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Carolina watchman. volume (Salisbury, N.C.) 1832-1867, December 19, 1845, Page 1, Image 1

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'.' .- - tf ( J To Dollirs per annara in advance JLrtijementi inserted at $1 per aquarefor the first. , cents ior cacu wi"" - w? i Ruction of 33 J per cent, will be made ;to those b, ;jrtu by the thV''".,V' - .' - - ' jWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS.: FIRST SESSION.. - . ' ; 1 . . . v-s - Correspondence of the Baltimore American. : WASHIX6TOX, Dec. 4, 1845. ! ' p UNITED STATES SENATE - fl,e journal having been read, the President . .j before the '"Senate a communication from J?fl Secretary of War, in reply to a resolution j the 4th of March la stalling upon that offi cr lor information relative to the enlargement thtf fort a"d military posts on Lake Huron, ch was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. ' . u .r-"'- '.-.-V ' The President having left the chair it was oc Lte4 by Mr. Sevjier, of Ark. V 't. J jfr. Bagby. of Ala., asked leave tv withdraw papers from the files of the Senate, which tl granted. V"" ''.. '..'.' " -- jlij. Breese, of II!., called up the resolution wtolore flered by hyn, to suspend so much of Jje 34tn ruie-as '..requirra mo ciecuun oi me .ndip2 committers by ba Tot, and give the ap pointment thereof to the President of theen- fr. Mangum, o IN. C, said that he had in. i,wd the hope, from a suggestion made by him yesterday to the mpver of the resolution that it tmld not foe niessVd "upon the Senate. lie ad Ho personal objection to the action of the PresMent of the Senate, and did not know that jt'wdukl vary the character of the committees to bare them appointed by him 'but he consid ered ibe resolution! as taking from the Senate a purer which rightfully hebni to it, and try giv iurtbat power to an 8verTnot responsible to it, ibe Senate not only-abdicawa it rightful privU Jfffirjbut lowers its dignity. . v ; j. : M Allen, of Ohio, naid that lefore replying to the Senator from North Carolina, lie desired loiaytha this resolution emanated from no ducus of ibe Democratic members of Ihe Sen ate, and was the dictate of no party.; V Mr. A I Vi then proceeded to the question of resonst Wi'iy, and contended that thfe Vie President, ilthouph' not responsible to the Ixidy over which be presides, had a much higher responsibility--, be was responsible to the States and to the peo ple. I ' ' -;; . . T - ' . ". ' - - Mr. Breeee said that in submitting his reso lution he did not suppose that any opposition to it would le excited. It, was, not his intention 6 rescind the 34th rule -a rule which he high ly approved of, as it gave to the Senate the pow er to appoint its Standing Committees S pow er which it was desirable shmild be exercised when the political opinions of: the Presiding of. 6 r were not in accordance with those of a ma jority of t hat bodyj r ' Mr. Benton' followed in opposition to the re m1utton,an(i upon the question leing put, Mr. Mngt?m demanded the yeas and nays, which vere ordered and the resolution was lost ayes 20, noes 21.'. , . . ' On motion of Mr. Manmim, the Senate re- wlvedl to proceed the election of the Standing Committees on Monday next. : The resolution offe red yesterday by Mr. Speight was taken up and adopted. - Mr,r Erans, of Maine, gave notice of his in. tentfon to introduce sundry bills. x The Senat then adjourned over to Monday. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker anounce;d the business in order to be the Resolution of the gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. CobW,) regulating the selection of Seats. ,y; :'. Mr, Bayly, of Va., said he was prbdundly ig. (rant of the sulyectof printing, nrtd he asked lobe excused from serving on the ' Committee on that subject. " The House' granted the re tjueit. " -r 'V ;' t CONTESTED SEATS. -". Mr. Cobb, of Ga., 'moved fir the considera. tim nf the Resolution offered by him onTues lay last, proposing that. the seats betaken by Mtery, and that the Clerk draw, for the mem lr. Oltjcclions were made tothe consideration tif the Resolution, biit the previous question was 'moved nnd seconded upon it. W Mr; Gentry raised an amusing point of order, Mch was the 39lb rule prohibiting any mem Wfrm voting upon any question, nxvhich he rimmediatejy interested. Every was mem--jw interested in this question of seats, and there wwas nbt qualified to