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brniP T 3, SALEM. ; .
1- tfnrroRSsUn trier morning ot me
light .f h'i a,s thea,r 1 breathed, ( wish I
could say U was' as pure,) I was journeying the
road toS 10 consciousness of the fact pro.
Juced a Wlniticss of mind and body, to which
forVwe'efc pist, I had been a stranger The
op0 0f jnuco jplca sure was strong within, and
ibe tboogtt toa'tj within a few short hours and I
liould be wicre I had so long .desired, , was
A hundred pleasant thoughts
me company, and. made me feel that one
is not always lonely, when alone.'.-' Nothing of
intuit occurred in my journevins : occasional
j a song broke, uponjmy ear, from some reap.,
en ofrwhcatVho would pause and gaze fur a
moment on the passing stranger, and then re
, sume their task: and song. More than once was
I startled from my. reveries by, the mournful
cooing ' of; ihedove : how strange did it sound in
mine earl, what a contrast to mypleasirig oughts
and n spite f my efforts tothe contrary, ray
mind would jfursue a (rain of thought consonant
with this doleful sound. At noon I halted by a
brook on the fvay.sidej and taking from my bask
eteome uuc uiu jiam .iiu nice .wncai oreau sai
'down in acobl and shady spot, to enjoy my re
past, and to mule on nature and her loveliness,
(it was nearly 5j o'clock, and I was nearing Sa
lem. I hadheiver seen it, and now I rose
Ibe ascent that overlooks the town, its tall spires
and chimney tops, its poplars and ' mansions
rising-above; the. re$4 were plainly visable.
How many jhejirts have thrilled ut this sight.
Standing on Ihis same spot, 'how many yearn.
. if J I L- iJ 1 i" " J .
in have- escaped .the devoted parents , heart,
inirt nave lurrounueu nim asne4jL, , 2,,ij!L-ni- 1 ! - ' , .'
dclartink. and when yeafs have' tives wlhnglan(L was urged to de
ll, Knncrai: what sire this trekty was tbe conviction that it
passed and lie! jbelioldi ; the- scene again, what
strange ehiof i'ohs risoi within his breast . Soon
he will. clas jhose as dear to him asJifei al.
ready they are passing in review before?; him,v
each formfacH lineament is there, but how
improved 1 -j Each one has' become a model of
virtue, gracei nd IoJumj'sVT Descending the
hill I thought e ft the antiquity of the place and
the patriarchal mode of life' of its inhabitants,
the founding of the, institution, Its intellectual
and moral iiiflt!nce u)un society, and a feeling
of respccbamoi nting almost to reverence went
forth fiom my heart as I found myself in Salem.
I'l .tl I..' .-J l .1 1 J :.t.
tun iuhi wut iiircuujr :iuu, unu wild great
liifipuTty I succeeded i jTobtaining place.: From
everv road, through evervstreet. vehiclesxwere
streaming ia from the four horse coach to the
single horsema n. Lea ing all that had arrived or
coming Jakcj caro of themselves I strolled
forth to feast my eyes upon a spot which, judg
ing from Jthe nature of things, must be very at
tractive', I windercd up'and down its principal
streets : (ahd rnore rough and rock one's can
not be made:) I . passed some very handsome
bmldinga'; and more than, one bcauliful sie at
tracted my ittntion One cannot fail to ob--serve
the neat and order.UJe appearance of
every thing ;inSalem its style and manners
are very jcity-lie, .and no place of the same
size contain as manvj plants and flowers. In
re very windovv, yard and garden youjbehold them
1 nhd somej oa very beaut ifut ana rare order.
