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H. A. LONDON, Jr.,
r.niTult AND 1'Rol'KIETOlt.
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PITTSBORO', CHATHAM CO., X. C, JULY I, 1880.
JOHN M. MORINC.
Attorney at Law,
Itlorlngsvllle, Chatham Co., N. C.
: HN M MiBINO, ALFRED A. MnKTKO,
Of Chatham. Of Orange
MORINC & MORINC,
Attornoya At Ijnw
Pl HIIAll, n. c.
All butineM iutrosted to them will receive
H. A. LONEJOW, Jr..
Attorney at Law,
HaTSpecial Attention r'fiicl ti
W . ANnF.KSoJJ.
P. A. WILEY,
CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK,
;tti.Ki;jf, . '.
J.D.WILLIAMS & CO.,
Greece:, Csnunh"i::i Merchants and
FAYETTE VILLE. N. C .
Certain and Reliable!
IIOAAltn-s XSPM.l.TIiLK WOltl.li V.V.-
,l''.m:d i::::u:in- roi; vx-'iiJU
I IlilW f,;f l-.l'il by W. 1. t.OTld'lll. iu l'liti-lcro.
All th':n) R'n.ii''ii will tli"i IVl
srn ili-i' 1 1 ) ctll nl f t ft i m lifgo i f thin
liild.ir.'.nilv. T'lii) con jiiiiixl is po hr.ni
bug, bit "-.i'l hnv.. OtM aigenl r.i;'c!
in every I -o :! in tl.n h'-it". Fur j'.-tion'irs
IiUk .!i-liit: 3 rtv.t efanp. Jo J J!
IIOWAHI'. Mt. Ohvo, Wavnecoim"-. S.'.
JAOOll 8. AliLES.
ritKD. a wvr-.o:-,
Of I'll .11l.ll! .
JACOB S. ALLEN & CO.,
uiiii uiuuiifiw t in n
Sash, Doors. Blinds. Mould
and all kiudit ol Ornamental, Scroll nn 1
Turned Work ; Window and Door Franicii
malo to Order.
tt" Give ns a oall before ordering.
(Shops located on Hsrrinpton street,
whnre if c"w tbo ltileih "ml Gaston
T. H. BBI0GS i SONS,
KALEIGH, IM . C .
wa(;o. and n;jv maiiiictvi,
Stoves. Nails and Iron.
AND rlSHINCi T.U'KM'
Hcnd for n Haniplo Caul of
'"Town V Coiiiilr.v"
KKAIIY MIXi.ll PAINTS.
It is the Best.
V offer Ht ioo ' nt Lowest lricii.
Spring Wagons, &c
made of tbo best niattruUM ai d fully uurmnt
ed, to be roll regardlemi of ooHt. I'artnnli.
wast will oonsnlt their own iutrret by ipni
iniog onratock and pnoe before bntini:, a
we are determined to k1, and have cut dovn
our jiricoa ao they cannot be met by any other
hou'a in the Htate.
AUo ft fall (tack of.
Ilniid Inl IfiiriiomM
KKPAIKlNa done at bottom priiea, and in
Bend or prioea and onta.
A. A. McKETiTaS , BOSS.
Fayi.feville, N. C.
t. II. CAMERON." 1-mi.lmt.
V. . ANUK.KSON. Vi-t l'r'.
V. II. II It Kt. St'y
The only Home Life Insurance Co. in
All IU fund loaned out AT IIOMK, mnl
arnone our own people. Wc do iml t I
North Carolina money alirosd lobnilil npoili. f
Hi ales. It i one of tho most aucT-liil nn.
patile of Ha ae in the CuiUd 8t.it!. It
hi'U are amply aulllc it'lil. All
promptly. Kiirht thousand dnllnra fml.l In tin i
Ian two years tofamilie in t 'li:itli:iin. llwiH
oat it man aired thirty yearn only live : ni I
day to lnoiire f,ir one lhnuand ilolliir.
Apply for further Information to
H. A. LONDON, Jr., Gen. Aqt.
riTTS130ltC, ?'. C.
The lilgber Cooragr.
You tell me that Me ia not what I dra&m,
That man u aolflsh, and woman vain;
iTiat the etrong are made alrong through
And the wise are wise but in beaHng pain;
That our aoulf are filled with earthly (hurt,
Tho tlory lades from our tkioa away,
And tho haman heart, like the mountain
Sings a song ol (rief on tho brihtcV. 'v.
Tet must wo live lor potty alms,
And say perlection exists nowhore f
I sen oat honso-planU well, what then T
The fields are Rreen, and the hill axe fair
Better itood dreams tlmn evil facta,
A noble faith than ignoble deeds.
