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II. A.- LONDON,
KD1T0K AND riiorWETOR.
TEBMS CF SUSSCniPTlON,
11.50 PES YEAR
Strict! in Advance.
One siuiH.ro, ono lnsprtior.
Oi.'C square, two lwwrtioiia
(Jut) Bipuaxe, out month
VOL. XXI II.
ITITSUOIIO, CHATHAM COUNTY, N. C, THURSDAY. ,1 I'LY 18. li)Ul
For lancjor advertisements liberal cnn
ttiCt -will bo miiilu.
(C.ipJTtKllt, ly liOHMIT lioSNI.il'rf Sox.
c h.mtk it xnr.
The effects of the result of that floe
Con were ma In manifest at umw,
It was imt itn easy matter for tho
ardent Annexationists to accept the
ultimatum of the majority vote, but
manfully they had done it, and thu
intelligence of tho reunited clement j
of the American League wan turned
toward the upbuilding; of 11 country
rich in promise and already yielding
fruitfully to their nourishing e.tre.
Sandford Dole was choeen president
of the republic without it:i opposing;
candidate. Tin sagacity of the man.
Lis patriotism, his unwavering adher
ence to tho principles of freedom,'
niado him the iil-ul candidate.
Iu tho construction of his cabinet,
ho again urged upon my undo to ac
cept the oflioo he had tilled since the
revolution; l.ut I'nolo To-.n declined.
He wus not the man ho was at that
time. He was a-ring under tho sorrow
of Winnie's loan, unl his mind seemed
always troubled. JIo was physically
much enfeelileil by what he hail one
through, aiol, laying aside tins cures
and responsibilities of office, ha with
drew to Tho Corals to rest.
Gordon t-till had tho army. Never
bad a man been accepted ns tho
adopted sou f a country with so raiiciil
affection as Guidon. He was looked
upon ns tho backbone of our military
force, and with Cordon at the head, j
wonhl be w ith, lit him. ,
Tho ex-.pitea, as Mrs. P.mimi" - !
her familv ,,i:u- ftiil lived iu liono- J
lulu mi V.itii-i..i,.i S.im l-p- .nt l.,.r I
follow ers, otitsid.' the ignorant nxtives,
were few, and t!io I!..yaHstn ha-', puii!;
to tho level of political intvurueis,
without a cause a-. l without hope.
The wisdom of th- !;ovo:-niaciit v:?.
shown best when it lnolie.i to the w.s
ilom of other successful republic f.r
eja:nple in briniu uhoiit a ni"-t kmc
ce.siful form of legislative ii.!!u--,n'e;
nd from t!io best bricl.s in t'le fa''i i,-s
f other republics tliey jave to Hawaii
a substantial, in le-ti iieiible rule of
tho people for their own ood and un
der their ow n control.
Tho election laws vero simple, but
they were nafe. There wa-i no ballet
box stufTiiii,', no pnrclmsiiej of vote.
Tliero w as no rioting at t!io jioils, for
the rule uf tho majority was for the
right, and ly the rule of tho majority
the guardians of the peace were chosen.
The electrij franchise, under a coi-ti-tution
framed by twelve of tho ablest
men of Hawaii and adopted by tin1,
people, was ea!ouly iruav.'ed. Citi
zenship w as eotiferred upou those wh-i
wero boru i:i the country, or win-,
iifti-r Imviiif; resided thm-a n certain
number of years and had Riven evi
ieiiee of their int--nti .ci. elaink" ci'iz. :;
hip papers, ll.it t.i li i:-i" :k voin
citt.eu of Ihrvoi ,. ,t!i of a'hv'i.ii.e.'
wa- :it-c.""sary to the f-i.-i-rin-born, 1 v
which tiny wore held always to (-up.
port the con ti'u'i. hi and uphold t.'ei
Koveriiment n.:a:uit all otlnrs, i-.'v',
further, the niitura'.i.-.ed voter ia-i: :
forswear all u'l:','ia:ice to any ollur
lnv.er. Nor was tliis all.
To vote we!!, a oiti.v:i uiu -t vote in
telligently. Therefore, hu aoility t..
ren 1 and write must be proveti befor.i
n examiniu lioar I beforo tho woe. hi
be citieu olit iined the papers that
entitled him to excreisn his voice in
tho luiinaeiiient of nll'airs or the elec
tion of legislative oilicers.
It has been noticed tlmt during a
long neasuii of drought or t'uo otii".
extreino, overwh -!' :insr sloi uis, r.li
nature atuuts. It does not proyre -s.
Xolliiuf; thrives. Kverytl-iii hcoms
to to tho dotfs, Tho Illi cit ri -nuived,
the cooling sh. overs irt tl:o i.-.:.!
instance, the warm hrcatli of the sun
dried air in the other, brin.; ahout a
change. Natir e y nis forw.ir.1 in Icij-s
and plunges, it makos up for 1. :
tiwie. The ba!:ij."e must restore.!,
the gap must bu rlliei; a'ld after a
time, all lra.-ss of thu iurmcr sta.ua
tio.u hre Roue.
So it was with us ii TT.iw.tii.
Once safely Ui'..!...-tl; i jkw cieoti
tu'ioii, Dole inri'iT.irat...!, 'lia piv. rn
luent and Icis'.A-.iva o.tlc. s illlcl,
Im i'ii -s went on ii:li r. rmdi. livery
tliim; bonine I. Motley til it, bal ! 1
held with i:-JVt i;itli i it fat. ;.
out of fie ciiiMtry .- put into r:
t:ia! veniurcs thai einp!1 V'-d ci 1
bro"..-!it trade and o.ii.i:i;:rc: to our
A:-, o it of t!in dark-less uf ". i,i- 'it
pr-justhe iliiun n:i 1 u'U-r the il.n.n
tiie brilliant llr'ii' of day, s.., ....it o;
the ilarittieits into which ll.iwuii Iri I
bfeti plunged by corrui'ti on, int. 1 ; in
an I treachery, sh0 csi.i.. jifoiidly into
the linht of freedom and the dawu of
an era of propm-iiy.
