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II. A.. LONDON,
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ITITSBOKO, CHATHAM COUNTY, X. C THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1000.
For larger advertisements liberal eon.
tracts will be made.
f. i. mm
Before the Recent Democratic State Convention
WHITE SUPREMACY IS THE SLOGAN
VI Trie I'd sent Campaign - A Vigorous
Presentation of Pacta That All N,r.h
Carolinians Should Read.
The full text . f Mr. Simmons' speech
lienilcmrn of the Convention:
This convention is assembled by or
der of your fxeiutive 1 1 i:uu i 1 1 I :
bf purpi-so of nominating ia :uliiat -
r Snip olllces ami for the traa-a. -jtion
of such i.tlii-r business as mi he
pro-ontod fir its consideration. a'-uH
fif the roll ( f , uijti.'. dlsrlo..os a fact
liever before, m far as I can reiuembur.
irsc-:iteit in a )i nm. rane Slat.- coa-
.vontron. u js U. t , ;( ,.u,Vy
Jounty in North Carolina is (-"present-ed
by duly a iv re lite I delegates, an-!
no fontest from any canity.
Tlio r. nrc-ntii a is then fete ready to
proceed to perfect Its temporary' o
Kiiiitr.aiion. It is my duty, as chairman
uf your executive c.-muoUloe. to name
tho temporary !:-.-i ii i ctllci r of tin.
convention. Hut In-fore thing tl.at 1
wish, with your poi mi -.sion, to sttbnii'
some general ohsorvati .as eoucertiing
mat tors of party policy, party work,
party aehipveiitcn's since the last c :i-
volition. When your oxo'tittie i :.
inlttce nut !n tin." iity da tin. lit.i nf
Inst I', .vnil i-r fur hlmiiu then an
liou:'.oel ami wi-U liuilotytuiil. a:. I
which ilit iv foic mod i,.. l rep, aii 1
now. after duo ; ousidoi a I ien of tt po!
itioal c 'iidilh.us then existing iti th"
State, tlooiue.l that eamp:ig;i in
favor of tho nine:id;ne:i! should at on,e
Opemd. anil din -1 , 1 ui" yon. . hoi.'
man to open th campaign and p:ose
cuto it without inl-'.-ru pt i ;ii mini the
mooting ,f tills conventi ui. Kron; thai
day ta this 1 h iv;- kiv.-i nu- in lixid ial
ettention an ! time to t ais ' .:!;. .-l-ing
under tais ,vihi":m..i ,, ' ;;
mltteo tho wo! k i;f
boon persist. 'inly p: . ; .:; . ,,. .
count y. Cnat vo'm.
diyoussliig and oxplai.. '.; .. .... . .
moi'.t aiai Kortnatio yti! . t. . .
Reattered l.nia. least 'i- ..- t"
Kta!o. The press ,,f tile Htate. ,nh
daily anil w. ekly, with. ml a .-iucle sd
itary exception, has ca-.-perato l ia his
v,.rl; w ith your omniiitt . it is leu
just to say w.th a deKi-, e ,.f zeil and
onthllsiasin and helpf ulni ; ;;ev. be
fore excelled and seld-mi e.ir eij:a!.'d
In the history nf canipa.icii:!, ia ihe
Statr. 'I'ln-re has luin siaie p,i,;c
KpoakillB. llilt there has beea t;.) f,--
l.ir and sy.-teniaiic at',. nipt at "st'imp
in'." A a result of these iv.mt'in.-d
offorts I am glad t b.- aide i , ri cn
to you that in every county i f the
fi'tato, with po-.-iMy ,ne i.r tv.a ex
i-epilons. .ti' erfinnizatUin Is in a .-,;a'e
if iinusiial exce. ii.-.. an ( i, t., ,
Tho people have generally he. a
broUKlit to a i-KiTec; uiidi rr:aii!iii.i! (':
tho objects aia! 'iu ..i.-. s if Tie l.,;--fslature
in submitting; tin- am--ii'i im-nt .
and what will be its effect when rati
fied upon tho lights f f.;e individual
citizen and the general welfare i f tin
State. 1 do nm mean to say that the
influence of the f aU .o id ,,iid laisiep- I
re.-entatii n , which h ive been pvoinul
jriitod by tho opponents of tae am: ad
Jiiont havo been altogethor overcome,
but do mean ta say that t'ao leavin . f
truth nnd of fact which has thus be. -a
put in nioti ,:i is rapidly leaveaiai; the
whole loaf, and tlio re nly aad h. arty
resp.mse nf tlie pe.;p!e . the work al
ready been d uie ties aliun.lant and
t-atisfactory iissuraiue. ihat w'.ien tin
work which is y.. to be d.iae by fae
press, tho candidal, s . f this n avch
tioa. caiiiihlale; of the Ht.te ami Sen a.
torial convention-!, our White Suprem
iicy Clubs, the coimniitees and the b -Kions
of individual workers t!ir- ic!i
out the State before the elecii.a; liiei-.-will
ho such e:miii(? tni;ether of the
white pooplo uf the State in faor ,.f
tho amendment as has never before ta
ken place in favor .:f any measure sub- .
Itlit toil to the people; anil on the day (if
tho election the white pooplo of the
State, irrespective nf party, will rail
up a majority in favor of while su- '
premacy. and the candidates ti.imiiiated I
by this convention which will be r.iis.i.
lately cru-hing to the advocate; of i.e
gi rule nnd negro suffrage.
