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II. -A. IIS130IV,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
DOLL&R PER TEAB
fo ne.nin the sud len fleck
O;' Miri'hine on her dusky bair,
1 tn nund young curves of throat and nock
Tli- faded gown sho used to wear.
1 fi-.n Isrr timid hand grow cold
in my own, and hear again
Il-r !", sweet whisper as of old,
No not good-bye! auf wiedersehenl"
Tii-' gnarled, gray apple tree, astir
With little winds, let tall a rain
i k pinky 11 vm nil over her,
1Iometepiing thro' the long green lane,
Tli. tliiush pip s noisily, and see!
; pauses wi h a wistful smile
l wav a la t farewell to mo
S- H lingering by the trysting stileu
y. sweetheirt, that was years ago,
.n l Time soon taught us to bo wise,
I .- i iiih t Ive' Hyr, paiuUnl show,
An-l l-ok at Life with clearer eyes,
1 j )inA.l long siiicj the cynic crowd,
Vi n in a p.ilace over fens,
A M'.ken beauty, pale and proud.
Have no such memories as these.
And yet, sonv?aow, I'd like to bo
A feol again, and just liva thro'
Tho dnys when you believed in m
And I, poor lad, believe! in yc i.
He was six feet two, and a3 clumsy
? Id wr.s tall, lie would come into
r tiutins and lecturc. take hU scat
without a word or a sign of recognition
to a ay enc, f.U nt work upon hii notes
in perfect .i!j-.c, and thca shamble out
a:ah. At first an r.muscd smile went
.lrcin 1 the tlasi whenever he entered
the room, but tho stulcnts soon got
u-ed to hii odd ways, and ho came and
wnt without remark1.
I In nam'. was Hiram Jordan. "Iligh"
J pl.in, big, good-natured Joe Stanley
tillcl him ono day, with a laugh, and
ih j nicinamc stuci like a burr, as nick
2so one secrac 1 to know anything
::bcut him. He wai poor, that was evi
dent enough, for hU ill-fitting clothes
wcro of tho cheapest material. Ho as
sociated with aoao of th boys, and sel-
do.v appeared on the campm.
There lit pfene J that year to ba ua-
Usual interest in the class racc3. The
crews were- very cv-aly matched, and it
was hard to t-ay which of them stood
tho better cha- ci of winning.
'It's dollars a id pennies which omc?
ia first," gloomily said Jao Stanley,
captoia of car crew. "If I only had a
good stvcnt 1 think I could make it,
but there doesn't seem to be a man in
the clasi fitted for tho positon;" and,
try cur best, wo coild find no better
roan than Charley Harvey, who was a
good fellow, certainly, but not a "good
Jni afternoon, as the members of
this crew were lying around on tho
float, just before their uiual daily pull.
High Jordan camo up and asked for
Stanley. Joa was in tho boat-house fix
ing hi stretcher, and Jordan was told
to walk in. The two men did not cn. o
out for some time, and whon they .id
finally appear, every one was surprised
to hear Jos say :
"Bys, Jordun has rowed a good deal,
and wants to try 'icven,1 and I cm
suing to give him a chance to pull there
Toor Charley Hatvoy's faco showed
hu disappointment. Ho had been
worktag very hard to keep hii place in
the boat, and now he was to be crowded
out, and of all men by "High" Jordan!
'Shan'tIrow today?" ho asked, un
able to conceal hi chagrin.
"I don't sco how wo can work it,
Charley." answered Joe, kindly.
"Hadn't you just as lief rest today?
Harvey watched tho boat ai sho slid
( IT the float. HU eyes wero on one man,
tho new number seven. At Iho word,
th3 men leaned forward, their oars
struck tho water simultaneously, and
tho shell shot lightly ahead. Tho ttmo
"It's all up with mo I" murmured
Charley. ''That's tho man wo have
been looking for," and ho turned and
w,nt i fl to hii room.
