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- -The next step towards ihe downfall of this
rerMiblc.nn.r the false garb nf democracy, we
.lryoi to co'n'Jfeitfre. Ir. the mean time, you
m entreated jo pios6tbeforou ipkejlbw.lttl
fata! blow at the liberties .uf yuor cormiryi-H -.
17 That the President of the United States
'be'authorized to ( call forthy and assemble Such
rn timbers of the active force of the railing itjauch
- placca wiibin their , respectite district,' snd at
eoch time; hot exceeding' twice, oor-Ujdays
in the same year; is he may deem necessary ;
- an t tilting such period, including the time "ben
wofng to and returning from 'jibe 'place, jpfj ren-
d-z'oa9, they shall be deemed in the serv ce of
the. United States, and be subject to socb regu
l4tions a? ih President may think proper to a
1 dopt : fur their infraction, discipline, 'anc im
provement in miliary kbowjedge. . (1
We, the ondersigned; hereby certify that the
8bove"exlracia are true copies from the reports of
of ihe Secretary of .War.' and from me meag
of the President of the United owe, n
, - Apsil IS, 1840.' !
H. GARLAND, of Louisiana,
JOHN BKLU of Tennessee.
"JOHN M BO TTS, of Virginia,
THOS. COR WIN. of Ohio,
M H. GRINNELL,f New Yoik,
J. O. CLARK, of New York, j i
VLK VERETX S A LTONSTA LLjbf Mas.
TRUMAN SMITH, of Connecticut.
m Executive Committee,
t . From' fie Raleigh Slat;
TOTHE PEOPLE OF N. CAROLINA.
eT.CUitens ?; The Kesolutionsji passed
by the the G.eoeral Assembly at its lateiession,
pney if g'Astrocyons to our Senators onjitarioos
quettions whicVare trgitaiing Ibe country, em
, brace principles on istrcorrect onderatanjjmg of
wliich defend the uroVptrit? end freedotnof your
country. I cannot fiaiter myself with the belief
that auy new jigbt can be added to tne j already
bliiM of armament which has been elicited by the
discussion of these snbjects from some of She first
intellects of the nation. But howemdigttinff
it may be, it is netet nnprofiiable to recupo fun
damental principles. Indeed it is enjomf4 by the
Very nature of our institutions ; andje.t none cai
eulaih on eTadin? the respohsibiliiThicb a dis
retrnul i'.f ihSs iniunction places them bndcir. both
to their a rfcps tors and to posterity; Tbj trans
aciiors of the last ten rears should be kept con
siantly before your minds. You should be. daily,
yea; hourly reminded of the astounding doctrines
which have been advanced by those in power ;
, lite tendency they tiave to increase Etecutire
r.infl-ience and patronage to steal from thej Slates
tneif legitimate powers; and to excite mongst
; th DRonle a deeo nreiudice avainsi aU the! means
and avenues to wealth, virtno and intelligence
which wiU gl Ornately root up the very fpundar
tnfi9 or society, anrt introduce, mai spinijoi oit
coll which deluged the fairest portions orance
wilh the blood of her own citizens. I would so
licit your candid attention whilst I endeavored
to place the DriDciplcs of thtse Resolution? io
-their true light. ! )
The first of the series altejes that " the
jmiiia resolution was xx palpable violation 'of
mt plain iciicrof inc vspiisuuuiuh. uim ;u, .
' of party servility calculated to degrade ike char
acter pf the Seriate" U may be proper Jforjtbe
correct understanding of this dispute between the
t wo political parties, to recor to some of te acts
of the past administration. It wi!l be recollect
ed that in 1833 Ueri; Jackson, in his zeals to de
molish at all: hazards, ihe Bank of the United
Slates, required Mr. Duane, then. Secrelar of
Stale to remove therefrom the deposites whjeh,
by act of Congress, had been placed in the Sank ;
: which act gate the Secretary, and htm alone, the
power to remove tbm. : !
