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Entered at the Post OfBoe afWltmlnjctera, N. C.,
a seoond Class Matter. 1
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A DIT OF OKI ITS OE, THANKS-
GIVIKO AND PRAISE.
The Governor of North Carolina
has summoned the people of the
State to vas8emblt io tho various
Churches to join in a general thanks
giving to Almighty God for - Bis
manifold mercies and blessings.
There is something highly decorous
and becoming in a free people thus
meeting for worship. Why should
' not all persons -the whole people
meet annually on a stated day in the
sanctuaries of Jehovah to worship
the King of kings and the Lord of
lords, and to land and magnify His
great and. holy name for all of the
unnumbered blessings and benefac
tions which He has bestowed upon
them so graciously, so generously, so
mercifully ? Why should not all
hearts be grateful unto the Giver of
every good and every perfect gift for
all his continued benefits? There
are so many blessings that have been
vouchsafed unto the children of men
for which praise' and gratitude and
adoration and thanksgiving should
be rendered unto the Great and
We are all the creatures of the
Almighty. He made us and made
our eoula immortal. We should
thank Ilim for life and for the hope
of Heaven. We should thank Him
that there is a way of escape from
the penalties of sin and transgression
that Jesus Christ, the God Man of
the Holy Scriptures, the Incarnate
Son of God, is the Savior of all sin
ners who believe in Him, who trust
unfeignedly in Him for redemp
tion and pardon, for He is re
vealed unto us as the Way, the
Truth and the Life. We should
thank God for the Bible the Book
of books, for it is a lamp unto our
feet and a light onto our pathway.
We should thank Him for the
preached Word, for a faithful, earn
est, religious Ministry to proclaim
unto os the unsearchable riches and
the glorious Gospel of the Son of
We should be thankful for the
free institutions of a Republic that
uoder Heaven's favor has grown and
flourished most marvellously. We
should thank God in our very hearts
. for the rights and privileges and mu
niments of free men in, a free land.
We should be thankful for the cen
tury in which we live a century of
such unparalleled progress and im
provement, in which so many new
forces land activities "have been at J
work, and so many inventions and
discoveries have been made. No
other age' has shown such energy
and enterprise and ingenuity.
We should thank God for our vast
and splendid country, and especially
for the physical character of our
' dear Southland. Here we have in
deed a goodly heritage, a magnifi
cent domain admirably diversified,
with broad, fertile savannas, tower
ing mountains that look eternal and
whose summits receive the first kiss
of the rising: eun as be eilds the
Eastern boundaries of our mighty
Continent, and -more than eighty
rivers to fertilize the lands, some of
them majestic. Nature has done
grandly her part, and man has done
We should be profoundly glad
and grateful for the character of our
people. The people of the State and
of the South are mostly rural, with
the simple habits of life and prin-
r.inloa nf pAnnnnt. that, hn nnff t.n that.
- - - to
i class. Thev know but little of the
hideous, vices, and corruptions of
; the great cities, and are free from
the blasting isms of the more pros
perous and wealthy North. In no
land is the virtue of women held in
such high reverence; in no land are
they so respected, honored, protect
ed, and in no other country is the
marriage relation maintained in suoh
purity and sacredness. 4
We should be devoutly, pro
foundly thankful to our Heavenly
Father for our religious freedom. No
man . here is prevented by any
earthly, usurping power from espous
, ing any religious opinions ' he may
1 elect; nor is he restrained from their
free advocacy so long as he does not
become a propagandist of revolution
any or incendiary dogmas and prinr
oiples. It U simply impossible to
exaggerate this blessing ; and : priyi
.lege. : The right to' enjoy 'without
the slightest interference or molesta
tion our religious convictions ; is not
to be too highly estimated. It is
the greatest boon of Heaven next to
life and salvation, and is to be main
tained intact against all impertinent
dictation from within or without
at home or abroad. Whenever; re
ligion is controlled by legal enact
ments then there is inevitable decline
io its parity and power, and thus- it
beoomea assimilated in character "and
form to human governments.
- t.We ' should, be thankful to' God
that our Southern people understand
and love the true principles of a lie
publican form of government. They
know how much it Las cost already
on "this" continent to first gain and
then to preserve our liberty. Enow
ing these things our people are true
to constitutional liberty; love a Gov
ernment regulated by law a Gov
ernment of the -people, and by "the
people and - for : the people. They
who obeyed the voice of Liberty and
followed it with steady courage and
heroic souls and indomitable will and
burning enthusiasm amid fields of
Carnage and death, will be true to its
demands amid scenes of quietude and
peace. May God in his infinite power
and goodness preserve free institu
tions in the United States, and ever
cause the Southern people to be
faithful, to civil and soul liberty!
We should be thankful for peace.
As Herodotus, the oldeBt of unin
spired historians, Bays, no longer the
old, bury the young, but the young
bury the. old. The rude clash of
contending arms has yielded to the
dulcet piping notes of peace. Only
in the North is to be heard the hareh,
strident voices of a Sherman, a Hal
stead or some other wolfish and car
nivorous animal barking for blood.
It cost centuries of carnage to secure
the great guerdon of liberty. Let as
all strive to protect it always from
the strong hand of tyranny.
We should be very thankful for
health. The great scourge was kept
away from bur doors and from our
city. God saved as from the pesti
lence, the consuming visitations, the
tornado, the mob. Let as be pro
foundly thankful and bow our hearts
We should thank God f ?r friends,
for bread, raiment; for our homes,
our laws, our kindred, our good
neighbors. T he crops have been
sufficient. How easily could God
have filled the whole land with lean
ness and famine, so that strong men
should wax faint and our homes
should become only Bcenes of suffer
ing and misery and charnel houses
of mortality. But God has not
scourged U3 with sorrows. His mu
nificent and merciful hand has been
stretched out to feed us. He has
caused the fig tree to blossom, the
vines to bring forth their wonted
fruit, the labor of the olives to be
productive, the field to yield their
meat, the flocks to be increased and
heard to still stand in the 6talls.
