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''- xv rim ,of the Watchman. ,
f !,. ilu Tfir. fwo Dollars payable; in
But if not paid in advance, Two dollar
S'iSJ ViiVcw,'wil.bechfrged., -..
Uai aTHETslirtfd ;tt 81 for U
III BCn 1". "-"
first, and 25 els.
Court orders chirged
' ! prr h(ht than these rates, A. liberal UeUuc
f t,nolhoe who advertise by the year.
'ttii to the Editor must be post paid.
J . f ;,J;A'Ffbu):te National Intelligencer.
1 -SGlJttiXlUf AUI AWU OAUAIUUA
Ni"? ViviiANK:-RbAi). '
A newjandj rather novel improvement
in constructing roads is rapidly developing
thfl rHoilrce bfthe agVicullural districts
fofr Strttebringing into "play the en
trrpri e of our farmers an(i giving them
fldfartages fQr travel little short of rail
ro?ds ;. and in a manner particularly a
a.njitcil td, their accommodation, and at a
irnrnnnrArtvelir small rate of expense.
Plauk Roads am be made, as a general
rii(ei or about the year j fe cai u v;eu
tntnc rinirontL: About one hundred com
Inaiicsi have already been formed, or ate
kbout .being formed, to construct these
foifis in various parts of the State of New
jyirk:'-j -The time is coming when most of
tlx! roiids of Ibc'State and Union, wjiere
there i any considerable amount of tra
vel, and timber reasonable, 'will, be plank-
'(dl Tliusfar every : plank road made in
ihVs State has I fully equalled, iPnot1 ex
uded, the expectation of its projectors.
T4e met mat a pair,xoi rrorses can wjth
anu who increaseu speed, carry
' ; m , r ' 1 ,' j' i (j . "f'7' 1 ' T ' ";" i I ' ' ' - '' ' I " ' ' " " ' ' ' 1 : .i m , - - j; - - ' ' 1 ' '' ' ' ,
BRUNER & IAMES,
Editors f Proprieftrs
" Keep a ciieck utojt all toxjr
V" ' , Rulers. ':' . --4 '
:t, a .
Do TniS, AND LlBEKTY IS SAFE.'
VOLUME V, NUMBER 39.
' . i
; Tlic Second d.iIcal'SctioolIi43
Tct most tmportaat School in its 'ilnj, in th Pft of
the State,- wai .tW'onej.caltal 'Clro's Na riery, fUr lje-Tf
catw it was placed mider the protection rtW' first f
the Muses, or becaosejit waiMhe road tojionoraiuttep-'
ataiton. It was cituated near tae jvoctioa of the Somh
Y'adkin and Snow Creek ; a boat ten miles North of
StatesTille. .' ? '
The original house in which it was UbjIu was about
j a half of a mile Elast of Mr- Joseph Jsmes.in a htIovr
j near a spring. This was onlortoDaiely bornt ana ara
other house was built upon the lop of the btfl.in a piece'
of woods, a liitle furi'.xr west where the foundation can
be seen at this time. . . , - f ''.
i It is not well determined in what year this school.
went into operation, or when it came lo t close. .It is :
; generally aJmitted howevtr that Dr. UU bad the cliirf ,
hand in getting it : heretamed from Princeton U
1 774, and was licensed to preach in 1776. "
: Judge Lonjsireet, of Georgia, in an oration otr lh,e
I death of Dr. Moses WaJJcll, the President of Athens
College, who was educated at the Clio School, says that
it began before the Revolution. And Mr. John Adams
now living at the West, a stadent there,-thifilis that it .
ended about the fall of 1767. '
Martin, in his History of the State, rol. 2, pa 395,
; says there were only two public school! in 1776, one at '
Edenton, the other at Newbert). Hut he means Acade
mies ittcorporated by the Legislature. See Dav-Revival
of the Laws of N. C, in 1773, pp. 350,478. I ,
The Clio School was not incorporated. - :
We do not suppose that we have given the names
above innihe right order of time, except the two first,
which are well ascertained.
Dr. Charles Caldwell, who was once Professor in the
Medical College in Philadelphia, and who removed from
there to Lexington, but is now at Louisville, Kentucky,
in a letter to Hugh R. Hall, Bsq , dated March 12,
1317, says, "T succeeded Mr. Harris about the year
1765 or 6, and continued at the head of the school about
two years; when I withdrew from it, by invitation to
aid in the establishment of a similar Institution in Cen
tre Congregation near the residence of Col. Osborne. -It
was certainly sutptnded for a time," if not permM
nently closed : my memory suggesting to me the lattec
issue. From its commencement, if I ara not mistaken
the Clio school flourished : dnring;the regime of my ird
inpdiate predecessor and myself I know it did."
