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'. , , L L....- '..-. ----t .. ..f )f,v'i-' -.4 ...- ;--. 1 ..;.-:..."'---... (l 4-
.reran of the Carolina Watclimau.
dollars in advance,and two dollars and fifty cents
Mheendof the yca j ' . - ,
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paid for an' advance. '
aubacriptioif discontinued (but at the option of the
rtais) until ail arrearages are paid. ' - 1 .
- f TERM! OP ADVERTISING, f . : ' 7 i
0u dollar pr square far the first insertion and twenty
kt cents for each continuance'. T ' . !',
.Court noticei and Court orders will be charged 25 per
ltit higher than the above rates. : , . '
A deduction of 33 -3 jper cent will be made to those
wb advertise by the year. - . - '
jL$ advertisements will be continued until forbid Tind
chrgl for accordingly, unless ordered for a certain num
ber of times. ! j .. j
0 Letters addressed to the Editors must come pott
fjil'ta ensure attention. ! . . - :
T3I JT " ; ' T
- ! ' . From the New York Mirror.
The following is by a very distinguished
man if genius, now in his grave. We believe,
it was nererjbefore published.
IEA.VES FROM THE NOTE BOOK OF A TRAV-
LLEH Ilf EUROPE IN THE YEAR 1805.
Tlsil to iriadame do Slacl. " ,
Aficr a ride lof some hours, we turned ud a
read just at the entrance of Ccpet, and in two
' . . ; ' . 1 1 ' . '5 t - ' .....
ia7iitjtea.r3or4i Wfrp "at ftbe, seat: bribe great
XWiteri V 'fllKthipfi 'nt tho - ... j aci'
K-f- sent Up; a riotf 'to Madam e Staeli
" T MW .CL4C. 21 1 It I . Ill r.
I - . .
prcising our desire
l9 !e? ncr. ; In the mean
r the grounds. The" house is
-tjnv.AV-- walked ovc
ih, with Copct and the lake
before it, And, in j(ebackground Mont Blancl,
Behind, after a littles court and arbor, came a
infc circular jliw.nL surrounded with trees, and
enlircnedj by a; small stream which turns a mill.
Mcr sorae time ve returned to the house, and,
while looking at the pictures in the anteJchain-
ber, I heard,8dme forie say in a lively tone,-
Ah ! Comment ous, portez vous, Monsieur
I turned found and saw a lady, who
Iook wr. JV -. bv the hand. . Ha intrnH.,.
me, and ve entered jthe saloon She was a lit
. : . ji. --. J . f - V
ne pjuuip womanj rather short, dressed en dis-
fcabille m a gown, wilh a kind of jacket made
nankeen. IJer lace was roogh and coarse, ber
hair black, eyes and eyebrows of the same col
cr,her nose inclining to what we would call
a pug,' a mouth not gracefully . formed, but
four teeth and; those! projecting, f She was therei
fore so fceauty!i .btt-he- face., full of expression!
wreyi full pt firo, and aniniated countenance,
were infinitely mote 'pleasing than mere regu
lar'rty of feature. jVVe sat down, and th6 con-
wrsation "began byf a, question as totny inten
lion of travelling further in Switzerland. Find.
inff I was ffoing to OParis, she asked me tOL trour
b!e myself :wjth a letter, to which I, of course
, t- 4 i . i ..- t. ,A '
assented. ' We theh discussed the news. Entr.
tiidYten&fitji-Acc She observed she
wwthey took pur .essels on all sidek. (Ac
count have lately appeared of American cap.
lures.) :.";r .1 ;'
We now . began to talk English which Mr.