Where, uiHler tho old re ;iu.e. tiie:-,
had been one snip in oar harbor t.n.ie
Wero now ton.
There wc.o iron, tiu, Ica.T, cilv.-r
and vt'dd in the uiouuiainx, and npo.u
t'-e iintioriatiou o tii i i .j . i 1 -: . , s ,.;
these there was n prouuers taritl. The
tarnation and tidmoralizatiou of busi
ness iu the United States wheu h?r
tarid' was in danger 1. ud been our olu
jectdesson, and wo builded wisely
upon t'.ie plans laid down by th i
A peculiar fact b.-frati to imi :(; it
self upon mo. Jt was a s.-.-aiito t ;.iii',.
ail I n.'.rliii'.il it t. S'lic.e V-it-t'.s
m--!'Hie!i . dy iii.t 'i:i:i.-"s ili'.uu.i ;.v
an. v. Hew.i- aim i.t tco teu..er t.
Wind t:;-'. Wlie'i ho : . l,j t i
t.ir- ureal 1 to bo i-.i i- s . ik-r.-'i :, .
n.-ljiici J a-xi-.-'.j ui.-. n...-.-tiiio . -
jtze cit rrs ?z xx s5t xss, jk x-ra .
en anxiety t'tat re wished to" conceal,
lie i're.j t. titly ; at wit a mo on tin
j'Uc'i, ! us wo smoked r.tid chattoil,
I often t-iii.i ;i:t f sa-v liii i studyiui
in.- furtively. Yet tho reason fol
u -!i u ii 'U.-'f win absent, and I dis-l;.is:u-d
th. th-.ui, ut as often as it oo
lint it c.rue Mr!; tj me w illi ro-
floV.ll! 1 force.
1. 11' , lie ro .itun d
faucio i once, or
Mo: iii'igs, when wi
me carefully, a-id 1
tn ieo tlmt his voie
Iiilt. re I when he spoka to me.
At this time I was not feeling in n:j
hsiini irood health, but was not in an
condition to render me lieal aid neoe
Jssnry, or to excifo anxiety.
A s-ine of r.umlnit'ss would nl limes
?omo ov-r 1.10, and at others 1 felt a
tlijrh! tin:!iaj5 f emmtio-i of pain, lint
I attributed my loss of health to my
l-oiis!a:it worry a:.d the amioty I was
One il.'.y I sat on the porch, idly
(oirkini; towards the mountains. I
rlul not feel at a!l well that day, ni'd
h lieii Uncle T.mi had p ne for a drive
I did not accompany him. I had
taken abook'iutothe porch with me, but
had thrown it uide, huviuj.;no inclina
tion to real. I had been Mttini? in
tho shade, but tho sun was gettiim' to
'.he westward, and its rays soon fi ll on
no. Ju th bright light my hands
looked blue and thin. I smiled to
tr.yself us I looked at them. What
0 "- r,mn. tho
U.wln, wero Borne littld blne-w.mo
Heavens! Ihe whole mn-iy of tha
' ' "! mu 111 u" !1!itRat. Uke
s tremulons voice, mn
tv, his tiiidernc's. wero
fli-ar e;ioii.-!i now. How the blood i:i
j ' i. cliille ll How my heart throbbed,
, pimped, then t-eemed litillcd with
I was a leper!
I staiered into the hnnro nn 1
Hi row myself down on a eou.-ti
l. it li a :roan. My mind w as tortured
1 with picii-.res of misery and who that
' tv.-re enout;1! to set my brain on tire.
The reception hospital, tho hal 'ful
I vard, iu which I would he stared at
' ike a bull to bo butehi -red or a tiling
I .o tie despiscl and feared,
j Tlieu tlio leper-ship with its rarfjo
! tif misery, tnkin. n.e to Molokai, where,
1 in the leper sett ltim iit, I mus; liv
i out my days i.i pitiless misery, like
i the poor devils I had neeli there,
r. lilting, willi torturiu:: pains, for 4
pure and horrible death.
j There was no hope. The fato o1
i one leperwas the fat" of all. The la.v
; was iiiev.rable. 'liie hi:;h standing
; of n.y uncle or my-ell could n it pro
: vt.--.it tlu cariyiiiif out of tiio law.
j And now i.iy tori.irod i.iin 1 ran vii-t-1
j-.isly into tue future, find I saw my
self horribly n;siciii-ed, member a-'t.-i
i:i. nber de.-ayiii;: under liio foul dis.
vase and itropp.-..; otf; my sci.sti
1 eaviin; me; tio tu.- te or de-ire for food
; ratting thirst -, no scaso of smell
b at'iess f.illow i'ie im lo.ss of my tarn
1 -jli mine's; death.'
j 1 lay with these horrors before nu
i when l iielo Tom came home.
I "lont come near 111!" I cried,
1 spvinin up nud waruiin; him od' bj
1 t uestiire. "1 have tli-eovered t!i
' .nimble secret you have so tendurh
1 sought to s'niel 1 mn from. 1 know i:.i
i ."ate. I 11111 11 leper! There is u s
I naki-.lK feeble attimipU to comlia
j fate. I must go away from you ail.
1 iiiiist leave you and "
"Uou't To.11, niy hoy, dear Tom!''
cried my uncle, sinking into a chaii
n I dropping his hen 1 into his hau ls.
He sat thure nobbing for sumo 1.1.1.
ni 'ntn. Now and theu a jrr.iaii woubi
10. oe from him. Ho doomed tu bj
fctnm'liuu: with himself.
Suddenly Im raised his head.