Mr. Duane refused to obey the rpqufsit ons of
' the President, who, finding that his Secletary;
1 was composed of too substantial stuff to become
! ' ' his mtre instrument, ; snipped him of his robes of
c mce, and placed them on another, who soon
found that the highest virtue lay in a f ilfiog"
compliance with the ill and wishes of his roas
ter.Mr. Taney," on the 1st of October; 1833,
temoved the Dt-posiies under whose direction,
and for whose gratification, can be easily diftiov
erel from the paper read by tbe Presidantjto his
cm bine t on the 13ih of September previyos This
document. declares expressly " (ftaf this measure
is the rrcndtnt'fj,hal uz assumed the respoisibit
it y and that the first day of Octooer is darned
B.ir iijm as a proper time for its execution.? Un
dei a belief that the President had transcended
his legal and constitutional powers, the Senate,
alter a long , discussion, passed on the 28th of
May, lS34,a lesolution .declaratory of that be
lift. Il ia useless to enter into the arguments
winch were urged in defence of the charges jn
the Resolution. ouice jt to eav, mat it was
the object ot the framers of the commotion to
keen ihe purse and the sword separate and dis
linct They looked with great jealousy on thleir
Union, being well . convinced that it had poved,
in all roni. trie, the greatest and most inveterate
eaemy of Freedom. They knew that to'grant
ut iii Prfsitiem, who was. by the fundamental
law, made the commander in chief of the army,
the control of the revenue even in the roost in
direct, way, would he cifins him tbe power to
attack', and perhaps successfully, the liberties of
the people. Under the principles avowed !jby
the President in his cabinet, paper and undfr the
process then used to abduct the Dppsils frob the
Bank the public Hney "was under the direct con
trol of the Execotife ;and the interposition of
,1 lie Sectary, who could be removed at its pleas
ure on refusal to deliver to him the public urse,
or to dispose of the contents thereof as he might
dirwciis a mere device to gull the people to
keep the appearance the mere shadow of a Re
public, when the substance had been given up in
o ihe bands of tbe master, who had the means;
though he may. have had no inducement to be
come a i tyrant' The law gave the becrtary.
you nor, out mat ne assumed
. the responsibility, and that on his shoulders most
tall the consequences. 1 j .
Here, thenVis the exercise of control over an
OfTiceratlfl independent by the law, and by the
constitution from the nature of the duties hp has
to pefforro a motrol which makes the ofljjcej' a
mere tool, desiiiote of that freedom of action
which i$ necessary to a faithful discharge of his
odicial duiifp. Suppose the Secretary had been
impeached : could behave pleaded the order of
the President in bar thereof ? If the President
have a constitutional or legal control over hirn, he
could have done il ; and it so. why it is
riit: nd If nnccpcepa at the Same lime,
the ordinary powers of legislative , bodies. , 1 he
Senate did noihiog tnor in passing the Resola
lion of the 23ih of May than tbe.LegisIa turfs
t,i this State ahd the Siatei .done from the first
foundation of Ihe Goveinroent. Has the fight
of the Legislatore to express an opinion as to the
canduct of ooe of ibeuflfceHoldersof the Govern
ment ever been! denied! If we desire precedents
fur ibis right, they can e foand io the history of
all legislative bodies irt that of the British Par
liament, of the State Legislatores, and 'of tbe
Senate itself. me ranama Mission affords a
case strikingly; in poihtp Governor Branch in
troduced a Keeolotioa in tbe Senate of the Unr
ted States, denying the Presidaot certain powers
which he had claimed and exercised, and declar
ing "that lest a silent ocauiesence in such doc
trines, on the part of the Senate, should be draten
into precedent, therefore resolved that the Presi
dent possesses ho such povekr er right so claimed
by him.". No! one thought of deny ing to the Sen
ate, a right to pass such a resolution, it was
conceded by a??. In what,tnaterial respect, then.
does this resolution diner rrom that ot tne aotn
of May, 18S4 ? Bf it certain powers are dented
to the President, which he had exercised, there
by implying that he had transcended those which
bad been sranted him. 1 hut ot tbe 'itJih ot May
bid nathinjr more It impeached no motive and
sought not to criminate the intention of tbe Ex
ecutive. . I
But I place the right cf tbe Senate to pass
each a resolution on higher grounds far above,
and independent ot all precedent. It is a right
inherent in. and appertaining to every legislative
body a right or self defence, which is necessary
for its very existence, f ine legislative branch
of every Government iss'iaranteed ceruirHvr-
iiep-es. Uf what avail are these oriwieir? - tn-
out the power to protect them ? Jlt s . rt
nugatory without it ? - 1 ha Constitution Ce ues
that 'all legislaion sbal! be vested in a Congress
of the United States." I Suppose the President
novation"! Take aftoiber ,tII4sUati, Ohd
Senate has the iMepowet to Jry tmpeadimeots.
Should lhel PreVUentforjany ljl officer be im
peached ana aroltted, what is to prevent his be
ing aginpntporibis trial, aed hw character
jeoparuizru li tins imut v s, to.w!!