Wheu your la t State convention met
in this city two ears ago every de
partment of the State government was
in tho hands of the fushmists. Not
loss than one thousan I negroes were
iholdine public olllces in North Caro
lina. Tlio then m..st influential no a
In the Republican party tlio recogniz
ed leader of tlie K'o.oiiti negro voter,
that bright particular star in the Ui -publican
lb mainent, the negro Con
gressman (leorgo H. White, wai deti
antlf inviting the race issue and Inso
lently declaring that, tho ncgrucs iu
North Parol iua did not hold as many
offices a they were entitled to hoi i.
and demanding in their name thai the.
be given more olllces Chan they held
We accepted tills issue; upon ii we
went to tho people, and they declared
that negro rule in NortU Carolina must
and should cease, gml negro otliee
holding should stop. Neuro rule in
North Carolina has practically stop- .
pod. There are still some negro mag-
Istrate here and there In tlio eastern
part of the State, elected by the fusion- j
Ists. whoso terms have not expired, but (
thank C5oJ nr not doing any business
now. There are still same negro post
masters holding office in KastemNoi th
Carolina, the appointees of I'rilchard
and White, but them are not so many
as there once was; many of them have
heon sent to tho penitentiary for co,-- :
mptlon in otrho.
As a result of the election of
white supremacy has been restored. I
Hid we now have white supremacy in
the State. If the white pooplo of the
State would always ttand t -gothrr and
veto together as they did in !)( wo
would always have white Eiiprema y
; the isity ,-r a .o-s,:,,,!,,-,.
: 81 t'li"ti.!im but th" white people
; WTU, n..t always stand tog. t her and
x '-' tcgetlicr as t.hoy di,i in isps, am!
!".?',, S'T. ' vllil su"-'ni:ie.v.
, ' .' ...Miiu unuivB si:i:ni I
: ion ii"r
and vote t sother "r,s thev ill,...
i did up, a all public oiiestlonB, without
, niiy roierenco to differences in opin
ion !!d intere.-(. that ill It.olf woull ae
: :i bad and uadesirablo o diti .n. both
, t i the individual and to the Slate, be.
"-Use 111,..,. P.m J,,. , J,,.,!; ,;.,
morally, intellectually or m.itorialiv
wlnlo the mind is Cjt free to ac- a.i
jo Ipmenl ,.,nd ,-ans, ience directs. ,
the pin ji.-so of n siorim; white .-unrein-;"'.v
nal.it:- it necessary that
. white a., n ... ci. always vote U.L'eih-r
nnd act oceU.er with .nt referf nr.. to
tho impulse ,,f heart and dictates of
! Hie lus-t I.rs::d:.t.ire. n prc ei, i
mm: the whi;,. ma' . od ard while wo
rn ;ts1j. od of t!i S ato. submitted th,
c: s. national ane ndm. at. This
:i'i:i in'iiient emi-o iii s our plan f r cs-
j tiibh hii.i; white supremacy upon a
pelmatic..; basis and at the suv.e iimo
fn-eiim the i.;ij,d and c nsi ieiu e of ihe
Whit,- !,,;;,. -J l,,, w.y ( . lljt,u ,
l'i'. object can be r.i, j ;,,
one .-em. a.,.; it ,j :cs it by dl.-na'a- i.s
itur :.-e i.'ii,a-aiit i;e;ro with ill .1
! a achisinu the i'ii,.u,-ated white mm.
'Ibis dls.-rimiiiatioti acain-t the isi ac--
i'lit n-m-o ia fax. if of ihe utiol
wa:.e man we mair.ri!:i i. n.t vl l.i'
in; eitiisi- the ftainte nr n;,;r,d i iw.
' 1 ' ' 11 is teu a li.'scrtn.itintio:) ,..i ,e -''"
.nt .! "i.ue. c nr i pro i. m.., ciiti
'l;!:,n." h it ,,a aeiount of w.-ll recu,-
' s: .-i.tial ilttfei. ii,-. s in
riora! and iii!.jecual attribalcs ol
tie- two r.ie. s.
i Ihe I 'i ill. or,' lie I'.nriy sflyn. as a re
iilt i' ' .i a H i il. that ihe i-norant --'io
is a i hi to v.de and is n,,t entit:, d
I to i.te. bcoau.e he noisier seeks to
isriit.'i s.aml uie- is he capable f un'er.
obJiM t and effi
Dcni.-.erat'e n i
ct of ll;
e.onu. i ae oppnner.U ;f the
atuenumeat do u.-t t iko into ticoouni
this cf.-ciitial difference between til
lines. -Ihore js a distinction between
tlie ign -.rant uian and an un-'ducai." 1
matt, not a fanciful or th -oroiii ;il di.--tii
tion. but a te , Hying di-.tlacth.n.
and in tiilr; distinction is found 'he
fou: d ui. ti prim i.. s of our an.e:.,
ni'.at. The uneducated white man of
No: :h Ca oli'ia. although ho h is no
b 1. ie.'irniiig. i, selii.. :i evei iin i-nor-.at:!
man: he is grneraily w.-ll Iniorin
od: h" is generally well -i . ; ho
cannot :' a-i t he newspaper.-, bat he can
in when be boars thi :u
n. f b" abln 'o ili.-cuss
nice and t I' i.T. but ho
m w'aon h-' hear llnue
dl: . ti-.-cd. II,
c i- ;i Man i..; indepe i
glil and indeo.-ii lei-.ce of
eeks to unilei -'.in I and
del:.- of th,
ai :i 11. I Ie
is capable of u!!ile:staadi:n; tie- . f
i of public iptisti.-ns urn: him ;,nd
im. re-1.-. lie loy s his t i'i,..i .-
h.iiuo an t his c .uiitry, rMid ! e.iu
I'm - Iho e before he cast ; hi- vol
si oka diligently to umh isiaml its
elTcct up a family, homo an I c ualry;
he not only acoks to un.iei .-land, but
he lias the capacity of ua':er.-tandilc;
its eft'", t upon iln.se sail i I interest-,
i he ur.e iueatid white nu n if N'oi-ii
Carolina are go:.l citizens in pci.-o ami
spi.-ndid s.d.lii rs la war. Tin lined i
i.iicd white nu n f North faioliini ate
iV cendid from a race who. heiVr.. ihe
art . t reading and writing wis known. I
bad i -,t tldlslu A an orderly system (:f i
go. eminent, the basis ( f tin system
under w h h we now live and tl." envy
of the w- rid. Th" linodacal. d w hile
men of N'Ut'i Caralina at" deurerde.l
from a race who. before th-ir pi "i-.lesi
i iiiof e ,nbl re i 1 or write had produced
. a. iters, s: :tesn:.n ami warrior; w!n.-o
name nnd fame live in histirv ci,:,
' this day. The iinedm-ated white men
'of N ,rth Car.dina are df -ceiide, froul
:i race which is today Uie domimititi
, power in the world: the world s great
, oivllizor. tho world's great Carlsihin
; izcf: a race of S ate builders and Stan;
construct irs; the fear of the oppres
sors, and the hope of the oppressed
throughout tho earth. The white men
of North Carolina are do a ende i fnen
a race which t:ol only here, but else
when-, nut only loday. hut at all times
ia their history, have shawn their c -paeity
for the ballot and government
in th'-ir uneducated as well as iu their
i dmati d e ml ii ion. On the other hand
ihe uneducated negro is nearly always
an ignorant man. dull, heavy, without
opinions, without convictions, with
but little Judgment and scarcely any
Here some one in the audience said.
