Skip to Content
North Carolina Newspapers

Fayetteville observer. (Fayetteville, N.C.) 1851-1865, December 23, 1851, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

-» I ourselves of Aiueiicau power and pvowt*fe, , ing of !)!,h?”vi>i^h SPEECII OF MR. BADGEPx, OF N. (\ i ami our capacity to contcn.l ^vith the world ^ve not all know that ,s _ J On Mr. Srtrnnri Rtnnliition to Wt U ome i />LO:>SUfh. Air. l>Al'»:i.K In Sknatk—Dkc. 12. m arms. us look at this question a.s it is prosentod to us—upon its intrinsic merits—:uul what is it? As I have .stated bol'ore, gentlenu'u liiive admitted—as is we uudersto.Hl it? We to«)k it for grant ed, the outbreak in Hungary having V.pen i rushed hy tlie power of the Czar addeil to that of the Kmporor—the country being Wlun the Congress wherh'eraanntte.ror'not—that they ' re«t(.red to its original :T the IStates is » ailed upon to award a high ; reasons why this rcso-! t> suhiection, and sti ipP‘ d ot , 3 ,1.0 ««r of 1812, or duu.,g U.0 rcocut «ar 1 StuU,, but to lie k of the jMiiutor | far M I ea.. to,»»l;c» »u,ODg lh,m a Bpjr-1 «f •»!;"»ily- . N.,.-, , ‘Jm, .Mexico, oncof y...r?o.„.„:,ndor, I,,,.! ' fvou, Micl.iga,, [Mr. Ca..,] .hat »a, U,_’.tlTri':::.?":’;;?.'''''''--..:';”''' gained a victory, and Congrees, by resolu tion, exprcps>ed the sense of the nation up on the subject, I pray you, sir, were the thanks of this body expended njKin the commander-in-chief, and were the officers lulit>n should 1k‘ adopted. The resolutinii projioscs in the name aiid on behalf.-f the Am-'iican peoi.le, U. hid Louis Kossuth welcome to our shores. Several rcas,ms have been as.signed why we should adopt this course; and I wi 1 ' inocoed to offer some remarks upon each —an iioTior, acconling to tlie estimate of the Senator from Florida, who has jut taken his seat, higher thtin the hight'st tri umph that Ivome. in her palmiest days, ev er awarded to her compiering heroes and s(>n.s—it is certainly but reasonable to ex- ]H‘ct that tho jrrounds upui which such a demand is made slumld be clear and maui- fest. And surely, without troublins: our-1 ^Viiilfirst it is said that, by the joint selves with any investigation as to what are I adopted by the last ('ongress, supposed to bo the musty doetriiies of j>re-; jiavo tiikeii an initiatory stej>, which cedent, we have a right to c.^pect th.;t gen- ,.^.,juirrs u>!. in point of consistency and tlemen who ask this at our h:\uils shall as- . t’ollow it u}> with wliat is u w pign the reasons why we should now. lor a : p,-,,posed. .Now, sir, that I tieny; and 1 seeoud time, olier the coiitempiateil honor ^ kiiow no l'ett r nietliod by which we can to the individual who is named in thi.' re.Mi- ; (.jj,, what we did at the l ist .es'ion of lution. And uentleim'n have felt that then; was ail obliijation ujton tlu-ni to pioiluce the reasons Vor tlie.-e jmnv'edings. My hon. friend from Illinois [.Mr. P-.uglas,] yestcr- dav e\eniug, who sitined to eonsitler it (’ongre^.-^, ami id what, theretiiri', we m-i\ consider ouim'Ivcs as ]>ro)n'i'ly ]>b'uged as a con.seijHeiici." ti> «lo, th.iii b_\ loiiking at the languagi' ol tlie lesohitioii. Mv honorable frirnd frtim Michigan of it privileges ami exemptions we .supposed that Kossuth, languishing in ii Turkish ]irism, was ilesirous to come to liiis »‘oun- trv to eniov 'V>*h us a common freedom to* ))artake of the protection of our laws, and to do what he could not do in Knrop‘ —live a peaceable and a ha]')>v lite, and die a piiet and Christian tleath. J hat was all, sir. This was not a resolution passed lor the lu'nelit ot Kossuth, tin' late goveriKU- of 11 nilgaiy, hv way ot doing him honor in the character which hi' had lately ' sustained. U was not a resolution wuicli bt*ars upon its laeo tlu* slighti'st allusion to the fact th:it for a short time he had h(‘(‘n : iiosse.>i.sed t>f ami had exerci.sed the .sovcr- : eign power in Hungary, It v,;.s lioni.' ' Ko»uth, as an exile in ca)>tivity, and .■cck- : ing lt> escape from the inaiispicioiis coiidi- ' tion of Muiopean ailairs, ami to jdari' liini- ‘self as a resilient anl as a dtMiizeii upon an teny au executive measure—a lueasurc recom mended by the President in his message. Now, sir, so far a.s that is concernel, it seems to me that no two things can be more distinctly and clearly separate than ■ the I am if to \V(. ‘ir.: '-"m,. i I .‘iohliers who served under him forgot- | what is contained upon this subject in the . No, sir- the thanks of (Congress were I President’s message and what is contained i always bestowed upon the coinmander-in- in this resolution. ■ k ^ m « If* .#'.1 : future contests which may arise between but 1 am not willin Hungary and Austria—intervention in or- vote any man who cotno der to Kay that you will not permit the Czar vors to commit the citizrn>! of llu.f-ia to interfere. Now, .«ir, the whole to intervention in the character of the case is changed. We iu- other nations. At tho vited Kossuth to come here for purposes I're.sident, in off, ,|,j chiet\ ami, through him, upon all the olH cors and stildiers who served undci him, and by whose aid ami assistance the victi*- ry had been achieved. Is it not so always, whciievt'r we vote medals to the command er-in-chief ? al pay to i personal to him.self; and he comes and di.s- mean to cast any rejnviai li l ■iltl.il,- strange ami unreasttnable that this rc.sohi- j-AJi-’(\,ss] said he .eouteil the idea of ap- | our sliores. No man can successfully deny tion should provoke the least discussion— j.Iyinji philoloL'V to this investigat = ..n.— that. that gciitloman himself, who .st'emed to vijf- , idea of apjilvinr jdulology, criti- j There wr.s a reason why Congress shoidd 1—the rule bv which we ascertain the j ha\e Ih'CU desirous that tlu‘ I’n'sidi’iit po.se that the O)>position to this resolution, and the di.scus.