If a great ;fn:y for 'flowers; argues, a corres
ponding tast f jjr all th it ?a beautiful and lovely,
then the pjeoili of Sal ;m are unsurpassed. To
hiy eye.it sit t; a pret y place t It is built on
j an ugly sitear d there is wanting that regulari
ty and Jyjnne 4 of thiit caiihs surface so es-1
sential to the I eauty o a lowii or village. . Yet
within its hour ds, it can boast of some level j
j spots. Supri r,to' all in every respect, is the
u School Girls' 0arden." Torthose who have
jceti jt, ""what lnguag;e could they speak," and
to those whWhz ve not; all my words are weak;"
If there islji spot on earth I truly love forJts
beauty, it isthis) ; :.N) painting, no landscape
. scenery eypT. jcalled-Jforth my admiration -to
powerfully . before. ' " I lingered long amid its
beaut v and loveliness, and when approaching
twilight bade me leave, I could not refrain fronv
wisning inai;; u werei my uwcinng piace, wuu
one fair spirit for my , mister." ;The Chapel
clock struck! ten as I retired to ray quarters for
the night. " j soon found a place not of rest, but
to lay on, arid throwing myself on it I closed
meyes for';ehtlo I sleep," but in vain : from
; below camq llio tumult of the crowd anck the
sounds of revelry' andj mirth, then came reflec
tions and niusihgs, not on nature and her loveli
acss, hut o(nnJy own greenness I
i- Next mon the Chapel bell announced the
commencement of the , examination, and then
as seen issuing farb, the g-ay and; fair from
1I quarters to attend
its summons. , -
i miner l oirectca
my steps, and soon stood
I'coeain us;! root.
is a neat building, - and
though" lai-ge enough on ordinary occasions was
i - i - i
now far tod small Tor comfort. On its walls
nd specimens o( needle-work, executed by the
pupils, and to HLhe eye seemed quite an orna
tnenUbui the scene: that was to roe one ol mov
ing interest; and strofig attraction was the pro.
iusion 01 ojfigni eyes ana rosy ciiccks inai met
tBe gaze all every tujrn and manya, heart and
eje enjoyecjj uiSi perfect feast of necte red s weets'
thile craziiiff oWlhislcotnrninffled scene of vouth
M beauty and pf love. The examination had
commence wpen l jeniereu ana was conducted
by the principal of the Academyy-jilr. Charles
A. Bleck, t gcjTitleraan of acknowledged talent
j snd abilityijTor Siis calling. Of its merits lean.
not speak, jas my position was one 6ut of dis.
. fmct hearing, but what I saw and heardcalled
forth all 'my aamirin1 powers. The paintings
i some of whirhiinderwent close insnerlion were
heautiful, and accurately and tastefully finished;
was delightful, and richly worth all
Anil inconvenience, one had under,
nresenti The number of pupils
as from 130 ko 140l, and as my eye wandered
fvrthem,!all clad m white, with a neat lace
ead dressi 1 1 was Conscious of beholding - as
h Hrll virtue and inWencVas I had ever
nessed. As an institution this lsdesenediy
Popular.andln'ho one institution of she like chaK
cler is the moral part of education more stricV
v Uught. fThe examinatioii continued through
"V uursaay, and,was , brougnt to a close on
ndaj aflernoon to the entire satisfaction of all
ao le.lt an interest in the great objects of edu
A. private letter toj tho editor" of the Old . Do.
n'on .ajja . j ' -;f ' " ...... ,
p u to he, or has i be en," offered the mission to
; . VNTjThe receipts lof revenue at New York
7 wfk Were, for Customs .$339,076 93
Poia week last vear. :,. rc- 414.220 61
Pcrease frorn last year,
BIIUNER &" JAMES,
--jj;' Editor k r"5 Proprietors
From the Baltimore' American.
THE -RIGHT 'OF. SRARHH -
A commiasion consistincr of the nun d
Broglie. dn ,the part of France. , and of Dr.
Lushington on the part of Great Britain
is now siitirjg in London to consider what
substitute . for the right of search-shall be
adopted in;iew of the suppression of the
slave trade.! - ; 'r's-'vy
,Thts inqtury has resulted from the re
fusal of France to confirm the treaty of
1841; byi wtiich a mutual right of search
was granted by the live great Powers of
Europe.' : ... ; ' i'f J vV
-' The United States ref used to allow' the
right of se irch refused while France
was at first acquiescent. It might be ask
ed whv waj! not the Government; of the
JJnited.&fitt 59 invited taparticipniic in th
consideration of the substitute to be taken
in lieu of the riff ht of search 1 in ennnpp.