virteaipon it. " ' The Speaker overruled this objection, and al- one or two raised upon the - Constitutional pwnd of tested rights, possession, &c. motion was -then made to lay the resolution BN the table and Iostayeir 88, noes 113. C . The yeas ar.d jnavs were then" ordered upon 'w adoption of the Resolution, and the rote was "Ho 77. . ftoa : the execution of the order was then com menceu amidst many interniptions. At the . "Cgestibn of ono of the members all rose and i fIlL,,he seats vacant, and as the names were read I me Uerk selections were made. The mem displayed: great eagerness to obtain the ftuts, ' which were, as in most lotteries, few spared with the-blanksi. Ir. Adams's name amon? the last read. 'but through llip pmir. 2, ' 'he Ifouse no one chose his usual seat. . (iW Dlfflpa tinvinir nit Imaii rrnnA ikrminh "n, the house nroceeded to the consideration ."wner iMisinesTs. Wr. Owen, of la., gave notice that he would, 'Otfifi fut iiro duv. introdii TtiH in n1iiwn w Smithsonian Institute. ; ' y ?!' piles, of MdM moved that ten thousand ttr copies of the President's message be print ft'f uch portions of it as relate to Mexico y Texas. He considered this portion of the 'JeSa as immensely important, and as the J'nt oftb United States had invited the y81 attention of Congress to the subject; a ?iu'e cull not be placed in possession of T'oocurnents and Message before the end of ;un, ne boned that the extra copies would furnished at the, earliest , practical . mo- It WAR lmrwrfonl llioi aajVtat ma a 00 lirl nn. . Uie subject rif "Mexico andTexas should be Tat homej and abroad. - - V Vnr'T 1D W? W1 by way of amendment, nt three thousand copies of the Message ern.hch was losV 'tltt, LPyneot" Ala., moved, as an amendment, Ctrt copies of tho Report of the ,yeLa7 of this Treasury be printed.- He con: rdinaJVa.m?ticxtraordinarJr Prt,-xtra-fcet .rr ;rm f s cogent reasoning and from the mif 11 the first, document hat ever fin? tUT the Treasury Departmentpproxima ni in docrines of Free Traded , Congress ere ;Ctii Pr thls uhject t least he hoped 1 70u,d.ho; some action upon itand that i! - 1 1 IE" ." 'BRUNERrfc JAMES,' Editors 4 Proprietors. ' Mr. Hopkins, of Ya. said that the usual num be r,f extra copies wa t?fri thousand, and though the document was an important one, he hoped that no more would be-ordered. Mr.Stewartof PaJik the 'niemlier fom A la I. a ma, regarded the? niiestitin as imrv.rtant, and he desired to test the strength of the House upon the question of printing 20,000 copies of an acknowledged free trade document. ' l A warrnrdelmte was bere likely to spring up, which however was put an end to by a motion fromVlr. Kennedy, of la., t adjourn.. Carried -ayes lOlrttoes not counted, and the House adjourned at half past three'until Monday next. From the Baltimore American. THE U. S. TREASURY REPORT; . We sball Ivfer to-day. to tnaf portion only of this document which relates to the Tariff. The Secretary is a special plead er, acute and ingeniouson particular points. His scope of vision does not seem to cover la large field atone view:, he looks at ob jects in detail. His faculty of analysis appears to he greater than his power of combination. He uses a microscope well ; hut a larger instrument would he rather un wieldly in his hands. -The basis of th Secretary's reasoningsi aKainsi uie .protective system is stmptv this: that protective duties operate, exclu sively for the benefit of a particular class, the manufacturers, and that they are con sequently a tax upon the rest of the com muiiity. If this position he sound there may be deferulers .f tjie system, but we are not or the number. The position is not sound ; it is without foundation; it is utterly fallacious. i Let. us hear the Secretary state his as sumed axiom. At least two thirds; of the taxes," says the report, imposed hy the present tariff are paid not into the trea sury, but to the protected classes. The revenue from imports last year exceeded twenty-seven millions of dollars. This. in itself, is a heavy tax; but the whole !tax imposed upon the people hy the present tariff is not less than eighty-one million of dollars ot which twenty-seven millions are paid to the government upon the im ports, and htty-four millions to the protec ted classes, in enhanced prices of similar domestic articles." Again the same view is presented ; If the Marshal," so runs the phraseology, were sent by the federal government to collect a direct