-.i(.n of it, could be accounted for bv no other iva.son than by su] po.ing that this Scii:!te always discusses every re solution that ct ines before it—that gt'iitle- man, with this >entence ot ccusure u]>on our ]pro\ ions dismssinn still warm uj)on his lip>;, himself plunged into the midst of th.it wliieli he condemned in others, and «>ecu- piel the Senate with a spet'ch, to wh’eh 1 listened of co\rr.e with great }>Iea.'Uie. as I always do to whatever falls fn ni that distin guished gentleman, which oceuj'iid •[uite a considerable ]>ortion of yesterday s sitting— a spei'eh of wliieh I will .siy it hpMiLlit no new topics bcf>>re the .Vmerieau .''eiuite up on this sui’jeet; it urged no new argument; it ]>rodueed no m w '.tateuicnt; and was made in reply to no lu w antagonist wh'i had a]>pearcd here. l>ut it w:;s a reitt ra- tion for the fourth, lifth, or sixth time of argument.s—I will not .'.ly whicii had be(“ii a>^ well expressc'l l.\' oth».‘i>; iiiti) the arena of such a critiei.-m as that 1 dure not \i n- tur*.—but which Merc well and foicibly cvpresscd bv others. Now, knowing a 1 do that the honorable gciitlem:in, win n he speaks in thi> chaml>er. always sjcak> to the binly before him. aiil >eeks toenlight- t n and guitle our opinions, and has no ul terior ol>ject or purpose before his mind, 1 have felt by the remarks of his the ."frong- i>t possible Conviction fasten upon ni\ mind that the friend^ ol this r-, ' lution have thought it neccs.'ary to a>’g:. ' ‘lae reason for its adoj ti.in. And I must ,'ay that when I li.->tened to that hnijoraMc senalor, and al.so \. heii I hail Ii>reiicd to other liouurable senatois—my friend from Michigan [Mr. Ca>>] in ]:articular—I have felt another conviction fa>ten up'n mv mind, vii: that while they w, re dccpiv im- )>re.'>ed with theextrt iin- iiocessity tor pro- dueiug rea>on>. they fovjrv»l it u v.-ry iliili- cult ta.'k to do so. Now, 1 wi^h to >ay in the comnieiu'c- inent of wh.it I l.aVi- to say t-;. the seiia'i upon this subjecr, that it dis nsion has befU proiluced here uj)i>n thi re?oliiti(in it is not to be charged to tho^e of us wiin are opjMised to it^ aib’ptioji. \\’hcn the Sena tor from New ^ork, [.'Fr. Scw;:rd] iu the discharge of the high duty w hich he felt to be imji-^.'cd u])on him, thoiiL'’ht pr('|>er to introduce his re.«olution, he acceinpani- ed its presentation to the Senate with a long, elabftrate. and soul-'tirring ap]» al. which wa.s calcubitod to rouse our I'l eliiiL's. excite our j.assions, and, for the tini*-, sus- jiend the calm c.>:erci>e of uur jud^nii'iiT. And when, after ttiis storm of pas..«ion had .-ubsided, and we w^ re at length ;;liow. I to excrci.se our own judgment*", unimp> d. d by the misty vi.-ion.-* of graudeiir, tenor, and glory with which his inijKissiom-d clo- '(uonoe had surrounded the subject—w hi-ii V e were able once more to resume the x- '•reisi? of calm unh rstandiiig, aid, in tiie luiguage of my friend from Wisconsin, [.Mr. A\alkcr,] to take a e;ilm ;tii>l di'p:i>- sionate \iew of this subject—was it to be expected that, eiffertainiiig different oj,id. ions, we could in ju.sti'ce to our-^ehi '; and to wliat we believed to be the true inter- e.st.s of our country, fail to a.^siirn the rea sons to the Senate for that difference of Opinion? ere we not called upon by consideratioiis of high rcppect for tin? hon- ornVjle and t’u.stingui.sb«-d senator from whom this resolution jirocci'iled, for the honorable and distinguished uentlenveu wh » .supported this re.'^uhition h_\ theirelo- quence anl arguments—were we not bound inde])endeiit fit all other con''iderations, out of a flue resjiect to them, to ,s;iy w hy we could not go with them, when it is al ways a matter of reluctaute with us to ih- jiart from them? What i.s contained in j avows that he conies for any purpose per- 1 can understand tl the mes.sage is not a recommendation of | sonal to himself. We inviteiJ him to come ter of the man; I t,.i. any kind. The I’re.sident was de.sired 1*Y ! here as an emigrant, to live among us. He what he has >a’.ii—tl,.,r ' Coufrress to have these Hunirarian cap-! eonies here, but says: I come nr>t in any peojde were ready l y liu,„irpV!t tive^broutrht to this country in a public j su( h character; I come upon a political sands to jmn his standard; .„„p' t;l,ip. He had, in compliance with that • mission. 1 place niy.self before tlie people ral. His heart i.^ houii,] j “ ' We'cive^^^^ "f Congress, caused them to be , of this country, and .seek to stir tliem up he lives tf»r Hungary, j,„.l i,;' the sfddicrs; but the thanks of j brought here—that is, to be taken on board | to give me pledges that they will supjdy tne that he may die t.,r 11,.,,^, 1'^- (’onM-ess, the expression of the .sense of j of one of our public ship.^—“•>-> were : the eountrv, in behalf of those who have j laily expected at the .served her faithfully, and added another | mes.sage was «leliver(;d leaf to the laurel which embraces her brow, j state nothing less th , , . , . i> ^ \i i> ■ , ■ ply to coijimunicate to ('ongress the l;ict ot its branches, or by fuir legisi.-ition, to l>ut, Mr. I re.si,U.„{^ ^ ! that he had caused the.se cat.tives to be show that they desire, or that we should uiion to vote for a ie..,lu;;„„ , j brought here, and that (’ongress shouhl pa.ss, a resolution of this character. one to our shore.s wl,..’h;,, ; now say what further action' thry would 1 It is one thing to W( h ome him as a dis- opinions—who h;:s ni:i.J,.' Uake in' the matter. 