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FEDERAL SCHOOL. TFACRTNG. .
Representative Johnston, of North
Carolino, believes in the power of
Congress, to levy a tax for the pur
pose of teaching school in the States
by Undo Sam. Ho has introduced
a bill to pay out in ' eight years the
trifling sum of seventy . million dol
lars for the purpose of teaching the
young idea'how to shoot. Of course
he believes this constitutional, or no
man calling himself a North Caroli
na Democrat would presume to favor
it. If there bo any power under the
Constitution for Congress to levy an
annual tax for eight consecutive
years for purposes of Federal school
u-ucbing or any other kind of school
teaching, it is more than we have
bicn ftblo to find, and we have been
s.nnc'A bat cf a diligent student in
this (iirection. There can be no such
vh'ni;' &!i a surplus from year to year
f ir thin purpos?, unless the Congress
U very derelict and culpable. The
j rr K'-nt surplus cannot exist two
W'Sis hence, although another sur
plus m3y exist in 1890, bat it must
ho by future excessive taxation.
There is no law and no precedent for
Mr. Johnston's proposed measure.
. We commend to Mr. Johnston and
all ether friends of Blair bills and
otber unconstitutional bills for school
teaching etc., the following judicious
opinion of the ablest of the Western
Carolina editors, Mr. Cameron, of
the Asheville Citizen. He said some
time ago in his paper in discussing
e dynamite bill of crank Blair:
"Tfco whole safety of the South consists
a connmng me general government to its
..roper sphere; to resist all the' encroach
ments ''wnica. would permit interference
wish, or control of, eucq matters as prop
erly belong to the sovereign States; and
rather to eat the traad of poverty, embit
tered it may be, with ignorance, than to
admit the right to be fed, clothed and edu
cated by the almoner who shall dictate the
terms upon which the bounty shall be dis
But we regret to admit that it is the very
charm of government aid which has so fas
cinated cur people. Money, in this, as
everything eke is now powerful; and so it
i gotten, there is very little thought or care
Lib.? it comes, or what conditions
re attached4- to its bestowal. The
very promise that millions of dol
iars were to ba distributed among us for
educational purposes was welcomed with
rapturous gratitude, as if the fact were not
susceptible of proof that we are receiving
back in bulk what had been wrung from us
openly or insidiously in taxes; that this gift
brought with it conditions cf control humi
liating and subversive of the rightfnl pow
ers of the States; that its annual bestow
ment carried with it the necessity of the
same annual exactions to keep in force the
distributive sums, and that in the meantime
the vigorous feeling of self-dependence was
Rapped, and the minds of the people made
ready for any farther sacrifice of pride.
"A people are falling very low in the
scale of manhood when they are willing to
become the subjects of public bounty." .
.APPROPRIATIONS AND THE CON
STITUTION, Tho election or the holidays have
caused the Representatives to lower
somewhat- the River and Harbor
bill. It is five or six millions less,
however, than the Republican Sen
ate bill. No public moneys ought
to be applied for improvements oth
er than for national purposes. The
old Democratic party prior to. the
war stood out in opposition to internal-
improvements by tho General
Government. Their " doctrine was
that the States should attend to home
"matters. Tbe Federal Government
could only under the Constitution
regulate such things in the States as
were, of national importance. But
now moneys can bo taken from the
Treasury for' all '. purposes - such as
curing hog cholera in the States, run
ning fair?, teachicg school, building
bridges, "building school-houses, buy
ing scbool-bookp, furnishing mules to
poor negroes, and all other acts of
mercy and charity that are for the
""""goqeral welfare." "And all this in
the name of statesmanship.
'It would bo a blessed thing for the
country 'if all members of tae Con
gress we include both Houses
were compelled to take a two years'
course in constitutional and inter
national law and ia general history,
including that of American parties,
before they could vote for a bill or
make a speech.
"It wad frae mony a' blunder free us
And foolish notion."
We would be quite willing to see
this arrangement, applied to all edi
tors of newspapers, if it were Dem-
a. A. 9
ocratic to exact so much. The bless
jugs of Civil Service reform if there
be such should by all means be so
extended as to cover the cases of
. Blair, Allen, Banks and all who share
at - II II II II VI w w ;: ii vi I VI r yi : : , fcV 11 . .
in their constitutional views. The
laws of language and the accepted
canons of criticism are set aside to
get oat of the Constitution powers to
do things never contemplated by the
framers and not authorized by sound
AN INCREASE OF 100 PER CEST.
There are two Senators on the
Democratic side who will not allow
the Radicals in the Senate to have it
all their own way in the matter of
the Tariff of the Monopolists. Sen
ators Vest and Morgan the two
ready debaters on the Southern side
are giving the Rads some taps that
can be felt. Senator Morgan's re
marks, as reported in the synopsis in
the Stab's reports of tho 12 th, were
to the point and unanswerable. He
did not in the least overstate the
condition of the young negro boys
who are growing np to be idlers
and thieves and with the pen
itentiary . and' gallows before them.
His denunciations of the proposed
Senate . Tariff bill were needed and
just. It is a great shame and out
rage that the Rads should attempt
to increase the burdens of strug
gling Southern farmers by raising
the tax on cotton ties 400 per eent.
above what it now is. And that is
called "reducing the Tariff." Save
the mark! What a fearful abuse of
language! There are perhaps papers
in the South that supported Cleve
land that will indorse that sort of
tomfoolery and rascality called "re
ducing tbe Tariff." We see so many
political vagaries iu newspapers that
we are not surprised at any opinions.
One fellow of the Allen stripe the
bloody-ebirt Representative from
Michigan is worth a great deal to
the South for he helps prodigiously
in keeping it solid and united. He
had the effrontery to question the
patriotism of 'Gen. Wheeler and
Representative Oats, and said that
men like them kept tho South solid.
"The principal reason was because she
was afraid of such leaders as his friends
from Alabama Messrs. Oats and Wheeler.