Under a good harvest all things pros
per. Even the morals of the people
assume a higher and more hopeful
God is faithful and good and just
and merciful. Let ns give him praise
and thanksgiving. The lesson we
would impress on this day is that all
kmen owe God obedience, and that it
is their bounded duty to honor Him
and keep His commandment?,, and
render unto Him praise and thanks
giving. Enter His gates with thanksgiving
and into His courts with praise. Be
thankful unto Him and bless His
holy name. Psalm 106: i.
Now thanks be unto God, which
always causeth us to triumph in
Christ, and maketh manifest the
savor of His knowledge by us in
-every place. - Ephesians 5: 20.
GOSSIP AND QUOTATION.
u the Forum for December there
is a paper by Judge Tourgee enti
tled "The South as a field for fic
tion ." It is acute and sagaciou?, and
shows that the gifted carpet-bagger
bad his eyes open while living in
North Carolina for some dozen years.
We think he fails in exactly under
standing the Southern whites and
the negro, but he comes nearer than
other Northerners in discerning the
truth. He thinks the fiction of the
day, so far as this country Js - con
cerned, "is predominantly. Southern
in type and character." He thinks
that in the future the great works of
genius will be Southern, and will be
the offspring ; of the "children of
soldiers and of slaves." and that
these v will advanoe American litera
ture to the - very front rank of that
immortal ; procession whose . song is
the eternal refrain of remembered
agony, before the birth hour of the
twentieth century shall strike."
While not doubting that the South
may producejworks higher in literary,
art and nobler inspiration than any
yet given to tho world, we are not
expecting works of the noblest ge
nius, no creations that shall be im
mortal. We doubt ; very much if any
true ' ftrtistio production surcharged
ith genius,,: ever, comes from the
brain of an 4 African. - Judge Tonr
gee'a paper ia interesting, stimula
ting and admirably -written. There
are some fine passages, and some
sentences are well worth ; quoting..
Here are a few of his "ana':' ""The
downfall of empire 1 is , always the
epoch of romance." "The brave bat
unfortunate reap always the richest
measure of ? immortality." : "In all
history, no cause bad so many of the
elements of 'pathos.- as that- which
failed at Appomattoxl" Greatness
is rarely born where ' humanity
swaras."," 'Iao!ivtdBatJ power is the
product of a wide-horizon.' He- says:
"Inspiration visits meji' la soIUade, and
the Iufloite comes nearer aa the finite ye
cedes from the mortal Vision; only solitude
must not DC filled with self . No solitary
i-elf-imprisohed for bis own salvation, ever
nnx an immortal strtin; but he ihSl takettr
i be woes of a people into tho desert with
him sees God in the burning busbT." "Me
thod is but hatf of art ita 'meaner self "
"Scott's loving faith in a1 chivalry which
perhaps never existed, not only mode his
work imperishable, but Inspires with health
ful aspiration every reader of bis shining
pages " "Pathos lies at the bottom of all
enduring fiction. Agony is the key of im
mortality." :m m '
The negroes never learn by expe
rience. Although their , party has
been in power nearly ever since they
were voters, they think Harrison's
election means all sorts of foolishness
and absurdities. Some of the South
Carolina negro simpletons are spend
ing their cash - instead of paying
debts, rents, A special from
Columbia to the New York Times
"Colored farm tenants in various parts
of tho State have become imbued with the
idea that they will not be required to pay
their rents now that-Gen Harrison has
bsen elected President, and many of them
are squandering their hard-earned money
m the purchase of musical instruments and
other luxuries. Io Orangeburg county and
other sections some of the small colored
farmers are turning out their stock to graze
at large, as they think that President elect
Harrison will wipe the fence law out of ex
istence when he goes into office."
- Representative Oats, of Alabama
makes a suggestion that has often
been thought of and has been men
tioned in the Stab and : many other
papers. He advises disfranchising
the negro as the sure way of break
ing up the Solid South. He says it
would result beneficially to both
whites and blacks, and would surely
accomplish what the Republicans
seem to be aiming at. We have seen
long ago such suggestions in North
Harrison is modest if not great.
He once said in the Senate that he
knew but little of the Tariff. Here
is an eitracl from a speech in the
Senate which shows his estimate of
his own attainments:
"I am modest in discussing these const
tutional questions, because my practice ha
not been of that kind, and I have not been
brought often in contact with such ques
tions. I am not a constitutional lawyer."
There seems to be but little doubt
that tho Republicans will organize
the next House. Represent tlve
Breckinridge, of Ky.; gives it np.
Foreign Bxprw Iw levember.
The following is a statement of ex
ports from Wilmington to foreign
countries daring the month of No
vember, as taken from the records at
the Custom House :
Belgium Cotton, 1,475 bales, value
England Cotton,30,67S bales, value
$1,409,287; rosin, 14 929 barrels, value
$15,535; spirits turpentine, 9,932 gal lons,
value $4,432; crude turpentine,
102 bbls., value $500.
Argentine Republic Rosin, 50 bbls.,
value $103; lumber 493,000 feet value
$3,376; tobacco, 4,624 lbsvalue $971.
French West Indies Lumber, 248, -000
feet, value $4,199.
Scotland Rosin, 1,046 bbls., value
$1,046; spirits turpentine, 74 132 gal
lons, value $32,092.
Hayti Lumber, 875,000 feet, value
. British West Indies Lumber, 71,
000 feet, value $1,028; shingles, 200,
000, value, $719; floor, 55 bbls., value
$296; grits, 7 bbls., value $26; window
glass, value $10; bacon, value $43;
other merchandise, value $66. ,.
! Total value of exports foreign $1,-
Acme nanafaetanne Co.'
The work of erecting new buildings
at Cronly f or the Acme Manufactur
ing Company will begin in a day or
two. Anew site has been selected
for the fibre factory, destroyed by
fire a short time since. It is under
stood that the works will be con
siderably enlarged, and new and im
proved, machinery put in for the
manufacture of bagging, etc.
