North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
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1 i V
1 ! "! ' ' ' . V - ,.r. - - "m "."f y Mi..Vt;i:ir! tn rverv thin connected' with i gentleman luaHast car xve imponeu.ii.orf4i
. : :;r iTli::- 1 they sKoujd sec' what Congress would do with.j d"dl baying a duty of ten cents a busbel-J
C t j rrtiirfrri vr?' lirtbeaiffit;the present session Did .this hurt .the h? Ireland took of alt
IT MM. toaMWAtll BIROS! ITILSOS.
Come thai mv watch: tnr cberub chilJ.I
r, .Look o'eri th'plinj With Bit j. ..y -Hj
The prening brfeze w calm and inilJ, , ,
i yiit path irom uanp-r irrr ; .
Bat aotxr tvi ilighl wits the day, 1 ;
And atitllhy father 14 away, j ,
Each hotwholJ care I've lingered through,
i i Since tnofning'a eaHiesrhiwr, ; ?
I Wn hi fiJnd whlDr Wd adieu. I f
: Aa aunbeims ii?e the flower; ; i ,
iVe tried each labor tt beguile, !
tlniil acraln I inet his raule.-;"' y If
i Ilark I Ito 'a!itiep !; Oh ! bowr bleat :
.! Mynious1featB aie past j
! ;Tb gTeenavjard .by hta hot i pressed,
r The wantjereif comea at las !' f
And bright Will cloec jlhe evening hour, i
!; In our catln liome'ai dotneptic bower. J
4t -" i - - lh 1 ' " ' :
HH STEWART, of PENN,
:'i .I IX JJEFESCC OF THE PROTECTIVE POLICY.
Kiatea ' May 27th J
i . j ' s in
Dut ho wiahe
Delirered in the IfoiJse of Representatives of the United
tq bo (understood correctly.
Mr. S; did hot siy that the eflect of all duties ;
was to diminish prices ; in the contrary, (ie did j
not denv that it vis the eflect or some duties
to increase price ti But what he said was tbU :
that duties leried on artic es we could niaikc, to
the i extent of our own wj nts, and with a'view
to protect our pw i manufacturers, did in all cai
s? a operate, in the end, t i lower prices, Jpy in.
creain capital, competition, and supply. Du
ties imposed on foreign ar icles which we 'could
not make (uroursc Ives, wdold generally increase
ihe prices, bec,ttii e they lid not increase the
supply ij(inceaing; home competition. His
position was this : duties levied for revciiuc on
articles ice canhoi produce increased prices ;
vhilst frjtcctive yutict, Ihricd on articles ice v r 11,1
can ahddopr6dkce diminished price. The j v oeen
truth of ; both these protjosiEitions was proved f wJllcn
by Undeniable fats, and by all experience.
And th reason was just as obvious as the tact.
jVyhen the supply of an article, was not equal to
the demand, ho admitted the immediate etlect
of a high duly rniirht for the moment increase
'the price and profits of its manufacture, but this
-fiery increase induced capital to rush into it,
!' .i - i t-J : i . i " -i.
inu tnecompetuion anumcrcnseu nuppiy resuu
ngf soon brought down tins price and profits to
he lowest ratesj proving4 he truth of the pro.
position, that the higher the duty, the lower
the price.' I he impoiitiqn of a duty on an ar.
ticle produced here, gave njn impulse to Ameri
can cntejrpristv; the machinery employed in its
produotion was studied anil improved ; ah in
cf eased supply. wa$ the natural consequence ;
and Increased supply, while! the demand remain,
fid the same, must always diminish prices.
IVould the gentleman undertake to deny that
the proportion between demand and supply reg.
ulated price 1 Mrj S. hardly thought that he
would go so far as that. liut, as the gentleman
mnnonolvi it secured in her hands that which
" 1 j ar-; '- ? i - , - . - . - i -
the people of Pennsylvania and the people ot
the South most wanted." . They wanted protec
tion New England could do without it.p Vir
ginia wanted it, North Carolina wanted it, so
did South Carolina and Georgia, and all the
West. They wanted protection to build them
up; in New England the tariff had done its
woikit had fulfilled its office." New England
might now say to this Government M Father, 1
am now of age ; I am on my own feet ; 1 can
make my way through the world; I have met
John Bull and beat him ; I thank jrou very much
for what you have done for me, and I will bo a
burden on you no longer; now take care of the
younger branches of the family, j
The lest of the "country was comparatively
young in manufactures. They still needed the
helping hand of Government ; they wanted pro
lection" in their infancy. New England was
magnanimous and patriotic ; she wished to see
other portions of the country prosper by follow,
ing her example ; when the South and West
supplied, as1 they could, the coaser goods, she
would go to work on the finer fabrics. Did not
the gentleman see that by reducing the tariff
he was checking investments in his own coun
try and in-inine, in the South and West, and
thereby securing a monopoly to vested capital,
Wherever it existed, and present high profits,
which could only be reduced by enlarged com
petition at homo ? Was not this true ? Was
it not common sense f He'put it to every man's
understanding. It was not only common sense,
but, what was more, it was proved by universal
To show the' practical operation of the pro
tective policy, he would take, by way of illus
tration, the neighboring iron works at Mount
Savage, near Cumberland. That establishment
has been" built up within a few years. Some
time before it was commenced land could be
bought there tor two and three dollars an acre,
which could not now be purchased under twen
ty or thirty dollars ; and mineral lands had late-
i sold at hundreds ot dollars per acre,
a few years before these improvements
were made, Were comparatively worthless.-
-4r.A- AC nni-ml ArwtValcamD eauirazc at Fort Crown. !