Let the new South send men here who were
not battle-scarred in favor of rebellion.
Let such men come here and represent the
new South, and there would be no solid
Ob, the absolute meanness and
degradation of that! Send traitors
in tbe war or traitors einco the war
to the Southern whites and we will
take them to our hearts. That is the
real meaning of the blow-wind and
crack-you-cheek'talk. True men of
the South ure not to be trustod. As
long S3 there are such fools and
blatherskites in the North as this
Michigan Bombastes Forioso there
will be no genuine good feeling be
tween the sections. The brave
Wheeler did not condescend to re
ply to the, cur that barked at his
According to the Literary World
American magazine writers receive a
great deal more for their work than
they did ten years ago. It says some
of the best writers of short stories re
ceived $80 for a story. Now they
Shakespeare excelled all other men
in almost everything he attempted.
Some critics think others surpassed
him in lyrical verse, but if so, they
are few in number. An agreeable
writer in the London Quarterly Re-
vieto recently said:
"Sbakespcard in nonsense, as in every
thing else, is our greatest artist. True to
nature, true to art, Shakespeare embodies
nonsense, as he embodies history, philoso
phy, poetry, in life and action, giv
ing to it, as to each of these, its proper
place and proportions. Tet such is his ap
preciation and love of fun for its own sake,
that besides all the humors of his many in
dividual and f ubordiaate characters, be has
four, if not five plays "Love's Labor"
Last," "Merry Wives of Windsor," "Tam
ing of the Shrew," "Comedy of Errors,"
and perhaps "Midsummer Night's Dream"
if we exclude this last from our former list,
in which nonsense holds well its own, by
the sido of tho serious part of each of these
One of tho beet criticisms, the
most pointed, we remember to have
met with was Sir Walter Soott's re
mark about the imitation of himself
in the famous "Rejected Addresses"
by James and Horace Smith, a book
that ia unique and delightful as well
as ingenious. A friend, read to him
the poem in imitation of bis own and
asked him whom was it by. He an
swered, "It must be mine, but I did
not think I had written anything so
J. R. Seeley, tho distinguished pro
fessor in Oxford University, Eng
land, and author of some very no
ticeable books, namely, "Ecce
Homo," Historical Essays and Napo
leon,discusses "Literary Immortality"
in the Contemporary Review. He
thinks but few authors are safe in
that particular and he gives good rea
sons for his opinion. ' We have not
time to follow him in his very enter
taining discussion. . He of oourse
thinks Shakespeare certain for fame
as long as the world lasts, and he
says it will be mainly owing to his
(: prodigious condensation in which
he excels all writers, and which ena
bles him to put into five acts of a
play as much matter as serves other
writers for the three volumes of
a novel." But our purpose was
to copy- what he says towards tbe
close of his paper relative to certain
writers. He says:
"Some writers hold a secure literary im
mortality, because their writings are so
small that they are never felt to be in the
way. Such are Gray and Goldsmith. And
many lyrists keep their names in perpetual
memory by a few happy stanzas. Indeed,
in lyric poetry there really is literary im
mortality, i But room can rarely be found
in Fame's' conveyance for large works.
Thus many persona who open Richardson
are greatly struck by his genius; neverthe
less, few of them read his : works. The
simple truth is that life is not long enough.
However much I may admire George Eliot,
I cannot imagine that a hundred years
hence people will find time to read "Mid
dlemarch;" at the utmost lean conceive
that "Silas Marner" may survive. On the
other hand. I find no difficulty in believing
that much of Tennyson will be still as
familiarly known then as it is now.
"Scarcely any long book really iives ex
cept 'Don Quixote." .
Names of authors may be preserved,
but few people read their books.
Gentle reminders, in the shape of
bills; will te"s'ent out frequently to
all subscribers to the Weekly Stab
whose subscriptions have expired.
It is hoped they will not be laid
aside for "f uture reference," but will
be paid promptly.
BIVJSB AND MARIN F.
Craw of tb Abandoned Brig Ii. A.
So. air Pleksd Up at Seat by tbe
Sebooncr Wlnnlo Iiwry Reports
of Otber Disasters.
The schooner Maggie Abbott, Capt.
Mcintosh, from Port-au-Prince, Hay
ti, arrived and anchored at the quar
antine station at Southport last Fri
day. It is reported that one of her
crew died with yellow fever on the
The schooner Winnie Lawry,
Capt. McBitchie, also from Port-au-Prince,
arrived at Southport yester
day. She brought the Captain and
crew of the American brig Lewis A.
Squire, which was abandoned at sea
on the 9th inst. Capt. Nelson
master of the abandoned brig, reports
that his vessel left New York on the
6th inst., with a cargo of guano for
Savannah, Ga. She encountered
severe gales on the 8th, off the North
Carolina coast, and sprang a leak, so
as to compel all hands to work stead
ily at the pumps to keep the vessel
from sinking. On the night of the
8th the gale increased to a hurricane
from the northwest, and one of the
crew was washed overboard. On the
morning of the 9th, as the vessel
was sinking, it was determined to
abandon her; the vessel then being
in latitude 44.50, and longitude 74.35,
west. Capt Nelson and his crew of
seven men, after being twenty-seven
hours in an open boat, were picked
up bjr the schooner Winnie Lawry
which arrived yesterday at South
The schooner Belle Brown, Sawyer
fromMartinique, bound to Provi
dence, R. I., put in at Southport Fri
day evening, with sails damaged in
the recent gale.
The steam yacht Agatha, bound
to Jacksonville from Philadelphia, ar
rived at Southport yesterday.
The side-wheel steamer Bellevue,
from New York, bound to Jackson
ville, Flo., also arrived at Southport
yesterday. Her captain reports a
buoy in Core Sound missing from its
The revenue cutter Colfax, re
turned yesterday from a cruise off the
coast. Capt. Moore reports speaking
several vessels which have since ar
rived at Southport. The Colfax will
go to sea again to-morrow.
