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w nsara attention. I ;
from Me iVi'ai Intelligencer, of December 21. -
flIE MEXICAN TEXIAN QUESTION.
When a' nation which found the whole idea
of its institutions upon'lcason and Right pre-1
rarcs omeactoFjvhtch Uie consequence can-
Blt well be ah)r thing but an appeal to arms
ijjinst it, we;eenot hjow it can do less than
totake car' tlijit the grounds, the' causes, the
BKHives, shkll: )Cv 'not only such jt may satisfy
its own just! bIom; but 3 will leave its fepu
tation untarnished, and the confidence of other I
Not such? precisely, it aperns to us, have been
the reason which I this Administration has, in'
its violent desirp tQ seiz -upon sTexas, assigned
as the justifying cAuseiur that act. They have
been juch as were little tit to satisfy the bosoms
of any but spef ujators n homtf ;.' suchas could
pot bo cxpectcp .for one instant 'to reconcile
Jfexico to the jtressiort ; such as cannot avail
r a moment to
other civilized nations t
rpetratofs uncn r pretences
right, or ntcet lityl'or policy, i
We haife ,aredy, shwn, beyond .quest lorf,
hafc theTe Jivasn6thing in our so-:calied rejog
nit ion of the Ihdenendprice of Texas which in
the slightest degree released us from our duty j
as a neutral 4tat, on xne contrary, ine recog
BitionJtselif, ailjirtit a particular convention to
me previous asnciion oi a national jaw, was a
stricter plejdge! jpjff ijeutraBty ; that if accompa
nicd ,or billowed j by any conduct- prejudicing
tKber of the pajrtles as to the object of the bon
iest, recognitirln lost its Character as such, be
ctme a frabdn Avasa hostile wrong. t In, a
word, before Recognition' ! XveweVe'bourid to
neutrality 4nlj iyjust ice; but, Wler" the recog.
jiition, we hoh
ftame bound thereto,' in addition,
iy our n wn. direct Jy. plighted, iith.uotfY
All this erjarnad to the sub-
tlance of the J et j4nd, passing fi-om that to its
now propose forpvte jiavc: established that
this is asitiiaisjjasutterly in violation of all
the constitutiiialfules that bind us at home, as
"tjie actjtslfvas agaiiis all national law, i:
The rnattebeing thus proven to be contrary
entirely to!' thl j rules ofjiistico from nation to
nauon, a uireci nnanaonmeni or an our puuiic
faith, and 4 tibial 'overthro w'bf the Constitution
in eoe of ;rtriaii- organic parts,; we will not
proceed to exaihino the sufficiency ofjhe grounds
setMp to justity or.extenuate this breach of js.
lice, of 'fkkhsihq: of our fundamental law, all.
ia one. -
ingpotive$ to the act nave been
t, now another, shifting, through
now one thin
Lke a certain change
Mythology, you could
sei2e ae;.niiir pn'e semblance,, before they
id 4n oi)sUo : they werenow the strength
o( Texasl.'nfjw. ertoar helplessness ; now
.the incapacitjf ef IMeiicb tp prosecute the war,
Dow;tne cruei acvasiaiion sne was aooux io in
t l et on WpnjeJit, it was. that .slcrn law of
wccssity,nH(jr resorteti to but when right; and
ill milderfjihirgfnust-lput aside- at the
next ';vc'',;for4'Tactihg' onlj ? from the gentle
pptin3Mitjnani while, the re-
gioaj was pnej of such exuberant and golden re-
wurces that the imptation .lo annexation was
iTesfstlWe f. M anothorl we. wp re perfectlyits-
lUere'sfedti lioiwJ: Meiido had no rishts'iri: re-
garj to Tai' iqiwhicii we esuld pay the small
est attention Jahd ; now we were ready(as es-
Eially aear:jn a phrase-of Mr. ShannonV
letter I $6 he r cit .j y este rday, ye wo re
t act for the benefit ofithe South : to-day, it is-
4e North ! ha! t!' M to beich iefl y profited :' yester-;.
'jrjit walgfdif (tlf&'plaTAinff Interest r to-day it
lp.r;the'!iliaauticrbihat'.Js-to:'8ay; it is at
;cnc;io later f reie tfadd and the tariff; , iL is to
unplv th rK.in..rrowih.: States with a tnarket
fd 'of the country to be got is jti3t
breadstufis' in excess for all the
resti it wnibrter Vndble vent for the "salted
provision si of thei Northwest and a large part
of it is the fi ie!st stock-raising cotmtry in the
;ocld V itj np j:pssary as a refoger our ship3
f itvar &iid inothirif? llarsrer than' a revenue
ctlte jr: caalgt; nto its ports wo roust'?. ha vo rit
:to shut otfi, a the very, assailable point," the in-'
;tislbnt'; f uropean j squadrons,' which $ could.
