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DEMOCRATIC ABOLITIONISM, t
W U Uniont Vnshington.suPrK)rted l,y
5KfinqW htkvitVothcri Southern
iiV -.Ttu innrhAIi to accuse the Whig
PJvil AKnliiionists. To substantiate this
T.-S 1 '.he enscof Cobb, Who hasjust
1 SnSfdhYhig- Governor Ohio, is
f ?Slv !adducra: he Lving ad-
oted.1t snrii (ho n neaUf what arc
, - . .' ti..-l-! T r tfu w P.i'Pn in this
tailed me "v'To .rj.;: "a.:
matter these pumts in ; oomurni ur.m,
dbxv have forgotten, or take care not to
ihftt'thel candidate of their own
nnrtv was equally obnoxious. It appears
thai Mr.lTod, whose election w
rr 1 1 - , . , . v, r.,,. . r--" - - -- Mi ..... ' i . 1 1 i ! , , t 1 N 1 ' - i' T . U ! ..-
BRHNER &: JAMES,
Editors 4? Proprietors
Kzxr a carer croir all tour
- ' ,... ''. . - ' . - - - -ii- -.-it."-'- ;;l i ,.ji'.lN
: : r ! , ' . SALISBURY m G.y FRIDAYI
DO THIS, AXD LlSXKTT
GutL llaTTUon. .
" NEW: SERIES!
NUMBEli 29, OP VOLUME III.
NOVEMBER 13,4846.! : :!T!'j'i:r:'
!,' hav6 been hailed by all thd Democra-
cySs a triumph of thfirprinciples, in the
vrar l8iJ9.! declared, n Kubs(ancef that
-:.., -Utf Ld..l.lllJ ....11.. ..nt:t.,r
Miih vvlute. Uo ftUend the public schools
alnrincinle wliich tends, mdre directly
ihfiti anv dtherj ro the thorough accorrt-
plbhiiient i)(lhiftma1$tmatidn which is
fifsnly :aii4 jMstl odious tb the white
Uut there are I -other example equally
forclhlcl which Ufehow that Democracy
shoultl reraote the beam in if 4 own eye
before it seis to cast out the moat m its
brdtherk Not farffrffing that memoraoie
AbolitloniMf. Afarcus Morton of Massachu
setts who hal always been a clear pet with
hj party, and was one of the cruet actors
in that notable nsscmuiy Known as inc
Ualtimqre Convention ; we have another
cAse uiras mucli in point. Tfio Democ
rncy; of New York are running as we
gay of Candid telsand race horses Mr.
Sifai Wright Ifnrj Governor, an(l a certain
5!r. Addison pat-dner for Lieutenant Go
frnor. j This latter gentleman was, in
a: canoiuaiei ior me oia,ie csenate,
.1 ' ... ' ''I ' I a . .
e, in part
and then responded to certain
tone of tho tinti ilavery peop
lollows : i
; i' :? .1 -Hoc
A re you In. favor of extending the i
tiVc franchise to the coloredj man,
lame as to the .-white f j
I answer,! YES. Iam sensible that
the social condition of the blacks will na
turally make them dependent oti the weal-
tiiler class of pitiipns ; and this class, with
inaiviuuai excenuons, however resnecta-
tie and : however ; honest in their views,
ifft not ih cla.:s hv whom thn battle for
popular) rlghtk is'to be foiight and won.
, ! l I do not deem their num
bers rir influence fn this State sufficient to
justify mi ih withholding from them the
right ff suffrage. .Thety should he no ex
ecptuhi to the docttinc of equal rights with
voul astoigl ncerssitu ; and that n'ecessitu
I do rio&ctyuie he Ui exist in the present case.
" Ver; rppeclfuly, your f-llov.citizen,
r .? ' :! ' A G All I) NEK.
14 To Mi-sirs. AYl W. Ileid, &c, and C.
0. Shepard.SecrMaryof the Anti-Slavery
oocieiy ior uenesee county.
If now thV opinions of every candidate
fWomc-'onij'flUt fiaginahle questions, are
to h jtaked oil parly to which he may
b loig, Ave bile if ithe facts which we have
nnw tferrrn fn. lt nnf rnnvict thn Horn.
oeratje iparty of (ill the essentials of abo-
Miomsrn HtchmonU Times.