My path may not run through Irnfta and
Must I therefore All my hands with weed. ?
I know, I know thoy must die away,
The altar-lights of the misty dawn ;
Wei worship no more at the shrines ol youtu.
Their MoU aro broken, their ispleii lo- jo-in
Vet, hopinR on nsbent wn limy,
Whatever makers or wlm'.evcr urn,
It cfiii bo no crime, il our feot crow tirr-1,
Though th J dust bo nouieat, to K-ok ut thu
Sny! find no li ult with the woiM ns it
TIioiikIi tho end ol 'ill you tuny not teo.
Kuctd arc (iod's thou'in, my riei.dj mil
What intiixl hut renlity?
Vo muE t liibor on till tho lmiK day's clovoj
Wo plinli know lilo's meiiuin.; then. Oh,
,Ve iiriy find it truo in thn end who knows ?
l'h'l old tulo of tho ii;f 1 nml Isntel.
Augwlnt Jt. Lord.
RULED BY THE VIGILANTES.
Tlio recent twenty-fourth jinntTrr'snry
afthf murder of James Kino;, editor of
tlio Sun Friincisco Jiulktin, led C. I..
Divine, foreman in the olVioe of the In
.!i!i!i:ilioliHtiinr?vii. to tell a reporter the
l'i!!owiiiif stirring ineidenU of Caiifor
dia's early days:
I wiw in San Francisco in 1.V, mim!
ltl'.ir-i had grown from bad to worse,
titilii ti,r; w;is no protection whatever
lo either life or property. Outlaw:--.
from ail part of the world had llockni
.here, chic lly from tlio larno cities of
-he Atlantic State, nnd desperadoes
from Australia. Murder was nhnost of
.very-day occurrence. I wassetlinirtypc
:n ttie S.m Francisco (i abc; myself and
jtlicr printers, when our work was done
it lit u lit or in the early morning, always
arranged to (to home in squalls of full i
yr live for self protection, carrying our
revolvers in our hands. You can have
no Idea of tho law !esncss th.it prevailed
Ihere. nor of the desperate roughs who
required the heroic treatment of a vigi
lance committee. Dut the work Hone
by that committee was: one of purifica
tion, and for nearly twenty yearn after
the moral atmosphere that pervaded
San Francisco wa-s delightful. What I
think started the vigilant" committee
of that year w is the murder of General
Hichardson, United Stales marshal, by
gambler named Cora. Holla Cora, the
wile of this man, was notorious, beauti
ful nnd wealthy. One night at the
theater General Richardson, through
his opera-glass, gazed on this woman.
A I said, she was a woman of remark
able beauty, and he looked long and
seatchingly at her. She, it seems, be
came angry, and, considerini; herself in
suited, took offense. She told Cora thai
tdie never would bo satislied until he had
killed General Hichardson, and lie.
promised her to do the deed.
A night or two after this Cora met
the general in the Blue Wine, a granil
drinking saloon of that day, and charged
the iatter with theollense. The general
explained that he had not intentionally
insulted the lady, and made ample apol
ogies. The two men then took a drink
together thn California way of set
tling small difficulties and stepped out
nf the saloon to the pavement. A mo
ment after a pistol shot was heard.
Cora had treacherously killed Hichard
son, and the woman was avenged. He
was arrested and taken to jail, as ho ex
pected to be a mere formality, as a
murder amounted to nothing evept a
mere matter of money to biibe justice,
for the judges were notoriously corrupt.
The sheriff was Dave Sciuiuell, a rough,
mid a particular friend of Cora. Tho
citizens murmured, but it was only an
other man knliai. There was nothing
to be done. There would be, as there
iiad been before, a trial by jury, the
peers would disagree, nnd soon nftcr,
the excitement having subsided, at tlio
tho next trial the jury would acquit.
James King, called James King of
William to distinguish him from an
other of the same name, bad just
started the San Franoiseo Evcnitu) Bul
letin, lie was an honest fearless man
and began to lash tho scoundrels who
infested the Golden Gate without mercy.
He assailed them openly and fearlessly.
He exposed the villainy of Ned
McC.owiin, Hilly Mulligan, Jim Casey,
Charley D. nnd others, bal.ot-box stuff
ers nnd thieves generally, and they saw
that he had to be fcot out of th way.
The three named and one or two others
threw dice to sec who was to kill King,
and the lot fell to Casey.