'I'he I’resid.'nt does i tingui.sh(*d foreigner, come to stay here a- lie announcement of l,i. j.m,'’ I not intimate that ho wishes one disj.osition mong ns; it is aiu»ther and a very different ready to carry th-m int., 1 or another to bo niad(? either of tlu in or , thing to welcome him as a i»olitical agita- most jiowerfnl aj.poiils i v. i v-vj, I the subject. Hut (d‘ course he was • tor. And whatever else m:iy be said, .Mr. not help seeing tiuit th. I obliged to inform us, as our 1'resident and I as a genth niaii, that he had done what we i had desired him to do, and that we >hf>uld j now make wliat further disposition of the It is, to be taken on board • to give me pledges that they will supjdy tiie that he may die h»r l|i!,|.r,,.^' jjl,jp3—and they were '■ means tf> make any intervention tipon the understand how natund it j' ' le time the President’s part of llii.ssia of rif) avail. Now, I .say should set k " li.it is lu-an en;d. And he ( imld that there has be^en nothing done by the his heart, without coiisi(|^,-:,|,| lan he did state, sim- executive jiart of this government, in any (|uences to others. ' " have always bi'cn voted tu all, in hov.e\er humbh‘ a station, who have particijiated in the gallant deed. And yet, here are Mr. Kossuth’s asso ciates—not I suppose his .servants, but 1 sii]ipo.s(> his (‘(juals, in the senst.* in whudi we understand the term. I presume the}' are men whose hand he tak‘s, whom lu“ does not keep at a distaiic*', and compel to a]>j)ro:i(di liim in the attitude ot hum ble .servitors; and yet, when Congress had rctpM'sted this ii.ti iposition ot the l*r('si- meaniutr of laiiLTuaire—to a tjiustion »d the ; slienld transport Kossuth and his asso- interpretatiori of lai.gii.igi ? .'ly honorable | i iates here in a juiblic ship, w hich would dent to briuL' Ko.-suth and these very a.s-1 subject we should ileem j.roper. not occur again—at least it never has here tofore in the case ot any other person dt>- siriii!^ to I'lnigrati'. W e all ku»w that th»‘ 1',1’meror of Austria considered his enter- t:t;nmi'Ut in 'I’uiki'y as an olb'iiet' to him. We know that lu“ demanded that he should be t Npelle.l from 'I'urkey by the :inthority of the Sultan. We all know that hi' .sought to sei/.e him and bring him within his ju risdiction and authority, in order to .-.ubject bisiuit: ••.^lr. Uo>.', you can't tell how lum to such punishment as he might deini many hiseiiit there an* in that ].late with-| suited to the oecasion. it was therefore imjiortant that when the SuUuii gave per- frieiid mU't have a very singular idea ot the office and puip“ses of ]diilology, and seems to have maile a .similar niistake, with referciue to that scieiu'c, to one which was (>uee maile by a very respectable but tl'tv old gentleman ot my aeipiaintam-e with re:jr:ird to the seienci' ot arithnu'tic and numbers, w ho bccame t \tremely ot- tendi’d when he w:is ca.'Ually tr-ld by a frieiul, j.oiiiiiiig io a j'late containing three i will now rtd’er to what my friend from Mis.^issippi has t'xpl:iine«l—the b-sire of the Secretary of State to have this resolii- w lio are iijij)o.~ed to broU::ht some iieW, out counting them.” “NNliiit!” said lu‘, “dll you nn‘aii to say that I can't tell there are three bi.^euit in that ]date without coniaing them? ’ lie rejeeted tlu idea that countTiiir, eoinjiiit.ition, arithiiKtic, was nece.'.sMy to aseutain numV^is. I kuow my friend did not mean tiuit. Hut why lid he use that hiirli term? ^\’hy dn! he go into this anglicised (ireek wi rd, of which many of our constitucn'- know- nothing. and which will lead them to im:;- gine that tli»t‘ of us this ri solution, h.ive .-traiii:'-. Kaib;'rous machinery here, whien wc had borrowed, jierh:i[>s, from - im- of tho-o Kur-pean th.-p-’t.-, and which is to tally unkiMun to our country? hy, .'ir. wc caiin.'t aseert.tin the lueaniiiir of aiiy- thinir that depends upon words without au ap]‘lieatI.iU t the rules of philology to it. lUit d.id m\ friend uu-an to imply that there w.i> ;;hy di-j.osition to wliat i.'called h\ pen ritiei.'m?—that i', to bring to the c :i- sideration of this resolution a reliiLtiitit di.— jiositii'ii to uiulerst.ind its meaning, and a disposition to cavil u]>on it? If h dl I, a> w:i>ju'fly .-aid by the senator fr>m i'h'riila, not now in his scat. [.'Ir. .'lallory.] there is ui't a .'laidi'w i.f fuun lation f"r the (hartre. And vet I may be ]-eiiui-d t- sav that, al'hough 1 slp uld not f; el niy- sclf jii'titied in applying to any oriliiiaiy ie>olnti"ii cl act ('f Ci iiL’ie." any j>articu- lar strietii’ S' i.f intcrprct.ttion—tin ugh 1 am not di'p >(d to a]*)'y it to thi.'—yit there wiiuld be noihing very unria>onaLle in .'Uch :i pnH t s'. when wo recollect from whom that j‘>inl res..lution proceeded. It came fr"i:i my h ui •raMe friend from .'lis- sis'ijijii, [Mr. 1' Hif,'.] l:;iow n to u> all for his extreme exactnt '.-- in the U'O i.f lan- giiMire; and theretore it may w. 11 stainl out as an exc •ption Iroiu the general h*'^isla- tioii of thi' I'l'dy. and w*> m;iy Lave a riirht to tri’ut it with ii!ore cio'cnes'of cx.imina- li>>n, with more severity of in.'i -tiL'ation, than v.e shnuld bc'iow uj'on rc'i.lutioiis prM'C''diii>r ti'oiii another p rsnn. Sir. we all kiii'W that that honorable '.-naf-'r has a jilaee in .vhat he writer f.riviiv w..i.i, aii‘l he will excuse m- f'T saving that we know he ha> also a Word t -i [Ii lu^hter.] Mr. Fkiitk. (in hi' si at. ' A fair (b fi- nitioii of ‘’proper word- in j>ropcr pl.- .-es.” .^Ir. II>1.i;i{. undcrstoiMj.— Now, sir. it i> imp.."ildc, in mv judiiuient, if 1 uinh r-tai.d the u-e . f the Ku'_dish language a it is inter| ret.-d North and South—it is iiupos-i],lf that th‘ re can l,-e any m:stak>‘ aliout tlur under'taniiintr of ( ongress at the time when thi> resolutiv.n V,as adopted: [Hi ri* Mr. r>. re;i.i tin- jiri :iail>lc iiiel resnlii- tion I.f FeJ.riMrv IH'd. luTet..f..re ].n).iislii-.!. ] Now, sir, the preamble of that ri*solution asserts in the fii-^t j>lace a f:iet, and th' u alleges a contingency, upon whi' h contin gency, and upon whii h alone, the epera- 1’ mission to tlu' I'.Cile and hi' associates tu lea\»‘ bi.