I uivati w v. - - - ar t I
We ar indebted to the " Commissioners appouuea io
examine it, for some particalrrs relative to the plateetc.
tuCdown. co-w. steeo,
policy;! they had tried to live on whip syllabub
political metanhvslcs and cmstttutional abstract
lions, until it had nearly stalrved them to death,
jwhile the Iforthern States ihad wisely pujrsued
the opposite policy; and wat bad -been the eft,
feet on their relative prosperity? New York
began Willi six; representatives in that tall ;
now she had thirty-four. ; Pennsylvania began
jwtth eight; knd Indw she had twenty.njr. Vir
ginia, with North and South Carolina, had com
menced WitSi twenty representativesiand -New
York with six! ; now they hivealtogether; thir
ty, and New iYork alone has thirty-fourf Such
are the fruits of the opposite systemsl of policy
adopted; by the North and the South. 'Judge the
tree bv its fruits. Will men never learn i wis-
i i -
our rhighiy export of breadsthufTj to England,
Scotland,' and Ireland, simountea to jets4naa
8224,000, Is's than pnUfourth of a million '
less than' could be furnished by a single Wres.r
tern couuty. j ! Potatoes jvere cheaper in Ireland
than in the United States, yet the people are;
starving, because they h!ad no protection against
England,: no money, no employment. This was.
the effect! of "free tradef V with England, and it
Was precisely the condition' into which . 44 free:
trade" with! England, would soon bring -this
country, Sf it were ndopled. "Free traded
with England reminded him of an anecdote of
an irisnman, wuo, wir-h coiupiaining vi ia
Ition in Ireland, was asked whether potatoes
5 were not Ivery cheap ? he answered, Chape ?
dora from experience? He would rejoice to h the L,ord love ye, they but saxpence a bush-
na as 1 nappy as ; cj. now is h, tueu, jvu v. biouih-
sen the South as Drosoeroua and
thn North. Thev had all the elementlof wealth ! 44 Just becasc we have no work, and can't get the
and prosperity in profusion I around them the Hsaxpence;" (A laugh.) j Such were the fruits
raw materials anu oreau siuns, ininraisj uuu rui ?vuauj;iiig ajjutuuuioi iu
water-power in abundance,! running to waste;
If they would allow him to offer therri advice, it
would be to abandon an exhloded and ruinous
policy : follow the example of the North! and
share in their prosperityi Instead of coming
here repining ami Complaining that the North
was rich and prosperous, making forty or fifty
per cent profit on their capital, whilsthe South"
realized but four or five, jut turn round, quit
your four or five per cent, profits, and gq to work
at forty or fifty. If the tariff was confined ; to
the North, you might complain ; Ibut i was free
to all alike North and Spujh, East and West.
Go to the hammer and the loom, the furnace and
the forge, and become prosperous in your turn.
All these blessings are within your reach; if you
will but put forth your hands to grasp them ; -
tney are otierea ireeiy to your acceptance. ipu
enjoy great advantages. Yqu have nt only all
the advantages! enjoyed by the North! for man
ufacturing, but you have othcts superadded ; you
j have labor without wages, perfectly available for
j such purposes ; the hands of the young and ojd,
I now useless for the field, might, in factories, be
! come highly profitable and productive operatives.'
Pake hold, then, on the same industry which had
factured goods the products of manual labor
for the products of machinery working the hoe
against the loom. Such had been and always
: would be result of this miserable system of pol
icy, whenever and wherever adopted.
To be. continued.
frilE OPPOSING GENERALS, TAYLOR
j AND ARISTA,
j The editor of the New Orleans Tropic, just
returned from camp, is giving pleasant episodes
in the history of the array of occupation, and
says .-The contrast of the two commanding
Generals, Taylor and Arista, in the pomp and
circumstance of war: wis characteristic of the
different institutions under which they lived.
