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" TOff FLUTTBRING- 6r THE SOUTH
l.l , CAROLINA-POLITICIANS.. U.
Z''"z Mr.' Calhoun's r?lurn from the Memphis Con.
J,tl ha beeV followed by bis election to the
JSeoiteof the Unitedtatcf. SohtvUnn
till . tVn'iLU. Mr.
J Iva once under the lead oi ymu..
Duffie; in favor of an enlargemeni oi w
'called the beneficent policy of tbGenal Go.
rnwni. In Action ih internaprore.
;,. 1 chanced lneiriatiruoiuriH I' i T-
over to the staie uiguv w"fTV
theV have indoctrinated South Carolina with
' State Ri2ht PoIiiics,asv the, are caned.
in.tiW with their State, have denounced all
interference by the General -Government Jwith
Internal Improvements ot the country, as waste.
-ful extravagance, corrupting in us leuaency, nu
unconstitutional" in its nature. , YeJ, a little
whileand Mr., Calhoun coes to Memphis, pre-
Slides over an Internal Improvement Convention,
:l- (for such it was, to all intents and purposes,) and
! I avows himself as a friend to Internal Improve.
; -ilrihenl bv the General Government, in the widen.
'iiigand deepening of the channel of the Miss.
if,-ffippi river, in a great- line of communication
t -... 1." ''.l.-. Vnrfk.m tola, and ftiA f!e!a"
sippl, and in extensive linesof Rail Roads in the
South West, for the benefit of which he thinks
"' ll - ' Li 1. l .-.(.rilia Mill
sOngrv8S UUfjui iu luaito taic gmuis wi i pw-
lie lands IrThere eerns to be justice In the tc
mark of the Richmond Wbrg, that ? Mr. Cal.
boun was bred a thorough latitudinariah of the
ip worst school, (so said Mr. Jefferson) that of S,
'i Carolina. After abjuring it, trying a, and
. 0 holding fast to none, he has gone back to his
first love a movement extremely common and
natural." ' Notwithstanding, however, this com-
" plete change on , the part of Mr. Calhoun, he
f k his Received the entire vote of the Legislature
ot oouin Carolina, 10 represem mat oiaie in me
senate ot tne United states, and we nave no
doubt but .that that bodv will adopt all Mr. Cal.
houn'i latest opinions, and declare, with htm,
Senate of the United States, and we have no
1' thai they are consistent politicians, and have
r - -r -j :t f i i
never cnangea ineir iormer grouna, or assumeu
a new attitude. - ; ; , ' ' - ;
V 'there is. however, a fliitterin!? in the ranks;
Alljeven in South Carolina, Mill not to the
"jngni JiDoui lace, whdoux asking me reaion
far the order, and even protesting against the in
justice or making' a mockery of their former
declarations. He notice that in the South Car-
House of Representatives, immediately
alter ne election ot Air. cainoun, me toiiowinsr
n . . j mm -iv -it . a
resolutions were offered by Mr. McCarthy
i?fo7cfffJ, Thftf South Carolina still adheres to her
principles on tb subject of Internal' Improvements, and
hoidk that the Federal Government has do right to make
anv SDDroDriations in aid of railroads, public hiehwavs.
cinals, cleaning out rivers, or any other improvements.
-withSn the limits of any state or states, or communicating
frjomj any one portion of the Union to another unless
plainly and absolutely necessary for the defence of the
Utiion. " . ;:; - j: " :
Ri solved, That in the'.proceedinjni of-the Memphis
Cmjention we regret to see much that isin violation of
the foregoing principles.
And Mr.. Northrop offered a series of resolu.
lions, among which were the following :
lUolted, That the Constitution of the United States
is! compact between the people of the diflerrnt States
with each other, as separate independent sovereismties :
that pe federal government is one of limited powers, and
Mat tne.ezercise of any power by the congress of the U.