"And ho has no conscience." Mr. Sim
la ms stopped, ami turning in th" di
rection of tli" iinerriipter. said with
-ol mnity and with much i'u unless, I
laiiuat say tli.U and I will not sr.
that." Then proceoiing. he said: H-.
has couwmratlvcly no love of famih.
homo or country, and because ho care-,
little far those he is Indifferent as tothe
effect of his vote up m thorn, and there
fore neither seeks to learn nor h.is the
capacity of understanding its etfe. t j
iipan these interests. He i descended
from a rin e the lowest in order of in- j
d iligence and moral perception anion
the races of men. Sometimes. iud-'"-l. :
he attains to a measure of civilization. '
but it is always the result of contact ;
with tin- white man. and a.; soon as
that contact is withdrawn he rapidly :
returns to his original condition cf
barbarism. He j; the child man of'
ihe aces. Shall we long, r continue, this j
vain effort to preserve political equal
ity bet worn two peoples nitulo by Cod j
so unequal - between this giant of the !
ccnturic.s and this child of tho dat k
'continent? Kor thirty-three years we :
have tixr.,1 ourselves in our poverty to
liUti?.-. 1; is not cur pu. ; t , t .j...
fiMtn him any of the r- ri.ii ,,- mivi
If-Koa. lhu-ins lhe-o t.iirty tli V. -.i
he has alio been all. .wo m uUe s.e'.i
of them hue mea.-urabiy pr.-pa'e.i
tlioir.:o!v(s for ji io;'sr;;ab'ly int. ifii-eai
OXereise of the .-llffl but the i; , .,;
muss and duly uf them have rotaaia.-.i
isn.iriuii as in th" !. rtlniiliiir. .-.n !
line ou.-ci-ad the ballot fur tbii:
own hurt and to t'.ie injury i f tin
white men of the State. After this la:..-,
and pat ion:, experiment we now pr.
p to take ft, -.in this per.-jstoi:! Iv i i
coa p-t. nt iaass ihe ballot j;;st as w.
would tiike a pi-tol fr -m thy hand
a diill for hi own protection and tin
prnteoti, n i f I'.c S.ate, Y do rot d;
ihls in an :;.T, but in inert y; ve ,i,i nu,
ilo it i:i th.e spit it o-f an Mioniy, hut of a
frienu; w,. du .,, ,, u ,),, i.ij,,;..
tlco t.o the ,ip;M; we ii) not illUild ;r
do injustice to the iio;:v; we nr.. ,,
:! lilK itiin-iao to tin' ii. yru: but if v.o
cannot do full justice to :ho white p, ,i
,le ;,f N :rfh Caridina rvithou. di;:.;
i'lcidf ntally inj is.iie t i the
then the lav.' (f the s-irviviil of !!
littir-: pin t apply. If it b - inju.-ti.e
and we deny that it is t th- ijn.iraat.
noiro in take lue bilbu fr mi him, it
would "ue a cro "or i i: j ; -1 ' , !,i tie."
.vhite men i r North faiolia.i n ! ta
do it. The.,. a, , :litv b. I'.Vee.; the
black Hill it aid the w lit" Mail. V' U
lair.nt .a.l.i thim i.jii.ii wiiheit i,,;!l-
i::K l ie 1
lOj.TO U id t'.e
a r pallici: i ii
tle --,l (,f tlie 1
I! the I'.e.rro Up i
el of lh
hit" m i1!
i i. V. it
he b i 1
i iWtl to
of t he w lii
H 1 ..vei i f :
moving all p
'I v.i k: ilot.iii
upon a pci.a
tuaiy. and f...
tie at is oar plan for n--o
sible d.-.tia. r of fat ui "
itition; for t staldishing
'n nt bacis w hi;.- supn -r
forcing the white man
it he may vote ;js ja-U-
OiP n tarns a:
V. e say it is I, iv. t,ii. v
it is .ii. st. and with intiro ooalid. to
both in its wis. loin an 1 its jus;h e ;.r
its righteoiis:,. ss- rip .. too-usnoss to tl
write man without being unjust to i!
Uigro- v.e -al -nit it not only to ;
white p. opie ,,f the State, irr.-sp, cti
oi party, but to the j nlgim-nt and co:
science of the world.
C.i nti men of th.