tax upon thewhoIe people, to be paid over to manufacturing capital ists, to enable them to sustain their busi ness, or realize a larger profit, it would be the same in effect as the protective du ty, which, when analyzed in its simplest elements, and reduced to actual results, is . -4 a mere surjsiraciion ot so much money from the people, to increase the revenue of the protected classes. We are further told that the number of manufacturing capitalists wjio derive the benefit from the heavy taxesextracted by the tariff from twenty millions of peo ple, ooes not exceed ten thousand. Against the protective system, then, as thus defined, the Secretarv makes unre lenting war. - He arrays himself as tht advocate of the many against the few, of the poor against the rich, of the laborer against the employer ; and with such odds of numbers on his side, if he only had sense and justice and reason, he would be invin cible. j$ -. y Has the Secretary ever considered the (.question how or why protective duties hrst came to be laid in this country? Were they established by the influence of the manufacturing interest? There was no such interest. When the first memo- rial went from the city of Baltimore to theLte First Congress," sfgned by mechanics andl b artizans, asking for protection, did over grown capitalists prompt the movement ? Was G eorge Washington the dupe of a moneyed few when he recommended en couragement to domestic Industry and signed the first hill extending protection to manufactures ? Is no sentiment of pat riotism, no principle of sound policy to be imputed to Jefferson when he declared that our manufacturers must be put side by side with our farmers? Or in 1824 did General 'Jackson jspeak as the mouth piece of monopolists, when he wrote to I)r. Coleman that the best way to benefit the agriculturist was to extend his home j market by rearing up a manufacturing population on our own soil 7 , No ; that patriotic teeliug. that senti ment of independence, which prompted t hestruggle, for political freedom in Seventy-six gave rise to the first prganiza tion of the policy of protection to Ameri can industry. Ve were free in name on ly Avhije the shackles of commercial sub jugatipn hung around us. . What was the lesson taught us by the warof 1812? Let the tariff of 1816 answer. The wars opt he French revolution and of Napoleon, involving all Europe; had thrown a' large carrying trade into our hands; our mea sures of protection for home industry, suf- ncieni io lnuicate ine policy, r.were yet slight and imperfect, because -the condi tion of the European world rendered fur ther measures of that kind unecessary.- But the experience of three years of - hos ti lilies; -end ing in 1815, and the T cessation of war in Europe, demonstrated in a man ncr too forcible to be overlooked the true policy of this Republic in that particular. iptai mis very iDoaieniwucn rre ident of the U. States is'appealihg to tht s!d e. national spirit and to the patriotic I'eeling, ?:V Kezt acHcx crow axx xovx ' "TV ' , 1 -f . -. . . .. f . . . . 1 . . ..... . SALISBURY, N. G., DECEMBER 19, 1845 can bosom ; while he is assuming a posi tion of independence, almost of defiance, as to. the nations of-Europe, and to. the most powerful one ofjhem especially, warning, them t hat J he ' Great Republic stands' alone as the guardian of its, own destiny ; at Jhis very moment his Secreta ry the Treasury seeks to strike away the.. basis,oft our. self-sustaining strength and to bind anew those chains of depen denceUpon foreign countries: which the genius of our nationality would shake off. Mistaken interpreter of the public sen timent ! . You have coldly felt the pulse of the American People. Your appeals to social prejudices, to class jealousies, to the pretended rivalry of interest the com mon staple of demagogues on the build- nigs win oe overpowed and hist in the grand resounding tone which rises, as rise it must, when the true patriotic chord in. the heart of this nation is struck. The time is at hand when the American Re public must stand on a basis all its own, and be sure of every part of it. It can look for no sympathies from monarchical . .1 1 Europe : n musi journey aione on ine nign road to its destiny. Let us then beware of those dangerousalliances of trade which would entangle us in the meshes of for eign policy; which would establish our workshops in Europe and render us de pendent on foreign labor for articles