tion with; thjis question we may quote from
an article in the last Foreign Quarterly,
which sasj irirelatiorinb thV Quintuple
would plaice her m a better position for
operating upon the reason of the United
States yhiph bad hitherto refused to act
cordially! in conjunction with us for the
suppression of the slave-trade." M We had
refused to recognize, the right of search
from theiid4a,,, says the Quarterly, "that
it wouldbe derogatory." v lt was believed
however! continues' that journal, " that if
airthe greaj; powers of Europe were to
come in ancl consent to act . frankly toge
ther, and' jiveproofs unequivocal that
they consider it to be for their honor to
yiekrto the measures of Great Britain in
the cause oj humanity, the United States
also would follow i in their wake, if not
from any belter motive, at least from the
vanity of, being included in the list ofcivi-
lized and, influential States,1
This concluding remark is insolent e
nough eVer for a -British journal. But
passing tha ; by we may inquire, is it the
design of Ejigland to bring about another
combinatior of the European powers on
some new basis by which her naval ,su
pfemacyl shall be again recognized and
placed inh gh authority upon 1 the seas,
while thcifcrce of the whole grand alli
ance shalH e brought under her direction,
to bear upon the United States in the way
of intimiuat on? We refused to'allow the
right of search because we believed it to
be another, phrase for constituting Eng
land the flight Constable.'; of the - Ocean
with powif r to annoy and distress the com
merce of ariv rival nation And France,
coming tovjiew it in the same light, re
fused also tb atlovr it, although she had
gone through the preliminary forms of ne-;
gotiating tl(e Quintuple treaty We are
persuaded rthat France will be prompt o
reject any new device which may be
brought for h for the same purpose and
as for our qwh country, whether we areK
included " n the list of civilized; and in
fluential St itesw or not, itjs very certain
neither ,i i rough chicanery nor. brow
beating, will the freedom of the seas be
yielded by us to any power on earth;
: But thejarticle in the Foreign Quarter
ly to whicW we have referred is' directed
mainly against M. Guizot and the French
Government, whose refusal to sign the
right-of-sa-rch treaty in 1841. is denounc
ed' with Jbjtter acrimony. , Mr Guizot is
charged vjthr having played false on that
occasion. jit is affirmed that, having at
first shown . great ze.al ? in behalf of the
treaty, having exerted himself to advance
it, and to b'r ing over the Russian minister,
who seemed reluctant to: come into the
measure1 the French diplomatist, in re-
avenge for his discomfiture in the treaty of
1840 respecting Turkey : ahdSjria, set
nimseii to worK to aeieai ine nsni oi
search treaty, to wreak his spite upon Eng-
We make no question at all, from the
coarse, style of the invective in this arti-
cie. ana tneeviuenc prejuaice, national
anaperhaps personal, wnicn inspires it,
that the; whole tirade is full. ot misrepre
sentations find : false colorings and most
likely of false facts. ; The Quarte rly is
sore at the
recQllectidn that England was
defeated of her ambitious purpose -not
only defeaied, but made to give up her
pretention of the right of search altogeth-:
er a humiliating thing, no doubt. -
In giving what it calls ah exposition of
and the. motives of iM. -Guizot,
the:Qujarterly bringsGen Cass intothe
account," and intimates thatt. the " French
Minister made him a tool in the business.
The point charged is that M. - Guizot, out
of revenge at being: outgeneraled by Lord
Palmerston in the Turkish negotiations,
determined to defeat" the right of search
treatv. Which Encland - had at hearthe
being at t$at very time known as one of
the friends of the treaty a
its favor." We here quote from the Quar
terly, thought at the risk of making our
own article too long. V ?; -
The United States had, at thirperiod,
in Paris; -an ambassador congeniafn
feelingra'nA' principles ;toM: Guizot
we meau Gein. Cass. It would betray lis
into too intricate a labyrinth of details, to
jexplaiuj the secret" mano3Uvres of ihe
iDlomaticfGeneralahd diplomatic Hui
gucnotl who, about this time, labored stre-
nuousiy in common, to attain an uujeubarr
dently desired by both-They who ha vquence of a flock of wolves chasing theostTl
been accriiomed to givc:M. Guizot crcd-ldef across the prairies, f
IWSXy.A CHECK CTOS H.IVOCa V. -f - RciXIS. - DO THIS, AITD LdBERTT - '
S A-IjlSBtJRY ;ITV.KG.V: JUNE ;'21p 1845:
it for sincerely desiring the suppression of
the slave trade; would.be slow: tct conjee
ture what that .object' was ; tbongh-the
peculiar character of American diploma
cy might, if carefully considered, iserve as
an unerring index to the truth. M. . Gui
zot had hitherto figured in- the jiplitical,
world as an ardent abolitionist,! and," as
such, would undoubtedly have beqn lynch
ed byvGen. Cass, had he caught him. any
where - convenient' in the backwoods.
