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H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
kihtou ani rnoi'icienoit.
On. squars. on. I1aertl1.11, -
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Onciy, one ?... - -
One aquarv, two liiMrtloan,- 1.10
Oua wiimrrf, im.nMi, 2.AV
PITTSIi01i() CHATHAM CO., N. C, FHIJUrAFi V 12, 180.
Vr largfi ailvf i tiMnifiil. 11lt.raUulitia.tA will He
To the Bereaved I
BEST OF MARBLE.
Good Workmanship, nd Cheapest and Largeat
Variety In the BUto. Tarda corner Morgan and
Blount streets, below Wynn'a livery stable
Address all communications to
CATTOH & WOLFE.
Rileigh, N. 0.
Te boats of the Express Steamboat Compa
ny will ruu a follows front the first of Ooteber
until farther notice:
Bteamer D. MCncilI.sON, Capt. A!onaOr
rison. will Irate Furetteville every Tueeday
And a fiuRV at o ocijcii a. m., ana TYilmlui
ton every Wednesday audSatnriay at 3 o'elook
tftaamer WAVE, Capt. W. A. Iloboeon, will
leav tuyettoviilo on Jlundaya aud Tbnradayi
at 8 o'oioc': A. M., and Wilmington on Tnee
days and Fr.iiays 1 n 'cloak P.M., connecting
with tbo iVoMcrn K-.iiroad at FayettevfJle OB
ii i uueeunyM Bug .sair.r avs.
.r. t. rrti.i.i.t.Hs : t o.
Agents at Fiijetteville, N. 0.
Rockaways and Spring Wagons
Al 1'rliM'H la -ull llir Times,
Made of tbe Lost materials, and warranted te
give entire satisfaction.
roxsi i.t unit oirx mxteueht,
Uy giving us a call before buying.
Also, a full lot of
Hand Made Harness,
A, A. McKEIII AN & SONS,
oc34no6 8m Fawrttvrille) X. (
JOHN M. MORINC.
Attorney at Law,
tlorlngaTlll.', C hulhRm Co., N. C.
jons m. ioniNi,
ai.fbfd a. Momsii,
MORINC & MORINC,
Attor noya At Xj-X7-.
irit ii i, . c.
AU businosa intrusted to them will receive
THOMAS M. CROSS,
Attorney at Law,
PITTfIIOKI', .N. V.
Will praetiao iu Cbatham and aorrou
eonntiea. Collection of claim s, specialty, ding
Certain and Reliable!
HOWARD'S IXKAUJIlLK WOULD RE
NOWMM) KF.MKDI FOK WOItM.S
I' now for alo by W. I.. London, in I'ittihnro'.
Ail those wbo Rio annoyed will. Ihose Peta
aro advised to rail snil pet a package of tliia
v.luaMo roniedy. TIuh compound is no bum
bng, but a grand success. Una agent wanted
in every town in the State. For partionlars.
addienn. enclosing S rent stamp. 1'r. J. M.
HOWARD, Mt. Olive, Wayne conuty, N.C.
H. ACLOrmON, Jr.
Attorney at Law,
8n'"3pocinl At'iii'l:m 5 '.. i ! t
UALEIG11, 5. CAR.
T. n. CAMERON, l'rntJmt. '
W. JC. AM)ERON, riet Pru.
W. II. IIIC K8, SM-y.
Th only Homo Life Icenr&nce Co. in
AU IU fond loaned out AT HOME, aud
among onr owu people. We da not tend
Hortn Carolina nioney abroad to build up other
Btatea. It la one of tlio most tuccoiful cotn
panlna of Its n in tliu United Stau-s. In
aets are amply aulltclrnt. All lotirs paid
promptly. Right thousand dollars paid !n Iht
lost two yeara to famlliss in C'hathnrn. It will
cost a nau aced thirty yar o:ily fire esr.ta a
day to insure for one thousand dollars.
Apply for further information to
H.A. LONDON, Jr., Gen. Agl.
riTTsnoho n. c.
J. J. JACKSON,
riTTSBORO', X. C.
P0T A II business antrmatad ta aim wilt rs
ealTs prompt attention.