. . r r
K-l made jher srteik. She did so reluctant.
ly, saying, that the embarrassment of not speak-
g the JangMge well, was one of hef objec
lions' lo visitirlir Inll
and; Mr. K said it
was like a horse in
routine, a certain ci
mill -one had a certain
rcle, out ofwhich. we Wou'd
not stiri She obseiv
rlecl, that "we alwa-s'said
that wre could and ndt what we would." lIr.
askedjif she had Gibbon's posthumous
Mtes ia the house. She' answered, no. TT
uked whether she
hpught they contained more
Angncf-ms in his French, or Gallicisms W his
. ! ; -:' hi O
English, it appearing! to him that his French
a$ hctte than This English, She said she had
Bot seen them: latelrJ but her impressions was,'
withe French wanted couleur." and that, in
efforts to be correct, he.had been correct on-
y, without obtaining ease or crace; '
mentiAned a. hook f !rriT- n.
i - v
M fifty .years 'ago!
rs asol written in French bvan
. i-. 9 I ! "
tDJltshman. ! Shefexpressed neat curiosity to
w if? and heiprooiifed to send.it to hej Mr.
u then rcmemlwred thero was a question
8ich he wisjicd hji to put to Monsieur Cha
teauhiandj who had just left Geneva. , It was,
iat particular virtue Cbristiariity had added to
ose alreadyjhnowi.; She said that she would
nswer ; that-it had added mildness cWty ;
&at n;laJ made wftman's condition better. I
vusunca, i inougniiii naa ouerea more induce.
joints to virtue, theije wards being greater than
i the heathen system. She replied, that it had
"Hu'rea morc to bcMlected than those ot Uilris
nily, whicwere jvhblly spiritual, than ofPai
oism, which w-er Jj material. 1 We then talked
tho condition of religion in America. ' She
bought the-Ajmerican gavernmcntperfect in its
teaduct towards n lligion, and approved of the
fc!e, which liment oned existed in some states,
requiring Of their tfficefs a belief inooVj
wa m a future :stalp of rewards and punish.
fnts ; thesej bcinjp great cardinal points, and
rest me re jmattdr s of opinion. With regard
tfee influeneje of Christianity, she said she had
pTeo her sentiments in on'e of her books, to
"cn saerelerreo; jus. ; &he said- theyW're
ere before ATnnsetir Chateaubriand had pub-
y "is. up exprcsssu mem oeuer man sne
idone, butihe hi(l bofrow'ed the ideas f om
rV I asked the ti ime of her work. She be
t1 to tell me hrEnjlish, but, not going on flu
wly shi Jaughed i X the idea- of notknowing
name of,her own lwok; and gave mo the
och title, Influence do la Literature, &c;
has very, borrefcj idea about America, and
great admirer 'ofjour Government, and more
7?png son, teokv i,n Baris, whom she wishes to
M to' CnWrgh-j j I asked her hoy she came
,referVlnglisy education fur him U She
; W(:red tbat she jhought it'Le that for wo
ya ere were certain graces pecuirar to
? jo";'mie; inen,(embasisiogVthe'
r?r?) shlhpught jhe' Euglishsupcrior; and
J8! addedj?iwifirm mo in my opinion
Madam de! iStael laughed, and replied
t.4ia mai menca was a young Jtiq-
k T ''an.a' t -fhe had just linished Kos-
f r 1 '..1 .. . :r a k " . " . .- " V
oi is;o a., with which she was much
- vr, ' -fcrVcEEcr ctox ixx.,Torx;fc - ' ' "l 4 V ' V J" NEW. SERIES,' " , -
: - -Editors & Proprietor. ? r - I r -Jvv Kciixs. Do. raw, iiro Libett . . . . -""w i
v.8... ,,,,, :.mv: : -r :-.. ; -.zw-- J v.NTOIER OPt VOLUME IT :
pleased. , Hewas jquiteifujfjir In Italtan liter
ature. We spoko lof her going to Paris frdm
which she is extlei She does not like Gene
va. The house in ! which she lives, (where her
family hvc side,) Aidle mhfc datdom-ense.
went." After further conversation, we rose to
takeoor leave had been) speaking of
Chateaubriand, then at Lyons. ; She said she
was writing to himl and, if I wished, would add
She followed us o the ante-chamber, and, ad
ter many, polite, expressions", ended with a com-j
pumcat truly i- rench. Ah I" said she, "Mr.
K- if, a young:! Frenchman had made the
same observatins lo me that Mr.JBiddle h, I
should have embraced him and made him my
bestiriend." On opr return,! read Marmontel's
account of Neckefs family, in which he calls
Mdlle. de Stacjl Uric flrmable'etourdie.? : Mr.