The Winnie Laiory is reported
as having lost two of her crew over
board on the voyage from Port-au-Prince
On opening your paper if you dis
cover a bill for subscription, do not
be afraid of it. The amount is hon
estly due and ought to be paid in or
der that the publisher may meet the
enormous expenses of printing a
Tbe J ate Bagging Trust.
With the first of January expires
the agreement that binds together
the syndicate of jute manufacturers
who have cornered the market on jute
bagging. The Boston Journa I of
Commerce says "it is not likely that
the agreement will fail of renewal by
the various contracting parties.
Though jute butts have advanced in
price one-quarter to one-half of a cent
a pound, raising the cost of bagging
three-quarters to one cent a yard, the
new list price of the combination is
likely to be eight to nine cents for
the standard grade. This price will
not only be low enough to shut out
foreign competition, but it will be
higja enough to pay a fair profit to the
manufacturers. Complaint is made
that sales of bagging have not come
up to expectations, the substitutes
having to a considerable extent taken
its place. When the price had once
been set at 12 cents, the combination
were obliged to maintain it through
the season to protect the Southern
merchants and distributors who had
bought at that figure.
The most formidable competitor of
the jute combination, . the Acme
Manufacturing Company of this city,
whose bagging has given such great
satisfaction wherever introduced, but
whose factory, unfortunately, was de
stroyed by fire a short time ago, will
soon be in the field again. In a letter
dated the 9th inst., to a merchant of
Savannah, Ga., and published in the
News of that city, the Company says:
"We are now rapidly rebuilding,
and about Jan. 1 expect to be in op
eration again,' and will then be glad
to exhibit the whole process, machin
ery, cost of plant, manufacturing,
etc., and prove at our works any
claims we make for the business. It
is a big field for Southern enterprise
and capital, and jute bagging cannot
now be made cheap) enough to do us
any harm." . -
WILMINGTON, N. 0., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21,
NAVASSA GUANO COMPANY
Sleeting of Stockholders Election of
I Officers-Resolutions Adopted. Etc
The annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Navassa Guano Com
pany was held at their office in this
city yesterday. ! ,
Bmilie A. Gregg, Esq., was appoint
ed chairman and Mr. Donald MacRae
secretary. : "'.
After the reading of the usual re
ports and financial statements, the
following resolutions were unani
mously adopted :
By the will of Divine Providence,
our twentieth annual meeting is as
sembled under the shadow of mourn
ing emblems for our recently de
ceased President, the Hon.' R. R.
Bridgers, whose sudden death in the
very performance of the active duties
or ma nonorabie and uselui career,
following closely upon that of our Di
rector, Mr. Jno. C. Graffiin, of Balti
more, has deprived 'this company of
the services of two of its highest and
most useful officials.
We miss their kindly presence,
and personally mourn the loss of
valued friends, while, as a body, we
feel that in each of these able men
we have lost earnest and successful
co-ia,borerg,-?fioe. , counsels nd
zealous aid it will be difficult to re
.frommenuy connected witn tnis
Company from its organization, they
have alike exercised their uncommon
business abilities in its service, and
given unstintedly the active labor of
their minds and bodies to the promo
tion of its Interests.
Society at larere. as well as the in
dustries they so well served, will
long miss these active, earnest men,
but none more than the Navassa
Guano Company of Wilmington, N.
Resolved. That the stockholders of
this Company have heard with pro
found res-ret of the death of Robert
R. Briderers and John C. Graffiin. our
President and our Director.and desire
to place upon record this estimation
of their worth and character.
Resolved. That a Dace in our records
be devoted to this minute, and a copy
of the same be sent to thej-espective
lammes or the deceased.
The following officers were elected
to serye for the ensuing year:
President Donald MacRae.
Secretary and Treasurer Donald
Directors Wm. H. Crawford, J. I.
Middleton, Smilie A. Gregg, G. W.
Kidder, D. G. Worth, P. L. Bridgers.
Superintendent of Factory C. E.
Superintendent of Agencies Col.
W. L. DeRosset.
Accountant Col. W. C. Jones.
Travelling Agent Geo. P. Cotchett.
The Directors declared a dividend
of 8 per cmt., payable on or before
January 1st, 1889, to stockholders of
record of this date.
Receipts of naval stores since the
beginning of the crop year April 1st
and up to yesterday, as compared
with receipts for the same time last
year, are as follows : pirlts turpen
tine, 53,408 casks; last year, 59,287.
Rosin, 153,306 barrels; last year, 232,
135. Tar, 37,089 -barrels; last year,
S0,57G. Crude turpentine, 16,925 bar
rels; lost year, 19,529.
There is an increase only in
the single item of tar, which points
sadly to the continued and grad
ual decay of our valuable tur
pentine forests. It seems that it
is only a question of time when
these will be completely destroyed
unless some preventive measures are
adopted to preserve them. The razor-back
hog is charged with denud
ing the land of the young trees, which
springing from the seed would natur
ally supply the waste caused by the
turpentine-getter and timber-chopper,
but they have to run the gaunt
let for five years before they are safe
from his ravenous depredations, and
but few escape. It is claimed by many
who are well informed on the subject
that the adoption of the stock law in
the pine regions is the only thing that
will save the forests from utter des
truction. Presiding Elder Swindell.