"Hid anybody know- of your dii.
l overv?" he asked iu a wuisnt-r. t-i
"No," I replied weiuily. "I havj
te'-'ii no one. "
"lo!o knows. fh, why did I tc'
Ji.del" he cri-1, now rising from h'.i
i-hu'.r n:id pa.-im; to and fro.
1 coi'.hi not nee uiiy reason why Polii
1. oV. 1 ii it know. The wholo islan.,'
vo.ii 1 k:..'W in a day or two.
"!!:: l 'lo u.'iy "imt think," m.i-1
t't'.-lc T.ii.i. "Ah, ! have it! Tiu.-t
i li .! ! II. i- i..y fn.-n 1. J!i;t he hi
. upright, lie would enf-u-ce tho iuw
..' tl.c I. p.r v; (Vi t.is own don!"
"Kiife'--.j the hl.vl" 1 haid.
lonrVe, fhe law mu-t be enforoo ;.'
U h.it els':'.' I c11111.it remain here, a
ii'-i ice to all of you. I mum g-j tu
I'ncle Tom planced furtively around.
"No," bo whispered. "Not M.dokai,
to hasten your death, where you will
ii'.iVer and 1 cannot roach you. Not
thai, Tom, dear. There are tho iiioiin
tains, Tom. It has been done before.
I had a friend once who had it, and
they hid him in the mountains and
i ji'i'i'i for him all through."
"t'util he died''
' ii.it ho died, just the same, and
they -.'.-kcii their own lues,"
'Ti.ci't talk I i k -j tlmt, Tom, my
'my," h.m 1 my .ricie, "l can't see yon
; o" to Mo'.okai. I can't do It. .And
.'1, :;:iyh i . vo l aro so veii and
:ron !!,ev humble to in.ve you n l
hcli. where I c:.:.'t see y.c-. No. Iiol''
' It is a In:. :- ie '. ho i.-iit, L'uclj
l.-io.'' i fr.li 1, !' 1 in 11 v. "li tu Voll,
MUCH II. l ie SO to Me. tJut VMlat j.'.io.l
i.i-1 :t do to li-.i.i .,1 tho mountains
i v. ..:.', t :.i.r-'y be ih-icovi-reil, and y..u
voaii I crh.ips bo 1 uaiahuJ fvi- Jin,
ahpTin;; the Lit. And I am not well 1
or (dron;.?. I ,!ii pettino weaker all
tho time. At Molokai would havo
rare, as well as. in the mountains
more, for you could not be with mo
jdways. And there's another thin.
Now I am the same in looks us ever.
Von know what I will be afn-r n time.
I prefer to take leave of yon, (cordon
mil my other friends now, and hnvo
them remember me us I am."
"Don't, Tom, boy, don't," said my
lincht, breaking down and Robbing.
"If you ro to Molokai I will go with
yon and remain."
"Not one htcp! You will not run
in any danger. Thorn is Winnie to
think of. She may bo found. Gordon
will pursue the search. It seems hope
less, I know, but it may bo all riht
We se.t Bobbins, wo two men.
You who think you have known sor
row and think your manhood is proof
against the weakness of tears, place
yourself in thu podtiou of a leper
iib-mt to separate from all he lmldi
dear, p'ill with his faculties and mcr-
pies, and to isolate himnelf aiimni; the
horrors and miseries of that settlement
of which I havo spoken beforo. With
iny uncle's double uhef.myowu hearts
aelie fiver Yv'iimie.aud now the thought
nf my own sulferins, I wan iu the
dept'us of woe.
Gordon had to ho told.
I sent for him one day, and he cam
rlatteriiiK up tho volley, full of vijjol
nd euercry. Ho strodo across thu
iorch to where I Fat half reclining -waiting
for him. I'ucle Tom could
Dot staud tho interview, and went iu
"Hello, Tom," hailed Gordon.
''What, off your food? 111?" Ho put
nt ids hand.
"Keep away," I (aid. "Sit down
liver there. lon't touch me."
"Why, what is the matter? Yon
jok lit to drop."
"I am. Gordon, I'm a leper."
'No! N"o!" lie sat and stared at
file. "You are mistaken, surely," hu
laid iu a moment.
"No mistake about it. I have the
litorks and the symptoms."
"Hut for the love of heaven. Tom,
Low could you iret it?"
"I tot it from that fellow who bit
tue tho day wo had the lifflit up thu
"True!" said Gerdoa. "I had for
gotten hat. "
"! am K"i"tt to Molokai."
"No! I say jnl' ' he replied vehem
ently. "You'elmil not! We w ill hide
you! Your uncle and I will keep your
"No. Tt i-aniiot be. You would
limply run u s'leat risk yoiuh-lves, and
R ould do 1110 no got id. We havo
talked all that over. To-morrow the
ieper shiu leaves Honolulu for Molo
tai, and I am Koin'.
"Why not stay witb Warren
"Why prolong tho tiony of part
hit,'?" "Why, it is horrible!" said Gordon,
;;ettiuf up and pr.cir back and forth.
His sword chinked at his heel.'. He
j.iriv 1 the porch at every step, o heav
ily did ho send his heels into the
"V-", it is horrible enon-.th," i said.
"IVfore l ... i want you tj proiuiso
me t vo tl.iu'is."
"I'll j.r.i. iise n hnndred- a thou
sand -a million!" he sai l. "Go on'."
"1 mil.! y.ui to ii'.we.ysbe a friend
to l'n!o Tom. 'iins atllciioii will
eveutu-illy kill him. Tako cure of
l.im. He is ir.-itiui; ol 1. -ind now that
he is to he I. ft alone, will uec I you.''
"Don't fear; I'll see him every duy
every hour if you like."
"And Winnie keep up the search.
Ah! If my pour sister we.e only safe,
1 would die more 1 a -ily."