ed. io tne extent io . wnicu;vie Auiuiuisiiainin
woold carrylii:?; Sfaould-he Jncor tbe displeas
ore of the dominant party in" Congress, what is
lo prevent iliejrl'iratrti black lines across 6t ie
rasinw entirely the verdict of acquittal, and drsg-
'tr'ws the'nriforturiate officer once more tothejbari
of pubtio indignation .i wooia put anoiner case
.Wnen a Din uas pasi oom nooses, u cannoi oe
come a law
to "retorn it
and t!ie Secretary alone, the right to remote th
Dpusiies. Out who did it ? The Secretary
The President told you nof.but that he assume
lous to talk about the power of trapeachmentl and
there is no protection for the public revenu but
the arbitrary will of ibe Executive. I j
Bjjt ihe power of tbe'Senate to pass the Res
olution uf ihe 23th of May, 1834, was denied e
veri admitting he had transcended his constitu
tional bounds in . regard ta the revenue. l'b is
question deserves some examination ; for pn jit
a re based tr-e" reasons for passing the resoltipn
which blurred, blotted, and disfigured the reeords
- of ih Senate., I 1
II I understand the principles of oor Govern,
ment correctly, the Senate, in respect to its iow-
er ia th rpfnl.l f t ma hear and determine
imneachments. and so far it is judicial in its func-
' lions. It is made the adviser of the President
U ine aprniintment of officers, a4 i ao ,fai
denies this, and claims for himself a part of the dedf indeed J niust that people be who would soft
legislative power belonging to Congress,- must
ine oenate anq nouseeii muie ana ueuaoiing,
deprived of the right. eveo to prolesl againsl
such a claim? "Each House shall hive th
rigni to judge of the quaiiCcaiioa of i!9 rjvrTr
Executive attempt to deprive them of this rig?
most they say nothing:? Can tbey not ey
announce to the people that be is attempting.
usurp power? Should the House of Repreee,
tatives become the servile tool of the Executive,
what protection will be .left tbe Senate ? They
would refuse to impeacb, and ihe Senate, accor
ding to the doctrine contended for, would have
to: remain motionless cowardly motionless, and
see itself stripped of its powers one after another,
until it would become the very scoff of the na
tion. But the doctrine jeaids 10 yet more dan
gerous and threatening Consequences. It has
been the desire of the friends of constitutional
liberty, in all ages and countries, to inspire the
representative with vigilance. 1 hey have en
deavored to.frame legislative bodies with pow
ers suited to this end. .What, then, may be the
result of depriving the Senate and Hoo6e of the
privilege to warn the people on the approach of
danger ? The Constitution guarantees to each
State a republican form 'of Goveramen t. Sena
tors are tbe direct delegates of tbe States.
Should the President cinder the influence of a
daring ambition attempt to wrest from'States
this sacred right, , most tbe Senate remain &ilent?
or, woold it not be their duty to call on the peo
ple, " trumpet tongutd' to come to their res
cue ? . .v 11 f
VVhal Was the conduct bf the British Paflia
ment when James the 2nd claimed the exorbi
tant privilege of dispensatibn, by which Catho
lics were absolved from the test oath required by
law to be taken ? They boldly and manful-
Jy resisted this claim on the part of the King,
denounced his nsurpation, and called on the peo
ple lor aid. xei no one ever thought of condemn
ing the Parliament for this act none ever con
tended they transcended their legislative func
tions. It was this pivoi this right oT trte Rep
resentaiive to resist the encroachments of power.
and to warn their constituents of their sng.W
ous tendency on wnicn:tne Kevolatioo or loWf
which placed English Liberty on a solid basis,
turned. Yet woold any hive restrained causes
which produced such a Revolution ?
On the l6th of January, 1837, the Senate
required this resolulionpf the 28tb of May 1834,
disapproving 'the conduct of the President, to be
expunged from the Journals of that body ; and
io compliance therewith j the Secretary did
expunge it, by drawing j black lines around
and across it, and wriiirig on its face "ex
punged by order of thl Senate," This, then,
is the act which the resolutions passed by the
Legislature pronounced! a palpable violation of
the plain letter of the Constitution." In the ex
amination of lib is branch of theaubject, your
candid attention is solicited. By the 3d para
graph of the 5th section (article 1st) of the
Constitution, each House is required tokeep
a journal of its proceedings, and from time to
tune publish the same.? To enable us to an-
uersiana me meaning :ot this requisition, it is
proper to recur to the object of the framers of the
Consiituiion.j In a Representative Government,
it is highly necessary that the constituent should
be apprised of the actsjof jibe representative
that there should be some record to which he
can refer to learn what has been the course
what the cpnduct of hfs public servant. This
serves as a check on the representative, and af
fords matter of evidence against him, should his
conduct be. reprehensible ; andor Aim,shoold
it be praise-worthy and correct. It likewise
serves in many cases, as necessary evidence to
establish thejaite of the legislative body, under
which rights and property are derived to the cit
rzen. - When this journal is published, the
prxnwi copies may, fur .a time, accomplish aoch
purposes but there are cases where they would
an tif it receives the I sanction cf the!