W. K ANDERS'lN,
P. A. WILKT,
CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK,
J.D.WILLIAMS & CO.,
Qrowrs, Commission Merchant and
FAYf TTEVILLE, N. 0.
After (lio Ihliniit-h.
Afli op by tlio waybide! the night balh been long,
Vile wan revel, yetvilor the noig.
Do not diaturb her, poor waif of thoduet:
Christ ! that her Bleep were thesleep of tbo just
Ob, it is sorrowful! she is not old,
Vet, is tbo silver usurping tbo gold!
Where, in their parity, lilies have shono,
Sin, with its shadow, hath marked her its own.
Hato-not the waking: too soon it will como
Hint! she is dreaming of ohildhoodand home;
Tbo woods and the meadows, of brooklets
Ghosts of tbo vanishod, but innocent hourr!
'Mother' she whispers: Oh, QoJ! that the
Might barn on tbe lips of the daughter of
Till tbo soul, that is shrined in its temple
Bhould purge to its doptbs from the bnrden of
Asleep by tbe wayside! Tbon soul of tbe world,
Take up the stone, if thon wilt, to be burlod;
Vet, nnder tbo law of tbe pure Kazarene,
First lot tbe hand that would hurl it be clean.
Aeleep by tbo wayside! Oh daughter of shanio,
Wbo bnt thy Maker Bhall measure the blame?
Boiled, and bestained by tbo shadows of night,
Ojce were thy garments as pare as tbe light.
Frond of thine honor, and proud of tby birth:
Frido of the heart that encirolul tbe hearth:
Fashion bent to tbee, and thought thee divine:
Wealth was thy portion, aud boauty was thine.
l'ronc, by the wayside, in equator and dirt:
Fashion sweeps by, with a gatheriug skirt,
Andashndderof fright lest it see, by the way,
Itself, bnt too plaiu iu this mirror of clay.
Ob, bat tbe nkios muxt be weary and sick
Of our holloweet words, when of justice we
Since over it is that our lashes are swung
At tbe back of the victim, and not at tbe wrong.
Despised by tbo wayide tbo harlot is found,
While tbo maker of harlots is futted and
Iiy tbe baud of tbe mothers who nurture tho
That fills up tbo ranks of tbe daughtors of
Tbe roses aro fading; tbo lilies havo come;
The eyelids are sealing; tbo thin lips are dumb
Only one word 'tis of him that betrayed;
Aud dead by the waysi.lo the harlot is laid.
Dead by tbo wayside! the night will be long!
Wako her ye cannot with revel or song;
Bear a baud tenderly take her away,
None but her Makor shall judge bor to day.
Sot tbowhito headstouo.yet spa.ro bor the name,
Chisel no word that shall tell of tbo shame!
Finger of charity, write on tho stouo
'Bho was but huniiu,' aud leave her alone.
A HEAVY BURDEN.
'Hither a heavy burdou, iuii't it my
Clarence Hpcncor, to whom tho worda
had been aildressod, turuoil from the
loJgcr, and looked toward the speaker.
Clareuce was a young man not more
than '25 and he was bookkeeper to Sol
omon Wardle, a plonsaut-fuceJ, keen
eyed man of 50, who had spoken.
'A heavy burden, isn't it?' the mer
And still the young niau wax'silent.
His lo jks iudiuated that he did not com
prehend. He had been for somo time
bending over tho lodger, with bis
thoughts fur away ; aud that his
thoughts were not pleasant ones, was
evident enough from the gloom on his
'My dear boy, the burden is not only
heavy now, but it will grow heavier and
heavier tbe longer you carry it.'
'Mr. Wardle, I do not comprehend
I certainly do not.'
'Didn't I call at your house for you
Clarence nodded assent.
'And didn't I see aud hear enough to
reveal to me tho burden you took with
you when you left? Ton must remem
ber, my boy, that I am older than you
are, and that I have been through tbe
mill. You find your burden heavy, and
I've no doubt that Sarah's heart is as
heavily laden as your own.'
And then Clarence Spencer under
stood; and the morning's scene was
present with him, as it bad been present
with him since leaving home. Ou that
morning he had a dispute with his wife.
It had ce jarred at the breakfast table.