Me n0 than seven miles from itscoast,
tahiia have! to make, a descent upon
it ttrougi Louia (iaha, npt upon Lbuisian a th rough!
it; we ajtegp thai the question of boundaries is
left perfc;ppcn with'Mexico, to be adjustedL
4t leisurf; jartd we mkintain that we : have "no
territorijufetion with, her at albt we repeat
tb samifhihgjwhen our " compact " withText
assuroes, unless wo mean to.oreaK ii, limits
. thit strefch jtfeihe Rioldel Norte and Santa Fei
still pi;a; when we say that a great na
- lural boltidilyiexists )ri the sarae country. be.
fohd th Rio'!de None, and that our, very pbk.
Ject is t jojto !that; physical barrier, in order t
PjA btivceiiithe Spanish race and ourselves
' 'ink!lywe jassfrt that this new domain must
e appropriated for, the : security' of the jslav
Astern anfi thb;suprpme voice.of Gen. Jackl.
QI; ecoedj by 'everyjbabbling stdekor stone
f Deirlffl!vi rrie Ant that w'6 must havoiiL
;The$si jra:sons'ertatnly .bespeak at; rnucn
atecate tonake; them many: than to, have!
, em. cifrsint ;?They;win easily be, seen Jol
e fitte';toilatter ; the (eastconsiderate and least
JJoral a'rt of our people, than to conciliatb'to
tbe intended 'act the calm and hi?h imnarlialitv
ith wji)ch jnatons artd history, isit in judgment
A8 Jiever; amorg, these, many extnises--r!
a lneand ; jcbntf adictbrythere v are
I otiesV besiqes tho;atrcady-exarained
, : 5 ';lhat frdm their superior nature
- .aim a particular attention, we have set!d6wn
,'f t;l'f Qricallyi these argiimentshe'most oppo-
' i raVf ac 9te PPf s' belong;tq inerent
' Iw el?e business. The first served'tb set
ik , 00 ousiness. t he tirst served to set
, lQ9i jthe-second; brought up later intothe
r'ijl.jlircservWis Intended id; finish' "the
ir. Editors 5 Proprietors,
h Certainlj,1v-hen. through Mr- Thompson. Tour.
Upon iho supplication ol one of the parties a
lrernenitran(f tol the otHer,Iexico) against the
prcuairy aoa -r tvengeiui jorm into wmcn me
eoiiteEj betSt'ler them had"sunkr humanity was
urgdj jtndi he i ppeal was made :in its name.
But thkt wasia rue, an equitable, a'faith'keep.
.btjaah5jf-i- lot this' arn'ied land aggressive,
oflf thrit;3 si ice orhe forth f to: urge - us on
thrpugli; rivl-irs )TJjlooti .ibrtthe" licquisition1 ol,
territory which 1 ko bayo' uo'more available pre-
teneejlpr Uftlng possess ion oC - ';-!. vi ;
f u If id fb revert to, the xjpehingiof this business
tha iAndrwslotthetletter from a private
eitiier -!of ? Maryland then in London,? and the
pther ' -iing jjseufortK injftrl Upshur's letter to"
fl$ K irphiof fetlVAugustl84ilr and the ne.r
;oftns)'itiirsiches doVa- to the: $ubmis
f iori ct the ilVety to 'the Semite by the Presi.
deiiWive; jfinid thefcreat justifying cause f that
trcatylilledised io be: as reilavesaid.1Niece8.,'
$it:jphich helessity iar deduced from th sup
posed Id i scot er v! of m inist e rial machinations i n
U reatlBritaan, that were 'straining, every power
ii-fl -11 ir. ,i -.- . - - L i
measure,: then tar advanced
paling all, the slaves m Texas,hoUght i Ju - to other gi,lemenralso wrho had
of ! establi sh i ng there a complete 'British con
trqv udbff making it the resting pointy the ful
jcrftm j of i'jJii'esistable:eyer by which- the
jSuihf its prppelrty, Its productive" tndusjtrj,-' and
mf personal jsecunty ot alt, its innabitents, were
loioeriat once renurnea.
t! iT m- ,
:h the alarm which
iconc. othep Sou h,
(a tlilen relort
il !! M l! M , - . i . i ..
inrouiu us apprenensiveness on tnis particular
subject, auJ the Northrlh rough Jts jealousy of
iEtigl&jh pokier and policy, toa'sudfen abandon
bt,jpori;aues now seen !to be either ficti
cious ur ideal, jo alUVur.NatibnaV duty,1 all our
iphsdges and ialljbur policjr in regard to this ques
t ic 0 l!t ween ftj ex ico ' a nd he r colony. HTo give
to jth Jpub paisioris enough
jlo capyhem orer all regard for peace, for faith,
jforj justiqe:lomthing more violent than human
jityj wftis io j be pm ployedespecially .as there
l.waijs iieii"; ; :suspeision of ! arms -something
mMrepersuisiv0 lhan interest for, Aai we had
thus far hadjthej honor to disregard. In a word,
thi great soyerfign arincnt of Necessity was;
to (lejfflTjedj thatx overrides all. others, dis-'
pes3sj -fri';-ei (cry "obligatibn,tandis to itself
tbM oiblv la4 iSo anruesinrParadise Lost, the
LLthj ejibiny f;.rankind twhen; he would .steel
mmseii to every crime -jr.: , : , v-t
fjiiSo pake trfe fiend, and with necessity,
I "iThe iytant s plea, excused his dev'iish ends.'
