. ,
Marrow, formerly of this place, was severe-'
ly wounded in Birmingham, Ala., where he ,
has been living for the past two years, and
where for some time past he has been on
the police force. The commencement : -exercises
of Littleton Female College will
take place on the 80th of May. Dr. B. F.
Nixon, of Oxford, will preach tbe annual
commencement sermon, and the literary .
address before the' Eunomian Society will
be delivered by George P. Hart, of Rocky
Mount On Friday last the locomo
tive and seven flats of the Coast Line local
freight tram ran into Rowanty creek on the
Petersburg road. The bridge was up for -repairs,
and the train being on the down ' -grade
could not be stopped in time to pre- .
vent the disaster. No one was hurt Engi
neer Jimmy O'Brien jumped from the cab ' (
as he saw the bridge giving away, and thu
saved his life probably.
Pittsboro Record: The TJnivei
sity of North Carolina has lust cause to be
proud of its two literary societies the Dia
lectio and the Philanthropic and the
friends of literary culture should be grati-" V ,
fled at the high standard now maintained ,
by those venerable societies, r A cor
respondent of the News- Observer says that "
petroleum has been discovered on tbe plan- ;
tation of Mr. W. D. Harrington, near Deep
River, in Moore county. . We hope this
may prove true. Mrs. Ann DaviB died,
at her residence in Camden, 8. 0., on the ''
17th inst, in the 81st year of her age. She
was the widow of the late Bishop Thomas
F. Davis, and a sister of Mr. James Moore , '
of this place, and was a refined, gentle and . '
cultured Christian, whose rare loveliness of
character had endeared her to all who knew -hen
Our former countyman, Mr. S.
8. Carter, who is now agent of the 0. C. B.
R. at Clarkton, has cause to be proud of a ' '
gold-headed cane recently presented to him.
At the breaking out of the war Mr. Carter .
was one of the first volunteers in Chatham . ,
and went off to the war as a member of Co.
G. 26 ih regiment, but afterwards joined a r
cavalry company. In a skirmish in the :
eastern part of this State he captured the
sword of a Federal captain, and about three
years ago he advertised for the ownerjn
some Northern papers, and sometime after- ;
wards a son of the Federal captain sent for .
the sword, and in appreciation of Mr. Car-, . "
ter's kindness presented him with a gold-'
headed cane. . - . . . ::, ;-
i-i Raleigh News-Observer : We , .
learn that Major John Gatling is lying"
critically ill at bis old home in Gates conn -ty.
CM. Busbee, Esq., went to Dur
ham yesterday, where he delivered the an '
nual address before the lodge of Odd Fel- :- :
lows of that city last evening Argu- ,V
ment in the case of Gray Washington vs. ' . "'
the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad was con-
tinued yesterday morning in Wake Supe- ; . ',
rior Comt and yesterday the jury brought ' ;
in a verdict of $1,500 damages in favor of .
the plaintiff. Mr.- J. L. Stone gave "
bond to-day for his appearance at the next .
civil term of Mecklenburg Superior Court .-
There was some delay in getting up the '
bond owing to the sickness, of Mr. Stone ,.
and of his father, who lives at Wake Forest ;. .
It was learned from parties here from
Louisburg yesterday that Mr.. A.W.Pearce, " .
clerk of Franklin court, who was recently -indicted
for embezzlement and whose trial - ;
came up this week at Louisburg, resigned "
his position as clerk of the court, where
upon the charges against him were with- '
drawn. Habbbllsvillb, N. C,
April 25. A terrible fire occurred in the ", -.
town of HarreUsvllle. in Hertford county,-
on Sunday last the 22nd inst The Are ;.:
broke out about one o'clock a m. Losses: . ".
Jj O. Askew, store and stock, $2,500. Tbe .
postoffice was kept in said store and was all
lost W. A. Hollomon, stock of merchan-
disc, $1,000; W. D. Scull's stock of mer-
chandise. $1,250; J. J. Scull's estate, store,
dwelling and all out-houses except gin
house, $5,000; C. L Sharp's estate, two
stores, $1,500; G. W- Baker, two stores, v; ,
$1,200: Williams Bros., one store (small),
$500; T. D. Gatling, stock of merchandise, .
$500; Baker & Cullens, btock of merchan- ';
diss, $1,500: E. D. Scull, two stores and
one stock of merchandiser $3,000. There -.
were only three stores left D. L. Jerni- '
gan's, one of Williams Bros', and of John .