There is a scmi-barbaric splendor associated
. August Sessidxs,. 1845. ,
V WE; the Grand Jnrors of Rowan, Present,
Tha the inost of the business brought before us
during thi;Terrn, has been in consequence of
drunkenness, and that a1 great deal of it .has
been occasioned by and through the public treat
ing of candidates for public offices at different
times and places ; consequently we cannot help
but tie w the practice as an evil; and a growing
evil, for it Is manifest to every one that it is an
nually becoming worse and worse, and we an
not help but feel alarmed for the good order and
morality of the community at large, if no for
liberty itselC for it has almost come to pass that
those who treat the most are certain to be elec
ted, consequently those who are Unable or un.
.... ! ' - . ' J . i . .'
willmg to treat, nave no encouragement ia dc
come candidates as they are almost invariably
defeated ho matter what their qualifications are;
and wo cannot help but think it is high time for
the friends of good order and morality andt for
every Patriot without distinction of Partjr to
come out 'and put the frown of condemnation up
on the practice, and hereafter use their influ
ence in endeavoring to prevail upon all. candi
dates to abandon the practice and trust to their
f own merits' rather" than to the merits of the
i JOHN ROGERS.
1 BENJAMIN FRALEY,
, GEORGE WJUIELM,
, JACOB SETZE2, ,
. HENRY SLOOP, j
CALEB YOST," i
HENRY DEAL, J
i JOHN SHUMAN, Sen.
with Arista's, according with the despotism of
the Mexican government. A simplicity about
bf Taylor'sequally significant of pure Republi
The marquee of the commanding General of
the Mexican forces was bell-sliancil. nuH f
Such were the effects of the protective policy. ! made N. England great, and especially? on those . great size. 1 he material ot which it was corn-
to aricullure ? Then branches of it which New England now could posed, was ornamented by parti-colored stripes,
and would spare. Then Soutlf Carolina would be j giving it a holiday appearance. Around itjvere
thus far, independent both of iNew England and ataiionea gaily dressed omccrs who glistened in
Apples, (irk- J) f
Cotton Yarn, j
Com, . j
Flour, (per UA.
Do. apple, A
Candles, F. F.,
Was this system hurtful
let gentlemen look at the Laurel Factory, not
far from this city. The proprietor of that fac
tory lately bought the ground on which it stood
for five dollars an acre ; and the same proprie
tor was now trying to purchase land in the
neighborhood at fitly, and could not get it. This
was the effect of giving the farmers a market.
Manufacturing establishments multiplied the
value of farms in their vicinity often tentven
ty, and sometimes, mineral lands, an hundred
fold. And what was its effect upon labor 1 Did
it not increase the price ofiabor ? What raised
prices (but an increased demand ? What de
pressed prices but the destruction of employ,
ment ? The protective policy, by increasing
the number of manufacturing establishments, of
course increased the number of persons employ,
ed in! them, thereby creating a great demand
and higher wages for labor. Laborers of all
of all the world, j She could; no longer hope to
compete with Texas and the rich lands of the
Southwest in the production of cotton. Her
worn-out fields must sink in-a contest with the
virgin soil of the new StatesJ Then let her ad
dress herself to manufactures The gentleman
from South Carolina seemed j to observe, with
grief and envy, that New England was entov-
ing profits ot from forty to fifty plhr cent; What t simer bivouacked in the open air, thts wealth
the sun, and were ever readv to nav the most nb.
ject respect to their chief. Led horses richly
caparisoned slowly paced in sight. Protecting
its rear, like continued labarynihian walls, were
arranged the equipage of the camp. Pack sad
dies for five hundred mules were tastefully plac-
fid tor display, and their loads near by, heaped
up in prodigal confusion. To the poor Mexican
seemed a vision of fairy land, and its conven
tional possessor, rich beyond their imagination,
and powerful beyond comparison,
j Bands bf rude music almost constantly rent
the air with their noisy labor. The furniture of
had asserted that duties raised prices, he was ! descriptions flock to tliefurnaces--coal diggers,
bbund to prove fheltruth of his position by quot- S choppers teamsters, and a thousand others;
Jog facts,! The 'roan who ksserted a thing-to I Now, suppose the gentleman should quit his
agitation, mane no more appeals; to party, and
no more anti-tariff speeches," what would be the
effect? Would not others go to building up new
establishments? And would not that furnish
bio a fact U'as bound tn prove it, tn oourt or out
of court. As a' lawyer tl e gentleman knew
'lljis, to be so.! ; Now, Mr. S. challenged i the
H gentleman to put his fingor on one solitaryloase
;where his assertion was true. What one pro-
yj.it - -f . 1. 1 I ' 1 . . 'A k t ii ,
.- . - - - 7 i r
first imposed for its protection ? Mr. S. dial.