I i the duty of Cci:
'on vi mion. il
' ' ' '. ..ii,.-. to wiiat In-
laocraey has iotk. m m, an. The p; rl:
was in Ihe hnr.ds of false hadcis. vvh i
bad betrayed its prineipiis; ilo i-e v.a.:
doubt a., to v.-'ieti'.-r the N.-itionul Con
volition whiih was to meet that .'ai'
would adoj.t th" 1 iomio -ratio prtnelple
if iumoial!iMn or tl.o Kepi:!dican i -
t ri:i" of gold n:ie:o;m ;!
v. as i n doubt as to whet!
volition would hive the
I. ai. Th
or tiiat co
in minute straight )etno,v; is for tin
p; : iii. in y and i, c-p". si '. -m . That
great i luivontioa. the mo t-t p:i .-:,: .
the of the ma.-. a s in the !-; t, :y ol' th
party, met the :-sue s;.::r.-"ly. ib -pos.-,
tin so false bailors, brought th" part.,
back to its lirst -riri.-ip!. s. and r. p.
lished it upon the id. ais of ,lei'i,-: so,i
and Jackson. Theio Is now no doue
about w hat Hemocraiy ia.-aus. 'I'h
ilab'gates which ibis convention sha'i
i ppoint when they meet with their
associate delegates in Kansas City this
year v. iil meet not to iju.irr. I about
what 1 1 inoevacy means t,, -,. i,
whethi r it wiH be exjc iluut to mci.:
nate a straight Democrat for the l resi
dency, but to reaffirm the gnat prir
liplcs of ihe party i.s they live in the
hearts of tlie I ie rr.o: ratio i.n.s . and
to ratify the n .niination which has al
ready been made be t! people of that
great tribune of the pi o;de William
Jennings J!t van.
1 bring you a ires-sag.': it is a ins
sage of gladness. 1 be':, vo 1 have some
prophesying w ith
lie matter o:'
ongh iindei.-tindina : !' the situation
After careful nm tnraiion I ani abi - to
1 say to you that the constitutional
nnicndinent is safe; that every noad
nee i f this convention wiil be elected;
and while I cannot venture to speak
with certainty about the nsult iu tin
nation. 1 can and do say that, the yros
pect grows b: ight.r ami brighter day
by day: and if I were not afiai-l 01' th"
joviaus dirorder whi, h the m.-ntioa ol
his name a f.-w- minute:; :u:o cvo!-:ed
I would say that there was abundant
; reii-on to believe that William Jen
nings Itryan will be w.ur next Presi
dent. I did not int, nd to say as much as 1
have said. 1 am no speaker of r 1
speeches. As 1 have proceeded you u.iv
encouraged joe to say more th,;li i had
1 oiiteniplat. d faying. L I loive spola 1
too long ) fm are r, spiui..!de for 11. and
II is my duty, as 1 staled ia the cut
set, to name your temporary presiding
officer. In doing that it is also p.-,-pleas
lire to introduce him to yo,:.
Winn you ." him you will say he ;;
a young man for such a respon-iba-position,
lie is imbed young in vein ;.
but ho Is mature in jialgini nt. He i a
tepresentatlvo type of the young De
mocracy of North Carolina, and I , o i d
not pay any young man a higher 10:11
p'iiiii nt than to i iiy that.
' II.MPDUAIiV CIIAIKMAN WKltli.
Mr. Simmons then auiioiim 1 d that
Mr. I'. V. Webb would bo the tempor
ary presiding officer of th" convention
(ireat Slaughter ill Luzon Province.
Manila. Hy Cable.- General Your.';
reports that "on insurgent rillrn.an
i'lid bolonn n attai ked the Anicri'.i i
garrison at Hat, v. proviine of .Vot.'t
1 locos, yesterday, but wire iep;e e!.
losing oi; nu n. 'I he Aio.-i i niai had
l.o losses. Captain Do. I I. v.Mi a
(iiailron of the Third Cavalry n : n: -ly
surrounded a vill i: e iu lb i,g..
province and surprised -jm KiMiptno .
living in I. ana, l-.s. npar. -nt iy a i "
Tiiiting icntrr for th" ptovin.c Th,
natives Toi t men kilbd nnd lliap
Hired. The Anu i if ans but nr, tlie nl
luge. One Americin w.ss wo nidid.
Mhiente his ohl!dio . :
cd him In his lif-v 1,1
ity; wo have ndruii
equal luitid-d ji s ;
MR. PARKER AFTER TliEM.
Trylnj to Kerp Th: Populist In Ths
Middl-of 111 .Road.
.'o. A. Parker, of I, uis ille. Ky.. sec
retary of tho so-cali'd nilddle-of-the-
j road wing ...f the p. pulist National
Committee, js in the citv, quartered at
I Mr. Parker has rotiio here to get a
! line on the North Carolina Populists,
whom he desires to see represented at
the national convention of the .Middlo-ul'-the-Koaders,
which meets in fin
cinnati. .Mr. J'arker says that a dob
Kiition will go from Notth Carolina t
Cincinnati, Senator Uutler tj the con
trii'V. Now the middie-i.f-the -r union
love Uatler like a prohibitionist take-.
to red rye. Mr. Parker pays his i e-
sieotg to Senator Itutler iu an inter
view with the Po-t:
to a reporter Mr. Parker spoke oii':the nr. at revolution in ! --TO, which
; thusiastically of the prospects of th
Cincinnati convention which meets o:
May '.i;h as a result of the call issue,
' tho anti-fusion members of the
tional committee at Lincoln. Ni b
i Speaking of the Sioux Kalis c him n
tlon Mr. Parker said: "Cndoubhte d'j
the Sioux Kills o invention will , -
, whatever th" so-called 'ioidciv.' of taa
lusbiii pnrty wish it to d . They wii:
. Illle that eatuelilioli with the satin-
'tactics tiny employed ;" the m-ei in
( of the national i ommitn
: "How is Cat ?"
"At a ;i:o. -tins of the n.rional i-ani
mitloe tli majority cf the legal votes
' wa re against the fusionists. As so-.n
r.s this wa.s deiermined H itler m ide up
( Wi.nt he i ailed a 'lomp a ary rvil' of
the eoniniiit,.,., dropping from the roll
ar changing thirty-one anti-fusion
moinbeis. The pretext for this was
that some h id participated in the al
leged nominal!, n nf Harlo r and Hon
le'.lv at Cincinnati in !vv Hut thi;
was a. mere pr. t"Xt. as only two mem
bers of the national (iiniiiil pari..--piled
in that omv.-tr :-,,::. whoieas
Itutler dropped off thirty-uiu- a p:o
rceding so unusual, so di-reputable
ll'.al it arou.-e 1 tho groan -t iu ligua
tioti throughout tho nation iu P p;ili--i
circles, and today Hut lei ha- no foi
1 iwers outside of North C.iroilo.i. fave
among deputy iiemocrats. P..)oil:si.:
(very where are doing like day d. 1 in
Georgia, which by ri solution, una-iii-.
