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WILMINGTON, N. C,
$1.00 A TEAR IN ADKAIICE
Soterrl t! tht Foft OfflCS at NllmtftOB, N. C M
Sacond Clu Kattet.l
Tb ntacriptioa prfct o( the Waekly BUT If
I month, "
LABOR HMDS 07 THE SOUTH.
This question is one in which
every State south of Mason and
Dixon's line is deeply concerned.
There is a scarcity of labor through
out the cotton growing and other
agricultural regions, and even the
cotton mills have found labor so
scarce that the management fear
to shut down for any ''curtailment"
period for the reason that it was ap
prehended that the labor wonld drift
away and could not be secured again
or replaced by other operatives.
Not only is there need in the
South for more labor but there is a
strong demand for the immigration
of people with capital, thrifty set
tiers who have means, and an intelli
gent and desirable class of people
who can aid materially in the de
velopment of the varied resources of
this part of the country. This is
the reason why the South Carolina
Legislature established an immigra
tion bureau and has appointed an
immigration commissioner, and for
alike reason the State authorities
of North Carolina and other States
are taking active steps to induce
South Carolina made no mistake
in making a live newspaper man her
immigration commissioner. He went
to wqrk immediately and his method
of publicity has attracted wide at
tention all over the country. He
nude a trip to New York a few days
ago and his interview with thewlde
lycircnlating New York papers has
been a tremendous advertisement of
the purposes of South Carolina. Not
only has the commissioner's inter
esting interviews been given wide
publicity, but influential newspapers
all over the Aorth and West are dis
cussing this Southern immigration
movement in a manner that is valu
able to the end in view. Many of
the papers, aiming to be fair, but
misunderstanding the real condi
tions in the South, as is too lament
ably and inexcusably the case, bring
in matters that are ridiculous and
in many instances hurtful. The
Ignorance thus displayed by many
influential papers in the large North
ern cities leads us to believe that
the average Southern newspaper is
more familiar with conditions in the
North than some Northern editors
are with affairs in this portion of
The New York Journal of Com
merca is a paper for which we have
gieat respect, For practical and
able editorials we turn to that paper
as a standard. It is among the
Northern papers which comment
on the Southern immigration move
ment, and here is what that staunch
and able paper says:
The Lsglalature of South Carolina
hitatlubed a State Department of
Aericiiiurp, Commerce and Imml
crtttoo, largely with a view to Indue
Ins trie settlement la the State of "de
sir w white laborers for the better
drv-iopmeot of agricultural Industries.
Tm commlieloner just appointed at
th bead or that department, Mr. E.
J. Watson of Columbia, has been In
th oiy for tome day and Intends to
spend tbe 8ummr In Europe, his
m ailon being:, as he expressed It In' a
npper laterflew, in toduco Mde
iraole investments and settlers from
North European and American points
to coma to South Carolina the real
- garden spot of the world, poaseislng a
oil ftod climate producing; some crop
the-rear round." ,,V7e havr'. he says,
'thousands of acres or land lying Idle
at this time, and It Is the province of
tbe new department to bring about
their development." He thinks that
tbe "Middle South" generally has
special attractions for settlers, what
It mainly needs being "diversified and
lntosified farmlns," a greater variety
or crops and better cultivation. Its
cuier Uck is. "intelligent white labor
or Haion origin."
" ,uMr- wton gives an explanation of
jne altuation which prevails through a
i!rf0t pm of the Boxlh beyond the
Northern tier of 8tetes. The effect of
establishing manufacturing industries
ja been to draw white labor from the
"d, while the tendencv ot the
neKro laborer Is to drift away to
tbe commercial centres where he
wo" off, and to "railroad construc
tion camps" In the North and East.
The re.ult Is that the farmers are "cry
ing for Isbor wltb which to work tbelr
i . The need ll coming to be se-
k,.i .w no on,T 00 ordinary farms
&w t lhe ioUoa Pillions, where
it i - ?L efficient labor force, especial
Z P'ckU eason,tends strongly
" "lenon of the area of
planting. Thi iv,. .u " ' " Cii
'PMh h,Kher industrial develop-
Sok? ilha '.ol1' doe" ot admit of
nnd lnten e2JedV'Plt01
Jli i! ,,ent nd "terprtslng di
rection to become a much more pros
perous section and to suauin . IWVu
larger population. Perhaps theWnle
do not fully realize that the WSt&
the negro away from the and the fail
ore of immigrants from the North to
ettle upon It so rapidly as la ii desired
are largely due to social and political
conditions that change rery slowly.
No doubt the negro presents a difficult
and perplexing problem, but his treat
ment in many places Is such as fa
hardly calculated to attach him to the
land or to make him a cheerful and
efficient worker. Nor Is the welcome
apt to be given to the settler from else
where such as to make him feel at
home and eager to grow np with a
community of which the atmosphere
is not always congenial.
Many Immigrants who are coming
to this country, and who may be In
duced to come, ought to find, as Mr.