As au largrnenr nothing can'gehcrally be more
suspicious than pis of necessity, because it must
everijputl ftsde pllmoral andf legal coji side ra
tions, whatei'er aid,- on . the bthef hand, notb
ing iprengiroV td'ilhi: that'bptsvit, be4
cHusei beinlr Je extremest of reasons', it must
bij-imdef jthpclfarest, before it can lie admitted.
nNfelwUat Md It to uprn-in:this ease ?
EtUhtjjal V tin nonymbufletterLwhose author
jhajs )iiU yeaed to disclose himself,' of which
tHe iry ftlHannot be produced and confrs
Buiy:,imprQuale to the csecretary himseit who
bjiilds; iwantiTo coufirm it, we havccthe
tales of some persons equally unknown' who
hfM lttt 1 M irnl i'lir "tri -Tuti lti?t4-". A rtf'iirtv hiiri
tHero! Tepesed facts"of the sanie nature : but
the version s djue rent, and both versions stamps
e4 with leaiinl circumstances strictly irrip6ssi-:
!bb.f Whei tie matter isaflitile further sifted;
illiroljh Mf.verett mLondori,; weVobfatri no
ifahts i but sich lasTshoir that some rabortlvo plan'
of stiqh yisonry persons as usually constitute
AMIie8.!ae ' ufefore Lord
rdeeri fend! been by-hini" rejected! Tnis is:
and of this (as we have raentroned) .Secre-!
tTpkhurlbr rather the President through
hha4tnps;!.tas despatched': Mr.Murphyj that'
itll iisi! liiiilba4leT5; That It wasmucni:"riji6m:t
tat t stva wlhdut 4 pf ooC and , that it was so
! straoKOt a"itor,asnbt-e "without
piropjS amIUbit the niost conclusive, he might
Uetj t -havl B$p f--y':, ''v.z-'-.J
' lXtx d jit bslcssjd "either probability witTwiil
ckidfnckf aTeidence -trilfc&ut prpbabiliti-r--Siod
C eairly it adineither thevone nor the other
t ytfd elrhveT served , to make out the neces
"4 try I case of Necessity ? ? Beyond "doubtif no.,
i ut thai fisnoji all i! take the' story, if-you will,
and alter!: f rnjontradictions and ttsrutterioipra.
babilities.luntjl you make of ft something quite
pos:$iiblHThe rgoTori;and; establish'!- it i by-ar
muctji eldnde as you iiKeas muenms teas not
froteea, Itili-whea you 'shall have done all
this, xto case of Necessity can be made out.
coiu create no necess,Ty on our pan, uuiess u
. wa9lijcpj4ry0$l . certatn-r to be brought
abUtlNoNMI that attributed : toErJsland was
as: host Ueto Ulexicb as to -tisV It proposed
(ibtexand her slavestaWTest Grn'
fcixico hi r! invoked colonVl in order to' make of
If ijie s!cjiflAboHtion operations ;ogainst .lis
liofd AbeIrd Sen had admitted frankly; to Mr.
,By3S RTt;lha he had endeavored to induce Mex
ico to' acknowledge the lndenpndpnrfi of Teias.
pn the condition of its abolishing slavery ; but
fit snev wouiq.uoi listen io ine proposal.- yi e
Vflu Wad I hd first!part of t h ad ml s sio h rnuch
can not reject ij the ' last especially since events
fiuw &uovva ((iai.it, is true.
It ':'hwtn th,tl
at -Englaril inusVrri: the Ipretended design,
ed jepqounfe red tfie ' opposition and idlated
course ! iwytously, undc niablv to side with
Mexico ! agast ihc' iniqiikous tschemet and; not j
tQ piunaeri neat, jest ivngiana snouid get tne start
tor ua i jft'lfhai unlawfiil1 enterprise Surely, it
was easier to . foil. Jier with the assistance of
ryof J,ffMand s wanting J.exas, a theory with-A
out proof iHjlaHheTery worst step that either
e i. :j"L 151' j t-..-At-iT. t i.-.'Vf :;f .t,-
fAT-U'4ii'-tVlfA;&Vthntobiect is: to be thn
SUQ Or WO Can laivu IUr iuai .wi'jv.v.1 ia, tu uc tuui
V.Uf .'atiA if -T Tfih a!- lif rpnllv rwnt I
'ML J .,?,A if fpn ihft nnrt ML
Ti ' in! rt 1 i iif 4 1 1 n til v n'rrnlnr us : and ifT oh the
'other hand iAe makes the first attempt, Jlexico
ah'd ourselves must and will unite to prevent her.'
