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"THE PUBLIC GOOD SHOULD EVER BE PREFERRED TO PRIVATE ADVANTAGE."
Lincolnton, North Carolina, Thursday, December 2, 1847.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY
Terms. Two dollars pei annum, payable
in advance; $2 50 if payment be delayed 3
months. A discount to clubs of 3 or more.
Advertisements will be conspicuously insert
ed, .i $1 pei square (14 lines) for the first, and
25 cents for each subsequent insertion.
Lincoln Business Directory
Court Officers Superior Court--F.
A. Hoke, clerk. Equity W m. Wil
liamson, clerk. County court Robt.
Williamson, clerk. VV. Lander, Soli
citor, it S Johnson, Sheriff. Caleb
Miller, Town Constable.
Register, J. T. Alexander ; County
Surveyor, J. Z. Fails ; County Proees
ssioner, Ambrose Costlier. Trustee,
J Ramsour. Treasurer Public Build
ings, D. VV.Schenck.
Building Committee J. Ram8ot'.r,P.
Suromey.John F Phifer, and H Cansler.
Lawyers Haywood VV. Guioii,na.n
st. one door east. L. E. Thompson,
main st. east, 3d square W. Lander,
mam st. eBst, 2d square. V A McIJee,
and IV. Williamson, offices at Mc Bee's
building main st. 2d square, east.
Phy 'xns Simpson & Bobo, main
at., wet. D. VV. Schenck, (and Apo
thecary, main st. iwo doors east. E.
Caldwell, eat of Female Academy. Z.
Butt, office opposite McLean's hotel.
A. Ramsour notanir mainst. west.
Merchants-Men S Johnson, north on
square, west corner. J. A Ramsour.
on square, north west corner. C. C.
IIenderson,on square,(post office) south
J. Ramsour iy&jii,main st. 5 doors west.
R E Johnson, on square.south west cor
tier main st. R lleid, on square.soulh
east corner. IJoke & Michal.on square
Booty Shoe Hat Store Horatio
Tnomson, main st., on 2d square, west
of court house, north side.
Academies Mnle.T J Sumner; Fe
male, unoer the charge of Mr Newson.
Hotels Mrs Motz, s. w. corner of
mam st. and square VV. Slade, main
st. 2d c-irner east of square. A. A.
McLean, 2d corner, west, on main st.
B. S Johnson, north west, on square.
Grocers VV. R. Edwaros, main st.
east of square. Jmies Cobb, so. east
corner of Main and Academy st.
Tailors Moure & Cobb, main St. 1
door west of square. A Alexaiidei, on
square, s. by w. si:e.
Watch Maker and Jeweller ('has
Schmidt, main .st. 4 doors east.
Saddle and Har ness Makers J. T.
Alexander, main st. 2d corner east of
quare. B. M. dc F. J. Jetinn, on eq.,
north by west. J. Ad. Jetton, south
west on square.
Coach Factories Samuel Lander,
main st. east, on 2d square from Court
House. Abuer McKov, main st. east,
on-3d square. S. P. Simpson, street
north of main, and n. w. of court house.
Isaac Erwin, min St., west,' on 2d sq.
James Cornwall, main st. 2d square, w.
end, south side, corner. A. Garner, on
main st. east end.
Blacksmiths Jacob Rush, main st.
': 5lh corner east of court house. M.
Jacobs, main st., east end. A.Delam,
r mainst. near east end. J. Bysamie.r,
' back st. north west of public square.
J. VV. Pay sour, west end.
Cabinet Makers Thomas Dew &
Son, main st. east, on 4th square.
Carpenters, $fc. I) oie! Shutord,
mam sr., east, 6th corner from square.
James Triplet:, mam st. M'Bee's build
ing. Isaac llouser.mam st. west end.
Welis, Cuiry & Co. main st. eat end.
Brick Masons Wili's Peck, (and
plaisterer) main st. east,4th corner from
square. Peter llouser, on east side of
6treet noi ih of square.
Tin Plate Worker and CopperSmith
Thos. R. Shuford, main st. east, on
south side nr 2d square.
Shoe Makers John lluggins, on
back st. soutii west of square.
Tanners-Pdi Kistler, main-st. west
end J. Ramsour, back st., north east
of square. F & A. L Hoke, 3-4 mile
' w ?stof town, main road.
fat Manufactories John Cline, n.
from puoiic square, 2 doors west side of
st. JohnButts & son,on square, south
Printers T. J. Eccles, Courier of
fice, 5 doors north of court house, Is!
and Ford" road.
Oil Mill Peter and J E Hoke, one
milesuoth west of town, York road.