This school was situate in an elevated and healthy
region, surrounded with leautiful scenery, and in the
midst of the most thickly settled neighborhoods of pious
and respectable families in the County: the Kings,"
Sharpes, Adamses, Ate.
The names of many, who in whole, or in part were
educated there, are furnished by the memories of the
aged. Some of these rose to eminence in the various
departments of public life. Rev. Richard King, who
was. himself prepared there for a higher institution, in a
letter to a friend in 1822, remarks of some of the Clio
Students, as Dr. James Blythe and others who had risen
, to eminence. " These great men most all call Iredell
SALISBURY, N C, THURSDAY FEBRUARY 1, 1849.
structed. Plank roads diverging j from
each side of them, exterjding through fer
tile valleys up to our mountain regions,
will bring all the resources of our tate
into active, play employing every! idle
hand and every idle dollar. Tens of thou- i
sands of dollars are now locked up in our
agricultural districts ; one hundred here,
five hundredjhere, doing nothing for the
j It is only as a part of thisgreat Repub
lic that California can enjoy the brilliant
possibilities of her future destiny. If the
commerce of Asia is to cross the pacific
and enter the Caribbean or Mexican seas,
It is the United States which must com
mand and protect the Isthmian gates : or
i , Mtas may De tne case, that commerce
Mr. Clay, .we are happy to announce,
has arrived at New Orleans. The pa-
pers received from that city say he looks
His numerous friends in this city will
rejoice tb hear of his safe arrival in the
want of a favorable investment. Plank i should seek a still more advantageous
roads will call forth such means and set highway by railroad across the Rocky
it at Work for the public good, and $t the fountains, it is clear that such a high-
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
On the 13th inst., when the Resolutions
offered by the Select Committee as a sub
stitute for those of Mr. Steele came up,
Mr. Barringer moved their indefinite post
ponement and addressed the House as
Crescent City, and. more, that his health,
u not fully restored, is becoming so. Most
gladly vill they extend the welcome hand, ! In making this motion, Mr. Speaker, 1
if he will but make us a visit. We hone conscientiously believe lhrl am discharp-
he may do soj The Delta has the follow-! g a high public dutyto the people of
sane lime civciA fair return in intoUt ivav nnvfr rnnlH nr wm.U Knilt y- ' notice ot a meeting between Air. Clay iorm varoiina.
J ".. l I cent hv thp TTnitP1 Srt It i in fart i aniLGen. Taylor '.--Mobile Adv. From their first introduction into this
THE TAIMCE OF THE ELY3EE ! (.h United States which must do Sail po
The fact that the Palace of the Elysee J,e
National (formerly the Eljse Bourbon.) j hi
--.i t , ...... k . . ' I" I ;
The Meeting of Mr. Clou and General 1 fo the present moment, these R. so
litical theorists suppose that California is ITuylor. Oar. readers are aware that l. , nYfi PrtOVi'a a "re-brnml in our
uiiu.-M. xurv nau Lreni v ueiaveu me
.j y ---
JoLblcAveightrOn a phink road that they
canonjthc best common roads, without
anj outer consiucrauon, semes tneir vai
to do. It is the Dower, the Wealth, and ! Helnrv CAnv (a namp that rnnnirp nn nr. miusr. in
ihe. enercips nf thp Ampripan npoiilo nnltr ! fpp hr v,(u r... public business, and have caused -nothins
o . ("-(." "'j i - avjuui uiiig in iiaauci i u i . . . r r
which can develop the natural resources i some davs nast. H arrivpd in thi Pitv H.ut bitterness and asperity of feeling.
which has been allotted as a residence, to and turh to profitable use the geographi- ' yesterday in the steamboat Princess. myself, 1 am not opposed to their pas-
President Bonaparte, was the last Oalace ' ca advantages of the golden territory. It When the Princess stopped at Baton
inhabited by the Emperor, is a fact of1 s onl b' and through them thatCalifor- Rouge, the passengers, among whom was
no great note in itself ; yet such is the as-! f revolutionize :the, Asiatictirade ; ; Mr. Clay ivere. all sitting at dinner It
r . , - , , . i Which, without them, will continue to flow happened that General Brooke and Co .