Sjates, not expressly granted by the constitution, is an
usurpatintKx . -.. , '-jj
iiioZeeii That Congress has no- power to construct
roads and canals, or clear out navigable rivers in any of
the States of this Union, for the purpose of internal im
provements, with or without the consent of the States, in
w hose limits those internal improvements are made, the
ail thority of tonirress extendine no farther, than to enact
the necessary and proper laws, to carry into execution
their jennmera ted powers
- Kesolttd, Thatthe public lands belonging to the U.
States, are a common fund, to be disposed of for the con
federacy, asjhevscttlcment of the same may progress,
vJrnrjient, as a trust under the Constitution, does not au- J
klibriie any appropriation from the National Treasury by
congress to railroads, or other works of internal improve-
. 4Now, U is evident, that according to the South
Carolina doctrines of the last twelve year, these
resolutions' ought to be adopted without disseut,
andre.we,very. much question, whether now,
the first of jhose quoted above, will be passed
at all, or if they are passed, whether itwill not
bp said that they faithfully embody the recently
trxprpsseti opinions oi iur. iaiooun, anortbe
Memphis Convention l-V Indeed, their intrbdiic.
tlon 1 openly pronounced to be, already, a high"
ftlsult to the majesty of South Carolina I The
correspondent! of the '.Charleston Courier; in
transmitting a copy of them, says :
t These, resolutions were introduced immediately after
r I the election p( the Hon. Jno. C. Calhoun, and mt. they re
j fcr to the proceedings of ibe Memphis Convention, they
,) wpaia seem to ce am indirect attack on that pure and
, spotless statesman, and in that point of view will not find
fajror with the Legislature j
Vtj What possible,' Indirect attack? there can be,
upon Mr. Calhoun; by re-jterating and re-affirming
the Identical doct rines that be has been
, reiterating and reaffirralrig for. years, past, in
season ann out ot season, we cannot oossiblv
dirine. vTha u hnli aMkir is. inrlMl. n fi
jchapter iri the political history of our country,
- nnd a curious exempli fieat ion of th want nfrvf
lijical atabUity and political consistency on the
pirt of sorrie 6f our ' distinfruished men, and
some of on r public Iradies. , If it is a chapter of
history, it U likewise, a lessen of instruction.
0The Independence (Missouri) Express
w 'if110 17ih ult., contains a long account of the
tihir of Df. Elijah Vhite, ub.affenof Indian
afi! ?,r ,he te"itory of Oregon, who left the
acP Llhe Pacific on the, 30th of Julyand
a i" V lnderMridence on the 15th of last
f was accompanied by several cili-
izens ol Willamette. On the l.t nfS.n.mL,,
thfylrael ? emigrating companies Barlow.
Knighton and McDonald, comnriainfr flhn .,.i,
and 87 wagons, on Burnt River, witt.:. oka
, a ajat wvw OUUIV
rnles of.their destination, all in good health and
spirit. .At different tn,t 150 miles,
fcffn?! i 'othVr companies, th&lat of which Was
the. St, J ospphV Company, on, Snake Ri ver
. pit Ijie 31st Octolnsr they fell in with a party
of PAwnee Vho took' 1 hem prisoners, carried
them to their villa sre. robbed thom of ihiir
t:,i,,,,.nS:. f mmunitioii, nint.lock.arms, and near,
ly nil the letter entrusted toUem.--Thev also
grxiU abused Dr. AVhite by personal violence;
l4lijig 'and t her wise
mal.treating him.c From
turned jhem adrift until
. ilheiJ2thtiirN)c'mbe principal."
. ' l:wnjfaw coniv; On the jardatV'they reach.:
jlhC house of Mr? Cbailes Fish, about thirty
miles jfroin thb' L . S." boundary," where, fur' the
t.rs nine, luej' receirca paiaiaoioanq graieiuJ
rcfrcstmcut and tic most hospitable treatment.
.-l)T bit anu ui cmupMuM
lamette colony in a flourishing conditba. : illy; a
dai I' -computation of "their travels, they oMet
the distance from Oregon City to Independence
2025 miles. ? He heard of Lieut. Fremont par
tytQ the south of Fort Iramie,' all well. )
Dr.' White arrived at St, Louis on the 224
uU? on? Ms wajK tb i,Wasbiiigton JleXi the
bearer of amemorial to Congress, Trom all
classes of citizens in Oregon. . American, En
gltsh, French and half-breeds asking for the
extension of. the: authoritj and government of
the United States over, that infant , territory.