On thn fourteenth day of May, IH50,
the afternoon that King was killed. I
was working at my case in the Glohc
office, opposite Wells & Fargo's. Casey,
who had been lurking about Wells,
Fargo & Co.V, stood in the door as .lames
King emuu down the street, going di
agonnfly across the street to Mont
gomery block. When begot about ha!1
way aeros, Casey, following at bis back,
called out to him. Kinir turned, nnd as
he turned Cas-y fired, shooting him in
the breast. When the who1- was tired
Mime printer (we all heard the report)
said: "There's another man gone!'
nnd we all went to the windows to look
out. One of thecoinpositors said : "Jlv
Hod! that's Janus King of the m7i fij."
Casey nnd his friends had planned
everything beforehand. As soon as be
shot King, Casey gave himself up to
his confederatif. Sheriff Dave Scannell.
and went to jail. What Kin? wrote of
Casey v::r. that lie Was an i scaped tni
vict from Sing Sing. Weil, ih new
of the murder went over the city like
wild lire, crating intense excitem-" i'
everywhere. Business house? were ciowd
and merchants, mechanics, the best
citizens, came out in the s! reets. There
wen- uiu speaking at nearly every street
eorne. urging that tho time had conn
for the people to take the law into their
own hands. A printer, named An
drews, and myself with others spoke at
the corner of Merchant and Montgom
ery streets. It was tho first and only
speech I ever made in my life. As 1
finished speaking a man came up and
sa'd he wanted Andrews p.nd !:ie. We
toiik 'Vir il printers we knew aad wv i
with the stranger to a lir .e wn:v!cii-e
on San-om street, and were there tod
that a vigilance committee was form
ing. We register! d our names, and
were each riven a Miuibernnd went on'.
My number was sJ.KO. No man got inlo
that organization unless fully vouched
for as thoroughly reiiaole.
We met in ala.rgi' hall the next night
nr two after iakia'ioa, and were put
into companies, elce:i:i:f our own offi
cers and forming regiments. No man
was called by name; each had his num
ber. Wc were armed :t lirst in all sorts
of ways revolvers, knives, clubs, any
thing; but wo sinn provided ourselves
with muskets .and ammunition. Our
force soon rose to 0,0110 men, and wa
compose.! of cavalry, artillery, mounted
riflemen and infantry. Who was the
leader? I never knew any leader. AH
our orders came from "Thirty-three,
secretary, by order of tho committee'
We look a lar building in .Sansom
street next, in which wo made cells,
court-room, stora . rooms for arms,
and all nccossarv .apartments. This
building was got u n-.ier with a oi.s
patch that rivaled erection of Alad
din's palace. It .-. 1' eoughly guarded
at every point. "1 'li" grouin' wuv
sand-hag I'mbankm tr '. and there were
lour cannon ipo 1 ; - f, while num
erous project il.' of nrti.il T.Y
Wert pointc I don': it the 10 !- !
adj iceht buiidiu.'-. I v-' were (i.' iiu
Uiud of small arin -i tliirty cannon.
A luivc ,. ,vai p,.;' i.l on ii,n' .(liar
Icrs iu Sa; e.uti str.'.-t, and when three
taps were sounded every vi :ieiii'.o wa
ll) comij in .luuly to the couiiiiiuoi
Governor Johson called this upraisin::
of citizens an iii'iiirection. rebellion and
other harsh names, and i.-ued a pro
clamation taking measures to put us
down. Then we had offers of help from
all parts of the State. Word came
Irom the mines and from the towns
everywhere. Sacramento offered thou
sands of men, il necessary, to help us.
Many ol the thieves and ballot-box
duffers look the alarm and lied. On
Sunday, May lrt, lrtjii, three taps were
sounded on the hell on the roof of th"
committee-rooms, and the vigilantes
came to headnuarters, Il.tuto strong.
They were completely organized and
fully armed. Everybody understood
what was going to happen as two com
panies marched to the jail. Sheriff
Scannell was on thn roof of the jail,
which was flat, with 11 posse, and the
demand came from tho vigilantes for
Casey to be delivered up to them. Scan
noil replied that, he would protect
Casey with his life. The companies
then lell back for orders, wlun a bat
tery came up, supported by the entire
3,000 vigilantes, and was planted in
front of the jail. The man in command
of the battery then demanded the sur
render of Casey, and, drawing his
watch, gave Scannell three minii'es to
consider the demand. Scannell par
leyed untiltwo minutes of the time had
passed, and then came down and threw
open the jail doors. Asasiuad ol vigi
lantes passed by Cora's ceil with Casey
the former cried out. "Jim Ca-ey.
you've signed my death warrant."
Casey was put in a carriage, surrounded
by the citizen soldo ry. and taken to
the committee-n is. The vigil.inles
then returned and demanded Cora, who
was immediately surrendered ami
brought- lo the rooms.
