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H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
KDiToit axi ntoriurroK.
On. fctjuar., on. liiM-rtli.ti.
one nuir,l li.nrU"ii,
On. s'luuru, mho mjiih,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One enry, one yir, -On.oopy
,atx month -Ouswpy,
PITCSB()KO CHATHAM CO., N. C, FFJiRCAIiV ID, 1880.
To the Bereaved I
BEST OF MARBLE.
Good Workmanship, and Cheapest and Largest
variety in toe mate, lards ooruor morgan ana
Bloani streets, below Wynn's livery stable.
avaarees an communications to
CAYTON & WOLFE,
Raleigh, N. O,
Tie boats of the Express Steamboat Ooruna
oy will run as follows from the first of October
nutil further notice:
Bteamer P. Ml'KCUISON, Capt. AloDza Gar
rison, will, leave. Fajetteville every Tuesday
and Friday at B o'clock A. M., and Wilming
ton every Wednesday and Saturday at il o'clock
Cramer WAVE, Capt. W. A. Roboson, will
leave Fayettaville on Mondaye and Thursdays
atHo'oloc'.- A. M. , and Wilmington on Tues
days ann rnuavH a I o cioca l'.M., connecting
with tho Western II -liroad at Fayettoville on
i uui'nunjiD Bir.l .-MUII- ays.
J. D. Hr..f.l.Vs A- VO.
Agents at Fayettoville, N. O.
Rockaways and Spring Wagons
At Prices lo Null the Times,
Hade of the beet materials, and warranted to
give entire satisfaction.
COXSILT l Ol lf OH X IXTEItEST,
By giving us a call before buying.
Also, a full lot of
Hand Made Harness,
A. A. McKETIIAN HONS,
oc34uo6 3m Faucttevillef A. t
JOHN M. MORINC.
Attorney at Law,
.llnrlng.YlIU', Clinilmm Co., '. ( .
JOUK M. MORIMO,
AI.KHF.D A. MOI1IXO,
MORINC & MORINC,
Attorneys At Xjaw
111 it h.m, x. r.
AU business intrusted to them will reoeive
THOMAS M. CROSS,
Attorney at Law,
riTTMiioito', x. c.
Will practioe in Chatham and eorroun
counties. Collection of claims a specialty, ding
Certain and Reliable!
HOWARD'S INFALLIBLE WORLD RE
KOWNED REMF.DI FOR WORMS
Is now for aalo by W. L. London, in I'lttsboro'.
All those who are annoyed wilb those Testa
are advised to call and pet a package of this
valuable remedy. This compound is no hnra
bog, but a grand success. One agent wanted
in every town in the State. For particnlara.
addiesa, enclosing S cent stamp. Ir. J. M.
HOWARD, Ml. Olive, Wajua county, N.C.
H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
Attorney at Law,
$&'Sc oi.'.tl AticnMon PaM l-
RALEIGH, J. CAR.
T. n. CAMERON,' 'Vnitfsn'.
W. E. ANDERSON, Vin .
W. H. HICKS, Ntt'y.
The only Ilome Life Insurance Co. in
All Its fund loaned out AT IIOMF., and
among our own people. We do not send
North Carolina money abroad lo build upother
Bute. It Is one of the most successful com
panies of its ace In the United States. lis as
acta are amply siilllcienl. AH losses paid
firomplly. Kljfht thousand dollars paid in the
Mi two years to families in Chatham. Il will
coat a man aped thirty year only live cents a
day to insure for one thousand dollars.
Apply for further information, to
H A. LONDON, Jr., Gen. Agt.
PITTSBOKO', N. C.
J. J. JACKSON,
riTTSIlOlift', A', c.
t9AU business entrusted to him will re
eelve prompt attention.
W. I. ANDERSON,
P. A. WILEY.
CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK,
UAL.EK.II, X. C.
J. D. WILLIAMS & CO.,
Groeers, Commission Merchants and
FAYETTEVILLE. N. O.