« domiii.oiis, it they desiiiMl to it>me to the I n.tiil States as einigraiifs. v.e 'hould put tlu in under the protection of our flag, which wouhi i fbclually pre- \eiit the Austrian power from becoming J. '.'c.'si d of this man. Tiii,' lieinir the Stati' of the ca'c, I de- 'ire to know upon what authority gentle men ^ay that, by th;it re> 'hition, wc liaM- invi'ed l\i'"Uth to nur sh> i .'1' U tli. re a w' rd in it xpre."ive of iinitat; n? Is tht re a w.'rd in it w hich declare' tii;it the pe. j !e t'f til.- I nite 1 ,tatcs .le.'ire that he should come to our sliores? Not i.ih', sir. '1 he coiiditii u impo.vi il 1 •, the word // was to be 'olvc.l hefore this puhiic ship was placed ;it hi' I harge; and there is nut in the resolution a word to intimate tha; the I uited .'^tates c;ire«i ai;y!hing whether he decided to come or m t to come. It is nothing but thi,-; '1 his man is iu eajitixi- IV. N\ c undcr'tand that he want' to ci*m '. W e know th.it. under the exi.'ting state of fhiii'is, if he haves Turkey for this »onn- tr_\. without coniing in a piiMic >hip, he may he iuterru]>ti‘d in the cxeici'e i.f his frie wish to coiui ; and iherif'.ie We ti n der to h.iii uii oppoiiunity of coninig un- dt r the protection of the nalional fl.tir of the Cl untry. That was all. He w.is no ill’.itvd guest of the nation- not a l.it more the iinitcd true.'t of the n.itioi: than the humi.le.'t emiiriaiit that lea\c' tie shores of l,.ur"[ie ami linds himself in the port of New ^’ork. And, sir. if the tact of t harg- inir that shij* with the duty of bringing Kossuth and his comp.inions to our sh ires —if the tact that he Was l.roUi:ht to our shores in tiiat ship—could have i-ou'titu- ted him tl,.’ guest of the nation. In did not come in the .'hip. He left it at tlibraltar, and made hi' exciir'ion to Ihigland. lie left his a'>ociatc' to come under our Hag. an 1 he con;.•> here aftcrwar.ls in a pri\att‘ |>:ick ■?. How. tle ii, is he to be distin- liuisiii il in tin particular to which 1 am re ferring from :;iiy otiier emigrant that .seek' our 'hor* s. 11.' can iu no wav he ilistiu- giiishe.l. ()iiiiT men who come here are more lanu’olc; they may not iiave .•(chieved a name; they may live and be kn »wn in the htth I 'lcle that surrounds them here, aiu I then h. forgotten forever, while hi'^ ii.inie may remain and be pei petu.itcd by the pen of hi.'fory to succi'ediiiLr ireiiera- tl' U': but so far as a generous desire to gi\e ur hospitality to those who neeil it, to suecor the iiistres'. .1, to offer a refuge to the persecUIed, extend.', l/>uis KoS'Uth st.inds no particle higher than the meanest and humblest dow n-ti oihlen indi vidu.il from Kurope who ever reai hed our shores. In deed, sir, so far as claims to our sympathy are concerned, sunly, to a generous mind, then' are particular reasons why its svm- li.ithies should be opened, and flow forth sociates in captivity her»‘, the first thing | that we hear is that a resolution is oflcred ^ by the Si nator from New \ ork to w» Icomi; i Kossuth, and turn your back upon his as- ! siK’iates. Sir, if any reason in the world j can be assigni'd for the resolution, it de- | monstrates, as a neces.'ary and unavoida- hle corollary to it, th:it the amendmciit should be adopted al.so. I do not under stand this thing; it is not consistent with what 1 beli(‘ve to be American notions of ci|Ualitv, that after wc luive sent a public ship, or authorised the use of a public ship, to bring liere Louis Kossuth :ind .some twenty or thirty Hungarians who have all fought for their country, and been exiled for their country—w ho have for their country shared a common capti\ity—we shouhl cf-n.'idir it beneath the dignity of the chief to presume to welcome the ;isso- ciates who have sh;iriil the battle-field and have iK’cu]>ied the dungeon with him !' tiial the idea of American eipiality? 1 do no not know much about it; but some of niy friiiid.' who are here, and who are much 1.l iter ;ici]Uaintcd with such 'ul jei ts than I am, h.ise .'pokcii ot a sort of Magyar —a Maguire, as some of U' call it—superi ority of race. K\cn if that is su. j supj»ose that hi-* assiK'iates are iieithir ('r^'ats nor .'s. laoniaii’^. 'i hey belong to the j.rixileged raci as well as hini'clf, and therefore I do not supjM>si‘, rejiublican as he is supjvisi-d to . fereiice to that iin itation and that idiarac- be. that he would feel his dignity exceed- ' ter that the I’re.sideiit’s nie.s.s;ige refers to iiiL'lv iii'^ulti'd if we should simply .s;iy that him. It was in reference to tliese same We are Ldad to e him, and should ;idd, onjeets th;it the resolution was proposed by We are'al.'o udad to.-iv the m,n \ou have the Secretary of ,tate to be introtluced. And whatever else m:ty be said, Mr. not help seeing tiuit m.. . Presiflent, it is no diminution of the high jiretation must he that I i,’ character which this gentleman be;irs to that character; 1 eiiilor>^. ‘ s.iy tliat it is in exceedingly b;id taste, in cal emissary; I take him to ii,y | ^ my judgment, for a foreigner wdio has just man w ho endeavor^ tn nnj^,,^ set his foot upon our soil, to come among ate in an armed iiitcrvtnri,,,! . us as the projiagandist of his nation’s cause, the interveiitiou of l!ii, to iiiH line the peojih- into the adoption of measures that he mav deem bi’iieficial to believe such a cour.M’ duty 1 owe to m v own tion introduced, his applic.ition to that sen- his country, witlumt reirard to the policy, jieople. While 1 woulil Iim],! t‘> adopt any measmes j p be just and rea.