The Charlotte Newt, in referring to
the appointment of Rev. Mr. Swindell
as Presiding Elder of the Wilmington
While all denominations in this city
reioice in the well deserved promo
tion, universal regret is expressed that
this promotion has been secured at
the cost of losing him to Char
lotte. Mr. Swindell has done excel
lent work in this city as pastor of the
Try on street Methodist church, and
has won the highest esteem of this
community. But he will not alone be
missed. He is blessed with an help
mate who. by her good deeds, has
particularly engrafted herself into the
affections of the people of Charlotte,
and whose departure will be sincerely
reerretted. Mrs. Swindell is a woman
of exceptionable usefulness, not only in
church work but in otber ways. This
nastor and his wife will leave Char
lotte with the best wishes of all our
Food for Tho Off bt
A reader of the Stab submits the
"If Adam, the husband of Eve, was
livinc now he would lack about
twelve years of being seven thousand
years old. If he had started life with
100.000. and loaned it at 6 per cent,
interest from the day of his birth to
the present time, his accumulated
wealth would not equal tnat oi a
cood nianv men of the Dresent day.
who have made their shekels from
'Trusts," . watering ; stocks, making
corners in wheat, buying up Southern
railroads and other methods of which
this member of "one of the first fam
iles" was entirely ignorant. ' Are not
some of us making money a little too
fast? Jay Gould would call it slow
progress to make only forty-two
million dollars in seven thousand
State Guard Encampment
At the meeting of officers of the
Third Regiment. N. C. S. G.. held in
Fayetteville recently, Capt. Broad
foot offered the following resolution
which was unanimously adopted:
That the officers of the Second
Resriment pledge themselves to use
every effort to induce the next Legis
lature to make such an appropriation
for the State Guard as will give them
an annual encampment. And that
the recent encampment at Wrights-
yule demonstrates the fact that it
possesses so many advantages over
any other place in North Carolina for
a military camp, that it would be
very greatly to the interest of the
Guard if the Xegislature would take
some steps looking 'to making
Wnghtsville a permanent place of
encampment for the State Guard.
NORTHEAST BIT EE. .
Agricultural Resources ; oir Parts of
Duplin County Contiguous to this
.. Iporttni;WautWay.'' 'v:
A Carefully prepared reportupon
the agricultural, naval" stores and
lumber resources of parts of Duplin
county, lying - within five miles of
Northeast river, from ;: Kornegay's
.Bridge to the: mouth of Rockfish
Creek, has been transmitted to Capt.
W. H. Bixby, United States Engineer
in charge of river and harbor im
provements. The report is ' made by
a committee appointed for the pur
pose, and of which Mr. B. F. Grady is'
chairman, and' is prepared from data
furnished by intelligent farmers, mer
chants and others living near the
river. , . "
A condensed statement of the re
port, which the Stab has been requsst
ed to publish, is given herewith :
Including the various tributaries
of the river Burncoat. - Panther,
Grove. Limestone. Maxwell. Muddy
Creek, Cypress Creek, Island Creek,
Oaky Branch, Rockfish and many
smaller streams there arewithinfive
miles of Northeast riven AV-ut 160,000
acres ui tuuuer ituiu wiiii a pruuiuve
growth or pines, oaks, hickories, cy
press, juniper, poplars, maples, elms,
dogwood, mulberry, persimmon, lob
lolly bays, beeches, black wal
nut, sweet-gum, black-gum, ash,
cherry, cedar, willow, birch and
other smaller trees, which stand wait
ing for the means of transportation
and a market. Their value is beyond
including the tributaries and esti
mating the mud or swamp lands as
averaging a half mile in width,
which the improvement of the river
would enable the people to drain and
clear and cultivate, there are
between Kornegay's Bridge and
Rockfish not . less than 25,000
acres of, land which will pro
duce from ten to twenty barrels of
corn per acre, aggregating from
1,250,000 to 2,500,000 bushels, and
other crops in the same proportion;
yield of corn, taken at tne
lowest estimate, worth at 50 cents
per bushel $28,617 more than all
tne farm products oi tne entire coun
ty according to the census of 1880.
The amount of turpentine, tar, and
spirits turpentine now produced an
nually within reach of the river is
worth, at Kornegay's Bridge, $6,000;
Sarecta, $9,000; Hallsville, $14,500;
Chinquepin, $28,000; Deep Bottom
Bridge, $8,000; various landings and
railroad, stations near tne river,
$15,000. Total $80,500.
The amount of timber, staves, sawed
lumber, &c , now shipped down the
river, and hauled an inconvenient
distance to the railroad is, per an
Tbe value of cotton made near tbe
river, which is now hauled thirty-five
miles to Goldsboro and to other sta
tions on the railroad, is from Korne
gay's $48,000; Sarecta, $5,000; Halls
ville, $13,000; Chinquepin, $9,000; Deep
Bottom bridge and other places, $5,
000. Total, $79,000.
The value of live stock near the
river, now driven to distant markets,
is $14,000. The aggregate of products
at all points is $1,197,260. This grand
aggregate of values, sent to distant
markets by the various means of
transportation now in use.is bartered
off for goods of like value, and hence,
the commerce of the river within Du
plin would, with no increase, amount
to $2,394,500. But there can be no
doubt that in a few years, witn tne
river navigable for about eight or nine
months in the year, its commerce
would swell, to at least twice this
amount, and the benefits to a section
of country so far removed from other
f transportation routes are beyond
computation. Tne draining and
cultivation of our swamp lands need
only be referred to as suggesting the.
untold resources which would be de
veloped by the improvement of the
riyer and the consequent lowering of
its water level
The data upon which the above re
port is based is furnished by S. O.
Middleton, B. F. Middleton, L. B.
Carr, C. S. Carr, D. J. Williams, Halsa
Cavonaugh, W. P.Dobson, T. G.Dob-
son, C. E. Hussey, W. R. Bryan, J. B,
Carr, C. C. Grady, Lee Albertson, M.
T Home, G. B Dr Parker, John W
Gresham.l John H. - Westbrook, and
others, and the report itself is en
dorsed by a large number of citizens
of the county.
A meeting of purchasing agents of
the Farmer's Alliance of Pender conn
ty was held yesterday afternoon at
the Sutton House in this city. The
different sub-alliances 'of the county
were represented as follows:
Burgaw F McMoore.
Northeast W C Murphy.
Rhine G F Walker.
Rocky Mount J T Bowden.
Doctor's Creek S C Powers.
Canetuck J R Hillborne.
Cooly Mills-J W West. '
Moore's Creek W T Moore.
Maple Hill R F Powers.