CVcy and Cora wi re then brouubt to
trial in the court-room ol the vigilanli s.
They were allowed witnesses and coun
sel, and thn trial was conducted with
fairness, except that all technicalities
wcreruled out. No names were used iu
this trial, th ! judge, jury and all the of
ficers of the court being de.-ignated by
numbers. One of the provisions ol" the
constitution of the vigilantes was that
no person brought before the committee
idiould be punished without a fair trial
and conviction. If arrested and tried
thieves, gamblers and dangerous men,
as well as murderers, and in cases of con
viction there (were but two penalties
death by the rope or banishment. Dur
ing its short rt'Un it tried and disposed
of over thiity oa.s s brought before it
hundreds tli d without waiting for trial
and of these, four; were hanged. It
was said that after Corn was taken from
the jail the wicked worn in who hsd in
stigated the murder offered $rO.(Mifl to
any one who would get him out of the
hands of the committee. But there was
no way of bribing or escaping thai stem,
On the twenly-second of May. Casey
and Cora, ailera fair trial, were hanged
roai the windows of the conitiiilliv
rooms. A beam of wood proiectod from
ftboveeachof two windows, from which
dangled a rope. A plank was at the
foot of each ol tne two windows and on
mob stood a condemned man Casey on
one. Cora on the other. They were not
The funeral of James King took place
on the lame day. It was passing down
Montgomery street just as the final ar
rangements in the tragedy in which
these two men formed the awful central
figures were being completed. As the
hearse crossed Sansom street, standing
on the boards at thn windows, their
brads in tho noose, they could plainly
see the si'Uher vehielj ns it drew its
dread length along. As it crossed lue
street and receded from their sight the
hoards fell from beneath their feet.
The vigilantes continued the work
thus begun, arresting, trying and fixing
the punishment of the criminals brought
beforo their tribunal.
Among the arrests made by the com
mittee was the noted pugilist, " Yankee;
Sullivan." He was arrested and tried
for ballot-box stuffing, a crime in which
no had been so notorious that he feared
thr committee would hang him. lb
was cotili-.ed in a cell after trial, and
would probably have got no heavier
ntenee thin bani-iinient, but he got
.-carc.l, and at ni,rht, in his cell, com
mitted stiieid". Sonie one had given
him a boiiie of ale or porter. He brokr
the bottle, and with the sharp gl.vs cut
the veins in his left arm and bled to
death, lie was found stiff and cold,
dead in his cell, the next morning.
Only two other men were hanged by
the committee. One of them was not a
man in years, though a monster in hu
man form. His na ue was Brace, lb
was a hack-driver, and only nineteen
years of age. He had been tried for
murder on more than one occasion in
!i.! courts, but escaped without diffi
culty. When tried by tin: committer
no less than fourteen murders were
found to have been committed by him.
H" would gf-t a person into his hack.
h ive out upon tin: sand, and putting a
revolver to the head of the helaless pas
setiei r blow his brains out. Then he
votiid rob him.
Ibth'-riPiton was a vv.i'ihy des
iii riii'o. lb1 h.i.- ;lli been tri 'd for mur-
!i r, but escaped I rout punishment
!iro!i;:!i the use of money. In July tin
boll on the committee rooms rang out
three ti a s. Heihepngton lied gone in
lolhe Metropolitan hotel, and had there
ne t Dr. It indall. Bandall watt standing
near a clgar-crtse as llethei'ington ao
pronehcil him, tailing n note from hi
p.ieltet. which he held before the former,
'- .in:r him if he would p y that now.
i:-:!iihi:l s:iiil he couldn't pay it then.
ill w.niid I'm it soon. "Take 'hat.
then," sail', lb'ther'uigUm, firing two
-hots. In an in-tant several vigilant"
they were everywhere nath. -red
around 1 1 i 1 il and took him lo the
rooms. Tin' cause of the ringing of the
hell was that a report had been received
that the "law and order" party in
ended a rescue.
Brace and Hetheringlon were not
ctnired I ii nil the windows of the rooms
is Casey and Cora had been, but IV0111 a
- aMl'iiid erected half as'iuareaway iu the
The iittle notices sent out to the evil-
I..1 rs by ".TI" lead very plain. Tiler.'
was no style about them, but as a gen
ral thing, wlrn a "spoiled" individual
got one of these notices he disappeared
as soon as posil!o. and the places that
had known him knew him no more for
ever. It simply said: "You are or
dered by the committee to leave in--iant..v,
or in twenty-four or thirty-sh
hours." as tho case might be, and it was
signed "XI. secretary."