Watson thinks they would find a
"bright future awaiting them" la the
8outhern States; but much depends
upon the social and political. condi
tions that would surround them. The
first comers would be the best adver
tiser! of its attractions, If the attrac
tions were found, and the stream once
started would probably bo rapid
enough. But why from "Northern
Europe" or of "Saxon origin t" It
would seem as though the section
would be peculiarly tiapted to those
from Bouthern Europe, especially
Italy. Many industrious and capable
Immigrants come from there and set
tle in a less congenial climate with less
congenial occupations in the North,
who ought to be "desirable" and effi
cient in the Southern fields. Condi
tions are apparently Improving there
In the respects that will make that sec
tion more attractive to "desirable In
vestments and settlers from North Eu
ropean and American points," but the
transition Is slow and population
needs to be attracted rather than "in
duced." The comments of the Journal of
Commerce are interesting, but it
falls Into error when it gets its opin
ions from political sources that the
negro's treatment "is such as is hard
ly calculated to attach him to the
land or make him a cheerful and ef
ficient worker." The cases are ex
tremely isolated where the laboring
portion of the negro population is at
all dissatisfied, and in 'most Instances
where there are race troubles they
effect a very small and turbulent
class of negroes with which the av
erage negro baa nothing to do and
in nine cases out of ten blames
for the trouble that is brought
about. Aa to "social and political
conditions," the South Is handling
those matters in a way that will at
tract desirable people, but if a lot of
people at a distance who are suppos
ed to be the friends of the negro
settle the social and political condi
tions in their way, we could not live
in the South ourselves much less at
tract good people from the North or
The Journal of Commerce,
we regret to note, makes an
other very serious error in saying:
"Nor is the welcome apt to be given
to the settler from elsewhere such
as to make him feel at home and
eager to grow np with a community
of which the atmosphere is not
always congenial." This Is astound
ing coming from an enlightened
American newspa per In the face of
the statement that the Sonth is stand
ing with arms wide open to welcome
all good people, and the tens of
thousands of Northern and Western
and foreign people; who have settled
in the South can testify to the error
into which the Journal of Commerce
unwittingly or purposely falls. When
Northern and Western people come
here and find that "the social and
political conditions" are being han
died in the way the South handles
them they stay and soon "grow np
with the community." If they were
to come here and find the "social and
political conditions" reversed accord
ing to the plans of-theorlsts at a
distance they would buy a return
ticket back North. Ten years ago
in North Carolina we had these con
ditions reversed for a while, and we
have seen Northern Republicans who
camo here to invest turn away and
go to other points in tne bouw.
After normal conditions were re
stored, the settlers gladly came, got
a hearty welcome and the amalga
mation with our people, industrial
ly, politically and socially, is so
thorough that there is no line of
distinction. Nearly a hundred per
cent of the Northern settlers in the
South can tell the Journal of Com
merce that its statement is not in
accordance with conditions, and
that there is not only an inviting
but attractive field in the South fo
all classes of people.
An Afghan chief just over the
India bdrder ii making war because
one of his wives ran away and no
one will tell him where she is. He
declares that she is his prin
cipal help meet. We presume
that he wants her back home to help
meet expenses, for evidently she's
got money. ,
A pretty Pennsylvania girl shot a
man the other day becanso he
corned her. A poor man always
gets the worst of it. When "he
scorns a girl he gets shot and when
the elrl scorns him he gets half
shot. When a man rets scorned
why he just gets corned.
A newspaper 'calls Col. William
J. Bryan "Gas Bill." That Is an
egregions mistake, for a gas bill in
variably gets in once a month, while
GoL Bryan can't even break in.
It la said that Miss Effio Gas has
the richest gold mine in Alaska.
This compels us to sav that we
would like to be her Gas meeter.
At a conference of the Momon
church lhe other day at Salt Lake
City, it was decided again to aban
don Polygamy. We'll never believe
It until Polyamy sues for a divorce
and gets it on the ground of -aban
Now comes Senator Gorman to
ay that he has not announced him
self In favor of Judge Parker for the
Democratic nomination for Presi
dent and that he has not expressed
4 preference oneway or the other. .
Scientists are now trying to find
out how to recognize a female mus
quito from a male. We suppose the
only way to get at it is to believe
that the female is the one that gets
mashed on a man's face.
In this campaign we want all the
good Populists to renew their alle
giance to the Democratic party.
All the other kind will, however,
have to make their own arrange
We wrote something about "the
Kentucklan! blossoming rose," but
the printer set it np "blossoming
nose." Let it go at that.
It is said that Eooaevelt is rich,
but that won't keep him from feel
ing like 30 cents after the 8th of
A great many of our exchanges
ay "It Looks Like Parker." Well
if it looks so much like him it must
Raleigh banks have organized a
clearing house in that city.
Concord Chapter No. 1, E. A.
M., will hold a special convocation
Monday evening at 8 o'clock.
Dr. Porter, who was In the city
Saturday, said that the recent frost did
not injure strawberries that were cov
ered, and that the consequence is those
who covered will be shipping this
Berta Stanland, the little 9-
year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J.
F. Stanland, has diphtheria at 71S
Grace street. A quarantine was estab
lished Friday the only one now in
the elty. . .
