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II. V. I XIS ,
KhlTOtt AND l'Ktl'HIi;Ti.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
( inc copy, imi' your
iif copy, six months .
I t i copy, three iiinnllis
I I .Oil
Mien My Ship Ciinirs In.
Hninmor nml winter it.. in' ti inc,
And lliu tin v ilrilil. In- i: slotm ot i-hine,
-'or far hvvio., o'er n sunny sen,
Slii'stt lic'Siue vrs-tl, mill nil is mine.
I see tho ripples tlmt fall n"ny.
As slto clenvi'S lite iiiiiu uuvr- lu'l'orc;
Ami nnu it, netiri'i-. tin by tiny,
lmws flit liiiip hiiiir 1kii slit oi'iiii'P to
"Hut wlint il she never conies'" yon .my.
"Ilyon iii'vpi llir honor, tile Ireiisnie, gain'"
il lins inihlr mi- happier, tiny by tiny.
Il I i 1 1 - in-id lull in.iny mi iicliin p iii;
It Imi Kept I he -phil I'm mi envy tree.
Mils (lulled the rni tn the win Id'- rude 1in.
'ill' lie-l ol hle.-s ngs it'x In't n In mi'.
Tolonk (hi thelio ,l wlu'ii no hii iitit s in.
K ltim il S. Ha ml.
A TERRIBLE NIGHT.
"All, sir, I see? you're admiring my
flowers. Well, they arc pretty- that
they are -though I iloubt as flume
would call the marigolds anil carna
tions conitnon ainl old-fashioned. You
don't set; many of 'em now in ymirtine
new-fangled gardens, do you? It's a
pretty little, place this, ain't it, sir?
And it's my own, too my very own -
nnd will go to my grandson aftn- me.
He'a a good lad, he is it's him as looks
after Ihe garden. Mighty fund of
llowers ho is, and rarely proud he'll be,
I know, when ho hears as a lino town
gentleman has taken notice of 'em!
Ah, 1 was fond of gardening, too, in
niytinie! lint I'm getting an old man
now e.ghty-livo I am conm Christ
mas -and I can't expect to be spared
much longer, though I'm hale and
hearty yet, thank heaven! Ah, timer,
have altered, sir, since my young days!
For the better, you say? Well, things
are grander now than they weiv then
but somehow I seem to like the old
times he-t, perhaps because. I was
young ami strung in "em. And talk
ing of old times reminds nie of some
thing that once happened tome. Like
to bear i sir? Well, so yon shall, and
w Iconic, il you don't in i ml wasting
an hour or so with an old chap like
me. it down, then, on that bench
and make yourself comfortable.
"You've been to Chelmsford per
laps? Then lnayb.'' you know the
Saracen's Head?' Well, clo-e to where
that now stands there nseit to be i
o'.il inn called the 'Swan.' A queer
old place it was, to be sure, with its
casement and windows and overhang
ing gables. I was living at K;ilplian
then--its nigh upon sixty years ago -a
farmer 1 was, and hail been married
only a short time to a dear little wife
as I loved well and true till sh died,
"One cold Ie,'eniber day 1 started
for P.raintree, to look at some slock as
I thought of buying. As it was a two
days' journey, 1 meant to stop at
Chelmsford lor In.- night, and go on
ea. ly the next day. I didn't leave
home till about two, and I had a weary
road to travel, so that the darkness
came on before I rea died the gibbet on
the edge of the common; anil I can
tell yoi, my ilesh crawled, as the say
ing is, when I galloped past at full
speed. It was a bleak cold night, and
the road was bad, so that it was late
before I rode into Chelmsford.
"I put up at the sxvan' thai being
thi' first inn I caiip't - and win stand
ing watching the tidier rubbing down
my good old i ii are for I always at
tendelto that first thing- when the
landlord came slowlv out to me; he
was a short, sliHrp-faced man, with
great black eyes that had an uneasy
sort f look in "ein. I told him I'd
had a long ride and was glad enough
to get safe in'o his yard for I'd gold
about me an. I we'd heard horrible
tales of the robberies and murders on
the King's highway. Well, he showed
me into a long low room the kitchen
it was with a brick ilor and a bright
" 'There's a noisy lot in the parlor,
sir,' said he; you'll be ipiiet and cosy
here, fur mayb" you're tire I and chilly
after your ride in the wind.'
"I ordered a steak and, as I ate my
supper, I thought to myself that I
couldn't .veil have chosen a better
place than the Swan' to stop at.