Butsthe necessities of office, like those of
poverty', make men acquainted with
strange bed-fellows.' Thus, in 'the win
ter of 1841-42, we find the abolitionist,
Guizot, and the anti-abolitionist, Cass,
without a single; thought of lyncljing each
other, cordially co-operating, together for
the accomplish me nt of some conuirion pur
pose. 'Their numerous conference soon
proved prolific. The worthy General con
ceived thef idea of becoming an; author ;
and having been long in labor with a man
uscript, was at length delivered of it, and
astonished the world by the prodigious
birth. It was a pamphlet against the
Right of Search. Every one who knew
the reputed author felt surprise! at the
cleverness of his Supposed production. It
popular in France, through the! dash of
clever vulgarity which pervaded! itJ But
was Gen. Cass really the author ? f The
reader shall judge. While the pamphlet
was in preparation, the American ambas
sador was constantly observed circulating
to and fro between his own hote and the
residence of the foreign minister, jwith the
tip of a roll of manuscript frequently peep
ing forth from his pocket. Day after day
they were closeted for hours together, and
the subject of their amicable discussion
was, in most cases, the treaty Irecently
signed in London. M. Guizot laid open
all the difficulties of his position to the
American, and, with those powers of lo
gic which he must beacknovvldgetl to
have at his command, soon convinced him
of two things ; first, that it would be high
ly politic for General Cass to Vulgarize
and father M. Guizot's pamphlet; and,
second, that it would be advantageous to
both parties for him still to affect, some
time longer, hostility to the slave trade.
Having thus come to an Understanding,
the two great diplomatists proceeded forth
with to play their respective parts the
American to get up a powerful and wide
spread agitation against the Eight of
Search, and the Frenchman gradually and
gracefully to yield to the force Of public
Throughout the long tissure of invec
tive in which this journal indulges, now
against M. Guizot; the French! Govern
ment and people, and then against the
United States, one thing is4romincntIy
apparent and that is a feeling of woun
ded pride, a sense of humiliation, an irri
tated, touchy betrayal of mortification at
the thought that England has been baf
fled in her right of search pretension, and
absolutely compelled to abandon it. This
uneasy- consciousness, this worrying re
collection, is ever uppermost. It breaks
out in splenetic railings against the Peel
administration, after venting itsel fin show
ers of abuse on this Republic! and on
France. It charges Lord Aberdeen with
having yielded - to the menaces of the
United States the first relaxation jof a prin
ciple, by a conscientious devotion to which
Great Britain has acquired herj greatest
glory." Nor is Lord Ashburton spared;
denunciation reaches its acme on his head.
Those articles in the treaty pf Wash
ington which give up the right jof search
" in deferenceo the United States," are
declared to constitute " the monument of
his guilt." It is evident, adds the Quar
terlv that "every word was conceived
and brought forth in shame, and that the
deepest possible sense of humiliation ac
companied the signing of the convention."
.. . i
Lioru AsnDurton must nave oeen conscious
f that he was signing the death warrant
of his own fame." In such a spirit and
tone is the leading article of the la$tFor
eign Quarterly. I1 j
. . . i
Illegal-Voting. At the late term of the
Superior Court in Sumter counsays the
Southern Recorder, two men, Poler and
Fiztpatrick, were convicted of Illegal vo
ting at the last fall election, ancTsentenc
ed to the Penitentiary for one year each.
This is believed to be the first example of
this sort in Georgia, although so long and
so frequently demanded by the public in-
terests.; TbeT lav; against ;nieai l vqung
sbamefull v nesrlectedj that it
has almost been considered a dead letter
on our statute book. That invaj uable and
fundamental political right of freemen, se
cured by th r elective franchise, ; without
reference to the property ,7lhbugh dearly
won, Iias been too lightly prizejd, tnd we
devoutly hope that this proof that (the law
is not a mere formality, may be salutary
in preventing7 the future breach ofj it. w ! -"
, jr -t. - Augusta (Ga.) Sentinel.
'-" ? j ' : ' : - 1
Pavins the Piper. Col. Jamet H. Piper, of
the Virginia Senate, has been rewarded by Mr,
Polk with a lucrative otnee lor nis xcpioco iser-
vices in the late campaign.0
yGreat Despatc?--Wolves.--& Wfsf onsin ed
itor acknowledges the receipt of Cobgressional
-j ' ' j.:...' - j r i mill:' in enniA.
aocumenis " in auvaucta u "
RAZOR STROP MAN'S SPEECH,
i . J C 'Before the . Wathingtonian. ' .