As prescribed by law, chief of
Police Furlong on Friday burned in the
City Hall furnace about $100 worth of
poker chips, cards, dice and other para
phernalia, captured in the recent gam
Will King and Charlie Hanklns,
two boys who claim to hail from Wil
mington, broke Into a machine shop at
Wilson night before last and stole be
tween $18 and $20 from a cash box.
King was captured and half of the
money recovered. Hanklns gave the
Wilson officers a sprint and got away.
- A new system of tickets will
soon be Introduced on the suburban
trolley line eliminating the frequent
lifting of fares by the conductors. A
single ticket reading good to Wrights
vllle with coupons attached for the re
turn to Wilmington and another for
passage between tbe sound and beach.
PASTOR VILk NOT RESIGN.
Coaireiatloa Prsfers Thai He Take Vaca
tioa Recemmesded by Pbyslelass.
Friends of tbe Ber. Fred. D. Hale,
pastor of the First Baptist church,
will be delighted to know that bis con
dition has improved much since he
was admitted to tbe James Walker
Memorial Hospital list Monday. His
physicians now say that with a short
season of complete rest he will be able
to resume his pastoral duties, which
It was thought last week he would
have to abandon, on account of his
After the union services at the First
Baptist church last night, a conference
was held at which the condition of
Pastor Hale was reported and the con
gregation at once unanimously voted
him the needed vacation, which Bev.
Mr. Hale will spend at his old home in
Arkansas, returning to his work after
the Southern Baptist Convention.
Mr. J. B. WUklnsoi Dead.
Many friends throughout this sec
tion will learn with regret of the death
of Mr. J.B. Wilkinson, which oc
curred of paralysis at his home in At
lanta Saturday morning at 11 o'clock.
Mr. Wilkinson was about 60 years of
age and leaves two daughters and five
sons, nearly all grown. For a num
ber of years he conducted saw mill at
Alma, N. a, and was later proprietor
of Cleveland Springs untlll895 when
he removed with his family- to At
lant. He was a brother-in-law of
Messrs. O. H. Fore and E. S. Lathrop,
of this city, who were advised of the
death by telegraph Saturday.
Hitklasder's M aides Trip.
The Columbia State of Saturday
notes with satisfaction that the
steamer "Highlander" made her Initial
trip from that city to Georgetown,
without a mishap or delay, In 23 hours.
The State says : "A telegram received
last night bore the cheerful Informa
tion that an agreement had - been
reached for the through traffic arrange
ment with the Clyde Line. Manager
Love, who returned to Columbia yes
terday from a trip to NewYork, Wil
mington. Georgetown, and other
points, is Is now now soliciting freight
hinments among the merchants
' ' " : : ' I BvTalMnDhBBaiaantn HUr. I
WILMINGTON, N. 0. FRI0AY, APRIL 15, 1904.
KILLED AT WALLACE.
Young Eugene B; Wiggins Met a
tragic Death There Early
HIS HOME IN WILMINGTON.
FeH Between Cars Belof Shifted ea ilde-
track-Died Wliuls Two Hears After
iBjory Distresslsf Hews Cos
v veyed to ths Psmlly Here.
Last Friday night the shocking IntelU
gence reached the city that young
Eugene B. Wiggins had fallen from a
rain at Wallace, N. C. aud had been
fataUy injured. A later report bore
the more distressing but not unex
pected information , that the young
man had died two hours after the acci
dent at the heme of Mr. Sam. ; West-
brook to which he was carried soon
after he waa Injured. Particulars of
the sad accident had not been received
by the railway officials up to a late
hour Friday night, but from along dis
tance telephone conversation with Dr.
O. & Sloan, of Wallae. it was learn
ed that young Mr. Wiggins, while
standing on the top of some box cars
that were being shifted on the
side track at Wallace, fell be
tween two of them and the trucks
of one passed over him, break
ing the right leg just below the
knee, the lert one just above the
knee, while his hip was badly crushed.
He was also Injured Internally. He
was not unconscious, however, when
he was picked up, and while being
carried across the track to the resi
dence of Mr. Westbrook, in front of
which the accident occurred, he told
those about him to tell his mother
that he loved her and that he died like
Dr. B. B. Graham and Dr. J. W.
Carroll, A. O..L. surgeons at Wallace,
were summoned as quickly as possi
ble, but they saw from the first that
there was no ' hope, and his
widowed mother, Mrs. Elizabeth
B. Wiggins, and his sister. Miss
Llna Wigglnf. of Wilmington,
were notified by kind friends, who
prepared them as gently as possible
for the more distressing news which
followed. In the meantime a special
train bad been made up here and was
being prepared to take the mother and
sister, Dr. E. J. Wood and other phy
sicians to Wallace, but the later news
made It unnecessary to send the train.