After I had finished I called for pipes
and grog and sat by the lire with the
landlord, but I might in well have
been alone for he never spoke a word,
but sat .-daring into the tire with a
wicked look in his eyes that I didn't
like, though I didn't take much notice
of it then. Ah. 1 know now what his
thoughts were as h- gazed moodily in--to
the glowing coals! He was thinking
of the disgrace brought upon his name
by his only son, and wondering where
the money was to come from which
must be procured somehow if his boy
was to be saved from ruin. And then
no doubt he planned to murder me
ah. it's all true, sir -I've got his con
fession by me now and bury me
down by the riverside, in the meadow
behind the stable. Then he meant to
turn iiiv mare out. before dawn so that
the servants might think I had left
early; and then, you see, when it was
found, people would think something
had happened to mo on the road to
Hrainlree. Well, my companion
roused himself after a time and began
asking me what I thought of the coun
try, if J had ridden far, whether I had
been advised to put up at the Swan,
and such like questions. I answered
them freely enough, never supposing
that he asked them for any other pur
pose than just to keep up the conver
sation. 1 asked him to call me early
and he promised ho would do so.
"'I'll do it myself,' said he, 'for the
girl and the ostler will be abed.'
"Then he called bis wife and told
her to bring me a candle, which she
did. She was a coarse-looking, care
worn woman, and I noticed when she
showed ins? to my room thai her hand
was shaking, and her voice sounded
thick as she bade me a civil '(lood
niglit.' "My bedroom was a long low room
with queer old furniture, quaint
carved chairs and a great foiir-pust
bedstead which seemed as big as a
h"iuse. I'll' re wa '. no lock to lb')
door, and the bulls were, rusty, so 1
could only put the latch down. I
thought of putting a chair against it,
but that seemed childish and no pro
tection after all. The night was wet
and windy and the sky black as ink.
Try as I would I couldn't r.d to sleep,
and there I lay listening to 111 ghostly
tapping of the ivy leases against tho
window, and thinking of the evil look
in the landlord's eyes, and all the hor
rid stories I had ever read came
crowding into iny mind, when sudden
ly I stilted up in bed, wide awake
enough, for I heard something or some
one cliinbiug up the ivy to my win
dow. 1 lay with palpitat ing heart and
: twining eyes, listening to the, horri
ble ghostly rustling which every mo
ment sounded nearer.
"suddenly a thought struck me; and
1 arose, hastily smoothing the bed
clothes, as though tho bed bad not
been s'ept in. I had just time to
creep under the bed, when the window
was shaken open, and somebody softly
slippelin. It was a man. and, listen
ing intently, I heard him sigh wearily
I i hint '.. If, as if he were tired out.
Then he got into my bed, drew the
cl illies over him, and in a lew min
utes I heard him snoring. You can
imagine how pleasant I felt, and the
scamp had my money-bag under bis
pillow too! What was to be done? I
thought of my happy home and the
dear little wife now perhaps dreaming
of me and tho thought of her gave iiiu
courage. I determined to snatch at
my money and light for it with the un
seen visitor to the death, if need be. 1
was crawling from under the bed,
when 1 beard anothei sound, nearing
the door this time. In a minute the
latch wa quietly lifted, the door gent
ly pushed open, and I saw the landlord
glide into the room. Then a hand
holding a candle stole in at tho door
only a hand; but. I knew those quiver
ing lingers well enough. The man
er4t on tiptoe to the bed and, leaning
sol tly over the sleeper, stabbed him
to the heart. There was one deep
groan and all was over. The murder
er drew the money from under the
pillow and crept stealthily to the door,
glancing behind him as though he
feared the dead man would get up and
"Shaking all over and with hair o.i
cud I crawled from my hiding-place,
groped about the room for my clothes,
and, after standing a moment, daed
with horror, followed the guilty couple.
Their room w as almost opposite mine,
and I could see tho light under their
door, which was barely closed. I
pushed it open and eeped in. The
table faced 'ho door, and there they
stood with their backs to me. so intent
upon the money that I crept close to
them without being heard.
"'Look, look,' 1 heard tlie man whis
per -'there is more than enough to
save our boy. How they shine! And
all ours, wife ours!"
"No, mine, murderer!' I shouted
with a voice of thunder, and, snatch
ing the bag from his nerveless grasp, I
dished tho light from tho woman's
hand and fled back sw iftly to the room
where the dead man lay.