Henry Smith, the famous f. Razor Strop
Man," spoke' before the AVashingtoniahs
on Monday evening. Inasmuch as a deep-
interest nas oeen exciieuwuu respect to
the history of jthis reformed inebriate (for
such he does not shrinks from declaring,
like some half-way men.) we .concluded
to report the" main facts of his experi
ence." ; Here they are : '
I will tell you, said he, how l came tc
be a teetotaler. One of my shopmates
came to me one day when, at work, arid
asked me to go to a temperance meeting
with him.1 I said I would if he would lend
me a shilling to get some beer; he said
he would iM would not spendit till - the
meeting was over. I told him I wouldn't;
he lent me one. When I got home, I told
my wife I was going to the temperance
meeting, but I did not like to go in the old
jacket ; would she go and get the loan of
her brother's coat ? she went and got it ;
I put it on ; asked how it fitted ? Slie said
very well ; so it did, round the waist, but
the sleeves were some three or four inch
es too short. I found out a way to make
that all right, by stuffiing my hands in my
pants' . pockets. As I was going, to the
meeting, ;I did not think of being a
temperance man. I did not say, " wife,
all the wretchedness and miser that I
have su tiered has been endured through
strong drink." I did not say, wife, if it
was'nt for strong drink, I might5 always
been respectable." I did not say, "If 1
do not leave off drinking, strong drink, I
must come to the work-house or prison, or
to the gallows, for I got worse and worse."
I did not say, " wife, it is all through strong
drink that I have to shove my hand into
my pants to hide the shortness of my coat
sleeves V No; I did not say any of these
things ; but I had hold of the shilling, and
1 thought what I would do with it when
the meeting was over ; I thought I would
go to the tavern, and spend it when the
meeting was out ; got to the church where
the meeting was held ; some one opened
the pew door ; I should not if they had
not ; I kept my hands in my pockets. The
meeting commenced ; Mr. Whitaker from
Manchester h reclaimed drunkard, spoke;
he told of the many troubles he had seen
through strong drink, and said how happy
and comfortable he might always have
been, had it not been for strong drink ; and
he said, " if there is any one in this meet
ing that has suffered from strong drink, I
would say to him try temperance," for,
aid he, " no man knows any thing about
temperance except he try it." Then, for
the first time, I began to think it was all
through strong drink that I had to borrow
the coat ; I began to think it was all thro'
strogg drink that I had to set there with
my hands in my pants pockets. (Cheers.)
When the meeting was over, I told my
wife, I would try it for one month ; I did,
and at the end of the -month I found my
self much more comfortable. When I
was a drunkard, wife cried, father cried,
mother cried, Ann cried, Mary cried, Ted
cried;! but I had not been a temperance
man only a month before wife sung, fa
ther sung, mother sung, John sung, Ann
sung, Mary sung, Ted sung, and grand
father sung, and I sung, and I bought a
trying pan, ana 1 put il on uie nre, ana l There is at present a door, and one grated win
put a good steak in it, and that sung, and f'dow, and even now it appears to be a sufficient,
that is the singing for a working man, j y secure confinement the walls being five
when he is hungry. Finding myself much .1
Z . ju ij r'
Detter, 1 weni ana signeu tue pieugc ior
life, with the help of God I shall hold on.
If there should be any lady or gentle
man in this meeting this evening, that ne
ver saw a drunkard's home and furniture, I
will tell them what sortof a place it is.
Here Mr. Smith recited, with immuta-
fble effect, the satirical poem, entitled
r Tne urunKara s iiome, wuicu wc
for convenience, caused to be inserted in
our Humorists' Book. ' V,
; WhenjlGfst got acquainted with strong
drink,1 it promised to do great things, for
ine. I it promised . me libeVtj--arid I got
libertiji I had the liberty to see my toes
poke out otmy boots--the. water bad the
liberty to go in at the toes, and out at the
heels--niy .knees had the liberty to come
out of my pantsf-my elbows' had the lib
erty to come out of my coat I had the
liberty to lift the crown of .my.' hat, and
scratcli my head without . pulling my hat
off. Not only liberty Igot, but I got mu
sic, when r walked along on V windy fay
the crown of. .