Every man in tho boat sympathized
strongly with Charley Harvey. High
Jordan's popularity was not increased
by his suddon cutting out of tho hard
est worker and ono of tho most popular
men of tho class, and no littlo grumb
ling was heard from ths crew, though
they miut have seen at oacc that Jordan
wrr, tho better man of tho two.
"It's a beastly shame to put Charley
ut, I know," sai 1 Joo Stanley, who
Mild not help noticing th'j prevalent
feeling. "I would like to sco him in
tho boat a well as any of you. You
know tha', for Ihero U no man in col
J"to I like better. I know Jordan d s
; -.t belong to our set, and is what you
di a muff, but he i a good fellow, for
til that, und tho best oar in tho boat,
and ai captain of tho crew, I am bound
to keep tho best man."
Tho weeks slipped by, and confidence
iioir crew steadily increased. The
race was now only threo weeks off, and
tho names of tho crow wero officially
announced in order th it tho men might
be initiated into tin "II. K ," the class
This society, although ono remained
an activo member of it for only one
yea, was the controlling fact in the
social life of tho class. The first mera
l en were elected by thos who had
lurincd tho society ia tho preceding
class, and the new members elected J
otners of their own class. But a
''crewman" was un lerstood to be en
titled to membership in tho "II. K."
almost as a matter of right. To b
sure, it required only one blackball ti
reject a cindidato, but no ono had ever
known a member of the crew to be
Charley Harvey was president of the
iocicty, and generally tho most geniil
and opci-hcartcd man among us but of
late he had not seemed himself. On
the night of the election he was rather
pale, and as he took hii scat I noticed
a peculiar expression Jrf hu eyes such
as I had never 3cen before.
After tho usual preliminaries, the
balloting opened, tho members of the
crew being proposed and elected in the
order of their positions in the boat.
When number sevca was proposed Har
vey's face became positively black, and
it flashed upon me what that peculiar
expression had meant.
II) did not hesitate as tho box was
passed to him, but cast his vote with a
cool and steady hand, though hii count
enance betrayed tho agitation under
which ho was laboring.
Tho secretary started upon opening
tho ballot-box. and then leaned over to
Harvey and whUpcred ia his car. II ir
voy nodded gloomily, whereupon tho
secretary aroso and said in a voice full
of emotion, "I regret to say that Mr.
Jordan has not been elected.''
A dead silence followed. Every man
in tho room looked nt tho speaker in
utter amazement. Such a thing as the
rejection of a member of the crew, and
for no reason which any one would
dare to avow, was enough to create in
tense excitement in that little company.
Number ".right" wu3 proposed and
elected hurriedly, and tbo meeting ad
journed in confusion. Oi my way to
my room I overtook Harvey, and step
ping quickly up to him I slipped my arm
through hi, hoping I might be able to
talk with him about tho matter; Lut he
wrenched his arru from mine and turned
abruptly awsy without a word. Some
body had ju.it le t him and although I
could not sec vry well in tho darkness
I thought it wai Joe Stanley.
Tho next d.-iy it was rumoro 1 that
Stanley had "cut ilirvey dead" on tho
campus. Jordan conducted himself,
meanwhile, with great dignity, a-d
commanded the respect of tho entire
clas, while Ilaiv.-y kept studiously out
It leaked out, not long afterward, that
"High"' Jordan was not only doing hU
work in college, and trying for honor
and a scholarship, but at the s inio time
was teaching a niht school in the town
I don't know who it was discovered
this, but I remember very well that I
was with Harvey when wo heard tho
news. Poor fellow! It wis impossible
not to pity him. Evidently he had
long since rep.-nted of hii action, and
this piece cf nov? was all that wa3
needed to make him utterly mbcrabl?.
Ho was absent from prayer next mort
iag, and no one saw him all day.
But the nt xt night a special meeting
of the "II. K.'' w. s called by order of
tho president, nn 1 when tho members
wero assembled, Harvey arose and said,
"I have called this meeting to repair
as far as possible a great wrong which
I was mean enough to do thj best man
in our c'as3. i desire to apologize to
the crew, to tho society, and to Mr.