The c is - of Judge Terry, a.s near as I
can now call il to mind, was this: A
man nailed Hopkins had an order from
,'!: " for the arrest of some offend r.
and went into a business house to :tr
r. st his man. Judge Terry, United
Stales judge, interfered with tin: arta st
'n some way; there w.w a snillle, and
ihr iudge with a knife stabbed Hopkins
iu the neck. Terry was instantly in
i. sted anil hurried to the rooms of ll.e
committee. Hopkins, badly wounded,
was taken with the most considerate
teinloriie.s to an engine-house near by
II, re everything was speedily tilted up
tor his reception. Tin surroundings
wee made luxurious; ladies came and
t.urs"d him; the best medical aid to be
had wni'ed upon him; ropes were
-.retched about the building along the
-irects to keep vehicles and foot pas-sei'j-'i
rs at a distance; sawdual was
s.aead upon the streets to deaden sound.
The li'eof a United Stabs judge him
upon a very frail ttnure for days and
weeks. Had Hopkins elicit Terry woit. l
undoel,'. diy have been banned, am.
laid I . i iek would not ultirwai.l
hav died at Terry's hands.
The law and order party applied to
the commander of a United States ves
sel in the bay tor assistance, saying that
the United State judge was in ti.ell anils
of rioters. The commander sent
word to the committee to deliver Judge
Terry on his vessel by three o'clock in
the alternoon of that day. or he would
open lire on the committen building.
The guns of the vessel were turned
broadside to the rooms, and it looked
as if we were actually going to coup in
conflict wilh the United St itcs author
ities. The guns of the vigilantes were
then trained on th" vesel. and we sent
back the dcliaiice that in case the vessel
opened lire we would blow her out of
the bay. The committee had, however,
in t he meant im". si nt word Commo
dore Stockton. I think, at M ire island,
and he reeognizhi g the gravity of the
situ- lion, ordi r- d the vissel to leave lor
the .Sandwich islands, and at 3 m ,
in-bad of Judge TVrry being de.ivercd
lo tha' ship, rhe had Ic r no-c !ur:n d to
the pia id waters of II tiolu'u. Terry
wa-hei.l lor : v ai v c. l;s, until Hop
kins' 1:1 oviy wis as-ui.. I.
The ciil i,;. then, things having
H'li. I' d down, concluded to again put
thcii iriMt in an election- Tho ballot-
box "tuff rs, thieves tn.l blacklegs had
bein thoroughly wiped out, though a
frarnieni of opposition, the " law and
order part v." yet remained. The elec
tion came off. and the " people's ticket "
was triuuiiiliai.t ,y elected.
The vigilantes Im l done their work,
and done it well. They threw open the
doors of the c nnmitlee building for
pul:ie it;s;,.,.t ion, ,'i'id for two days a
stream of people pouted through the
rooms, looking at everything. The
weapons that were taken from the mur
derous bullies, and the implements r.f
the thieves, burglars, gamblers and
ballot-liox s'uffers were all shown and
examined by thotisinds of curious eyes.
In September tlio vigilantes paraded
through the principal at reels. Eight
thousand a.s brave men as ever stepped
together, who had routed villainy and
murder in their stronghold, nnd made
California inhabitable. There were
cavalry, infantry, artillery every
bran"h of the service and they marched
proudly, as indeed they had good caus
to do. Then they dis'ianded. each man
settling down uietly to his work.
Taxe-caaie down; there va the most
perfect security to iifc and property,
rmd fir two long decades San Francisco
was noted as a quiet city.
A Building's Vicissitudes.
Madison square garden, in New York,
has been t he sconcof many cata-trotihes
since its erection, accidents of a serious
nature having fre.jucntly occurred
there. In May, 1871. a tire broke out
and threatened lo ns-ume gigantic pro
poitioi.s. bill owing to th" pr.'M nee of
mind di-plnytd by the oll'e ia s il was
'xtingttished nfur i.-hl ihilnngi: had
hi en done. I )a Mmvli B!. la-t yar,
whiie th" international va,l;ing match
was in pror.ps. a ga:Iery gave way,
I'tn ipitat itg a liutidml people to the
-round, iiilii 'ting injuries more or less
serious 0:1 mnny of i's oeir.pants, and
can 'ng al 1 cilenn nt in the city.