Oak Grove Lewis.
Committees were appointed and
instructed to wait upon the different
grocers, dry goods, hardware and
boot and shoe merchants of the city
and endeavor to effect arrangements
by which members of the Alliance
can be supplied upon more favorable
A proposition was submitted, and
favorably considered, that the Alli
ances of Pender, Duplin, Onslow, Bla
den and Sampson counties unite in
the movement and thus, by aggre
gating their orders, be enabled to
purchase supplies at a considerable
reduction from the usual - prices
charged lor goods.
Eecefpts of cotton at this port the
past week show an increase of 2,663
bales as compared with receipts the
corresponding week lost year, the ag
gregate being 9,894 bales, as against
7.231 last year.
Receipts from September 1 to De
cember 14, as bulletined at the Pro
duce Exchange, are 115,318 bales, as
against receipts of 141,570 for the same
time last year a decrease of 26,252
The Stock at this port is 19,997 bales
at same date last year 20,331 bales
Stealing Spirits Tnrpentlne.
A young colored man named Wm.
Sanders , was arrested yesterday
charged .with ' Stealing .two casks of
spirits turpentine from Messrs. Wil
liams & Murchison's naval stores yard
on the west side of -the river. San
ders will have a hearing before May
or Fowler, to-niorrow morning. He
is said to be a brother of the man ar
rested several months ago': for steal
ing empty Casks from the game yard,
and who absconded while out on bail
A Large Number of Postmasters Ten
dering Their Resignations District
Attorney Selmers of Indianapolis. -
- By Telegraph ta tha Horning Btar.
WASHIHGTON. Dec 13 Postmaster Ofl,
ncral Dickenson to-day said to an Associa
ted Prese reporter that within the last few
weeas ne bad received the resignations of a
considerable number of Presidential and
fourth class postmasters, with requests that
Republicans whom they name and recom
mend be appointed in their places. Others
have written asking whether their resigna
tions and recommendations of Republican
successors would receive favorable action.
in reply to an inquiry as to his action in
these cases the Postmaster General said that
no resignations had been or would be ac
cepted that are made for the purpose of
i ores tailing toe action oi tae incoming ad
ministration by the appointment of Repub
Attorney General Garland to-dav receiv
ed a telegram from U. S. District Attorney
Selmers, at Indianapolis, declining to with
draw nis resignation and insisting upon its
acceptance. It is said that the President
and the Attorney General arc verv much
dissatisfied with Mr. Selmers' course in re
linquishing his office just at this particular
time, when so many important matters are
pending in his office, and . it is intimated
that he may be dismissed instead of being
allowed to resign.
A( Charleston, 8.1 C., IiOss Estimated
at $10,000. A Big Blaze at Savan
By Telegraph to the Morning Star.
Charleston. S C. Dec. 13 A Are
broke out between 11 and 12 o'clock last
night in 1450 bales of cotton lying at Bioce's
wharf ready for shipment, and securely
covered by tarpaulins. Tbe fire is still
burning, and engines are playing on it It
is estimated that 100 bales are injured more
or less. It is iceured in local agencies for
$43,000 Insurance agents estimate the
loss at about $10,000. Tbe cotton is owned
by Gastover & Co.
Savannah, Ga , Dec. 13. Fire brok
out this afternoon in tbe Central Railroad
cotton warehouse adioimng the Ocean
Steamship wharves. Baldwin & Co, are
the heaviest losers. They had 1,800 bales
stored, and Woods & Co. 1,680 bales. One
warehouse was burned ana with it between
8,700 and 3,800 bales of cotton stored by
Baldwin & Co., Woods & Co. and
Hammond, Hull & Co. Hammond,
Hull & Co. s 1ob8 ia small. Tne total loss
on cotton will approximate $300,000, and
is luuy covered c-y insurance, j ne onuiu
of the fire is unknown. It started in a cor
ner of the warehouse and before the fire
men could reach the locality it had gained
such headway that it was impossible to
save either the building or its contents.
The Are, however, will not interrupt tne
business of any of the -losing firms. The
firemen were at work on lha burning cot
ton all the afternoon and to-night.
Emlo Paslia and Stanley In tne Hands
of tne Olahdt Their Iilves Threat
ened. By Cable to the Horning Star.
Cairo. December 14 In the letter re
ceived at Suakim, from Osman Digna,
and which is supposed to have contained
the announcement that Emin Pasha and a
white traveller, presumably Stanley, had
fallen.into the hands of the Mahdi.were en
closed copies of a dispatch from the Der
vish leaner at lauo to is.naira i asna, giv
ing the date of Emin Pasha's surrender as
October 10th, and the letter to Emin Pasha
from the Khedive, which the latter banned
to Henrv M. Stanley when he was at Cairo.
Along with the letter Osman Digna
sent several Snyder cartridges which he
alleged had been taken irom tne white
traveller. ThaZinzabantes in Stanley'y
expedition were armed with Snyder rifles.
but none are in tne possession oi tne uer
London. December 14. It is rumored
that Osman Digna, in his letter, expressed
his willingness to surrender Emin Pasha
and his white companion, provided Egypt
would aereo to abandon Suakim. If this
proposal is not accepted, it is believed that
both of the captives will be killed. The
British Cabinet are now discussing the
In the House of Cutnmons this after
noon, Mr. Smith, replying to Mr. Wilfried
Lawson. said as far as known to the Gov
ernment the letter written by Osman Digna
announces the surrender of Emin Jfaslea
and a white traveller. The Government
had no means of knowing whether the al
legations were well rounded.
Stanhope, Minister of War, replying to
Dillon, stated tbe coBt or the army or occu
nation in Eevpt during the current year to
be 110,000. This expense would be borne
by Egypt, ll the operations entailed iur
ther expenditures tne uovernmeni -wouiu
consider how they should be met. The
Egyptian government naa approveu senu
ing reinforcements to Suakim.