Ingcd the gentle mim and ajl his friends to point
-to, oTieiName thef article- a pin or a needle.
Tha, gentle man had not-4e could not do;it.--.
Ajnd yet he stood up in the fkee of the country
and the world, and adyancitd the position that
protective duties aln ays' increased prlces.j Mr.
8j made his appeal to facts. Let the gentleman
meet him with facts. Ho :ould not ; ho dealt
altpgother in assert ions against facts, Now if,
a Mr. S. had proved, p rot e'etivo duties had not
ing, as he said, for a profit of! (our and five per
cent., and again give old England twenty-five
cents a yard for what New England now offered
new markets for fanners, and employment for I them for six. : Was not this patriotic ?: Was it
if she did ? If she gave that to South Carolina
for six cents per yard which Carolina once could
not get from abroad under thirty-six, the ques
tion for Carolina to look at was, not what pro
fits New; England made, but what prices. she !
charged her. That gentleman wanted his State I lhe marquee was rich ; the costly figured chests
to go to old England for all she required. We I lhe camp were the ornamental furniture ;
were all to depend on Europe for our mahufac- j uPon their tops reposed in ostentation the heavy
tured articles.; Foreign countries were to en- ! silver service of tho table, or the elegantly fin
joy exclusively the profitable business yielding ! ifhed 44 maps of the campaign." In this array
forty and fifty per; cent., while we wfre all to i sat the commanding general, surrounded by his
turn farmers, and join the gentleman1 in work. I numerous staff his clothes of gay colors and
. . - - , !v . i . . .. -
State of north Carolina,
SURRY COUNTY.' ! j
j. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Mag
Term, 1840. !
Jeremiah Glen, last Will
Devisavit vel non.
A PAPER writing purporting to be tbe last Will aad
Testament of Jeremiah Glen, decM, was produced
in Court for Probate, aud the Executor therein named,
refused to qualify, Jeremiah Glen, John Tate and wife
Matilda, William Philips and wife Sarah, came into
Court and entered their cariat to the probate of said
Will, and made themselves parties detendantaf And jit
appearing to tbe Ratisfaction oF the Court that Mary
Glen and Tempe York and her husband William York,
two of the- next kin, reside beyond the limits of this
State: It ia ordered by the Court that I publication be
made in the Carolina Watchman for six weeka, for the
said Mary Glen, Tempe York and her husband Wrb.
York, to appear at the next Court of Plena and Quarter
Sessions, to be held for the county of Surry, at tbe Court
House in Rockfurd.on the 2d nionday of August next,
then and there to answer and be made parties, plaintiffs
ar defendants, otherwise, tbe cade will be heard exparte
as to iheni. Witness, F. K. Armstrong, Clerk ot oar
said Court at office, the 2d monday of May, 1846.
1 K. ARMSTRONG, c.cc.
GwlO Printer's fee 85 s50
Corn. . FJ
Aud the Ii
Liquors Cn"! I'; .
Gin, Monongnhr ! i V.
Apple Brandy, 4 i i -dials
fine GoIJ C r
gaux do., Oran;f- i! ,
namon do.. Clove
Troy Ale, fine nSVi I
qt. and pt. boti'4, :
rup. Abo, Stri w I
and some Absaf w
1,2, and 3 ; Sa i, i.
rings, AGnee J;'; v
Englih Walnut !!..
cents per lb.) sot ,
Oranges and Lei'.
of fine Spanish (:. :
Blacking, Matcl. ?,. f.
best Scotch SnuT.k -
Pepper, Cloves, f, n Ir
kind of Englili LL
would be too tc4i" -articles
for cash i:.' v :
increasea, but rcattcca prices, what became of
all this clamor tbont high prices, robbery," op
pression, and plunder ? Itf vanished into thin
labor of al) sorts? The Mount Savage works
employed in various ways from four to five thou
sand men. Let three or four more such estab
lishments go up in that vicinity and you will
have at once a demand for three or fouFtimes
as many bands, and for all sorts of agricultural
produce in the same proportion. Hoiv, then,
could gentlemen assert that the protective poli
cy was oppressive to labor and agriculture ?
Mr. Holmes, of S. C, put a question to Mr.
Stewart, whether all this was not done by
taxing the South for the benefit of New Eng
The gentleman asked whether all this bene
fit did v not grow but of a tax upon the South?