There is no need of reproducing the
scene. SniBse it to say it had come of a
mere nothing, and had grown a cause of
anger. The first had been a look aud
tone; then a flash of impatience; theu a
raising of the voijo; theu another look;
the voice grew higher; tho reason was
unhinged; passion gainei way an l the
twain lost sight of the warm, enduring
love that lay smitten and aching down
deep in their hearts, and felt for the
time only the passing tornado. And
Clarence remembered that Mr. Wardle
had entered the house and caught sight
of the storm.
And Clareuce Spencer thought of one
thing more; he thought how miserablo
ho had beeu all the morning; and he
know not how long bis burden of nnhap
pitiPHS was to bo borne.
'llouestly, Clarence, isn't it a heavy
and thankless burden?'
The bookkeeper knew that his em
ployer was his friend and that he was a
trne-hearted Christian man; and, after
apaune, he answered, 'Tea, Mr. Wardlo,
it is a heavy burden.'
'My boy, I am going to venture upon
a bit of fatherly oounael. Ihopelahall
'Xot at all,' laid Clara a o, Ha wiaead
a littlo, at though tho probing gave him
a new pain.
'Iu the first place,' pursued tho obi
man, with a quiver of emotion in his
voice, 'you Jove yonr wife?'
'Lavo her? Tes, passionately.'
'And do yon think she loves you in
'I don't thiuk anything about it -I
'Ton know she loves you?'
'Then yon must admit (hat the troublo
of this morning carao from no ill-feeling
'Of course not.'
'It was bnt a surface-squall, for which
yon, at least, are very sorry?'
A moment's hesitatiou, and then
'Tes, yos; I am heartily sorry.'
'Now mark me, Clarence, aud answer
honestly: Don't you think your wife is
as sorry as you arel'
'I oan not doubt it.'
'And don't you think sho is suffering
all this time?'
Very well. Let that pass. Yon know
she is bearing part of the burden?'
'Tes, I know that.'
And now, my boy, do you compre
hend where the heaviest part of the bur
den is lodged?'
Clarence looked upon his interlocutor
'If the storm ha 1 all blown over, and
you kuow that the suu would shine
when yon next entered your home, you
would not feel so unhappy?'
'But,' continued Mr. Wardle, 'you
fear that thoro will be gloom in yonr
homo when you return?'
The young man bowed his head as he
replied in the affirmative.
'Because,' the merchant added, with
a tiuoh of parental sternness in his
tone, 'yon are resolved to carry it there!'
Clarence looked up in surprise.
I I carry it?'
'Aye; you hava the burden in your
heart, aud you moan to carry it home.
Remember, my boy, I have been there
and know all about it. I havo been very
foolish in my lifetime, and I have suf
fered, until I discovered my folly, and
then I resolved that I would suffer no
more. Upon looking the mutter squarely
and honestly in the faco, I found that
the burdens which bad so galled me had
been self-imposed. Of course such
burdens can be thrown off. Now you
havo resolved you will go to dinner
with a heavy heart and a dark face. Tou
hava no hope that your wife will meet
you with a smile. And why? Because
you kuow that sho bus uo particular
cause for smiling. You kuow tbul her
heart is burdened with tho affliction
which gives you so much nnreet. And
you aro fully assured that you are to
find jc ur homo shrouded in gloom. And
furthermore, you don't know when that
gloom will depart and when the blessed
miuhliiuo of love will burst in again.
And why don't you know? Because it
is not iu your heart to sweep the cold
away. You say to yourself. 'I cau
boar it as long as sho can!' 'Am I not
Clarence did not answer in words.
'I know I am right,' pursued the mer
chant; 'and very likely yonr wife is say
ing to herself the same thing. So
Ciarecce, you see it does not rest upon
the willingness to forgive, but on the
inability to bear the burden. By-aud-bye
it will happen, as it has happened
before, that one of tho twain will sur
render from exhaustion; and it will bo
likely to be tho weaker party. Then
there will be a collapse, and a reconcilia
tion. Generally tho wife falls first
beneath the galling burden, because her
love is keenest and most sensitive. The
husband in such a case acta the part of
a coward. When he might with a
breath blow the cloud away, he cringes
and cowers nntil his wife is forced to let
the sunlight through her breaking
Clarence listened, and was troubled.