General urenieii recognizeu tne letter
which Osman Digna had furnished as the
original one which he had drafted for the
Khedive. Thus Stanley a capture is vir
tuallv bevond a doubt. The Congo State
officials have not been informed of the sit
uation. The Kins of the Belgians is agi
tated bv this outcome of the expedition.
Bnd is receiving a great many dispatches
regarding it. tie admits tnat ne was tne
largest suoscrioer to siamey s expenses.
The Independence Beige says that Eng
land will doubtless do everything possible
to liberate Stanley.and that Lord Gladstone
too bitterly regrets the abandonment of
Gen. Gordon lor Lord Salisbury to aban
don Stanley and Emm Pasha.
Pabts, Dec. 14. In -the Chamber of
Deputies to-day, Peytral, Minister of Fi
nance, submitted a bill authorizing post
ponement for three months of payment of
the Panama Canal Company's liabilities,
including interest and redemption hoods.
Another Development In the Htwti'
By Telegraph to the Horning Star.
Memphis. Dec. 15. A Birmingham,
Ala., special says: The body of Irene
Hawes. the second daughter of Dick
Hawes. was found in the lake at Lake
View; at 11.20 this morning, by detective
Bobbins. The water had been drained un
til it was only a foot or two deep. The
child wore a small slip, half covering the
body, and a hemp cord fastened two heavy
fish-nlates. weighing thirtvT30undreach.
to thehftb&T" The searchers had about made
up" their minds to give np, when Bobbins
thought he wonld maKe one more attempt.
He threw in his line and brought up the
horrid find. Tho body was bamy decom
posed, bnt was at once identified by James
Hawes, Dick's brother, as that of the dead
Irene. The child was found nbout twenty
feet from tbe place where Mrs. Hawes'
body was concealed.
Birmingham, Dec. 15. The body of
Irene Hawes, the youngest child of the
Hawes family, was found to-day at the
bottom of the lake at Lake view Park.
near the spot where the body of its mother
was found one week ago. The body was
weighted down by several pieces of rail
road iron fastened about the child s neck.
There were no marks of violence. The find
caused no excitement, as people had ex
pected for a week that it wonld be found
near where the mother's body was dis
covered. . When told that tne body of his
other missing child had been found, Hawes
had nothing to say. except to ask. in an
indifferent sort of way, where it was. He
then refused to answer any questions. No
trouble is expected to-night, but the guard
at the jail has been increased as a matter of
extra precaution. No other attempt to
lynch tLawes is anticipatad.
Weldon ivews: Tuesday a rabid
dog ran a muck at Halifax, fighting every
dog he met in the streets. He finally en
tered Mr. J. J. Wood's yard and attacked
his dog. While attempting to separate
them Mr. Wood was bitten by tbe mad dog
on the leg.
The Southern later-State Convention-
Plan or Organisation Resolutions
' . IBv Telegraph to the Morning star
MONTOOMEBV. At.A.. Deer 13Th
Southern Inter 8tate Immigration Conven.
lion reassembled this morning in the hall
of the House of . Representatives at the
Air. Chilton, of Texas, chairman of thn
Committee on the Organization of a Per
manent aontnern inter-state Immigration
Bureau, submitted the committee's renort
Your committee, selected" for the rur
pose of drafting .a plan of organization
looking towards the formation of a perma
nent Southern Inter-State Immiirratinn
Bureau, for the purpose of securing added
population anu capital ror the Southern
8tates and Territories, securing uni
form freight and immigration rates,
the opening of a general office
and the establishment of other offices and
agencies, arranging of fairs and . exposi
tions, establishing ports of entry, and the.
doing of all other things necessary for tbe
development or every state and territorv
embraced in the call of this Convention,
Deg to suomit ineir report as follows, and
recommend that there be selected an execu
tive committee to consist of members frcm
each State and territory; that said execu
tive committee shall elect a general man
ager, anu mat said executive committee and
general manager shall constitute the
Southern Inter-State Immigration Bureau
and shall hold office until the meet,
ing of the next annual Convention, or un
til their successors have been elec
ted and accepted the trust. Your
committee furthermore sugeest that
all matters pertaining to the conduct of the
Inter-State Bureau be left solely with the
Bureau, there being no question of State
interest involved, since each State will be
represented by one of her most able reore-
sentatiye men in the formation of the Ex
Your committee further suggest that said
nter-State Bureau shall consist acd be
composed cf the following named inrtons:
Executive Committee John T. Patrick,
Kaleigh. N. C: R. F.Kolb. Montcouerv.
Ala. ; Logan H. Roots, Little Rock, Ark. ;
T. W. Poole, New Orleans, Li. ; George
w. uarii8ie, Jackson, Miss.; 15. M. Uord,
Nashville, Tena. : J. E. Ingram, Ssnford,
Fla.; W. L E. Gleaner, Amcricus,
Ga.; A. P. Butler. Columbia. S C;
8. Dougherty. Austin. Texas: T. F.
Nelson, Folsom. New Mexico; G. W. B.
Hall, Rocky Mount, Va.; Temple Bodly,
Louisville, Ky. ; J. K. Gwynn, Missouri;
and that when a vacancy occurs ia said
Executive Committee the Governor of the
State from which the retiring member
came saau be requested to nil the vacan
cy, and in case said Governor fails ro make
such appointment the Executive Commit
tee shall fill said vacancy.