"I ll do that, Tom, too. Net a day
.hall pii-s but 1 fdiail do all 1 can to
"And if she is found, Gordon there
is something else 1 can't unite say il
us I'd like to, but you will understand,
me. She vill be entirely alone whsa
I'ncle Tom dies. Friendless, almost.
nud uot a relative. Take care of her,
j Gordon. I'd like to huvo her marry
I y"u "
Mo noo, 1 still iieii ro me.
"Tom. old fellow, you have taken
tho words out et my mouth. 1 waiiti .1
to say thei:i--to n-1; you to coiisiiiit to
that. I have loved Wiv.i'io ever sineo
tiiedajwomet on b.-ard thu Mouowai.
I uiJITot kiow it until sh3 disappr ared,
n.i 1 then it was too lata to speak,
ii it Tom, dear, old fellow, if she n
u'ivo in this world. I'll liud her yet.
And if s'.ie will hi: vo me. she w'li umkii
tiie happy -as happy as I ea i be with
.e.t y.iii, Tom."
G u,! :.'s v.hvO i;ow !rcr-..!'!ed as he
It mis to b-j teir List .lis;'.:'. t., -t!ur.
o uto a 1uour.1f.1l iiipj.r, i.ed sat
!..n.; "ii too por-h, ee I, :i, 1'uele
'1'. e uiid I, iiiii'ikil-e;. We e. e..nir. e e. 1
v. ;!; i ar t:i.u::.ts, loit s-iid few woi-.'.s.
Il.i -li cf us wiu ten full oi lutunie-j
u:t i H:idne.-s io way Much.
Ill tiio nmruiije; they ae:,omjifitii--d
in-i tu fioeio:- Warren's otlice in tiie
'.'.eception U"s).i1.;!. The old man
knew at a "lance what tho tr.,ti'. It
w.is. He l a 1 dealt too Ion wi 'i tin
dread ilu-cis to make any mistake.
"Poor boy!'' he taid, otierin -; me u
'Doctor, T am n candid-ito for
.dolaki'.i." I said, with a feel
; 1 be euli.i, a-.-..l even ctieert'i!.
.l-ies tie' s.iqi -.:il'.'"
"Iu to hums," I
why not remain Iiei
h.itil she sails a-'ain
No. W'.v )!,!,.
foi a tor
the iht'l 5? I .ifi do i.-d. Let 1 i.i
Co at unci! 10 i..y ia-t larthly re.-i
"t'i, Tom, I can't' I can't!" iri. j
V'nclo I': .0. o ir-n i-ito teaiii.
('io be cut iiuu .. 1
Althonvh tho tlap .f skin whb-l.
cnei s 1111 t ..pl: ant's ear is oi consider
nbi sue, the ear itself i veiy siuat
iu pioi' Ji tiuu.
I PARI AND GARDEN. 1
Coal Ai.lo- its u J-erltll..r.
foal uslies do i-it possess, any value
ns a I'ertilh'.er. They i'iiii be us. il kiic
cessfully around i-uniii.t and fronso
bi'iry bushes, howevi-r, ami on liht
soils, us they me obnoxious to wun.'
Insects. They also serve to make 11-ht
soils he.ivli r, perl'ormhiK the same ser
vice us clay. It Is claimed that ash s
mid ieri"iit are excellent for walk
ways and that ashes are excellent for
lilllliK Iu the low places of loads.
hull For IlitjiliTIy llrnwlnr; I'rfij.s.
The li'.ori- taphl the urow lli of n erivp
the better should be the noil. It is
true that sum., crops will t:-nw and
matnr" without manure or IVrtliiier.
but (heir lowtii vi!l be quicker If
t In--.- are ii-.-i.-ied. 'I'lie 'ii.-u:ty nf
mini' plants In Improved by t j 1 : 1 It
growth Mich ns radi-hes nn.l early
beets. It will also pay to shorten tiie
period of growth ns much ns .ossible
In order to take the crop olT the
Ki-oiunl and follow with itimtln r. thus
utlli.lnv; the land to lis fulh-st capa
city, but to ):rov two crops the land
should be very rich. All early tros
that come up very thick In rows
should have the surplus plants thinned
nut us soon ns possible, and a (lay's de
lay nuiy do considerable hiinii. us any
plant not wanted becomes n wood. As
foon ns beets, carrots, radishes, let
tuce, parsnips nml early turnips nre
hirfre enough to be thinned with the
tinker mid thumb It should lie done,
ns those rciiialnlii"; will got u U-tU-r
tit-art. j M
To Crt Untitnor At.
Tlhe device shown in the cut vctir.
fi-eetitly seen on the south side of a
poultry house, nnd was admirably ful
filling; its mission of a place for a win-
AN ADDITION TO 1'orLTRY nOI'Sl:.
tor Hiring and 11 summer shed. It Is
easily 11 ml cheaply made, there beinv;
no lass 111 the top to .11 expense or
c;et broken. The cover Is turned back
against the house on sunny days,
when the fowls are practically out of
doors. Unlit of matched boards such
nn ndditli.u will last for years. It can
be used in spriii"; as n run for 11 lieu
nml chickens. Aiiicricau Agricultur
ist. Tiio rrutilng of ri-nlt Trent.
The question of proper juiinins In
Hie orchard Is one of Importance, but
one which often tails to receive the
attention It deserves.
No doubt every fnn.i'T nr.d fruit
grower has his own Ideal as to the
form he would desire in his fruit trees.
My pro fen eieo is for 11 tree uitii the
lop started wi !' up. so as to be n inlily
worked under with a t. ai-i, mid t!e-u
by proper pr iiiinc; train. d to u low,
spread. itn top. Much depends, ns t 1
the future of the yniuiyc tree, on the
shin e,!eii Ii hy priiuiin,' in the nur
sery row. This, of course. Is beyond
the ordinary tree planter's control, u-i
less he is m situated tlmt In- can him
self pi to the nursery nnd personally
select Ills KtiVk, and reject those trees
the form of whose headilu; out does
liot pleii.-e I1I111; yet the form may oft
en be modiitod by Judicious pruniiiL',
even when a wrong start has been
made. The,-!., is so much difference in
the natural form of mouth of differ
ent varieties that some sons wili re
quire nn int in ly different method of
treat mi nt irom others.