' v.t!j 1 1- .1 . w.v...vtl iu. iiiiuuu aim uii- ! in ifa flrhiKtnmpt phnnhp a nnrncK tha In.'. av nr ivptp fnmin(r Hmrn in ihuniM. nnA
Mi nen me. roaus arc uau. as tney , , . - . .( , l TJr"r ..w.wr.w, -t v,vv...1uu.mmu,v,u1j,uuu,
usually arel sprin and fall four times the U4 icuiiwmnue ia regarupu as . qian ucean anu rouna me, yape ot Uood concluding to taue ttie t'nncess. tliey
1 voted tor them on their second
reading and may vote for ihem again, if
this motion does not prevail. But, sir,
th ese Resolutions have assumed a party
character, and iheir passage under exist
ing circumstances can do no good under
the sun. Gentlemen on both sides of this
SshtWbc: taken on plank road at nn omen of a restored empire. 1 A Lon- j Hope All the intelligent people who ; came aboard accompanied by Gen. Taj- ; vSe. ?" "uch Vlv
ri to to California know this or ihev will lor. As the General nassed bv the dinner . 3 ' .'. .
uii seasons that Can be taken on com- dn paper gives the following nccoiint of
moil roads. The farmer can go to mar- the Palace : . '
ket'at ajl times when he cannot work his
V m r I VX-'a) W a -a a a, a wvaa a v a a
turn (living some 15 or 20 miles- distant
irom market; be same, day ; while with
a bad road, taking the same weight, would
rcfjhirc Several days, besides great wear
ami, tear ol ,horses, and wagons, and har-
go to California know this or tHey will lor. As the General passed by the dinner l"Ay u,sc, m Prt" l.V
there soon learn it ; and there wflfbe no table, he recognized Mr. Clay and bowed ! P,eaSe ' u 'u ab?Ut mUl1'
u. ji..! . .- i . k'ir . u.,t m.. . ! ism and the rights of the bouth : but. sir.
The, 1 ?C,.f tbe ESC? rl l than that of remaining bone of the bone I recognize him, a gentleman at the table U ls manAfest now (lf vYe h?ve not be,orti
. . . w ' . ' . ( i . m i . .1 SPPI1 111 thr narlf uiul nntlunn nil nurlr
Air. Ulay, that is General v ; . 1 J , . , ? 1
j lies at the bottomof this whole proceed-
ejaculated Mr. Clay, with sur- I ; xr' a,V V"C u y'i' lue in'
lpBpenf .u Amorin Ilninn ut L,. n,.D J nN7A nnfl ,,1,.,, in ku. A.,t u 1,1 1" 01 pari), anu me uiirst lor party
i- - a ... i BV aW . ' U Llil. A K.,Mai.a KVI&ta a 1 I m a. 1. mm . I I aa a a u a w a v- UO II I I. i Hal 111 1 .1 II I I I I r I I 1 I I I I' . I a a . v
jHst century, haying been buiU ,n thyear tQ QUt of u Instead anJ immediatey reaving lJs,lntierf waIk.
1718. by Lieut. General, the Gount f bv- of nullificatioh and secession, e shall fed into the social hail, and with warm!
reux, Governor ol the Koyal Chateau ot peal.f in California, of nothing but the one j frankness and earnestness characterisic of i
iviuwcenux. mnuitine up i ampauour, me r .l... rr: i' I n mi ; t.:, t.: l 1 .i. ,
- iii 1 ri i r w 1 rir aa t t a mw m ri a m v a 1 f 1 - i 1 1 w 114 vif 1 - 1 r mi r w n 1
tJnion yes, the Union ! What? to her j who grasped it very warmly, and shook it'
Were all the goliT of the new mines, were f very energetically.
the whole Snowy Sierra one solid1 ridge of ' Why, General, pleasantly remarked
Mr. Glav " you have grown out of my re
infamous mistress of Louis XV.. nurchas
nt f ; in I'act leaving little return after ed the palace from the Evreux family, and
deducting expenses. This is no fanciful ' retained possession of it up to.the period
calculation ; Jt ha been fully proved. ' Gf her death in 17G4. The Hotel d'Ev.