On motion of Mr. Patrick, of N. C the
report of the committee was amended by
inserting tne name or uoi. a. a. ubiiton,
oi lexas, as uenerai Manager or the Bu
reau, and as amended the report was ad
The Committee on Resolutions made the
follow tag report, which was adoDted
whereas, it is believed by many citi
zens of the United States that the South
ern States do not desire to have immigra
tion from the Northern, New England and
ixorin western states and Territories; there'
fore, be it
Resolved. Br the Southern Inter-State
Immigration Convention, assembled this
day in the city of Montgomery. Ala., com-
poeea oi omciais and prominent citizens of
tne several southern states and Territories.
that we extend to all law-abiding citizens,
oi every religious laitn or political party.
an earnest and hearty invitation to make
their home in some one of these local States
and Territories here represented in this
Resolved, That the South offers crander
and greater opportunities and inducements
to labor and capital than any other country
on the face of tbe globe; that there are ye
to ue round within tbe borders of the
States here represented in this Convention.
a larger acreage of unoccupied agricultural
and horticultural lands open to settlement
and occupancy, at less prie per acre than
can be found in any other portion of the
united states; mat in her mineral and tim
ber resources she is destined to lead the
whole world; that the South needs immi
gration, and the kind of immigration
wanted is that which is 1 intelligent and
energetic; men who are capable of produc
ing sometnjng in addition to their imme
D UN'S BET IE TP.
Business Continues to Improve and
the Financial Outlook Remains Un
Hew Yobk. December 14. The moat
important event of the week in the finan
cial world the failure of tbe Panama
Canal has not as yet been felt in this
country. The amount of securities held
here is not large, and there is a general be
lief that tbe French Government will be
obliged to do something to avert wide
spread disaster. But it can do nothine to
make permanently valuable the vast amount
oi secunties issued, and the heavy French
losses will in time have some effect on
money markets elsewhere. In other re
spects the financial outlook remains un
Considerable exports of cold eontinne.
but cause neither disturbance nor alarm.
The supply of money in all parts of the
country is so large and the heavy disburse
ments of January are so near at hand, that
there ia an unusual feeling of confidence.
uusiness continues to improve in nearly
all sections, and though it does not meet
the expectations of the most sanguine, there
is every indication mat it is greater in
voiume tnan mat oi a year ago.
Bank clearings for the first week of
December, though they reflect to a note
worthy extent transactions of months ago
on wnicn payments are now maturing,
exceed those of last year bv 18 ner cent..
which implies a la?ge volume of present as
weii as or past ousmess. Tbe gains out
Bide of New York are remarkably large
and uniform, including even Southern
sections in which there has been most de
pression. Reports from Memphis stilll in
dicate that collections are hard to make,
and business bqows no improvement, cot
ton returns for Arkansas and Mississippi
being unfavorable. Throughout tbe
Northwest improvement is felt except at
new points, where wild speculation for
over-iraning last year did most mischief.
The iron output December 1st illustrates
the nrvtt!Jni MtiflrlotiMk r..4 if (ha tama
K O iuw mm M enuiv
time the danger of over-confidence. In
other branches of industry no change of
importance occurs. The volume of pro
duction is on the whole increasing, and the
Btate oi the market appears to luatify some
Cotton has been steady. A Memphis
circular now estimates the yield at 6.700.
000 bales, and the exports last month were
iu.8u0.000 pounds larger than for 1887
The comparative inactivity of thesoecu
lative market helps legitimate trade to ad
just prices to new conditions. The gen
eral average for all commodities is about 1
per cent, lower than a week ago, and
slightly below the level of November 1st.
In the stock market there has been hesita
tion without pronounced movement either
way. though the average of prices is 86o
on $100 better than a week ago.
Business failures throughout the country
during last week number lor the United
States 268, - Canada 85. Total 303,
against 305 last week.
Disastrous Results Feared from cav-
Ing -in of the River Rank at St.
By Telegraph to the Morning Star,
New Orleans, December 15 A spe
cial from St. Joseph. La., says: The cav
ing-in of the river bank has extended be
yond tbe line of the protection levee
laid off by the Government engineers to
protect the pariah from overflow while
work is in progress at Hard Times and
Wilson a Point. Prompt action is re
quired to prevent disastrous results. ,
Uuarlotte JVevi: I'hn - n . :
Baptist Church, on West Trade street no r
the Air-Line deppt, is nearing completion .
It is a frame structure, but is fbry neat,
the design being really handsome. '
Graham Gleaner.' Cant. Jamp
A. Graham, our former townsman, has been
appointed to the office of Pension Exami
ner at Washington at a salary of $1,400 a
year. The many friends of Capt. Graham -in
Alamance will learn with pleasure of hi
good fortune. -
Charlotte JNews : Miss Helen
Iredell, sister of Mrs. Judge Shlnn. died l t
the residence of Judge Shipp, in this city. '
u v kiwik mat mguk. one was a aaugn
terjof the late Gov. Iredell, and was about
75 yeats old. She had been an invalid tor
Sanford Mnyressi Cant. Will
Dodson, of the C. F. & Y. V. R. R, who
was so severely in iared a few weehn t.inn
at Spout Springs.- by a fall from a box to a
flat car on his train, ia recovering and will
soon be quite well. He was removed t.
his home in Greensboro this week. -
Clinton Caucasian: Dr. Mara-
ble's lecture in Atkins's Hall. Tuesday
night was excellent, sparkling with humor
and full of practical truths It was worthy
of any audience. The report of Trea-
surer Beaman shows that for the sear end
ing November 30th, 1888, the total receipts
ot tho school tax amounted $6,780.93 whilu
tne total expenditures for school purposes
amouted to $8,667.82. Balance on hand
including balance from last j ear, $2,751.40.
Kaleigh Visitor: The Governor
to-day pardoned Alfred Ledbetter, a whito
man, who was convicted of assault ant
battery at the June term, 1888, of Rich
mond county Superior Court, aud aen -fenced
to nine months in jail. The pardon
was granted on the advico of a physician,
who said it was absolutely necessary to
tho man's health that he be removed from
jii), ho having been suffering, during the
ptwi, iwu uiunws wun a severe attacK or
Warrenton Gazette: A einerular
and sad shooting case occurred near War
renton on Monday night last, by which a
young colored man named Davy Somer
villo lost his life. The minks had been dis
turbing his fowls for several night, and oa
monday night they came again Davy got
up and went out without the other inmates
knowing it. His cousin, Alonzo, alsr
heard the noise and went out with the gun,
and as he came near the hen house he saw
a man coming out with a light, and think -ing
it a thief instead of a mink, fired and
instantly killed Davy shooting out b;th
eyes and his brains.