Jordan for tho insult; and I beg leave
to propose Hiram Jordan for the
That niht I saw Joo Stanley and
Harvey walk homeward arm in arm, in
their old friendly way; and I learned
afterwards that they went straight to
"High" Jordan's room.
The day of tho races came at last, and
every man in the college, ndorned with
his diss-color?, went down to the river
early to get a good position from which
to view Iho great contest.
It would be a clo;e raco the closest
ever known in college; we all ac
knowledged that, and though every
man in our class cherUhed a kind of
faith that our boat would win, yet no
end dared assert his cpinioa without an
"if" or an "unless."
The hour for tho start was set at four
o'clock, aid the crowd along tho banks
waited patiently un let the broi'ing sua
until tho last minute; but when a quar
ter of an hour, and the i h ilf am hour
passe I, and no boats appeared, tho
crowd began to grow restloss. Charley
Hirvey in pirticular, was m a fever of
"Why don't they start?" ho repeated
adozon times. 4Tiio timo and body work
of our men are perfect, but the wind U
freshening and will tell against us more
than against any other boat for we have
tho outsido course. Why don't they
Ha was looking up the river through
a field-glass, watchiig tho course and
complaining by turns. Suddenly I saw
his face light up. "They aro off' he
Far up tho course wo could sco the
flish o( tho oar-Hales in tho bright suu
light that was all. Then four black
streak, each with two glittering lints
of oar-bia le, drew into si ht The
first excite 1 murmur did away, and
tbo crowd was perfectly still, Soo
he linos broadened out into graceful
irrows, and tho next instant we could
lescry thirty-two brawny backs rising
md falling with the regularity of clock
work, as thoy urged tho beautifu', ta
pering shells like knife-blades through
We could hear the little coxswains
counting tho strokes and singing cut
words of encouragement. The boats
would soon be up to and past us. Oa
they came, tho first three all in a bunch,
with tho other close behind. As they
shot by, my gazo was fixed upon
"High' Jordan. Ho was pulling with '
tne strength oi a giant, tho bunches of !
muscle in his broad chc3t and powerful
arms swelling and contracting in timo
with the long stroke of tho oars, his
eyes flashing, hU noitriU quivering, his
On they went, we running after them
like mad. Still no one of the boats
seemed to take a lead. Tho finish lino
was almost reached when I heard our
coxswain's shrill voice:
"Now, boys, one more spurt!"
Then I saw "High" Jordan gather
himself together, and half rise ia hU
seat. At that moment our boat soemed
to shiver, and drop behind, but the
next instant, with one tremendous
sweep of Jordan's oar, it shot across tho
finish, a winner by four feet.
When the yelling and excitement had
diod away sufficiently for a single voice
to bo heard, Charley Harvey proposed
nine cheers for "sevon."
I have heard many a lusty cheer for
our dear old college, but never such a
one as then, when every man on tho
river bank, no matter what his c'.ass,
leit his lungs to a long, rolling, "Rib,
rah, rah, rah, rah, rah, rah, rah, rah!"
for "High" Jordan. You h' s Com
panion. Egyptian Irrigation.
The u?ual method of irrigation on tho
banks of the Nile in Egypt is Ly means
of a system known as the "Sikiah."
This, says a correspondent of the Da
troit Free Press, ii a series of Luckets
affixo I to an endless rope revolving over
a large wheel, worked by a cog, tho
motive powjr being a go-around lever
propelled by an ox, cow, donkey or
camel, sometimes singly, at other3
yoked together ia tho most comical
tashion. In iht fields, or attached to
the Sakiah, one finds himself amused
by sco -ig a la-go cimel, seven or
eight feet high, hitchel as one of a
pair with a mitt of a li'.tlc j .c'xass no
l igser than the hump on his back. An
other methed U the shedcuf. This ap
paratus, of which two or threo are
grouped ono above another, according
to the height of tho bunk, consists of
two upright posts with a cro33pieco at
the top, on which a sort of lever or
beam works a stem, the main trunk of
the palm tree, with the roots at one end,
serving as a weight. At the other end
is a bucket made of goatskin. A man
a"- this ei d tiraws it down to the water's
edge, fills it aid allow the wjightod
end to raise it. A man empties it into
a crude reservoir, simply a hole ia the
ground, and mi i.ber two or three, as
tho cafe may be, in turn, by rxac.ly tho
same process, conveys the water into a
canal, one of a system supplying tho
neighboring plantation. The matter of
irrigating the land is the samo whether
the sakiah or shedouf be employed as
the means of raising the water. We
next see women and girls drawing water
direct from tho river into earthen j irs,
which they carry away on their heads.