K t had seen ajgood deal of Necker, who
died last year. fHeJ had a high opinion of Ameiv
icaj and was sorry We had bought Louisiana,
though " he considered any thing better than
French ne ighbors. . He thought we were too
large with it, and that the natural course of
things would be asheretofore we would quar
rel, divide, and at If ngth end in a despotism.
In speaking of IVIdle. de Stael, K - men
tioned that she is not much liked in Geneva, be
ing very unpopular
among women, whom she
takes no pains to p
ease, regarding only men, to
whom, in society, she addresses all herconver
SOCIETY FOR) THE ENCOURAGE
MENT OF. MEDICINE.
This is a small but very select society,
composed of physicians, surgeons, and ge
neral practittpnefs. Its object is the mu
tual comparison, pso to speak it, of notes,
r i r s- i ; -r. .
ivr general euincauon. n meets once a
week, at the hous'e of each member in ro
tation. At the last meeting
The chair was taken! by Dr. Hookie, at
the head of His own tea-table. The wor
thy chairman, wiih a cup of Hyson in his
hand, begged to propose as a toast, "Suc
cess to practice' Drunk unanimously.
The secretary Mr. Jones) then stated
that Mr. Baggs ouldwith permission of
me oocieiy, reiaie an interesting case.
The patient was jan elderly lady, tetatis
65 ; her complaint Avas. a sinkiner at the
tomachr accompanied by a singing in the
ears; together with a nervous affection,
described by J herself as alIoveishness.,,
lie (Mr.-Baggs) had the disorder Debili-
las, and Tiriniliis Aurium. Ordered
Phil. Micaj Panisj crumsbf bread box
one, inree pius iq oe tauen every night:
and a sixteen ounce mixture, composed of
Tine. Cardamom Comp. drachms ten:
Syrup : JSTmp. : ognce : two : and the rest,
Aquatwater tlijce. table spoonfuls three
times a dayi The patient had been two
months under treatment expresses her
self to have been pone a world of good
1 i.i i:t. aJ !.l i l
uui auuuiu iiiic ugo on wiin me mcai-
cine, tie (Mr. liaggs) considered that he
had been very lucky in his patient, and
oniy nopea ue migm nave many such.
1 1 : 1 I V . t . t
A memner her suggested the propne
y of drinking her health. (No. no: laugh
Anothermemberthought that Mr. Basres
had made a good' thing of itr
Mr. Baggs rather flattered himself that
he had lie hadj charged " Iter each vi
sit, 5s., besides mpdicinej, and he had seen
the case daily. A
The same mem er wished, if it was a fair
question, Xo know what might have been
the prime cost of j the drugs?
Mr. Baggs said that the t incture in each
bottle, hcshouldkhink, was about threepence-halfpenny,
and the syrup perhaps
thme farthings. jThe aqua was an insig
nificant fraction of Ihe rate on that fluid;
as was the Panisj of the baker's bill.
One member considered that a few pow
ders now and then, might have been sent
in. Another! would Have applied an Em
plastrumPicis to the Epigastrium. It
would have been 3s. I,
fir. Baggs' thought vthat a little moder
ation was sometimes as well. , ' .
The Society, generally agreed withi him.
. Dunham Brown then recounted an
instructive clse)f goutoccurring in an
alderman. He had been in attendance on
him for a twelve-month
aajayerageJhree fees a week, j '
;-.The chairhianrnextifead . valuable pa-,
per 'On Professional Appearance,' in which
be strongly recommended black gaiters.
c A discussion ensued respecting the ad
vantages of 4 spectacles in procuring the
confidence of patients. At its conclusion;
; The chairman inquired who : was for a
game of whist ? j Several members an
swering for themselves in the affirmative,
cards were introduced. The Society se
parated at a respectable hour. Punch.
: To prevent woQlcn goodjfrom shrinking
after washing thf m in hot' Water, immerse
tbem in cold water, then wring and hang
them to dry. ' I ' : ' .
..; At RIchfork, Davidsoii Cty. If. Cp,
; I. On the Great Stage Road from North to South , "
T ' and South-West ....
Eight miles North of Lexington, and ' ' -1 '
n . , 27 S. V. of Greensboro. -,
f. y ,- f . ' t ' . - .