Paper Factory G. & R. Mostcl
or, 4 mi!e3 south-east oleourt house..
Cotton Factory John F. Hoke &
L. D. Childs, 2 miles south of court
Vesuvius Furnace, Graham's Fore,
Bievard's, and Johnson's Iron works,
LimeKiln Daniel Shufbrd and oth
ers, 9 miles south.
Letters for trie above to hp. rtftrlrtssrrl
to the Uncofnwn Post Offiee.,
WHE I AM CJOIfE.
Air Longi Long ago.
Ramble the hills where in youth you did
When I am gone, when I am gone ;
Visit the place where we oft net to pray,
When I am gone, &c;
Think of the Parents who taught us to .say
"Protect U9 oh! Father and guide U9 the
But shed not a tear for your friend far a
way, Wrhen I am gone, &c.
Shed not a tear o'er the place where I lie.
When I am gone, $-c..
Let not the slow-tolling bell make you sigh.
When I am gone, &c.
Weep not for me though at my grave you
Jesns has died all the faithful to save:
Think of the Crown all the ransomed shall
When I am gone, -&c.
Plant ye a tree that may wave over me,
When I am gone, &.c.;
Pause and rejoice if the green spot you see,
When I am gone, &c;
Pause if you pass on the calm cool of day,
Come, while the eun sheds his last g-olden
Sing and rejr-ice that I thus passed away,
When I arn gone, when I am gone.
From the N Y Com Adve rtiser.lfhh inst.
Horrible Story of Shipwreck.
Yesterday .e published under cur
marine head a deplorable account,ofa
shipwreck, given by survivors from the
wreck of the schooner Caroline, Capt
W'm Sn nh, bound from Savannah for
Bath Captain Smith arrived at Boston
yesteiday morning, and furnished the
following to the editors of the Travel
Captain Smith states that ho left
Tybee Light, mouth of the Savannah
River Oct 24th. On the 26th, took a
heavy gale of wind romN E and sprung
a leak, in lat. 32 43. ion 77. Laid to
all that day. At 7 P M was thrown on
her beam ends but on cutting away the
weather lanyards she righted.
On the 31st, spoke barque Isaac Mead,
Brown, from Savannah fur New York;
the barque laid by us from 7 A. M to 4
P. M., but a tremendous sea prevented
them from rendering us any assistance.
Our provision and water were all stored
in the trunk cabin or deck, save one
barrel of water in the run. By the dis
aster, both provisions and water were
carried over board, save that below,
which was impossible to get at. Thus
we were without food or drink.
Our only shelter was one berth,
which re.Tained of the cabin on deck,
the hold being full of water. Three
days after, Henry Hughes, one of the
crew, went on deck and was never seen
afterwards; he was probably washed o
On the 3d inst we caught water en
ough fniti rain to last twenty-four
hours. From that time to the 10th
were totally without water or food, and
began to fee! as if death was very near
us. The gale had lasted 8 days. VVe
had nothing to eat for ten, or to drink
for six days. VVe then began to discuss
the question of drawing lots to see who
should suffer death to save the lives of
It was agreed that we should use
sticks. VVe drew, and it fell to the lot
of an Irishman, named Charles Brown,
who fiad S. D. marked on his arm. He
was a largo athletic man, weighing a
bout 157 or 180, had shipped at Savan
nah, and was unknown tc the rest of the
Ho alone was armed with a 6healhe
knife, which ho drew, and declared he
would plunge into tho heart of the first
one who approached to carry out the
fatal chance. Upon this the captain re
tired to the cabin, saying he would have
nothing more to do with ihe affairyhink
ing that they were all near their end.
At this moment a boy named Elughie
Rose, of Bangor, Wales, aged 16, 6poke
'up and said that the youngest should
die first; this free will offering was about
to be accepted by Brown, as the captain
with the boy went into the cabic. Cap
tain Smith states, that as he threw him
self upon the berth his eye was attracted
to a handle sticking up near, which he
thought belonged to an adze. He told
the boy to fetch it, and it proved tc be
Thinking that something wrong was
about to be enacted on deck, be followed
the boy when he returned, and saw
the boy seized round the waist by
the now desperate Brown, with the in.
tontion of makiag him the victim. At
this moment the captain states that
ho felt gifted withextraordinary strength,
stepped forward and drove the adze twice
into the head of Brown, and he fell dead
It is supposed by Captain Smith,
from the fact that SD was marked upon
the arm of Brown, that he shipped under
a feigned name. IJe was about 35
years old. .