Everything possible was done for the
young man by the physicians and
friends at Wallace, but it was all to no
Young Mr. Wiggins was in the 21st
year of bis age and was universally
loved by all who knew him. He was
a boy of buoyant spirits and a most
agreeable companion. For several
years he was employed In the offices of
Messrs. Alexander Sprunt & Son. but a
year ago he manifested an Inclination
for railroad work and was reluctantly
given up by his first employer! to en
ter tbe general offices of the Atlantle
Coast Line as a clerk In the office of
Mr. B 8. Mclver, auditor of freight re
ceipts. The work there was confining
and the young clerk decided to enter
the transportation service and work
his way up. He gave up a more lu
crative and pleasant position and be
came a flagman until the required ex
perience was obtained to fit him for
something better. He had been in
that service less than a week anuFriday
night was on his second run on Local
Freight No 1, in charge of Conductor
Gllfion. bound from Bocky Mount to
Wilmington. Arriving at Wallacer
tbe train commenced shifting on the
side track and the young man was on
top of one of the cars. In some way
that will perhaps never be explained,
he fell between two of them and tbe
dire consequences of that fall have al
ready oeen related.
The accident occurred at . 8:30
o'clock. Half an hour later the same
train was unfortunate enough to de
rail two cars, also at Wallace, but that
had no connection with the more se
rious accident immediately preceding
it. A wrecking train left Wilmington
soon after the derailment of the cars.
STATE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT.
thilrasa Bailey Oives Stains la the Stats.
A. a M. Defests U. N. C.
Special Star Telegram.
Baldgh, N. 0., April 9. Chair
man J. W. Bailey, of tbe State Anti
Saloon League, issued an, elaborate
statement today giving the exact
status of tbe temperance movement In
the State. It shows there are 54 coun
ties having prohibition, 85 have sa
loons, 13 have dispensaries, two have
distilleries, but no retailing allowed.
These last are Yadkin and Davie.
There are saloons in 66 towns and S3
others have dispensaries.
Tne A. ft M. baseball team won
from the University this afternoon in
an uninteresting game, the score being
9 to 3. Bam during the morning until
the hour for the game ' made big in
roads on the attendance and seriously
impaired condition - of tbe grounds.
kHart pitched for Carolina, McLaurin
i or A. 6t M. Carolina got four bits ana
A. & M. 12. The A. & M. made six
runs in the seventh Inning. Sum
marj: Earned runs, A. & M., 5;
Caroline. 0: bases on balls. Meliaurln,
1; Hart, 2; two base hits, Knox, 1;
Donnelly, 1; struck out, by Meliaurln
7, by Hart 2.
These forthe Roads.
The following are the defendants
sentenced In the court during past
week; David Gordon, assault with
a deadly weapon, two months; Ernest
GUlam, larceny, four months on
roads: B. L. Jovner. disposing of
mortgaged property, two months;
Harry Taylor, breaking and entering
store house, 12 months; Dan Wash
Ineton. breaklnar and entering store
house, 12 months; Salem Bell, larceny,
13 months; Andrew Walker, carrying
concealed weapon, two' months; John
Graham, alias Grant, carrying con
cealed weapon, 40 days; Jer
rle Hamilton, assault with deadly
weapon, two months; Ellis MacBae,
larceny 12 months; Thos Branch forci
ble trespass, four months;' Willie
Jones, assault with deadly weapon,
Robert Oatlett, a wealthy farmer of
Sevier county, Tenn., who has been
tried five times on the charge of being
an accessory In the Whaley murder,
in January, 1896, for which two men
already have been executed, was ac
quitted yesterday at Louden, Tenn.
STEDMAN FOR GOVERNOR.
Stall a Confederate Soldier Ever A rail
le Elected to Any Hlh Office la
i ; - ISorik Careliss? '
To thelEdltor: Shall a Confederate
soldier ever again be elected to any
high office in North Carolina! Or
shall they be relegated Into "Innocuous
desuetude!" Among the twelve Con
gressmen from this State there is not
one ex-Confederate soldier, nor Is It
probable that there will ever be again
be a Confederate soldier ' from this
8tate In Congress. North Oarolina
Is lhe only Southern State that en
joys (!) this unenviable distinction.
and yet abeboasts of having furnished
more I soldiers to tbe Confederate
army than any other State.
This year is the best opportunity of
electing an ex-Confederate soldier
Governor of . this State. Four years
hence tbe cry -will be raised that no
one Is sufficiently vlrorous to make
he campaign and too old and feeble to
discharge the duties of Governor. The
Confederates feel that this Is their last
chance to have one of their number
our Chief Magistrate, and therefore
they are terribly in earnest and have
selected as their candidate one who is
in every respect worthy of being the
Governor of our grand old State.
All true North Carolinians proudly
boast that our soldiers were "the first
at Bethel and the last at Appomattox,"
and it is eminently appropriate that
the old soldiers' candidate should be
one who was literally and truly one of
the first at Bethel and one of the last
at Appomattox. They present as their
candidate one who volunteered in
April, 1861, as a private In Company
a or tne 'tS8tnei" regiment and was
paroled at Appomattox aa Major of the
44th regiment, and who served most
gallantly and faithfully all those four
years from Bethel to Appomattox.