This is for domestic or family use only.
During the two or three months of the
inundation it i, of course, necessary to
resort to artificial modes of procuring
water. The3c are only used when tho
river is at a low stage.
The shoeing of horses, says tho Farm,
Field and S:ockman, is as old, proba
bly, as the history of the general uso of
this animal in war. At least some cov
ering provided to save tho hoofs ia
journeys over rocky and broken ground.
The Chinese hnva used temporary foot
coverings; so have other nations. In
fact tho period when shoes wero nailed
to tho feet of horses is lost in the ob
scurity of antiquity, but it is supposed
to have had its origin in the cast.
The liomms in tho palmy days of the
empire, or rather certain persons of
groat wealth and high position, shod
their favorito horses with gold. Tho
nailed shoe of metal came into England
with William the Conqueror, and it
came riot only to stay, but to be gener
ally adopted wherever civilization has
The shoeing of horses has not only
becomo genera1, I ut it has bee i abused.
That is, thcro has been too much con
stant shoeing of farm horses winter and
summer. It has even resulted in modi
fying the foot of the horse, destroying
the extreme toughness of the shell of
the hoof, and rendering the hoof tender.
If the farm horss is shod only when
working on hard roads continuously,
tho hoofs seldom wear too thin for the
ordinary work of the farm. When shod,
except fcr iiy roads, the shoes are bet
ter without calkins, and for pretty
much all work on the road, summer and
winter, too pieces, or rather what aro
known as three-quarter pieces, are bet
ter for tho horse than full shoes.
CHATHAM CO., N. C, AUGUST 23, 1888.
All the summer weather,
Saying naught o "nerves,
Toils a little housewife
Making choie preserves.
How she does her cooking
Sorely no one knows,
Tfco' tbey watch her daily
Whde she comes and goes.
More than half her goodies
Go to pay ber rent,
Yet in every sea-on
She is well content;
And from noon till even
And from morn till nc on
Evf r at her labor
Hums a p'oasant tune.
Ilose and lily syrup,
Richest clover j m,
Fill her tiny fruit-jars
Full es sh can cram.
Now you've guessed my riddle,
Aud you'll all aree
That the name we call her
Always ends with Bee.
A. Groat 91an' Pr m
The great Duke o! Wciii ;;tun, m-u,y
years ago, found a littie boy crying be
cause he had to go away from home to
school in another town and there wou'd
be no one to feel the toad which he
was in tho habit of feeding every morn
ing, and tho nob'c-hearted dukr, sym
pathizing with his young friend,
promised that hs would sc. th.it the
toad wa3 fed every morning. This he
did, and letter after letter cni to this
little boy from field marsh ii th; Du ;c
of Wei ingtoa tvliing him that the toad
was a'.ive and wel'. Our Dumb A i
mals. Tliry Loved Cti.
Many cmiueut men ii European crun
tries have been very fond of cats. The
famous Dr. Johnson of England 6e'.imd
to think quite as much of hit cat as oi
any human friend. Tho famous Cardi
nal Wolsey of England used to icccive
the nobles of the lind with his favor
ite cat perched on the arm of his slate
chair or at the back of his thron". The
great statesman of France, Richelieu,
once excused himself frcm rising tc
rcceivo a foreign ambassador because
his favorite cat and her kittens were
lying on his robes. Petrarch, the great
poet of Italy, hvi his favorite cat em
balmed when sho die J.--Picayune.
linbin Aiengrilbj g-"ttin;.