It has been said that an apple-tree
top iu the form of mi inverted um
brella is the inest nearly perfect form
that can be secured, and such 11 form
is at lca.it not an iindcirable one. Ity
close intention to the youin; trees
from the lime of phititii'.;; out. the
form mn.- be Mild to he laru'ely kept
in control by tin- fruit grower.
As to ihe be.-t lime for pniiiin-.' tie
orchard, authorities diti'i r. but where
the work is properly alleiid, d '. every
year so tlmt 1, :,!;,- -mall limb- are ; 1 bo
removed, ii mak- s liul.. r. nee ai
wii.-r season it is done. h-n large.-
li.ols liie to be ell'. I l-b-M. li-elil
close obsi rtailoii for many :tr, that
late in May or during .li.no, wh -n ;l.
s. ;i-u of v:h Is n. 1 s-, hi ,iv, . i it.o
11. ost fa 01 able 1 i 1110, a- . ut-i I !,. n --on
to hea! in-ov
lily than at ae.v ntii- .-
ins-rime -tit is u- .1.
1 ill s!i ..ild I... 111:1 1...
ati eoii-idera'de .- ..
w ill . ft'. , t t'.;- iv
ami for In.
11 line lo. ih ,,
reiidilv t linn any
nf the various f,-r:.is
of pruning sic .-.r- so hi.-hi.v rcietu
mended. 'II. cse may be good em-ugli
ill their place, and. for the M11.1II. r
limbs, are eertiiiniy all right, but leu.,,
of them will ever entirely supplant tin
saw with th" careful orcha nn -1 . '. .1.
ll.iiwiiell, in The (.iiiuiry i;tmli !;.:i:i
We have all l.-i, -vvu peoi.ie -.-'n.
(i.idd ban. He bus with s. ciningty
little .iiiiig.-r of gcttin-.- s:;if.g a- ::
tle.v wife so Imitiy til.-, w'n'.e itn
tiist app itlaiii-e i f i-;Y tv s--c;n io in
in- .-it a, k. Tiiat they can e ! uo.-ii: -h
a siranter. i.m -.arc I itthtt-.i.
liven a -titniLc ii.ise i at . :'.,, -i,.-tice,.
As e ;,!:,, e of lie- hilt, :-. n.
own t.-aiii stops two or tcr.-i tim .1
day at '.h.- watering ifM.-'! icm fiM.-fi-ooi
Ihe bee hiis. aid where ti..
little i-i-ecis often repair ill waii.i
weather for drink. lAud ju-. ln-r- 's
a 1 n:nt. that 1 s re.ptir - watiro No
matter hew warm and sweaty the
huitt are, thi ate ucver tuoUHi-d by
the wlntifil "lertier--: but mu:y than
rce has a .urniigo hur.-ie I'-cii forc-J
by iln ui to u i:.;.!d retreat fr ::i the
Ncr. mis .mid exc'tnlilo pvo;ile will do
well to keep 11 way from bees inlen
they are willing to uius'ter up sutii' U nt
will i-ver to restrain th- lr i-'n He n ,
As 'i rule hi i s do not siiiig . -ept In
helt' defense, cither mil or fancied.
The beekeeper who can quietly let
them -rawI over his hands and cloth
ing, never striking at one even though
It assume nn olTeii.-lve air, Is th o-ie
who (-scapes with the few t seai.
He careful not to pinch them In m,iT1
ing tho frames. A little smo'i,. will
drive thein out nf danger, yet exce
slve siooking should not be itidulr.cd
In. The object Is to gi t them 01:1 of
barn's wny, not to stupefy tli' in, !:.
sueec-inl jiplarist smears hi- haini
with llo'ny before riil'imetielng wiil'l..
Though bees may le.-ht on ih i.i f, r let
gelid purpie-i', they g.-t u taste of
holioy. ii'id f,,r the time being t'.-iui-t
their linger In their Joy at I';,.., in: un
expected sweets. Uf Colir- e I le !-. au
times w hen It In r.ot pno t ica!.e t.
mlolit tills device, sticky lingers I:.,
peillnj; the work to a great extent.
When stung, brush the sting off Its
nleeil of picking It out. I'.y the lati. t
method poison from the tube Si
pressed Into the Wound, thereby In-cre.-usiii
tho pain. A slUv of 011I01
pluot-d upou the wound, renewed m
It becomes liniiregiiated with the pot
smi. Ammonia applied freely to t'u
niTeutod partrt Is also a standard rem
edy, lint do lint use either whe-t
working around tho hives. The Im-c
have a natural antipathy for Loth
nnd fall with ten-fold fury upon oin
who hits traces of either upon his per
son. It Is safer to open the hives
ilurlnR the middle of the day, win 1.
the bees arc hard at. work than in tho
morning or evening, or worse still,
some rainy day. They are then mors
vigilant nnd more Inclined to to cross.
15ost.lo I rtitiiam. In The Ilpitoinh-t.
IlanJy llvli I'ur Ilcliornlng TaMlp.
Fnruiers wlio wish to iP-horn the
entile 1 xpirletico diiliciilty in contto
lln-r them during the ('iteration. 'J'l
lilustrailon represents a rack for th
purpose. The inatti part is made
fo'.ir-lnch square timber. Two pleo.
each six feet long, are laid lit the bn.