^.nahle ; towards this unfurtuuati; have invited ti ator for that purp iH*, and the introiluction and subseipieiit withdrawal of the resolu tion by him. Now, we must keep d:ites in view, in order to get at the proper objects of these various tiaiisactions. 'I'he Tr- si- deiit’s message was pn |>aied and printed, as we all know, before the meeting of Con- irress. was iu the town in which I live hefore I left for the seat of go\eminent, in the posse.xsion of the postmaster, ready to be delivi’red when he should re ei\e a tel- cgrajdiie despatch stilting th:it it h.id been deli\cred to Congress. I‘]\erything, there fore, in the I’rcsideiit's message was pre pared, written, and j>rinted, bidbre the ar rival of thi- li'Mngnished stranger. 'I’he resolution (iffcred hy my friend from 31i'- sis-iippi was eitlier offered or notic»> of bis iiiTenfion to offer it giv- n on the fir'-t day of tiii.' si 'sioii. It was withdrawn on the fourth day of the - ssion. . Thui'day. . and Ko."iith did not Ijii I in New York nntil till- dav after, (l’nday.> the day atter the ri'olution had been withdrawn from Ik re. Now, we niU'* bear in mind th.it Kos suth had b ell inxited to t his country as an emigrant; il was in that character th;it he »a' ex]« cted to arrive, and it was in rc- the laws, or the institutions of our govern ment, w hatever may be the actioil of ('on- irress in the ]>remises. Now, sir, when einigra'its come to this country to sec-k ri‘- fu'..re from abroad—come to .^ettU- here a- moiiL' us, and mingle with us and with our j>eojtle—to enjoy the }irivilege of our insti tutions, and add to the enterprise and in- fln.'trial jiursuilsof our country, so that we may all together enjoy the blessings of civil lilierty. and buihl uj> and perpetuate the strength of the country—we may well bid them welcome And, sir, when emi grants conn* to this cfiiinfry, as they some times do, who are able to n iid.er us ;i>.'ist- aiice to shed glory around this eonntry, and enable us to move in other and higher Spheres—when they are able to take and direct our armies in the field of baffle, ami add gnice and coun.'cl to the wisdom of our h gishitive boiiits, 1 .'hall ever be ready to admit th*m—a.' my friend from Illinois [Mr. Shiebls] will jM'rmit me to say 1 have, in respect to him, alread}- done—I shall be ready to admit them to a [dace t ‘ii>tiii,-:i, ini|.ersi,!iati,,i|, :-'vcriiii,.iit. I our might benefit him witlimi; iinVr, mitting us, I cauu.'t stances give my coi,..s,.m tion. And again, .'lr. I'nsii! sa;d that we owe thi,- suth as the >:r.-at ciples of free • been my fortune, .'dr. I do not claim any ere,;t t.iin j,' the subject, to h.iVe f,.ui„| a, ti. tory of Ko.'.'iith any evi.!. n. . cupies :iny sin h ]M.sitiuii, | «,• interest the stru^'jlt - l. Twc. i, \ Hungary; I felt a siacrre , Sire that Hungary sh u'.i curing her indep. i,.]. ij,^ . from the examiiiatioii 1 • it, that the I'^mporor hited the fumlimeiita which, four ccntc.rio.' .tl.^ government of Hmi;rr>rv i-., t !i f Auv„ 11 i;' Iowa. Will mv friend and that state of things continued until tlie shake tlie faliric of this Tuiim to pieces; or and because that vioLitinn ir,i five part of tiie resolution is foundeil* and , *“"':"ds the lowly, the oi.pressed, the is TO take cffei-t. The fact afliriued is the whom no one knows. I say, then, symjtathy of the American jieopjc for thesi- i *haf, there being nothing in the original exiles, and our estimate of the honorable 'csolution but a .'im|de ].rop,sition to bring I say, therefore, th;it it is out of pbieo . conduct of the Turkish government in giv- i country one who was sujiposed to be to say that it is a waste of time to subject , ing the refuge; the contingency is whether ' "f emigrating here, there is no this resolution to a free discussion. It is or not those exiles desire to emigrate to the reason—none in the world—w hy we a fpiestion vvhich ought to be discussed—; United .'tates. If they flesire to emii.natc, i should pass re.solutions weleoniing iiiiu to it:^ intrinsic inijiortanee demands it—the the I’re.'idcnt is rcfpu'sted to authorizi' the } 'bores than those thou.'ands of humbh’ circuiustames that surround it in this use of one of our shijis then cruisiiifr in the ■w ho come over here, not under chamjer, and also beyoml these walls, on-' >b.dif.!rrane;in sea to brimr thenrto the torce the necessity and propriety of so ib>- I’liitei; States. And, sir, if th-v did not mg And, if we may drop from the high mean to emigrate, it was not the intention and solemn topics which liave heen gath- of the act of (’on rre.'S that the President ered ane.ind the rcce].ti.,n of l...uis Ko.- .sl.ouhl funii.-.h them anv national ship suth and his a.'sociutes in captivity—' Now, I presume that; without any par- which have been .so brilliantly spread be- fieular d. xtcritv in this .lark, biirbluous, jore us, an hiiig the heaven.s and spang- (Jreek-derived s-ience of philology, we | mendment offenxl by mv honorable fiiend ling the himament Wi li f.ieir glory and have a pretty toh rable understanding -gia ou-ht to be attache,I to this It we could turn away from this country of what is meant by emi-'rant ; re > glad hrought with \ou Mr. of allow me to ji'k «>ne ijuesfion? Will he \‘ tc b*r the lesi'lution, if the aiii' ndineiit which he ha? .>o much at heart .-hould prevail? Mr. li.\i>i;vu. That (|Oe.tion, sir, need nut have bci-n a'ked b_\ th.- honorable .si’ii- ator, because I had already aiiswcred it, and allow me to .is'ure that x iiator that he jilaees me in no ilifliculty by a'king ijue'tions of that kind. 1 iiave .**.iid, .>.ir, and now re|K’at, that I am ojipo.'t d to the whole n-'olution. with or without the a- mendiiii lit. 1 have stated that aircioly; and theri.fbre my friend from 1 -wa [.