During the thuuJer storm that recent
ly visited Crescoville, Penn., a miplc
tree in front of Miner Cresco'j residence
was struck by lightning. Tho only
damage done to tho tree was tho splint
ering of a piece of tho trunk milway
between tho ground and tho lowci
brarchos. After tho storm was over
Mr. Cresco went out to look at tho tree.
On the ground i t tho foot of it lay an
immense blacks nako dead, and holding
in its mouth a youag robin. There was
a robin's nest in the tree and it was
known to havo had three young ones in
it. As the tree had been struck by
lightning it was supposed that they
had been killed. A boy went up the
tree and found two young robins in tho
nest alive an I lively. It is supposed
that the blacksnako hid climbed the
tree and robbed the nest of ono of the
newly hatched birds and was descend
ing the trunk as it was struck by light
ning and killed with its prey in its
mouth New York Sun.
Iiute'n Largre Story.
Lute and Nell went down to Coney
Island one day with their parents.
It was a lovely day in June. They
went by steamboat from tho city, and
there was not a crowd, so the litt'.e
girls had a lovely time.
As soon as they reached there, the
childron scampered up tho long pier
and across tho platforms, stopping only
a minute to watch the merry-go-rounds,
for they wero in a hurry to get on to
the beach, since there was only an hour
Little boys wero wading in the odgo
of the ocean, and very smell children,
with their little pails and shovels, wcro
digging in tho sand.
Luto and Nell chased the waves out
as far as they dared, and then scam
pered back to keep from getting their
boots wet. They picked up clam-shelh
and pebblos, and wrote their names ia
tho sand to seo the wave3 corns in and
wash them away.
Tired at last, they sat down on tho
sand to rest a little, and look away out
over tho broad ocean, where sky and
water seemed to most.
"Nell," said Lute, "thero is a hill
near our home in the country, where
you can see ninety-five million miles in
"Really and truly?"
"Yes, really and truly.''
Nell told her mamma that night.
, "It seems like a very largo story," she
31 mma laughed. "How far is it to
; the sun?" she asked.
Nell saw through it then. Youth's
Dr. Beddoe, an English scientist;
says that blondes are decreasing ia
number, and that in a century or so a
red-haired woman will bo almost as rare
is a white blackbird.
SECRETS OF THE SEA.
The Mystery Surrounding the
Fate of Certain Vessels.
Many Dangers to Which Ocean
Travelers Are Subjected.
Oi the 2Cth of last Jmuary the gcd
clipper ship Farragut, Captain Hard
wickc, sailed from Calcutta homeward
bound. From that time nothing has
been, heard of her, for the report that
her wreck had been seen some twelve
hundred miles from Calcutta does not
appear to have any soli I fouadation.
Sho passed aw.iy into tho ocean like so
many staunch vessels before her, and the
probability is tint her file will never
I e known. Already she has been struck
off the maritime list, which means that
6hc is definitely givei up as lo;t. The
records of marine disaster contain many
more cases of this kind than land-men
would be apt to suppo c. A ship leave i
port apparently ia good condition, her
cargo well stowed, her spars sound, and
generally well found. After ;h it nothing
is ever heard of her. and cenj ;c'-tiro is
vain. A sudden squill may h.vo taken
her abeck and scat her to the bntcom
Btcra forem M3, or sho may havo foun
dered in a galo after all her boat ha I
been d-.-slroye-l, or her boats may have
got away and peri bed ono by ono on
the wido ocean p aim. Sometimes, but
rarely, there has ben a mutiny and
massacre, and the survivors miy have
made their way to some tropical island,
there to Iivj a "beach -coinber3" or
turn savage with th-j savag.'S.