. f . My!ht would go flippery flap, - - - - S
'-: : . A Ja thm nnA whistle. " How do VOU iaT " . .
t; ; :fA Lauh.) ' - '
; "r i--v';, r -''.v
- NEW- SERIES,-'- -"
NUJIBEUiS, OP VOLUJIE H:
A man that kept a 'becr-shop in Eng.
land, had the sign of the bee-hive hung up
over bis door, arid omc "poetry'-urider it.
It was a vefv bad fiouse, arid a very bad
kt s- 'mt ' :
ijumi uiai, Krju-ir. - TPxnis is ine verse ue
had under the bee-nivcY ' - "
, p-f- 't v -: - . kvi 5r
-r " Within this hive, we're aU alive ;
- Good tiqaor makes as funny ; (v ' ' -'.
' If you uredry; eoine in, &ad try y 'z i'l
The virtue of our boaey . " : .V" .
I think that poetry was not right, , -It
ought to have been something like this: .
Within this hive, we're dead andTiUve, i ..'T
L Bad liq'ior makes oa funny ; ' , .
If you're dry, step in, and we'll try : ;
To diddle you out f your money, v ; -
(Loud laughter and cheers.) -The
speaker illustrated a portion of his
remarks with a retort or rriiniature still,
with which he extracted the pure alcohol
from wine and burnt it with admirable ef
fect, in the presence Of the audience. lie
also took occasion to cornmend, in warm
terms, the new order of teetolalIers,known
as the " Sons of Tempcrance.,' lie was
repeatedly interrupted with loud and hap
py applaUse, which made the hall ring a
gain. It was a glorious time not only for
the Washingtonians, but for the friends of
Temperance generay, who were present
in immense numbers.- Baltimore Satur
From the Ncwhemian. 1
THE IRONS OF COLUMBUS.
We have experienced mingled feelings of
surprise and grief, at the arrival in our own
town, of a part of the iron bolt to which the
noble discoverer ; of America, Christopher
Columbus, wa. chained in the City of St. Do;
mingo, and upon learning how this rare and in
teresting relic came among us. The death of
our lamented young townsman, Robert S.
Moore, late Purser iu the Navy of the United
States and attached to the ship Vandalia, has
been too recent tor have been forgotten by tny
of us. During the last cruise of that ship, he
visited the -'City, of .St. Domingo, and with a
laudable and. becominjyiosity, he spied out
all " the lions " of that ancient place, and re
corded in his Journal which he kept with great
fidelity and minute - accuracy, his visit to the
dungeon in which Columbus was confined, and
where by dint of great perseverance and assi-
J duily, he obtained the interesting relic to which
we have alluded. Upon his death, the iron
bolt, with his journal and other valuable articles
were forwarded by the proper authorities to his
relatives here, who have kindly permitted as to
make the following extracts from his journal,
which we have no doubt will be perused witbT
great pleasure uot only by his many friends and
acquaintances here, but others abroad. After
giving an interesting account of.the city of St.
Domingo, its harbour, &c, and a pleasant in.
lerview with an American merchant whom he
found residing there, the journal states :
" Mr. A. went with, me to visit the tower in
which .Columbus was confined. On our way
we met a party of officers from the ship, return
ing from the same place ; the first Lieut. II.
was among them. As he was going on board,
I requested him to send the ship's armorer to
me, with a sledge. hammer, and a f;w cold chis
els. The entrance to the tower is through a
large arched gateway in the barracks, which
are very extensive, and would, I think, accom
modate from twenty to twenty-five thousand
troops. Passing through the gate and crossing
a court -yard, we came to the tower, and as
cended at once to the prison of the immortal
Colon. It is a square room measuring 15 feet
each way, with an arched roof ;he ceiling be.
ing about twenty-five feet high ; it has a square
hole at top through which food, &c, was low.
ered to the illustrious captive, as at that time
; there was neither door nor window in the room.