Helen of Tyro.
vS hat phantom is this that appear)
Through the purple mists of the yet ru,
Itself bat a mist like these '(
A woman of oloud and of fire,
It is she, it la Belen of Tyre,
The town in the midst of the seas !
Oh Tyre ! in tby orowded streets
The phantom appears and retreats
And the Israelites that sell
Thy lilies and lions of bra,
Look up a they lee her pass,
Aod murmur 'Jezebel!'
Then aiothor phantom is seen
At her side, in a gray gabardine,
With beard that floats to lis waist,
II is Simon Magus, the Boer,
He spoaks, and she pauses to hear
The words be uttered in baste.
He says : 'From this evil fame,
From this lifo of sorrow and ebamo,
I will lift thee and make thee mine.
Thou hast been Queen Caudac,
At d Holen of Troy, and shalt bo
The Intelligence Divine!'
Oh, sweet ae the breath of morn.
To the fallen and forlorn
Are whispered words of praise,
For the famished heart believes
The falsehood that tempts and deoeives,
And the proniiso that hetras.
Bo she follows from land to land
The wizard's beckoning band,
And as a leaf is blown by the gust,
Till she vanishes into nicht !
Oh reader, stoop down and writo
nun wronger in the dust.
Oh town in the midst of the
With thy rafta ef oedar trees,
iny merchandise and thy ships,
Thou, too, art beoome as naught,
A phantom, a shadow, a thought,
A name upon men's lipe.
Henry W. Longfellow.-
The Elf of Hohenheim.
It was ou a Saturday night cn the
Bowery I returned on foot at a slow pace
from my cflice, intent npon the picture
of bnsy life and confusion which sur
rounded me, and which for years has
never been so noisy and hustling as now.
Slowly I advanoed amid all this bnstlo.
admiring and in some measure facinated
by this picture, ao full of coarse but
intense and robust life. All of a
sudden I stopped as if struck by
lightning. What was this before
me ? A ghost ? a horrid freak of my
imagination ? or what elise ?
That ashy pale face, that stooping
figure, creeping along with difficulty
and thrown from sido to side by the bnsy
crowd like a broken reed where had I
seen a semblance of them beforo ?
This ghastly flguro was that of ft
woman. By the band she held a child,
a baby of some three years of ago, who
seemed so exhausted that its legs refused
service entirely. It did not even scream,
and let itttlf bo dragged along by the
woman like a lifeless corpse. I turned
round and followed this wretched pair.
I soon found out that the woman's walk
was not purposeless. She staggered
from on at h-barrel to another ; at each
of these ornaments of our metropol
itan thoroughfares she stooped down,
plunged her bare arm into the heap of
refuse and kept it there searching till
she found some remnant of something
which may have one day served as food
to man or beast. This she clutched at
with eager grasp ; the best bits she gave
to the child the rest she devonrsd
Stepping to her sido I touched the
She looked around with a wild and
scarod expression, the light of a torch
fell full on her face 'Good (iod I is it
possible?' I screamed. 'Emily I'
Her whole frame shook under the
rage which half covered it ; she drew
back from me, and with a groan of
irrepressible terror attempted to run
away. I held her fast, however.
'Oome no,' I said, 'whoever jon may
be, think of your child, it seems to be
dying. Let me jive it to eat.'
She bowed her head in silent obedi
ence and suffered me to lead her to a
small hotel in the neighborhood kept by
an honest old German on whose discre
tion I could reckon. I engaged a room,
ordered supper and a bottle of strong
wine, and bidding the woman to wash
and undress herself and the child, I
went out to purchase in one of the
Bowery stores a cheap but decent outfit
for both, which on returning to the
hotel, sent np to her by tho
chambermaid. A quarter of an
Lour Inter snppvr was brought. I
knocked at the door, a feeble voice
answered, 'Gome in,' and on entering I
remained two or three sccouds standing
motionless, speechlebs ut the door,
staring at the apparition before me.