Such ii ths real light ia which this pretended
IS ece sltj
tjst-be vi-wcl. It r:vcr l:i'', it
b? ur' "1 1 1 J-'ivo, rny ttu ex-
istence; .SubseqUents faVtsVtooV iiave1 sfiown
the whofe matter to be soTfaUacious rtha the 1
whole argument of Necessity has now been a-
fbandoned by the President and his advisersj and
an opposite one oi Jiumanuy suusiiiuieu ur iu
i'?We shall here ieaVeithis subject Ibrl-dayi1
ropbsfiig to i tcontfeiuevour observations upon it
at Ihefirstrconvenierit opportunity. ,0 '(
1 TWENTYEIGHTli C0N6RE SS,
rr Cbrfespondence vf the Baltimore Patriot
Washington, December 20, 1844."--
.V ''S, UNITED STATES SENATE, f i
'.- .Thcf Senate is not in-session to-day. having!
yesieruay aqjourueo over umu lvionuay nexx.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Theillousefet'as usual ari2, 'M, 'l j'
: -.A short. time was spent in odetenntning
Mr. vDromgoole" stated that; various! gentle-
jnen had .been allowed heretofore, to introduce
Ikilla tn rtiirstii nA .t nrAvlniia n rT is a 3 Ha
bills to report, that they should have thei same
privilege eStended to them : he therefore inoved
to suspend the rules for the! purpose ; of reeeiv-
f 'ing reports and "resolutions, and also notices of
biils 1 he vote was taken by tellers -ayes 68,
nays 53 Jess than two-thirds in tb0 affirmative
jles Mspended. -Sf :
- Mr; Dromgoole moved that the "niles lUius. ;
pended for the purpose of going into committee
of the Whole;. Less than two-thirds voted on
the motion yeas 72, nays 32. j , 1 fl
, Messrs.'Burke and Causin were appointed
tellers, and the vote was again taken. The re
sult was yeas 83, nays 35 so the rules were
suspended, and the House accordingly went in
to committee of the Whole. The Speaker call
ed Cave Johnson.to the Chair. ,Tbe ! commit
tee took up the bill graduating and redut ing the
price of public lands that hava been a numl)er
of years unsold ; and Mr.; Dromgoole wished
the bill postponed for the purpose of taking up
the Sub-Treasury bill, introduced; at the last
session: ;-A .. ," . .-: A' v). jij.: ..
Mr. A, V. Brown desired the bill for repeal
ing one of the sections of the law which in ap
portioning representatives under the census re
quires them to be elected by districts, to be call-
ed up. . ; v.-t1 v
.'Mr. Schehck also wished a particular bill ta
ken up!, f ?A good deal of irregular anei boisy
eonversation took place, when the' vote was ta
ken on a motion made by Mr. Dromgoole to
postpone the bill before the committeei
lers were appointed, and the bill was postponed.
Mr. Dromsroolo moved to takei up the
Treasury bill. ' J ! I I-
' IVlessrs. Winthrop and Holmes 'ere appoint
ed tellers. No Quorum voted. Considerable
confusion again took place, and cries were heard
in various parts of the Hall for adjournment, for
which a motion -was then made that the com.
mitteo rise, which was lost. The vote was ta
ken on considering the Sub-Treasury bill, when
the decision was in the affirmative. , ! j
' The bill entitled an act to provide for, the col
lection, sale-keeping and disbursement ol the
public money, was then taken up. I i i
The bill in some respects is similar to the one
establishing a Sub-Treasury at the close of Mr,
Van Buren's administration. It- provides for
keeping safes and vaults in the Custom Iouses
and in the Treasury Building at j Washington;
in which the public treasury is to be deposited.
The bill was read by sections and a few amend
ments were reported.; , . fc
The committee was then about to
report the bill, when
'f. Mrv J. R. Ingersoll enquired whether itjwoulcf
be in-order to move a recommendation: 'that the
"bill shall hot pass.- ;- ;V - h ; . ,
The chair responded, but was not heard.
Mr. - Adams addressed the committee and
f pointed Tout certain provisions of (he bill which j
were irr conflict with the constitution j
' The bill provides that a part ofjtbe Treasury
building in this city shall be set aside, and shall
be the treasury of the U- States, and allows re
ceivers to disburse money which nay b!e In their
hands befbre!it goes into the Trfasy..1 .The
constitution says that all moneys disbursed shall
be drawn from the Treasury beforejit-can be
disbursed, and therefore the bill wasin contra
veht ion? of this clause i n the const itojio!n ;v
? " 3Ir. Dromgoole replied to the objections, and
contended that tbo eleventh section jofi the bill
settled the difficulty raised iJy. Mf,.Ada;ms.
4--That section provided thatall lioneysjin the
bands of receivers shall be considered as de
posited to the credit of the Treasurer pf the Uni-
ted States, and sulnect to his drafts inthe same
. a- r : -'t ' t .. Hi. 'I-
manner as tnougnjit was not aciuaiy-,iu uic
treasury-,! He then made allusiofts to the party;
aspect of the questioh, and coutehded that the
decision of the people inthe'latercdenU
election had been in favor of that 'measure.
: Mr; Ba!rnard spoke and contended hat some
of the provisions ot the bill we re! not consistent
with the constitution. He also opposed it ow
the ground of its Inexpediency ai
actionable character. He maintained that this
suoieci i as net an issue ui iuv - mwmuu, .,
Th Wirt v that elected Mr. folk did not dare to
1 raistf this .question, as the peoplehatT condemn
Jed it idut years .ago; and-, would .have uone so
j ngaiu ii iuc ijucohuii '- -r i - -r
Mr. CJ.ingersOHSUggesicu au aucraut-u in
Ithe phraseolbgy of the bill, so as to1 prevent all
possibility ot dimcuity in me cousirgciioii oi h.
speechudCsome length. ? - - .k '. -
.Mr. Schen'ck made an able argument against
the bill, and thought the system not quite so'per-'.