The documents are sealed, addressed to the care
of die' Missouri delegation; and will notle made
known until presented to Congress. rj?sy
THE "- CAROLINA WATCHMAN.
Salisbury, X. C.
FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 19, 1845.
TO-MORROW IS THE
; WHIG ''Jgitj&K' WHIGS
The Whig Meeting in Rowan for the
purpose of appointing Delegates to the
State Convention, mentioned in our last.
will take place on Saturday the 20th of
December, instant, at the Courthouse in
. . ' .
this Town, that day seeming to meet the
approbation of our Whig Friends. Let
the Republicans turn out, in good force.
Our opponents are already -in. the field,
crying out to their forces M Take courage
from the apathy and backwardness of the
Whigs ! " They need something to keep
their courage up let them cry and whistle
too. But Whigs be up and at them, and
Locofocos will take courage backwards.
UNITED STATES AND ENGLAND.
The present aspect of affairs between this
country and that of England, Is any thing but
pleasing to the eye of those who desire; peace
especially among all the civilized nations of the
earth ; not only because it i morally wrong and
calculated to lower the morals of the country, but
on account of the vast number of valuable lives
that must inevitably be lost and the great a.
nount of property destroyed; The opinion of
those who seem to be the knowing ones at
Washington, go to show that we are nearer a
war with Great Britain about Oregon, than most
people have any idea. And the question is ask.
ed with much truth, will the United States re
cede from the position she has taken ? Or can
she do o without compromising her honor, un
der present circumstances, by accepting any
other offer of adjustment than the abandonment
on the part of England of all claims to the ter
ritory in dispute ? This every sane man knows
she will not do, without a hard struggle.
Considering that our relations with that coun.
trv are ID 8UC a Critical situation, the enquiry
naturally arises, are we prepared to compete
with England on the ocean T Is our Navy and
the fortifications on the our coast in a condition
to justify the .Administration in plunging, the
country In a war with one of the strongest' na
tions on the globe, always ready? We fear
not VWhat must be consequence! ; For a long
timej we must undoubted! be the tuHerer.
Belbre preparations can be made, England with
her steamers will be down upon us our cities
laid under contribution to a foreign foe or burnt
and sacked - And what is the duty of those who
have the management of affairs t It is to put
the country in a such a state as to enable her
to repel the first attack of the enemy. But it
seems this denweraic administration has never
for a moment turned its attention to this side of
the picture. Instead of augmenting our little
Navy and repairing the old dilapidated fortifica
tions the Locofoco party seem determined on
the destruction of the Tariff, the only - source
from whence ihe means to pay the expenses of
a war can be derived. We ask, in all candor,
would it not look more like they desired to main.
tain, the honor of ,t he country untarnished, if
they were, in view of the exigencies of the case,
to go to work and prepare the country for any
emergencyrather than destroy the only means
she ha,f- ' r ' ,y y
Notwithstanding all the reasons assigned by
those who believe a rupture must take place, if
the recommendations of the President are car
ried put by Congress, it surely cannot be that
Mr. Polk thought it probable, or he -would not
have urged the repeal or modification of the
Tariff ; unless he' expected to raise money by
a di rect tax upon the people. r ' ,
But if it must come, we say sustain the coun
try at all hazards ; let there unity, and a hearty
co-operation by all citizens, to sustain the rights
and honor of the country.
r -r- i.
We have received the December number of
th?t excellent work, and so far as we have had
an opportunity of examining its contents, it fully
sustains the high character the previous nnm.
i!?ajnd ft,' lt Prospectus in our next. -
j Hjr'The rneeHngapiritei tovialco
place at the Presbyterian Church; in this
tpwiivbn Thursday evening, for ihe pijrr
pdf calling aPaitor to that Church;
Hiiled to take place in consequence of Ir.