1 If the Executive disapprove, be is,;
io me noose wnere u onsmaieo.
with hia objections, which shall be : enteredati
laree on the journal. This, then Ihe record-fj
ing his objectiofie is a right guaranteed to tbe
Executive branch, by the express words of th
Constitution, i Can any one contend that a sqb-
sequeci oenaie or tioose can tiiib mis
bv exounrini these obiections ? And furthers
If two thirds approve the bill on the reconsidera
lion, despite the veto of the President, it becomei
a law. But in all such cases," says the Til
section of the i 1st article of the Constitution
the votes uf both Houses shall be determine
by tbe yeas and pays, and tbe names of the per
eons voting jforj and against the bill shall" ha
entered on ihe joo'nal of each House." Cart
any be io blinded by prejudice as to contend thai
ibis express command of the Constitution can.be
evaded made noli and void by expunging tu
names from the record 7 . Again ibe voo
etitation says ? ibe yeas and nays of the mem
bers of either House, on any question, snail a
the desire of oce jfiftb of those present, be eoterj
d on tbe journal!". Here then is an expressly
granted privilege to me one nun to nave men
votes recorded, .It is a right valuable persona
right. Can; tbe majority of that, or any subse
quent Senate hafre these votes erased ? Deg ra
A mecbaoic. bj bis t alefit land vsktU, acquires a
reputation in hi profession.;- HiY wages 'are
small whpn forced to apply Wmself to mere man
:el labour. He obtains frcb alrienJ"a"portioQ
of bis: redundant - capital, extends: his . business;
and in a few years by using prudently and skill
fully fins borrowed capttali be: spreads, around
ins family all :je c
t liow onld the mreijdajjaboureroe. any
thing more; without this system, which enables
bim"to draw.-tnta his serf lea the dead capital of
the country T Takeawaytbi8 system of credit,
and voti leave blra nothiag but mere toil ' And
drudgeryj redace btsratef wage9, and make
his condition daily worse iliid worse. , Besides,
11 WOUlu OS mpOSS104e to trsuuiisu wciiiiiv vur
reacy, sufficient" tomeet tbe demands bf such a
commercial, trading people: as ours. There is,
assuming tbe highest estimate, not more man
an nnn hnn in crweia HnlktiA ITni
ser rights so sacred lobe invaded by the ruthless
hindjttf.partVl.il. I J
But 0 ns again recur to the words of theg
ConsUtolIon. j Each House shall keep a jour
nil &c. What could onr ancestors have meant
ajembers." says the C&nstitutton. Sould if.Hby the expression ' shall keept" They were
certainly eood authocraphists, and understood,
the English; language, perhaps, as accurately as
any body of men.; j According to Dr, Johnson
and all the j Lexicographers, - to wnicn I nave
had recourse, to Ktp means w retain, to prc
serve, to, protect, to guard. Milton says ' lhis
cnarge I Keep Mil my appointed oay oi renuer
derino on." ! ? She kevt the fatal key." Thi
6criptufal quotations, 'Behold 1 am with thee tQ
keep thee,? a!nd the Lord keeping mercy fb
thousands. illustrate very plainly the true mean
ing of the word. IJ How absurd to say that tb
framers of the Constitution, tn requiring thp
Senate fo keep a j journal, implied thereby the
right to defeat that very requisition, the right to
destroy Can it be presumed that when the
enjoined upon each House to keep, retain, pro
tect, preserve a journal, that tbey cave tbe powi-
er to blurr, blot, expunge, and annihilate il f If
bo, wnrre win ine power enu r v nai is io pre
vent their exDun?in the whole records of ih
past legislation of the country from going bac
to the administration of Washington, and erai
sing the evidence pf every transaction thereof
What, we would ask, will prevent iheir ex pun!
ging the very; evidence by which the Constito
tion itself became the supreme law ?
Bat, fellow citizens, to show more plainly th
dangerous tendency or such a doctrine, let u
bring it down to practical life. You all hold right
which are evidenced bv the rernrds nf nnr nnnrlsl
They are proof of the tenure bv which vour Janda
and other property! are holden. and how foolish if
is to, appose that any certainty is attached ta
thoseiv ".s. when they can be annulled by this!
process1 . .- Vring ! A citizen is charged
with a yV- '; 1 1f , the laws of his country. He
is brought V y : a r;ourt of competent jurisdiction!
tried by sV'V jfhls peers, and acquitted. Som
tyrannic'uj vge, some ruffian Jeffries, gains af
se5t on4t0j bsocb, and prompted by malice, or
"ders the trdict to-be expunged from the records
,o( tbe coCrt, and the unfortunate citizen tobe a-l
gain arraigned; for that offence from which he
had received an honoranle discharge. He. can I
not plead the former acquittal in bar of tbe ini
dictment, for the record, the only legal evidence!
thereof, has been erased, and not a vestige of il
remains. He submits to his hard fate, and cur-i
ses the weakness bj that principle wb;ch is so
loudly proclaimed s necessary for libirty, thati
the life of the citizen shall not r3 Twice put in
jeoparoy lor ine same onence." vvrcan con
template, witbbuit ;borrorHawfuf eunseferV-
$80,000,000 in specie finphe United : states.
The circulating medium; demanded by me pros
perity and growth of the country is upwards of
four hundred millions. sAbbliih the credit sys
tem draw from circolationjlhis immsnse amouni.
restinn- on the eood faith aid credtl of the coon-
,try.and introduce hard meney, alone, and yoo
make a reduction in all species of property, wnicn
will bring derangement an distress never before
experienced. Then one doflar-vyould be worth
' ... ,.t.-j-i. i
as much as lour oouars now, ana tne ueoior woo
has given his note for $10 at this time, would
be bound to pay $3000, over and above the val
ue for which he made himself liable.