The hasty toilet she bad made had
wrought an extraordinary change in all
the young woman's appearance. She
sat before me with the child in her lap
in all her wondrous, delicate, bewitch
ing beauty tho 'elf of Hohenheim,' as
we used to call her, but no longer tho
wild, wayward elf left child, but curb as
I bad seen her in my boyish dreams a
beautifal, fairy-like womsn I
Emily Ilschberg I' I whispered, when
the ohamberm. ' had left us. 'Do you
know me ?'
She looked np at me and dropping her
heaO in both her hands broke into a
torrent of tears. After soothing and
quieting her as boat I could, I insisted
on her and the child eating the snpper
I had ordered before entering on any
t xplanations, After the last morsel had
disappeared and the child which had
already had fallen asleep whilo eating,
been put to bed. Emily sat down by
my side, and with many a sigh and many
a tear told me her story. It was tho sad,
old, old story.
I was barely seventeen and had just
entered the celebrated agrimUnral
academy of Hohenheim no&r Stutgart,
Wurteiuburs;, when I first made the
acquaintance of Emily and hor uncle,
the famous mathematician, Dr. Aloysitts
Kechberg, with whom having lost her
own parents, she then lived. Tho old
professor's house was a favorite haunt
for the boys. Himself childless, but yet
fall of energy and animal spirits, the old
man liked to be surrouudedby the noise
aud bustle of youth. On some evenings
in the woek, aud indeed not unfrequently
during whole days, tho professor's house
looked more like a student's kneipe
(tavern) than like the abode of one of
the first soientifio authorities of Ger
many. Lit'.le Emily, the 'elf of Hohenheim,
as wo had nicknamed her, never failed
at these queer arsemblies. Indeed, she
was the genins, the spirit of our band
and a mad uncontrollable spirit it was,
to bo sure I Scarcely fifteen years of
ago, she was already as far advanced in
her studies with her uncle as any of us.
'I don't want to make of the girl one
of your insipid, hot house flowers which
droop and shudder at everything, the old
man used to say to us. 'Let her see,
study and enjoy life just as it is. Ton
are all of you a set of honest though
excessively lazy lads at whose hands she
has no harm to fear. So let her eujoj
her freedom the only thing she
possesses, poor thing I I trust her to
you do not betray me, lads.'
And Emily was indeed our friends,
our comrade almost our sister. She
felt so secure inside the domains of her
adopted brothers that she wandered in
summer and winter all alone through
tho extensive woods of Hohenheim, con
sidering them, as it were, a sort of para
dise on earth in which no fatal tree or
wily serpent could ever tempt her. Elf
like she haunted the grounds around our
academy climbing in the trees, imitating
the singing of the birds around her,
making the air resound with her clear,
silvery laugh, shedding on all things the
fairy light of her dear innocent presence.
Such she had lived on in my remem
brance these many years since our part
ing. Snc'u, as a long-lost dream of
youth and light, she appeartd at times
to me amid the dark shadows and bitter
realities of life. Who was the rascal
who had darkened aud polluted this
bright vision of lights who had made
this of my littlo 'elf of Hohenheim ?'
His name was. she told me, or at least
was supposed to be, Count Lidis as
Brodziusky, end he pretended to be a
Polish nobleman oieemf mnse walth.
Like all the rest of the students, he too
had been received with the usual free
hospitality at the professor's house, but
had soon by hid manners exited the old
man's suspicions, ne was forbidden the
house but the mischief was already
done; Emily was madly in love with
him. Interviews went on between them
clandestinely, tho wretch bewitched her
more and more, until at length she con
sented to elope with him to America
whither, he said, important business
matters called him. The pair fled first
to Paris, thence to London, where they
stayed uearly a week. While in that
city Brodzinsky came homo one day
seemingly in pray to a terrible agitation.