"Opening tho window, I groped
about with one hand for an ivy bough,
clinging somehow to the sill with the
other.and at last managed to scramble
down, reaching the ground bruised,
shaken, breathless. As I rested a mo
ment to get my breath, I heard from
the room above an awful cry sung out
in a woman's voice -
" 'My boy. my boy, my only son!'
I clambered over the gate which
led into the street. A watch-box
stood close by in the square, and I
hurriedly told my story to the wui Ch
ilian. He stared in hoiror. as well he
might, and wanted to fetch his mate;
but I told him wo were more than a
match for those we should find at the
inn, so he came with nie. A frighten
ed servant opened the door to us, and I
led the way to the room I bad just
PITTSB()li() CHATHAM CO., N. C SKI'TKMKHR 4, 1881.
quitted. Tho watchman bent down
and peered into the dead man's face.
'"Ah," he whispered, "it's as I farcd!
It's their own son--they didn't (.now
ho was home, and so they mhlook
him for you, sir.'
"I felt myself turn qiiPer and giddy,
for I knew the meaning of that pitilul
cry, 'My only son!"
"And what of the muiderer.s? I'hej
had not so much a tried to escape, and
the door wasn't even barred against
us. The woman lav moaning on tho
lloor; the lean sat huddled up in a
chair by the bed. When we enteiel
be held out his hands to be manacled
without uttering a word. When I
told him how it happened, that hi- -un
bad l.dleu a viiuni in.itead ut me, he
just stared in my face and made no
sign that lie heard the ghastly tale.
"Well. sir. that's about all. The
mother, poor soul, died raving mad,
and the man was hanged at Tyburn:
but not another word did be speak
from first to last, save once and that
was when the .Judge passe I sentence
on htm. Then be rai led his hea I. an 1,
: with a look in his eyes which I can
i nev(;r forge', he said
j "'An old, old man. my lord my
I only son!'
j "That's all, sir. The strangeststory
. you ever heard? Well, 1 daresay it is;
; tuit it's all true, every word of il: for
1 I've got thu papers l.i prove it, and, if
you'll be pleased to come in and seo
'ein, you'll be welcome as iluwers in
' May, that you will! Not now ? Well,
! then, I'll bid you good -day, and thank
i you kindly for letting nie talk to you,
I for it does me good to chat a bit some-
j times, that it do! Cold day. sir, and a
1 pleasant walk to oii!"
CMITIMiS K It 'III KIT RIOTS.
! In one species of spider the female
is :0o times larger than the male.
! The greenfinch begins to pipe at
! 1;:M o'clock in the morning, the black
: cap at ':diand the quad half an hour
j later. Tho sparrow is lazy and the
I last to rise.
! According to a recent authority, a
! Japanese fish known as the fuUn is so
I poisonou , that death follows alums
instantaneously after eating only t
; moderate piece of it.
The brilliancy in t he eyes of a cat is
caused by a carpet of glittering fibres
called the topeum. which lies behind
: the retina, and is a powerful reilei tor.
In perfect darknes- no light is observ
ed in their eyi s, a tact w hich has been
established by very careful rxperi"
; ments. Nevertheless, a very small
amount of light issuilicient to produce
, the luminous appearance.
Ouiing a man's lifetime of fifty
j years, according to a paper recently
i read before the acaMemy of science,
i Paris, he sleeps away an aggregate
of ti.iMV) days, works away the same
I period, eats away J.nnii days, walks
! away Sihi days, is ill during 'ii'ii days.
I and amuses himself the remainder of
! Iiist half century on earth.
I The barley broth, of which -the
j constable in Shakespeare's "Henry V.''
j spoke so contemptuously as the food
i of r.ngi.sh soldiers, was probably beer
which long before the time of Homy
: was so celebrated that it gave its
name to the plant, barley being -imply
! the beer plant.
Mahomet, we are told, bad a dove
' which he used to feed with wheat out
of his ear; when hungry the dove
lighted on bis shoulder, and thrust his
bill in to find his breakfast. Mahomet
: persuaded the rude and simple Ara
bians that it was the Holy (ihnst that
! gave him advice.
The private dwellings of (ireece
stood in no relation to the iiioniimcu
t;d public buildings. That we un
acquainted with no tlreck house is a
proof that these were of the same
subordii.ate importance as was the
family in the Hellenic State. The
' house was nothing more than the
1 scene of the family labors, and turned
! modestly inward, confined and simple
! chambers being grouped around a
; central court. The tireek spent most
of his time away from home, and it
was only at meal times and for sleep
j that he sought the retirement of his
How to Select Flour.