11 ml are connected by four cross) ic e
cigut icet long. 1 wo or tie s,. ri
pieces are placed each one foot fro::i
the did of the siX-foot pieces; the
other two are phi 1 ' 1 ihe middle !
t wieii the first two, uboiit one foot
apart. Above the lii.se thus formed is
ionlt a lrrinie six feet bii.li. l'onr-inch
timber is used at most places, and th e
frame should bo Well brae.-.! le igtu
v as shown.
Near tie- top, at n, two tw i-lia ii
boards are fii.-teti, ,1, o:.- on .-a,-;, m,;..
nf t. a-uprights. 1 ine of , . -so is shown
eb-arly, the oilier lucre!;.- suuo-stcd.
Hctweell these, abolir ihre-e tticll. S
lo one side of the l.ii.'.lh-, ;s ! cited
number piece which ext. mis down t,j
the base. Opposite Ihe till. Idle frolll
this Is a staiichlop. It is mortised
loosely at the bollolil. and slmuid Work
r.oi.t.rn ror. loamno rack.
.aslly l-l ,ve"-l the two ooards at tin
top. and should be so placed that w hen
upright II will allow a six im Ii spa-e.
A few holes are bond tkrougii lie
boards a- the top, to til the aliiuml's
On .-.ch side of th" rack, about f.eir
fe,-t liigh is a cr.;-i-tie. To ,1 ,-e, and
10 tiie cfo-s phvis i'l ihe middle I
low. i.idl'-d lioarils. ri-.i.iu-; a km 1
of f. lice. lie! w ell the f.v. :-, t . oi
lio.-l--d.l-: I he Lot '.,;,! -I Hip.-,, j.c.l 1. I
.s h;.d a It. 'I'ii.s 1-.-:- b. ic:..l.
:!..- Ir.ltoe, ai. l ;. Ii- ,!,-,. 1.11: I card
bolt d lo ti flat.. -. i o il c.-o!.i !
lie slum 11 t'i ih,. i;r.i..-;t-g. N.-.ir t' o
i tl'im 1 1 ll.e s- :: !!(.:, i: .ne! .a ; . I,
is t't. -t in ! mi . jei t 1 w ii' li 1. :
i. et r-'po is 1: '!. A'-, lit a to ; if.,: 1
tli" eycl-olt a : :. 1. drlv.-i. ii-el t.e'
l"i i- c mpletc. Th.- . I:.!, .."1 i- I d
Uto tie rack 1 iciii 1 I tie;
sii.nc'i ,,a . 1,1s, , 1 y pul 1 1 :.'
lliroug.'i one of the I c -. n :!:.- 1 -,
hchiud II 'II..- roi.e I: Ilea pm o', ;
its neck, or on,-., around ti. ami af:.-r
ilrawing down tight id v.::.e.ed
111011111I 1 le 11.,,,:,.
An 'nVrpr:sir.g farim r i.n.y pay tti
cost of making his rack ly ilol-.ig w,.n;
tor his iielghl o-s. Tr. customary
c!iarge i tit'i. en c.-nt.. per in ad it; . n--'.l-'-at'lc
number.-, aid more f.,;- a
smain-r ii-ie.oer. If any ..i..- w.sln - to
I'-i'hc.v ib.s plan il v.' .,- d be well t 1
!,:,e a SV.ii e 1... -oh- of tw.- it., ii lui.i
, ': 11 -.' lie- w .ig.-.i 1:1 v '.re!: -,0 haul
1 in no k. in- one side i f in tint
I ts fasicln ,; a toiler t m, ie, ; l eio. : i
! -iiowii ill th,- nre, so thai ti l ;
j-'..l!l be lelel V. l il -.he lop of t.e
I i'l in: -. Ti lead the turn il up 0:1
1 r.d - e.r, driio .he .:l .0.1 1: :1 r il. wl'C'l
i ii l...iy I ' rolled l:p 1 n lie- i ,!!, r. -A.
: I-::':! i.u iiuii, ;a ti.ei.g.- .III,!
' Imiimuite w. -id. that is ih.- vrood i-f
,11 tree wheh has no! attailed its i'l. I!
growth, is mi id not to be so ilur.i'uie ut
j the wood of a fully grown live.
1 ft " 1 '
IIOMKMAtH! lirilOUNiNO HACK.
t timliiiif-d l.ll,ort.
TlIK .-ireiiiioiis efforts of ilriv
ers and v.iicelnien in In hull' of
Improved highways have been
doubled and redoubled since
the uiipeariince of the aillol'iobili.. The
organized bc-dies Which represent the
three divisions of our cilk'.eus promi
nent III the use of the roads, namely,
the drivers, the wiieelmeii and the
chauffeurs, seem deleriiiiieil to work
together vigorously and lireeai-iimly
for the nceol'cplisi.mt lit of their pur
n I'erhaiis no l.o't'-r Illustration has
been seen of the fraternal li-.-lm-
i-tleg among lb oi-'tiiiira: ions lliaa
was all'oi'ded :,t a rocon: ir.e.-i Ing i'l
this city. Tin- cm iiI was .enounced
as u "good i-oioK r. i'iiioii" and was
conceived by the IYe-...otll of the
ltoad lnivers' As-oeiaiion. Amou,;
those present were coii.-plciioiis ad.o
rates of the g,,e, roads movement
from various parts of tiie country
who, as cyoti-ts. automobllists or driv
ers of horses, discoursed Intelligently
upon the need of better roads In the
llnlcd States. lietier.ll Miles, who
spoke, cmphn-Ut d the advantages of
tirst class highway; In case of military
coiitllet. II,. said:
"The subject of good roads is one
tlmt military men. of course, nre Inter
ested In, for It Is one of tiie vital
questions that the General has to
study as to hmv he can lust iniiiioeu
yre his brigades, corps and armies.
I'lVijuently during the Civil War the
line of march was marked by dead
Xililmuls and wrecki d wagon';, owing
jo the wretched condition of the roads
lver which the armies had to pass.