After he was dead the Captain bled
and dressed him. His flesh was partly
cur into thin strips and laid upon the
deck to dry. But the crew did cot hun
ger for food, water being their chief de
sire. His blood was used for drink un
til the morning that they were taken oifF,
when about a pint remained, which had
On the morning of the 13th, early,
three vessels hove in sight, one of which,
the brig Tampico Capt Brown, bound
from New-Haven for the West Indies,
took olTthe three survivors viz: VV illiam
Smith, cf Biddeford Maine, the captain,
Horace Smith, of do., the mate, (Iugie
Rose, of Bangor, the boy preserved from
death by the action of the Captain.-
The two former were transferred to the
Br schr Splendid, and arrived at Phila-
delphia, as stated in the other article.
The boy was retained on board the
Tampico, the captain promising to take
care of him Capt Smith states that if
IJrown had submitted quietly to his fate,
they would not have had the heart t
have killed him ; but he did not think it
right that ihe boy running one chance
for his life, could after all become the
victim, and he appears to think that he
was suddenly gifted with strength to
An idea may be formed of the near
ness of death to this unfortunate crew
from the fact that the captain's feet and
his nails both turned black, and his nails
have not as yet obtained their natu
ral color. The blood of Brown pro
bably saved their lives, as they subsis
ted un it two whole dys.
The Caroline is a total loss. She
is insured at the Neptune office, in this
city, for $5,000.
No Land like America. The Hon
Mr VVinthrop, of Boston, who has re
cently returned from Europe, addres
sing a political meeting in Faneuil Hall,
last week, said.
" He had recently returned from oth
er and distant Idnde. He had stood in
the halls of world-wide-renown; he had
stood in the hall where Chatham fell
dead, while vindicating,in burning words
of eloquence, the cause of the American
colonies and of American freedom. He
had been at Runny mcde, where the
bold barons wrung from King John the
Magna Charta the constitution of En
gland. He had stood on the field of Ban
nockburn, where the Bruce won the
liberty of Scotland; and on the 4th of
Juiy last, amid the wild hills and moun
tains of Switzerland the landofTell
ho had in company with a companion
and countryman, toasted once again his
native and beloved land. But, amid all
his wanderings, he had seen no land
like his own land no hall like Faneu
Hall no plains like those ofLexington
and no rock like that of Plymouth."
The razor strop man holding forth at
the Agricultural State Fair, was thus
addressed by a young man, who thought
himself remarkably smart "You're a
fool." Ono more left, of the same
sort" said the razor strop man, pointing
at Inn presumptuous individual.
Description of Chapultepec. Cha
pultapec having been cap'ured by the A
mericans, after the most desperate resis
tance ever made by the the Mexican ar
my, the following account of that place
cannot fail to prove interesting:
ChapultBpec is the Aztec for "Grass
hoppers Hill." it is a porphyritic rock,
rising near the former rot-rgin of the
lake that surrounded the city of Mexi
co, and is one cf the places designed
by the Aztecs where they tarried on
emigration from the north in search of
a final resting place. Their oracles had
foretold that such a resting place would
be denoted by their seeing an eagle
devouring a Berpent on a rock, and at
Chapultapec this prediction wa9 verified.
From it they beheld the eagle on one
of the rocks in the lake, devouring a
serpent. The event was at once symbo
lized on thfr flag and coin of the nation.
The bill is surrounded by a belt of noble
cypress tree3, one of which, known as
Montezuma's cypress from having been
planted before or during the reign of
that Prince, measures fifty one feet in
Chapultepec was the favori.'e country
residence of Montezuma and his cour
tiers. It contains remains of gardens,
groves, tanl;9 and grots, which bar ev
idences of it past magnifience. Here
Montezuma retired from the heat and
dust of the city to enjoy all the luxuries
that wealth and power could procure,
or art devise. It was selected by the
Spanish Viceroy as the most beautiful
place in the vally of Mexico for a royal
residence, and the modern palace (late
ly a military school) was built by the
Prom this nalAceone has a charminjr
j view of the whole valley, the capital,
the lakes and volcanic mountains which
rise in the distance like a great wall sur
rounding the enchanting picture. In An
glo S.ixon hands thi valley may be
made aa impregnable as Gibralter.
Bombs or cannon planted on the hill
of Chapultepec command the city, the
principal roads and the aqueduct
Hence the attack and capture of that
point by General Scctt, before making
any demonstration upon the city. Once
on the hill, the taking of the city could
be effected without serious loss of life.
Com Stockton and Gen Kearney
The St Louis Republican of the 5th inst,
contains a letter from Com Stockteo, in
vhich he positively denies a statement
which has been published in most of the
papers of the United States, that he
was not "Commander if Chief" of the
United States forces in California on
their march from "San Diego" to the
"Ciudad de los Angeloue," in January
last. His letter is accompanied by a
letter published by him in California in
March last to the same effect, and sus
tained by statement signed by a number
of army and navy officers. Lieut.