In selecting flour, first look to the
! color. If it is white with a yellowish,
i straw-color tint, buy it. If it is white
i with a bluish cast or with black
I specks in it. refuse it. Xevt examine
I its adhesiveness. Wet and knead a
little of it between your lingers; if it
works soft and sticky, it is pour. Then
throw a little lump of dried llo'ir
against a smooth surface; if it falls
like powder, it is ha I. Lastly squere
some of the flour tightly in your hand;
j if it retains the shape given by tho
pressure, that, too, is a bad sign. It
is safe to buy llour that will stand
; II these tests. These modes are given
1 y all old flour dealers, and they per
'ain to a matter that concerns everybody.
A Hrniiinsi I'liee hy tl""' Fend'
0i"l,l Hi'ii-.e M.infiqcr.
I'lie A.sa -iinat ion Followed hy the Till :
prisniiiili'Ht of Many Suspei ted Persons, j
A Washington xlur reporter finding i
himself eosilv mm I hi in the olliic at i
I'ord's t ip ra-Ilmise, and Harry Ford,
in a vein of reiniiiisi eiiee, led Mr. j
I'd l's iniiid back a score of yeais t"
the event: attending the assassinat h'n i
of I'reshl -nt Lincoln at the Tenth i
Si n et Tlealro. "The day of the j
assassinat oil," said Mr. Ford, "about i
I- in., I. h came down Tenth strc t
In the the,(!cr and stoppel there to j
lead a letter. I can remember very
well seeing him sitting on the steps
outside. I fold him then that Presi
dent Lincoln and tieneral (liant were '
coining to the theatre that night. I1
said that President Lincoln and (ienc- 1
ral (iraiil would occupy one box. and
added, ;i- il joke to lease him, that
JellVrsoM h.tvi and enera! Lee would
be in another In a. He denounced
( iencral Lec cry vigorously for ha-,
ing surrendered the sword of Virgin-,
ia. That exciting, after the perform-j
ance began, be came to the theatre,
:in i as li i piss'd t ie bix-oliicH hi'
looked into the window and. put' in.;
his arm through, pi i el a cigar which
he had partly stunned on a shelf inside ,
and said in a mock heroic stvle: !
XX' le -i -r Ihi, rit.ir earcj ,l,. l,n-,.
Mil- l,T-l l X II),... I l-. lll a.-,. Il.l ll.-I..
"Then he passed in'oiic theatre."
"hid heev r return for the eii.rar?"
asked the n.jc reporter.
"No. Those were the hist words I
ever heard him speak, lie must have
said them io mislead us, for bis plans,
jt seems xvere already laid and it was
part of the plan, as 1 heard afterwards,
that Payne was to assassinate Seward,
Aterott should kill Johnson at the
Kirkwood house, and 15 nit h shoot th--PivsM"iil
simultaneously. So he
knew ju t what be was v-oing to do,
mid hoxx much lime he had.
"Later in lite evening." continued
Mr. Ford, "we heard a pistol shot in
I he theatre, doe S ssfuid iind I were
in the Tfci-uier's oliii e. We thought
at lit'-t that il was the pistol tired by
Asa Trenchant in the play - Laura
Kcene was playing ( 1 1 r American
Cousin,' but then il struck us as a
little too early in the evening. We
opened a little xvindow that looked in
to the theatre and saw I tooth crouch
ing on the si age with a knife in hit
band. F.ven then xxe could not till
xx hat bad happened and no one seemed
to know. We thought at first that
some one had insulted liooth and he
had pursued the man across the stage.
A few minute-, which seemed an hour,
passed before the whole terrible truth
"Yiui were among i.iose who xvere
arrested, were you not?" asked the
"1 xxiis arrested. 1 think, on the
"suinlay following the assa-siiialion.
and taken down to the old Carroll
prison, fronting upon the Capitol
grounds. I was treasurer of the thea
tre, and my brother. James I. Ford,
I otter known as 'hi'-k" Ford, Was man
ager. My brother, John 'J'. Ford, who
oxvneil the theatre, xvas arrested .it his
home in lialhtuore after his return
from liichmntid. He had run down
there to see our uncle, mother's only
brother. Win. t ireaner. Nearly every
ane about the theatre- xvas put under
arrest the carpenter, the assistant
carpenter, the property man and ot hers.
Nearly every one around here profes
sionally related to liooth xvas arrested,
i ii 1 1 the Virginia and Maryland f.irin
rs iilong the river, xx ho w ere supposed
to have assisted liooth in his escape in
my xv ay. by harboring him. giving
liim fund or shelter, or boats, were ar
rested, and they were all sent, to the
prison where 1 xvas. So xxe had ph n-
v ol company.