Naval Mores. '
- Receipts of naval stores at this port
from April 1st to December 1st, as
compared with receipts for the same
months last year are bulletined at the
Produce Exchange as follows : Spirits
turpentine, 5i,161 casks; last year
56,369. Rosin, 141,424 bbls. ; last year
217,569. Tar, 32,994 , bbls. ; last year,
83696. Crude turpentine, 16,061bbls.;
last year, 18,814.
. The cotton movement at this port
shows receipts of 41,201 bales daring
the month of November, against 44,679
bales received the same month last
year. Receipts for the crop year to
December 1st are 97,969 bales, against
124,180 bales to the same date last
year, a decrease of 26,211 bales. The
stock at this port Is 19,777 bales. .
Deatl) of Jade Setd.
A special dispatch to the . Stab
from Greensboro, says: Judge Thos.
Settle fell dead in Judge Dick's room
in the " .Government building to-day
shortly after noon, , His death result
ed from neuralgia of the heart.
WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7,
A NoiaDi Deain Jsbn Potta Brown
. Jolna tna Silent majority. - . i
John Potts' Brown died early yes
terday morning at his home, 3153
Colfax Avenue. He had been ill for
about -a. seven months, and finally
passed away from pure exhaustion of
the vital forces.-He was nearly eighty
years Of age. Pew of the present gen
eration were familiar with the silver-,
haired? old gentleman, who was fre
quently seen on the motor line, un
less it was to note the: courtly grace
that is characteristic of an age gone
by, but he will be well-remembered by
ail of the older citizens as one of the
ftioneers of Minneapolis. In ante-bel-nm
times he was a merchant of New
York, and a man of wealth. He was
a North-Carolinian,-and when the
war began his sympathy with the
-Confederate - cause made him quite
Brominent south of the Mason and
ixon line. He was an intimate friend
of Jefferson Davis and, even in latter
years ; maintained a correspondence
with him. Mr. Brown was an unu
sually brilliant man and a writer of
great talent. - Upon the foundation,
of a wide course of reading he had
built-up a knowledge of yia. .wortK
and of men that made him a profound
thinker, brilliant writer and enter
taiuing conversationalist. His man
ners were those of the typical South
ern gentleman of the old school, and
only the fortunes of war prevented
him from becoming one of the distin
guished men of the country.
is with great regret that we copy
the above from the Minneapolis Qlobe
of the 22nd inst. Mr. Brown was the
eldest son , of the late Robert W
Brown, who was one of our most
prominent, and successful merchants
hi ante-bellum days, and was a native
of this city. He received a collegiate
education and shortly after gradua
ting entered into business with his
faher, under the firm name of R. W.
Brown & Son, which continued for a
few years, when he formed a connec
tion with Dr. A. J. DeRosset, of this
city also, and established the well re
membered house of Brown & DeRos
set; a house distinguished for integ
rity and lofty bus! ess principles. In
1847 he removed to New York and es
tablished a branch of the house in
that city, which he conducted suc
cessfully for many years, when he re
moved to Minneapolis. The announce
ment of his death will sadden many
of his old friends in this his
native town, who remember most
kindly the courtesy of his manners.his
chivalrio bearing and the gentle
manly instincts that were so charac
teristic of him in his intercourse with
the world. ; Though a citizen of New
York before and during the war, his
sympathies were strongly enlisted in
favor of the South, and he gave largely
of his time, his talents and his means
to advance the cause of those : among
whom he was born and whom he held
so near to his heart. He was a true
man and a worthy representative of
a race that is rapidly passing away.
B.1VKH AND llARINE. -
Tbe miasms iachtsnlp Fonnd Re
ports of Terrible Weatb.r Expe
rt. need by Incoming; Veaseis Tbe
Clyde Steamer Gnir Stream In Ibe
The Danish' barque Rtalto and
the German barque Trabant arrived
in below yesterday afternoon.
The Alexander Jones, one of the
Messrs. Harper's tugs, is being thor
oughly repaired and fitted with a new
Steel boiler and other machinery.
A telegram from Beaufort, N. C,
reports the arrival there last Monday
of the little boat Liberdad, after a
perilous and eventful voyage. The
Lfberdad,it willibe remembered, was
at this port for several days. The
telegram says Capt. Slocum and fam
ily are in gooi health.
The lightship which went adrift
from Frying Pan Shoals in the recent
gale was found by the government
buoy tender Wisteria and taken into
Charleston, S. C. The Wisteria fell in
with the drifting vessel about fifty
miles southwest of Frying Pan shoals.
She had sustained no injury, and all
on board were well.
A number of vessels arrived at
Southport yesterday and the day be
fore. Nearly all of them had sus
tained more or le:S damage in the re
cent severe gale. The Biitish brig
Olenarchy had her topmasts and part
of her sails carried away The Amer
ican schooner Harry White lost her
fore topmast, . and the American
schooner H. C. Beecher and German
brig Clara had sails blown away. Tbe
Beecher is also leaking. She is from
Brunswick,, Ga., bound to New Ha
ven, Conn, j .
The Clyde steamer Qulf Stream,
Capt. Tribou, arrived at Charleston,
S. C, on Thanksgiving day. The
Gulf Stream left New York on the
23rd tilt., and was driven 300 miles
southeast of Charleston. The gale
struck the Gulf Stream on Saturday
night at 12 o'cloc- off the Jersey coast
and continued in all its fury until the
break of day Monday morning, not
entirely abating until Tuesday. Sun-.
day morning at 3 o'clock the vessel
parted her steering gear and was at
the mercy of : the - storm. ' Tbe doors
of the cabin and i, other apartments
on deck were battered in and the wa
tor poured into the hold. iDoors and
barricades ; were improvised, but the
flood could not be checked. A sail
hoisted to bring , the vessel to was
torn to shreds. Matters began to look
serious. The after-hatch was - burst
open and death stared every man in
the face on deck. The rodder chain
had to ; be repaired and the rudder
managed from the deck. The water
poured through the doors and hatch
way into i the- hold, choking the
pumps ' with coal by washing the
slack coal into the bilges. For forty
hours all hands balled water. - There
was four feet of water in the hold and
the only means of getting it out was
by hoisting it in backets through the
after hatch. : The ' only thincr that
saved the vessel was the liberal use
of oil. For twenty hours oil was
'poured on the waters through the
pipeslalong the sides of the vessel.