of daily use. which our own artizans and manufacturers can furnish as well. ; But we need not refer merely to the ex perience of our country which prompted to the establishment of the protective pol icy. We have had experience the other way also. The beau ideal of Mr. Secre tary Walker's fancy, the full consumma tion of his theories and abstractions, has been realized in all its beauty and excel lence. .. Fortunate indeed I The indefati gable zeal which prompted the restless Secretary to collect information from all quarters, except those where he could get the best as to the probable consequences r.t .1 01. ine oven n row -01 protection, may oe gratified by a slight retrospect. All his interrogatories sent through the post office to all parts of the counlry, may find their full answer in the annals of Mr. Van Bu ren's administration.' What need of the ones, doctrines, deductions when one can have realities and facts ? Whence came the prostration of the country during that memorable epoch of low duties and free importations ? What caused the indebt edness of our merchants abroad to the a mount of hundreds of millions for which specie was drained from the country ? How came the present national debt into existence ? Why were the treasury notes issued hy millicns to meet the expenses of the Van Buren Administration ? How happened it that drafts of the government for inconsiderable sums lay unpaid and dishonored because of an empty treasury ? Look back to that period of humiliation and shame, we beg of you, men in power, and contemplate it well before you en force measures to restore its abominable features again. The same party now holds the reins of government. Are they not satisfied with having once destroyed the national prosperity 1 Are they in love with ruin? Mr. Walker says that the wages of labor were not increased by the tariff of 1842. Does he mean that asser tion to -be believed ? Will he tell how many laboring men there were, just be fore the enactment of that tariff, without any wages 1st all ? When the secretary ararues mat me rest of the community are taxed for the benefit ot the manufacturers, to the ex- ent which he pretends, his reasoning is based on the assumption that the duty is added to the price of the import and also of its domestic rival. 1 his is a favorite dogma of the Bundlecund" school of po litical economists, and it might be a very good one if facts did not contradict it a misfortune which attaches to most of the assumptions of that school. Instead of adducing instances in which the above maxim is not true we beg to know a sin gle instance in which it is true. Do we hear any complaint of the high prices ot goods caused by the tariff ? Or is all the nation, as Mr. ISarnwell Khett assured his constituents they were I he most oppress ed people under the sun, yet they did not know if. The Secretary is kind to give lectures on misery to awaken the people to a knowledge of their own sufferings, which he feels more keenly than they do. He is like the eloquent lawyer who re counted .the grievances of his client in such touching words that the latter burst into tears and declared that he had not before known he was such a miserable man. M The occasional fall in price," says Mr. Walker, of some article after a ta riff, is no proof that this was the effect of the tariff, because, from improved machi nery, diminished prices of the raw mate rial, or other causes, prices may fall even after a tariff, but ihey would in such ca ses have fallen much more but for the ta riff." , . ; It might have occurred to Mr. Walker that the fall in price of protected articles not " occasional merely, but the natural result of protection if he had considered the true principle upon which our protec tive system is (based. , That principle is hot to build up artificial interests for the benefit of monopolists ;.it is to build up no interest ior wnica mere i in T- -4 RCIKSS. Do THIS. AJTO LlSEXTT V ; J Gen'i. Hcrrimm. " ductions of the country, j It presumes a confidence in native ingenuity and indus try, that when the raw material is at hand we shall he able in a short time to man ufacture so well and so cheaply as to ren der the protective duty no enhancement of the price at all. That this result has followed in many instances is known ev ery, where except at the Treasury Depart ments ,1 X.' The Secretary affirms that the State of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, if