- To be continued.
FRIDAV, MAY 8, 1840.'
REPUBLICAN miW CANDIDATES
' FOR PR,ESl)ESTf
WILLIAM IIENR1T. HARRISON,
: "r' '
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
JOHN M. MOREHEAD,
UANDIDATElS IN ROWAN.
' '! fc
VCF We authorized to announce Samuel
Ribelin as a candidate fo
an and Davie counties.
the Senate for Row-
C We authorized to mnnoo nee Hamilton
C. Jones, Isaac BuANsand Francis VVit.
liams, as candidates for the Commons for Row
o and Davie counties.
For Sheriff Col. R. V. Lojfg, and John H.
Hardie, Esq, , u, ;
CANDIDATES IP DAVIDSON
For Sheriff Col John: M. Smith, and Mr.
B. B. Roberts. 1
CANDIDATES IN CABARRUS.
For the Senate C. Mejchor, Esq.
For the Commons ColD. AJ. Barringer.
i , r M
Tbe Delegates attending from tbe Electoral
District, composed of Rowan, Davidson, Mont.
gomery,acd Davie Conntes, having assembled
in the Court House in the' town of Salisbury,
on tbe 5th icst., far the purpose of appointing
an Elector for this District upon tbe Harrison
and Tyler Ticket,the Convention waa brought to
order by A. Williams of Davidson, who called
Col. C. Harbin of Davie tohe Chair, and on mo
tion of A. Cowan of Rowan, John BfXord of
Rowan, C. L. Payne of Davidson, E. F. Lil
ly, and J. II. Montgomery, ,cfrJMqntgorpery,
were appointed Secrft.rrtiV4 V.-". I'
The Courik.? oeicj-cV'CVfoUotririr:
sons ar.3Trer33 ;v
and order of Society every one t ;i fcsnects lbs
dignity and juyejiepdence of the Seiitleand re-
veres the sacred. Constitution which! has been af
source of ph blessing tcrofir nation, fo set
his face 8;nihs mostdanlious, this most
damnabh!? 4bctrineJj, joctrine which!
strikes atHroo of all our devest rights, makes!
the tenures of property uncertain character in
secureand brings Jthe life and liberty of thecit-f
izen to the foot of any party which,'1ybhicanery
ana corruption, may gaiaiue ascendency in the-
councils oi toe nauon.
The third resolution condemns the Sub-Treasury
as a dangerous experiment. It is usual, fel
low citizens, to; denounce all those who oppose
this favorite scheme of the Administration as
"Bank Aristocrats'' and "Bank Advocates."
Now, I do not hesitate to pronounce condemna
tion on the system of Banking which exists in
inis uountry, il needs relormation. lint Gen.
Jackson and his supporters contributed more than
any men living to introduce this slate of things.
When he went into power,tbere were but about
SOO Rinb in thin 'I Conntrv. with a rsnit! r.f
. I - . . J " - ... r, t-.w J . - w.
ui roBcumgtne ooject pi me constitution. I 200 millions of dollars. Now there are 700 banks.
Shoold the validity ot the printed codv be dis.
puied, to what source but the original, can you
resort to determine the question ? Establish
this right to expunge, and all the rights, both of
property and lite which; have been cqoired un
der the successive legislation of Congress, are
dependent on,l,and subject to, the caprice of any
party, however corrupt,' which may ibe able to
gam the ascendency. By What, except the jour
nals, are you to fciow that the requirements of
:he Constitution have Ibeen complied ! with in
that legislation by whicb privileges ire granted
and rghts secured? The, Constitution says
that all revenue bills shall originate in the House
of representatives. A billlcf this description.
originating in jthe Sena;ft ihough itlsbould re
ceive the sanction of the Presidential! would
admit to be null and void. How is this to be as
certained but bjr tbe; journal f Permit, then,
the journal to be expunge at the will of any
party, and yoq give the- power to defeat, at plea
sore, any act, however imporiant, by destroying
the evidence of its havirig constitutionally passed
Congress: and you akoj break down the veto
power, by enabling eitherl House to repeal a law,
by tbe mere att of expiration. Besides, if yoo
admit the right to destroy lo expunge the
right to aef follows ! t hecessiiy. We all
know that in many instances the erasure of a
few words in a paragraph may not nly destroy
its meaning, but alter it tp the reverse of what
was first intended. Howj daognrous would such
a 4ocinne be iv the hands of a arty bent oa in-
;:??om. ilowcn.'- John Jpnea? K. Elliott, John
hpt4. P,iHendersonV Pket Kerns, William
LlickJbbnlL'Beard, . Jn Hartmap; Casper
fjolshouser,! Samuel SiHIman. J E. Dobbins.