He la a true and magnificent type
and representative of those brave
men who offered up their lives
in defense of their State, and
is also the type and representative
of the courtly Southern gentlemen of
whom "the Old Bouth" waa so justly
proud. And with that he is a splendid
type and representative of the progres
sive business men of the "New South
land" and is one who has at all times
and under all circumstances, in peace
and in war, been true to every trust
and faithful in all things.
Are the survlyors of the gallant
"Tar Heel", soldiers asking too much
when they ask for the nomination of
so distinguished a comrade t It is
all very right and proper to erect
marble monuments to our Confed
erate dead, but why not honor the
living also I Why not honor the
dead and rejoice the hearts of the
living soldiers of North Carolina by
electing so worthy a representative of
them Governor of our State t And
especially when this is the last oppor
tunity of thus honoring either the dead
or the living.
. With all due respect to the other
m0rwjojb aspirants lor the nomi
nation, the old Confederates appeal
to the young Democratsuf North
Carolina to give them this, their
last chance, of honoring one of their
number. The old Confederate will
not long be in the way of the
younger aspirants. The "long and
thin gray line" Is rapidly growing
thinner, and our ranks are sadly de
pleted and not many years hence the
Confederate soldier will be only a
memory, and all those battle-scarred
heroes will have "crossed o'er the
river" and be at rest with their im
mortal leaders, Bobert E. Lee and
Btone wall Jackson.
Let us make unanimous the nomi
nation of that brave soldier, that
courtly gentleman, that unswerving
Democrat, and that true North Caro
linianCharles Manly Stedman.
H. A. London.
Plttsboro, N. Q, March 31, 1904.
PLAINTIVE NOTE PROM JAIL.
Reeky Point Negro Deaosstraled His Ap
pssllsg Pswer to Jsdre ssd Solicitor.
When the average "cullud pussoa"
gets In trouble and Is about to face the
court for his misdeeds, his long suit Is
his easy faculty of assuming the role
of most humble mendicant Last
week Judge Ferguson and Solicitor
Duffy received from the jail tbe fol
lowing missive from Joe Moore, who
was charged with carrying a concealed
weapon and whose strenuoslty as a
pleader, secured for him a light sen
tence. The letter Is quoted verbatim:
"Wilmington n. c march the 31
1901 dear Sir mr. Burllater and onarble
Judge: I permit (submit) to my case
and ask the murcy off The coort and
Beg to The onarble coat to Please
have murey a pon me and Let me off
just as Light as you all can if yoo
please air Be cause I was out off the
City Lemlls and did not mean any
harm and was not raisen any des tur-
bence neather was I and any Body
cross a tall and I has Bin in Jail over
a months time and my wife Is sick In
Bed and my home is at Bocky Point
N.Cand if you Please sir let me off
I will take my family and go home
and will not come Be fore you all any
more do Please for Tbe Lord sake if
yoo all will have murey on me This
time my wife is sick and my chile la
Sick two and my people is at Hooky
Point N. O. So Mr. and onorable Mr.
Surllster and mr Jage Please to you
all honor have mercy a pon me I am
now-26 years old and has not Bin In
trouble but one Be fore and It was for
fighting for my rites and sir Please
Look a pon my Poor wife and- sick
child with a eye of pity If yoo Please
sir so take it tn yoor Charge arfd for
god sake If yoo Pleue sir do theJBest
yoo all can for me an oblige
This is Joe Moore a Poor treble In
heart Boy In Jail my Lord do help me
If yoo Please sir Please sir."
"See hereP cried the editor,
"did I understand you to tell that
caller that anv old thins: would be
proper evening dress for a gentle
man?" No. indeed." replied the
correspondence . editor; "he asked
me what wonld be tne proper even
ing dress for
a gent.,,, Phfladel
Representative Bourke Cockran,
of New York, Urges Mem
bers. Not to Submit.
AN IMPASSIONED APPEAL.
The President's Recent Order la Rclatlsa
to Pessioss for Age Disability Far
olthed the Text Tke Galleries
Pilled With Listeners.
. By Telegraph to the vrmit Star.
WABHmaTOS, April 9. The recent
executive order of the President relat
ing to pensions on age disability, to
day furnished the text for an impas
sloned.appeal by W. Bourke Cockran,
of New York, to the members of the
House to uphold the dignity of that
body by refusing to submit to what he
alleged to be the usurpation of the leg
islative authority of Congress by the
executive. In anticipation of Mr.
Cochran's speech, almost every seat
on the floor was occupied and the gal
leries were filled to overflowing. From
the moment Mr. Cockran began to
speak until he had concluded, he held
his audience in a manner that gave
evidence of their Interest In his first
speech since he returned to Congress.
ir, ne said, the resident's order
s recognised by the House "what
fragment of power Is left to the
House." By one stroke of the pen. he
declared, the President had appropri
ated 130,000,000 and he said it was a
matter with which Congress must deal
if it has any regard for its own powers
or if it be animated by a shadow of
loyalty for the constitution which
created It. He vigorously asserted
that "we are here at the parting of the.
ways." and inquired, "It this order be
tolerated without protest by the House
what power is there that the executive
order cannot usurp; what fragments
of control over the country's purse?"