He saw the trntb, felt its weight. He
was not a tool, nor was he a liar. Dur
ing the silence that followed he reflected
on the pivst, and ho called to his mind
scenes just as Mr. Wardle bad depicted.
Aud this brought him to tbo remem
brance of bow he had soen his wife weep
when she had failed and sank beneath
the heavy burden; how often she had
sobbed upon his bosom in grief for her
The merchant read the young man's
thoughts, and after a time he rose and
touched him upon the arm.
Clarence, suppose you were to put on
yonr hat and go home now. Suppose
you should think, on your way, only of
the love aud blessing that might be with
this thonght, you should enter your
abode with a smile upon your faca, and
you should put your arms around your
wife's nock aud kiss her, and softly ray
to her, 'My darling, I havo come home
to throw down the burden I took away
with me this morning. It is greater
than I oan bar.' Suppose you were to
do this, would yonr wife repulse you?'
'Ah, my boy, yon echo my words with
an amazement which shows that you
nnderbtaud me. Now, sir, have yon
the courage to try the experiment?
Dare you to be o much of a man? Or
do yon faar to lat your daar wife know
how muob yon. lov hi tf Do yea ftr
sho would r Hpeet nail 1'ntwm you hus
for the tioed? Toll mo do you think
the cloud of iiDluippiiie-PH might thus be
banished? Oli, Clarence, if you would
but try it!'
8:irnh Spencer hod finished hi r work
in tho kitchen aud iu the bed-ehiimber,
aud sat down with her work in her hip.
But she cottM not ply her modle. Her
heart was heavy and sa i, iiud tears w ro
in hor eyes.
Presently t-ho heard the front door
opeu, and a step in the pitssago. Cer
tainly she knew that step I Yes, her hus
band entered, aud a smile upon his face,
She saw it through her guthering tears,
and her heavy heart leaped up. Ho came
and put his arms around her neck, and
kissed her; and he said to lier in broken
accents, 'Durling, I have come home to
throw down tho bnrden I took away
with me this morning. It is greater
than I can bear.'
And she, trying to speak, pillowed her
head upon his bosom and sobbed and
wept like a child. Oh! could he forgive
her? His coming with the blessed offer
ing had thrown the burden of reproach
back upon herself. Sho saw him noble
and generous, and she worshiped him.
But Clarence would not allow her to
take all the blame. He must share that.
'We will share it so evonly,' said he
that its weight shall be felt no more.
And now, my darling, we will be happy!'
Mr. Wardle had no need, when Clar
enco returned to tho counting-house, to
ask the result. He could read it iu the
young man's brimming eyes, and iu that
It was a year after this and Clan nee
Spencer had bocorno partner iu the
houso that Mr. Wardle, by accidout,
referred to the events of tho gloomy
'Ah!' said Clarence, with a swelling
bosom, 'that was the most blessed les
son I ever received. My wife knows who
gavo it to me.'
'And it serves you yet, my boy?'
'Ayo, and it will serve us while wo
livo. We havo none of those old bur
dens of anger to bear now. They can not
find lodgment with us. Tuo flash and
jar may come as in the other days for
wo aro human, you kuow but the heart,
which has firmly resolved not to give uu
abiding place to the ill-foehng, will not
be called upon to entertain it. Some
times we are foolish; but wo laugh at
our folly when we sue it, and throw it
off ; we do not nurso it till it becomes a
Results of Seeming lnciilenls.
The huphuzurd of life aud death was
illustrated iu mauy ways by tho Tay
bridge calamity, Sjotlemd. Ouo lady,
who traveled with her amid, had order
ed a cnb for the morning truiu, which
reached its destination iu safety, but
the cabman overslept, and they were
obliged to take the next truiu tho one
which was buried in the quicksands at
the bottom of the river. Auother iu
stance of tram-missing turned out more
happily. A gentleman wus determined
to go to Dundee, notwithstanding his
wife's entreaties, and thut prudent ludy
took pains to have the cabman behind
time, so that her husband lost the ill
fated train. He was angry at the time,
but is reconciled to the situation now,
and entertains a favorable opinion of
his wife's weather wisdom. Auother
man lost his life through the business
shrewdness of the girl to whom he was
ecgiigo l. He was visiting at her houso
in E linburgb, and was anxious to ro
main until Monday, bnt she persuaded
him to retnru rather than iucur the dis
pleasure of his employers by breaking
aith with thorn.