Iwcfcwejl' no& arri ving in Unicv I We are
place on Monday evening- next -r .
c- lscrnnulous of the
whig' papers teem ..with, articles abusing
- tr:m liecause the locofoco "
papers will not give England the disputed
territory m wg- Zr
even compared to - robbers Captain
Kidd," the pirate, &c because;J hey dare
to advocate the, whole of our right to Orev
eon. No ood'citizen ought" to counte
nance such treason. for we can callit no
thin else." It is, in truth and indeed, aid
ing and abetting England in persisting in
her; claim to Oregon, and saying to her,
- holdion there is n party in this country
willing to' givfrjU tbyou rather than smell
any of your powder." . ,
Heally, itis a'scandal to us to have such
small-sooled people among us. But as
there always was a party among us that
would willingly arrest the progress of Re
publicanism by abusing their own coun
trymen, andi inviting the, aggressions of
England, so we suppose there always will
be such a party to their shame be it said.
- Fayetteville Carolinian.
. Now let it not be over looked that the
valiant author of this scrap, Mr. Bane, is
the Captain of a Militia company in the
town of Fayetteville ; and that jhc sent
on, sometime ago; to let Mr. Polk know
that he and his men were at his service
to fight' the Mexicans. ;! He is a gallant
fellow.' If the President had had him or
dered out against Mexico we reckon hed
tore the tails off every pig in the Repub
liche's so full of fight. He has a big
soul too! so big that when be has his
padded regimentals on he looks swolen.
i But indeed we rejoice to see' Mr. Bane
speak out so boldly in relation to the pro
bable rupture between the United States
England. We felt that he might with
safety indulge his propensity and flourish
his tin sword in the face of Mexico poor
Mexico, with hands bound. But it seems
the guns and gun powder of mighty Brit
ain have no terrors for him ! We would
not "arrest the progress of Captain Bane z
We would not prevent the expansion of
his lion heart, or check his prowess ; but.
Capting, for mercy sake don't forget the
brilliant example of your far famed broth-
er-in-arms the lame captain9 now
In the House of Representatives, when a mo
tion was made to elect a printer to the House
several propositions were made to let it out by
contract to the lowest bidder, and which, if
adopted, would have saved a large amount to
the Government, but it was rejected by the eco
nomical Locofocos. Jesse E. Dow & Col, of
fered in writing to do the work forty per cent,
below the prices fixed by the act of Congress
in 1819, and 20 per cent, below those now al
lowed ! Did the Locofocos accept of this op
portunity tb save 45 or 50,000 dollars of the
People's money ? No. In defiance of all their
loud professions of economy to-the people, a
democratic House of Representatives, have
commenced the work of Retrenchment and Re
form by an actual gratuity to a pensioned press
under the control of Ritchie & Heiss, (and that
press the open and avowed organ of Mr. Polk,)
of an independent fortune out of the Public
Treasury. This is democratic econdmy !
The Whigs voted first for letting the printing
out by contract ; but when this proposition was .
rejected by the dominant party, they generally
supported J. E. Dow & Co.
Snow, and Sleigh-Riding Wev'e had
them here. After a day or two of cold rain,
it commenced snowing on Monday last
about 12 o'clock, and continued until af
ter night, the wind blowing pretty fiercely
from the North, North-east, the while.
If the ground bad been frozen, we should
have had snow to the depth of five or six
inches; but it being otherwise we sup
pose it did not exceed three deep enough
to sleigh-ride, which luxury was snatched
in the morning of Tuesday, by some' of
our sleigh-loving folk. The ground is bare
at this time, but the clouds look like snow
Senatorb Cameron and Turney fare ill
among the Editors of their party. Oily
Gammon (of the Union) sometimes tries to
smooth matters, but then again comes a
downright Caudle from some other source.