Mr. S. would answer the gentleman ; if these
factories were built by government, then this
the might, to some extent, be true But they were
, by built, not by Government, but by! individual en-
' 4Jr ; it had noi foundation to stand on, and tho
gentleman and hii followers were bound
' f M V ? ' f i g" f Uie Pro,ecJve P; terprise ; and what sort of a tax was it upon
r ...v , vv v. ......uu.u me oouin io give tnem better goods for one
thef band.it inert ased the price by increasing
! the demand ir; ai'rictilturlil nnxluce. and en.
i : Kanced ho wages of labor by incrcasihg its
ipiovinenta. i A
not a noble, an enlarged American policy?
England was to be allowed to monopolize all
profitable business, the result of labor-saving
machinery, while we were tb content ourselves
with the plough and the hoe, land profits at the
rate of five per cent. . Was that the policy, for
America to pursue ? They: might be Ameri
cans who recommended it, btjt they were cer
taiuly playing into the hands pf ofir transatlan
tic competitors. sIf manufacturing was such
profitable business as these gentlemen reprc
sented'h to be, why not let the Americans have
it rather than foreigners ? AVhy not keep our
money and our profits to ourselves, instead of
giving loth to the labor of Gi-eat Britain ? The
profits of manufacturing werej chiefly owing to
the use and constant improvement of labor-saving
machinery. The,saving;of labor and the
increase of human power produced in this man
ner was almost incalculable. Dy its aid one
I feeble woman was enabled to accomplish more wended our way on towards the dwarfish trees
in a day than would pay for the productions of that were distinguished, from being a few feet.
suid he was very sorry his excellent friend from 'f -ooai nara-nanucu men wunou it. ... iuu . h.8 ,, nu 10 me
uiu yt-iiueiijeu ucsiit:, uuu yu u uicir puu.j, j 'm- twin n.ouu ucut-aiu iiicin,
i i n . - f
jaceu io vulgar proiusion. visits 01 ceremony
or of business were conducted with pomp and
needless delays ; long lines of officials stared
and leered, and were impudent or cringing, as
saited their purposes best. Music rolled, sa
bres and muskets rattled, and the buzz of infla
ted greatness and hollow pretence was trium
phant. ; About a mile above the city of Matamoros,
i ai little distance trom the banks of thti Rio
Urande, is to be seen (June 1st,) some stunted
afid ill-shaped trees; which bend their gnarled
and almost leafless limbs over a group of three
of lour small tent., Iy different from those of
uiu coiniiiou soiuier in meir rear, in thi?, that
they are heterogcnously disposed of for shade.
instead of being in a lincf regardless of all else
man military precision, lho plain about is
dotted over with thousands of tents, before many
of which, were artillery, and groups of men and
soldiers ; and over some waved in triumphant
folds our national flag, giving promise of more
importance and pomp, thau the little knot to
which wo have particularly alluded. We
FASHIONS FOR 184G, .
At the old Tailoring Eslublishmciit!
tH xZT'i !
fourth the prico ihey formerly paid ? Mr. S.
Hut the centlcman hadhlso said, that while
th! tariff was oppressive oA tho interests of ag-
r culture and of laWr.'it was hiohlv beneficial
i . ' i. . a - j -------
South Carolina should feel such deep re-ret at i Wl? Z"" an?.s 11 ",e?r P,
the prosperity of New England. If L thought ! Eng hand enjoy all this jbenefit, and I
that New England was getting rich upon man- ! ' ! hf rseIf as a monopoly? h It was-this,
ufactures, ho would advise him to go home and
keep i for they were pointed out as tho head-quarters
and ' nt the commanding .General of a triumphant A-
to invested capital
! lords of the loom.
LtW rcvorso of this
to the rirh monopolists, the
fr. S.i said that iusf a profit bf four or five per cent., while the
.tJ'C rovorso of this Was tru . While protection ' manufacturers of New England were getting
j benefiled: both ngrWtiUura kind labor, it was but ! foy or fir,y Wa it not a free country ? Who
a small aayantage, it anyj to vested capital. gave INew England exclusive privileges ? Why
( The gentleman atkd hU fiientls, without know- j did not tho South engage in the same forty or
ing it, weru in laci uoina more lor tho Uenofi
this alone, that kept the British Government i raerican Army.
i t . ; mi . . : i ' n 1. 1 I ! VT. . 1 ir .Ui. 1 ' Ml . i
do likewise; to follow the example, and irrow ' ,rom "anKrupicy. in.s proimc source 01 weaun , . "' " iu was visime, io marK
rich also. The eentleinan said that iKp ,5t. i and Power cabled the British people; to stand j one tent in the group from another, there were
ers of the South were working tho whole year
for thn lionnRt 1 fiftv per cent, business, instead of workincr nn
W tested capiat, hy keep ng ui this agitation at four or five ? Why did not they commence i
LI1U LHMHJKiliOIi IU II U IH1 H. nnrl I mr.iWtt H. 1 t?ittt rAtroo l ihrino mnda . ,
- . - - - -- . w- wmmm muia. iiw ikii n t h iiii t.uuifii iuui iiiniin iiiiiii iiirii as vv i i-nuiiii i
w, I l ' 1- 'J 0L Lf 7 - - vi ii vviii'iiu
iv yy Recking competition, 1 just as New Engl:
lulling a tnonopc
man an i no lurin men in jii.it i iimicn nut. it.,, rvi.,' inrrtiri .. r.