SAIjISBURY, N, C
; COMMON SCHOOL SYSTEM OF
: MASSACHUSETTS. V-":
xtracts from the first Annual Report of
the Hon., Horace, Mann, , Secretary of
; the Massachusetts ; Boa of I2iucati6n7
Competency of IVflcA-nothercor
ponent element in the prosperity of schools
is the competency of teachers. " Teaching
i3 the most difficult of all arts, I and the
profoundtystof all sciences. In its abso
lute, perfection, it would involvti a com
plete knowledge of the whole being to be
taught, and of the precise manner n yhich
every possible application would affect it;
that is, a complete knowledge of all dow-
ers and capacities of the individual, with
their exact proportions and relations to
each other, and a knowledge, how, at any
hour or moment to select and apply, from
a universe of means, the one theh exactly
apposite, to its ever-changing condition.
uui in a tar more limited and faractical
sense, it involves a knowledge of 4he prin
cipal laws of physical, mental and moral
growth, and of the tendency of means, not
lv iuinieuiaic, man to remote results.
Hence to value schools, bv length i
of qualityis a matchless absurdity. Arith
metic, grammar, and the other rudiments.
as itaey are called, comprise but !a Small
part of the teachings in a school.' The
rudiments ot feeling are taught ! not! less
man me rudiments of thinking. The sen
timents and passions get more lessons than
the intellect. r Though their open recita
tions may be less, their secret rehearsals
are more. And even in training he in
tellect, much of its chance of arriving, in
after lifer at what we call sound judgment
or common sense; much of its power of
perceiving ideas as distinctly as though
they were colored diagrams, depends up
on the fact and philosophic sagacity of
uie teacher. He has a far deeper duty to
perform, than to correct the erroneous re
sults of intellectual process. The error
in the individual case is of little conse
quence; It is the false projecting power
in the mind- the power which sends out
the error, that is to be discovered and
rectified. Otherwise the error Will be re
peated, as often as opportunities recur. It
is no part of a teacher's vocation, to spend
day after day, in removing the hands on
the dialplate backwards and forwards, in
order to adjust the machinery and the re
gulator, so that they may indifeate the
true time ; so that they may be a standard
and measure for other things, instead of
needing other things as a standard1 and
measure for them. Yet how can a teach
er do this, if he be alike ignorant of the
mechanism and the nronelliner nownr of
the machinery he superintends ? j
The law lays its weighty injunctions
upon teachers in the following solemn and
impressive language: "It shall be the
duty of all instructors of youth to exert
their best endeavors to impress on the
minds of children and youth, committed
to their care and instruction, the princi
ples of piety, justice and a regard to troth,
love to their country, humanity and uni
versal benevolence, sobriety, industry and
frugality, chastity, moderation and tem
perance, and those other virtues, which
are the ornament of human society, and
the basis upon which a republican consti
tution is founded; and it shall be the duty
of such instructors, to endeavor to lead
their pupils, as their ages and capacities
will admit, into a clear understanding of
the tendency of the above mentioned vir
tues to preserve and perfect a republican
constitution, and secure the blessings of i
liberty, as well as to promote their future
happiness, and also to point out to them
the evil tendency of the opposite Vices."
Moral Instruction. Among the Pagan
Greeks, the men most venerated for their
wisdom, their Platos and Socrates, were
thejjducators of their youth. Our teach
ers address themselves to the culture of
the intellect mainly. The fact that chil
dren have moral natures and social affec
tions, thert in the most rapid state of de
velopment, is scarcely recogniseSd. j One
page of the daily manual teacher the com
mas ;' another, the spelling of words; an
other the rules of cadence and emphasis ;
but the pages are missing which teach thcr
laws of forbearance under injuryi of sym
pathy with misfortune, of impartiality in
our judgments of men, of love and fidelity
to truth ; of the cver-during relations of
men, in the domestic circle, in the organ
ized government; and of stranger to stran
ger. , How can it be expected that! such
cultivation will scatter seeds so that in the
language of scripture, instead of the
thorn shall come up the fir tree, and in
stead of the brier shall come up the 1 myr
tle tree V If such be the general condi
tion of the schools, is it a matter, of sur
prise, that we see lads and youngf men j
thrckly springing up m jhe midst of us,
who startle at the mispronunciation of se
yorf as though- theyjwere personjally in
jured, but can hear vollies of prafanity,
unmoved f who put on arrogant airs of
superior breeding, or sneer with contempt,
at a case of false spelling or grammar but
can witness spectacles of drunkenness, in
the streets with entire composure:' Such
elcvatioh of the subordinate, such casting
down of the supreme, in the education of
childrenTis incompatible witb all- that is
worthy to be called the prosperity: of their
manhood. : The moral f tmiversefis j con
structed upon principles, not admissive of
welfare under such : an-administration of
its laws. - In such early habits, there: is a s
, MltCH l; 1845.