Hear the Indianapolis Chapman for in
stance: fcA wretch by the name of Turney has
been elected by the Whigs with the aid
of a few professed but traitorous Demo
crats ! As for the latter, they should be
driven in' disgrace from the party they
have betrayed, and never be permitted to
defile it again. Turney ought to take his
seat in the Senate by the side of Cameron
of Pennsylvania over both of whom
should be blazoned on the wall, " We obi
tained the seats by the betrayal of our
party and its principles. The ; Senate
should be to them a pillory, and they
should he treated with that scorn and con
tempt which every pure and honest mind
must feel towards them."
Mr. Pakenh a. The New York Coromer
cial Advertiser states a letter from Mr. Paken
bam has been shown in that city, in which be
says that all the information he has of his own
recall, is what he has obtained from the Ameri
can newspapers.:jX . C-- 'T'ii
&ST"The correspondence between the United
States Government and Great ; Britain on the
subject of Oregon, we . see is published t in the
Washington ; papers. We shall endeavor, if
possible, to publish'thc most interesting part of
it for the benefit of our readers.
hrSoriie of. the letters .from AVashington,
L - ,u0 pfrshnrc Intellisrencer of De-.
B a. m - J ; , mm -f t
cember 13, regard the Oregon .queion.
Bince the receipt of President IWs mes-.
sage and the Vesponsive action which it is
fraught with the most serious consequent
ces.lVe annex fhree;oflhemot for the
purpose of exciting unnecessary alarm,
but with a view to show thegrounds on
which opinions are held that t war the
last and worst calamity thai can befal a
people may arise between two nations
whose every interest is to be most surely
promoted by the maintenance of peace :
Correspondence of the N, Y. Courier 4 Enq.
Washington, Dec. 3, 1845.
Theapprehension that the Oregon ques
tion, in the hands of the present Adminis
tration, will result in war is stronger to
day than yesterday. In relation to it, the
recommendations of the President will, I
have no doubt, be carried out. There are
some, however, who think that Mr. Cal
houn and his adherents in the Senate will
be able. in connexion with the Whigs there,
so to shape the action of Congress as to
prevent any step being authorized that
can be justly offensive to Great Britain ;
but I confess I am not of that number. -
When the Senate is full it will consist of
twenty-four Whigs and thirty-two Loco
Focos ; of the last Mr. Calhoun can pro
bably carry with him Mr. McDuffie and
Mr. Lewis, but these will not be enough
even with the co-operation of all the
Whigs ; nor would they if one more should
be added to them, as that would only pro
duce a tic, leaving the question to be de
cided by the Vice President.
But conceding that Congress should do
no more man to direct the one year s no
tice required by the Convention of 26 to
be given, and also extend the protection
of our laws to our citizens there, by a law
the enactment of which should be identi
cal with the act of Parliament in relation
to British subjects there, which is putting
the most pacific aspect that the subject is
likely to assume, what would be the con
dition of affairs at the expiration of he
vear's notice, is the imnortant nuestionJ
b , m
oes this Administration expect that Great
Britain will at the expiration of that year
quietly surrender to us all Oregon ? It
would indeed seem so, as far as can be
inferred from any recommendation or sug
gestion in the Message. Nothing is said
about strengthening our army or adding
to its numbers, except to add to it a corps
of mounted riflemen, whose only service
is expected to be.to guard the emigrants
from the murderous assault of the Indians,
who, if he had any disposition to molest
them would have done it ere this; and
there is not a word in relation to the for
tifications on our seaboard. An increase
of our marine is suggested, hut mainly on
considerations connected with our com
merce. All negotiations have closed, all
propositions for a compromise are with
drawn, and the whole of Oregon is to be
taken possession of by us ; the position of
the question tends directly to a rupture,
yet the Administration has no suggestion
to make in relation to our national de
fence I It must be that they either believe
that the government of Great Britain will
recede from a position which it is pledged
not to abandon, and quietly surrender the
whole of the territory in dispute, or that
they dare not take, the responsibility of
disclosing to the country the alarming cri
sis that their bungling diplomacy has
brought upon it.
Correspondence of the N. Y. Com. Advertiser.
Washington, Dec. 2, 1845.
The views which are entertained here
of the President's message so far" as re
lates to Oregon, may be of interest to you.