This improvement Will bring up the val- reUx, then passed into the hands of the
tief of farms within reach of markets, financier Beaujon, who sold it, in 1786, to
which have been greatly depressed by the j Louis XVL The revolutionary govern-
low pride Of land at the West, The COn- menf rnnvprtprl it intn nntinnnl nmnoritr
rehlenc of getting the produce of thei f and it remained untenanted under the Re
farm to market, will enable the farmer of ; public; but under the Empire it camein-
lh Kasi better to compete with the far- fo the possession of Murat, the King of
mron ie esi.nnuougn rnecostoi lanu Naples; and atithe period of the second
ihe pure metal, compared with the bless
ings which the Union secures 1 North
vengeance, slumber beneath all your pat
riotism ! J he rights of the feouth have
nothing to do with it. It is a waste of the
public time for party purposes. And the
man who stands up here to convince me,
or this House to the contrary, is himself
blind to the truth.
" "You can never grow out of mine,"
was the ready response of the General,
whose countenance beamed with warm
regard, and whose good-natured wrinkles
A public meeting of the citizens of dmr nKBnroH k;. K,;kf o,i k i.,
H.t l , , 1 1 1 ' , n I . bumw, UUdbUlbU UI9 KHCUt aim UCIICVUlCUt
I khApniirrh urac hull ri rt tria l!h iiu'ln n f I
iiiiiouyinugii . cj uv iu mi inc in ji(tui ; eves
On Gov. Graham's return to his residence I , i
" The age of virtuous politics is past
And we are deep in that of cold pretence ;
Patriots are grown too shrewd to be sincere
And we too wise to trust tlVem."
I 1 l
ismHchleatthc West: The expense restoration it was annexed to the State j In thkt place, to testify their approbation ! PlpCtio toX
,.rj;fnnf (rhvnnrntfnn ! cor.. t ... rn, , ,. , ... , rt , J Ac , J. r ' , ,,J . i election to the 1 residency, and 1 nope your
y y'Jt"V' M :" . u- uonmins. - 1 ne taw wnicnin laiu.seuieu . 01 us conauct wnue executive ol the administration mav h? as snpppWfnl
firm thq value of farms near the great
inirketsl yur new States, until they have
mdre money, should go to work construct
ing plan); roads-t hey will foca longtime
anVver !the purpose of railroads, except
Withe great and central thoroughfares. 1 by the Emperor Napoleon
wciugan snouiuroe wiue awaue on
nilminictratinn mav ho ac cninaccrnl an,
State and their pleasure at again recei- , gori0us asyour military career," remark
vingi him amongst them as a citizen. Ste- e(j jjr cjay
heiKMoore, Esq. acted as Chairman and j t'hank m c, but j am not
Dr. Pride Jones as Secretary. A Com- ; presfdent ,.et :
mittee, consisting: of Messrs. Moore, Jno.i iia r. .u-. .u .
es by the Emperor Napoleon. It warhere if. Norwood Pride Jones W. . Nor- ; cral's 'modesty Vvas about to get the better
the, that he resided after the defeat of Watery wood, HK. Nash, anclP. B.Ruffin, wi3olhini)llroke ft with some , fu, re.
ioof anu u was mereinai a lew aays aw appoi ueu 10 tenuer 10 uoy. o rap am me ; markf vvb;ch led to a general and most
the Civil List of the ex Kibe;, LouisPhil-
lipe, assigned the Elysee Bourbon as the
residence'of the ex Queen Ametie, in the
event of her surviving her husband. The
Elysee Bourbon is the last place inhabited
A plank rdadlis to be immediately built terward he abdicated in favor of the Kin2
Mween the city of Schenectady and the j 0f Rome. Up to the present moment the
viagi jof Saratoga Springs, passing place has bet-n one of the lions" of Paris,
tbfougli the i tliriving village of B tllston and a sort of show place to strangers. It
Spa. If the materials can be proctired in I is entered from the Rue Faubourg St.
season, the calculation is to have the road ' II
h'ljilt and ready, in time for the pleasure yrtrd. After ascending a lofty flight of
ir.pei oi presem year, so mat travel
lei's from all quarters of our land can car
.rylhdme accounts of it.-
1'hc presH1 cannot be too diligent inx:all-
compliment oi a puoiic uinner; wnicn ne .. agreeable conversation between the two
accepted. : : 1 distinguished gentlemen.
ij Ae take ibis occas.onto.say he heart j The Captain of the Princess, not wish-
oi iue wnoie ouue win oe wuniine cm- . :nfT ln. ;nPPnnf nPi,E!in, Pannn f
zens of Hillsborough in this manifestation
of confidence and esteem-fpr her favorite
Son. The Chair of State has never ben
steps the visiter is conducted to the suite : more faithfully-o'r ably filled than it has
of apartments o.i the first story. " They in- been by him ; and his name will live in soon meet
ctuue tne oeu cnamotr occupied py iapo- 1 ine minus and hearts oi the people as long j
two old friends, detained the boat for some
time. Finally, however, the General and
Mr. Clay parted with expressions of mu
tual esteem, and a hope that they might
their literary cradle, where thrv first rnnn.l tk f .,c
For one, Sir, I have had no part nor lot ! and from whenpe they etarted for the otl of fame-
They nre determined to be of the great men of the
Earth, and they will be so.