Continuing.he said "that this pretence
of interpretation of the law is but a
hollow mockery and a play of words,"
and he added, "it is known by the
man who. wrote it as shown by the
In his opinion the steady decline
In the dignity of the House had at
tracted much attention. In sarcastic
vein he declared that the President al
lowed Congress the privilege of declar-
ng war, and he was loudly applauded
by the Democrats when he added:
But the President makes war when
he chooses to."
If this condition waa hopeless, he
said, amid more Democratic applause.
if we cannot rescue ourselves from
the degradation and deceptitude into
which we seem to be hurrying, then
we had better leave the condition to
be lamented rather than to. be dis
cussed." The Congress, he declared.
had so lost caste that to-day there was
not a paper outside of Washington!
was gave more man one or two para
graphs about Its proceedings. .
"wnynasinis aeciine come upon
us I Why hat this deceptitude over
Amid an outburst of Democratic ap
plause he declared that when the
House shall stand on its rights, "the
greater will be the security of liberty
and the wider the progress of human
ue charged that the House nan been
remiss in its duty In not asserting Its
rights. He received vociferous ap
plause from both sides of the chamber
when he declared, notwithstanding
Speaker Cannon's utterance, that public
opinion must come to the rescue of
tjongress, "the public opinion of tbe
United Btatea is here. We are its
agents, Its creation." Balsing bis voice
to a high pitch he said that the uouse
la tbe sanctuary of our constitutional
temple. We are the priests to whom
It is entrusted, and, he added, pointing
his finger at the Speaker, "you sir, sure
the - high priest, responsible for the
method in which that trust shall be
He declared that tbe President's or
der was the usurpation of power "not
by appropriation, but by interpreta
tion," which he attributed to the pu
sillanimous failure of Congress to do
Its duty to itself. Congress had con
trol of the purse and if it would exer
cise that control, he Insisted, every
privilege that belonged to it will come
back. He dwelt at length on the in
alienable right of tbe House to origi
nate revenue bills and urged the
members to assert that right.
He attacked the rules of the House.
and said that if th members were not
to be trusted, "we ought to be abol
ished." He also spoke of the system
in vogue of Introduing bills and peti
tions by "silently dropping them Into
a basket, as if, "he said, "you were per
forming an act of doubtful propriety
to be carried on surrenutloualv." He
further attacked the rules of the House
which, he said, forced members to rise
and discuss questions haytag no refer
ence to the bill under consideration.
"thus reducing the whole proceeding
to the level of opera boutfe.'
Beverting to the President's order.
Mr. Cochran contended that -the sec
retary of the Interior justified the ac
tlon upon the precedent or f resident
Cleveland. "Well, air," he said,
pacing up and down the canter aisle,
"if that be sr, then In Ood's name
let us condemn that act of Mr. Cleve
land's as vehemently as tbe act of any
isepuDiican rresiuenk" xne aiaposi
tlon to justify almost everything by
pleading "that Mr. Cleveland did It,"
he vigorously declared, "Is the highest
of compliments that can be paid to a
man by any Congress In our political
Continuing he said: "You tell us
Mr. Cleveland did it, and therefore it
must be resular. If this act was com
mitted by Mr. Cleveland." he said.
"the confidence which he enjoys adds
to Its danger and does not lessen It."
He closed amid a storm of applause by
appealing to both sides of the House
to unite on a declaration of rights.
beyond which the aggression of the
Senate or of tbe executive shall not
The President and tbe secretary of
the Interior found warm supporters in
Messrs. D. tV. Qrosvenor. Gibson,
Galderbead. Lacev and Hepburn. The
former maintained that it made no
difference bow many millions of dol
lars were Involved in the President's
order, because the secretary of the in
terior distributed tbe money voted by
Conarress pursuant to the rules of evl
deuce established by the pension bu
reau. Mr. Qrosvenor believed that the
country and the old soldiers would ap
prove of tbe order, and that the money
necessary for putting it Into effect
would be Included in the forthcoming;
Deficiency bill and would be support
ed bv a majority of the House.
The debate was upon a resolution
11 w . - .
Introduced by Mr. Cockran directing
the uommlttee on the Judiciary to In
vestigate the recent pension order. - It
had been reported from the Committee
on Bules with a recommendation that
t He on the table and this was adonted
by the narrow majority of three votes,
tbe Speaker having his vote recorded
in tne amrmatlve. . .
Three Benublicans. Messrs. Oush-
man, of Washington; Ltttlefield, of
Maine, and McUall, of Massachusetts,
voted with the Democrats against tab
ling the resolution.
la the Senate.
In the Senate to-day. Mr. Soooner
took occasion to renlv to the Demo-
eratie strictures upon the conduct of
the FOstoffiee Department, and before
he concluded had traversed quite an
extensive political field. He defended
tne course of tbe postmaster general In
connection with the irregularities of
his department, and charred that the
euTonoathe part of- Democratic sena
tors to secure a congressional inquiry
was In the Interest of nartv oolitic.