Cectr it9ight,beV!niadev-r It; had beep corn-
pared to tne planetary spucic. uvwuV
J tude, he thought, would be found in those ; eccen
I 'm.K rm ff tangent and like our
trie bodies which CO off tangent, and hkeuour
twvnta .miv.. ci
Ifitt.trrnieiirpnt. never tO return.
I -Thi r!p.li.ntA wasf continued up to a Ja,te hour
i byv Messrs. Doulass. Smith,' of: Indiana, and
j Scbenck, . - . - y i ' : -. ; ---I
; The speeches of several of these gentlemen
(were almost entirely of a-pariy diaracter.rhe
j.Ccmmmee tticn rose ana iceuyst yuuiuwT
at 4J o'cLc!:. ' ..
. Decesbeb 21, 1844.
It.! STATES SENATE, ; i '
Y The Senate is not in session to-day, having
lnursday adjourned over until (Monday, next..
HOUSE QF REPRESENTATIVES.
T SUB-TRE AST2 f JBCH
c? Yesterday's brief journal, haying been readj'
a'number Of gentlemen - addressed , the Chair,
who recognized J vS-i ' -"J I 'j " ?
Mr. Dromgoole. This gent! man called "tip
h resolution submitted by himyesierday evening,
for closing all debate on the tjb-Treasury in
two hours; afier the House took upf the? subject
jn Cbmmteej ? On ibis Mr Dfideraanded the
previous question, upon which tie vote was ayes
56, nays 45no quorum 'vbt ing " w? ,';.r-v.
Then followed motioQS.ta joayro,;to:iiaTe, a
call pt the, House, &c. &clTe vote howev
er, was again; on Mr. DromsooleV motion, and
this time it was seconded : yeas 76, nays 58,
oiiu ino resolution was aaoptea.j . I
!( : The House thfen passed intjvCbmmittee of
the Whold fen the State of the Union', Mr. Cave
Johnson in. the Chair. ...J.I 4 .
f Several igehtlemen rose to ac dress the Com
mittee, bui the Chair said Mfi Yancy of Ala
bama, wasj entitled to the floori naviriggotteri it
before the adjournment yesterday. - .
, Mr. Payne rose and excused! his colleague's
absence on the ground of his indisposition.
. -4 Mr. Huintof Newf York, ivas ihera recog
nised, and jhe entered upon a labored exposition
of the defects of the Sub-Treasury -scheme, ar
guing from ; its previous condemnation bythe
people, as well as its inherent defects, that it
ought not to bo adopted.
adopted. His! chief
to it was that it would have a tendency to change
me exisung currency ot tne, country. '
In the course of his remarks, reviewing the
late, canvass for the Presidency,,Mr. H. alluded
to the support which Mr. Poik;receive4from the
Abolitionist.! : : "' ' ": '':t '
Mr. Hunt replied that Mr. Bjrney proclaimed
his preference for Mr. Polk oyer Mr. Clay.
Mr. P. said this was of a-piece with other
Whig statements, with reference to the nomi
nation of Birney by. the Democrats, of-which
Mrj H. was also assured. Mf. McClelland, of
Michigan; offered fifty dol!ar$jto anyone who
would produce a letter of MrBirney's accept
ing the nomination of the Democracy. Mr. H.
promised to produce the letter
M r. Henley, of Indiana, was next recognized
by the Chair, but he gave way to
Mr. Baily, ;df Virginia, whol , declined entering
upon the general debate but spoke at some
length upon the bill itself, asking the Whigs
what was their plan for taking care of the finan
ces of the country,- since a National Bank was
out of the question. i j
Mr. Clingman, of N. G;, next rose, but the
Chair gave the floor to -
Hr. Henley, who had given way to Mr. Bai
ly, and he was about to speak, when,.-
Mr. Causin asked if such arrangements be
tween members were sanctioned. by the rulesof
the House! "I ' -'"::"'r ? ':"''
- The Chair endeavored to place the right ol
Mr. ' Henley to the floor upon his having risen
first, and after some remarks! in different quar
ters upon the injustice of thi$ decision,
Mr. Henley went on with his speech in.de
fence of j Mr. Polk's Election. His speech is
snfliciently characterized byjsaying that it was.
a slump speech. - , , J . . : ,
I Mr. Dillingham next addressed the House in
support of the bill. ; , J ,
" Mr. Cary," of Maine, followed and launched
his thunders against the Whig party. In the
piidst of ' his speech the hour for closing the de
bate in Committee came roUnd and the Speak
er! resumed his Chair. J
Some member moved the: previous question,
which was seconded and the House was brought
to, a direct vote.-, p-- O: ..-.v...