gravitation and DrocIivitv'''fovrultimat
downfall and riiinv If persevered in, the
consummation of a people's Iclestitiy may
Still be a question of time but it ceases to
be onf certainty, i ' To avertithe tas
jtrophe, jwe.mrst look tcf a change in i our
own measures, hot to any repeal or ' sus
pension of the ordinances of nature. These;
as they were originally framed, need ho
amendments Whoever wishes for a change
in effects, without a corresponding change
in causes, wisnes for a violation of nat ureV
iaws.. He proposes, as a remedy for the
folly of men, an abrogation of the wl5dom
bvoxBY Rigoox, one of tho Mormon " El-
ders,"j who has! separated from "the Siint3,
and commenced the publication of a magazine
at Pitt$burg, makes some terrible disclosures in
the January number of his periodical. The
brothejrhbod cf fanatics have according to his
account of the matter, been even more steeped
in guilt of the rhost loathsome character than
they have heretofore been charged with. ! The
" Elder " says their domestic arrangements
were upon a scale of almost unbounded licen
tiousness. Polygamy of more than Turkish
liberality has obtained, not only among the deni
zens of the holy city itself, but the " spiritual
wife "j system has extended to all the branches
of the; brotherhood. The Saints in this city,
Philadelphia, Boston, dec, have all been called
upon tb practice its rules to immense extent,
and whenever any reluctance has manifested itself-
any scruples of remonstrances urged a
gainstjthc foul and revolting system they have
been silenced by the thunders of authority, and
the disgusting practices enforced without mercy!
"Everyone," says Elder Rigdon, "who was
known, tb be opposed to this system, if he or she
could not be won over, or made to succumb by
threats, was excluded, and their characters as
sailed in a mosi outrageous manner, in order to
destroy their influence, that their testimony
might hot be believed." Such disclosures as
this will have no effect, we suppose, in break
ing up jthese nests of pollution ; but they will go
on, people will still run after these creatures,
and it jwill still be considered 44 persecution "
to speak of them as they deserve ; nay, alto,
gether inconsistent with the 44 spirit of the nine
teenth century " to punish them for their abomi
nations ; though we think, as it seems to us,
every high-minded man and woman in the coun
try will think, that these atrocious sinners should
at once be made to answer before the legal tri
bunals for their transgressions.7 If this Sidney
Rigdori Jcnoics what he charges upon the Mor
mons, !be ought to be made at once to erive evi.
dence !arainst them, and the dplinmiAnt-
promptly made to suffer for their j crimes. Ar.
Y. Courier and Enquirer. I
! Tarbobough, Febbuakv, 15.
TJie Disease, Since our notice, two Weeks
since, of the fatal disease which raged in the
fkmily'of Mr. James Ellinor, in this county, his
ne;ro woman, Cain Hammonds a free near-
man living with him, and the wife of Benjamin
Anderson, have died with the same disease
making seven deaths in all Eli Parker, James
Ellinor and wife, their cook, and Hammonds,
five atjMr. Ellinor's house Edward G. Thomp
son, this place, who attended Mr. Parker and
caugty the disease from him and Mrs. Ander
son, living near there, who visited the family.