ABel Graham Noah Parted, George W. Brown,
C B Wheeler, G. GillespH, Abel Cowan, R M
Rosebordugh, John Riyqer, Rufus II Kilpa
trick, William ChabbefeL Alexander Hols-
houser, Thomas Craige, Mj S . McKenzie, Paul
Seaford, II C Jones, Sarnuel Lucker, E D
Austin, Alexander JLong, Henry pargar, A W
Brandon, Joseph E Toddj Richard Locke, E
II Birckhead, William Gay. Samuel Kerr. Max
well Chambers, Moses AjlLocke, JasJVlason,
Jacob Holshouser, John aSbuman, jr., Horace
II Beard, James'Sloah, John McConnaughey,
John BoPtion, C W WesQWilliamThomason,
Lemuel Johnson. i
' i- i ir mi
ihe capital of which amounts to upwards of 400 1
miiiiona and & nau. ibe administration bad
the ascendency in -nearly everr Lesislature in
tbe union, and saw (ts friends chartering bank if-1
ter bank with millions of capital, and no voice
was raised to object f tr to warm. Not satisfied
with this, tbey placed, tbe public money in num
bers of these pet banks, and permitted them, yea,
solicited tbem to extend their issues of spurious,
b eiuse worthless paper money. Experiment af
ter expeiimeot, With distress and ruin following
in their train, marked the course of those in
power, and Mr4 Van Buren, pledged "10 101-1
low in the footsteps," still persists alter tbe twice
condemnation of i the; people. It is evident that
the Administration is determined on ibe total
overthrow of the credit eystem, under which we
have so long prospered. There never was a dec
laration replete; with more awful ihreatnicgs,
than that ottered bit S Gen. Jackson and reitera
ted by Mr. Van Bbren and his party, that
those who trade oh borrowed capital ovgnl to
break." Credit ia the link between labour and
capital. It gives to labour and skill the capital
of the country, and enables them to accumulate,
to torn themselves to profit. If the credit sys
tem were destroyed it would condemn a large
portion of our t pfpies to poverty and wreiched
oess. They eo!d be deprived of one great
means of advancing! their fortunes, and thoh
the rich might continue rich, the poor would al
ways be poor. Look at the operation of this po1
tcy, aod say whether this idea he not correct.
From Davidson ttenfy Ledford, John W
Thomas, I Charles Brummell, Robert L Har
grave, A. Williams, Hen R Dusenberry, C
L Payne, D Huffman, John P Mabry. L Wood,
James Dossett, L R Gerdy, H Wilson, T.
Daniel, William Harris,! V Hoover, Joseph
Spurgen, Henry Wahjer, Charles Hoover, Wil
liam Owen, J ;FitzgealdS Gaither.
JVfon tgomery3 oh n Hlblontgomery. F. G
Kron, Dr J M Wortli EI pHarris, BHrfcflley,
T PembertonJno C AikinsJN Harris,E Hearne,
DAS Palmer, S H Chriian, A Freeman, j
Daie-C Harbin, J F ftartin, J Holman ; A
Cheshire, A'Hanes, G W Pearson, Joo Foard,
G A Miller, Jus Hooser, Sho McRorie, F Wil
liams, E Gaither, M F Miller.
The Chairman then explained the objecf of
the meeting la a brief, but appropriate address.
woereupon tne roiiowing ireamoie and liesolo
jtions were introduced by pH Harris of Mont
gomery county, and was ably supported by H C
Jones and G W Pearson, midst loud and re
pealed cheers, after which they, were unani
mously adopted, i II
j Wicreas, In reviewing the measures of the
Administiation of Mprtin JVan Buren, we are
forced to the jconclusjbn, ifiat ihe ruin of trade
and credit, and that trie disjjess and embarrass
rnent which nuw overspread bnr enontrir in limn
of profound peace, anil whihi our agricultural la-J
ant returns, are attribuubIejto the experiments
of the Administration on 4s Currency of the
'Dounjry . ; Jl ' . f f
And whereas. This Adrro:stration still per
sists in a policy when basfbeen so destructive
to tbe best mteresis of, the People, and has arain
recommended the thrice rejected scheme of"ihe
Scb Treasury a systjsm vlitch if carried into
efftct, cannot) fait to reduee most injuriously
the value of property! thefirages of labor and
aggravatehe distress whicb the people now suf
fer : whilf it affords Sverv benefit to Camtali-i.
oboy upitbetacnfled property of debtors, to
officcbclders m a substantial lucrease of ibeir '
salaries, and to rnoney kings to f it ten on lbe.de
structioxi which; it mustynaviutlv ; produce ; a
scheme which We believe to be unwise, onsafe.