Whi;e in the I 'linis of Mr. Itanium,
who us. d it as a hippodivrue, many
ilarinia g ai - idelils happened in the
ring. Circus rideis were thrown from
tin ir'liots.s, p rfcrna is on the trMp z -f
ii headlong to th" ground, and broken
limbs and r.ickeil heads were the rule
md not the exception among the em
ployes ol the show. The re.a nt
iaiiieiitahl'.' calamity, however, iti
whi 'li four p- 1 ' a s o.-t their livi s by a
lal.ing v,.'l . excci ds any that has as yet
i.eclii 11 ii in !b" lull. ding, disastrous as
the 1, cord of p e iot.s misloitums un
The h'. '.i 1 y of ihe si I'Uetili'e is indeed
1 check' red The place has I n
u-ed at vaeh.tts titii'S within th' last
fifteen y u s 1 a railroad depot, a hippo
drome, a r.i ' oii:-e. a l' iiina-ium . a
house ef wi.r.' hip. a ballroom, an agt i
m.tural b ill. mid has h-cn the scent of
-1 vi ral " g.i-a-you-pli asu" eix day
in ilesU'ian coiile.-!.,
A Worthy Charily.
At the day nurserv for children in
Mulberry street, New Yir k. writes Mr.
Ithhingin ll-tiji. r'x M 'i 1. '.:. the elder
'hildreii arc provided wii.ii a mid-day
luncheon of bread nnd molasses, and
the younger ones with miik. Then is
a spacious and clean yard for the former
lo play in when the weather is fair, and
aehierful dormitory for th.: babies, a
score or more of whom were wrapped
in content men' and slumber, each in a
cot or cradle when we called a few
months ago. A charge of live cents a
day is made when the parents can afford
it. but it is oitcner remitted than paid,
and only in a few instances litis th1'
charily been abused by the failure of a
woman l come for her chilu in the
evi nlng. Wh' 11 aban lotimcnl h:us been
a't'-mplcl it has been ch'-eVed. and -o
lar Irom ic. g.i ctirg thein lispring most
otthc niotlicts are in a hurry alter their
work to embrace the well-earcd-foi
babies and hear tin m home.
The work done by the Bussian Il' d
Cross society in Koumatiia during the
IIusso-Turkcy war has lately hc.-ii pre
pared and published. Altoi 'llea- eleven
ambulance trains were employed in the
conveyance of sick and wounded, four
being supplied by the military authori
ties and seven by the Red Cross societ y,
the total number transported by the
trains in 331 journeys amounting to-J,liiW
officers. 75.ii!i! men, mid l,3io sick or
wounded Turkish prisoners. Besides
these, 2J,i-17 sick and wounded officers
Mid wen were taken on specially hired
steamers down the Danube to Ibraila.
The personnel employed ty the Keil
Cross society comprised thirty-six dele
gates and fourteen agents for admisti a
tive purposes, forty lour surgeons, thirty-nine
medical students, lilry-three
dressers, forty-t liree female students and
dressers, und 51d sisters of mercy; while
the money expended amounted Mover
two million dollars. A large amount of
i loUiing and medical stores were also
!i '"ributod hs the s-v( v.
The wife of thr Chinese nmbnssader
nt I'.iris appeared at a n cent ball un
voted. She tottered about the liymis
on her little feet a ijllaint, smal.
woman, with her hair plastered down
to the sides of her whitewashed face
lor husband consented to her appear
ance nit cr a desperate struggle against
his prejudices, for a Chinaman who
knows t hat his w ife is gazed upon un
veiled is held to be dishonored. " t
was funny." says the correspondent,
"losec him trying to look t hi other way.
-o as not to incur the disgrace involved
in the knowledge of her presence. Oip
vomer ol an almond eye was fixed or,
vacancy, the other was watching the
w ife to see that she did not stumble ns
she walked about the rooms."
"Dear Old IV Was There.
It was dark in the rtepot one day lasl
week when the evening train came in.
An elderly farmer was hacked un against
the partition, watching in open
mouthed wonder the big puffing engine
and the yellow covered cars us they dis
charged their passengers, when a hand
some young girl in a sealskin cloak
dashed forward und throwing horse !
upon the honest crangers mai.ly l,re::.-t.
imprinted a ki.-s upon his sunhurnul
cheek and exclaimed :
"You dear o.d pi, I knew you would
bewailing for me! And h ,w's mother,
and how's Jennie and l.oivS Joan am!
oh! I'm so glad logo! ha.; and wherc's
my trunk and oh! pa, you take the
cheek and la's hurry."