The others that were attacked, have recovered
or arej convalescent. The disease is still vari
ously designated as St. Anthony's fire, black
tongue, Scc. We are informed by our physi
ciins that there is now no case of it in the coun
Sickness in Arkansas. An extract of a !
letter dated 21st ult.. from a eentleman in i
the neighborhood of Mount Vernon, St. I
Francis county, Arkansas, published in the i
Little Rock Banner, says:
"Since my return home, our part of the
country has been visited by one of the most
awful mortalities -that I have ever experi-
... . -
enced. At least one-seventh of our Donu-
lation have been swept off in a few weeks!
I cannot attempt to describe the disease.
It is of the most fatal kind more dreadful
even than. the. cholera!. Our physicians
know nothing of it, and do not pretend to
give it a name. But, I have reason to be
thankful, that, in the midst of disease and
deatli, a kind Providence has, so far. pre
served me and mine in good health."
! We'll If ever Drink Again.
i . : - Ant Netex fast again."
Tis good, dear friends, to sign the Pledge,
That sets the drunkard free
Come join the happy, happy band
Wherever' they may be r
We're marching to the field of strife.
To ghrej the dying drunkard life ;
Let TYrhp'rance then, triumphant reign
And never let us drink again.
I ) -Oxi Voice.
What, never drink again t -
Aix No, never drink again -
What, never drink again 1 '' :
Aiti No, never drink again : I
Let Temp'rance, then triumphant reiga
And never lei us drink again !
Weep not; dear children, weep no more,
Weep not thoa loving wife ; . . ,
': The father and the husband lost.
Is now restored to life. - ''
"( .We're inarching, Ate .
;r; Behold the bright array of men, v l
United in the cause; k! s - ;t'" 1 ,
Thai thoosanda of the human nee .
: -t Around it standard drmwa. , "
& Z fI'ft'ti vWere marching, 4e.-, -,
: ' The jTemperance banner and the Pledge'
I ; 7 iBy us Bhall be anniifd, Z' "' '
- Aad it shall be. oar pride and boast . ;,
We're marching, &,c.
. - r - i i .
Corretpondenee of fie JYVu? Ttrk Exprct. '
, i 1 Wasbixctox, Feb. 13
v 1 l , Thursday evening.
Polk has comei k Mr. Polk: n Ismn K
It1 Knox "i " President
VknrirVri.mr:- .vwu,I,cre w"es us as iot
past six,theroarmjtof cannon fVomJ
torHill toldnhe citizens of Washington
a neighborhood that it was even so. I have this day, learned, from an un
it !?tc,.1,gfn( was brouf.ht by telegraph qacstionable source, that at the . time
that thejust now greatest lion ofthecoun- Santa Anna's fall, aircatywas 'in wosa
try was on his way, havtnsr landed nt tVn nm) nMfiv Anen;,-J r..- r
".. tt ' i i
1 wSe?0me !ih.irt,y mile? from th
SrV: lh,stcIe?raPh,cdpsPSh bassoon
irii. ! iTie event has been rrrfrl
through the day. Ihc most prominent
n naS neflen floaut,n- of - PoIk
and Dallas flag from the great Slave-pen
i-r? 5:-'a5 i r theLsame misnomer
of a Liberty Pole from whence it floated
uiiuugn me wnoie oi the Presidential
l he city presents a busy and interesting
spectacles Pennsylvania Avenue is lined
with new faces. The hotels are full, and
overrunning; each of them filling almost
a long page of names a day, and parlors
are beginning to fill up, and will be full
by the fourth of March. Mr. Polk will
find friends here that he never dreamed
of. Some who are already upon the ground
look as lean as Gassius, others with spec
tacle on nose and'pouch on side,' look like
some Judases who having betrayed their
friends now carry the bag to get the re
ward of be,trayal. Now and then you see
one, like "the fat boy " of Maine, " with
fair round belly and capon lined," looking
as though he had been well fed from the
public crib, but had a stomach capacious
enough to hold more. More, however, re
semble in appearance the sixth of the
seven ages of man and would pass for the
" With eyes severe an J beard of formal cat.
Fall of wise saws and modem instances
" Lean and slippered pantaloons."
The picture has some life in it, and the
.Loco i'ocos are as merry and frolicksome
as school boys going to play and expect
ing they hardly know what.
The scene here for the next two, three
or four weeks will be amusing enough.