The opinion is, first, that the message is
of a character that will shake the coun
try to its centre and affect injuriously all
its commercial and financial operations,
whatever may be the action of Congress
upon the propositions which it urges.
The statement made , of the condition of
the negotiation has surprised the men of
both parties, and is received by some with
grief, and by others with indignation. All
were surprised that the propositions of
the British minister were so much more
exacting than we had been led to suppose :
and I may add that equal surprise is ex
pressed that the British Government did
not entertain the compromise which, it ap
pears, Mr. Polk offered. : (
The statement of Mr. Polk and the pub
lication of the documents, including the
correspondence between the American
provisional Government in Oregon and
the British authorities there, will have the
most decided effect upon the action of Con
gress. They tend to the destruction of all
conservatism and all prudence in its coun
sels. The war passion which is pent up
in the human breast will be let loose, in all
its fury, throughout the country, and come
upon Congress with irresistable force.
:fj The consequence will be the speedy
passage of the Oregon bill of last session,
terminating the joint occupancy, extend
ing our jurisdiction over the country, and
establishing military posts, through both
Houses of Congress.
Great Britain may wait till the year is
over. Suppose she does. We must then
fight or back oot. For mind you, arbitra
tion is out of the question, as long as Mr.
Polk is President.
But will Great Britain wait. It is ap
prehended not. I proceed to state the o
pinions of others who baire deeply, anx
iously and long considered this question,
and who will oppose in Congress, the mea
sures recommended by the President. -
r They say that in 1840 Great Britain saw
that the time hnd come when'the North
eastern boundary must be settled." She
proposed negotiations and sent a minister
to the JLTnited States-to' prosecute them.
Before this step was taken, she concentra
ted in Canada and in the West Indies one
third of her military force ; and prepared
also a largo and eliicient naval, force for
immediate operation against us, in; case
the negotiation should terminate in n man
ner prejudicial to her interests or, herho
nor. . i i ' , if' . i - ,-r v
In the present state of affairs the same
policy on the part of. England is seen.-
The same .military preparations, arc on
fobt A fleet has been sent td the mouth
of the ' Oregon. V A class ' of small steam
vessels, fitted for running up xiur rivers,
has been got in readiness. The British
ultimatum is offered and rejected We
are desired to offer another proposition in
lieu of the one rejected by .Great Britain.
.We not only refuse to do that, but - witb
d raw the original offer, and go for. the
whole of Oregon. In this state of things,
we give notice of the termination of the
joint occupancy, and distinctly threaten to
take the whole ot Uregon at the expira
tion of the year!s notice. - '
Will Great Britain wait for the expira
tion of that year ? It is answered, no.
Her history shows that she treats a men
ace of war as a declaration of war, and
she, at once, seizes her armor, nnd plung
es into the ' conflict. ' "' -;
It is greatly apprehended, therefore; that
we shall find ourselves in? the midst of a
flagrant war before the close of the "pre
sent session. -
The effect of war Upon the interests of
me various portions ot this country is also
worthy of consideration, at, this juncture,
however painful it may to the patriot to
imagine inai. any portion oi ine country i
will bring a war upon the rest for its own ;
advantage ; or that any portion will hang
back from a contest which may be de
manded by a just sense of national honor
It cannot be concealed, however, that
a war will be hailed with delight and sat
isfaction by the west, and especially the
north west. It will be to them a glorious
excitement an ample and profitable em
ployment for those who have no employ
ment but agriculture -an alternative to
the stagnation of mind that results from
idleness -and above all, will it not be
the means of developing the great nation
al resources and energies4of the west
To the manufacturing portion of the
country ; to a portion of Pennsylvania and
other middle States : to some interests in
the Eastern States, war will come, with
horror to all, with distress to many, but
with some compensation in the amount of
manufacturing energy which it will awa
ken and mploy. But to the commercial
and navigating interests it will be a be
som of destruction. To the whole coast
of the United States it brings conflagra
tion and plunder. But with how much
more terrible eflectfwilL a war fall upon
the southern portion of this Union. It will
be attended with no compensating advan
tages to the south. It will come upon
them with all the horrors of an apprehen
ded or actual servile insurrection and to
tal destruction of all their resources.