Curious Hussion Customs.
It is a curious thing that among the
Kussiaus the fathur and mother of bu
infant not only can not stand as sponsors
for it, but they are not allowed to be
present at its baptism. Tbe godfather
and godmother, by answering for the
child, become related to it and to eaoh
other, aud a lady and gentleman who
have stood as sponsors to the same child,
are not allowed to marry each other. In
christening, the priest takes the child,
which is quite nuked, and, holding it
by the head, so that bis thumb and
finger stop tho orifices of the ear, he
dips it thrice into the water; he cuta off
a small portion of the hair, which ho
twists up with a little wax from the
tapers, and throws into the font; then,
anointing tbo baby's breast, hands aud
feet with the holy oil, aud making the
sign of the cross with the same on the
forehead, ho concludes by a prayer and
A Ojili'tus Flit Upon Him.
A sad misfortune lately befell a New
Orlop ns judge. It is related of him that,
as he was riding in the cars, from a
single glaucc at tbe countenance of n
lady at his sidi, ho imagined that be
knew her, and ventured to remark that
the day was pleasant. She only answer
ed, 'Yes.' 'Why do yon wear a vail?"
'Lost I attract gentlemen.' 'It is the
province of gentlemen to admire,' re
plied the gallant man of law. 'Not when
they are married.' 'But I am not.' 'In
deed!' 'Oh, no; I'm a bachelor. Tho
lady quietly removed her vail, disclosing
to the astonished magistrate tho ftoe of
hit moiher-in-law, Ha bat been a racing
ratal to aver iIsm.
The Trouble in (lit- Imperial f amily.
Tiie statement that tho peace party is
again dominant iu Russia aud that
Count Schouvaloff agHiu has good pros
pects of obtaining u position iu which
ho will bo nblo to exercise great in
fluence iu framing Russia's foreign poli
cy, has led to somo explanation of the
causes which have kept tho count from
earlier muiutaiuing a superior position
among the counselors of tho czur.
Schouvaloll's bitterest euemy at the court
of St. Petersburg is generally supposed
to be tho Priucess !jlgorouki, a lady-in-waiting,
whose fathtr bus long been
on terms of hostility with S.'houvuloff,
aud whoso relations to tho emperor
have passed out of the domain of gossip
and will somo day have their niche in
history. 11 e S'. Peteisburg correspon
dent of a Parisian journal, discusses
them in tho following terms; 'Xue real
cause of tho dissension in the imperial
family has never yet beeu made public.
Here is the plain truth. Despito his
white hair, Alexander II. is and baa
been for some time desperately ena
mored of the Princess Citharine Dol
gorouki, one of tbo youngest and most
beautiful ladies of Lis court. The czai
has never been able to endure a separa
tion from the priucess aud tho child that
was born to her. The latter he has long
wished to legitimatize, aud has formally
desired that the boy should be lecog
uizod by his family. To this the em
press, aud the czarwitch aud the grand
dukes havd declined to accede. Tho
czarine determined to leave Russia an 1
find at Cannes a'refugo from the insult
offered her. Tho czarwitch has avoided
tho winter palace us much as possible.
The intluenoe of the Princess Dolgorouki
has daily grown stronger iu tho czar's
household. It has beeu persistently
used to oppose the cause of freedom
and reform. The emperior has yielded
so completely to its fasciuatious that ho
has lately shown anxiety to obtain a
divorce from the empress ana to marry
the princess. Such au act would husten
his ubnioitiou, for the fair lady in wait
ing is not of imperial stock, and Russian
traditions are rigid ou the point. In
this dilemma tho czar stands to-day.
Everywhere he Bees enemies, aud chiefly
iu his owu fuuiily. Iu a word, it is the
Princess Dolgorouki and her unfortun
ate influence which ciusod the empress'
departure for Cannes, and tho absence
of the ezarwitch from the fotes of St.