1 c6mmodohc sloat.
j Commodore Sloat, late commander of the
America Squadron in 'the Pacific arrred a
New Orleans oo tbe 22d ultimo, and communi
cated the information giren Telow in regard to
the movements -"of the naval force, in the Paci
fic Ocean, to the Editors of that city. We copy
from the Bee : . .
Wbilsi atj Monterey, on the 29th July, Com.
Sloat wais pOt in possession of letters received
by roerchanjs there from Matanioras, Saltillo,
and Vera Cruz, communicating the hews of the
battles of Pilo Alto and Resaca de la Pal ma.
In the absenc of instriirtlon from th TkonaHi
rncnt, and b?lng ignorant of the declaration of
war, he determined to make war on his own
hook, trusting that his Government would sanc
tion his course. The morning after perusing
the letters above named, he Weighed anchor
and proceeded to San Francisco, Mazatlan, and
other places, took possession of them ! in the
name of the United States, and hoisted the1 A.
mcrican flag, j Wherever the squadron ' went
the people, so far from offering any resistance,
rather evinced gratification at the approach of
the (i)rces. Some few showed ill feeling and
bitterly complained, but the feeling was confin
ed tot the officers of the Government. Lieu
tenant Fremont had arrived, and the Commo
dore placed him and his 'command, consisting
of 150 men, oh board the United States ship
Cyane, tp proceed to another point, to prevent
the Governor of California from committing
any outrages upon the persons or property of
ihe Americans residing in that part of the coun
try. ,,!. j' k.; V,.. ,
Commodore Sloat transferred the command
of the squadron to Commodore Stockton, and
upon arriving at Mazatlan on the 11th of Ati.
gust, he ! received news of tho declaration of
war against Mexico. Anxious to return home
and wait; upon the authorities at 'Washington,
he proceeded to Chagrcs, where he took pas
sage in a' British steamer for Kingston, Jamai-
W ( ti 1 'WW '
ca. rrdinthat place he sailed tor Havana,
where hi found the United States brig Perry,
and sailed In her for Charleston S. C. On the
11th instant, the Perry encountered a tremen
dous gale, In. Which she lost her rudder and was
dismasted about forty miles from Key West.
The Commodore was lhn compelled to char-
ter a small; schooner to bring him and his son
to the Balie. Commodore Sloat is very anx
ious to relajh the seat of Government, and will
leave our! cy this day for Washington.
n - u-u.i . - ., . r .... - :
Thie correspondence nivpn KpUw is well cat
cularejd to excite the risihles of the reader, r lf
is decidedly rich, and what is hotter it. is jgenul
ine it actually took! place. Capt. Tobinj coin
manded one of the companies; of Louisiana
Volunteers, and is iidjt4 be on0 of the clever
est and jolliest of Irishmen. He acts as deputi
sheriff under Major! Lewis, in INew Orleans,
and if he is but half! as successful in catching
rogues as ne nas ncen in -'geiung idling
Johnny McCalla, as Mr. Clay calls him, he cani
hot fail of doing a tremendous business. But
to the correspondence. It is ; taken from the
New Orleans Deltai the editor qf which paper
in publishing it remarks j We give; it as an
illustration of the philosophy of letter writings
Maj. McCalla, it will be seen, Is positive pwnt4
ed and sententious. Captain Tbin is candid,
discursive and didactic. The : whole, if not
trenching on the sublime, belongs at least to the
beautiful" j ! - : !
Tkeasury Depaiitmext, f . 1
2d Auditor's Office, JulyJ31, 1846;
Sib : You are charged on the books of this
office with 8lt-r25, the value of clothing ahd
blanksts furnished for the use o( your company
and for which you will be held accountable.
In order to relieve yourselt tromthis accounta
bility, you will enter on your orst muster roll
all articles of clothing and blankets issued to
the men under your command, ahd request the
paymaster to deduct the several aixounts? from
their first payment.
You are also held responsible for the camp
and garrrison equipage received for your com-
pany, until turned over to a U.' S. quartermas
ter. I am, sir, your obti servant, t-
JNO.-'M. McCALLA, Sec. Aud.
Capt. G. II. Tobin, '
v: Washington Reg't. La. jVoluntcers.
2d Auditor's Office, Aug. 8 1846.
Sir : By a decision of the Hon. Secretary
of War, each soldier under your command is
entitled to six months' clothing, jo the amount
of $21 all over that they are fo be charged
with. There will be other chahres. of which
you will be informed by this office. You will
please consider this letter your guide, in addi
tion to the one you received from me of the 31st
ult. Very respectfully, 1 !