' hid 1 enjoy it ? Well. 1 would not
have missed the experience for a great
.leal. II xvas a rare mixture desert
ers, bounty-jumpers and prisoners of
Mate, Coventors, legislators and men
if every stilt ion. Still it was rather
rough the lirst week. We were kept
in close and solitary contiiteinent.
F.ai h man had a room by himself and
Wiis not allowed to leave it. or to see
inyone. 1 remember that when my
brother was brought in 1 saw him in
the yard. The guards would not let
ne go to him or speak to him. After
lohn T. xvas arrested his family came
iver from Laltimore. His wife ap
plied to Secretary Stanton for a pass
,o go to the prison and see him, and
-tanton refused. There we were left
.iloiie in our dungeons in dreadful un
certainty. I remember the day of the
funeral ceremonies at the Capitol. 1
.ould sec nothing, but could hear the
solemn booming of gins, the dismal
Dealing of iiuiil'el drums, playing
lead marches, and the steady tramp of
it'll. That was not very cheering
usic for our ears. We did not knoxx
1,111 ,hfl r1"'1" ""'b- excitement
would limb (he prison and lynch us,
for some of the men arrested had been
stoned in the street. Our faro was
nirse prison food soup and beans
and drv bread."
I'F.AIM.S OF TIIOHillT.
The anticipation of pleasure otter
equals the plea- lire itself.
We liml nothing good in life but
what makes us forget it.
People are commonly so employed
in pointing out faults in lho-e before
them as to Corbet that sumo behind
may at the same time be descant ing on
The lightsome i ounteiiance of a
friend gixeth such an inxvaid decking
to the house where it bulge' h. that
proudest palaces have a cause to envy
' Speech is like the loth ol Arras,
opened and put abroad, xxln-ieby the
imagery doth appear in figure; where
as in thoughts they lie bui as in packs.
Many are ambitious ot saying
grand things that is, of being grand
iloquent. Kloqueiii t! is speaking out.
a quality few esteem and fewer ai t.
it is much easier to liml a score of
men wise enough to discover the truth
than to tin 1 one intrepid enough, in
the face of i position, to stand up ba
it. The action of man is a representa
tive type of his thought ami will: and
;i work of charity is a representative
type of the charity within the soul
The capacity of sorrow belongs to
our giaadciir: and the loftiest of our
race are those xxho hiive bad the pm
fo indesi grief, because Hey have had
the profoundest sympathies.
We learn our xirtues of the bosom
friends who love us; our faults from
the enemy who hates us. We can not
cisily discover our real form from a
friend. He is a mirror, on which the
warmth of our breath impedes the
clearness of our reilection.
A Fill) bulbil- bill.
"That'-;i I fellow." said an up-
ti.xvu manufacturer, pointing across
Cllt'sltllt street where Colonel Ludlow.
the chief of the water depart tit, was
waiting for a car. "Let me tell you
sometiiing that happened a few days
airo to a friend of mine, xvhuse large
establishment consumes a groat ileal of
water, and who has frequent laxois to
ask of the xx 'iter depart mi nt. He re
cently visited the chief's otlice. and
found Colonel Ludlow, as usual, x cry
po'ite. My friend, before pre ft mug
all of his rcqii'-ts. to l a lii'ty d"!l.n
bank bill trout his po ket and passed il
ox er to the chief, who spread it oil t he
desk bcfi, re him. Iledid not utter a
wt id itt the moment. Imt win u hi- v is
itor was ;il, out to go away said:
"Now. my dear sir. what is this
for?' holding up the bill.
'Oh! that's (o buy i ig.u-s for the
boy s,' was the careless n ply.
" 'Ye-..' said Colonel Ludlow, Then
I suppose vou enjoy the weed y -i , r
so! f ?'
"My friend said that he enjoyed
'.milling better than a good cigar.
" ' I hen alio w me.' said the Colonel
suavely, 'to insist upon your trying
one of these.' taking down a box of
Henry Clay specials.
"With ;i careless gesture Colonel
Ladloxv lolled up the $"ii bill into it
paper lighter and slowly lit bis own
cigar. This done the Colonel turned
xxith an easy and polite motion and
siiid, 'Permit me,' and held the blazing
lull under the nose of my am.i ed and
startled friend, whose eyes li, id now
become almost as big its dinner plates.
ith two or three gasping inhalations
he managed to get a light. lie kept
his eyes upon t he bill until it burned
to the very lingers winch held it. My
friend gets purple in the laic i very
t line he thinks of the affair, and con
tided it to me simply to warn me bow
to behave myself at the water depart
ment."' - I'hihl h !iiil ' i,li.