Of Richard King, Dr. Caldwell remarks that "be
was brilliant and. imposing in both mind and person:
" nfid became one of the ablest and most
evangr-lical of preachers. In eloquence, especially, he
was rarely surpassed." Other, names found on the Ji?t
of students are Judgre. Edward Harris of this State ;
Judge Smith, of Alabama ; Jodge Lowrie, Dr. Muses
Waddell, of Georgia, and late President of Athens Col
lege : John Adams, John Reid, the father of Rufus
Reid ; Abner Sharpe, Rev. James II. Bowman, Robert
Hall, Thomas Hall, John Allison, Felix Walker, mem
ber of Congress from the Western District of this State.
Dr. Joseph Guy, Bain Alexander, and Dr. Joseph Alex
ander of Mecklenburg Dr.. Charles Harris, George W
Campbell, of Tennessee, the Secretary of the Treasury
of the LT. S. in 181 1, and afterwards minister to Russia,
and doubtless many olhers. Indeed, this School in its
day was of more importance than is commonly supposed.
in this business. I have ever opposed the
discussion of political questions on this
floor. Our constituents did not send us
here for tht purpose. We and they have
had enough of party strife here and else
where. 1 deprecate it on this floor, as the
blighting curse of all our hopes of ever
elevating the character of Our State. It
has already proven to North Carolina the
source of woes unnumbered."
v Look, sir, at the state! of things now
before us. Measures of the very last im
portance to the welfare of our people have
been lying on your table for weeks, whol
ly unconsidered. Why, sir ? to make
way for this miserable part' struggle.
Mr. Speaker, I have heretofore not in
terfered I have neither moved nor spo
ken on this subject, but sir, I can forbear
no longer. I would to God, sir, the scenes
witnessed in this Hall on Thursday night
last, could be blotted from our remem
brance, and wiped out from the annals of
the State ! If this discussion is continued.
inlpuhlic attention to these roads. At
thdoutjh, where timber is. cheap, and the
common roads execrable, theywill be oi
mat value; indeed, in every nartof our
Union they can be constructed to gret
a(lVatHage-givi.ng employment to the la-
lfirig classei ; increased value, to real
estate jand a good investment to stock- j
holders i It is an improvement beneficial J
W glasses. Some fear has been express- '
fd.'ihat the timber olv the country would ;
LcVxhausted by the rage for plank roads;J
bujisuch wilKnot be the case. These
roads vj-ill e constructed so as to lead to
tiiOs4 districts where the timber is now
rearjy, hut of little or no alue to any one,
oMlje (and on which it grows, on account
of the expensc of getting it to market.
Theie phmk rbds are about to open sour
tcs of Jwealth.to the northern part of this
State, )of Vnore value to the public than
tlie uld mines of California.
It U loind that very little grading is re
quired: one foot rise in from 12 to 10,
e are not n nrmm vvniTipr vi r i , av . u u . . i t . . i
leon durinfr the 100 davs. in the ,eonneil as liberty is annreeiaterl, and talents and a " W "I . ". 7 7 ,V T, 7 ' UUV ue repenteu. 10 prevent tneir
t- r. ' j . . ... . reautiieu uis intiner. wn cn nau een i t s
room in which the Emperor Alexander , virtue are admired. Ral. Star, j
transacted -business during the occupation
of Paris by the allied armies, in the spring
of 1814. These rooms are finished with
some splendor, and are adorned with sev-
al fine paintings. 1 he garden at the
rearoT thp palace, extends as far as the
Cham psEJJy sees. -
From the Philadelpttia Dollar Newspaper.
CULTIVATION OBSTHB rAlTLE.