unconstitutional j and - revolutionary ,'and which
will surely result in the establlshmen t of a Go
vernment Banlfjvunder the;management of the
President and bis ofScehoidars, dangerous to the
liberties ofhe people, carruptirg to public vir
tue, and against the orsl maxim ot a tree gov
ernment. rtbat the Representatives of the people
shall control tne ttevenue wnicn nas oesn .col
lected from ihemoy their oiv n consent anc ipr
ibeir own benefit : . , f ; 1 " , " " . -
'. fiultrfterens lriis Administration wuti con
stant professions ofRefofin and Economy on its
lips, has been found io practice -the most anti
republican, extravagant and corrupt since the
foundation of ihe Governpient; has expended not
i i, r !, .nrnina f on hand when u came
in!n nnnrPr -nri alL ihe -accruing incoiuw w i5
nation, and under the preleoce of postponing, has
deprived the States ot the fourth installment due
;hem under tnefcisiriouiion aci, "f"""1;
allv runniu? in debt, to meet its enorrotms expenr
ses, and has swelled its annual disbursements i to
the , average som oi iniriy seven '..ujiuiuus ui
Dollars a year :-ah amount more jlbaa eqnaltO
eighteen times the average annual expense of
ihe Administration of Gen . Washington, while
our popqlaiion has not increased six times since
that. period.' ' ' .' v - :
And whereas. The vast increase of . Execu
tive Pgwer and Patropagei and" the unconstitu
tionajretenstons of llie Execulive Department,
ai'fTusilv alarming id the friends of Liberty, and
Xkgefous to the rights f the States and ibe
People: v " T,;
And whereasTho course of this Aiimtntstrs
lion in regard to the Public Lands, which are by
solemn compact the comrdoh property of , all the
States, is destructive to the unquestioned rights
(-of the old State?, by whdratbe cesstoos ere
made for the benefit of all, themselves inclusive.
And whereas, The prcjecf of the President
and Secretary of War to1 establish a standing
Arm? of 200.000 men subject to his control, on-
dr the false pretext and legislative definition of
an organised ' militia," s in violation of the
letter and spirit tif the Constitution subversive:
of the rights of the States, intolerably onerous
to the citizen, fatal to the imorals and freedom of
the people, and deserves tjie firm and unflinch
ing opposition and indigoabt rebuke of every pa
triot in the land: j J 1
And whereas, This Administration has been
grossly negligent and culpable in failing to bring
its numerous public defaulters to condign punish
ment " and in'conniving at j the mal-practices of
which ihey have been guilty. !
Resolved therefore, 'V nil the whole couise of
the Administration of. Martin Van Buten, justi
fies and requires our unceasing and energetic op
position to its continuance in power, and that the
only effectual remedy for (he evils with which
the nation is afflicted. andS liberty itself endan
gered, is a change of the rulers under whom the
people have suffered. ;
Resolved further. That we will heartily sup
port for President of the United States the nom
ination of Gen. WILLIAM HERV HAR
RISON, the distinguished ciliaeti and Patriot
Farmer of Ohio, who has always proved himself
true in the councils of his country, as well as in
the dangers of the battle field, who enjoyed the
uninterrupted confidence of Jefferson Madison,
and Monroe, and has filled all his great nOices
with ability, integrity, and to the entire satisfac tion
of the People.
Resolved, That we approve of tbe nomination
of JOHN TYLER, the Republican Statesman
of Virginia, for Vice President of the United
On motion of Joseph Spurgpn.nf Davidson,
DAVID F. CALDWELL, of Rawan county,
was nominated as ELECTOR for rhi Dis re,
which was confirmed without a dissenting voice.
The following resolution was offered by H C
Jones, and adopted : i '
T Resolved, That William Chambers. Abel
Cowan, Thomas Craige. Jacob Holshouser and
J Jamison of Rowan ; John.P Mabry, Henry R
Dusenberry, Joseph Spurgen, L Wood and H
Ledford of Davidson ;. Oliver Wiley, J Alien,
Eli W Christian, Daniel Freeman and JfW
Worth of Montgomery, and! G Harbin,-Joseph
1 lanes, J I louse r, Thomas Ratledge and James
Cook of Davie-f. appninted a Committee - to
make a nomlpiisn - of Vjr.i'J for this District
in case from anjnforeseen cause weshouldfTtot
be able to arill ourselves of ibe present nomina
tion. 1; x-,v-;VTL
On motion nf j F Marfin of Davie,
Resolved, That the Chair! appoint a Commit
tee of one from each county; to inform David F
Caldwell of his nomination, and request him in
the name of this Convention to visit the mat
public parts of this District and address the cit
izens. Whereupon, the Chairman appointed
James F Martittof Davie, Charles Bruramell
of Davidson, Eli Harriss of Montgomery, and
ii vj Jones or llowan; ;
Havjng concluded the business of the Con
vention, the Chairman announced the willing
ness of the meeting to hear any person who
might be called upon to address it. Whereup
on, mere was a general call for si. Boyden, Esq.
oi ouny, wno atteoding L-ourt, was present..
mt. uoyuen rose and addressed the meeting at
length, in an able and effective manner, being
frequently interrupted by the plaudits of his au-
. Upon his conlnsion, !he following resolution
was offered by E F Lilly of Montgomery, and
unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be
Heniea ia jr. uoyden for the able and patri
rioflc manner in which he responded to the call
of the meeting, and that be be earnestly reqoes-
vou io inrnisn a copy ot his speech for publica
On motion of A. Williams of Davidson,
Resolved, That the Whig papers throughout
the State as well as in this place, be requested
to publish the proceedings of ibis Convention. .