Gdorgo. It is sho who provokes tho
czar to resistance uud repression. It is
she who raises the barrier between
father aud sou.' A Parisian correspond
ent of tlio Abvnbluit a.lds: 'Iu politi
cal circles it is believed thut the czar's
abdication is only a question of time;
aud that, if the empress dies, the em
peror will at onoo contract a morganatic
marriage with the PrinesH 1 jlgoiouki. '
Tipical ('Hlifornhiii Story.
One oi the latest of strange cccurreu
cca caino to pats a few days ago ou the
steamer Contra Costa, plying between
Vallejo and u point opposite, ou the
Martinez railroad. As the passengers
from this city eu route to Vallejo were
scrambling ou to the boat, a lady nee 1
iug a little assistance with her pacKages,
rtccived it from a Mr. O., a graiu spec
ulator of San l'lamisco, who wae goi ng
to Vallejo on a visit. Oa the lady
reaching tbectbm, conversation ensued,
during which each leurned that the
other was from Kentucky, and irom the
very t-anie town. Iu answer to his
inquiry the lady gavo Mr. G., her name,
when tho lutter cluimed her as bis own
wife. The lady thinking the gentleman
either a maniac or an adventurer, plied
him with questions, the answers to
which convinc h! her that Mr. G. was
her husband and none other, The two
had married in 1858, aud about a year
after the husband started for Liverpool.
The vessel was wrecked, aud crew aud
pssongers were supposed to have been
lost. Tho husband was picked up and
taken to a foreign port , where he lay
ill for fifteen months. Meanwhile his
wife came to Ctliforna, and all traces of
her were lost by the husband. Although
seaicb has beeu made, he had never
found her until this reunion took pluoe
in tho mauuer described. Tuo happy
couple proceeded to V.dhjo, when the
mother iutrodnol a young lady to her
husbaud as his dunghtor.
A Woman who Married Three iViu.
Australia is greatly exercised respect
iug a womau who has for many years
passed herself off as a man and who has
married several wivts. Jn 1S57 a girl
bearing the name of Ellen Treym.itie
came to Melbourne in the Ojeau Mon
arch. Ou her arrival sho married a fel
low passenger of tho name of Miry
Delahuuty and assumed herself the
name of Edward Da Lacy Evans.
Miry having diod, she married Sarah
Moore, i'nd on tho death of Sarah she
married Julia May mud. Julia is still
alive, but Miss EUard De Lacy Evans
having gone moil has been con lined in
the Kew lunatic; asylum, where his or
her sex was discovered, owing to each
inmate, being forced to tako a bath,
TLo curious ciienmstance ounected
with this case is that not one of tho
wives revealed the imposition thut had
beeu practiced upon her; nor did the
miners with whom Miss Edward worked
for above twenty yeara even inspect
that ih tu a womau,
1 he First I'm per Maker.
Who was the first paper maker ? If
the reply to this query should bo, as is
quite likely, that some old-time invf u
tive genius was the man, it will bo incor
rect. Tho date of the invention aud the
founding of paper making is not di fi
nitely known. Tho common v asp was,
however, the inventor. The big wasp's
nest, which was ulwajs kept at a safe
diatauctS ud often knieked down with
a stone during the rumbles of boyhood,
wos cjmposcd of actual paper of the
most delicate and elegant kind. As
spiders wero spit.ucrs of gossamer webs
of intricate aud exquisite putern when
primitive mau went al out dressed iu the
shoggy skins of boasts, and cuild neither
spin nor weave tbe beautiful and fine
cloth fabrics of to-day, so Jittle wasps,
when people of tho I iter ami nnmewhat
more advanced age had recourse to sueh
rude and unsatisfactory substance as
wood, stone and brass, the bark of trees,
and the hides of animals, on which to
preserve memoranda, were making a
material of far greater excellence.
They made their paper, too, by very
nearly the same process employed by
man at the present time. Indeed, sev
eral of our best dit-coveries iu regard to
building, architecture, and manufactures
of various kinds, if they have not beeu
derived from iicute observation of the
work of certain animals, including in
sect, have, when compared with their
constructions uud their manner of
making them, been fouud to show a
wondei fully close resemblance. The
beaver gave men their earliest and most
serviceable knowledge concerning dam
building, and to day no workmuu can
surpass this animal's skill and precision
in the en ction of such structures.