cultivated to their fullest extent, i could, of themselves, raise more than sufficient food to supplj' the entire home market. Yet he would have the manufacturers turned into far mers. The exuberance of our agricultur al productions is one - strong reason why other pursuits should be encouraged. We may get access to foreign markets in ca ses of great scarcity abroad, but for the most part our farmers have to rely upon the home market. Even when England imports flour, the Baltic countries, near at hand, can supply her before we can- un less there be a scarcity, as at present, in the latter. But we have not rdom for farther comments on the Treasury Report just now. r LATE FROM EUROPE. The arrival at Boston of the steamship Cam bria, from Liverpool, furnishes accounts from Europe fifie!) days later than before received. Among her passengers is Professor Morse, the inventor of the electro-magnetic telegraph, who is the hearer of despatches to Govern ment from the United States Legations in Prus sia, Belgium, and England. Mr. Morse has in charge the ratified treaty between Bavaria and the United States, transmitted by Mr. Wheaton, our Minister at Berlin ; and also the proposed commercial treaty between-Belgium and the United States. He has also despatches for the Department of State, and for the Postmaster General, from Mr. McLane, our Minister in England. ' Rufus Primo, Esq. of New York, also came passenger in the Cambria, and is the bearer of despatches from the United States Legation in Tans to the 'Department of State. In England the grain market had been well sustained,, but it does not appear that prices of flour and grain bad actually advanced. The cotton market remained about the same as at our last accounts. Meetings have Wen held in Ireland to take into consideration the state of the potato crop of the country ; and resolutions were passed, and submitted to Sir R. Peel, asking for the open ing of the . ports, the stopping of the distillation of grain, and the granting of a loan of a mill ion and a half to supply the present necessities ot the people, " The Railway Speculations had very gener ally subsided, and it is said that the amount of money actually diverted from the usual chan nels of trade is extremely small ; which circum stance has, to some extent, tended to quiet the money market. The Bank of England had raised the rate of discount to 3 percent. Marshal Soult, the French Minister of War, has resigned, and General Saint You has been appointed successor. The accounts from Algeria chow that the French arc still busy making the most ample preparations for the subjugation of the inhabi tan s . The King of the Belgians has been opening the Chambers in a speech which makes men tion of a commercial treaty with the United States ; but the details of the treaty have not appeared. The state of the potato crop, and the sufferings which, it is feared, the Belgians will endure in consequence, are to le provided for, the King suggests, by employing the poor on public works. The new tariff of the Zoll-Verein has been published, but has excited little attention in En gland. As regards the United States, the in creased duties will not affect the importations. The transit duties on cotton have been reduced by the Hanoverian States. Advices from St. Petersburg of the 4th No vember state that the latest news from the Cau casus is of more favorable character than had previously leen received. The Emperor was in Italy, with his wife and daughter, and du ring his absence nothing of importance could be transacted. THE NEWS BY THE CAMBRIA. The Journel of Commerce" states, on the authority of an intelligent merchant of the city ofjNew York, who has been spending the last eight months in Europe, and had the best op. portunitiesof observationihat the excitement in England was universal against the United Slate on the subject of Oregon. The Govern, ment was making the most vigorous prepara tions for war, and unquestionably with refer ence alone to the Oregon dispute ; as with France, and all the nations of Europe, she is without controversy on any subject. A very large contract had been made, among other things, for military clothing in Canada. Indeed, it was said that the Government were determin ed upon the necessity of settling the difficulty without further delay.' ' I The same paper further states that ' the opin ion of the passengers to whom the President's Message was read, on board