This should not be neglected
recurrence, and in ordpr that we mav nro-
interrupted by the appearance of General ; cety wilb the public-business, I make this
Taylorbut if he did not and lost it or ! motion. Mv sole desire is to mt ru of
I A Patriot. A bill has been before the ! if he did, and found it was cold, we think 1 this nernlexinrr rmestinn I eall sir for
Legislature to appropriate the pherokee J the circumstance might be reconciled with j jne ayes and noes the country can then
Bonds, on terms most advantageous to the i many similar events of much greater im- f see wno deays the work of legislation
?tate and just to the Western people, to poriance in nis previous nistory.
making a Turnpike Road from Salisbury ' The great orator and statesman arrived
to the Georgia line, at the extrefne South- ' in our city yesterday. He has grown thin-
western part of our State. Mr, Conner, ner, but apparently no older than when,
more than a year ago, he participated wuh
our citizensin celebrating the brilliant vic
tories of our arms in Mexico. We trust
he may be warmly received by the peo
ple. In times past, when he seemed the
! the Locofoco Senator from Lincoln and
I Catawba, moved to amend it bf starting
rpt. the road from Charlotte, by Beatiie'sFord,
f Pro iKv vvhudi route it would nasi through
per way is to select good graltetruit, ;Mr Conner's plantation.) The Senate
and plant it on a high piece of land, and rejected the amendment, and thp.n, as the fixed choice of a large portion of the peo-
and who not.
Mr. Barringer withdrew temporarily,
his motion to indefinitely postpone, in or
der to allow Mr. Stanly to offer a substi
tute for the 4th Resolution.-
Suffering in California. In the Bos
ton Post received yesterday we find the
follovvingcommunication, addressed to the
. : . ! V. Nj. ti " ' . . . " ' 5 mar 1 f " X a .
to! insure, fruit, plant your tree but little jroad would L not go by his barn door, Mr. pie tor the residency, the name ol his Editor of that paper : Nat. Lit
to caution those
iui lusui un uiii plant )uui 1 1 w u v itiiiv. j rv4 i uuiu, iiui. uj i" i muu,i j"-" . . , v.. ... iijdiior oi mat paper.
deeper than it was in the nursery: because; ' CotYnr voted against th2 bill ! .jlf the bill . friends in this city was legion. We trust, ; .
' 4'4M . rfmf nr ,L JurfaA- had finaUV been defeated, we suppose Mr. for the credit of our people, that now vowj u not oc wen
the tree will take root near the surtace 1l , , , . . . . K . , , . , . . , , , eoitiir to California in r
. , , . , , Clingman Would have laid the -blame to when his claims to popular esteem rest f ,. , . -
1 .1 : L 1 V -
any now, anu me stem win. roi jeiow ih p Contra FmiAObserccr. upon his distinguished public services, his
If the roofs have; ; ; , 5 I great talents and vvasin patriotism, the
i - V rr.i ! vt .i I number of his friends will not be reduced,
Cotton Seed Extractot-l he Northern . , r,u,.: ii
i . . " ., . . . - iiui iiic aiuui ui t lie u auiiiiiaiiuii vuuicu.
papers weinotice, are describing at Con-; .
siderable length a new invention for ex- , . ' t w tu t
. ., , . T. Frcncli Emigration to lexas. I he ra-
tracting the seed of the cotton plant. It
is of the simplest construction, composed r,s correspgnueni oi iue oiuim-icirti au-
where it takes root.
been cut much in taking up the tree, cut
the top in proportion. -I think the top
should be set low to keep the wind, from
Wrses with two tons. If made nerfectlv having too good a chance to snaKe tne
flVOnfr.n-o Wr..M ho 9Un nd tree, lnm well the tops when the tree
call easily be overcome with a pair of
Vvtrl, advantage would be taken, and
h'Hrri$ loaded -.With four or five tons would
tyis ivithout any additional toil, carrying
eight too heavy for such a road. Le
t$Ution(will be required o regulate the
fightjol loads, so as to prevent imposi
iioi. ; ,
. When these roads" were first thought of,
it Was supposed they w ould not answer
Wftcout.l.o.J the perishable nature of the
material used ; burit is now discovered Session of Congress, durins which a great
(bauhese roads wear out before they de-, deaLof business is yet to be done, and
t)', and thai while wearing out the in- 1 mote might be well done than will be.
Camfe is so great that they will afford 10 We are liappy to be able to remark, how
pw cent, to the stockholder, (the mai- I ever, that a better temper and disposition
np rate allowed by law in the Stateof; for business begins to manifest itself in
-Wtiork.) and Irom 10 to 20 per cent. the popular branch, and that there! is rea-
comes into bearing; so that the sqn and
air can pass to keep the apples from be
ing knotty and from -rotting. All j water
sprouts shpuld be cut off. for 11 that goes
into them is off of ihe body Of the tree.