Wnen fi.e occur at sea oa a merchant
vesse1, un-es3 the weather is very bad at
the time, ilu crew geaerally succeed in
getting aw iy. A mutiny may bo fol
lowed by tho i liming of the ship as a
means of destroying criminating evi
dence. In the China seas there are still
some pirates, and a vessel becalmed ia
the neighborhoo 1 of some of the islands
scattered in groups there miht incur
the danger of attack by the wicked
looking junk3 that arc usually concealed
in th ? nassairos Let ween the i-dets. In
such cas-j if thero were no fi c-arms on
board it n:ight go hard with the ship's
company, but a goo I supply of shot
j-uns or rifles in the hands of white men
is usually a guarantee against Chinose
pirate. Still, mmy ve3sc!s hive met
their fate ia that unlucky region, and
nothing ha3 remained to tell tho story.
Typhoons, too, are doubtless responsible
for not a few mysterious di appearances
of vessels, and once in a whilo proba
bly a waterspeut bursts over a ship and
sinks her suddenly with all hands.
Occasion lly tho mystcriis aro pre
sented in the most bewildering way.
Such a case was that of a vessel, which,
several years ago, was found drilting
with all sail set an 1 not a fcul on board.
AH her boats wcro on the davit , the
materials for a meal wero in the galley
coppers, tho chronometers, compasses,
charts and instruments wcro in the cab
in but no ship's paper'. Tho namo oa
the stern wis p-iiitci out; nothing had
been left by which to ideitify her. Yet
all these precauiions had been taken
deliberately, while the final evacuation
seemed to havo been effected with
suddenness suggesting mortal panic.
Tho men's things wcro all in tho top
gallant forecastle; the captain's and of
ficer's effects were all in their respective
cabins under tho poop. The whole ap
pearance of the vessel indicated that
her people had left her on
tho spur of the moment, driv
en by some overmastering
impulse or fear. She had encountered
no bad weather sinco tho desertion. Her
yards were braced up as for a trado
wind, and thore was no disorder on her
decks or down below. No line of writ
ing was found to give a clew to this
dark secret of the sea, ard to this day
it has remained an insoluble puzzle to
every seaman acquainted with the facts.
Sad and mysterious as are disappear
ances, such as that of the Farragut, ii
must be admitted that there is some
thing even more perplexing in the dis
covery of derelicts abandoned ro incom
prehensibly as was tho vessel hero re
ferred to. It shou'd bo added that she
was not leaking, nor were her spars
sprung or strained, and no reason could
be perceived in anything about her for
the disappearance of her crew and offi
cers. New York Tribune.
Shade for Fowls.
Did you ever notice how fowls seek
the shady side of the buildings, the
shelter of bushes, etc, during the
middle of tho day in hot weather?
They don't like to stay out exposed
to the hot rays of the sun any more
than you do, and it isn't healthy for
them to be thus exposed, cither. If
there are not plenty of shady places
for them to loaf, make some by con
structing sheds of refu e boards any
thing that will keep off the hot rays
f the sun. Dig up the sod under
these shelters, and occasionally throw
in a pan of ashes; then watch tho
hens and seo if thy don't enjoy it.
Hens that are thus supplied with a
s-hady dussing plac . are not troubled
ytHh lire -j,praiTi Marnier.
At Work Beneath a Hire?. I
Tho pressure of air ia caissons at 110
feot below tho surface of tho water s
woul 1 be 50 pounds to the square inch. I
It3 t fleet upon the men entering and
working in the caisson has been care- I
fully noted in various works, and these -
ffjets are sometimes voiv serious: the !
frequency of respiration is increased,
the action of the heart becomes excited,
and many persons becomo affected by
what is known as the "caisson disease,"
which is accompanied by extreme pain
and in many cases result in more or
less complcto paralysis.
The ex cutioa of work within a deep
pneumatic caisson is worth a moment's
consideration. Just above the surface
of the water :s a busy forco engaged in
laying the solid blocks of masonry
which aro to support the structure.