the Cambria, was, that it would very much increase the excitement in England, and increase the difficulty of an amicable settlement." THE ENGLISH MARKET FOR BREADSTUFFS. It seems that the Government of Great Brit- Win has come to the conclusion not to open the ports for the free admission of grain at present. It is inferred from this that, bad as things are in that country,' they are' not quite so bad as has been represented.' The European Times says that the fine weather .which" has ruled in the country during the last fortnight has enabled the ; NEW SERIES,-. Jf :l " ,"NUJ NUMBER "34, OP VOLUME IK 1 the disease to which the potatoes are subject, and; muck good has bcen.done in the way of sar. ingwhat was thought to hare. been irrecovera blyloit : The same paper says -' The corn market continues to rise, and the averages to lalU ' Tbe latterfnow stand for the week at 14s. ; but the belief; if gaining ground that before the end of the year, with the advanc ing market, corn wid be admitted at the lowest duty a shilling per quarter. The inferior de. scriptions continue to keep down the averages, but only for a temporary period. The quantity of flour coming from the United States to this country has Ween most absurdly exaggerated in some of. the journals. - ; i In Spain, the Cortes are convoked fW the 15th , The Cabinet, it is said, will be sure to have an imposing majority throughout the ses sion. 1 he harvest m Spam has 1 been atxind- ant, and general surprise is felt that the Eng. ish Government does not send there Tor the sup plies of which it has need, in preference to r ranee, Germany, or Uussia. The Mammoth Steamer.h-z-The steamship Great Britain, which left Ndw York on the 28th October, arrived at Liverpool on the morn ng of the lUth of the following month, having made the passage in nineteen and a half days. Two days after leaving New York something was found wrong with the propeller, which was striking the stern-post very hard. The engines were reversed, and alter two or three-good thumps the arm broke off- The ship then con tinued nn her way, with low steam, for two days more, when another oft he arms of the propeller broke, leaving only one, and Ihe arm of another. The mosf was then made of the sails, and the propeller was just kept from dragging. On the 6th of November the temaining arm of the pro peller broke, leaving only the half arm J he steamer consequently performed a great part of her passage by means of her sails, which per formed admirably. Mods. Mongkl, a French engineer, has re ceived orders from the Viceroy of Egypt to com mence the stupendous work of the barrage of the If lie. The estimated cost is three millions of dollars. The Paris Moniteur publishes a long ordin ance, establishing a Jewish Consistory at Al giers, with Provincial Consistories at Oran and Constantina, whose joint authority is to extend to all the Jews in Algeria. The ordinance at so decrees the creation of schools and Sallesd' Asile, in Algeria, for the Jews of both sexes. Hudson Bay Produce. -The annual impor tations into England of furs and skins by the Hudson's Bay Company has just taken place One of their vessels, the Prince Albert, arrived at London in the beginning of last month, and the other vessel, the rrtnee liupert, arrived a few days previously, with immense cargoes of every description of the most valuable furs and skins of animals. French Cruisers for the Coast of Africa. In a few days (says a late Paris paper) one ot the vessels to form the French squadron on the coast of Africa, to act in conjunction with the English cruisers for the suppression of (he slave trade, will be ready for sea, al Cherbourg. She is named L'Abcille, is a very beautiful model, and was built at Cherbourg a short time since. She carries 11 guns, and has a complement of 120 men. Her fittings arc superb, the Govern ment of France providing every thing, even to a carpet for the commander's cabin. Mortality of the British Troops in China. In 1843 the regiment had 400 men stationed at Amoy, where they lost 75 men and two officers. At Hong-Kong nearly one -third of the British garrison died in 1843. The British command er. General D'Aufilar, has declared that to re tain Hong-Kong it will require the loss of a whole regiment every three years, and that to have 700 effective men it 1 necessary to main tain 1,400. The grave-yard at HongrKong was soon filled, and another was required from the Surveyor General, who