Z. W. P.
Mercer Co., Ill, 1848. 1
mainly of two cylinders, closely set togethl A'ertiser writes on this subject as follows,
er, a feeder, and the ordinary fan. The under date of December 18th :
t ... i .
!arplus'to keep the road in repair, and SOn to hope that, upon the whole the pre
.t wlen 'necessary. sent Congress will leave a good qharac
, ; wWl take above 3,000 loads of plank ter behind it. Nat. Int. 33 J inst. S
p Wej inches in thickness and eight feet
to iay the; Saratoga and Schenectady
PM, Iri about evcrv seven Vears the
cotton containing the seeds is thrown on
the feeder, from which it is takn by the
cylinder, which extract the seeps whole,
the cotton being passed by the fan into a
receiver. ' The quantity of cottbn clean
ed, bv this machine, it is said, will far ex-
Six weeks only remain of the present ceed that by the ordinary saw in now in
use, and a thiru less power is requtreu to
keep it in operation. By this met hod the
texture and lengh of the fibre isjjcomplete
ly preserved, the value of the Iqotten-will
be greatly enhanced, and the! intrinsic
ivorth is increased from a cent io a cent
And a half per pound. It is Calculated
that a thousand pounds of cotton can be
" The-Communist emigration to Texas,
regard ito taking a
full supply of provisions with them 1 I
a ar j
have just received a letter from my bro
ther there. He writes: "A state of dis
tress and suffering prevails here such as
the world probably never before saw. Peo
ple were so eager to jget gold that they
only thought how to get here. Thousands
upon thousands have rnshed here, bring
ing no provisions with them, trusting
wholly for their supplies from what could
be obtained here. There was none rais
ed here. TAll rushed to the mines. The
though the condition of the members of . sPPv brought from abroad is mostly ex
the .society, who liave spent the summer bausted, and hundreds have already died,
at the new paradiscNm the Red river is , thousands more will d.e, from starva
far from encouraging The enterprise tion and by the hand of each other. Sick
has been conducted with the greatest want jess rages as famine increases and men
of wisdom, and its success is much more have become demons goaded to insanity
doubtful than when it was commenced, by hunger ; and if you have any regard
M. Cabet left in the steamer on the 10th, Jot a brother, for God s sake ship me some
to endeavor to retrieve the blunders of' Provisions to San Francisco as soon as
his subordinates. At the same time a new po or I die of starva ion.
detachment of fifty persons has just sailed Sudi is the way my brother writes me,
from Havre, to assist in the foundation of nd if you think best you can pubhsh it;
lor 11 may preveiu some oiueis uimq mcic
" Icaria." It is to be hoped, for their sake
CAPE FEAR AND DEEP RIMERS.
The bill supplemental to an Act; of the
( at nil c.,
fflvftnd save the trouble of much horse
riH'ssing; fa neighborhood visiting;
about eycrx' seven years
pint. luilt tio,.'. n ln ft ai li
III'. ' " 1U V.IUVilM
PIU Ortl vi'ill k I 1. 1 r..imAn nrncont coceinn innnpnnryfnid n nnmnftnn
Inline for mnnr niirnno - ""' ('or the imnrovement of the Cane Fear and
f tllese ro;ul.i will nlsn rWf n rrnod font- Dcen Riversj (which was reconsidered)
. r , : e - o - . . f .. . . . f. '
passed its last reading in the Hquse ot
Commons on Monday night lasti by a
large majority. The bill provides that
the State shall tafca stock in the company ;
I -Trti. afnrtrtintr flip Stjtfts snh-
!.r.."c roada are also to be a source of I serintinn if th work is not accomplished. I
. lucwuuj to me irreai central 1 i no - inuiviuual suuscrinuon is; lUiuo s TD Fnrifi,
Extracted in the same space oi jiime mat , tain,y as wei as fon lhat of the four
is requirea io extract icmpM- "V- hundred persons already there, that the
.1 . ... ! f 1 1 s mnnVttna . ... . . ..
oy tne common saw-gm. .u......, efforts Gf their chiel may be successful.
rnnv h worked lor ten vears wmijuui, tc
unprovided with sufficient to support them
while there. v Kespecully,
r J. PARKER.