He also defended the President ar alnst
the charge of violating the law, which
he said had -been made by the Demo
crats, declaring that In nothing was
the President so much distinguished
as his determination to enforce the
Gaatonla is to have a public
On account of the prevalence of
smallpox compulsory vaccination has
been ordered at Concord.
Work is being rapidly pushed
on the Charlotte and Durham Rail
road between Plttsboro and Greens
Ground was broken on Wed
nesday for the new union railroad
station at Durham. J. P. Pettlgrew ,
& Co., of Lynchburg, Va., are the
A movement is on foot among
some -Northern capitalists, which
makes it not only possible, bnt very 1
probable, that an electrlo car line
connecting Concord and Charlotte
will be built. Parties Interested
have agreed to put np $200,000 if
local capital to the extent of tlOO,
OOO can be secured.
r- At the recent burial of Mr. L
E. Avery, city editor of the Char
lotte Observer, which took place at
Morganton, a slight, girlish figure,
clad In black and wearing a widow's
veil, attracted attention. It was
Miss Nancy Forney Johnston of
Birmingham, Ala., Mr. "AveryV fi
nance, whojarrived yesterday morn
ing. The wedding was to have
taken place on the 28th of this
month, and in the last letter that
Mr. Avery wrote he spoke of his
great happiness in the love of this
splendid young woman. Her pres
ence in heavy mourning has been
one of the most pathetic Incidents
of this most sorrowful occasion. It
is announced that Mies Johnston
will at once institute proceedings to
change her name to that of the man
she loved and mourns. n
Winston Sentinel, April 6: In
the Federal Court at Greensboro
yesterday S. A. Hauser, of this
county plead guilty to the charge of
counterfeiting. The Telegram says:
"His counsel, Capt. R. B. Glenn
and Judge Starbuck, of Winston,
madeycouvincing pleas In behalf of
Hauser, and Judge Boyd was pre
vailed upon to deal with him with
some degree of leniency. He gave
the accused, who submitted to the
charge, his choice of paying 1500
or going to prison for twelve
months." He chose to pay the fine.
It is learned that Alex Osborn,
who six years ago killed a man nam
ed Sluder in Ashe county, has been
captured and will be tried next
week in Ashe Superior Court. Geo.
P. Pell, Esq., of this city, has been
engaged by the defence.
Stateaville Landmark: The Im
pression has prevailed for gen
erations that a note dated on
Sunday, or other legal contracts
made on Sunday, are void under the
law. But tbe North Carolina Su
preme Court has decided to the con
trary in the case of ttodman vs.
Robinson, from Pender. This in
volved a contract made for the sale
of land on Sunday. Chief Justice
Clark writes the opinion of the 8u
preme Court. He says the North
Carolina statutory law prohibits any
labor, work or business on Sunday
In one's "ordinary calling," and if a
deed or other contract made on Bun
day is not in pursuance of one's or
dlnary calling, then such contract
Is not in violation of the statute and
Dunn Guide, April 5th: A
nnmber of the members of the Dem
ocratio Executive Committee met in
the court house at Lllllngton Mon
day. The meeting was called to or
der by the chairman, Hon. W. A.
Stewart. After several compliment
ary and timely remarks as to the
progress in Harnett under Demo
cratic rule by the honored son of
Harnett, Hon. D. H. McLean and
others, it was decided to call the con
ventioo of Harnett forthe first Mon
day in May to appoint delegates to
the State and to the District conven
tions, and to fix the time for the hold
lng of the county convention. It
was found that great hope for
grand Democratic victory was in
evidence from all sections, each
member bringing good news and glad
tidings from the four quarters of the
Rocky Mount Record, April 6:
syiphia Barnes, a colored woman
about 60 years old, was run over and
killed by the train that, runs on the
Nashville branch, between Rocky
Mount and the Falls, Friday. She
was sitting astraddle of the rail,
eating fish, and the train was back
ing to the oil mill. Several on the
train and one person nearby saw her
and tried to warn her by hollering
and the person on the ground nearly
reached ber In an endeavor to pull
her off the track, but it was all in
vain. Tbe woman , was so drunk
that she did not pay any attention
to the warning and the car struck
her in the back, killing her Instantly.'
Her whole body was mangled and
she was cnt in two. 8he died with
a smile on her face and death was so
instant that she must not
known what struck her.
By Tttegraxfe sons juntng Star.
- Watibbubt, Cohn., April 9.
Four boys, suspected of connection
with a robbery in Lanesville, Conn.,
Thursday night,- when 112,000 was
stolen from the home of " Henry
Davla, were arrested at their homes
here to day. About $8,000 was
found in their possession. The boys
are Fred Blodgett, aged 16; Ed war I
Welmer, aged 19; Samuel MoOorm
iok, aged 18, and Benjamin Plant,.
20 years old. -
John Turner, 15 years old, had'
been arrested at New Mllford,
charged with complicity In the
same robbery. ' He is said to have
made a full confession and took the
officers to Brookfield Junction, ,
where the found $1,200 hidden un
der a stone wall.