Nature is a great teacher, and espe
cially does the paper making of tho wasp
illustraio how valuably suggestive she
may sometimes be; for, assuredly, the
wasp was the first to show that it did
uot always require rags to manufacture
paper, that vego ablo fibers auswered
for this purpose andcuuld be reduced to
a pulp, aud that to make the paper
strong aud tenacious, the libers must
The first thing tho wasps do, wlieu
about to buld u nest, is to collect, with
preference fo" old aud dry wood fibers,
about oue-ttuith of au iuch long, and
finer than a hair, and put them into
bundles, which they iueroaso as they
continue ou their way. These fibers
thoy bruise into a sort of lint, aud
cement with a sizing of glue, after which
they kuead the material into paste, like
pupiermache, aud roll up a Lull; this
tiny trample with their feet into a leaf
as thiu ns tissue paper.
Tlit? ceiling of the wasp's o'lamber, to
tho thickness of nearly two itn-'ies, is
of eu constructed by puttiug oue above
another, fifteen or sixteen layers or
sheets of this prepared paper, und be
tween these layers spaces are left, so
that it seems as if a number of little
shells had beeu laid uear ouo auother.
Next thty build up a terrace composed
of uu immense nauibiT of paper shells,
until a light and elcuut structure, like
a honeycomb, has be.'ii constructed, aud
in the cella thus formed they rear their
What was Paid for Illinois.
The Chicago Tribune prints au old
document of considerable histor.c inter
est. It is a deed or convey ar,ce f laud
bearing date July 20, 1773. Tue parties
of the firt.t part iu the transaction are 10
Indian chiefs of tho different tribes of
the Illinois natiou of Iudiaus, represent
ing all of them, and the parties of the
second part aro twenty two white men
of Philadelphia aud Pittsburg, lVuu.,
aud Loudon, Euglaud. The premisob
conveyed by the InJiaus to these white
men are two several tracts of land, viz. :
First, the tract now commonly known as
Southern Illinois, and, second, tho re
mainder of the state to the northern
border, and a portion of southern Wis
conein. The consideration for 'his im
nieuso tract of land, including the whole
of the slate of Illinois and a good part
of Wisconsin, is thus expressed in the
deed: 'Two hundred and sixty stronds,
259 blankets, .'150 shirts, 150 pairs of
slroud and half-thick stocking", 150
ttroud brceeh-cloths, 500 pounds gun
powder, 4 OflO pounds of lea l, otieprovs
of knives, 30 pounds of vermilion, 2,001)
gnu fliuls, 20 1 pounds of brass kettles,
200 pounds of tobacco, H doz n gilt
IiMikiug glasses, 1 gross of giiu-wornu,
2 gross of awls, 1 gross of lire-steels, 10
dozens of gartering, 10,0d0 pouuds of
flonr, 500 bushels of Indian corn, 12
horsis, 12 horned cat tlo, 20 bushels of
salt, aud 20 guus, the receipt whereof
we do hereby acknowledge.' These ar
ticles having been 'paid uud delivered
iu full council,' the deed was signed and
execnted before a French notary public
at Kaskaskia Village.
A Boston lady, whose hilf.bnud was
frequently afflicted with nightmare, wan
oue night awakened by a noise and to
hor horror saw her hnsbuud sitting up
iu bod saying iu a wisper, 'Now I have
him, ho can't escape!' and pointing his
pistol at an imaginary burglar. His fin
ger was on tho trigger and he was aim
ing directly at the head of the baby iu
it cradle. Q'liek as lightning his wifo
said iu a low tone: 'Too low I aim
higher I' Ha raised the pistol, she
snatched it from hi hand and the dsn
er WM over,
iikms uf (;i:m:kal imkkkkt.
Orange culture is iucreasiug around
There is one officer to every ten
soloiers in the army.
Spain pays her ministers plenipoten
tiary 800,000 a year and her favorite
buli tighter SUO.UUI a year.
Tho treasury of the state of North
Carolina has funded between S5.000.000
aud fii.UOO.oiiO of old bonds in uew four
per cents, bearing interest from July,
Subscriptions are being obtained at
Augusta, Oa., for the formation of a
company, with a enptfol of 8500,600 to
build a new cotton mill, to be located
ou tbe canal.