.. . convention at
- i - , . .dialed Butler's
. oer. done in In-
11 .da, Miniiesoi:i,
I nearly ever-'
.- t. Jkmy Stale
...... .oi. ..u.s ate to ta held (hiu week.
and with tiie po-sible exception of
North Carolina will all ivpudi ite liu:
ler's action at Lincoln by .sending ,! I
egates to Cincinnati.
"The ami fe.si, n Populists nt Lincoln
had ".7 b'ga! volt complying ia every
respect wiMi the rubs of t he c .mmil
tee. Senator Itutl.-r's contingent ha!
:i!i out :to leglll Vli'i'-., though they voted
a nunibi-i' of men and proxies not. meiii
b.'ls of the cointliiHeo for years.
"Uutler b ol n i rig.it to make up a
'temporii' y r el f ti:e committee. The
committee is c imposed of thice i-iea
eleiled by the I'.'P'lii-tS of their sever
al State.-, and n., oao h:is a right to re
move one ,,f iho-e men except too pe i
plo who eleet.-d til ill . Mat Iiutb-r tv
iiM'. od, temporarily, at least :!l of til -s
members, cte.it. d a majority out of a
pronounced minority. disfraiichaa ,1
t a Populists i f many
a t- t i further his political
am from Kentucky, an 1
al known (loholisni at i: i
' lane. du Uutler u;-i;.ie
.-tat".-, in o
have :e.n ;
111 !. ,1 C.eic
sioiid of n.
1 onniii:t,-e :
! to Butler thiit if. in
fai luring a roll to .-ui:
:ld take the roll of l!i"
i- -e I up. n by the com
mittee itself , it Omaha iu lspv and as
given 1. ut by !,i;u on his artlyal at l.in
1 .du to the pr, except where chang
ed by Slate coii.eiitb'ns as the inle.i
provide, ami would hear all contests
iefere a colilUilltee 1 pi eselll ill ; both
elements bairl.. . e would abiimlon
o.ir ciuiic-tiai; o-uatiiatioti. but Itut
ler saw iu this p-i p sii;oa the certain
ly of our controlling the commute"
and replied b. 'tiring over tho tr.iti-,-o,a,'
as :-"e:iut.,r Allen calls i:. such
worthy Populists as c-('ongresnuan
Howard, of Al. ib. .ma. H n. l-'raiik ltur
l:if. of lli.s-i.-sippi. the venoiaide .In").
Si itz. 1 f tlhio. State chiiirtnan A. I..
Jl.nis. of Tonnes -eo. Chairman . W.
Kilos, of Arkansas, the three C.eoigin
members a til many 1 tlnis. With P.ut
b r it was nil" or ruin, and ho allowed
nothing to stand between him and suc
cess. The result Is that today ho is a
b ader without a following, and his al-
I, -.'a, I convention at Sioux Kalis will he
otcble t. deliver to ltrvan a single
i Populi. t vide. Kvery one who will fob
j low that convention would have vute.l
1 for Itryan any way.
"I'usion is a disreputable policy on
gen. I..1 p i:o ipb s. If I th ti;;ht the
, I ici.iocrat to party was right, and thcre
I lore worthv to 'fuse' with. I would
join it h.-v.es'ly, and take 'pot luck'
! v.iili the b y.-; inthe trenches. I would
' not band ti gether a lot of pie hunters
! ;.ml make place and pever Ihe price of
! 111 y lovaliv.
I "I'u i 11 i political p.ostit'itioii. and
I its leader- are political prostitute:.
! ' lluile- i- simply phtv'ng to the gal
' lorie-. in M t h Carolina If Ihe Homo
1 1 rata are i.o.ni enough nationally I'm
i Pi,;,:.h-is 1 - voie for ila v are good
' 1 -1 1 - : - a 1 1 in Noil ii Car. Im ,. It would
be a pe.son.tl insuii to N 1 1 1 C.ii olin.i
! pe pie to siv Democrats an- dislouiest
hero, bit p.iro elsewhere A North
Carolina D inooriit is as good as a Ne
i l,ra-!,a Democrat, only the Nebraska
J I'tomo. mi miisi be good to th" Popu
! lists iu o; di r to hold his vote Hen
1 tho D moor its don't need him. Tin
I I torn no: a is of tho Northwest, throng!
j such nun as Si nator Allen and oilot
I fusion Icoieis are simply playing ih
I rank atal til" Populists for suckers I
' lividitig 'ip ihe spoil-, while they 'w.n
1 th" otic r .e.' "
j Wli.,t ,1 1 you think" the North Cur
, oliti 1 e-.iiv, ntion lu-ro will do?" Mo
j Pi'Iile.- uas asked.
I - hi e no idea.'' wa tlw reply. 1
l.a.e no .icquaintigico with a singlt
Pupal. in iu North Carolina and know
absolutely mulling of the situation. I
presume Senator Hutb r will have
Hunts h.s own way. I hiir heard that
tie runs things pretty tcia h p.s ho
(ilea.MS in North Car: I;:,:; '
Mr. Parker ku.vk ho I i.. r e to "do tho
i' st ho can for his cau-e and is por
Ncily willing to defend lo- jio.-iiion on
:his (pKBtion in the c incnti .n today,
f given the (.ppoitiiait...
Prom One Wh.i Km v.