The (granger was 0.1! :md kind of drier!
up. and he had never known what it
was to huve a wife, much less a daugh
ter, lie nil-'.m-t' d t ii-' young lady in
th" senl.skin sat k bad ma le a mi-take
but ins;, ad of -tai itiv rln ami lie'.n-
miiv: and hawin", h ne gallanlly up
to the scratch. a.; l tin-. win-.: bo; li nrin
aroun 1 the fair emit tiro, he laade ue
his mind to be a f.-itl.i r to h r or die in
the attempt. Imprinting a kis.i like
t lie report of a pis'.. I on herchcik 1c
1 llthu-ia-tica lly eincli luted :
"Oil, ; y r mother's well, -in' John an
Henry an' (smack) an' Jam-an Susai:
(smack, smack.) an' Horace m,' B 'lindy
an' Calvin (smack), an' Piter, (-mack,
smack.) oh, they're all smart an' hearty
By the time the young lady's friends
could get to her sip h:n slid into a
tony faint and tin y had to lug l.er
tioino in a bae!;. while the aged granger,
as he finished the third round with her
outraged yming man and sauntered out
of the depot, h aving him with a bad
'ye and a ruptured coal, chuckled to
" The old man's getting old an' stiff
in' careless like. but. when any young
females wants to play any games o'
Copenhagen, they'll find him right to
im . an' I shouldn't he s'prised if H
r lined 'fore nine o'clock. G'iang,
Kale!"- '"' kin'.'1 (.!. I t''tiiricr.
The present article is based on a valu
able paper by Dr. J. It. Black, in the
I'oimir Wi ncv MuntMy,
Seventy thousand persons in America
yearly die of consumption, most of
whom have inherited the disease. Vast
nimib' rs inherit a tendency to rheuma
tism, epilepsy, insanity, cancer, indiges
tion, migraine, neuralgia, asthma, and
to early loss of sight and hearing. No
01 her cause of griel and suffering com
pares w ith that line to organic def els
'landed down from paient to child. Of
our forty millions of people probably
twenty-six million inl erit me consti
tutional defect. But hitherto little h:us
hi en done lo arrest these tendencies.
Physicians are called only to the sick.
On the contrary, those who have in
h'Tited tendencies to dis. ase are gener
ally as careless ol their health as others;
while, in the ease of those who already
.-how the tendency, their friends are apt
to pursue just the course most likely to
si lengthen il. Fur i.istancc.a consump
tive is shut up from the outdoor air
and gentle exercise, though these aro
his only hope. Moreover, the whole
influence of our social life and practices
encourages the thought!) ss siiuandering
of vital n serve. As a consequence, we
are degeiierat itu as a people. The death
rale and birth-rate aresteadilyupproxi
muting. The difference is already less
in New England than in any country of
Europe, France alone excepted. Yet
there is no inherent difficulty in tho
way of extirpating henrlitary disease.
Hygienic cure would accomplish it
such care as can come only from amed
ieii expert, and such as we are all
ready to resort to in acute disease.
Able physicians have thus been able to
extirpate tubnvulur consumption from
themselves, their families, and descend
ants. Youth's Companion.
How to Become Kich.
You can iH'ob df.y ho rich, my son, if
you will be. Hjidi irukeup your mind
now thai you will be a rich man, and
s'icl, to it, there is very little doubt that
jou will be vi ry wealthy, tolerab.y
mean, loved a li.ile, hated a great deal,
have a big funeral, be blessed by I lie
relatives to whom you leave the most.
reviled by t hose to whom uli ieave
nothing, lint you must pay for it my
son. Wealth is an expensive thing. It
costs all it is worth. If you want to bo
worth a million dollars, it will cost
you just n million dollars to get it.
Broken friendships, intellectual starva
tion, loss ol social enjoyment, depriva
tion of generous impulses, the smother
ing of manly aspirations, a limited
wardrobe and a scanty table a lonely
home, because you fear a lovely wife
and beautiful home would be expensive
a iiat n d of t he heathen, a d:ead of the
contribution box, a haunting f nr of Hie
Woman's Aid society, a fearful dislike
of poor people because, they won't keep
their nii-cry out of your sight, a little
sbain benevolence that is worse that
none; oh, you can be rich, young man,
if you arc willing to pay Hie price. Any
man can get rich who doesn't think it
too expensive. True, you may be rich
and be a man among men, imble nnd
Christian and grand and true, serving
God and blessing humanity, but that
will be in spite of your wealth, and not
as a result of it. II. will he because you
always v re that kind of a man. Bulil
you want to be rich merely to be vicli, il
that is 1 he breadth and height of yom
ambition, you can be rich if you will
pay the price. And wflen you arc rich,
"on. call around at this office and pay
for I bis advice. We will let the interest
compound Irom Ibis date. Burlington
ITEMS OF CiEXEIUL I NIL BUM'.