The Washington correspondent of the
Journal of Commerce writes to that paper
as follows :
Washington, December 3d.
Among the various conjectures as to
the result of the Oregon difficulty, there
is one that appears to be plausible, as well
as desirable, viz. that Mr. Pakenham may
leave, and a new minister be sent, with
instructions to offer us the proposition
w hich Mr. Polk made to Mr. Pakenham,
and which was so abruptly rejected. This
conjecture is based upon the supposition
that Mr. Pakenham went beyond the line
of his instructions in rejecting that propo
sition. He certainly has no specific in
structions, it is said, upon that particular
offer. Should this be the case, the question
will be whether the present administra
tion will entertain another proposition for
a compromise. That will depend much
upon the indications of public opinion,' and
on the opinion of the Senate in the matter.
It is very certain that Mr. Polk will, here
after, take no step in which he will not
be sustained by the ascertained sense of
Mr. Adams, it is said, as well as other
Whigs iuTJongress, are now prompt and
decided in their declarations that they
will not concede an inch (as Mr. A. says
not a minute) of the territory, .unless
Great Britain should concede to us the
right to acquire and possess the Califor
nias., There is scarcely a doubt that Great
Britain designs to posscssand colonize the
Californias, and there is not much reason
to suppose that she will relinquish that
design even for the sake of peace.
It is still possible, and barely possible,
that the proposition to give Great Britain
the year's notice will fail-jrr the Senate.
If it pass, and ten chances to one it will
then we must abandon our claim or pre-
I pare to maintain it.
btill, it seems impossible that either par
ty to this controversy can contemplate the
savage and brutal appeal to arms.. The
conservative principle, strong as it is
thought latent in both nations, must be
brought out forth! defeat of this b
ous wanton alternative.
The Oregon Qncstionin JCnglaud.
The New York and Boston papers contain
statements from passengers' by the Cambria,
the last vessel from England, which aro not
without interest at this particular time, when it
is remembered the prospect for a peaceable ad
justment of the Oregon question is so doubtful.
We give them as compiled by the Baltimore
Sun : ""'I'' "; ' '
The New York Express says :
"The passengers by the CamWia anticipate
great excitement in, England on the receipt of
the President's Message. Indeed, the expect a.
tion thatlhe Message would take high ground
on the'Oregon question, it is said, had occupied
the attention of the British Cabinet in frequent
and protracted sittings. The activity before no
ticed on the sea.board and in the naval arsenals
continued steady and unremitting.? vn y
- The Boston Times of Saturday sayt : '
were informed yesterday by
who have access to the Iiest'on-
ligence; that -England wm;
arming herself and. was determined i to Jf
strong ground on the Ore -on mu.tt i u
understood too." that, sh i was for Ui?
question sealed at once, and was readr
lor ner claim, U necessary. Such i iU : f
The above taken in connection-trhn ir.
lowing from WiJmer & Smhhs Times,
, t There appears to be gonwilun
board,jind in the naval j ar8enals,1s Is
ject a month or six weeks aso.w . - . -Then
comes the Boston Evening Ttn
with the following strong war item :- , '
,- We understand from an intelligent jjalle.
ger in the Cambria, that the greatest tct?
prevailed in the dock yards and arsenalitf
glahdv He anticipates great exciteirWni;s'
reception of the President's Message i
land. "- It is currently rumored in Engkftl
the Duke of Wellington has j declared,
England goes to war with the United State it
shall be short war and a decisive one,n. ;
The New York Journal'of Commerce
contains The substance of conTersatWs
passengers on the. same subject and to ths uq
'point:' '-' ' 7l"; "
The excitement in England was unini
against the United States on the subject fo,;
egon. f The government was making the kJ
vigoious preparations for war, and unquenio.,
bly with reference alone to the Oregon digoui.
as with France, and all I be nations of Europe
she is without controversv on anv suhUM t
very large contract bad been madei amnn wIl
t lumgs, iwr inuiuirj cioiomg in vanaca. I.
deed it was said that the government were fe.
termined upon the necessity of Settling the dj
Dcuuy witnout further delay." m
The opinion of the passengers to whom tin
President1- Message was read, on hoanjUs
Cambria, was, that it would very much iocreiM
the eicitement in England, and increase the fa
bculty of an amicable settlemeut.
ft r -!