I Progress! v e I'.ii iu. r. I
Kditors I'niBrissivo l iniiier: 1 a.n
tery deeply inti nsted ,:i the Bairrss of
the I'ff.irt to siceiiro ;i liniite 1 saffrai'.i'
to the nopro in North Carolina, by the
adoition of the propusi d Constitution.
t! Amendment. I am faily persuaded it
would prove a prosit blessing to ihe
State of North Carolina, to all of its
citizens, includini; the ne.-oes,
I lane been sojourniii-; in Sm.th
Carolina, my natix. Still., for pbout
two months, and see tlw gnat li. ne
lit to all classes of its p ipt. nemuo-
i im dud .!. from the practical retin inenl
- , if the negro tram poliiii.il inila. r.rc
j nnd power. ', ins was virtually dor by
'wrested tho ,r,wcr from the negro's
on 'and their leaders, and vested it in ihe
ip'-l whit" pi old.'. I or soai time th" vires
nu- letainid ih- political power by :n cn
i:i I tire control of the .-h ction machinery,
'.he manag. in, t't of tin . b-ction was
'Iltlrely in the hands of the llll()
ratlc pa-'ty. The lav rcqui-r d tl.at
(hero sh al;l In a S(;;': ' :,o far tho
reception f each vote for a candidate
foi any pai I'cular op'. .. lho h box was
to be marked for (ievi rnor. Lieutenant
II Itl linr, i'o:.;,:i" . fei nu ::;'.- : s i f
the House nnd the law provi.h I that
in any cure if tlie la!'.,.t was not ib
osit.il In the right lo it was iu.a!i
tiatcd. It also provided hat o.u h voter
should deposit his ballot iti person,
with no one near him. As a !' sa.t il
literate persons co::M :a t vo;". unless
the management of the election chose
to give Information a .5 to tl'.- righ' 1, -i
In which to d, po-i- i a, I; b illot . - a
result Illiterate .on-.s where '.ot.-s
were not desired w "" p'.-.n lii ally do
burred from yotin-,'. Th-To v. ere g"i ve
.lbj.t lions to this sy -stein, an ! .;.',!.
(Iiouglit that it wan iiuvvi-" t ) l.i.z.int
its continuance in in so of div is-.n
niiiong tlie whitis. To fully .-ei are the
Victory that had ".r'sied the povv,r
from the igmirart mi I i:n . : :i ; -i -tit
ie grocs and tliel.' self-.-, .-kin r : i.le.s.
the aiiiendiuenl t.) tic- ''o';s,if,(;iai v a.
I livid here during that lmrrii !"
l'gl'.tmaro of Iteconsina tion. and tan
f Iv idly recall the anxi.-tv a- ta. ;i:', ami
iiop.rty. that hung lino a ;:U aver
die whole people, and 1-1:1 but note tLe
la'.nz'ug change that lias taken placp.
I wish to say a few words. 1:10:0
iecially to my Populist friends, in
trard to tb.e ni ndirg contest in oar
,tatG. Wo have ofi. e. criticisi 1 ami not
Im't i qncctly abused the ,1 n,ii.-.-;iti for
makinij tlie m gro l.-.soe a iraraniov.nt
Now tho amendment will practically
limin. it" the negro ipiestton from our
l-oiiiiial contists in the future and
ivo trt us Cue I'pportunity of discis.i
1 11 c :--sui s of far gn ater iniprot am. .-.
Now, will it be cons .-P nt in us to
n f ufo to assist in that cii'o.t to supn ss
tlio ignoi uH negro mi. ' I think it
he duty oi ery o
.lilt aside ;.iy lu'ti rti
nent that may have
iiist. i'.ml unite in. the
o secure this P.; d:!':c
a:. I reliev its f.oia !
h:. I dangerous re g o
( I II: 01
ot the Stat" to
or 1 strange- (
" . irr. d in tli"
pi' st from all
'a n of suffrage
:: spioabil-l .
II II. HOCCS
kcpublicAn Pa p; r Conns Out For It.
The State Journal, I '"d by Jam, "
M. Allen, a white Hi : le an, puts ,(
:he bc.ol of that p it- r Ih.- niotto:
Wblto Supictiiiicy . n.iii.-torcd by
.lie Henublicjn Pari;.
We give below Mr
lclinitig lho pr.sitlen
Journal upon .110 A::
(H it em
The State Journal. ;
pension, is be!' Ue t ie
have decided to ad-.o
inoiit, believing it to
, liter, st of N..;ih ('.
.ally surw-yed the u
die fai t that we do:
jur Kopublican fri.-n-i
While the P. piibl
ion has not jet as
.'lared ag.'iiia-t the An
liltistieil ftlitn pr' set".
Mh a s editiirial.
, 1 tl." Stat"
o : a short pus
aoo again. W,
for the lest
. :.a. We have
.:. i and realii'
1 w'th many of
a S: ato Ciinveli
r,!'l, , and do. j
ncinrnf. we are
uidieij iiui.s t hat ,
t w ill do so. if' i v.'lA "
Siiv clear to abatf b :
oiid s.-e our
ie, -ision on '
i .1iis ipn stioti.
i Ar. :i Wi'.'ti'Mi It. pul in .1:1. we cani.
I o lialeigh iu lv7 to ;....pt u position
i imler the fusion adiii.ii'.-ti ation. We
' have had nil opp.u ti.ni'y to observe
j Jinl study ast.ru coalitions and have
i r.ccumo i olivine, il thai .ere is some-
Ihing radically wrong in the i-.nst.
While the Ar.iendm. 111 may not earn
ill our ills, it h'-ad.- in tin
Mon ami v. Ill iaipr iv pr,
As a life long Id pubii,
this coulee, bi Ii. 1: a it t
be.-t illtell St of the white
North Catoitn.i and al th
11. We .1 1.0
be for the
n as a ., -pparl.-d
, ts to 1 all
lt ...i- duty
n the St;. 1
see 1 ,n -
a'o and iinpio-.e
lalo' this j as It 1
w ho has alw ay., s.
ill 1 1. k( and e 1
do so. and belt.-'.
'tillllO la do
if every tn
10 do the sa
. We wani 1
lions such that mi 11 , an moot 1 ,a a
oilier on the slump as g, 1. in nun and
di. cuss piiiiiiplcs and 1! - -,al 0,111;
0111 ii a I. 1 1 bp utiolii'l and . -1 1 . 1 a.ti 1 1 st
of Ih" Sl..le. This ea-l la '. 1 . be i!"V
cist of Charlotte until tin ulil. k 1 !o id
of Hie ';,st is lenillVca.