!, jfThe yarioas amendment to the bill .were a
greed to. j -The question thfsn was upon the en
grossment of the bill. it ,
; Mr. Adams here rose for the purpose of mov
ing a recommitment of the: bill, but the motion
was not in order. The yeas and nays were
then ordered upon the engrossment, which was
ordered- yeas 125, nays 69. S-
l The question was then nfioved on the passage.
o( the bill, and the yeas" and nays were ordered
again a4a matter of amusement. f
4 ; The billAvas then passed by a vote of 113 to
69. ,;:!..! 's -':.: . :J.,.,
; The House then, at 3 b-clockadjourned.
Henry Clay and the Electors of
i.. 'ui, I
! Irf this roorning'sfpaperL we give the Address
of the Electors of Kentucky to Henry Clay,
ti t": . v ".' ; . , ;
and the reply of that great man to his friends
and felioW citizens. Th4arksi of the editor
of the Lexington Observer; which accompany
the; addresses, upon the scene and the actors,
redder if unnecessary Tor us to do much more
than refer tQ the publication!.' ' 4" .'' v
(-"Not a word is utterej by the Electors, that
every, true Whig will not Irespond to, while e v.
er heart will seem to b(i jlhrobbing wUh some
unexpressed feeling of Icjye and admiration in
wich t$e address appearls ideficient It is not
for a few men to get togetheri and, itflhe for
mality of a public addrejss, to pour out the feel
cfress cteholesibiit does; not express, th attach
ment, t'be ardent Iovew)cli a7raajdrity ofjthe
people' lee for the'Sagej of Ashland. Individ
uals to each other, seem; most happy in express
vin the general feeling for Henry .ClayTKlcep-
seated, abiding, and nromotive. ; Nd limewill
eradicate the sentiment, no defeat ditninlsb ttie
pride iri theman : ad ral
ly the tost of the old apd tried frfends of Clay,
who have; known him longest, and Joyed him
r niosU to cherish his memory, and defend his
ddUe tnjusllce to the American people, loibei
lieve fhat any thing but! party fear would lead
them to assail the man whose life has been; a
! iacrifxe, a continued tacrif.cf, to ths American
:-' ' , i - - ' I . " - " ,
9 iPl-.if -
to ' '..' V
people, to the cause! of human rights, wherever
asserted, and the gkfry of the nation, ot iwhich
be is the boast. - When death shall have finish
justice f i and, that the outbursts of affection, re
gard and grateful recognition of services, will
be, his jineral AvaiVahd the blessings of a'peo-.
pie;, made prosperous and great by, his'policy,
will .bedine! nis 'monument, '---,t
ii The :if ply of MrClay to his rriends, isj'all
that coild bo1" expectedt It is" worthy of; Mr.
Clayvorthy of exalted "position, worthy of
the love which the Whigs have shown for him.
Thejb ty sentiments i tjaat-be expresses, the ad
mirable advice that jbes- gives, the, pure patriot
ism that marks his submission to the decrees of!
the ballot box, are worthy of worthy of-H en
nr Clay. iVe knowf now, , of nohigher siand-
ard of giving: patriotm, .,. ,
Christian IV., KI eg of Denmark.
Translated from tie, German fort tie Boston Mercantile
. - - i journal, oy iu. di,.
I . 4 "r - - - , -
: Christian IV, King f Denmark had
lost his queen iy death. , and thpugh still
in thei prime of life, being but thirty-five
years jof age, no" persuasions conld induce
nim to share bis now solitary throne "with
a new companion. 4It is' true be bad, in
his long union with Anna Catherine of
Brandeburg, learned to know domest ic
happiness in its full extent, and a desolate
void jin his palacr,! but still "more in bis
hearty reminded bim'foo painfully of the
days when the love of the early departed,
and lier virtues, stilljblessed his life, j
But though his naturally firm and un
yielding mind was sometimes overcome
by such reminiscences, he still refused to
listen to any .'proposals 'for a second mar
riage. and even rejected the earnest en
treaties of i his two sisters; the Electress of
Saxony, add the Duchessof Brunswick,
who Jiad come to Denmark to comfori him
and openly expressed- their desire to see
him again blessed with .a queen such as
he had lost. " V -
Btit tbe!heart cannot always wear ibe
cold jshiela of reason yhieh protects it a
gainjst Cupid's arrowis, and even heroes
have) their weak side. It happened in the
yearj 1615; that. the King was travelling
through Jutland, and stopped at a country
village for refreshment and repose. While
bis servants were preparing the meal, he
seated himself at a writing table, in order
to transact some important. business. He
soon' became so absorbed that he-did not
hearl a slight Woise behind him, till a young
girl Stepped forward, . with an aspect !as
noble as it was modest, and kneel ing )e
forelhim, presented a petition. She was
riot beautiful, but the fire of youth in her
eye. the smile : of health 6n her lips," were
as attractive as regula'rTt;atures, and the
singular grace of her'motions surprised the
King. He ordered the lovely maiden to
rise land inform hirn pf the contents of the
paper, which he still held unopened in his
band, but with a benevolent kindness which,
inspired hope. - ft ! "
one announced herseli as Christiana
Mudk; daughter of Ludwig Munk, who
had lately died in poverty on a small es
tate in Jutland. He had formerly occu
pied an important post at Dronthiem, but
had been tried for-serious ofTcnces. and de
prived of his office. He had with much
difficulty rnaintained his family by culti
vating a farm ; but now, deprived uf their
last! support thev saw themselves exposed,
without the royal favor, to extreme want.