Had the storm continued a few hours
longer the Gulf Stream would cer
tainly have - gone down with all on
Frying nan Lightship
Lieut Commander Hitchcock, flight
house inspector for this district, in a
letter to Capt. C. H. Robinson, col
lector of the port, dated Southport,
Nov. 27tb, says; that he will leave
there this morning, with the Wisteria
to go in search of the lightship which
went adrift ' from the Frying-pan
shoals station in the late gale, and if
he succeeds . in his search will take
her to Charleston, where she will be
retained as a relief ship, as the ves
sel now on the shoals is the
one intended originally for that sta
tion. He says that the gale in which
the lightship went adrift was a severe
blow, as is shown bylthewatch-buoy
which he?found had been dragged a
quarter of a mile seaward, and that
the Western Slue buoy was gone. The
latter has been replaced with a new
buoy and the watch-buoy returned to
its plaerbx - .
The missing lightship is a staunch,
well-ballasted vessel, manned by a
crew of eight men. under tbe com
mand of capt. Swann. She has
before this gone adrift in severe gales,
and on one occasion reached -the Ber
mudas before she was heard from.
No fears, whatever, are entertained
for the safety of the vessel or crew, as
she was seen" and signalled "all
right" to the Fanita, when the gale
had expended its force, and has about
a month's supply of provisions on
board. . ; ' '
WHm ngton the Beat Port.
Vessels drawing nineteen feet can
go from Wilmington to the sea on
one tide, but at Charleston, it ap
pears from the following, taken from
the Charleston World of the 26th,
that eighteen feet is the best there:
Two Ge man steamships have been
lying outside the bar for the past
wees waiting for a smootn sea to dis
charge a part of their cargo on
lighters. They are; loaded with
kainit, one drawing 21 feet and the
other 23. They will have to lighten
to 18 feet draft to get over the bar.
The work of lightening tbe vessels
was begun by the lighters this morn
ing and three or four days will be
consumed in taking away the requir
ed amount of the cargoes to enable
the steamers to enter port.
Foreign Bxporta Xeeterday.
Messrs. Alex. Sprout & Son cleared
the British steamship Thalia for
Fleetwood, England, with 5,192 bales
cotton, weighing 2,558,929 pounds and
valued at $236,700.
Mr. Edward Kidder's Son cleared
the schooner Susie P. Oliver for Fort
de France. Martinique with 247,775
feet lumber, valued at $4,199.
Foreign Ex porta.
Messrs. Williams & Murchison
cleared the German barque Marianne
Bertha for Gaston Dock, Eng., with
3,765 barrels of rosin, valued at $3,
386.84. SISSflrAlexl 'SprunnrSbn cK&red
the British steamship Glenmore, for
Liverpool, with 5,450 bales of cotton,
weighing 2,654.298 pounds and valued
at $248,900. :
Froeeedlnga in Bankruptcy.
Amotion made to vacate certain
attachments issued upon the proper
ty of ir. W. H. Styron, was argued
yesterday before S. VanAmringev
Esq., Clerk of the Superior Court, by
Messrs. Chas. M. fctedman and John
D. Bellamy for plaintiffs, and Mr
Thomas W. Strange for defendants.
Decision in the case was reserved.
Wilmington Cotton market
The Clinton Caucasian says:
Who said that Norfolk was the
best Cotton market in the United
Statesr If that has been so, it is now
a thing of the past, for Clinton has
beat Norfolk, and therefore Clinton
and Wilmington tfor we ship to Wil
mington) are trie Dest cotton marseis
between tbe oceans. Now listen to
this: Mr. Trollinger, of Norfolk, was
in town last Saturday to receive
guano cotton. What did he do with
tbe cotton? tsnip it to JNorroiKi not a
bit of it. He sold it right here for 9
cents, and then asked our buyers how
they could afford to pay that price.
It is true Norfolk is paying a little
more, but the freight from here there
makes more than the difference. Cot
ton sellers, what do you thins oi
Treasury Disbursements luter-siate
Commerce Decision '
Washington. November 30 Assistant
Iodiau comoiissioner U pshaw has resigned.
Tee Treasury disbursements nave been
unusually large during the month of No
vember, pension payments alone amount
ing to $22 000,600 In consequence of this
it is estimated at tbe Department this after
noon that the Dublic debt statement to be
issued to-morrow will show an apparent in
ctease of $11 600.000 in-the debt since No
vember 1st, instead pi tne usual mommy
reduction. There is,' of course, no actual
increase ia the debt itself, but merely a re
duction in cash in the Treasury available
for the payment of the debt
Tbe Inter-State Commerce Commission,
in the case of tbe New Orleaos Cotton
Exchange against the Cincinnati, New Or
leans & Texas Railway Company and
others, holds as follows:
1. To correctly estimate the causes influ
encing tbe movement of cotton and the
f alii hp off in nrnrvirtion of thecroD received
at New Orleans in recent yjears,4haitTed a point
hoes oi transportatioiwo&5rructed. the lm-provei-metuods
and new conditions must
be ttken into account. .
2 Whether railroad companies combine
or act separately in . making rates and
charges ia not so Important. . The essential
requirement is, that however made they
should be reasonable of themselves, and so
fairly adjusted as to be reasonable in their
relations to each ether and in their results
$ That under like conditions freight can
be carried proportionately lower for long
than for short - distances, is as nearly set-;
tied as anything relating to railroad
charges can be Equal mileage rates, would
often prevent legitimate competition and
give monopoly in transportation to the
best and shortest road
4. Reasonableness of rates cannot be fair
ly determined in proceedings to which
some of the' parties responsible . for such
rates are not oarties. v ! ;
5. Commerce between points in the
same State, but which in being carried
f .om one place to another passes through
another State is inter-state commerce, and
subject to regulation by provisions of
the act to regulate commerce.