found it difficult to point out a proper spot. We learn from Paris papers that thePorte has agreed to give an indemnity of 70,000 pias. tersto France for the pillage'ofthetwo convents during the late insurrection in Syria, and also an indemnity for the expenses of the French who were compelled to quit the Lebanon by the order of Chekib-Effendi. On this subject the Malta Times has the following from its Constantinople correspondent, dated the 27th ultimo : Since my last, the Porte has been obliged to yield to the demands of M. de Bourqueney. Though supported by the common judgment of the four Powers against the French Ambassa dor; the Turkish Ministry could not prudently have braved the ultimatum ot the representative of France. M. d Bourqueney had signified in an official note his intention to withdraw himself to some distance from this capital, and there await the further instructions of his Gov. ernment, in case his demands were not com plied with ;and as he was really on the point of putting the threat (having received a third refusal from the Porte) into execution, the' Min isters of the Sultan consulted with Sir Si ration! Canning and M. TetofT as to what was to be done in this emergency. Both these Ambassa dors gave their distinct approbation to the line of conduct the rorte bad pursued on ine ques tions at issue, but as neither of them vould guaranty the Turkish Cabinet, in the name of bis Government, trom ine cotfsequenres 01 a further resistance to M. de Bourqueney, the Porte could not hold out longer. The French Ambassador, being thus Jully satisfied, agreed to modify one of his demands. The Druse chief is not to be tried anew- but only to be brousht to this capital in order to be examined as to the attack of the Druses on the convent of Abeya, during the late insurrection in the moun tain. ' All 'the other reauirements oLFrance, indemnity of losses, real or alleged, French sub jects may have sustained, by quitting their re sidences . in the Lebanon, and ids arourary cUims'Cir repairs, or rebuildig such French rnnrrnti InA MtlblisbmeuU as may have been damaged or destroyed by the Druses in the late civil stnle ot tne iwo inuc, w mv .vvp, and without investigation,! submitted to It is doubted however, whether this triumph of "I. . do Bourqueney has not been too dearly purchas ed. It will surely be a" matter of rejoicing in France ;'. but' the dfsgrace it "will bring upon French diplomacy in all the Cabinets of Europe c will more than counterbalance'this advantage, or any other that may far a brief season bcac: quired, by proceeding ; so arbitrary, so unjust vv and so glaringly in contempt of four, principal , Powers of Europe, ' thone ,by. which JIL da. iMXirqueney nasjjn mis uuHuutc, luusirait-u ma 1 . - U'i i ' 7- 1 FROM , LIBERIA. , I . : Regular files of Africa's Luminary (publish- 7 ed" at Monrovia) to the 25th; of Septemlierr ; f v have been received at Yoik, by way of Cennu da, '" " ': i ' .'54: ,'' - v ; :i W The Luminary fSeptemer 10 gives thenar . ticulars of the seizure of King li lass's territory on the.Gahoon fiver by aFreiirh Jrig ot vart ;. in the name of the King of the French. , vvfcatr led to this act is thus stated in recent ititellU3 gence received .from an American ''missionary '., " Aliput eighteen months sinc a FreiujWshijif . of war arrived offJCinjj Glasj's town, and pnuX posed to purchase the country i.Hhe Kingrefu-f ' sed to tell. r Soti after, the King Mas visited ! by an agent of the Fivnrh ihm inder,(thoiiglii!T unknown as such ) and, lieing plii'd with iutox-' icating liquors until -drunk, was then presented! C with what the agent sjitd was a friendly letter toi ; ; the King tif the French, inviting him to send hia j- . ; vessels to the :uatoon river to trade.-.: li lass was . induced to sign this letter. This AlocU- J ment, however,' proved to Im adeed 4hi coun -try to tho-French : and under this fleed they threatened to take immediate possesion of luu ewnntry.