In this "grle'vous situatioririhe' report of the
King being in the. neighborhood, had ap
peared to Christina a sign from above,
and she turned to him, she said, with the
same filial confidence with1 which she
made known herwants in prayer to hea
ved.' : . : . " .
The King, whose faithful memory re
called the slightest acts "of justice,' remerii
berpd the name of Ludwig Munk, and did
not' forget that the cunning with which he
had r hdeavored to defend himself against
undoubted proofs of i guilt,; had tendered
his dismission fronTofiice a milder punish
ment than he deserved. You do wrong,'
he said, thus to remind me of your fath
er's guilt; and I am; surjisedhatryour
boldn?ss ventures so far as to ask'!a favor
' fori his family." -f-' - " '"" : -: '
' Whether my father was guilty 1 know
rioi said! Christina" fearlessly ; bntj it be
comes me' as his daughter to doubt it.-
Even allowing he deserved punishment,
will you continue to persecute him in his
Iniiocerit children ?! j Since we. have lost
heaVeh to 3ou,' and ?you will hot refuse the
hnrnhle. detitiori'which imblores vour aid.
z jjsingularjcow King.
So" because ::out haycj lost jyourl father,
child, I am obliged to take Ins place.' t
u :KNot dxadlyobligedr answered Chris
tina, ' but ,thepommission lo do good; with
Avbich God has entrusted yduJ docs not ex
clude' me." though Para my father's' daughT
'The.King xvas delighted.with the frank
ncssy i th yyhich j h e maiden spoke f iler
clear .eye, inspired with . hope and con fir
dence. met his with ,suctx a-trusting
niinnyhnr smildHvris sosweet and in-
nocehW.thatJie could ndt butgaze ba er
with complacency v4v-rv
; !AU I can'do fof youA he said, niter a
pauseis'to obtain for you a' newjprotcc;
tor by giving:you in marriage. vi-rv K
ed tneltareer of licnrr fclajVfutnsW
believe that the Jiation will be prompt to do him
yfnle he spoTic. That is the last thin-1 -
fihouUdtMrc, jour m-ij-y,'
she. t , . J, 4
? Whatcried the Kinpr, arc ycu iLca -an
enemyjo men and to marriage V '
said she, blushing, but f fear ycur - '
Tbch j oui have already ma
iion.'tsaid ih'e Kinr. s '!.
ffOnljr- i4 niy-mind, she answered, fixin-
ncr eyes cat iiie gronna. -Sume'rrjotnents
passed insilcnccVChris. 1
tiahTeU.that liisTieart vas not altogether
k ! Letjus j hear' Ke resuimcd, .iwhy; yoi
think that jnov choice, .will not be yours' .":
HjBecauc4ail .Chnstina, i m some per
pfcity, Ufectisc jihinlr
cm - MupiuiuonfiOi your, counicr.s.
d suppose jmc, wcllrprovided for if ho ;
wtjnj.oniyj young, xicn ananandsomc.;
(Jii- I.J ' . ' ' : .:
opposite wouia no more welcome toy
soi cola nssne naa supposeu. tic could not ;V ,
account fdr'the.' lively .intercut, he began ' -
vr 4.tivc-til lug iiiLiiuvti. - . i - - r t
JiWcHo'frtrango-ry interrupted the ; l. t ...
Ivihg Vare ypqth,vealtb, and beauty; then - !
?suh'fai''cHrhes in yourYcTyesthaTjtha. ; t:
our- - '
J4iot so my lyings answered Uhrtstina; -vPdnly
(eel tJiaVI should wish tdt look up S
io- ray :.iiusuajii unurnot consiaer nimuc
n (fat h nieand t his cbu Id ''not be the cis o
Xvithd you tH.1 J wi 11 riot Jameniof; des-
knCvhpw !trptect nithtQ:guide ;my in- - O f t
expeiejicfy feet'.from ; j 1 4
sldingson ihelipyerjpathslof life. For JJjJ
a4lhe JFjrja vjajhicbstonmsrairi and Csuu fK
shineiiriuccessionrbririgito maturity, is
thsvvcetpsti so ndniari can make ;mc hapfl
py; but pile who i
ti1itldriif, p)ionlhurylib) independent ,
of jdutWarjj influences uhdeWarids 'xact
lyl-what hnl wi 11 and miisi :doand 'what 1 "V m
as con dented with hfm should;dd : .
iThe ast)rii$hed Christian gazed long and
fixedly Wheiv" The excitement of speak- - ;
ing nau neigniepeu.4ierri coior, onu given
ny brightness' to. her, eyes- j Penetrated .
by! the tleijeltng of what sHc had said,
almbarrassmentfc"all : timidity !fiad van-
had attaipe, gaye. her- a new , charm to ;
add to th interest tho lving already felt
tohersHlir r-.v -;
Ydti sneak bevbrid. vourVears.' fie'said.