There will be obsequious bows and fervent
grasps of the hand. Mr. Polk will be told
that he is the greatest man that ever lived
in the tide of time, and what is more,Tie
will believe it, if he is the man he was
when in Congress. All sorts of people
will crowd around him, anjd all as troops
of friends. Some for a high place and
sqme for a low one, some few for others
atjd very many Sot themselves, some to
go abroad and some to remain at home
a few will condescend to take a place in
the Cabinet, and a few more will sacrifice
their personal inclinations and interests so
far as to take foreign missions. Burma
ny officers as4here are, there are already
more applicants than officers. Patriots
will be as plenty as blackberries in sum
mer, but patriotism I fear as rare as vir
tue in a house of correction.
iiau-past 7. The cars are in. A young
creation of " Young Hickories n are crowd-
. arouC(i the Depot, and cider heads are
ioo'ilnS on. At both ends of the city can-
nons. are finnSand Mr. Polk has received
a no,s if not a cordial welcome to his four
'Pars home A national flag is hung out
f " 1 ! Iml. 18 the ver' ncatIy fitte"
uZT i g n ?apy PCrsons
nave .iMnmnnniPil Mr Pltr U- :..
but of the many who cam(f. how manv
j fin iuin iv tuu-eiiv.
belong to the travelling suite it is hot ea
sy to say. The Vice President came with
Mr. Polk and Mii.X5ilpih. Robert Tyler
and others were in the cars. !
The scene at the Depot when Mr. Polk !
arrived was rich and racy. A Committee
took charge of Mr. Polk, and with music,
and banners marched to Coleman's Hotel
where a faint attempt was made at cheer
ing. Mr. Polk came to the window of his
room, bowed once, twice and thrice, and
then returned, and the crowd IpIV i
Several Executive nominations were
sent to the Senate to-day, and it is 'said
that the nomination of Prosper M. Wet
more is among them. He has had the
promise, or his friends for him, of Mr. Suy
The House will probably enter upon the
consideration of the General Appropria
tion Bills to-morrow. In the Senate, the
Texas debate wiil probably continue ten
days at least.
; P. S. M'. A. V. Brown, of Tenn.. had
charge of Mr. Polk" and conducted him
amidst the crowd to the Hotel. Mr. Dal
las, the Vice President, was in the charge
of some other member of Congress. The
procession was amusing, and the whole !
scene farcial 1 enough-' from beginning to j
end. The attempt at cheerincr was no
more than two, cheers and boy ,to
three cheers, and Mr." Hammett, of Miss.,
acted as spokesman for. the President at
the Hotel., Conspicuous among those who
have taken charge of the i President, be
sides ; a self-constituted committee, were
Dodge of Iowa, Brown of Tenn Parmen
ter of Mass., Seymour of Cpnn Hammett
of Miss.i Jones of Tenn., stray; fellow
. , . - . . .
xrom tne Jumpire uiuo, occ,
But enough and enough. Mr. Pc!!: cc
ted wisely m arriving hero at iiiht. Had
thercbeen the light of day thrd i:r, hb
fnends he might have-been ashamrd of
some among those whn
or of be,ng;?r excellence, the representa
tives cOis friends, or perhaps he might-
uavu ueeu compcueu to cry aloud save mo
. I forbear to 'sketch some of the scenes 'r
connected, with -Mr. "Polk's rprPnt;ri l'
There was heithcrriack of- vuliraritv' of -
manners or lowhesa nf Innmifro nmnnJ!,
some oi tnose who claimed to be the pe
culiar friends of the President elect H
IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTONj '
- Our correspondent Benezctte (says . the '
Tnnpnnl P.-. l 'r '
l0U ndeateof - V -V
v . . " " WAsiiiScTosf. Feb. 18; ;
j ; vuiioMinuiaiiu, ? iyf 4UBv enure
cession of California, or New Mexico, to!