Somebody is on our track, my dearest
Einily I' ho exclaimed. 'I havo Iweu
followed the wholo day. We cannot
start from hero together. Yon mast go
to-night direct to Quoeustown aud wait
a day there for the boat which shall
bring me from Liverpool. T.he people
who are tracking me must see me get on
board alone. Do you trust mo, my love I
Of course she did, and obeyed lam
guilelessly, confidingly. LLg before
the steamer had boen sighted she was
standing on the Queenstown dock, wait
ing, straining her sight for tho streak of
tmoko on the horizou. At length it
came. The tug-boat took the Queens
town passengerH on board the huge
ocean steamer. Emily found li.-r cibin
reserved for her, but no Ladislas
Brodzinksy to meet her. Trembling,
bewildered, she inquired if there was a
passeugor of that name on board. Tho
steward who had aeeompaniod her to tho
cabin thought tliero was one and prom
ised to inquire immediately.
n went, and Emily remained in her
cabin trembling, fearing sho knew not
herself what, feeling as if each minute
that passed became a century of sus
pense. In the meantime the steamer
had heaved her anchor, tue screw ! ad
been put in and the ocean monster
glidod majestically into the open sea.
At last tho steward returned with the
No, miss, there is no gentlomen of
that name on board I'
On hearing these words Emily re
mained for some time like one paralyzed
with terror and despair. Then, realizing
all of a sudden the horror of situation,
sho rushed out of the cabin with a
piercing cry and ran on deck, whence,
had not the captain met her and held
her fast, she would heve jumped into the
She then began beseeching the cap
tain in a frantic way to turn back, to
put her on shore anywhere; the poor
man had a good deal of trouble to
rxplain to her tho impossibility of her
demand, aud to quiet her so far as to
lead her back into the cabin. She need
but wait patiently, ho eaid ; in New
York sho would bo sure to find a tele
gram explaining all.
She waited but in vain ; no message,
no friendly word bade her welcome to
the new world. The captain and sumo
of the paBsocgers took mi interest in tho
poor girl and accompanied her to the
German consulate. There she gave her
uncle's address, and the consul prom
ised her to cable to him immediately.
The next day she was to learn the
answer. She came tho next dny. The
consul led her to his private c like, and
with a grave face invited her to take a
'Have you other relatives in Gurmouy,
Miss Bsohberg, besides your uncle ?' ho
'None,' she answered.
'I regret it,' rejoined the consul, 'for
your undo is dead. Here is the answer
I received this morning.'
And he showed her the fatal message.
Emily had suffered fo much during the
passage that this new blow scarcely
hurt but only stunned her. She sat
there motionless, staring at the paper
before her with vacant gaze.
'Do you wish, under the circumstace,'
continued the German official, 'to return
to Europe? I could facilitate your
arrangements if snch should be your
'What for ?' she asked, dejectedly.
'Just as you please,' auswered the
She rose from her teat, thanked him
mechanically, and went out into the
'Oh, do not ask me,' exclaimed Emily,
covering her fao9 with her hands, 'to tell
you all that befell me here I It is a tale
of shame and misery I will sparo you
and me. Four mouths after my landing
this child his child -was born. Some
time later I received a letter from him,
offering me money and explaining his
treachery with perfect frankness. My
love, he said, had become troublesome
to him, for just then the possibility of
a rich marriage with an elder and f xoes
eively jealous woman had presented
itself to him and thus he resolved to
put me out of the way. How well the
rascal knew me I In writing this lotter he
placed a deadly weapon into my hand I
He knew well enough I would not
Tho night was far advanced wheu
Emily had told me her snd story to the
end. I took my leave of her, promising
not to forsake her till a suitable position
had presented itself for her.
I camn, and returned tho next day
aud the next, and so on for nearly three
weeks nntil little by little the intercourse
with Emily became the most engrossing
occupation of my day,
She became daily more beautiful, and
daily I saw revived before me that fair
image of the 'elf of Hohenheim,' of my
boyish dreams, turned to a still more
Ouo day as I entered as usual the little
German hotel, the fut host came to meet
me with a letter in his haud.
'For you,' ho uttered laconically.
I tore open the envolopo. It was from
Emily and contained the following lines :
'My dearest, my only friend I I
leave you, you who I have learned
to love moro than my life. Aud it is
just because of my great love that I go.