^ir. IVnlge^ could not have asked the ipie.'tloii in order to idjtain information. \Vhat he asked it for he is best able ti» determine. ]>ut other rcasoii' weii a»i^iied in the cour'*e of this di.'^cus'ioii. It was .'aid that wi- Were eoinmifted to adopt »oiiie siich ac- tioji as this. bi'criU'e it w.is an executive recommend.ition; and 1 tliou.jlit tliat s .me of US h re who coii'idere.l oinx lves pretty 1^00.1 Whigs were rather twitti’d bv .s"Uie of our friemls upon the other 'ide, iiecause we were oppo.«ing what the l're>ident reeom- menijed. Now, permit me to n inark, in the fir't ]'lace, that it is no whig doctrine that a whig is bound to supjmrt, with or without reason, whatevi-r a whig Prc'ident nViy recommend. Now, if that doctrine ol.taiiis tiuiong our friends ujion the other side in regard to a democratic President, it would be neei’ssary for them to urge sp'>- cial reasons tor deviating from it in jiar- ticular cases, and reasons why such devia tion shouhl uot be considered :is ground for censure, inasmuch as it is an evidence that they have then stcpjK'd off the demo cratic platform. lJut wc acknowledge no such doctrine; and it would be a suffi cient answer to say that even if this be an exi'cutive recommendation, and there fore entitled to a re.'pcctful and candid d that the rc.-Mtlution was intriMjuccil; near my heart—although, sir, it may not beat in unison with it. I say I think no to that empire, and fell u!. ; r; foreign mis.-^ionary .«houId come here to in- of the IIou.se of Il,ip>)uiru'. 1! struct our jH-ojile in their duties as to for- not a contest to e.'tal.li'li r-f ;;' eiirn intions—w hether he be a member of tutions; they had no 'Ui li ni.i ; the British I’arliament, who comes to the was a war for national in.l.i, North, and delights in nothing more than war justified on the {.art of I|:; in endeavoring to prompt and stimulate cau-sc* the fundaiiieut.d jiiin’ sectional differences, and, if jio.ssible, to compact with Huiiirarv li;;> In. resolution was withdrawn. Ne'er, nntil Kossnth landed upon our shores, did we li:ive authentic information from him of the juirp'scs for w hich he came here. We mijht have dr;iwn our conclusion' :ind conjecture'* from what he .>iaid during his h isty visit to linglaiid. lJut a- to wliat was the purpose of his coming here, what he ixpccteii to aeconijdi.'h by it, we had no ;i lit hortative expositions until :ifter bo had landed in this countiy. Mr. Fuiitk, of Mis.'i'sippi. I wish, in ju'tice t.» the Secretary of State and the admiiii'tration, tu say di.'tiiictl}’ that 1 j>er- betly concur with what my honorable frieti.l h is ju't now stated. The object of (Io\«ruor K is'Uth’s visit was not sjvoketi if’. 'I'he rece})tion recommended bv Mr. w hether he be the Hungarian chief, Kos- nately jH-rsist.-d in. Ami, wii. r suth, who comes hereto extort a pledge gary had intended to estal.li'h a i!- from Us—either to m;:ke an empty boast, of her own (ir not, I shouM havt: which will expose us to the deri.'^iim of wished to see her gain the vivt..rv mankind, or else so to mix us up with the conflict. It was a coafist f r n.^’ turmoils of Kurojiean politics as to get iis dejiendence, and not for n I'uLlic u to spend the treasure and shed the blood And I doubt veiy much wlictiar,; of our free and happy people in the.st* dis- .struggles which h;ive ivi ei.tlv t.ii ; pufes, from w hich they can derive no ben- tlie idc^i ever entered l\i ,t|i - etit, terminate as they ma\'. the broadcast .-ii.iwiiig of lil..n.! v It may be, Mr. Prc>ilcnt, that I have and the distribution of Ciiaal ri...- nol got the il lea of progress. The honora- couutrymen. lb wi>hcil tu i-' ’ ble .-iiiator from New Jersi::y, [Mr. Stock- indejx-ndciit nation, to he uii'ii.r !i ton.] in speaking with reference to that niacy uf the Magy-.r niic—;i:i-1 }» dicv of non-intervention which we have SclavoriiaTis to occupy tli • mil , received from Washington, .s;iid that what that they had occupied whil.':b' j. was ]>ro]»er then uii^ht not l>c proj>er now. remained linked with Au'tria. 1 He asks, is adhering to that jiolicy pro- admits. It is a mistake, tii.r.: Webster wa' basv d upon the oriirinal rc.so- gres.'? I think it is. A man may ad- I’resiiicnf. it .^eeins to luc lution entirely, and he siiirirested mv mov ing in the matter on .lecoiint of jny being the mover of that origin,il re>,»liition. if the Secretary of State hail sup]»osetI th it any expectation wa» entertained l>v the vance w hen he does not change the road Kirs.«iu(h, in his i-tniL'L' in w hich he adva:ices. To tn;ike ]>rogress pre.senti'd at :ill. much K '' tlia it i" not nec' ssary that a man should ]K>r- peculiar emli«Klim’iit of. tin- plex and bewihier ithers by opi'iiing out Auiericin freedom, as we iiii new patlis. 1 tru.'t we shall progre.s.s u{ governor of Hungary that any .limed inter- on oKl prineijiles towards a full devt lop- veiition Was to lie afforded f>v the I’nited States in Kuroj.ean affairs, he would h.ive been one of the last men in the woiM to rei|Uest me to utfei .iny such res.dution. I do not think now thal anything of that ,'ort is coi.t; uiplated in any ipi.irti-r. .^Ir. liAiH.KK. I :un obliged to my friend for thi> e.Nplanatory stati nieiit, given with his usual candor. It seems, then, that so far as the administration is concerniHl, not only in reference to the message of the Pnsitlent of the I’nited States, but also the desire of the Secretary of State to h.ive this re.'ulution introduced, the President and Secretary of State were both ri f’erriiiir to ;i su]ipo:>(.'d emigrant coniiiii' :iniong us tor the ]turpose of settling here, and mak ing this country his home. Air. I'UD'i’K, of A!issi.s.sippi. I lu'ijr may al'sobitely potic: sui h is l»i!”i: A country aini yet de: try imiy be ai'solutcly in'lf]'-!'a' entirely ari.'toeratic; it nuiv 1 • indej.eiidcnt, and di iiiocralir. i or ri'iiul.itions by which tie ['i'.'