6. In determining what are reasonable
rates, the fact that tbe road earns little
more than ooerating exoenses is not to be
overlooked, but it cannot be made to justi
fy grossly excessive rates. Whenever
there arrmore roads than business at - fair
rates will remumerate, they must rely upon
future earning for their return of , invest
ments and nrofita. w
7. To be reasonable, the i rate from Me
ridian to New Orleans should not exceed
$1.50 per bale for compressed cotton.
WA SHtTH GTON.
Advieta from Uaytl-Preparations Tor
Harrison's Inaugural Congressman
. Rlatsoat and tbe G. A. K. , r ;. .
"Washington, Nov: 28 The : Secretary
of State has received a 'elegnm from Gape
Haytien, stating that id spite of the block
ade declared by th& provisional govern
ment at Port-au-Prince ggaicst that port,
several ships - have entered, among others
the German s earner Htlsatia, on the 22nd
instant, loaded with 10 000 bars of coffee,
and the German steamer Cren more, which
entered on . the ; 27ib aod landed a cargo
from Europe. ,- - i
. Washington. Nov. 28 indications at
present are that the coming inaugural pro
cession will exceed ia numbers and display
anything of the kind ever .witnessed here.
Gen . Axliae, Adjutant General of the Ohio
Nationnl Gnard; CjU G-sdaey aod other
officers of the Ohio militia, are in the city
loot ion for quarters for t&eir troops, i The
Ohio National Quaid bas never been repre
sented heretofore at any istttigufation, but
it is proposed to feud a brigade of 2,500
men. composed of every arm of the ser
vice to Mr Qarriaou's inauguration. Gen.
D, M. Hasting. Adjutant General, and
Gen J P. 8 Gobln, of ibe Third Regi
ment Pennsylvania National Guaid. who
are in the city, said to-day that in addition
to tbe large number of infantry tent here
from ' PennsylvaDia four years ago; the
Stats' would this yeat be represented by a
number of mounted men and artillery. It
is expected that a 'arge number of Indiana
troops will come on, including Gen. Har
rison's old regiment, which, it is said, will
act as escort to the President : '.
Referring to tbe published statement that
Congressman Matsbn is believed to be at
the bead of the movement to organiia a
Democratic G. A, R . that gentleman says
he koows nothing of it, except what he
has read in the papers, and consequently is
not at tbe head or at any other part of tbe
affair. The other statement in tbe dispatch,
(hat his friends expect him to follow Gen.
Palmer's course, and withdraw from the
G. A. R., he says, is also without founda
tion. He never was a member of the or
ganization, and therefore cannot withdraw,
Duriog the campaign regiments of veterans
were formed in every county in Indiana,
and it is probable that these organizations
form the basis of tbe new movement in that
State, bnt of this he cannot speak by aa
Secretary TVbltney'a Annnai ICcport.
Washington. November 30. Secretary
Whitney has presented his annual report to
the President. After giving a brief review
of tbe condition of the Navy as it Will ex
ist on tho fourth day of Match, 1889, in
comparison with the same aa it existed on
tbe fourth day of March, 1885, and fur
nishing a list of armored vessels heretofore
authorized by Congress, the Secretary says;
Bo far as armored amps are concerned.
the sutject is yet to be treated in a broad
way by the Department and by Congress.
At the present time the conditions are such
that everything necessary to a first class
fighting ship can be produced and furnish
ed to tbe Department in this country as
soon as in course of construction any ele
mentor feature is required; but this has
never until the present time been true, and
therefore consideration of the subject
has been necessarily postponed by the De
partment until the present time. Efforts
of the Department in ship construction
have necessarily since March, 1885, been
devoted to unarmored vessels, and as to
these the Department ia able to report that
when ships in the course of construction
and those authorized, shall have been com
pleted, tbe United States will rank second
among the nations in the possession of
unarmored cruisers, or -'commerce de-
tk. viz: of a size 8.000 tonsand upward.
and possessing a speed of 19 knots per hour
and upward. I
The importance which has been placed
upon this branch of naval armament will
be appreciated from the statement that
England and France possess sixty-five ves
sels of the class known as unarmored crui
sers. The attention of tbe world was at
tracted to the destructive effect which was
produced upon the commerce of tbe United
States by cruisers fitted out under tbV aus
spices of tbe Confederacy in the war of the
Rebellion. Tbe total tonnage of registered
vessels of the United States had risen year
by year until in 1861 it amounted to 2,642,
628 tons, and between 1861 and 1866 it was
reduced to 1.491.926 tone, or in other words.
to the point which we had reached in 1849,
from which decline we have never recov
ered. The insurance war risks upon Amer
ican vessels during the war rose in excep
tional cases to as high as 25 per cent.
Sir Charles Wilson, Director General of
the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain, re
cently stated that "if there is one point
clearer than another in tbe history of com
merce, it is this, that wbenta State cannot
effectually protect its carrying trade in time
of war that trade passes from it and does
not return " !
Lord Charles Beresford, lately a member
of the Board of Admiralty, in the same
connection, stated: "To-day one-half of
the people in England would absolutely
have no bread to eat but for rood that
comes in over tbe sea. It is a matter of
life aod death for you to protect commerce
and you have not ships to do it with."
We cannot at present protect our coast,
but we can return blow for blow, for we
shall soon be in condition to launch a fleet
of large and fast cruisers against the com
merce of any enemy able to inflict most se
rious and lasting injury thereon.