It filled almost the place of a College. Dr. Caldwell in
the letter above referred to,ftates that " ihe exercise of
the. pupils in Clio, consisted chiefly in the study of(jeek,
Latin, and English Belle Letters, Geogrphy, Algebra,
Practical Surveying, nnd the" principles of Navigation.-:
Except in a few instances, neither experimental Phi
losophy, nor Astronomy was made a study. English
cc rnposition, and public speaking ; once every year was
held what was called a. " Public- Exhibition," when
speeches were delivered, dialogues spoken, and plays
acted on a stage erected fur the purpose tub div, (in the
open air,) and the whole community joined the audi
ence," As we learn from old- people who attended them,
these exhibitions were great occasions. - The Trusteei
met at the house of John Sharper or Wm. Sharpe, in
the vicinity, and marched with the Kacafty.and students
at.eompariied with music, to the Academy ; making es
much display as we find at a modern College Con
niencement. , . -
Dr. Waddell was heard to say, long after be left this -part
of the country, that the languages were taught at
this school, better than at any other place in 'the Slate
at that time.
What brought this School to a close is npt known. '
The burning of the house, however, caesed some ex
citement in the County at the time ; and probably ope
rated to -bring it to an end. The person who was the
cause of this was never discovered, though some of 'the
students were arrested on suspicion. One by the nrne
of Beatie, and another named Walker, the brother of
Felix Walker. The latter was put in irons. and coofm
ed ; but Wm. Simonton, Wm. McKee, and Wrn. Duf
fie gave bail for him, and took himto Salisbury to Court,
but noihing was foun? against him, and bia father cn tne
and took him away, lie boarded at one of the nearest
houses, and first gave the alarm of fire.
With the burning of the house the School went down,
and probably, as Dr. C. Mates, about 1787, Just before
this in 17?"j, Dr McCorcte began hie School at V Zion
Parmassus," in Rowan. And just after that Dr. Hall'
set up his Scientific School, at ht gvn bouse near Beth
any Church, where Mr. James Crawford now lives.
The New Yrk Herald states that Mr. Web-
ster has heen fur aome time pait engaged in.
writing a liistory of ihe Administration of Gen.
Washington, that will extend to three volumes".
Mr. WVbafer'f debut as a literary man will he
looked forward to with a great deal of interest,
and his work will no doubt find its way into the
hands of every reading man in the pountry. i
I Fire. From the Newbern Republican
j of the 17th inst., we learn that the Tur-
I rjQ The cotton market of Charleston pentine Distillery belonging to Amos Wade
Was high up, on the receipt ofjthe news Esq., of Newbern. took fire on last-Sat-
of the rise in England. Ccnsidf rable urday evening. The distillery being con-
ipeculation was going on for several days, nected with several buildings, the whole
The New York Post has the following para
I is reported lhat our m re inflnenti;il Ilo-
tnan Catholic citizens, intend to call axpuh!ic
Cure for a Void. The following is a cure
for a severe cold on the lung?, as quoted in the
Water-cure Journal :
Rub the chest and throat with cold water,
holdin" at the same time some Water in the
.... a . 1 I
moinh. In cold climates Ihe wet hannage aromru.
al would-be of service occasiwnal.y.
rch-going, as well as giving the chib
from 5 to 7 cts., dn the 11th
Corn went ud to 55 cts.,1 Lobisianasu-
ar 4 to 5h cts. Molasses 20 to 22J cts.
bf railroads and canals already con- 8120,000.- Ral. Star.
For sale by
Salisbury, Pee. 211843.
; j. n. EXNiss.
were consumed, destroying some 5.000 1
barrels of turpentine and every thing
properlybelonging to the establishment
in the : place. The lois is estimated at
nearlj?315,000. No insurance, f he fire
originated we believe by over-heating the
st i II. I Vilniingtcu Journal.
. it.... r.. I t, .... rfA...-n rf i it l-Il I li n 1. I'llli the ihro:
.v,. v.r.u .JAa; . llr KI .Pi(lpnr,i " warm climate the washing and rubbing aoue
We learn front the New Orleans papers that
Judse Thomas J.'Lncy, a prominent member
,.ftb.. R:.r ..final Piiv dlpd on the 13th instant, , , U,V
of the Cholera, purine Lacy was a native of , wj; Ui before our next Supenrlarr.
t ...A "t.r.al . -i- i i .mm r eircumstaiitia!.weaeirrvi-
iNorth Uarolma. and was eouccu ai v...r. anu.ine muiw .-,
Mit.dk -An individual nam-.) Wiley Goiny.b
- ...-ri i.i-hurnini? Io dead! a
coniMutteu mj our w ".- . " .
I u ""-. y .
ho vra? dependant on hini. A
' t i
' - i
i -I '