■ itv is secured are totally liisiiiiit character from that vvliicli iiii.i:'- a soverciLnitv aii.l iiiue]!'ii'iti’ a particular resolution which furnishes a j ship to bring them, but under the general 'invitation hel.l forth by our constitutiftn and our laws to the ojipre.ssed, the pour, 1 the humble of i very state in Kurojie. 1 Mut, it there ^vero, I ask, how is it jtos- sibU' to resist the conebi^ioii that the a- ment of our powers—jirogre.ss ujmn old jirineiples towards ihe consoli.l;!tion of our liberty—fiiogre.'S upon (dd priiicij.it s to make us and keep us ^Americanized f’orev- iT. lhat is the ]irogress I want. Nor, .'Ir. President, can I consider it entirely harmlo.ss th;it ;iny person should iiK-ike an endciivor to inflame a particular portion of been said that he ref reseiit.' i b- ! the I iiited States to commit tlu nisclves to pie. 1 am willing to ailtu’t it. li measures like this. Sir, it is not ordy presents the high principle et i-t ' against constitutional policy, but against dependence, and not of n statute hiws. Our law forbids armed in- And whether that jiriiicii'!'-’h" t.'-- tervention in ail its forms, by citizens of one thing 1 think is evideiit—-t - the I nited States, either within the Cnit- be strong, to support all ’t u; ed States or on the shores of tiie Unitetl mounted u]>on its hack. States, in the affairs of foreign nations. j Sir, when this sui'ject i'"';!''} Mr. l’\»oTK, of Mississippi, (in his seat.) ered, it will be foiiiul wli' Hy t;' r - The .sedition law has been repealed. sdf into this: Louis Kn.'-uth 'V ' • ^Ir. li.vi*OKR. Perhaps it may be very here as an emigi':uit—ho consideratmn, yet there are serious groumls j t'* tiiat, it the lionorabie .senator un- f'U-tunate for Mr. Kossuth that it has been, litical cmis.s;irvf and llic ; deistoiMl me as living just now that I eon- j J'ir, 1 had no reference to the sc^dition law. is whether there is aiiytliin:.' iii sidered the .n]>plieatioii to me to have been 1 here is a sedition th:it (K>es not dejieiifl history, our present cejiiliti' ti. for the intioiluction ot a resolution ju'ovid- ujmn that statute; and although it has been ture prospects, to iinhui' ing tor tlie reception of Kossuth as au repealed, that does not make sedition hon- re.solution of tlii? kind in ' orable. I repeat, it is not innocent for a coming an avov.ed politiialim ” p man to endeavor to inflame certain por- shores. That is the gniuii l It ' tions of this einiutry. 1 was about to s,-«ij that his proteediitgs i" 11“;'- • state, when tlie anticipative genius of my like thost' which spi nner friend from Mississijipi [.Mr. Foote] so far l)eclaration of IndejKiHiciiif I'*''’ expre.ssly, more than once, that he was outstripped me by the di.scovery of that 1‘resideut, that is a gie.it mi-'-''. coming to this cfiuutry merely as a visiter, bugbear of civil law, that we have a statute fatiiers did not iucrci!'’'e tli.ir il ' - .' . and in behalf of his country, and not asan to prevent all armed intervention in this emigrant at all. \\ e have thus actual and country with foreiirn States wdth wdiich we •li- ivcr an ailflri-.s t.i fvi^sutfi; tluit alino.st „uy correct information from which to gather are at ‘peace. Now, sir when the statute for our differing from the Kxecutive, and refusing him our sup]>ort in this case. Ibit the President of the Cnited States has recommended no such thing. [Mr. Foote lieri.’ eiuerc.l into ii louj; Ciplana- tion, w’liicli, {'ur want of ri.om. we must nliri.Ijrc. He had imt said that tlu* I’re.sident reeoiiinicud- ed this resolution. He had fioen requested l»v tlie .Secretary of .^tate to offer h joint re.solutioii to raise a coiiuiiittee to ileeide, in accordance with the recoiniiieml.-itioii of the I’re.sident's iiies- sap:e, upon the |.n>]i* r mode of :iffi.rili;'.)i a na tional reoei»tion tu Kossuth. He thought Mr. WeljNter .should for nuiiiv reasons he .selected to emigrant, he misunderstooil me. Mr. H.vixjku. Oh , no! I did not sav su. Mr. I'ooTK, tit Alississijipi. If the gen tleman will look into the Uriti.sh papers, he will find that (Jovernor Kossuth stateil briyihtue: I’linsultjilion, he went to .Mr NS ohster ami unj-eil these views. Ilut Mr \V. deelineil, hoeau.''e, beiiijr .Secretary of .Stute. it forth on any such expe- on the British goverinii 'd T!k.' H claim ujion that guvenu’n^ rights of KuL^li'^limeii—d*i' they hail in EiiLd.ind, wlii' li * ^ .Mi. 15.Aix.KU. In leply to th.it, I will dition, it necessarily forbids the prelimina- tors had brou'dit with tlioui 1" , .-tate that what I meant to say was this: ry steps by which such a thing is to be demanded no'thini ' ^ i 1 1 • ■ ■ 1 ■ •' ' "J '..0-1..11. j 1 esoliit loll, and tliat the honorable semitor. • . . o , , , .■ -j —■•i.ix.n om.n n mui” i.-5 n> uc tieiJiaiuieu noiunm m.'*'. ■ t^ese magnificent and starry visions and ^ and emigration. If an Knglish or Frem h > from New York when he ,irew it, should llllf I? "'11 Secretary of St.-ite had spoken ^ produced, and if they do not fall within friend from New .lersev [Mr ,»t ».„„o of .„„nja.,e o,.,.r,„„.„s p„,,.I,i.uvo i„ .i„„ re»oi.„ion, ...It ,i,o i„-«HI,".o o h;';;',"]';, ■' \i.sit It, to look at .ts radroads, its steam- dividual names, but the names .iescriiitive "ddressed in some di.sereet, turinal luanntV bv K' • tl a lesidii ion respecting ly and indubitably are morally criminal in rights. Sir, our ivv--!uti : fjoats, Its liarbors, or to contemplat(> its ...... » os^n • .... » . * .... i. .i • ,i • . .... . v. ..... piveriinieiit, to look into the condition of its peoj>le, weilo not call him an emir.rant. whiidi are to come before us in our juditi cal future, soon to becomi; lii.