On one or two occasions the move
ments of the armies were very much
embarrassed, and one campaign hail
to bo abandoned for It was found
-Impossible to manoeuvre an urmv. tin
Hie plains we w.-re compelled to make
1 the roads wv passed over the cuiin
j if course. In times of war. ns well
! r.s In limes of peace, smooth and hard
j roads have nlwajs be, 11 eminently de
Mlrable; but il must be obvious to
every one that the advi n: nf horseless
vehicles, whose utility for military
purposes has been Indorsed by dis
tinguished (hnerals on boili sides of
the Atlantic, has rendered their con
struction a matter of even vital im
portance. In ihe S-tonii, African wa
where perhaps automobiles have been
put 10 a mole practical military test
than anywhere else, it has been found
Hint their use not only facilitato.
transportation, but thai the machines
can carry heavier burdens and neces-sitao-s
tiie attendance of fewer nun
than would h- required in the case of
wagons drawn by mules or horses. It
Lis been estimated that, considering
the greater speed of the motor Vehicle,
tliirty foiir of tin 1:1, each of twenty-
si powvr. can transport in a
0. 0 as many pounds of pro
ami artillery 11s l.'toii horses.
Ihe U of '.lie bitter Would
the leni'-ut .I forage, which
. t re, a:i.l re: . .ml as 00-
ib .. .in.;--. In 1 :mi
.... or ;t t.i , hi
1. , 1.
Sl: e, i that i WeUty folll
can i.upply an army ,
lc-:i. w ith "on rounds
per man, oer a ilisin
miles, ju tweiiiy-four 1
tram port heavy guns t,
Manifestly, the us,-n
fulness of Hum-
nial ih s. .. : of bi.-jdes. deieiids large
ly upon ti, ro million of ii.e roads over
wh,. i. they ate to be run. When the
road is r..:!lt. the pos-ihillties of the
machine are vastly im rciscd. No
ci.e should undercsi:ii..-i:o th" highly
c.-d. table results already achieved by
t.e good roads wi.rk.-rs tu n any parts
of the country, and m.t.iMy iu New
York Slate. Hi,, cause in which they
:iie enlisted is one wl n h deserves uni
viisal Hiipport.--N'ev,- Vo 1. sm
Ilcll.-.r 1;,.... 1..
On" of the in.-: S.--I,- ,; .i-og:-(es In
the South Is tin- ,:i.-ra-i:.g .n:.-:-c.,t in
toad budding nlld rc;ol i:..pi,,M-.,,eiii.
It is till': that e l.:. .or. :, more
te'.ii tii.lU pet tort.l.lt, Co oil llil - s-lbjeet,
I I'm there are -i;.-ii:. of priotical p,,.,
jl.-s ii; m :; t So-foerii Slat In
j l.oui-hniii i.i. s. cms to (.( n g,,,,,;
! pr-.,.. of i..inh li- -:-, in-- i ea l u , i U
! ihe tri c-qi'.t t.icl.'i- ::i 'i.c ::..
I 1:1 :.. ii..- II. , m, ,, i:,.,:,.:,,i.
! i.t liio )'i tie e -ii:..i;. .
! ' t: 1 'i ! :.ev. i- i- ! i.t.y ;,- : i
I le.y v. i : :. It itel ;..,c ::..,.:, end
I.e .- .! ,- a Mails tr.it;..-.i v. .... i. .1
p.ts-c It oh s tu i.ig :.e 'n a.-.i.or-
:.' 'le I 1 ;.a I pas- l.ger .-.tv .. v. it
mis , , toanv (ii.ois.in.is ii:e
bis. this,. ,e' , g.-.-.l.ti. .!. lint: sec
tion. The ra.lt "a. Is piifeh.i .1 d large trues
of land Iviug along it- bin s, wh.ch
cut up ,ato faiins aiei s, id ,1, very
easy n ra.s lo sturdy an 1 i uli -11 . g.-in
faro. . Is li. i.i lie .Vol . hvv, !. Tie-.-e
Hew (.Ti, :,s nf i;,,. '.llii are So 11, ,
pleased ;! .il lev !.a.- gio-i.-ed i.i.my
oli.cl'.s lo ,. :. li,. :,:. '1 in y i.aVi lui'l I
Miic'i lo i;. ,d.e- i r ie -. i lands ,:i
M,s,.ss., p. :.;.. i., . :.
The lil n '..- Ceii :::! ..- in. w d'-.lig an
( ther go. ,1 , '. t r im- Soiics it has
aire.oly I" -. .', - . .-. :.:.-.
It is build nr. :,l its om ii exp...,s.
t imple in-,; e - . !' ."! I'.-., is al'li
ils i:i;es ami .s u -iiii ', .: . n.'ieii i:..c
Ileal lio-ii'.i ;;, , a .ie- sunjee; : i;.., ,!
loads. In lei'iii. n lo tim- it gins low
freight riiics i :i read m..i' riais and
in oilier ways i neourages tiie good
If ad Ue lailread In the South
:g66d 62c!s flo
would do ns much in this cm so as thn
I Illinois Central is doim:. the result
would be of immense Ii. iii th to this
; section, us- well as the riiilruii.is iheiy,-
.M.-lkcs. Allan 1 a .lour 11:1 1.
An 1iIio-iiiloii.'it I nlliien?.
V'o need :v.mm roads, not only fof
bauhige and commerce, but as all in
tellectual and educative inllmnce tu
rive i-s an enlarged intellect mil power
for comprehending the world that id
THE WHITE PINE DISAPPEARiNC.
Itt'Hult of Itutlil.vs llrtru lion ul
"The while jiinr tree is disappear
ing," said a sin !eut of the conifer fam
ily to a v a-liingtoti Star reporter
lie groiiiiihs of the i, pariim nt
Agr.e.il'tire. "thoiuh now thai utt
rio-i has lu- :i called to ihe ru-h!".s.s d
.'-ritel.o'l oi tie I l'i
Ihe v., riot;
scheme- of ! fo
on and comerva.