The llottle Tree.
The cattle of (Jueotislun I. Australia,
take kindly to the bottle, or rather to
the bottti tree, a curious vegetable pro
duction, which is pronounced a great
boon to stockoxvners in time of drought.
A correspondent of the Maryborough
ciimiii , in his notes of the dry sea
son, reports that carts laden with largo
logs of the bottle tree are constantly
plying between the tow n and Ihe stock
'iinges. Hoth cattle and horses are
fond of it. and have become so know
ing that the sound of an axe or a tree
falling in the scrubs xv ill attract all the
stock within hearing to the spot. If
it is a bottle tree that the inch are at
work upon, the eager animals retard
i pcrations by the persistency which
they show in crowding in for the
succulent and mucilaginous chips.
Thirty thousand patents were issii' d
m Creat Pritain last year against
ivxenty thousand in this country.
'CKVSTAI.I.IIJ) CAKPiON' ,
S'nv bili"i'i'tmi 1-ni t-s (..iiii
t i t ) i m Lliii 1 1 o ii ul
Where prorinos fsliincs ii'-p To'ind fie 1
1 What Tiny Firing in I'm' Mario t.
A xvfll-known ileulcr in diamonds
and other pr 'ciun; ,t,,ics, whib- xisii
ing in Minneapolis, Mine., gave ome
interest ing !a l s eo:n i -rn : n , ' he cry - till
carbon. hiiiii Is thai were iii'-t
kllO'XIl XVl.' Il Ml, I III til" fi'lll ,!dl
1 dist ri d in hull,', and mo . I of ihe dia
monds known to th" wi-rld ca'-.e front
Ibid district until 1 7 JT. -vh m diam ml
were d is ov-'ivd in 15 thaya, ad 'rat
ol Ilia. il. I ii.-s,. I'.!,, .nan d-amo-pis
came into the m.okii : the wold.
In Isi'.'.i diamonds wen- ,i -
ered on t lie V.u! ri v er in " ci It
Africa, from which source ihe siipph
almost exclusively eon, i i;,l loin"
diamonds" is t j, term n .it. illy applied
o the gems coining ftm, India, an I
since the limiing of ciaiooiids in n it'i
Africa, III azilinn stone -arc a's., i las-e (
iis oh' mine diamonds; and tu-xx mine
diamonds arc ihosi. C.nu.d in ihe new
diauion I liebl.i of .--oulh Al'i .ci wlu li
comprise by tar t he largo -I part o I 1 1n s..
now on .-a!'-. M ist of lie A I i n an
stones are slight ly oil' coin; ii -: i
ally they are found quite white "i pure
water. Thi'ie is :il-o a dis', iuci ion In -fween
the Ilia, iliiiu a'ld Ihe led: a
st'iiL's, ihb' latter being ill'' -I valu
able, from their ago :i w-II its Iron
their greater purity.
There are but I, mi pn ciotis si ..ties
c.noxvn to t he world. Naming th"io in
the order of their value, tiny are lir.-t,
the ruby; second, the s.ipp lire, then
, tile diamond, and, iaslly. the beautiful
. green emerald. .Mi the-e occur of v.i
( rioiis colors; but the perfect ruby is
red, the sapphire blue, and the emerald
green. A ruby and a diamond Weigh
ing a karat each are of a' " oil the same
value; but should a ruby of live carats
of a "pigeon's blood" color or the "red,
red of the ruby red," be ot'li red. it
would bring ten times as much as a
perfect diamond of t he same si.-e. largo
rubies being the rarest of ail precious
1 stones. Most rubies are found in l!ur
iniih. although some are found in I '
Ion. They are v cry randy di-plavcl,
although iiiii iy jexwlers" ea es contain
numerous imitations. The ruby, sap
phire and emerald, being dcivd -i on,...
can be successfully iuiit.i.cd in gias..
the imitations being called "double! : '
but tbaiiioinls have no, been, aid t an
no! be successfully imitated so us io
deceive any but the mere-t tyro hta
luonds have, however. Lee:, lined
; artificially, but alw.iy- in such sin, ill
1 sizes as to be of no us- for jew c!r. .
'I he deep blue of the sapphire is very
interesting to lovers of precious .- aies
and XX hen a deep blue speoiiiiivi o lil -
perfect and beautiful.,' cut, it wdi
bring a price eipuil to a inn- diamond
of the same size.