Your life must remain as it is, pure aud
free and noble. Your path must
not be soiled by a creature like me.
Farewell I God bless you I May every
tear which falls from my cheek while I
write this bring you years aud years of
happiness I Do not grieve for me. I
found honest work in a city far away.
Do not search for mo and do uot forget
quite your poor, loving
'Klf of Hohenueim.
A year has passed, I have neither
seen nor heard from her since.
I a Colored Man a While!
In the United States supreme court,
the case came up of the United States,
appellants, vs. Sauford Perrymau, ap
peal from the court of claims. The
somewhat paradoxical question present
ed bv this case is whether a negro is a
white person. The suit was brought by
Perrymau, a C'roek Indian, of Arkansas,
under sections 2151 and 2155 of the re
vised btatntes, which provide that when
a 'whito person' shall take or destroy
property of a friendly Iudiau within the
Indian country, and when such whit-
persons, upou being duly convicted of
the offense, shall be unable to make good
to the Indiau the entire value of the
property thus taken or destroyed, the
deficiency shalt be paid out of tho Uni
ted Slates treasury. Tho property of
Perrymau, tho friendly Indiau in tho
present case, was taken by a negro, aud
when the latter, upon conviction, was
found unable to make its value good,
Perrymau brought this suit against the
United States, alleging that the words
'white person' in the statute were intend
ed to mean any person not an Indian.
The United States, however, contend
that the statute grew originally out of
trouble between the state of Georgia
and the Cherokees, and that the color
line was purposely drawn to excludo
both negroes and Indians,
Hon the Sntnges Lire,
In n recent lecture by Miss Jonephino
Meoker, she stuteJ: Th I'tes live prin
cipally on bio.id and meat. Wheu tlx-y
can't get bread tliey live on meat, and
when they euu't get meat tliey live ou
bread. Wheu tliey havo a great quan
tity of provisions ou haud (hoy eat it all
up before getting any moro. The same
is truo wheu they have a sirnll quantity
on hand. They aro dirty. They are
evou very dirty. Their meat is gcueraliy
permitted to lio about on the ground or
any place. Each Indian family pos
sesses any Lumber of dogs from eight
to fifteen, and these animals help them
selves to meat. After they huvo satis
fied themselves, aud when tho Iudiaus
become hungry, they cut from tho sumo
piece on which the dogs feed. They
generally boil their meat, but sometimes
they broil it, They put in water uud
let it remain only a few minutes, just
long enough to heat, wheu they take it
out and begin to eat. They use the
same water and the same pail for boiling
over and over again, until the w iter be
comes a perfect slimo of filth. One pot
generally does Fervice for the entire
family. Thi3 particular pot is a frying
pan. When the Utes get out of their
bed they wash their faces and bat ho the
baby in it, after which they buko tho
bread aud boil the meat. Then they
eat out of the vessel, and then the dogs
lick up the leaving. They clothe them
selves with skins of animals or with
blankets. They generally take a blanket
or a skin and cut a hole in the middle of
it and throw it over their heads, cutting
armholes and fastening the garment at
the waist with a wide belt, while they
close up the neck with a buckskin
string. When the garment wears out
they cut the string and let it drop, but
not before. Sometimes the Indians will
wear as many as five of these garments
at a time, always keeping the cleaned
one on the outside.
An Aiunsiiijr Scene,
At. a prayer meeting in one of the
leading churches a few evenings since,
a gentleman, well kuown as an aotive
aud earnest church member, whose
remarks aro always listeued to with
great interest, was m iking a most im
pressive appeal to hie auditors. He
was just proceeding to enforce a point
by illustration, when a gentleman a few
seats in front rose to his feet, and re
marking that no one was occupying the
attention of the meeting, asked that
they join with him in prayer. The first
gentleman, thus summarily taken off his
feet, abruptly subsided; tho second gen
tleman prayed fervently, and though the
grave face of the pastor wits not illum
ined with a smile, the auditors could
with difficulty restrain from laughter.