HI given enllsid-
live lumbering are bci
ration. 1 1 has been
call i ' i d that
Ihe original stand
t while pirn- i-i
Camohi nml th" I mted Slates repn
seliled Something Itke r.lio.llll i.'HIO.llil')
feet of luerel'.intable lumber, b-uinl
tnojiMire. In lsy.i it was cotuputed
that th" stand had been reduced to
1 lll.lHlll.llOO.IIHd feet. -,l.llllll.(IO'l.(l.lll foot
tielng in tiie I'ldted Stales in the re
gion of the "relit lakes. lil.Oll'l.lltKI.IKIil
In Canada and li iiim.oiiii.imm scattering.
"The white pine is distinctively a
Northern tree. The native distribution
of th" tree was from Newfoundland on
the east to Lake Winnipeg nn the west
nud thence to the southern boundary
nf Wisconsin. Michigan. Pennsylvania,
New Jersey and Connecticut. Tiio
white pine belt also followed the A
palachlan range as far to the south as
ib'orgla. The best growth of the treo
was in Maine and the I'.rlilsh terri
tory cast of that Slate, along the St.
I .awn nee Ulver. in New Hump-hire,
Vermont, Nor: hern New- York. .Michi
gan. Wisconsin, Minnesota and Cen
tral reniisylv.inla. The forests of
wi.lie pili" have been annihilated in
New Kiiglanil. though some culling
continues In Malm-. Some white piuo
still grows iu almost inaccessible parts
of New York and Pennsylvania
'According to Professor Spalding
the white pine ti seldom attains :i
height greater than Pin Icet or a dia
meter of more than forty inches. A
tree of this variety once measured by
the division of forestry of the liepart
mi nt of Agriculture was 17o feet tall
and forty-eight inches thick. That
free was -Pin years old. It was a little
sapling fifty years before Columbus
sailed from I'alos.
"It Is not an easy tree to propagate,
so many of the seeds being unfertile.
It does not. as a rule, produce llowers
and cones uuiil It Is lifteen or twenty
years oh). During the tirst decade of
Ps life it will grow about one foot
every twelve mon'in. and then it
grows n little faster lill maturity. A
tree twenty years old ought to be
about twenty-live fees high, and at
thlny or forty yi ars of age it ought lil
measure ubmit sixty feet."
W0F1DS CF WISDOM.
The Meal d. -crmila Cue real.
I .nve Is 111.' etiql-ci!,. of eiiTUily.
Idwrslty d' . s i.o; make divergence,
livery knave is at. i.iic o.is.-ior.s fool.
A little btdt.i timy icld much I.;.-...,,
Faith is tic- fcr.'e that makes mo
tives. Yoa may civ-'ajs dispell the su.spi
Tin- softer the s-new as It falls iha
deeper it v. lil s.nk.
The r.Hits are r- !f. sle ,1 by the rain
released by the Lav,-.
There can !c a d r fill face only
where ihen is a I'.iltnful heart.
lie wiio stoops to meanness funis it
hard to get ll.e ;- k out of his back.
You can tell u man's pre c w hen y.e.i
know wha: ho will do for a principle.
When v..r:l:ly g.,.s become mtr
highest good they I'. couie our greatest
Many who are w,l!i:tr that their
work j-h aid Le d me by pro.y will 1,
( .-.iii't-i.-'-d to receive their reward 'hut
lie Wiio ci.nuoi forgot tiie kiiid:u -4
i lie l.:.s d. !!' is ii';;.' b-.i.-r I ball ho
w!n rem, ;.ii'i r the ::.ji'i'i ' iivi has re-iiivcih-
lie ,..'.s il,.; f.
1e.tl.il- lli. T. iiuu -..
"A j.-.-..- or : o . ro.- s;.., a ;.-c.!it?
man to a file ..I. "1 lit a . .--.v u,...-i
.to ' rlptioti. 'I '!"!' a i - o.ti iti Me si., I,
ell.l !- ..fii le ' to ..... ' v.. II.- tloli-elM
, ,-t.' As 1 h.: ... : a ! o "J
I. a.cy I tn .c.-.n ai. i!i' -l.. -lit of it
cha-e o." .1 p.iir .1 -.roll-CIS W'oll'. I bo
.-'..a-! c.i ' il io t" : 1 -" 1
drop:., ! i!jc . , ,'.: o - o ci ,u in and a c.ii-,1
app-at. .1. V. i, ai oo i" l -'!!! ;t
reeomnii nib -1 -to way t., make my
I iion'i wi . I
'Wh.-'.l did il s.i;. "'
"Make Vi-ur ecu a'. i v.
I "-: .
! I'orinn in lnlli.-s.
! The t o'oce of l.. v.'.i! '.s penei. it sr.h.
urh of Paris. r,. od soiie lii'lo
. time iiifi . i" ihe Mind -a ! o.ili "f an old
v. i:::iii fatied Ma' .'. iit " I'.laail,
wiio had long i.e r car i d a- a paup-e-.
Site laid i .-. :i II 1 -. -ipl "i out
door relief for a ;.:il ' of y-aiv. a. I'l
!:: d been re.. i!a: ly tie, .1 :; - w. Ii ' v
V. I.O meHo'cd .!" ' .1- c.;-,l.,.s id b.
oli inli found -..:.:; .', o n ; enh !;.! -i
. ci iieeidcl ai oi,. !. -r el..:ii..ig. and
tuilb. r inv.-.-tii...;:..'!- rev. iilcd ihe -is.mtce
st,,w e ,1 ,-iwriy ia ihe woman
mattress oi' a stnail f' i'iii'ie. consist-
i lug of boml-i to tiie value of over Situ,.
Oam- and a Ciiis.iii tabic sum iu Koid.