JNO. M. McCALLA, See Aud.
Cant. G. IL Tobin. I
RESPECT FOR AGE.
A I. It !
t H U : -r
I . i ( ; i
The Baltimorw patriot publishes a e.U
ter i(um"Montferey, dated Sept. 25, from
which -we rnaKe jne iouoving extracts ;
In n desperate 'charge agninst one of the
Mexlican Forts, Col. Watson &11 mortal
ly wounded j 1U! handed his sword to
Iirui. uowie nqiji iitea wnn a smile on
hjs raccj.thatj bujicated more than tongue
ean Jeli; j! He di?d a brttve man and a cftl-
janijsoiaicr.j tiff , last words which .he
tittr red were': Mevyour Gesebai. t.Kina
rdu-wiio. .vyouLhl not follow T j These
'frl? r R(TlnS an ofTicer pass who,
it is preiumed, in the Expiring agonies
of df athl took ftjr Gen. Tavlorl ' I
I & hoi was thq; battle, hat vyc Were un
thl to tAke thelHdy of our lamented Col
onrj fronv thf lsftfet, until nearly 48.bours
4, nii.ru j uuriru ii i m , in a oriCK
bouse Ulthiri 40pyards of where he first
mde a charge with the battalion. A verv
PnjularjCMrcuinsUnce occurred while the
man wn in tjie fcUot preparing the grave :
4 hall came nnf took his head olT; and in-
vauioiiouryinc- one,; wei natt to have an-
Therelis no more beautiful trait of character
in the young, than a respect for the old. There
is a fitnepsj a propriety, in this deferential re
gard, which commends itself to every man, un
less his feelings are brutalized, and he is lack'
ing in that 1 delicate quality of mind which can
weigh proprieties. We think that on this point,
there is lit, great and increasing fault in the edu
cation of children. They are not taught to
reVerence pge as they once were. There i$,
to a far greater extent than formerly, a disgust
ing pertpess and impudence in boy$s. Instead,
of doffiiitg his cap, on meeting an did man, and
making a respectful salutation, as was the cus
torn in pur) boyhood, the urchin of the present
day is far more likejy to mock his hobbling gait,
oc his cracked roicei. .
This jacK of respect for superiors generally,
and particularly for the old, is a fault which is
not confined to children, who are governed by
impulse and example rather than judgment, but
is seen tnofct glaringly in many Avho are ripen
mines. But, almost every one tnay without
serious loss of lime and with trifling inconve
nience to himself, preserve for future examina
tion specimens of the different mineral substan
ces he meet, xvith in his rambles. He oucht
determined until -som cno
venturous enough la re-rp-n i!,
I am however keeping, xuv.r f?.
from the interesting letter .f.pr.
) . T. L. CL
: .New Ha vex, Conn., ve.j ?. j
Hon. Mb.' Clixoman : 1) -:r
inquiry of what I think cf th r :;:
ces of Western Koit'j CarIan, '.:
pleasure to say that no part cf tic I
has impressed me more fAvoral'y tj
gioa referred to. It U nrepef,' l:nu f :.
that my acquaintance with It h i.
of personal observation, but !,-. ! :
from a correspondence of sever
ing with yoursfii and Dr. Har l v, i
inspection of numerous i!!ui;T.tjv
I supplied to me at different times 1 v
to remember iUV j- l i ' u 'Piea io me aiOiUorent times br t
to remember that by so doing he may have ,t s u u-t,;.,,; 4
in his power to add to the knowledge, wealth ! A , , r , ,
and hannines, of M. i " s.,.-.. I de students t,f a Mescal Ci,!ec
, ... ..vWmrjlcii. j i ai.iauj llna) xvho haV(J c Lccn ja ,
The first Crime. We find the following af.
fectihg Viory among the late police reports of
the New York News :
Sarah Houston, a thin featured, pale little
girl,; with very large blue eyes, pleaded' guilty
to stealing several dresses from a Mrs. Davis.