. - , f , T wv. u nielli., uui j"q'"u ua iiu paasiuj iiiiiii iiuti
r. i In the Case Of Vested Cnnital thn inrin l.t 1 ctarro anA rrn'mrr intntlin til.tl
f one its work; j M had biiilt the manufactories i es. The South, he was glad to learn, were now j
yvi.nuiiM luuwuiituu iiuniovcu inacninerv and commencing, i rue. ttuv were vet in th A r.
Increased skill ; it had done all that fixed capi.
red, A sted capital was now on its
ii . . . .i at . i
fcould; go along Kvithout help. Thev
j'! ial reu,ui
tad expiilrted during the list veir Wtween four
tu4 five millions 6f dollars worth of cotton clnt h;
up under a debt of four thousand millions of j no sentinels or any military parade present; a
dollars, and to pay taxes to tle Government a- I chubby sun-burnt child, k belonging to the
mounting to more than two hundred and fifty ; camp," was playing near by in the grass, tern
millions every year. This was the result of her j pbrarily arrested in its wanderings by some in
immense laborsaving machinery. 9 Was it the sect of unusual size that was delving in the dust,
policy of gentlemen to let England have this We presented ourselves at the opening of one
profitable business of manufacturing ail to her- I. of the tents, before which was standing a dra-
! self? That seemed to be the policy of the Sec- r goon's horse, much used by hard service. Upon
retary of the Treasury. Indeed, he had avow- a stool at our left, sat General , in busy !
icuiiuiij; , . . . i ,.f ..i i .i ;, ,:,i. x. ... u i
and had done before them K ?u u'" n,s rT 1 T lS i ' 1 y m,lJfi ,uu5",?,fllu gentie-
.1 , i ureaK uown tne manufactures oi our own coun- : man, aiuin on u. uua, cusmuneu wnn an ArKan-
try, and -derive his revenue! from British and
other foreign goods. His policy was to increase
revenue Ay increasing importations ; and, as he
' would reduce the average of duties to one-half,
i of course, to get the same amount of revenue, is hardly necessary for us to sav, that this per
j we must double our imports! This; was mani-; snage was General Taylor, the commanding
! fest and: undeniable. Our present imports a- hero of two of the most remarkable battles on
out record, and the man who, by his firmness and
HORACE II. BEARD, !
HAS JUST RECEIVED OF MR. FJ.
MAHAX, the ll-ZDZn31X)VCl? 32?3aQ2.3
and opaaaa.3iaQ.ca.iiiiaaai ur frrrra
UCOSa;, for the Spring aad Simmer of 1B46,
which far excells any thing of the kind heretofore pub
lished. He still carries on the !
in all its various branches, at his old stand, where he is ev
er readv to meet and accommodate his old and new cus
tomers with fashionable cutting and making of garments.
not to be surpassed by any in the Southern country, runc
taality, despatch and faithful work as has been, always
shall be his aim and object. Thankful for past encour
agement, he hopes to merit its continuance. i j ;
rr ts' The subscriber has in his employ a workman
who cannot be surpassed either North or South. ) j
. ! April 3, 164G if 28 H. H. BEARD, j
State ot Jlovtti (EavoUiitf,
RO IVAN CO UXTY.
Hamilton C. Jones, Solicitor,
George 'W. Rex, Guardian and sureties, Robert Erwin,
Isaac Tenneson, Jacob Link and Daniel Webb, j
In Equity. j
T appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that Ro-
M. bert Erwin and Isaac Tenneson, defendants in this
case, are not inhabitants of this State : Therefore Or
dered that publication be made for six weeks in the Car
olina Watchman, a newspaper printed and published in
Salisbury, requiring the said Robert Erwin and Jacob
Tenneson, to appear at the next term of the Court of
bquity for Rowan county at the Courthouse in Salisbury,
on the third monday after the fourth monday in August,
1B4G, and plead, or demur to complainants bill.! On
failure, judgment pro confesso will be entered against
them, and the case set for hearing absolute.
SAMUEL SILLIMAN, c. rJ
GwC Printer's fee 5 50
The suc-rni: ;
business irj M
inform his frieiils c !
prepared to exeuf :
the above busing ,
pledges himself ihi : !
any other shop ii
tent ion to his 6us; -least
of public jtiir .