Great derricks lift the stones and lay
them in tho proper position. Power
ful pumpi are forcing air, regularly and
at uniform pressure, through tubes to
tho chamber below. Occasionally a
stream of sand and water issues
with such velocity from tho dis
charge pipe thnt, ii th nie;ht, the fric
tion of tho pirtictcs cauict it to look
like a stream of living fire. Far below
is another bu y force. U idcr the great
pressure ana abnorm u Mi ply of oxy
gen they work with an energy which
makes it impossible to remain thero
moro thaa a few hours. Tho water
from without is only kept from entering
by the steal y action of the pumps far
above and b.-yoad their control. An
irregular settlement mi;ht overturn tho
structure. Should th descent of the
caisson lee arrcsto 1 by any solid under
its edc, immediito and jidicious ac
tion must be taken. If the obstruction
be a lo, it must be cut off cutsida the
edge and pullcl iito tho chamber.
Boulders must be undermined, and
often mu t bo bro'cen up by blisting.
Tho excavation must bs syitsmatic and
regular. A constant din;er menaces
tho lives of those worker', and the
wonderful success with which they
have accomplished what they have un
dertaken is entitled to notice and admi
ration. Scribner's Migazinc.
"K. N." Colored Canaries.
In the year 1871 an important dis
covery was made with regard to tho
coloring of canaries. In that year cer
tain Lir Js began to bo exhibits I which
eclipsed all competitors in richness and
depth of coloring. For se veral years
the secret was kept, its possessors mean
while winning prizes wholesale. As
tho birds were of two colors, the wing
and t nil feath n b.ing greenish yellow,
and tho iest orange, the liveliest curi
osity was excited as to the cause of so
mysterious aa tff.-ct. Foul play was
suspected, and the birds were submit
ted to analysis, only to bo reported
guiltless of dye. At last the secret
was discovered independently by an
outsider, who, scorning the gains to be
got by illiberal relic .'cce, presented it
to the world, and announced that the
superb coloring was the result of feed
ing the birds on cayenno pepper in the
moulting season. This announcement
which would doubtless be interesting to
Mr. Bates and Mr. A. R. Wallace, also
created a di pito as to whether any
cruelty was involved in making a bird
eat several toi3poon'uU a day of so
sharp a condiment. Some asserted that
it spoiiod their digestions aad ruined
their constitutions; others maintained
that they liked the "K N. regimen,"
(as they jocularly called it), and that
the capsicun irutc3cens was the natural
food of many wild birds; and the dispute
is by no means settled yet. Saturday
Utility of Banana Fibre.
Among tho valuable pro J ucts of the
soil now largely si;ff;red to go to waste,
according to the Uuit- d States Consul at
San Salvador, West I ulies, is the fibro
of the banana. This fibre, which may
bo divided into threads of silken fine
ness, extends the length ot the body of
the tree, which grows without a branch
from ten to fifteen feet high, and has a
circumference at the baso of two and a
half to three feet. In Central America,
the fibre, with no preparation except
drying, is used for shoe-strings, lariats,
and cords for all purposes. In its twelve
months of existence, tho banana tree
bears only one bunch of fruit, but from
two to four or ten trees spring from the
roots of the ono that has fallen. At
home, tho bunch of bananas is worth fif
teen cents, and the dead tree nothing,
though, if tho suj p'y were not inex
haustible, the latter would bo worth
ten times the value of tho fruit to a
cordago factory, paper mill, or c ffje
sack maker. The banana leaf, with
ste ms of tho toughest and finest threads,
is from two and a half to three feet
wide and ten to fifteen feet long, and
serves the native women of San Sal
vador as an umbrella in the rainy sea
son, a carpet cn which to sit, and a bed
oa which to rest.
"George treated me very coldly last
night, mother," said Ethel, waving her
fan at a vagrant fly.
"Why, Ethel, I'm sorry to hear that.
In what way was his treatment cold?''
"Ice cream." Harper's Bazar,
Bhe Chatham Uecoro
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The Lesson Bead.
Long ago, when the world was new,
Tho sapphire sky and the ocean blue
Wedded one Summer day;
And the tky still bends as the yenrs go by,
And tie ocean leaps to the bending sky,
For constant lovers are they.