->tory—could wc^ consider certain tlisposal.s of certain ininent jinliticnl offices which in a short time are to l,e made by the American peo- ])le we would find additional reasons why, it we can allow uur.'elveM to subside frym ijitive of all those persons w ho were embraet d iu the original act of (’ongress which gave rise to th? ]*roeeeding? ^I'iu? resolufion of tin* ofl’acrs.] ’ ’’ wished this their character. 8ir, what does the gou- claimed, before th^' I 3lr. IjAixtKU. I will ask tlie honor.-ildA oflered to him as au intended tleman want these men to commit tirem- neiidence. no ri-dits but the ri: >ense view of this matter. I atrree what wa« said by the hon-rablo from M i.'.s,'ii hiis. ffs, [.>lr. Sumner,] wl addres>;ed the .‘'i nate a few ,„ur„._l w , , ;"i >" ‘.n-.,r.l ,hc.„ .1,0 f.cilily, i„ a f„r J :'"'"'-"'"'K 'I'O- ■ .'P-ol-war, coming l.e.o, in ordor >I,hI flirtris cv.-r ''''i''”;" ’• '‘ty I'oconic .lomicilcj. Tiial is ,-.o>v..r. „„.i d,il';:“-"’"‘koauo jnoauiug of tho lh"s« lar'fe and c''* ’ ‘ - When we speak of emigrants, we think we the last Congrc’ss makes no distinction at all among them. The Pre.sident is re- ijuested to fuinish to each and all of them, i.‘; Hungarian exiles in captivity, a passage to tiiis country. It includes Kos.suth and his assficiates in cajitivify. I say, then, what a strange spectiicle we exhibit when our friends on the other side resolutely re fust* .o permit the assficiates of Ivftssiith to be incorporated in a resolution of welcome to Kossuth! ho is Kossuth tliat it can be considered a degradation to him to jmt alongside of him iu this resolution his as- sociates? If the a.sswiation be not offen- siye, if he w'as willing to keej» company with them, to be with them, to be prison- ers toirether. to recoiv«‘ t hi*ir have a clear and distinct meaning attai bed , . to the term. It is a luaii who liaves Ku- the torrent ot excited feelings into which | rope and comes to our shores with a view , we have been plung.-i we should present ! to make our eouiifry his himie—who comes | to tiiis country to the Ameneaii Jm: j.lc what we tluiik i» to .settle aniong us, to Income one of our \ eommon- ' people, to enjoy the jirivileges and profec- ill : tion wiiich our laws give him, and nlti- ■II itor ; mati'lv, in due time, and at no very di.s- ] who taiit day, to be allowed to p;irticipate e- , . * »t . ,i • • ‘‘J-'*.’',‘1”’^'1'1with us in all the i>olitical juivi- I.S suh)eet, that thi.s is a ea.sc which re-j leges conf. n-d by the constitution. Then A .M T' • 1 to w h.un did this resolution apply? It ap- V' .-l / that It; plied toKo.s.suth and his compinions In thHii ih f l ^ "“‘""T rr.tlier captivity, desiring to emigrate to this coun- et^of th r ’ P>’’'l;r'- try, ami to nuike it thefr home. It •xtensive de.lara* on.-* I.y ^ .Now, Mr. Pre.^ideTit^ besidcB the mean- the Secretary of State. iiitoi mation from him that he was comini in any other character when that last licit tiif arlia'“*'”'' . aper resolutifms?— fere, and concede or re.storc . Printed protest.s, or protests writteu upon right, until they fouiid that ''j' . parchment? How much do 3'tm suppose mained that bv that inetli'^'i tu they would sw'ay in their action the mind could either be recovered . of Kossuth? and then, as the last rc.-ert, _ tJ'ov ..n ♦ iV 1 ■ Y” ■"*”*'-> j sir; the moment we take that ground, them.selvcs independent. ; Iiiiglit liarc done, with the powers that be iu tlx^ ft?.?* is clear ujion that moment wo occupy the position which ly waited au hour after tliat Mr. Foote, of Mi.ssissippi. Certainly T ' whatever was his exposi- withdrew it without any con.sultation with we had no authoritative [.\ud Mr F. went on to explain, that the friend. ' ' ‘ ‘-•«J‘'r*icter wfien that last res- ofthe .VilmiuiBt ration did not concur, n« tJ.^v ?!i IV. therefore, AV usliington; and that he himself wiiB rather un graciously treati.il, &c. &c.] the record that the} referred to an emi- he desire.s—I do not say what gentlemen before tlu'y formed oonstitiifi"" . b * ' : COIIteiuTkl:ltA l.iif ivlitif fiA a till' ^ together, to receive their affectionate ministrations and their affectionate synipa- fhies, my opinion is that, if he has the soul of a man in his bosom, he will resent the ide;i of a compliment being jiaid to him which leave,'; them out. When, during . to I jdca.' i althougl , rcforenco to .h:.t ,„.i„, «.„e ...isa-pprehc.;; i pop^* :’\.i;'i:en"o?’v j Bious have nrevailed which this opportuni- munity; but I aui here as I ty euahleg huu to rectify. fnr- ‘ • your com. ourselves in a position in which we must out of which they were a mere visiter I ferenee to the introduction of that resolu- I tion under the sanction of the Secretary siter eithor advance or ingloriously retreat. In they not ri'sort to that iprove- tact, if we abandon the policy of our eoun- Siuvly they did. They strut •al nii.s- tr}', •nnd involve i.urselves in this ime.stion, terrial forms of the niouarcli; . T , , .in.— , .out j.ivuive i.urseives in inis ipie.siion, lernai lorms oi me nulli n'^. nf agitate among the we shall ere long find ourselves in a situa- vided, by repuhlican i,;.;;' pe >p 0 ll^ country, and to endf'avor, sy tion of which no man can see the extent securitv of their riirhts—ri^l'^'' h.Kl whi con! had vritl by restj stre| the: sho led, hop iud* '] ing duel do Avh_’ moil has I wli_i the litii out: thi.' on the| hi. thi.' as i^, SOIIJ cotil aU.f gre. as il the! 1 this fe mai fir ]ire! the and wil] dial .s’.ib sho wit d' sioi ly I relll me; — sob if il )>' »S' lie : the hill the selv vob m V: wl'll Am .-llld to tha dea gar the 2 occi mil tioi Noi wh= of. .‘^tltl

North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.

Digital North Carolina