Whereupon, ihe Convention adjourned. "I
C. HARHIW n.n.
John B. Lord, )
Cha. L. Payne, ? e .
J H. MoNTGOMERT,
E. F. Lilly, J
i : "
CIGARS. Well puff we were yesterday
presented a box of Cigars, manufactured by Mes
srs. Lash 8r Brothers, at Bethania, Stokes county,
N. C -puff-puff We don't often smoke,
however, unless we get bold of the article that's
just exactly nice, and no mistake : in that case,
we sometimes so far overcome oor prejudices lo
the use of tobacco as to-puff-poff-porT a
little. Messrs, Lash? Cigars are excellent; and
we think tbey need only be tried o win for them
the preference over any we have ever seen : no
p"ff we must puff-puff-puff puff -puff !
Orange District. Dt. James S. Smith
of Hillaboro has been selected as the Har
rison & Tyler Elector for the Distrist com.
posed of the Counties of Orange, Gran
iJle and Pert on.
from Davidson, 1
town on Wedr.s: '
been give ii thrc
such such a rr.e.:,
cry nook and c:r
made by perse." :1
get together c c:i
crowd did come r
quits his posi tt
ntoa ineetir t " :
Baren, makes s
ministration atj; ,
and Ptill telb tl.o 1
ed Shis position. II
business of imp: ;t
the business cfCc:
to prepare the fir
mer session, an i t
bodys business v. In
comes' prepared t i .
documents to tr.i'
ted his services v.-;
it did not make rr.
Ibis District cr at V
not choose to,nrt;
paper to wit : "
WHILE HE 13 r.L
Mr. Fisher in !
hood to say, still, i:
Why then dots !.
to address his err
open ijield and let t
uents have a char ;
with their oppr i :
would be met sr.l
did he wish togtvr
Van Buren meet:;
toil lo hear him, t
the party f Ti c (
swer both purpn'
knew well that c!l ;
great curiosity to I
Tense of his mcTi r
gress. He was r
audience. He kr.c
would prevent any '
body to answer him :
his Van Buren a!i
fullest extent of I.;
hours throwing c!; '
He abused the Bsr '
hard times. He r
Abolitionism: with t
so far, and stooped t
ders upon his milit-r
milled the Indians :
leep when thelnd:
the exploded falsf f
Crnghan at ihe tat!'
added a versinn w .
that when Gpn. Hirf
Stephenson, instead ;
of the gallant Cn'-)
done, he afrandonpi 1
ly observ ing, h is '
Never in the In-:
surh a speech uttrf
was safe from reply, s
snugly stuck downl
Buren friends he j
ed, regardless allLe .
it. He doubtless ;!
presentations couU !
the people wrrafJ I
Hairisnn, that no f r
We think he will f.
ken, as when he t ' '
he would gel eilit f
. Mr Fisher hn r'
dress the Ppr: !. t '
j We again call i,
the singular and alar
Congress, sen t i h r r
usinefshould q iit
and :i urn -to doin ;
hfs flu the businr -ten,
and ir nleadir
Martin Vp :T ,r -elf
clioneeri. .g- ;r
such exertions js ..
can help to re-elf c: ,
will be permitted I ) ;
crib a little deeper :!. ..
strength of the f?3r
I electioneering fur Mr.
jin the county to spr,!
lature of the Stap. '
IS BECEIVIJTO Ills
member. He Ik
and he does not !
barefarert injustice. .
no one has a riM :
N. B. We ha n
ings nf each Hnn-e I
of May inclusive, :r
recess cf the Hoi : :
and sweep the floor.-,
the reason of W r
here on the night r.f f
we see a continued e
with business and
night, the day b-f;f :
some error ia h t
to have it explains.
were ghd t
Ffcher aid in hi? pprf
ens at Salisbury, tr
patrio, a rallani a i !
Ptjfhe-h8d not tr.:
when be iv a s fo bar !
he would go for Mr.
Nay, we are prepirr f
said he would prefer
Van Buren or Clc; '
There was anctlifr r
we think onght to
City : he said i hp Ts
the oolish confrirs'
at war. which neb )t!r
Waahingfnn City. H
tbat 31 r. Van Born r
rreSjhat he caull r
vporthcm ton earned'
Enough has bcrn '
elections fo put ii
State of Virginia 1? t!
Jtn Borentsn Tf.
Lgt8latnre7,'25 net I
cd, -but it carnct z
HUM 11,1 W Hill I llll II I IIIIMIIIII illll BUI IIIMIWIIIIlM li 1111111 M, j M II I Illllll I 11 ! .-