.Country Merc.'.a': - ;
again would do f t!! :
where, as my price
hardness of the in j .-.
House Gutternr c:
Old Pewter, Co; - r,
taken in exchan.
C of the business ; they were in their infancy ;
they wanted the fostering care and protection
of Government. 'J'he tariff on the coarse fab
rics was now n.r i),i.i,a..n(-i i
warned it no.longer oq tho coarse, but only on ! ou"lec! on,? TnUred mal0nV l0. crT
fas blanket, dressed in Attakapas pantaloons
and a linen roundabout, and remarkable for a
bright flashing eye, a high forehead, a farmer
look, and " rough and ready," appearance. It
hey had beaten the British out of thbirjowu I the higher and finer fabrics in which they were 1 the Secretary' plan we must raise to two hun-1 his decision ot character, has shed lustre upon
narkets. The great manufacturers of these i now struggling with Woto ,L .ro 1 dred millions, and of course! one hundred mill- the American arms.
fcood feared no foreign cknpvtStion ; they had deavoring to break them dmvn'ltv flnndinfT nnr ! ons in Pciej would be required annually to ' There was no pomp about his tent ; a couple
overcome that.! AH I that; thev bow feared was 1 markets with these riWa. . i.. pay the balance. The i-bole specie of the of rough blue chest3 served for his table, on
American convpekition at home. The nrotec- ; hoping to indemnify tuemAlv r. ,mM,0, country had never been estimated at more than which were strewn in masterly confusion a va-
tlvo taritV raised hgai nst them that verv mm. ! losses bv future exorbitant j l-L eighty millions, j How, then, was hi policy to 7 riety of ollicial-looking. documents :
tition. While ail
pinuancc of pur
jngainst theni that very cornpej. ! losses by future exorbitant prices, extorted f
iklvoatin ihelefi.re, the icon'- ! u when American competition is put down
fxis ing titrifl; Ud resistihglts ' destroyed. "
CAIIi:S! CAXDrES!! CADDIES!!!
Cheapest and most Extensive Candy
Manufactory in the IVorZo?
i JOHN J. RICHARDSON,
. o. 42, Market St., Philadelphia,
rilAKEIS pleasure in informing the Merchants of
B XT L i . . . ...
Aionn Carolina tnat, having made suitable ar
rangements to meet the incrcasiny demand he continues
j to sell his very superior STEAM REFINED CANDY
i at th? extremely low price of 12 50 per 10Q lbs.,
and will warrant the article equal in quality to any man-
ufacfured in the United States. Also.
j SUPERIOR LEMON SYRUP,
: at very reduced prices, say frorn J$l 50 to $4 50 per
dozen bottles packed, with a full assortment of Foreign
Fruits and Nuts, &.c, ic, Sec. All orders by Mail i
will meet with prompt attention at
I ! RICHARDSON'S, 42, Market St.
March 27, 184G ly4S
NEGROES FOR SALE !
perforin well. At-'
AN Apprentl e
taken, if a p;,.
ply but an inJu-i ri
THE firm h
is this i
Books are in th4
authorised to se
work? How was he to make up this deficit?' looking citizen-dressed parsonage made hisap-
i Not from the banks, for they would; be broken pearanco upon hearing the significant call of
reauctwn,Mr.p How was it ibat Southern gentle a uP w,th,n lbe ver hrst -veair ot such a jrtem ; ' Ben," bearing on a tin salver, a couple of
and efficient 'hiathiej Jor Oo intjtrestof Ameri- ! shut their eyes to the result of their C6- ' and lhen wual uas iIr Secretary going to do black bottles and shining tumblers, arranged
cau labor h6 v as resisting foreign; jjs was I policy? Let them look bow they0""" lor his revenue ? 'he du,X n foreign iron, he around an earthen pitcher of Rio Grande water,
going for the jintrrests of tjte Ajmericaii farmers! then look at the North The North VHa 1 tells us' is noiw 7& Per cent'i Wc u'aa for redc- These refreshments were1 deposited upon a stool,
and American laborer?, anld. not fur.' tho in. ' their shoulder to the wheel - they went to t! inS U to 30 cent.ldssthart one-hair. We i and " we helped ourselves," by invitation.
tereststof largo vested capital ho went to de- to better their condition they husbanded Th ust, of course, import more than4 double; the We bore to the General a complimentary gift
stroy ciUttn2tnbuoiolyLlv iucreasinjl invest-1 own resources ; they employed aud diveriGd amount of foreign iron to get the present amount from some of his fellow-citizens of New Or
ments and ;conipctitioiH-the only thing that i their laW Mhev lived i.L .i,,.;. I of revenue, and tb that extent break up Ameri- j leans, which he declined receiving for the pre-
HAVING obuined an order of Court to sell the
31KG It OES belonging to the estate of William
Shaw, deed, I will sell thirteen Likely Negroes at tbe
late residence of said deceased, on Hunting creek, Ire
dell county, on Monday the third day of August next,
among whom are three women, one girl, two plow boys
and seven men. One of the men is a good boot and shoe
maker. A credit will be given. .
i T. CHESHIRE, Adm'r.