All the boys are members of
respectable families. According to
the story they told the polloe, John"
Turner was In Waterbury a week
ago, and told them he had seen
Davis counting his money through
a crack tn his bed-room door. Some
one suggested that they rob the
man and the four boys accordingly,
walked with Turner to New Milf ord.
Thursday,; while Davis was away
from home, they pried open the
window of his bed-room and taking
a trunk containing the money,
carried it to the woods and opened
it. They returned to Waterbury
last evening and were soon traced
by detectives. After their arrest
they told the police where the money
was hidden. The sum of $10,213
was recovered. Davis Insists that
he had about $12,000 in the trunk.
EX-QUEEN OP SPAIN DEAD.
Graaimothcr of KIsg alfense Died at tier ;
Resldeace la Psrls DsDjblers st
By Cable to the Homlnx Btat.
Pabis, April 9. Ex Queen Isabella
of Spain, grandmother of King Alfon
so, died here at MS o'clock this morn
ing of Influents with complications.
The American embassy which is oppo
site the paiaoe uasuile, on tbe avenue
Kleber, the late queen's residence, was
early Informed of the queen's death
and Ambassador Porter waa among
the first to call and algn the palace
The Infantas Isabella. Eulale and
Maris, daughters of the late queen,
were at the bedside when she died.
The queen had been afflicted wltb
the grippe for two months, which
gradually affected the lungs. Last
night she became unconscious and
the death agony began at 7 o'clock this
morning. The three Infantas and
Prince Ferdinand, of Bavaria, husband
of the Infanta Marls, were summoned
to the bedside, but the dying queen
did not recognize them.
The papal nunoio was summoned to
administer the last sacraments, but
owing to his absence from Paris the
last rites of the church were admlnis -
tared by the vicar of the church of St.
Pierre. The queen's death followed
shortly afterward. Prince Ferdinand
immediately telegraphed the news to
tt.e King of Spain, to Foreign Minister
DelOasse and to all the European sovereigns.
It is understood tbat lt.iDg-AJ(nB9 -
Will HA( MAUI. tA ITmHM fftW itlA fllfl. .. I
eral, as he did not come for the funeral
of his grandfather. King Franols, who
WW AAM M.1.B inri.ITT Ml . UWW .W. BUW .
died in April, 1903.
Tbe deceased aueen had been one of
the conspicuous figures of Paris since .
she left Spain. After ber abdication.
In 1870, she continued to live with
queenly magnificence here, giving
largely to charitable and religious
IS A BID FIX.
Yeast Man In Jail for KUUai His Sweet
heart sad Her Father.
Br Telegraph to tht Homing 8Ur.
Jacksoh, Miss., April 9. Ed.
Gammons, a young white man, was
brought to the city to-day from Wa
ter Valley, where he was arrested
for killing Jake Ktmaey and his
daughter near that place. He was
brought here to prevent his being
violently dealt with. Gammons is
well educated, and to-night ac tne
city jail he freely admitted the kill
ing, saying that Klmsey had forbid
den him to marry his daughter, with
whom he was in love. He says he
did not Intend to kill the girl, but
went to the house to tell about hav
ing killed her father In the field.
He says he does not know what
made him shoot the girl, unless it
was that she cried. He said he was
in a bad fix and expected that he
would hang for his deed.
COB MITTED SUICIDE.
J. Slssley Patker, of Dssvtlle, Shot Him
self at a Hotel le Qreessboro.
By Telegraph to the Horning Btr.
RiLEiaB, N. a, April 9. J. Stan
ley Parker, aged 28, of Danville, Va ,
blew out his brains In the office of
Olegg's Hotel at Greensboro at 7
o'clock to night, dying without regain
ing consciousness an hour later.
Parker was married on Wednesday at
Pelham, this 8tate, to a lady from'
Boanoke, Va. It is said that upon his
return to Danville that night he re
ceived notice of his discharge from his
He came to Greensboro yesterday,
saying he was on his bridal tour to
Atlanta. To-day be walked Into the
office of Olegg's Hotel, wrote four
letters, placed the muzzle of a pistol to
his temple and shot himself through
tbe head. "
One of the letters, addressed to his
bride, expressed regret for tbe deed,
which nevertheless felt obliged to per
form. The bride is prostrated .with
grief. , '
NEW YORK BANKI.
StateaMBt of Clearlsg Hons Averages for
the Past Week.
ttj Telegraph to the Morning Btax.
"New York, April 9. The state
ment of averages of the clearing house
banks of this city for the week shows :
Loans $1,038,533,000 ; increase $15,835,
900. Deposits $1,085,512 30; Increase
$18,143,400. Circulation tS 5. 622,800;
decrease $1,257,300. Legal tenders $71,
193.S00: decrease $514,100. Specie, "
$233,101 400; decrease $388,700. Re
serve $394jb4,00; decrease $803,
800. Reserve nq-ired $371,878,300;
lacTPete $4,085,650. 8nrplas $33,
oi k jon. i.fttft ii fisa 650. EiU 8.
have ( deposit $36,948,750; decrease $4,835,