Her bosom heaved convulsively, as she faintly
articulated an affirmative to the usual question,
oT ibe clerk, " Are you guilty or not guilty ?" . Pirated as this region of eountry is by its pres. j ing with them to; The co'.!o-t
A sudden flush came over her white checks, j e,u ppyfical condition from the commercial ! minerals of their respective coi-!.!i ;
and those large eyes grew still more lustrous, wor,d U of ,bo fi"l consequence to itsinbab- ! "' ?dd..10 csa sources cf inf.;...
until at last the fountains were unsealed, a tear
started all unbidden from each blue orb, and
dropped from the long eye lashes another fol.
lowed, and instantly another, 'Ull bending 'neath
the ve?ght of these repentant gems, the dark
fringes bank upon her cheek, and the poor girl
as a flail lily o'er laden by the shower, that
drops to shed the soothing moisture, bowed her
face to the rails before her and wept in silent
agony--Tears ! Ah blessings on those voice
less pleaders ! Guilt may have tainted their
bidden source, yet doth the thought that gives
tbem bhth remove the stajjn, and even when
they spf ing to light for youthful frailities, their
crystal flow is pure. Sarah was but 14 years
old, arid was sent to the House of Refuge."
itants tlat all itsTesource. .hould be develop. 1 m?n1,,oa ?f not I'p'.ica::
. rx . ii . ' 1 me by persons from North Carol!; -
ed. Opening valuable mines, Jides diverting had their attentiori called to nHcs
labor now unprofitably, because excessively ap- ! with a view to their profitable cij ' -;
plied to agriculture, would! attract capital from shall I ever forget the pleasure i c i
abroad and furnish a good home market to the I Tear or lwo iucei oifleing walu:
farmer lalwratory by a firmer fro:n Li-.';
had under his arm a small tnJiik i f . :
Should the proposed Rail Road from Colum- which he observed that he had sc'jc
bia to Goeenville.S. C, be completed, I am of ' count of ,heir izfron'i hego!d ;
opinion that the Manganese and, Chrome ores ' farm ?Urin- of( a t!:
. ... , . 1 he trunk contained not far from
in this and some of theadjo.ningcount.es would ; died dollars ia value, and one cf tV
be profitably exported. Though the veins of weighed two hundred aud sen nt w .
Baryta in the northern part of this county, con- j I have retdniicd. in tbe geo! I
tain Dure wh to var etie. snWnt.lA tn C.rm . u ui.iiic souin wciicrn couniiei I
adulterant in the manufacture of the white lead
; lina, the same character which tl;'.
A NEW PLANET.
froM atl! f'iamnni! roirlnn ,,f L 'i
of commerce, yet; for want of a navigable stream of Brazil, and tho goW arid jVj :
it is not probable they will ever be tuined to j (where diamonds also cxi:) cf i?
account in that way. They have, however at j Siberia. It is this circumstance,
. .ii! : . i the actual disenvprripa mii! with
- : oiijc, pymis, a mcmjiii; appearance at the sur- . . r Z ' e
Mr. Le Verrien has discovered a new planet, ' face ; they right angles to the general direction I mJ ric?: 1 f ,V 1
. . . . . . r. i .. ' , . . . . the precious metals and ll.? .
iii.ouiiii,guuown venicai. ; beautiful crystal ci this geinh.c'.M
and announced the fact to the French Academy.
It is beyond the orbit of Uranus. It has also
been seen from the National Observatory in
Washington. Prof. Olmstead, speaking of this
planet, says :
i Although this body is equal in brightness
only to; a star of the eighth magnitude, and will
ly and abundantly with several varieties of Iron
Pyrittes, oxides cf iron, Flour Spar, and contain,
ing traces of copper and lead, wjH'doubtless at
no very distant day, be explored to a greater or
or less extent. There is not a single county
west of the Blue Ridge, that does not contain
therefore never be visible to the naked eye, or j in abundance rich iron ores. In some instan
Washington Reg't La. Volunteers.!
bear any important relations to our world, yet
the mode of its discovery, evincing, as it does,
the, vast reach of mathematical analysis, in
penetrating the arcana ot natuie, renders it one
of the proudest tiiumphs of modern astronomy.
Here is a body thirty-six hundred millions of
miles from us, sending to us the feeble lijjht of
a telescopic star, which is not only recognized
-as belonging to our solar system, but its solita
ry dwelling place in the depths of space was
shadowed forth to (he mathematician in his clo
set, before even the largest telescope had re.
veiled its piistenre '
JNew Uhleaxs, fcepi. 17, lq46.
Sir : I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of two favors from you, 6ne dated 31st A
of July, the other 8th of August. I can only
answer by a yarn. ' '!''!