Raleigh News- Observer: A
gentleman who arrived here from Orange
county yesterday reported that Mr. Pride
Jones, Clerk of the Court of that connty,
had resigned and that Judge John Gilmer
had appointed 8. M. Gattis to succeed
him. -iJnder the new schedule, which
goes into effect on tbe R. & D. Sunday
next, passengers leaving Raleigh at 5.26
p. m. arrive in Washington, D. C. next
morning at 7 o'clock, Baltimore at 8 20 a.
m. and New York at 1.20, thus making tbe
k. tsu.nve hours and twenty-one min
utes quicaer than any
other line out of
Kaleigh to Baltimore.
Hickory Press ;
crates of chickens and 227 turkeys passed
tnrougn wcKory on their wav from La-
-noir to Charleston, 6. C. last Tuesdav.
The English Practical Seminary be
longing to the Evangelical Lutheran Joint
Synod of Ohio, and located in Hickory,
began its second session on the 17th of last
September with an attendance of 7 stu
dents. The attendance now 4s the thre
departments primary, academic and theoe
logical is 46. The WilkeBboro Chron
icle says the sheriff has appointed the edi
tor ot the Breeze to the office of keeper to
the -jail. Kind sheriff happy editor. If
subscribers won't pay. the editor can di
vide rations with the prisoners. You see?
Wadesboro Messenqer : The
mercantile firm of Z. T. Right & Co., or
Troy, has made an assignment; liabilities
about $10,000; assets not known. On
last Tuesday, the 11th inst., Mr. T. H.
Redfearn died at the home of his son near
ML Croghan, Chesterfield countv. 8. c.
Mr, Redfearn was a native of White's
Store township, in this county, but has
been living for some time in South Carolina.
He was about 83 years old. The morning
after Mr. Redfearn's death, Dr. Joel Baker,
an old gentleman, who has passed his 90th
birthday, and who is postmaster at Mt.
Croghan, assisted by another gentleman,
was ia the act of laying off a grave in
which to bury Mr. Redfearn. when he fell
to the ground and expired without a groan.
Fayetteville Observer : The
Wilmington Stab is right when itl savs
that it strongly favors a tax-paying quali
fication. Maj. Roger P. Atkinson
passed through here last week on his way
to inspect tne grading between this place
and Wilmington. He reports that work is
progressing finely and the weather much
in their favor. We learn that some of
the sorghum exhibited at the fair, was not
the real article, but really tbe juice from
the Louisiana sugar cane, and we learn
that the experiment of planting it on our
river bottoms has proved a success.
Our community was sadly grieved on
Wednesday night last at the announcement
of the death of Miss Fannie J. Dye, eldest
daughter of Mr. M E. Dye, from con
sumption. She was just upon the thres
hold of young womanhood. We were
in error last week in regard to the obiect
of Mr. J. B. Underwood's still. He has
recently obtained a patent for the pur
pose of utilizing the waste products from
the common rosin, &c, and has .built thi
distillery to make rosin oil. and a superior
article of common varnish.
New Bern Journal: Tho
County Commissioners at their meetinc
yesterday, after having considered the
bonds tendered by the county officers-elect,
and deeming them insufficient, declared
the offices of county treasurer, sheriff and
register of deeds vacant. E. W. Carpen
ter, V. S. v., was given until Tuesday,
Dec. 18th, to perfect his bond. The fo!
lowing appointments were made to fill
the vacancies: Treasurer, E. K. Bry
an; Sheriff, Wm. B. Lane; Regis
ter of Deeds, John A. Richardson.
present collector of customs. The newlv-
appointed officers were given until the first
Monday in January to file their bonds.
Kinston item: The State Grange met Tues
day in the hall of the Knights of Honor,
over the store of Mr. W. F. Stanly. The
representation is a good one, and tbe mate'
rial first-class in every respect. The storm
last night prevented many from attending.
hut the others will be here to-night.
Jones county dot: We learn that Captain
Page's fat hogs have been dying with cho
lera. Beaufort jotting: Mrs. Cinde
rella Pool, widow of Mr. James H. Pool,
died in this town on Monday. . She leaves
six children.. By recent deaths in this
town, and all within one week, fifteen little
helple&ss orphans are cast upon the cold
charity of the world,
Rockingham Rocket: We are
pleased to note that Rev. T. W. Guthrie
was convalescent at last report, tie was
taken violently sick during the session of
the late Conference at New Bern, his at,
tack being of a malarial character from ex
posure in his work on the Wilmington dis
trictas Presiding Elder. There have
been four fires, three of them supposed tr
be of incendiary origin, in the upper pan
of this county within the last month. The
first one occurred about the 25th of No
vember and was a gin house belonging to
Mr. Allen Tyson, in which were three gins
belonging to Steele & Tyson; In the houso
were about 1,200 pounds of seed cotton be
longing to different parties, and also a large
quantity of cotton seed. This was in upper
Richmond, close to the edge of Montgomery
co., and was accidental. Loss about $l,OOo;
no insurance. The second nre was a ten
ant house belonging to John Bragg Coving
ton, in Mineral Springs township, and was
to be occupied by Lem Bostwick, colored.
The third fire, which was near Bostick's
Mills u a. hnnnA nramnied bv Newitt
Green, colored. He and his wife were out
in the field at work when they discovered
their house in flames, 'and they succeeded
only in saving the clothing which they bud
on. This was also thought to be incend -1 -ry.
The fourth fire was a barn belongic er
to Mr. J. M. Hutes, of Mineral Sprite
township, and it occurred about 11 oxlrxk
last Friday night, The barn was almott a
new one and was a splendid building, at t
the loss will not fall ahort of $1,200. I
the barn he had 400 bushels of corn, :
bushels of oats and two years' forage. l.'
also had a very fine cow for which had t -
fused $40, burned up. There was no m