The deep xelvet green of the i-icei ahl
has also many admin r-, and a hue
emerald w ill bring front i:.n ,, sjuii
a carat when it is above ivv,, e.irais in
size Hut tiny are very seldom tound
perfe, t. tl.ixvs occurring in almost
: every one. There is ;i! i 1 1 . r stone
that has lately almost reached tlier..uk
of il precious stone, and 1h;it t the
wonderful eatsoye. These stones arc
loiind only in the island of Ceylon, and
have become fashionable of 1.,'e xtars
by fashionables and club men. allien
'iirly for scarf pn,s, the s(,,iio being a
more appropriate a vxel for men loan
I'iamonds are becoming so popular
tb'it they arc taking the place of in. si
other kind- of icxvflry. xviiiih ,s an
cvidcii'e of increasing wtii'tli.d th
people; and but few pi c- , t :in
jewelry are ii.'W sold that do not con
tain diamonds. The lav or,!" b rmof
xvearnig the diauion I is -nlii .u .- .
Many ladies do not consider t, cm-el e,
properly dri'ssed unle-s tiny l,.ie a
pair of solitaire stones lor ear: iiigs
1 1 1 mi two I i three carats in weight.
The brilliant is now mounted i, the
phlitte-t styl" possible, ill orde: 1 , ,1
Ihe eve may be conceit! rated on ii"
; .-tone itself and ii"t dis! rm t ed by the
i gorg'-oiisness ol its mounting. l ucre
ar . however, numerous grot s , and
unique patterns of jewelry iiiinui.ic
tured in the form of lace pins, 1 1 ., in
which small diamonds, rubies and
sapphires are extensively us. ,l.
The diamond market doe n't ilnctiinte
much. 1 hue not knoxx nth" piecs to
change pi pel cent, in ail my experi
ence Large stones, especially i-,,s(,
which are oil'-colore I, have reduced
much in value ol bile year-, by reason
! -f so many of them c "iibn x into thw
'market. A well-cut, xv hite, (lawless
i -tone weighing one carat represent s an
intrinsic value of 100, vx it h a discount
I i Ihe dealer of about o per cent.: and
diamonds xvi'igliingtvvo, three and four
carats of the same cut and 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 . are
worth about I-V per carat. Ila't-
iirats are sold for abtno id api,
smaller sli m s lor from j C I ... i
l iii.'it. Ilcxond font cat at s i pi
the stone is ii"t so delinileh lix.-tl.
Oil)C vCljatljnm Wccort.
AD VERTISIN C
( hi!' siphtro. one insert K'ti
I inc sipiiire. I wo Ill-ell inns
Mil' iijllHIV. "HI 111' 'III 1 1
1'i.r larger ;lh tl t -1 lit liberal coll
:ii I - will In' lll.i.b'.
T I i,i ! (fun Scir he Tru.
li', I Line mm II -out I iw i,:, I II 1,1 live,
.X , , , ,,,,,, ilmml lin e lit.-- ii" In f I,
1,1 ,1 ite-n i, lie tin-" h:n e no mil'.
I Ii, M,,r. I ,L, He, tlti-l.
II. , . ill,,,, ilo li.-.e .-,c l oi.i iliv ,r;i.vor.
. ii I , j, mm ,i inn j I Lev ,11 mil uivij
V i I. n . linn i.i l ;.- Iliee Imi lln Iluir.
,ec. il Il" -..1,1 -worn .i.'iidlii-l until,
i,a m lie.ill l.e mm Iliv lll'lllt i
VV I,:,! bo mm. I ten, -In- leill'll Io I. Im"'.
i, I I o .ml lli.iiu n,,oilileil !ui ;
X, ,1 Oim,i -ImiIi i. i, ii- thou -hull sow,
In I;,. I ior Inn. I. ivd in thy growth,
I'., thi lull -oil, ire llnin -linlt "row.
I , ., mi, i li v I'ul'ii'c mmI thy face,
X o l lei ihi I, cl In- hiieil to -trny
N.,,i r. but he s-.i ill In fin,
Xn.l liMilliclr 1 : 1 1 1 V hi Ihe "in,
' I it ,1 Ml '. 1-1 Oh Old i- "Ml
,X' I Ml." -I liiok h:l 1, I'll. Ill IhV pllXrO
And ce Ih;. L,.i .1-, v ',jtiiirn:y .low.
'..-. iihaiii Bctitty
A rising busbies- Making yeast.