Both gentlemen who were the innocent
means of producing the amusing scene,
are very deaf; tho second one is also
short-sighted, and, sitting in front o
the brother who was speaking, was
wholly unaware that auy one was occu
pying the attention of the meeting. The
first gentleman, though deaf, is not
blind, aud the facility with which he
sought his seat wheu his discourse was
interrupted, was not the least amusing
part of the sceno.
Creditable Showing for lS7!t.
The annual circulur of Duu, Barlow
A- Co., coutains most gratifying proofs
of the prosperity of resumption year.
The number of failures dunug 179 was
i,ti58; during the year beforo it was 10,-
478, tho decrease being more than oue
third. The number of failures was
smaller during 1S7'J thau during any
year Biuco 1874. But the showing is
still more gratifying upon a better b isis
of comparison. Tho decrease in the
total amount of liabilities is nearly sixty
per cent; they drop all the w.iy from
S'JIU.OOO.ODO iu 1M7S to 8'.l8,0n0,O00 in
187!). Tho report states this striking
change for the better iu a vivid way by
saying that tho total loss was 'lessened
by over $'2,500,000 a week for the en
tire year.' Comparisons with the year
1878 are somewhat misleading, it is true,
owing to tho repeal of the bankrupt law
iu that year, aud the r uiseqiieut accu
mulation of failures. But comparisons
with other years show tho sauio great
improvement, though iu a way less
marked, aud the statement of the steadi
ly dimiuishing proportion of failures in
the whole population tells the samo
I'sing the Forces of Nature.
An aitcle in Sc.rilmrr dolailmg Mr.
Edison's tlTort to produce the elecliic
light, ciHiclui'.es : Besides the enor.iious
practical ahie f the electric light, as
domestic illurainaut and motor, it fur
nishes a most striking and beau'iful
illustration of thee luvertiliility of force.
Mr. Edison's system of lighting gives
a completed cycle of change. Tho sun
light poured upou the rank vegetation
of the carboniferous forests, was gath
ered and stored up, and has been wait
ing through the ages to be converted
again into light in the carbon horseshoe.
The latent force accumulated during the
primeval days, and garnered up iu the
coal beds, is converted, after passing in
the steam engine through the phases of
chemical, molecular and mechanical
force, into electricity, which only waits
the touch of the inventor's genius to
flash out Into a million domestic suns to
illuminate a myriad homes.
The .Mexican Bandits,
A correspondent of the New York
W'wld writing from Mexico, thus de
scribes tho doings of tho bandits which
infest that country: Two horrible cases
of the abduction of rich men, held and
tortured for hoavy ransoms, have ro
cntly been published; iu fact, there
nro three instances in which starvation
aud maltreatment have injured tho gen
tlemen beyond the possibility of entire
restoration to health. Awhile ago a
oirciimstauco was related to mo which
savors strongly of the days of Claude
Duval. A bund of robbers attacked a
small hacienda near this city, and hav
ing terrified the workmen aud servants
by threats of iustuut death if they at
tempted to defend thoir master, three of
tliem proceeded to tho chamber of the
owner, who met them pistol in hand,
but before he could fire (or else perhaps
his shot missed its object) the chief of
the bandits shot him through tho heart.
The wife of tho murdered man thought
her last hour had come, and was com
mending her soul to God, when the
gallant leader said bluudly: 'Don't be
alarmed madame; we are gentlemen, and
would not be guilty of cruelty to the fair
sex. You have enly to give us your
keys and toll ns where your money and
jewelry are to be fouud.' The keys were
delivered to the bandits, and informa
tion given regarding all valuables m the
house. Whiie they were ransacking
bureaus aDd wardrobes, the bereaved
wife was sobbing ou the breast of her
dead husband. As tho robbers were
about to depart one of them, approach
ing the sorrowing widow with a jewel
box iu his hand said:
'Madame, our captain presents his
compliments, and desires me to say if
among these jewels there is anything
you desire to retain ai a memento of the
deceased, you are at liberty to do so; wo
are gentlemen,' The only response to
this polite offer was a glauce of horror
and a gesture of contempt as the afflict
ed woman again bent over the body of
her beloved husband. A moment after
she heard tho chief say, 'Madame, I
have the honor to bid you adijn,' and,
looking up, she saw the three masrod
gentlemen, hat in hand, bowing them
selves gracefully out of her chamber.