K10111 now until the eh. I. a v. diail
battle for what v. e hr!ne is nght,
regardless of tlio ecnsoqur noes. This ia
I que.-tion that should be clove pari v.
t itle the i.uiition of white supremacy
n North Car. Una first, remove tho
lunger ami then battle for white llo-
pal.iii an rule.
Wo shall iiiiitinue to suppon the l(e-
II iblican ticket and defend Ii "pu bin ;. n
I' incipli s. but on ihe race qui s: en w ,1
o a;.. f . to : t.it d bv our nv, n : ;, ,-.
A IM!!':'. !' of large i.ix
it. I'd., have illstii l!
njuio t'. n ai.ai"-t the
1 -t-aipieg t.h'-ni tram
-iyerr. of 11, 11- I
: .-nit for an j
' ty'a ofocia's,
lioy, a:- ,- ,n rad with the new La-ruiili-
III, 'rj, Company for city light.
TCRM AN ALMOST INDISPENSABLE
ELEMENT IN THE LlrE.
Itilrrillcil It'll .Not I.lllril t biquilT
Truilrr Niilive mi, I Clilnrse l.Htor
C,.ii,i,iri, A 1 loulile l or the Future
I llipliei I.ulior U l lti rlr lluirlr.
ACTS brought out
by recent investi
gators prove thai
forms an almost in
disp en sable cle
ment in the life of
the Philippines. 1
am not wholly sure
that it would be a
wild statement to
suy that develop
ment in the inland:!
is impossible witli-
tnit the patient,
The history of these people in the
Philippines is a long tule of a tena
cious struggle iigainst opposing con
ditions. No one knows just when
these relations lirst began. Chinese
trade with the semi-barbarous abor
igines probably very greatly antedates
Spuuii.li discovery ami settlement.
Their position 111 the islands has al
ways lieeu a lu cuioir one. They havo
been tolerated r
r than encouraged,
because of 11 Minutest necessity for.
their presence. Tin y have never been j
rcaliy welcome, m-vcr popular, always I
regarded as a thing apart, a sort uf
necessary evil. Aguia and ugaiu their
total expulsion bus been considered,
and about the miil ileof the eighteenth
intury it was actually ordered, but
tho order was suppressed. The com
plaint brought against the Chiuamau
in tiie Philippines is the same as that
too often heard iutheSla'es. Jle does
not form or become
ol th'j so-.'ial and pcitical organism,
lie is a kind of eoaini' '. cuil parasite,
or leech. He goes to another coun
try than his own simply to make what
money he can out of that country, and
then return to his own lun l. He will
work cheaply nud sell for a narrow
margin. His patient industry, his
economy ami thrift, are offensive
rather than otherwise to the indolent
and improvident native. The Filipino
v. oi'.'d not do the work that John docs,
but ho clings to an ilea that JoUu is
h.s industrial competitor, and, by
working nt n cheaper rate, is taking
the bread out of his mouth. As a eon-
se (tienec, .lonn is not approved
Throughout the islands tho China-
man is the general trader. His shop
is seldom much larger than a dry
goods box, but he crams a lot of mer
chandise into it. In m.iuy sections
ho is the middle man between the
producer and tho Iluglish or I'.u-
ropcaii trading uouse. He buys hemp,
pru. and other products iu small
I writes 11
lot --, often takes them in trade by ! novice. Hailed before a committee of
baiter for his wares. He stores I11V '. feuiors. he was solemnly asked whether
lump until he has a bale or two, ' he was of 1 he "founder's kin," i.e.,
which he mny sell direct to the ex- i of the family of William of Wykehatn.
poller or turn over to a compatriot ' N' matter w hat the answer might bo,
who deais on a little larger scale than i whether "yes'' or "no," its accuracy
himself. His general transactions are : was tested by "breaking," or attempt
on a small scale, though here and ; ing to break, a plate over nis head,
there one finds a Chinaman of v
0 .icusivi! trade relations and lurg, iu- j
i' in.'. Such men, as a rule, arc the j
gatherers of the small lots picked up 1
by liioir fellow-countrymen. The I
( utili se pack-peddler has ulsto been a
I, attire iu island life, and many of ;
them have lost both lifo and pa il at .
tiie hands of those with whom tluyi
.-oii-jht trade in outlying and isolated
ctioiis, Iuiioeituin way, John docs j
1 d se. ia to have the pluck of a sheep. :
Hut lie will seek trade at the risk ..f
ni- life among those wiio hate hi 111,
111 1 the Chinese litter bearer jo.'ging
:.l"io: 111 dangerous spots on the Hung
in.e, seemingly indifferent to bullets,
1. a wi ll-re.'oguizcU feature iu nub-
t oy experience here. This apparent
tcu'u riiv ia probably loss duo t mr-
ir pluck than it is to tho fact that
the King of Terrors is loss of a bnga-
bo, to him than to many of greater
physical and moral courage. His be-
in a blissful immortality seems to
I b" a bit morn firmly anchored than
j tu.it of tho average Christian, and
j death is nu incident which does not
' 1 cue bi n as it does most of us.
John is n shrewd trader, a clever
evador of custom tariffs and an eco
nomical merchant. Yet ho is surpris
ingly honest iu commercial transac
tions. Prom the stocks displayed iu
;tlii! Chinese shops in Manila, in llo-'il-i,
iu Jolo, in .atuboangii and in the
:-,.i:iiler eities of Luzon and I'saiju,
i t.o might readily iufer, probably w ith
correctness, tiuit tho Philippine trade
was chi Ity iu the hands of n lew
houses in ilong Kong .m l Sinapore.
There iin very noticeable sameness
in the articles and patterns displayed
l'iie Jul stoic might almost ns well
be in San Fernando or Aparri and vice
versa. This may be duo in large
measure to a cci tain o.uiservuti voness
011 thu part ol Ihe patrons. Certain
colors, certain wares and certain pat-
torus seem to be staple. Fashions do
II,. change, ns w n h ns
The position , t tlie Chinaman iu
the industrial and agricultural life of
the islands is probably one of supremo
importance, lie works patiently and
pi rsistently. He will work all the
time, and, if necessary, endless hours
a day. He can bo counted 011 for
1 ii lit hours, for ten hours per day.