ioick. ana ong.y uarreu w.oaow a
"out Sllty 'eet ""otn tno gua, and the doo
double, aftd each very stout ; the two' eye-bolts
through which the chains with which he was
confined passed, were still in the wall, but had
been cut off as close as " curious or scientific"
persons could-manage. It was left forme to
commit the barbarity of digging them out. The
bolts were in opposite sides of the room, driven
into the end of blocks of wood, which were built
into solid masonry, and would square about 8 S
inches. After examining theother parts of the
tower, we walked over the . town, and several
convents and monasteries were pointed out to
me. I bad not time then to explore them, as I
wished to return and take a sketch of the tow
er and 'procure the bolts. " We accordingly j
came back to M r. As. and leaving birn at bome, k
I returned, took my sketch, and when I saw thej
boat coming, went to the wharf and brmighhf
ui) the armorer. Mr. II. had sent the cold t
chisels as I requested-iustead of shaip wood
chisels ;-as 'I had not seen nhc chamber, hei
fore asking for them, I could not know that the
bolts were driven in worfd, but supposed .the m
tcvbe "confined in ' the masonry with lead. I
passed through the gate before the guard, with
my man "and sledge hammer, in fear and trem
bling fear that I would be stopped, arid trem
bling in anticipation of.my disappointment, hut
we passed unmolested, and w ent into the room
and commenced operation s4h e jhamniering
again frightened rne,"fi)rl thought itjikely that
1 would be stopped. ' The prize However i con
sidered worthy of the risk, and had the authon-!
ties interfered, I intended, in the most innocent
manner, to make the most polite, and jsatisfac-
... ... .--.- 1 ' t ':.' T-
tory apology in the world, ana vanisn, r car-
interruption,' order to secure ' somcl-lin-'' W
valuable, I picked.up the cMp? anJ mortar, de- " !
tached as we progressed, and car efully put them?1
m. paper ; but finally when without interrruption- I '
the first bolt, was broken uiT about two inches .
below the surface,! veuly believe, that Columl ' -bus
himselt was not more, flighted when ho' '
first saw the, land of our western hemisphere, !
than I was, when I clutched that bolt. I diJn't f
stop to examine it tho, but led the armorer to i !
th othcr,"desiring him to get that also, which"1 I
was aaic5ixlibgly done, and without interruption. ;
This 'was not so large as the other. 1 pave it ?:
to Mr. II.- as his perquisite for sending the ar-r ri
morer." . . . . 4tAfor my fiiat, f -
I was alt impatience. to get on board again, to
stow'away the bolt; and to dress for a hall lo'f"!
which we .were invited in the evening." r- ,t '
V ' : ; - i ' v .'ip11.
,J "I came on, board at eleven .to-day with my ( ;
trophies, and went on shore again to procure a ' V
COrtlfifn.te fnim tnfnn inno in tfhrr!fr r rrn ri n rr t r.L'
tho iron ' bolt, ag-r intend tor'n'resent it to tl
- WkS.W " - J " - & j -
i.iiiuti.i itisuiuie, ana wanicu lue mci oi, ns s
being the bona Jide bolt through which Colum.-
cornet wairflying. Althdngh I have been walk.
chams were passed, to be bevond a noes- r-- I
tiori.i obtained this certificate in Spanish "from V
the Government Intcrprcter)Ve had tocom
away a lid very unwilling,' can assure you, V'f4 v ;
was to leave, bufa Wn hadbeen fired, and the "tt v '
ing and eirnining incessantly since our arrival ... ;
here, comparatively nothing has betn seen j be;' -4 .;
side I had planned6ome pretty, rides ?.vith -.
Mrst Ai, ono to a4 beautiful "grotto, abburthrca 4
miles from the town. - Iloweverj I have the -i.
consolation of knowing "thatduring our short 1 '
stay, I was indefatigabloanddid more in tho' t
research line, than any, of. my messmates," I rj lt
WESTERN . ilEROIXES..
- Cixcixati, May 12tii 1845. ;
Mr. Cist : As opportunity now ofiers, I will '.
proceed to redeem my promise1 by-giving jou
another of 01d rn WitkinVi
the Illinois river, near two hundred miles from
its junction with the Mississippi the ro lived at
the time I write ot, an old pioneer, 'known in .
those days 'as' 41 Old Parker thi0squaUer."niis V
family consisted of a wife and. tbreo children' ? v
L-the oldest a boy of nineteen; a girl of se venteen 3 ".-4
ana me youngesi a ooy oi louneen. ine nmec .
of which we write, Parker arid his r oldest boy : i
had gone in companylwith thrcej Indians onTi1;
hunt, expecting to be absent "some five or six
days. ' The third day after the departure, one " : .
of tho Indians returned to Parker's houspcamo. : v i
in and sat himself down by the fire, lit his pipe ? '
and commcriccd smoking insilcnceMrs. Par- i 1
ker thought nothing of this, as it waVno uncom- f j
mon thing for one, of sometimes , more of a par- " 5 t -ty
of Indians to returnbruptly,. frpmira hunt, at - ; ,f
some sign they might consider ominousTof" bad-; S
luck, and in such instances we re Vot ! vcrycom-' T-i -munlcative.