RtJMOnS FROM LONDON.
Wei ihUrpated on a former occasion fa
marks the Boston Daily Advertiser) tfot
possibly the Cabinet meetings, of which sj
much notice was taken by the corn ?
ulators at London, in their advices by the
last steamer, might have been occupied ii
part by another subject the Americans
gotiation. Whether the British Covert
ment had then received from this cbuntrj
information of the reception by Mr. Pab
enham of President Polk's proposition, its
rejection by the former, and its withdraw
al by the latter, we are not informed. The
conjecture thatthis subject may have
been under consideration receives counte
nance from the following, which wc find
in the Morning Chronicle of November 6:
' Weare led to believe, from Information m
which werore entitled to rely, that, not withstand,
ing the- importance of the 1 food queitioo,'
which has occupied the deliberations and din.
ded the pinions of the Cabinet in their recti
meetings, the state of our negotiations at Wat
irigton, in regard to the Oregon Terrhor, ka
been a question scarcely lets perplexing us1
embarrassing.: Certain it is, from all we ru
glean of public opinion in the States, and frea
all we can learn from private sources cf lis
views of the Cabinet at Washington, and rf
their power to control public opinion, even wei
thry disposed o to do. In order loeflect afrieoi
ly settlemenTof thisquestion and it Is with re
luctance and sincere regret that we -nuke.thi
avowal there appears at present scarcely!
chance of such views being entertained io Ui
pending negotiation at Washington as riff
can meet the acceptance of an English Cabioet
Nor are our fears en this score lessened wheswi
rrefertothe apparent precautionary preparal,,
which the recent activity in the various Goren
ment dockyards would indicate against sppr
hended danger ; nor when we refer to the M
that our cruisers stationed on the west coaitsf
South America have sailed to the -nort
sealed orders. The approach of the meetioj 4
Congress, when, as a matter of course, t
sident in Bis Message till be under ih neceK
sity of declaring the views of his Go vernnf
regard to this now exciting question, reawerJ s
a matter of necessity that our Ministers il08
be decided as to their policy. How fir
Polk may, in his Message to Congress, eha"
the lone of his inauguration sneech, we will'
venture to say, but it is certain that the
which have since then occurred in An'
would have been such as rather to increase Hit
subdue the popular appetite for territory
ESCAPE OF McNULTY.
The Columbus (Ohio) State' journal
44 We announced yesterday the fact that McX
ty, in company with the Sheriff and one of h.
bail had left for Washington, much agaiostuie
clination of the former. We learned aHcr
from various sources, among others ihe
man, that Mac made his eseape a Ja
and had not, at last accounts, been h?r?3J
mt j j r mama fd an
am a vfin u i . ii-trani mjuiu v
CritonAm lath general suooosition;
ly singular that this innocent hooW 'JJJJ
fears of Washington, while some of I?Ir.
have asserted that bis right to a seal u
sress, to the exclusion of Mr. Delaogf1
nave asseriea inainis rigni i tf
palpable. May not the story of a esJf
. . tm
afier all, a slander upon this v irtuous
lymjiathy from the Hamilton progressives (
mpike Survey.-VreCesssor W-
of Chapel Hill, passed tbrougn .""f,
last Wednesday, bespattered
his knees, with his compass and sia
his 1 shoulder, i and accompanied ?J. d
chain carriers, iigaged in the
a route for a turnpike from Kl-Wf(ter o0f
ward. - The Professor is j?
own-heart for business.-r?reeni,
Patriot. jVVK v "
mm m aaiimiw. b- mm? u nj m n . m. m
. T- "wiuv a a i,tf I fT3I If Iil41ttll a.