The Filipino cannot. lie employs
his tiuio to suit his ow u ider.s, not to
suit thus,, of his employer. Almost
no reliance is tn be placed upon him.
That is one of the thing ' we have to
loach luui. He hai- to learn that he
will be a great deal happier it he will
ivoil, liiui'c'.f half to death for tho
s.iku of getting a lot of things that will
not do him a littio bit of good. He
has Jo learn that lile is n tint failure
unless be has something better than
his neighbor; that life is useless unless
tpent in moiling and toiling, early and 1
late. Of course ii is social heresy,
but tho more rep of tropical races
tho more do 1 wonder if they really
have in.t the best of it after all.
Put the Chiiiauinu will work, and
therefore is of much interest ami con
cern for the prospective investor. Ho
is the laborer of that region. He will
labor at anything and will usually d
his w ork faithfully and well. At leas',
Ii- can be made to if rightly bundled.
Jle is the worker now, particularly in
the cities and towns, where his life ii
protected by laws and policemen. Ju
many farts of the linul districts ho
runs some risk, with no added in
ducement to do so. Jlight there lies
a dilemma. Tho sugar planter, in
order to succeed, the hemp raiser,
tho tobacco planter, the indigo or
coffee raiser, if these industries prove
successful hero, must have regular
and reliable labor. Tor Hint, J'ili
nino labor is utterly hopelifs. Tho
1 native might bo educated to it in a
j generation or two, but who is to pay
' for his education? John is the man,
I and there are enough of him lobe hud
I for all the farms, plantations ami
i estates, for all tho mills ami factories
! that will ever be started . 1 the Phili
, piuos. l!ut if he be allowed to come
: 111 huge numbers, tho I'liitcl States
will probably stand in the position of
I an interested participant iu a very
j lively nice war between the Moiifoi
j un i the disccudant of tho Malay.
Many marvelous .-.capes
enrred in South Africa, itn
hit iu the right thumb, the
: he had
uuger and the tip ol t':e
! ,,.,.1. .. ll bin Jl.. V,.
hit four times and scarcely marked.
Mexico lias a clever bird called tho
inelanai pe-, whichj has discovered a
new use lor tin- ti legraidi pole. At
the foot 1 i ihe post this bird makes a
large In Ie, ia which it rear.; its family;
, somewhat higher '.'.;' the post it makes
'an observatory, :i ,ni winch laired
I holes permit it to observe the horizon
in every direction; stiii higher 1111s
sagacious bird makes its storehouse,
and thus the pole serves us its house,
fortress r.u i v.arehou: c.
The witch house, which is s'.iil re
garded with great interest and uwe at
Salem, Mass., is supposed to be the
oldest building in that part of tho
country, the repute 1 date of its con
struction being Dill. Modern addi
tions from time to time have almost
changed i's identity. Tlio witch
house is win-re people suspected of
practicing tin. black art were tried.
I Tho original
allies ud was of a very ancient stylo
of architecture. The present structuro
is no more than a ititiiuceuce.
At Winchester, i'.n.
custom was in vogu
not without its hum.
land, a cu. :""i
, which, while
oils aspect, was
i particularly trying t 1 the luckless
the theory being that 1! tlie pi ite broke
lirst his ancestry was ok 11 Iv proved.
An even more barbarous bit of bully
ing, once freely indulged in, wus t
"lit" the unlucky wight with a "pair
of tin gloves." This consisted iu scor
ing his hands with a red hot iaggot
stick by way of breaking him in to
handle heated things.
T enclose a hastily made sketch of a
phenomenon witnessed by myself,
( H. v. W . H. Laird,
! brothers, 0:10 sister
i servants, writes I'.. i
j V11.. to the Haltiuior
1 was slightly ov roast.
" shone brightly,
j at the I'oniparative di
, my sketch were two
Mis. 1 .aird, two
and the family
. Lunl. of Kecno,
Snu. The sky
I :i the cast the
)n either side
stances shown iu
suns fainter iu
I tone, but quite distinct. Above these,
; with a centre cutting tiie centre of the
i Due sun, was a distinct rainbow, above
j this another, ami to the right two rain-
hows, whoso arcs met at a tangent 111-
clrird as you sen on sketch. J he rays
of these two arcs were continued in
feathery lines toward the horizon till
lost 111 the cloudy atmosphere. Thu
display was first noticed by the col
ored boy of tlie house, w ho canio in to
notify 111c, and it continued for more
than half an hour, when tho sun dissi
pated the clouds ami the phenomenon
There is a littio inse
Caledonia called the
counts," and which si
t found in New
uns ca)ablo of
. It is found
counting to nt least
011 the leaves of the l amina tree, and
w hen the moment is favorable it may
be seen to turn around, with its head
ns a centre, describing rapid circles.
'" "rst it executes six of them, nut
j one more nor one loss, then it rererses
j 'he movement and makes the sunn)
numb, 1 in mi opposite direction. It
s''ips a moment ami begins again, Im'
1 "nines only nve mis nine, always al-
toruutclv 111 opposite directions. An
other stop, thou double rotation iu al
ternate ways, the tin us this time be
ing only four, and so on, diminishing
constantly in such a way to success
ively three, then two and at last one
single turn. After these gyuiuastie.
exercises, which are at the same time
mathematical, tho insect remains ab
solutely motionless iintik.it gives itself
up again to its complicated calcula
tions wiih au eMic'.itudo which many
pooplo might envy.
Fset s of g ia and e!.-ti ic lights w ill
soon be able to put in a hitlu knick
knack by which ih" 101 1 or ,lecliie
light can bo put out nt a predeter
mined time by 11 11 i 1 1 1 1 : ; the upparutus.
About 1 SoO tons of flowers are annu-
ly raised on 1 ,",oimi acres of laud iu
southern Fr&uce lor the perfumer,