A countryman of mine was once indulging
in the very intellectual occupation of sucking
fresh eggs raw and reading a newspaper. By
some mischance, he contrived to bolt a live;
chicken. The poor bird chirrupped as it went
down his throat, and he very politely observed
" Be the powers, my friend, you spoke too;
late." ; " ;
I can only say, sir, that your favors reached
me too late. They have been chasing me1
through the Mexican post offices that isf to ex';;
press myself more clearly, when I received
them, they (the letters) were down in Mexico,
and I was up here, and when I didn't receive
them, they were up here and I was down there,
r Theifact is, that most of my men have been
paid off, and are now scattered to the four-qoar
ces these deposites are adjacent to excellent
water power and limestone, and are surrounded
by heavily timbered cheap lands. The sparry
carbonate of iron, or steel ore, of which a speci
men some years since, fell under tho observa
tion of Prof. Mitchell, though he was not able
to ascertain the locality from which it came, is
abundant at a place rather inaccessible in the
present condition of the country. It is not pro
bable that in our day the beautiful statuary mar
ble of Cherokee, both white and flesh-colored,
will be turned to much account for want of the
means of getting it into those markets where it
is needed. Besides the minerals referred to in
Prof. Shepard's letter, some of the ores of cop
per exist in the western part of this State. I
have the carbonate, (Green Malachite,) the
SIINERALOGICAL WEALTH OF
FSOM THE HIGHLAND MESSENGER.
Mr. Atkin: You published a few weeks
since an extract from an article in Silliman's
Journal, contributed by Prof. Shepard, in which
he described a Diamond sent him from this re
gion a few months since. As that extract ex
cited some interest in the minds of a number
of my friends who are engaged in the mining
business, I enclose you a letter from Prof, Shep
ard, the publication of which I am sure would
be acceptable to many of your readers. I may ores are not easily discovered on the surface of
remark in explanation, that within the last few this country. This is not usually the case any
years I have sent Prof. Shepard some hundred i where. Gold, it is true, because 1i always ex-
of specimens of minerals collected in this and j ists in the metallic state, and because it resists
last spring from a; gold washing "m: II
however, establishes the perfect i :
region with the far-famed arillrc -mond
countries of the South ar.;l i!
Neither can there remain any d
ing the existence of valuable ilcji i ;
ganese, lead, chrome, and iron in
ate vicinity, to which I think! we z :
to add zinc, baryles and marV.e. I
indications of several of the prci!".
beside, the diamond, making t.n
country of highest mineralogical
Enough has already been d?ve! -pears
to me, in the minerals i f l! ? !
der consideration,!to arouse the at' A :
dent legislators to this fertile sSurcc : .
in a Slate. If a cnpetent surveyor
were obtained, under whose Cin e:!
and well instructed corps c f :. .: :
easily to be obtained fn in thyc .k: ',
such enterprizeSj are usi tliawi: ;
could take the field, I have tir i! ;! '.
crous important discoveries Ucu!, i .
be made, and thai the entire iu!l.ij :
earning forward the woikwo.j;
short lime be many times over r ' :
loopta, from mineral wealth, vl.i 'i i
observed in their verv midatli -I' I . ;
advantages of such a surref
; prove with you ai it has done c! i
Black oxide, andsome of the sulpureti. Whi
ther however, these, as well as the ores of lead the rvir 'U of inquiry vhich it t
and zinc, (both the carbonate and sulpuret exist j thr jnpulation generally, prod irii: j
here,) are in sufficient abundance to be valua. -wn rankf a" 'fllciei.t land , f n i
.. . . j t . r l ogists and geologists, whosQ r.
ble, cannot be ascertained without further ex- ! , t ,r t t
i nun liohnll in lhf rif Ihpir nr
...... .. '. I
ammation tnan nas yet been made.
Many persons are deterred from making any
search, and are discouraged because valuable
dry axes smashed and placed- du combat in'
-i : j u- ii . i ' . i '
inr into men. nnH r InlH nmmh to U.,nW ! v"HM"8 u.uw" l"5i"iaoie enapparai!? on me:
-"r i r i , r i. i : -j i i t i r i .
uitims oi me hto uranae. i except, atso, ttio
. . . ! t
othf r dirge for
he poor soldier. Such is
-- i m m t w ; I . ' l
. VMmiteartiiy: tired ofMexico, and but
9 .1 lor the'dutv l "oVft inf rrtiintrf ivnnbl
ou I., , .... J
h j Dearer pt this letter.- You can get no
y "g wjthqul reat difficulty.
it1 iPprTfw? bad.
it Tbe prtistoqsiyhich the Government al
1t t lows to ihVKoldiers arc apy thing but good.