But at last: the Indiaa broke si" A r.
lencejwith " ugh, old Parker die." i-.This ex.;
ciamauon urcw iurs. laruer s imguuvn, who
directly enquired of tho Indian 'whatt the mat.?
ier wiiu rarner i i ne inaian responuea, rar -
ker sick, tree fell;cn him, you go, he'die.-; Itfrs. 'j I
Parker then asked the Indian if Parker sent tot"4r.':Al':
her, and where he was. The reijlies fthd & i
Indian somewhat aroused heriSusplcionsShe ;;
however came to the conclusion to send lierson!
with the Indian to 8es; what was" tbomatteri jVs
The- boy and Indian ste rted. , .That ritghl passed,
and the next day-too, and neither the hoybr In-
dian returned. This, confirmed Mrsl Parker in si
Iir nnininn. fht fliprrt'wn fiml nlav'fln nji rt r ?$ '
of the Indians. v- So she arid herdayghter wenfvi -ta
work and barricaded the door and -windows r"
in thabest wav thecould.? The roundest bovViW?"
rifle was the only one left he not having ' taken ,;tt j
it with him when he left to see after his father
The old lady took the rifle- the ''daughter; tho'tf
axe, and thus armed, they determined. to watch""
through the night, and defend themselves if he- '
ccssary. TheyJiad not long to wait after night f
fall, for shortly after that, some one commenced
knocking at the door, crying outf mother ! moth- K T
er ! but Mrs. Parker thought the voice. was not i's ' I
exactly that of her son in orjcrtoascertaini:;; r
the fact, she said, "Jake, wliere arf theilndi- - 1
ans 1" Tho reply, which was; "Mm gone," I
satisfied her on that point. She then said as f ' j
ing to her son, put j-our ear to the latch- f j
hole, 1 want to tell you something before I open ' V '
the door. The head was placed at the -Iatch- J
hole and the old lady fired her rifle through the
same! spot,and killed an Indian. , She ep;ed
back from the door instantly and it w" well
she aid.so, for quicker than I have penned; the tk f
last two words, two rifle' bullets came crashing1 vfe
throuah the door. The old lady then said to her t
daughter, thank God, there is but two, I must
have killed the one at thejdoorT-liey- must bo I; 4!;
the three who went on the hunt with vour father. ri.
If we can onlv kill or cripple another' one, of.. ' '
them, we will be safe; nowwc must both i bo vf;
still after they fire again, and They will then " KT
break the door down, and Lmay be able to shoot v
another one ; but if I miss them when getting , "
in, you must use the axe. ,The daughter equal-
Itf nnpi rrn mi a u'ifh hr mrtlhP. A ettirfn htr i ha f
,j - ----- - -,-:7-tt;- . I s
she would. Soon after this conversation, two
more rifle bullets camfe cra&hing through the
window. A deatb-fike stillness.eniucd fbr a-
uout fire minutes, when "two more '..balls; quick
succession were fired through the door, then
followed a tremendous purichingwilh "a log, tho
door gave way andHftith a fiendish yell an Indi.
an was about to spring in, when the line rring ri-
He, fired by thegallant old lady, stretched In ;
lifeless body, across the threshold of the door, '
The retnainiog, or more propcrlyvfuh ivirig - In- !
dian, fired at random and ran, doinuo injury.
Now."- said the old heroine to her undaunted':'
daughter, ' ".we must leave.". ' Accordingly with ': if
the rifle and the axe, they went to the, rivertook1- I
the canoe, and without a mouthful of provision '
except one wild duck and two black.liirdswhichl jr 1
the mother shot, arid which were eaten raw. did j' i
these two courageous hearts in six days arrive;;L
among the old Trench settlers at St Louis;r-.r'-
A party of uhout a dozen men crossed over into
Illinois, and after an unsuccessful search, return
ed without finding eithcr(Parkcr or his boys.-
They were never found.1 -There nrs yet some
of the old settlers in the neighborhood oi reorm,
who still poii.t out tho spot , where old t arker
the squatter " lived: - ll?spe.ctiu..iyt,
1 j -
n - i
t i - -