- Glass remonlraiH. and sent a pn 1 test and explanation h L mi 4 Philippe and Queen Victoria. English merehaiits interest- ed themselves in the uUliir, 'and it wasjmped t: that the French Government would disown tbe doings of their naval agent, when apprized of " the circumstances f the case. But recent ei f - vents have disappointed all our hopes.V 1 A French naval f rce arrived in the Galnion rirer early in the summer, and de minded possession of the territory. A iMm!anbnent of the town v followed a refusaijo surreiMler,'and the miss-'' binary premises were nrnrexempt firom this at. tack. The eeneral result was, that the jnhab- itants of the town were driven away, and. all missionary ierationsupeiided." ' ;f'fS4'Hr- The Luminary announces that Capt. Ca not " has induced the Kings of CapeJbaint t sign a treaty with CominMlore Baudice, Commaud- er of ihe French squadrn on the -west const of- Airica. ior ine s:ippresjUiu, oi ine siave-iraue ; on that river: aiJ it si;p-ej !ait.?Cahol 'i wilt. lie rewarded ty t'ie French Government with the cross of the L'giou ofjfinor. It is,' also expected that, alihoiigh the chiefs if Gallic nas have directly refused to entei into any treaty . with (Commodore Jones, of this Biiiisirsteameri, Penelope, th'y will, on the reiiirJi'of the French lY. Commidore from the let ward, eutfr iut acorn. merciaL treaty, which, if not directly tending f to the entire aboliiioti of ihe slave trade,' will bring a severe blow upon that abominable traf fic. - . Days without Nights and Nights without Days. Dr. Baird is delivering tin interest-' ingcourse of lectures at Hartfiird, C, of . one of which the Times has theTfbllowingv notice : . . , ... r - 1 There is nothing that strikes a stranger , more forcibly, if he visits Sweden at theA season of the year when ibq days aro, longest, than the absence of nignt." DrVf B. had no conception of it before his Mr rival. He arrived at- Stockholm from ; Gottenburg.400 miles distant, in the mbrn- ing andf.iaJ he afternoon went to see some friends had not takin notes of time---1 and returned about midnight ; it was1 as light as it is here half an hour before sun down. You could see distinctly,..' But all, was quiet in the streets ; it seeinetas if the inhabitants hail gone away, or wero dead.No signs of lifestores ''clbsecf.-1 : The sun in June goes down at S'ockbolm a little before 10 o'clock. There is a great illumination all night, as the sun i passes J round the earth towards- the North . poJeVt. and the refraction of its rays .is such, that you can see to read at mid'iliht. ;Dr.; B."' read a letter in the forest near JStockholm.V at midnight, without artifical light. '., There is a mountain at the head of the GuirofJ Bothnia, where, on the 2lst Juiie, the.sun does not go down atail.Travt'llers go up there to see it. A steamboat goes up; from Stockholm for the purpose of carrying J those vho are curious to witness thejphe-,:i nomenon. It only occurs one night. The: sun goes down to the horizon, you cafi see the whole face ot it, and in hvc minutes it begins to rise.' At the North Cane, lat. 72 degrees, the sun does notgddown for several weeks." In June, it would be about 25 degrees a- bove the horizon at midnight. The way ne people Know it is mmnigur. uiry .spb, , the sun begin to rise, 1 he changes mi those high latitudes, from summer, to win-; " ter, are so great, that we can liave no con- ' ception of Ihem at alh jn the winter timo ( the sun "disappears and is not seen for sixv- weeks. Then it comes and shows its mce I Afterwards, it remains for Jen. fifteen .or twenty minutes, and then descends.' 'And nnallv. it floes not set at all; but makes ' almost a circle round the' heavens;, vDrv : v Baird was asked how they managed hi' regard to hired pemms. aiidwhat they mJ considered a da v J I le could not wty, but supposed they worked by the, hour, and twelve hours would o? consiuereii aaay Vf work. Birds and animals take their ac- v customed rest at their tistial hours.Th; The Doctor did not know lipwahey learn;4; , ;; : ed the lime, but they hath and . go to rest , - whether the sun goes down or.trot.- l hrj ' s hens take to the trees alM)Ut7jclock, P. M.,and stay there until the sun is well up f. iii the morning. ancL the pf-oplc get into fe f tbjsj habit of late rising lob. -The first morning Dr. Bairfvoke'iirt he was surprised to see the sun shining. ; Into his room. He looked at his watch, and! found it was only 3 o'clock ; jahd tho next time he awoke; it was 5r o'clock, but 4 there;vere no persons in 4jie stn"etsw The. r ' people are vnotJn lhk: habit of risingsoV soc-n. 4The Swedes in the icitiew are not -J Very industrious, owing, pruuuui, w wo , climate. vr i X: -it 1 strongest of all feelings in the Amcri-ial foundation in the' resources and pr6-1farrarto take the Ustprccamioris tor arresting v- 1 i n--i -v'w;'VrV V--: -iJ - "i fa . -

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