A slrect-car motor, to be run by
quicksilver, is being made at Aurora,
111.; boo pounds of quicusilver are re
Tho newsnarjer owes its origin to
the custom which prevailed in Venieo
ir. the sixteeth century of reading alourl
in the public places a manuscript of
the news of tho day, prepared by au
A merchant of Portsmouth, England,
purposely began a ship on Friday,
launched her on Friday, named her tho
"Friday" ana gotacommanoer for her
ed Friday. She sailed from port
on a Friday, and was never heard of
again. Yet this proves nolning.
A French physician who has studied
the effect's of turpentine on some 300
painters, nrrivesatthc conclusion that
the injurious effects produced by turpen
tine fumes can never be sufficiently se
vere to cause death unless they are con
tained in a very confined space. Wilh
good ventilation no fear m ed be enter
tained of fatal effects from this cause.
In the Msthodist Protestant Confer
ence, Dr. L. W. Bstes offered an
amendment to the report ou ministerial
education, that the qnenfion, "Will yon
abstain from tobacco ?" bo Htrickeu out.
Tho C mfoieneo refused to accept tho
amt ndmcDt, and the report was adopted
The It-formed Pronbyterinn Synod of
Americo, iu session iu Philadelphia,
makes !ho following; nt'errmco t ffl-'ially:
Never was iiitl ielity morn bold or
blatant. Newspapers are published pro
fessedly iu tho ciu-e of inh.Je.hty, New
books are written anil old books reprint
ed, and lecturers fro from city to city
and towu to town in tins interests of the
pamo unholy caiiFe,"
A ton of wheat when carefully burned
leaves 28 24 pounds of nsb, while a ton
of straw will leave 60.13 pounds, and a
on of chaff 179.07 pounds. To know
this is of interest to tho wheat grower,
as it touches tho importation of return
ing tho htraw to the soil; and t;ro:it care
ought to bo taken of the chaff, for ono
ponud ns a fertilizer is as much as throe
pounds of straw, containing six timos as
much mineral mntsure asthogrniu itself.
The college book of Harvard rives
statistics showing that out id '.'13 Har
vvrd students who gradual "d between
IMHiatid Is75(inc!usiv. ) 3ii: were Uni
tarians or Liberals, 21 Episcopalians,
IJti Orthodox Congregation:! lists, 40
Baptists. ;!j Presbyterians, Pi Meth
odists, 1- S we lenborgiuns, 8 other
Trini irians.O Quaker-, 15 Ca'h dies. 9
Jews. 1 Mormon and 1 13 undecided.
Scats are furnished to students, at the
expense of the college, in any churoii of
their own election.
Leprosy is not uner mm on in Pan
Francisco among Chinamen. But il is
not paraded. Son e white men have it.
reputed to come from the Sandwich
isles. I'. is not contagious. The Ha
waiian government has for sixteen
years r jiiit $.'0,('00 a year in vain
effort to stamp it out. An island is set
apart for lepers. There arc 700 at
pn sent insulated and guarded. About
4iMl a year die, but new oius replace
them. Many are hid by families and
friencs. Those in San Francisco (s
caned sen tiny in emigrant ships from
China. They are (itiployed in cigar
The earth turns upon its axis with a
surface velocity of over l.ooo miles at
the equator, while at the pole the rate is
reduced to Z' ro. A scientific gunner
says that, under special circumstances,
heavy auns with long ranges have to bo
corrected for the different rate of rota
tion of the earth al the place from which
one is tired and the point where the shot
falls, wii'rdi ilifl'erence may cause as
much as two yards deflection to ono
side or the oilier in firing north or
south. The earth's rotation is thus
actually made visible.
D Manson has been commtinical ing
important information in regard to
iiiaria which are now proved to be
introduced into the human system by
the bite of mosquitoes. These lilnrint
arc small microscopic, worms, and Dr.
Malison spoke of their singular habit
of piriodica'.ly passing in and out oflho
blood circulalion.nnd gave a table show
ing the hour of the day and night at
which they were cither present or absent
in the blood. Tnise worms were re
markably punctual in keeping to their
appointed times. The evening inrush to
the circulation commences at abou
half-past seven, thn overcrowding tak
ing place about midnight. Dr. Manson
exhibited drawings and specimens of
the filarial in all its stages ot growth,
and also numerous infected mosquitoes.
Brigham VonngV Daughter's Opinion
of the Merman Clinrch.
One of the daughters of Brighton
Young, who was lately expelled from
the Mormon church for ming some of
the rascally hrethern who attempted to
rob her, when entreated to return to the
fold, replied: "My father, proplut
though you citil him, brosn many a
woman's heart. If it was required of mu
to break as many hearts and ruin as
many women as mv father did, I should
go to perdition before I would go buck
into the church. A religion which
breaks women's hearts and ruins them
is of the devil. Thai's what Mormon
ism docs. Don't talk to me of my