Who ex. r heard of a hat-band play
ing a tune','
A man is seldom able to raise the
wind by whistling for a breeze.
I h" capacity of a base ball pitcher
doe not depend upon the number of
quarts h. will lodd.
When ;i woman thinks this worlil
revolve-around her husband she nat
Hi. dly spctks ol him ;is "liub-by."
"hailing, has your love grown
eMd .-" iisKnlth ' bride ..f her young
husband. " . a its col 1 as the coffee
is." m:is hi- unfeeling response.
The edit u- of a scientific monthly
:is,s im- correct dtavviugs ..1 a "tornado
:ii work." u experienced married
i;:ll ought to ;iecoiniioiia1e him.
Whit will the I'm ui'eb,'?" asks an
ceiled exchange. It is pu tty hard tn
tell this early, but l lie chances are that
:t u ill i e iib, .ut us bad ;is the present.
A s- ieiiti-i t.di.; ii- thai a bee can
sting only on.-,. in two minutes.
Tl who have (nod it a-siire us that
it is .jill! oft ,1 enough.
l ii" im i nt i e genius o' this coun
try I- I "c iiiiug exhaust ". in providing
xv oi k a.: I tort une- tor medical men.
Tin !i;.-t -.u.ce-s is ii i, iie-xvheeled
In I ai ly riling Paper.
:d:iny edit uric-belore Chiist, Niima
lot t writings upon th papyrus, whence
our name, paper, is derived. This
pl iiil.xxhi.il vv its rev ered as sacred by
the old Lgyp'ians, grows abundantly
in shadow streams and marshes in
upper I'gypt and Syria. 15 nice found
it growing in the l.'ivcr .Ionian, and
n i' ice. a curious l. n-' . that il always
re -eidcd 1 he sharp, angular side of its
p. ar shaped s'.cin to the swift current.
'I b. s eigl ten loot high, two
inches j', diameter, and t roxviied with
il I rill ge of ll lii' bl.e le.lX es, which cii'i h
a I o.s,i n ,.f sh iuh'i' spikeicts. P.etieath
t he br.ov u she.tt It which envelops tin
root a ; ,.f this .lark green plant lie
other .-.hi'itlis which arc v i ry trans,
pare 1. These, when spill into thin
h.lVcs and drii. I in the -tin, were
g i'te I 1 , ! her. and l.omed the roll of
.a "1 1 it -. . n which many of the ancient
w r.i ing-h ix e conic doxx ii to us. This
taper w.i- both ih vilde and durable.
-pc i'i iMo I' nip.'li tall be seen
I ihe museum al Naples. I n the lift)1
i citi ury p ipv t its apei . ot xv iii.-h many
viieti - exi-teil. ,ia largely iitiinu
l'a tiircd a! Alexandria, and ranked
high i i the com r,r ol nations. Its
use o'tii il until a! 'tit seven or
cigl'l l i ll! Ul'ieS ,lg . SI. Ye mills.
lit ol:.. in. of I. iff.
The true economy "I human life ad
,,isi - i pen I,' ur.'s I,, a mora! scale of
value . ! '' ( 1 1 1 n . cy piot nrcs ii woman
-.ohm ov.-r th" w.tl. r. awakening out
ot sleep t . liml her necklace untied
and , 'i,i' end hanging ."er the stream,
while peat! aft.-r pearl .Imps from the
str,ng bevond tier reach; when she
clutihcs.it one just falling, another
drop-. Lev oud ii Very.
i hir din s drop one after another by
nil- . arcL ssiies,, like pearls from a
string, as we sail the sea of life, until
vv. e ini t uit the vviisf,. ..f time is ii
more serious loss than the extr.tvagan-e-ag.iin-t
xx inch there is such loud
exclaim. The expenditures of a fexv
lobars on taste is a small matter in
conip.tr in n with t he wa.-l ing of months
.uid yeuis by thousands who havo
every :i I cant age society can offer, ami
exact cve-e privilege it afford an a
I'seil to That Sort ol Thine.
"Are yon hurl?' (hooted adoen
picknicking females as a young man
xv as tossed over a neighln.ting fence
by an angry bull, and landed on his
nead in the middle of the road.
"Hurt .'" be answered. "Why, of
course not; I am used t i coming tloxvn
i that xx ax."
i "l -ed to it?" exclaimed thi! fair
! horns. "Wl y. how can Ihut be''"
If. I own it bi 'vele," was the leissur
Ing renlv. I'i, ilmh I t'hin full.