With regard to the productton of power
by machinery the report says: ."An ex
amination of the state of the act in 1885.1ed
to the conclusion that the machinery of
naval vessels ought to be so designed as to
produce ten-horse power for each ton of
machinery, and it was determined to make
that tbe standard, and to enter into no con
tracts that were not based substantially
thereon. Plans of machinery were pur
chased abroad, which upon trial has ap
proximated that result Bidders were au
thorized to bid upon plans thus submitted
to competition, or were permitted to sub
mit tbeir own plans, but were obliged to
guarantee results determined upon by the
department under severe penalties for fail
ure, and with compensating premiums in
case of attaining better results. It results
that all contracts for the construction of
ships which have been entered into since
March, 1885. call" for the production of
power by machinery equal to the highest
standard. The effects of the department in.
this matter have beencojdMlySonded
by bureau cJVfeTHTand it is believed that at
tile-present time the department has reach-
wnere enure reliance can ce
placed upon it for the production of war
vessels equal in character to those of any
other country. It is gratifying to be able
to report that as will be seen from the fol
lowing table, notwithstanding larger ex
penditures for the new navy in the last
three years, a reduction in other directions
has made the total expenditures of the de-t
partment lees for these years than, for the
three years ending June 80tn, 1884: tne or
dinary expenses of the department having
been reduced over 20 per cent The year
1884-'5, was omitted from the table as not
having been wholly in either administra
tton. The total expenditures of tbe de
partment for the three years ended June
80th, 1884, compared with the three years
ended Jnne 80, 1888. the items being taken
from reports of the Fourth Auditor of the
Treasury and distributed under various ob
jects oi expenditures. - I
fHere follows the table mentioned above,
showing that expenditures for the
vears ending June 80. 1882-'83 and '84.
were $47,979 897, and for tbe years ending
June 80. 1883 "87 and 88 S40 8S0 630 .
Under the bead of coast and harbor de
fence the Secretary states that "in the last
annual report of the department considers
tiona were given leading to the conclusion
that it would be unwise for the depart'
ment to follow the course of European
powers in building unprotected torpedo
boats, and in the present uncertainty re
garding the practicability of submarine
boats, and while waiting practical trial of
dynamite gun-boats, it has been deemed
wise for the department to build one light
draught, heavily armored harbor defence
floating battery, or ram, for which designs
have been prepared by the Bureau of Con
struction ana oteam jsngtceering ia con
sultation with Hhlef nf Ihn H.i.r,. ..
Ordnance. Advertisements for this vessel
call for submission of bids in tbe month of
February next .
- Business methods nf ihn rivnnrtmant
discussed at some length and a historv
Siven Of the efforts hnino- maris tn atmnlirv
systematize and improve them -'
Great Activity tm Industrial Develop
ment Tbe Augaata exposition . -
BAimifoltlE. Nnnmhar OA Tho
1 v.v.wwwa AMW OfcTVIlM
reports to the Manufacturer's Record of
activitv in the indusirinl in
South, will show that this week bas been a
ery ousy one. Among tne new enter
prises is a five million dollar company.com-
DOBed of New T5nolnrl rnnitnliom r.rt..-n.
ized at Fort Payne. Ala ' to deveinn
mineral land, build furnaces, rolling mill,
fcc.: Knoxville, a $i00. 000 State Quarry
ing Company, and a $803,000 Improve-
ment Company to build street , railroads,
&c.; Ocala Fla a $500,000 General Im
Drovement Comnaftv? Rltimnrn a nnn -
000 Agricultural Imotement ' Comnanvi
I Paso, a $250,000 Irrigation Comiauy.
six hundred thousand dnlUr
will bniid a manufacturing town near
Aithe villa Ttf f- nnttnn mill-
ed at Gaffrey City and Winnsboro, 8. C,
auu umiriuwo, u ; sua at olacoD, Ua.
1W.WU spindle mill will be bniit at
Augusta. Ga.. November as .Tnhn ft
Ionian, of New York. PmuiHont rt t Ha
Richmond Terminal H R chn th
several of his directors has Inst visited the
a . a, " H.T -n .
Augusts national .exposition, aulborized
the sending of the following communlca-
.1 l a . . ,
uuu iu iuo Associated tress: -
"The Augusta National Exposition has
imptessed us by its scone, comnletenesa
and great practical value to all industrial
ana commercial interests. It is a grand
combination of textile industries of the
Noith and South, first in the latest
forms of fine machinery in oneration.
second, in exhibits of fabrics from South
ern mills. Next to these leading features
are many exhibits illustrative of develop
ments made within eight years in all tbe
region east of the Mississippi and south of
thfl Ohlft nnrl Pntntni. Thoea ahnm b.M.u
thing of the vast natural resources of the
rektiuuD ium uoio ucoo upeueu io cipiiai
and diversified indnntrv hv
sinCS 1881. and also of immennA ir rrennn in
manufactures in the same regions during
mat time . Liarge exnioila of raw materials
from unimproved places, testifying to the
undevelootd wealth nf Ihn ftnnlh
opportunities that are open to capitalists.
isispiajB or agricultural ana norticuitural
DToduCta Drove that the Rnilth ran nrnrtuca
all its own feed supplies and have a great
surplus ror shipment to lees favored sec
tions. All in all, this Exposition is an
object-lesson of inestimable value Io intelli
gent men. It is also full of - suggestions to
farmers, manufacturers and artisans and to
all who are seeking to better their fortunes.
For thpan rennonn thn nnHnraiotnoH mnat
heartily commend it to public attention, and
urge all whom they can Influence to visit it
before it shall close on the 15th of next
month. John H. Ixnmah.
PrefiidRftt Tmnpr J. Rpprfcmna nf thn
American Pomological 8ociety, who is a
large exhibitor at the Exposition, issues
the following, dated Augusta, Ga Nov.
"To the Pomohgiatsofihe United States:
The National Agricultural Congress will
convene at Augusta, Ga , under the aus
Dices of the Aueusta National Eznoattion.
on December 10th. Hon. Norman J. Cole"
man, U 8. Commissioner of Agriculture,
and other eminent leaders, will be present,.
It is hoped that a large number of members
xnrvaxj- amuuosu x uuiuiugiuan uuiiiety, BB
well as of all engaged in allied pursuits,
will attend. P. J. Bbxckmatjs.
"Prea't Am Pom. Bociety."
Tbe Oyster Wars Waged jr tba State
Autborltlea Certlfleatea leaned to
Congressmen Elect-Pardone Isaned
by (be Governor.