Archibald VV Gillespie, in his endorse
ment of the fact, says, that he carried
orders from Com Stockton as commin
der in chief to Gen Kearoy, and thst
during their march from San Diego to
the Ciudad de los Angelos.Gen Kearny
told him himself, that he recognized
Com. Stockton as Commander in chief.
The Republican also gircs the sub
stance of a conversation with tho Com.
modore, in which he tsgrted that Gen
Kearny declined to take the proffered
command on their march from San
Diego," asserting that jie would rather
serve as 6ecnd in command, and havisg
previously offered his services to him
as aid. When the Commodore arrives
at Washington he declares it to be his
intention to demand a full investigation,
which will doubtless add to the interest
of the Fremont trial Baltimore Strti.
" Young woman," said the Rer Dr
Befecher, "whenever you see a young
man niblir.g at cloves or nutmegs, on
entering a church you may safely say
that youth has taken a dridk." True,
nine cases ojt cf ten!
Kew JLa.7 Dictionary.
Actios. Actions are of two kinds,
civil and criminal. To MitVyour neigh
bor's note at the bank is a civ?I action,
and a heavy offence against the laws of
decorum and gravity. It is a rule of
law that mcit personal actions die with
the actor, as where one by accident
or design, blows out his -hrief candle
with a pistol or other summary ex tin
It was anciently held that -ell real
actions survive the person," but thi
doctrfne wag somewhat modified by
Chief Baron Shakspere, (Jul. Cses. Act
3, Sec 2) wbo dietinctly affirms that the
rule is only applicable to actisns of a ro.
prehen3ible character or "real bad
The Evil that men do, live after them,
The Good is oft ioterred with their booes'
"Obstructing one's ancient light" is a
ground ot action; but for obstructions
of the liver," a legal remedy has , been
advised, which seems an unaconntable o
mission of the law.
If a man sells a horse and warrant
him to be a "good fun to go, "and it turns
out tint the beast has "no action" to
support the warranty, the warranty will
support an action.
Actt of Agents, It is a maxim of
the law, Mqui facit per alium, facit per
se," which means that when one pro"
curea another to do a certain act, he
cannot shift the responsibility upon the
agent, but must "face it himself."
Aisumpsit from assumo signifies
any promise to do or to pry; 4, Co Lit.
1)2; and the promise ned not be exprots,
but may be intended or implied. Thus.,
if one wrongfully take my horse, I am
at liberty to icaiv th tort, i. e. lay it
aside by n graceful motion to tho court,
and sue in assumpsit. For the law in
tends that the thief proraiesd topy mo
for the horBe, which inUMidment, since
the rogue intended no such thing, is
vary kind ri thoavr. This however is
a matter of fiction to which the law is
extremely partial. See Novels of Jus
tinian. VThenever indebtedness is shown, the
law presumes an assumpsit or promise
to pay. IndctJ, the presumption of the
law (as well as that af ihe lawyers) is ex
cessive, and sometimes manifestly ab
surd; as where the law presumes that e
very man is master cf his own wife
for which violent presumption it has
been recently htU, (in re Bumble et ux
or Oliver Trist.) "that tho law is aa
Where monsy ij paid by mistske,
(which ie not comrson, tha mistake gen
erally consorting in noa payment) as
sumps it lier, and provided the adverse
witnesses do not lia alio, the plaintiff
will recover bc3h his Money. But it is
now settled that where ono pays money
to a public charity under the mistaken
notion that the dntticn would be pub
lished in the Catetto, assumpsit will
net lie to recover bee; the money.
Attacht.:r.i "An atiachmtnt,"saitli
Lord Coke, --ie a cornpurtry process
to bring s mm in court," and herein it
manifest the mercy cf the law, which
confine. this arbitrary po-rsr to the dis
cretion of ttics and learned judges, who
will not lightly isue ttio process at the
instance of impellent widowa and deeper,
It is note-wortLy that in the Court or
Cupid cttachcent should regularly pre
cede tbe'dechration.'whibin the King's
bench tho contrary is the usual prsctice.
As to the grouzi of attachment in the
former court, tho rule rserat to be une
qual nou uncertain. A manor in some
caM has been held "sufficient ground"
for a very strong attachment, while in
others, all the manners in the world
vould hive been displayed to no pur-
Tall TWe.-There are treea so tall
in Missouri that it takes two men arxf a
boy to look to the top of them one lookf '
till he gets tired, and aaotbtr tomaxerj(
ces whefe ho leftcJL