Kavnges of the Hocr Disease.
About twenty-five years ago a disease
made its uppenrauce among hogs in some
of tho great hog-growing states of the
West. It attracted but little attention
ut first, but as it continued to spread
from one state to another, and seemed
to become more fatal with eveiyrtcur
nug year, farmers uud stock-growers,
and tccasioniilly a physician aDd sur
geon, would devote a littlo attentkn to
a cursory investigation of the malady,
but no definite results were obtained
until very recently not until Congress
made an appropriation to commerce and
carry forward au investigation which
should result in revealing the truo na
ture and cause of this disease. The in
vestigation has not yet been completed,
but the infectious and contagious char
acter of swine plague has been deter
mined beyond question. For nvjral
years past the losses from this disease
have been estimated at from 520,000,000
to $25 000,COO per annum. Tho disease
has prevailed in this country for near a
quarter of a century, aud if we place the
annual losses during the past decade at
$ 15,000,000 per annum, we have a total
loss, sustained prii c'pally by the farmers
of the country, of gKO.OJO.OOO. For
the other llfteeu years of the compara
tive infancy of the disease the losses no
doubt amounted to as much more,
making tho total loss from this one
disease of 8300,000,000.
Ilenl thiol Cit in the I niteil States
In the annual tables cif vital statistics,
latoly published by tho health depart
ment of New York city, urnoug tho ex
hibits is the comparative death rate of
various cities, Auierieau aud foreigu.
The exhibit gives the population aud
death rate of over three hundred and
lifly cities in different parts of the world,
of which sixty are Amerieim and the re
mniuder foreign. It appears from these
tables that the city of Burlington, Iowa,
with a population iu 1875 of about 20,
(MlO, enjoys iho pre-eminence for health,
its annual death rate being only 4,8-1
deaths per 1,00.) pouts., Sloektoii, (Jul.,
stands lu ii, 7-47; but this is 02 per t'eul
more unheal! by than Burlington. Tin-re
are probably a few, but only a few, more
fuvoted places; ihau the latter in nil the
world. Tim death rate for New Yoik
City is 2'1 IM per l.tlilll; New Orient's,
50.71; Loud. -il, 21 40; l,ris, 24 71.
Among the chuttt I mortgages recorded
at the register's lliee, New York, was
one trom General iaspar Sanchez O.'hoa,
iudiviiiually and us an aecnt of the Re
public of Mexico, to Kuuuiel lii.miiftii,
of Hull Francisco, It was made at San
Francisco, September 2''., 18(55, for a
loan for sixty days of 84'1,47H 2(5. It was
a lien on 810.000,000 Mex eiu bonds,
which were deposited at the time with
the Bank of Commerce of this city as
socurity. It has been recorded at San
Francisco, and the reasou for recording
it there at this late date could not bo
Paris is to have the time of day sup
plied to it from i v observatory in the
same manner as gas and water.
ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST.
One hundred and seventy-five persons
were hanged in the United Slates last
year, more erless satisfactorily.
Ou Christ man day at 1'slatka, Fla.,
tho thermometer ngistered eighty-five
degrees in tho shade. How iB that for
'J 1 1 new freight steamer nansa, run
ning from New York to Bremen, went
a-diorc ou an island in the South Sea,
and it is i xpecled will be a total wreck.
Iu Mexico they tat salt with their
orauges, both because they prefer the
last so seasoned aud because tbey are
considered to be more wholesome with
Tho lute A. K Hlmrtleff, of Portland,
Maine, left 5,000 to the Muiue General
Hospital, ?5,(I00 to the Aged Women's
Homo, aud 85,000 to the Female Orphan
Asylum of Portland.