Annapolis Md , Nov. 28. Col. Victor
Baughman, Sta'e Comptroller, and one of
the State Fishery Board, had been aboard
the State steamer McLane making a secret
official investigation of the Chesapeake Bay
oyster troubles. His report submitted to
tbe Board to-day, states that the State
force, though willing to carry out the
laws, waa without proper equipment; that
the officers complain that when violators of
the oyster laws are brought before justices
of the peace or are arraigned ia court, de
lays are interposed and technical defences
allowed that result in the acquittal of
the accused. This tends to demoralize the
force. The Board determined that every
effort should be made to bring tbe offen-i
ders to punishment and to uphold the dig
nlty of the State, seajed orders were sent
to deputy commanders of the force. It was
resolved to equip every vessel with cannon,
as well aa other weapons, and to secure the
use of these the Governor and Comptrol
ler, as directed, went to Washington.
Annapolis, Nov. 28 The Governor
esued certificates of election as Congress1"
men from Maryland to-day to Charles Q.
Gibson, Herman E Stump, llarry Rusk,
Henry Stockbridge, Jr.. Barnes Campton
and Louis E McComas four Democrats
and two Republicans.
Baltimobe, Nov. 28. Gov. Jackson to
day pardoned Hezekiah S. Best, Martin J.
Clark and John W. McMahon, who are
serving a term in the Baltimore City jail
for fraud at the election of 1886 - Gov.
Jackson, referring to the petitions for the
pardon of these election judges and clerks.
said: Petitions which have been laid before
me contain tbe names of every member of
the Legislature, nearly every leading busi
ness house In Baltimore, and thousands of
other private citizens. Against their par
don there has been but one formal protest,
that of the Reform League. I am satisfied
that the people believe mcrey ought to be
extended to these men. The punishment
already endured has been sufficient to serve
the ends of justice. The families of some
of them have been reduced to a suffering
condition since the imprisonment of hus
bands and fathers. - la view of these cir
cumstance?, I determined to issue the par
dons. v. -:. ..':..! '
JUTE BAGGING TRUST,
Tbe "Combine" Reported to be Going
By Telegraph to the Morning Star,
Chicago, Nov. 29. A special from St
Louis says the Jute Bagging Trust is re
ported to be going to pieces. The sales of
bagging by the combination have been far
below tbe usual fall average, in addition
to the shrinkage in sales, another obstacle
now conf ronts the .Bagging Trust. . -which
causes no small uneasiness in its ranks.
There are in all twenty-four bagging fac
tories in the United States, and of these
sixteen are shut down, having been leased
by the "'combine" and closed. The nrst
day of January these leases expire, and the
sixteen factories are ready to start up again
unless once more leased by- IheTrust: and
allowed to remain idle, j So far- there 'has
been no arrangement made towards leasing
by the bagging "combiner," and it is pro
bable that several factories will start np af
ter the opening of the new year, which is
calculated to interfere considerably with
the plans of the combine, and. naturally
cause a serious decline in tbe price of bag
ging. -: J.--; . ; :
.' NORTH CAROLINA.
Tne State Board. - of Canvaasers at
: - Worst. ;
By Telegraph to the Xorsmg Star. -
Ralbigh. Nov. 80 The Canvassing
Board to day completed ' the count of the
vote for Judges and for the Constitutional
Amendment increasing tne number oi du
Dreme Court Judges to five The Demo
cratic majorities run from 15,900 to 17.843.
ThetAmendment is carried by a majority
Of 92,568. The count oi the vote for State
officers and members ot Congress Will be
resumed to-morrow. :
SanfoVd J&Dress: Mr. Duncan
elver, of Sanford tovrnihln. ihnwi m .
ricEiacebf silver ore weishins at vers 1 .
ounces, which he found on his plantation
tome days ago He says he has a genuine
mine of this metal.
Sanford Express : Last "week
I noted a murder, an atlemot to enmmit
rape and aa attempt to commit homicide.
an or wmcn occurred in one week in the .
county, and all the perpetrators have avoid-
ed the clutches of tba law so far.
Durham Pldnti -Mr. Jirim VV
Wilson, who was r.hipf oneinvor m tho ,
vey of the Western N 0. railroad, bas jut -
been annnjnhut hv tli C.wi.Ai.
ment to inspect tbe Canadian Pacific Rail-
ui iruiu vmvi iu toe jrarinc uceau. '
We believe Mr. Wilann ia a n.tl.a nf
- - tm vi
Orange county. .
Henderson Ifeus: L. Edward,
merchant nf Qnlrlahnm ua. .
branch Store hern in fh anrlan .1
Liabilities estimated between $30.0(0 and
f40,000. The liabilities of Mr, T, D.
Wataon. arrocer. nha failed
terday, are $1,300. J. R. Ferrell & C V are
New Bern Journal.' Nid U-m
is the best winter retort in thn Mi.uk
Those who may not be able to get h. ro in
time to secure homes will find Wilniiotoo,
Charlotte. Aflheville and a ilcMt. .
towns pleasant places to stop at. Any part
ot norm uaronna is hotter than an here
else. This is mouest but true.
Asheville Citizen: North dim.
linians took thirteen prizss on fine tobacco
at the Danville Exposition. The Danville
Reaitter exnresaea it "North Hamlin t.,ir
the cake." The premiums taken bv Norih
Carolina amounted to $1,150, and the
hiffheat nrnminma wr t.k.n Kb tWo .
ducts of Madison and Buncombe.
Wilson Advance: Wn oca from
the Tarboro S.uthernor that it only costs
60 cents to send a bale of nnttnn r rnm Tar-
Don) tO Norfolk over the Atlantic Coatt
Line. The rate from Wilson and there ia
not five milea rilffarsnra tn thn Hioiimu i.