Cwtracts are giyen to political menj and
! put such trash upon our troops as ne-
erocs would .rfot1 eat in the South4-the
pork w so tat tuat lean is considered a
grca rAnty-ftqur and crackers without
v..h,j '-,'carcc. in tact the only
thing rdtshab e.l am ftble t . Lj-Jj
.t' if" i
r.V tar j
occasiotin ly ! Qtx the march 'tr..Uit..,
countrywide imes get holll of art old
Cn, anu.ii!seemea oiu enough to have
'been mother tbihe chicken that crowed
' ioe uays ot Hamlet s rather.
r-v-i r-i I - :r! . :- i - i :
yitulmiSn of Monterey. -la the
ry maximi xfj Napolcon" a translation! from
. file PrtftrifW VaoLJiI.. ! : J 1... I V:lJ..' iJ t ..
tlm nn& ...iJ :;J ii.f.i j ' ' '.
. -1 i uiq ia miu uown. wijicn seems 10 ex.
why Gdn Tavlor gave AmpudiA such fa.
'orhle jcrrrfjJL The rule is thus expressed :
TH k)' a fortified (lace are artiple com.
t nsauoo. foj permitting the garrison to retire
u,H ... rrvvr ne;iauer evinces a de.
nUon to die rather tlian aeepnt tl fi,rnri
!. !ki KetteV o,grant an
i , 1 " ,luon 10 a garrison which has
., " ; "vi v tun tuu iisni vi ail
impropriety.- In-this class, it is indeed but the
fault of anj early habit, theconsequence of a
faulty training in childhood, and is not much to
be wondered at, though greatly to be condemn
ed. A chap of this description a boy in everv-
( . - w -
thing except size, and a man in everything ex.
cept intelligence and honorable feelings who
can swing ja cane, and pufF a cigar1 with an air
of importance that might lead you at a distance
to suppose he Was somebody, would think it a
mark of wit to play off a trick upon an old man
or a sign of spirit to jostle him from the pave
ment, if he happened to be in the way, especial
ly if his coat was brown, with a patch upon his
elbow, or he had the appearance of a mendi
cant; and: this too, though he might have the
white locks and venerable form "of a Patriarch.
But in bur view, there is no way in whjch mean
ness, a lack of all nobleness of soul and good
breed i rig, dan lie more palpablyldisplayed than
in such and similar acts ; or-even in others less
marked and gross, that merely show a want of
that deference to which age is. entitled by the
genera consent of mankind. Such coutempti-
ble feljows, who cannot distinguish wit from
rudeness or spirit from insolence, might be
shamed byjthe simple Indian who has read no
book but Xm own heart, and taken lessons in
no School, but the school of nature. Among
the Aburigjnes, Age is always respected ; and
the blind, white-haired old Warrior at the Coun
cil, has .mdre influence than the young brave,
though! in the full vigor of his manhood.
Sftf nl la r tn wniiM In 9 l-w ' .
outw;eigli all that;had been acl.i'. - !
yiinl explorers. 1 It i thus in the .
England, New York, Ohio, j'enn-j !
Jersey and Marjlan'd, that ll ,nc .
everywhere through those com::...
bcrs cf citizens, who having 'f.t .
tcniion called to tie subject hv thf ;
the action of the elements better than any oth. ! ' . nMnn lrt ."u In ( . ,:.
ihpi 11 . . I J
lers nf the rrlnlie. Thpv ivprii mnsllv s:iilnra.
asl was mvself. From themifif there be-J so,tie of lhe ,ber astern counties of the State.
charges) nothin" ran be expected. The camn I 1 some instances a doubt as to the character i er substance, remains unchanged, while
and garrison equippage has been turned over
to the proper otiicers, with the exelL-fiOutn
tou7iuaDout tbe sarface by the most careless ob
server. Sct'rVvowever' ia Bot Senera,,Jr tlie
case with metallirS wn luc contrary, ma
of a particular. rnj-HUT!'ttil.ifi4jne. to take this j gangue, or mineral containing it crumbles to
course! but more freciuentlv it watefc to gra. ! pieces and disappears, and hence it is easily
. r .i - . mm A n l-ii it fVa an rC fk liv f V r mntt ra rl
uiy muse ot my acquaintances who wished to
have their specimens examined by one in whose
.CiU3pJcHfes and j pans, many ofj which! werer decision there would be absolute acquiescence,
used up in roasting, boiling, stewing and fryingj I know too, that it should by these means be
our pork and beans, nacon and tiiesh beet, not, ! able favorablv to make known to the nnblie the
to speak of the slow venison, which some were
ill natured enough; to call Mexican beef. .