Great Britain, it onlvbeinff defeated bvK
seems that pa-
found on his -
t fant ;nfn.ma,vn ..,v.:.l i .
our government. It thus appears that
Yhil England Avas indirectir opposing
the annexation of Texas, she wasat thS
same time negotiating for tho acquisition
of a country still more extensi ve and val-
uable. San Francisco is said to be' one
of the finest bays'and safest harbors on
the coast of the Pacific. Wiih the pos-
session of this fine harbor, England could
control the commerce of the whole coast
of the Pacific Ocean. WnrHVm n.iL
fornia to the possessions of Russia.
past :' but never could get holdof any thing
tangible on the subject uutit now. Thia
news will necessarily create surpris6 and
attract attention dmong our people. I
send this off in-great haste, hoping you will
lose no time in giving.it to your readers.;
THE CABINET. ;
The Philadelphia Ledger's Washington 1 V
correspondent, under elate of the 1 8thiin " rr
stant, says: ,. t-. !-- v'r-- 3'-.r !:
" I have no doubt in my ojwn mind that v
the Cabinet is now fully determined uponj V 5
but will not bo revealed, for reasons of - T !
State and other important considerations,'- i
until near the 4th of March. If theinfor-f i ;'S
mation of the new government was iiow 4 1
proclaimed, every Cabinet Minister.would f ; -be
inundated with applications, and beset -' j 1t
with the most annoying importunity every j J i
hour till the period of his" instalment.V- . T ;
From a very credible source I learn that -Mr.
Buchanan was. tendered the Depart-'
meni oi otate on Saturday, which was: "
confirmed at a special interview and ac-j , - r
cpted tliis morning. There are also some f k I
indications that, Mr. Walker wili?be in Vl-
ted to the Treasury. If the first appoint-, ;
ment is made, the other seems more thau : : '
probable. ! j -
i -?'v- j , -. !f:.
i j : ; , ; .
Correspondence of the Bklt. American. ".
Washixgtox, Feb. 20, 1845.
The President gave out about 1,500 in-! H I
vitations for yesterday evening to a 'fare- , I
well Ball, at which more thajnj 2000 per-1 'J V '
sons were present; among them, howev-J X
er, but very few Whig members of Con-f f
gress. 1 he members of the other party 1
were generally present. Dancing was " '
ept upuntil two or three hours past mid- IX
night, and the oldest of ther 'Government t
officials took part in the danee. The For-Jl '
eign Ministers were presentr and officers I l
of the Army and Navy in uniform. " TJioT
assembly was one of the gayest and mer-1
ricst of the season. " - . -''Pi'-' " -
The Whigs of iXeu lWrTh'e NeAv
York correspondent of the National Intel
ligencer says: J The Whigs of thisicitv
have resolved to rally in their strength at -the
coming municipal election, and, rc-ir
Ejecting all projects of a coalition, to vote i
tor their own men, without regard to con- I
sequences. No candidates-arc to be nbm-!
inatfcd for their suffrages whdwillnot pro
mise to withstand all attempts to induce
them to decline. A perfectly independent
course will be pursued in regard to nomi
nations; and. ifanv third Dartv wishes to
influence them, it must seek for it i will not
be sought. .
DC?3 It appears, by a statement recent- f
Iy made by Mr. Cave Johnson,. in. the!
House of Representatives, that in a fevt
years past, Congress has voted away $GS7,M
050 for books to be distributed among the'
members of that boo v. In addition to this I
of the last session7 (of this :hxofocoj Con
gress, be it recollected, and let it be under
stood that Mr. C. Johnson is himself a lea
der of that party.) appropriated 8100,000
more to purchase books '(including the
Congressional globe.) A large proporiton !
of these books he declared to be utterly
useless! Wbylheniverebe purchas
ed I Mr. jonnson gives ine answer.-r-
"-The purchase of them seems designed.
(he said,) to benefit the printers, as f much
as to? inform the membera ofhe: IIouse.n
No wonder the editors of the Globe have. I
within the lew years that they have been
.... - - . . ... r
in Washington, whither they -went, the
one penny less and the other a bankrupt,1
oecome naoops ana millionaires; ana that
the senior is able to enjoy his u country
residence asf well as his " town houstJ?
and to give entertainments so magnificent
andcostlyasftd rival in splendor, magni-
ficehce and expense those of the Europe an-,
nobility Lynch? Virginian ', i -;: - "?
i . . .
4 1- V