$1- 60 only a difference of 90 cents in tbe
bale. The reason tbe rates are so low at
Tarboro is because a narrow gauge railroad
haa been ROnntnirted from Tarhnrn tn TT.m.
ilton, and there connects with a line of
Oxford News: We share, the
sorrow of the entire community in the
death of Miss Nannie Hobgood. daughter
of Mr. A. Hobgood, who departed this life
at an early hour Tuesday morning, the 2Tth
inst. There was a serious accident on
the O. & C. R R. last week. A negro
woman and child were on a trestle, cross
ing, when the 'freight train came along,
and were paralyzed with fear and didn't
try to get out of the way. They wero hor- .
ribly mangled and died from their injuries.
The accident occurred about three miles
Charlotte Democrat: A note
from Rev. E. A. Osborne, Superintendent
of the Thompson Orphanage, says: "We
have thirty-one homeless children, and
having no endowment. I find much diffi
culty in supporting them. We need funds
lor daily bread as well as for completing
our buildings. Our Orphanage is for tho
homeless chlldron of North Carolina."
Last Wednesday night about 6 o'clock a
little son of Rev. J.T. Bagwell, in company
with several children, Btruck a railroad tor
pedo with a rock, which exploded and
badly injured the boy, a piece of the torpe
do entering his side.
Charlotte Chronicle: R. P.
isicKsaiea on weanesaay nignt at naomi
Falls, '! Randolph county. He had only
been sick a week. Mr. Dicks was a large
stockholder in the Naomi Falls Factory,
and President of the Plaid Association. He
was comparatively a young man, and waa
highly respected wherever known. .
Capt. E. Wt Ward, of Lincolnton. assigned
yesterday. The assets, it is said will more
jfran cover all liabilities. The assignment
was forced by importunate creditors at an
unexpected and unprepared for time. Mr.
Roseborough is the assignee. John
Wilson the negro who presented the bill for
$79 to Gordon for services during the cam-
Saign, and which was published in yester
ay's Chronicle, had a hard time yesterday.
The negroes beset him on all - sides. Wil-
naayaJia waajtary nearly having a halt .
dozen ngnts in sen-defence. He was be
rated all day for giving away the secrets of
the Radical party, Wherever he turned
he met personal abuse.
North Carolina Presbyterian:
On Sunday, Nov. 18th, there was received
into the Alamance church twelve persons
on the profession of faith. The Rev.
Roger Martin was installed pastor of the
Providence church in Mecklenburg Pres
bytery, on Sunday, Nov. 8rd. Rev,
Alex.- Sprunt writes from Henderson. No
vember 24th: On Sabbath the 18th, inst.,
we held our fall communion and were
cheered In the reception of eight new mem
bers. A commission of five appointed
by Orange Presbytery, was to organizes
new church in Guilford county on tbe 20th.
This church, "Midway" by name, lies im
mediately hetween Buffalo and Bethel.
We just closed a very interesting
meeting at Keith church, on yesterday. Bro.
Stanford preached for ns a few days.
The church is revived, andjeight souls were
added to the church. Others were inter
ested and we hope will soon unite with uc
To God. be all tbe praise. K. McDonald,
Magnolia, Nov. 19th.
Tarboro Southerner: A force
of several hundred men with eighty carts
are grading the Chowan & Southern rail
road this side of the Roanoke river. Tbe
nearest squad is about five miles from this
place. A colored boy about nine
years old was killed on the farm of W. A.
Haislin. bv the falllns? of a tree. - He waa
cutting it down, and aa it began falling
he ran off , just far enough to get caught
under it. It broke his skull and one leg.
The peaceful passing away Sunday
after a well rounded life of Matthew Wed- .
dell, was the obliterating of one of the old
landmarks, so to speak, of Tarboro. For
more than forty years Mr. Weddell has
been a well known, respected and esteemed
citizen of Tarboro, where he held many
positions of trust and confidence without
a breach of the one or a trace of bad faith
in the other. Matthew Weddell was born
August 23d, 1818, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Sneak thieves are putting in some
lively work in this vicinity. EL K. Nash
and F. 8. Wilkinson have lost bogs. Whit
McNalr saved his by going to his door in
time to scare the would be thieves off.
Lumberton Robesonian: We
are requested to give notice that Rev P. R.
Law, of this town, will preach at Phila
delphus church on the second Sabbath in,
December, and we commend him as an
able preacher and a most worthy exempla
ry christian gentleman. 1,820 Alli
ances in tbe State Nov. 20, 1888.
Maxton dots: Maxton is increasing in pop
ulation and buildings. The tempera
ture took another f auMnijavmorning to
.84 4egiteBTezeror ayetteralf----jottings:
Droves of fine mountain beef are
constantly being brought to this market.
They are brourat down on the Cape Fear
and Yadkin Valley Railway. Forty
miles pf the Wilmington extension has been
graded. This is about half the distance.
It is expected that the whole will be com
pleted in another year. The work of build-"
ing tbe bridge across the Cape Fear, can
not commence until the plans and specifi
cations have been approved by the govern
ment. The bridge across the river and the
creek adjoining will cost about $100,000.
Raleigh News Observer ; Jt is
reported that a negro died from fright on '
the train the other day. He was going
from Belma to Clayton and was riding on
the train for the first time in his life.
When he started he was perfectly well an 3
before he arrived at Clayton he was dead.
It is stated that he was scared to death.
Bishop J. C. Granbery preached two
sermons In this city Sunday, at Edentou
street M. E. church at 7.80 p. m. Both :
sermons were listened to by large congre
gations and both were deep, powerful,
learned land edifying. Bishop Granbery
is a broad and deep thinker and a dear and
eloquent expounder. Statesville, Nov. -
24 During the sitting of the grand jury
at the recent term of the Superior Court J.
B. Connelley, late clerk of the court, was
rented for embezzlement and forgery.
P. Caldwell, the well known editor,
who hews to the line, was accosted by two
brothers of J. B. Connelly for the publi
cation of the same, and a fight ensued.
There were two to one on the editor, but
Joe is a good one and got in his work -like
a little man, flooring one of bis as
sailants, and was about to work the John
Bullivan racket on the other when the
crowd parted them. A little blood was
shed on both sides.