For my own responsibility in t!h matter, I
regret more on Uncle Sam's account than on
my own, that I am not worth a continental!
oamn. I have been not only paiu, but i believe
overpaid by about 840. My conscience com4
pelled me to remonstrate with; the; paymasters
but they assured me they made no mistakes
(bank tellers sometimes!, say the sajme.) II con4
sidered their feelings and indulged them. How
ever, I made a good use of the money. I gave
it to the sick and unpaid soldiers, j . j '
'Most of the other captains are in the! same
fix with myself (barring the overpay) about re.
sponsibility, and refer to my epistjo as" an an
swer. '. j j : !
If you have any farther communications for
me, please direct to the care of Major General
John L. Lewis, N. Orleans. I sieldom !go to
Uie post office, because I have nobody to cjorres.
pona with, and yet 1 am not the man who nev-
er had father nor mother, but was woii in a
Very respectfully, I 1
G. H. TOBIN, Capt. Co. D. I
. Washington Reg't La. Volunteers.
John M. McCalla, Second Auditor.
P. S. I don't know whether to sign myself
captain, ex-captain, or late captain. I teas a
which arise relaUng to thcjvaV:!
known mineral substances, ulj'tcl :
time are submitted by their less hr
bors for determination. Atery ,':
pulse has in this;way'been; givt J j
opement of undertrr"rAiT. f
auuie mines are in the cours i
ny of the best ores would!! "Ca posed to the ac- plorati,.n, which but fur thofc s!
tion of the elements, in progress of time bp de- j attendant consequences tS y.itin.v:,
composed, or so changed from the appearances j man not only uuprcxJucii ved h.ii
j which they usually present when seen in cabi- j is tbf mere mineral yield t f tic j: j
l.l'll 3 II.U I l. U IU Ul.ll IUIIIIKi .
existeijcies in Western North Carolina, of such
minerals as might be valuable in a commercial
point of view, or interesting to the scientific nets, that none bat a practised eye would detect
nrrrnp fmm Biip!en!errri?eK. 'I ..
them at the surface. In the counties west of, to tjie nPihfor!iood in v.l ! I.
the Blue Ridge, there has been as yet, no ex- ; aie situated are often very great ?
pioranon to any uppm beneath the surtace ot amj)i as i ,o.m -j
mand lr larroing proauce, j
lution of capital, lhe improvement
Hints to Idlers. James, in his Henry of
Guise,' makes this excellent remirk In our
dealings wijih each other, there is nothing vvhich
we so miscalculate as the ever.varying value of
time ; and 'j indeed it is but too natural to look
upon U as t seems to others. The slow: idler,
On whose hand it hnnra VtPiivv. tintds the man
ot Uuf inesi by the button, and remorsely robs
bim dh theikine'a hirWav nfVlHin ten timps
... , w . . o; j w. cs
more valuable than & purse which
him if he took it."
THE SEA AND WAVE ROARING. .
The steamer Great Western, which ar
rived at this port last week, reports hav
ing encountered one; of the most terrific
storms ever known on the Atlantic Ocean.
Capt. Mathews is said to have remarked
that at ditterent times the ship was apv
proached by seas of such magnitude and
power that he thought destruction jinev
itable ; but unexpectedly1 each broke just
before reaching the vessel! The passenl
gers assembled in the catiin jwhere they
joined in religious service, ahd in the sol
emn administration ot tbe Lord s supper;
Their lives were preserved, but some of
them appeared to forget theirj obligations
to their preserver yery quick after getting:
safe on shore. aciemiw Ammcani
world.p The letter which I send you, was re
ceived in reply to an inquiry directed to Prof.