Bat when a mist arises between
Then ocean, grown with jealousy green,
His doubt to the listener tells;
lie storms and frets, he rages and roars,
In furious wrath he beats his shores,
While his turbulent bosom swells.
The sky, though dark with a moment's
Will tenderly from its height look down.
With a radiant f-miJe divine.
The green tc blue with its magic skill,
Twill change, and the stormy ocean still,
And the sun of love will shine.
Pause thou, my heart! and the lesson read.
When the darkness fall?, and with jealous
The mists of doubt arise
Fret not, 'twill p.ss, an 1 thou wilt know
Thnt the sun still shines, with a fervent
In love's unchanging skies.
I Mary L. Mattia.
A gentleman of color a psialer.
Food which tramps don't relish cold
Tho surest way to make aa army flyii
to break both wings.
M my an old book has to bo bound
over to keep the pi;ce.
When Alaska shall be admitted aa a
state it will hav, ind.-ed, a great seal.
Why is a doctor like a broken wind
lass? Because he can draw rothing from
'Tam performing tho last sad write,"
murmured tho lawyer, as h3 drew up
tho sick mtn's will.
You will notice ono thing about fly
paper. If it gets hold of a subscriber
once it holds on to him forever.
Magistrate (to prisoner) I sec that
yeu lost sc viral teeth in th9 fiht Pris
oner No, ycur honor, I didn't exactly
lose 'cm, they were knocked down my
LaJy (calling cn a friend in a Now
York flit) You arc delightfully situat
ed, Mrs. Clark. It is so nice to havo
plenty of closet room. M-s. Clark Er-
yc-cs, but those are bedrooms.
D. Smith: There is oao thing about
Miss Angelina Popinjay that I don't
like. Travis: What is that? De Smith:
Haven't you noticed that she has to use
both hands when sho wants to hide a
A young d. mscl sent twenty-five
cents and a postage stamp ia reply to an
advertisement that appeared ia an
eastern paper of "How to make an im
pression," and got for an answer: "Sit
down on a pan of dou-jh."
How Koumiss is Made in Russia.
The Bashkirs are renowned for their
skill in making koumiss, or fermented
mares' milk, which is now extensively
consumed by patients suffering from
dyspeptic and wasting diseases, and so
easy is it of digestion that invalids drink
10, 15 and occasionally even 20 cham
pagne bottles a day whilo a Bashkir is
able to overcome a couple of gallons at
a sitting, and in an hour or two bo
ready for more. To insure good kou
miss it is essential that the mares be of
tho steppe bred, and fed on steppe
pasture. They aro milked from four to
eight times a day, the foal being kept
apart from tho mother, and allowed to
suck only in the night time. The mare
will not giro her milk, however, unless
at the time of milking her foal is
brought to her side, when such is tho
j y of reuuion that after sundry acts of
loving and smelling and kissing, tho
maternal feeling shows itself by her
sometimes giving milk from both nipples
Milking is done by the Bashkir
women, who, taking a position close to
the hind legs of the marc, rest oa one
knee, and on the other support a pail
directly under the udder, pulling at
each nipple ia turn and receiving from
three to four pints each timo of milk
ing. To rtako koumiss the milk is
beaten up in a churn (i ut not suffi
ciently to produce butter), and by fer
mentation is converted after twenty
four hours into weak koumiss, from
which condition after twelve hours
more it passes into a medium degree of
strength, while strong koumiss is pro
duced by assiduous agitation of the
milk for two or three days, and it is
shen said to be slightly intoxicat
ing. Managing Indians.
William F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) say3
in an article in the Epoch on Indian
I have 125 Indians in my camp. How
do I civilize them? I have them under
control and they are disciplined as
strictly as any body of soldiers. There
is no trouble in 'managing Indians if
you know how to do it. I never have
any trouble with them because I obey
he first pri nclple of business I treat
them squarely. I never make a promiso
to them that I do not keep, and I am
treated well in return. I would rather
loan money to an Indian than to a
white man. I think the chances of the
Indian returning it are much botterT