; July 1, 184G 3wl0
could destroy it, I vvds ihej pnt eman, and j kept their mone at home'
Wo 4 ho acted with hibyj keeping up this ; industry, instead of finish
tarifT agitaUon-Ht was thy who were aiding purchase what they could
capital. This agitation joj grated to check new
Iiivestmentt andj of! course to promote and se.
cure moiiopoly. 1 Jhose jvvho were contemplat.
ing the investment of new capital would! defer
It. , -One would iayj to another,ju Dont biiild'a
new mill or furnjaco now, the tariff is going to
Im jeduced." j Mr. Si ktjiew this to be true.-
Ho had heard oft twelve larirt? compaiiles who
had intended Io uild furnaces In Pennsylvania
this spring, but lad jsuspjude their purpose dill
upon tneir own means :
to reward their own
hly sending it abroad to
thev fmilit Cft liml t onrf
i '- - vw.v. ..bit fMU CU LllUiU-
ably supply at home. But South Carolina arid
her Southern sisters would touch neither ham
mer nor shuttle. They sent away their money
to Now England, or to old England. And what
was the consequence of these two opposite sys
terns t South Carolina was poor and depend
ant, while New England was independent and
ru'Yi,uu-' i ""juiu Carolina, wnen rue l eder
al Constitution was adopted, had five represen
on tnis noor. l hey air cherished
can supply. 3 Now, it was impossible to make sent, giving at.the time a short, but hard
wir people double their consumption, and so the j sense " lecture, on the impropriety of naming
result roust necessarily be to get them to take ; children and places after men before they were
foreign goods where tbey ;:now took domestic,;! dead, or of his receiving aj present for his servi
thus reducing the demandand of course des- ; jces "before the campaign, so far as he was con
troying the domestic supply to that extent. Was ; cerned, was finished.' ' j
not ail this plain 1 Could jany raari in his sens- j! j With the highest possible admiration of the
ea i deny itt f nd then, besides, where was the republican simplicity of the manners and char
Secretary going to get thei money to pay for all ;acter of General Taylor, we bade him good day,
these foreign i good ! .There waithe i4ub.' vph a higher appreciation of our native landtl Bh tract, are first rate Und, lying- convenient to two
I he gentleman
talked about exporti
port potatoes io Ireland
jfirom ivirgihia (Mr. Bayly,) 5 A" possessing such a nian as a citizen, and of
prting potltols to reUnd, Ex Jfit1?0"? fKcter. ;
Administrator Sale !
WILL be sold on the 30th instant, on the Plantar
tion formerly H. C. Burke's, for the purpose of
distribution and payine the debts of Abner RurWMMM
c i " n - ' -
une containing I'JU Acres, nine
two Tracts of Land.
ty of which ia cleared, and five acres good meadow,
whole in fine cultivation, with a dwelling house, a e
bam and thrashing machine. The other conuinine a
toti acies, ou oi wrucn is cleared, and in good re
pair, witn a dwelling house, barn and other oot-hbuses.
! ii. ,
RESPECTS I'LL V
and the i :
carry on the alve V
pied .by AlsoLrivs. vV
patronage heretj f t ? ;
10 business to taen: a
public that all ivo. k
executed in t: t v ry
A. P. Alsobrock v..:
ploy as Cutter, j
Salisbury, l?.h ;
Docts. Sin : :
the public. Vt. i
dence next dof t . ' '
Dr. Whitehcbd .
sion Hotel or act; I
January 2, 1M.Y
HAVING; r t ;
permanently J r i'.'r
tbe nuLhe. He .
the duties t, fills I
ance of tho (onf. !
Ofiice. in; W
Brown cc Mftsv
by Drs, Kill h i
April 2, If ; -
Ite -would tell that!
Wena'J the privilege aiid inprrtunity of examining
excellent rn'uls, not more than ons mile from N. Neely
and J. Krideifs mills. A lihersl mA;, -,;n
lenns maae snown on the-Hj cf eae t - , : .
r r ,IL W'P- B.KiftJ, Adiur Si Guardian.
1 J.-ne 5, 1S15--4w6 ...:!
opposite the lari e !
teach the art c f v .'
style as ant f r :
tine dcr? at i'.; .". ;
i " I
i , !