with bomb fmdtiqp, dropping the. familiar ; V
tdne jhe hjadj hitherto used towards her. :
Hoy cofildlyou in your: short-Jifo attaia5;"l
' vievk"sb aprppfiate to mature ageK t r J;.---tESnenedcernv
Toail lord,. has-been"
f my teacher,! returned the maiden.' It was
not in tne lap oi roriune uiavi urM icani- ; (
ea to knowllif e j not. inlthe fulness' of su-- f
ncruuiiy, iiftv iucn5vrre iuj hx-ssi;u,iiijuh., -
me wmcn i nave treasurep in t my memo
ry, like costhr pearls, wJiich.tliCs diver ob
tainqdiwitlii difficulty, ini)rder.to adorn my -dkrki
futures .with them. Early accustbtriv
ed to turn my anxioua gaze around me on
all the relations .of life, -to1 see whether
some hoj3e night not spring up fdr mcand
jileasingj mjsttike,but Reality ' basshown
me, from' t le "fiite of others; what I needed;
yhat l rpult strive Tor,' airdyhat' avoidTiri,5
order to be jhappyHn movnVayf
f You riiay go. how ' still more perplcxru.'
ed, ! will jth ink of you, and to-morrow, j t -
iiien I seejyou again, l.hope .to prove to ;
ybu that! c2re" for your welfare has occu-1! " . I
plied. rriejVjl Jwv- f f ff'lfvC'.
1 Christina bent,-in silent obedience, Ahe-"
fdre her pdnarch," yet, as in takings leave
she raised her dovncast eyfi3 once more ,
to his, and saw-in his face an expression
of kindnes&.c.ven of tenderness, she could
not part! from him with the' coldness and ,
silence yv'hjch form prescribed She grasp
ed thejhinl to which God ' had- entrusted
sp mighty ja sceptre, ana- wmcn. was ac
customcil lineal put (aybr! with V liberal
ity, but 4tso.toT, exercise the I ftrictesfljus
tice, ano-pressirig l it vitli ardor tol her
warm iifs,s.ae oent nef Knee to tne ground, t
arid hastily left the" apartment-; "i-rK
.. 7l "- .'" ,v I i' 'it -. v,' -
: ITheriinit was obliged to summon all
jhis fortilutfe to regain composure, for the
raati whj Ijad long survived jottthful ed
lags, iuq uero, iuc mouurcu, me uispciiscr
of fate td railliohs, xjpuldnot remain indff-
fdreht tq the pharms of a simple maiden -1;
Hi is irfqmries aobut Christina;
swered'mdeh to her advantage.; because ,
she applarcd to one an bbjec V of Xuturo;
envy. tie! learned withpleasurevlbc. hd ;
mgniy Taiuea inuusiry, uumuity, uiiu m i; r
mestic; (ia$iw in "womaTthatC I- !
vvas thcflileTif hcrJariiilyTari
wearied! assiduity in -labor, ;bad;M
etocouraged them, aridby- heri,examplo r;
strengthripd and comforted them. : ; : , ;f;
liiv-lt iriay ell be supposed t bat the -most 1;
inportait Resolution of hisbTeAvas not ta- : r
kenyitbodt a hard striigglo with!thc dif. ;
ficulliesl hlch surrounded him, and ho
was no oi that night mqefr re freshed byf '0.
eep 1 iBetbre day-breakf beawokehisj E
tiram, aid ougbt''to;calni;to C!;;
of His fierjl charactelrratnld crowd of oc-H ;
fix hkAtclitiQrtf arid
tlfate ihls approach oft EebburAvheri Chjri--'; !-:
Una wif tp'Appariforp; 4; .
ingt a rrjesienger to bring hcr-y :jt-ti "v ir
VX She ianbeared. ;ather entmncc, still' ; '
more clarinff thanlon the'ri
lor every irace pfjinxietyi aud'sdrrow.had
jdlsnppeared; and with modestconfidenco
UuA Ur.L,Li vWrt1rinri who' seemed tin
who seemed no
. . . ; . - 1 - ' i :--,!,
our; ai'l'iuvui.u mv-
lnri?Wa Aninzer. but had changed from ;
thej might&and terrible possessor of ar'fj
kingdom, In wbose hands lay her fate, to ' .r
ti friend; Jfrom vhombcmight expt.J
fiappincssf't ' "-- - r . .'.' . .v''-; ,. :'
" l havpsent for you, said Christian, m. :; K f
iVriodsjoiietb inlbrmyou that your! a i t
fairs hav.pccapied'mV exclusively since , T
velterdayind that I now tbinU I can make - .tf
a proposal to you Avnicawui oeiccepia.'; . . if
t '. Christina -looked at; him inquiringly,
.while tb glad smile ot confident cxpepta.'jif
tran! played round her lipsl' ; 1; -' ,
i's'1 nave joaou a uiiuaiiu-iui - juu,v
tiriiicd thb.king, whom You may safely
trust with Votirtiestiny. lie possesses tne
I Qualitications;whicn you require, tor ae is :
' i ' . '
Her lace" assumea a serious wpresswui Jr-;.-:, i tcmcttww e? jobrt.i x-cr.j . , . , m
' - i - f , - - . . " ' :