Tbe culture of frogs is quite r-.n im
portant industry in Illinois, where one
man has over on acre and a quarter of
land, ou which he is breeding 290,000
dozen of frogs of all ages for the Chicago
and Cincinnati markets.
In China a nulive pastor who carries
ou a Baptist church has recently bap tized
one hundred and thirty converts.
About half of these aro women. Thirty
or forty of the women traveled fifty miles
iu wheelbarrows to be baptized.
A telegram rccuived from Commander
Ooiriuge aunounces the discovery of
Masonic emblems in the foundation of
the obelisk at Alexandria, under the
pedestal ou which it was set np by the
llomaus. drawings were made and the
emblems were preserved as they were
There wero nearly five hundred 'mys
terious disappearances' in the United
States last year, and in many cases no
trace of the missing party was ever
fouud. In counecsiou with these statis
tics is the statement that a large majori
ty of those who disappeared and left no
duo behiud were married men.
C. Lopez, a cigar manufacturer in
Columbus, Oa., who is seventy-nine
years of age, has recently received from
Spain a lotier from his father, who is
now 112 years old and Btill hale and
heartv. He served for forty years in
the armies of Spain, and is now a retired
officer ou a pension of 8125 a montn,
Mr. Ernest Hart, the advocate of
kitcheu economy, gavo in Loudon a
dinner recently, ne had a clear soup,
roasted herrings with mustard sauce,
curried eggs, feilloped lobster, beef
with beans, turnips With gravy sauce,
niiuee pie aud au ice. The whole din
ner, which was excellent, cost for each
person sixteen cents.
A Leadvillo, Col , lisp tch says a party
of Western capitalists, headed by CSl.
D. P. Dyer, of St. Louis, purchased,
yesterday, the Glass, tho Pwndary, and
the Rjimhand Ready No. 2 niines.three
of tho richest deposits yet developed in
that region, for .5,000,000. This is the
largest sale of miuiug property that has
yet beeu made iu Leadvilla.
The widow of ex-President Tylor has
asked Congress for a pension, on the
ground of the immense depression in
the value, of her real islat-, tho mort
gages on in r Northern property having
been fori closed, aud those on her
Southern property constantly troubling
her. Sho says: 1 find I havo scarcely
anything whatever left to live upon.'
Mrs. Margaret Tumy, whose case hot
created widespread interest, died in Cin
runati. Sho lived a full month with no
food eiceptiug two beaus. She believed
thut her stumiic i was entirely gone, and
refused to take auy sustenance. Her
last words, spoken ulmost lower than a
breath, were, 'Bread ! Bread I' When
it was offered to her, however, she ro
fused to tako it.
A bridal party iu a S'. Liuis justice's
fll ;o lacked tho bridegroom. Ho had
quarreled with tho bride, and, after
waiting au honr after the appointed
time, she told her friends that probably
ho did not mean to come at all. There
upon an old admirer offered to take the
missii g mau's place. The womon hesi
tated, but fifteen minutes of vigorous
courtship won her consent, and the
ceremony was performed.
As tho New York ferry-boat Fulton
was entering the slip ou tho Brooklyn
side, William M. White au old experi
enced pilot, fell deal at hiB post. He
w is alone iu tho pilot house, and had
his death occurred five minutes later the
boat, with a thousand passengers, would
have beeu in mid stream without a
pilot to direct the helm. The event baa
created a demaud that there should be
two pilots on duty on ferry boats.
Tuo Littlo Rce't, Ark., Uasettr. says:
There is now living in Morrilltou, ('un
way county, this Btato, a woman who
bus been married fourteen times. She
is now sixty-five years old, and, matri
monially speaking, shu has boon
remarkably successful, ner fourteenth
husband is now liviug, but it is not
known how soi n ho may drop off, and,
considering the epidemic that has raged
among his predecessors, his position is
one of extreme danger.
A Boatou paper says that, in August
last a dealer in that city sold 25,000
yards of cloth to a New York manufac
turer of umbrellas. The cloth being
poor, the New Yorker returned it, and
the goods were packed away. List
week according to the same authority,
the New Yorker went to Boston for
umeh-ueeded supplies, which are diffl
cult to obtain, and actually bought of
the Boston mau the same 28,000 yards of
cloth t a advasoe of twenty jpet ceet.