A colored woman known as "Old Aunt
Hager" died at North Adams, Mass., at
the age of one hundred and fifteen years.
She had boen supported by the town for
the lait twetty years.
The late William Ripley, of Colum
bus, Ohio, has bequeathed to the Wes
leyau University, Middletown, Con
necticut, 75,000, to endow a chair to be
called the Ripley Professorship.
Commissioner Le Due proposes to nsk
Congress to establish a tea farm, where
the plant can be raised without Chinese
cheap labor and under the affectionate
eye of a maternal government.
A proposition has been made for estab
lishing an experimental governmental
tea farm at the South. The cultivation
of tea in British India commenced with
farms established by tl e British gov
ernment. A gentleman and sister named Munoz,
were arrested at three different points in
Cuba, for alleged spies. At Havana, the
last point wheie arrestod, they were re
leased with orders to leave the island.
The matter has been brought before our
The Japanese make a very curious
and uandsome kind of copper by casting
it under water, the metal being highly
heated and the water also being hot.
Tho result is a beautiful rose colored
tint, which is not affected by exposure
to the atmosphere.
Mr. J. C. Flood has just bestowed a
pleasant little amount of pin-money
upon his daughter, Miss Jennie Flood;
he has registered $2,510,000 in United
States bonds in her name. This gift
provides for her an income of if 100,000
The friends of Mr. Bancroft, tho his
torian, will bo glad to know that he has
not, as has been reported, been com
pelled by failing health to forego his
usual exercise ou horseback. On the
contrary, he has just bought a Kentuoky
thorough-bred horse, and takes daily
rides upon the ahimal.
The executive committee reported that
of the entire estimated cost of the bridge
connecting New York and Brooklyn,
S13,708,02(!.CO; $ll,70C,457.f2 had been
expended, leaving the estimated amount
to complete the work 82,001,504.1)8. To
this is to be added the estimate for
advance in cost of materials, making the
requisite amount 2,250,000.
Malignant diphtheria is invading some
of the most elegant residences of the city
of Boston, and proving fatal to its in
mates. According to local newspapers,
some of the most aristocratio streets of
Boston are upou 'maJe land,' which has
been reclaimed from the ocean by filling
in the bay. In consequence of bad
drainage a pestilential miasma arises
wheu the tide is low, bearing disease
uud death to those who dwell iu costly
W. W. Nottingham appeared at the
Central police station, Milwaukee, and
asked to be taken into custody for mur
der, lie stated that six years ago he
shot and killed one John Gaylor in a
sireet fight in Norfolk, Va., though the
the shot was intended for auother man.
Ever since, the face of the victim has
beeu constantly before him, and he now
wants to be taken back to Norfolk and
punished for the murder. He will
probably be sent to Norfolk.
The cotton mills at Augusta, Ga.,
make a handsome exhibit iu the way of
dividends iu closing up the year. The
Grauitevillo Manufacturing Company
declared a quarterly dividend of three
percent, ou its capital stock of $(500,000;
tho Augnsta Manufacturing Company
dielared u quarterly dividend of two per
cent, on its capital stock of $(500,000,
and the Lauley Manufacturing Com
pany has declared a semi-annual divi
dend of four per cent, ou its capital
stock of 100,000.
Gun cotton in prepared by dipping
cellular tissue, viz. : cotton, sawdust or
printing paper, iu strong nitric acid
(aquafortis). It is thea to be carefully
washed and dried. 11 is not materially
changed iu appearuuee. 11 explodes
at tho heat of boiling water (212) de
grees. It explodes with much greater
violence aud suddenness than gun pow
der, and for that reasou is more liable
to burst a gun. See what a power sleeps
in onr ignorance. Take a saw and out
np a bit of deal board, a bit of dried
pine board. Make a teacupful of dust.
Steep this in a saucer full of aquafortis,
and this single cupful of compound,
filled into a tin vessel and inserted into
tho basement wall of a building, will,
wheu exploded, blow it to pieces.