Shepard, as to what was his opinion generally
in relation to the minerals of this region, and : the ground, wjth perhaps the single excavations
what he thought of the propriety of a more care- j in the county of Cherokee. According to the
ful survey of it than has hitherto been made, most commonly received Indian tradition they
The answer, though merely in reply to my in- j were excavated more than a century ago, by a
qiiiries, is of such a character that I feel quite company of Spaniards from Florida. They are
sure that its publication will be alike creditable j said to have worked there for some two or three
to the Wr:terand beneficial to the public. Even ! summers, to have obtained a white metal, and
should it fail to produce any such impression on ' prosper2d greatly in their mining operations,
the minds of our Legislators as might induce j until the Cherokees, finding that if it became
them to direct a complete geological survey of generally known that there wtfre valuable mines
the State, its publicity may in other respects ; in their country, the cupidity of the whito men
prove beneficial. would expel them from it, determined in coun-
I have been pleased to observe that the let- S cil to destroy the whole party, and that in obe
ter of Prof. Mitchell, in relation to. some of the j dience to that decree no one of the adventurous
miiierdls of this region, which appeared in your strangers was allowed to return to the country
paper a year or two since, aroused the attention 1 whence they came. Though this story accords
of a 'number of persons to that subject, and has very well with the Indian laws, whicu con-
been the means of bringing under mv observa- ! demned to deam inose wno aiicioseo me exist
tion several interesting
. it -
(whenever leisure has been afT
aminb; such localities as from
nearance or anv Deculiaritv of external charac- sides some other favorable indications, there is . , . , nevrr- jet VoUr c.
ter, had aroused the attention of persons in the j on the surface of the ground in great abundance j yQU Ppca: of itjbut as a thing
lit -L-.j i l . j j :ct that rA mIA nf Iron, which, from its being i ... an,l lPt vnur nrcfcS ai'.".
neiffnoornooa. l uave inouceu raany io iiinu" , . - j --- . .
. .. ' . ' f j r. ; u..- ik. mmi aVmndant de
an interest in such subjects, so that there is in iounu in ucrmanj
the general stimulus Yvhicliis nil
by fruccesstui enterprise t);lljej,
country. I inay.be crnii:cd t;.
ion also, that an important s n r :
rendered true scfence in rt?ftt :ii :ji
formed from unprofitable a jv.'.t'ir
I have a wish to see tLegf-nb!",
Carolina uuderraken, n4j Mi'
of its economical bearings,, hut t ;
tion with which I am impji---;!
equally promote the progress ;
elevate tin? character of uf .m;ui;
I have the honor to rcrriiin, v?
obediently yours !i ;
CHARGES tTIIAM ii
AVTt nnpri'V 1 I. )i
Be not alarmed about .the. ;
Romanian ; you give u iri -v.z.
mineral-. Bv noinr 1 ence of mines to white men, yet I do not regard , . . ,
r , .... , ... . . ., , ear UU tJuan tt y .i
:en afforded me,) to ex- t it as enti led io much credit ai tne on.y one . .
from their singular ap- j of these localities which I have examined, be. se(1"an(. !estrovca ; never tall;
this region a considerable increase in the num. posttes of the ores of lead and silver, has been
ber of individuals who will lay up and preserve j called by tbe uerman m..
for examination singular looking minerals.
Others arc deterred from so doing, lest they
should be laughed at by their neighbors as un
successful hunters of mines. Doubtless they
deserve ridicule, who, so ignorant bf mineralo
gy as not to be able to distinguish the most val
uahll metallic ores from tbe most common and
worthless rocks, nevertheless spend their whole
Also something resembling that Iron ore rich in
silver, which the Spaniards called pacos, is ob
servable there. ; It seems more probable, there
fbre.that some of those companies of enterpris
ing Spaniards, that a centpry or two since were
traversing the continent in search of gold and
silver mines, .truck by these appearances, sunk
.v.- ;fc.fl in emotion aud soon abandoned them
UOProuutuc , '
i r . . . t. . . ..l
time in traveumg aooui uuuuiry t uuuer , f --r-- - - ; u.re c;nnot perhaps be
mldlnr. of mineral rods or dreams, in; search fmore probable conjecture, cannot perbapi
.... . . i
oi ll as tnai wuicn im; .
the advancing enlighter.tr.f :.t
broad. 1): sure of this, lUv i
r.i i .
rope is now teeming whc c:t .
u. .1 III unfit it fnr( rvi r
lure mat - - -
gain to that degraded yoU A
of Europe are already j bi! I i
that sort ; and din vomp. in,
same position. They are bo. y
though in !somo cases j pt
late that a no!e nature v. ,
signed to be the victim cf j s
dling. priestly craft, and :r,
sio'n. Dr. Ycvghan. '
0'-t. - ' 1 'i " :