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lV.'n .i " IJ-L-J- 1 " -' r . Graham Gen. BtViTrwIllnffOr.vCol
: VRA'li: ROW MEETING.' Carr&an, JW. Norwood, J.-U. Kirk
'1 Mebane, W BailE.
! fnc'-ol. tljf citi'"t fOrjinge, lirM' it ti 6
i-foftorl.H"1' Hill'boro', on Thursday the
f , ' t - f - i . - 1 I
i5mJinf.t l'' , ti ronjiieraiim me sun-
SALT AND MOLASSES.
-!. ; i J
These nre articled of prime necessity .and of
immense consumption with the Speorile; land in
f a jchriap and
fell than in anv ihr. The "tabor! aittt diffi-
; cully of transportation adds three-f ddjto rite
price 'of the one and two-fold to the rjric of the
other, they arrive within the bofder bf quf own
; State. !. " j '.:
j In Wilmiiton ihe article of Sail maybe sta
ted at the ajyeraiie price of tipenljitk cents
. per bushel, and Molasses at ticanfy, regis per
! nhlLn 'I'l... t ,.,:oj miAlirl In Alir tact
'Xltrsolvcil, Mult this mcrling is gratified in . v 1 .Jus ,.J,a nar
' .1 i t i . 7 i. t Wilmington papers are seventeen cents per
mniflndiirr the .liberal nfuiit in regard to In. . .. . . r . ' , . J , Ju
iMi?iiei jor .ine one u.un umcin ijtm s i
I Ion for the other.) Here in Guilford, llje con
! sumer has to pay at least one dollar f r; Salt,
' and forty cents fr Molasses. Thus. th trans-
portation alone of every bushel of Salt' r ow ac
tually costs the consumer seventy-five j cent,
! and of every gallon of Molasses twcjntyj cents.
! Now, how much woulJ be s aved to tie con-
rtect of lire Norih Ctridinfi Hail ' Road, and to
II fuioDt such 'measure! in icwion thereto, as may . . e ... , l
i P Y 1 ; . jt ,. j i is t I., .wl 'be prices of. which the want ol
II IfiiM to -bo so unmediatKy benefited by the ' . , . . ,
4l fn ' i J J- convenient maiket is perhaps!
;; I On motion of Gov. Graham, the mreiing was
: ji )finnizcd bycalliiij: Dr. Ed'ound Strudwick to
' ul Ijo Xihfiir, and. on mrfi-m .f Giles Mehane,
!L tenni lleaiit and Thmnas B.Bailey,
i' ir'Vcre 'appointed Secretaries.
i'J'Mr;!uriiam inenoiiereu u:c following urs
'(fulion!, which he -said iie had prepared at the
remiesi of 'me fi lends : ' !
Gulvi. -The Charleston Courier of 1 hurs
day last cohtatni a mosrremnrkkblc pub.
lication: byf Thos. Cante jeyeolds. Secre
tary of Legation to Spain,! froiTiJaly 184G
to July 1848.. Ori the plea of defending
bimseif from attacks, he quotes from Gen.
Saunder's letters to himselffand tQ Mr.
Buchanan, and his own ? despatches as
temporary Charge de Affitires during the
absence of Gen. Saunders was aathorized
hv Mr Pnllr t'all thf? late . denials to the
j . . . i
air -v --. . . .
MR .jBEXTO ON TE PROTOCOL
A telegraphic despatch dated Wash
ington, March 19 says L l. ct
If on. Mr. Bentonmale, in secret scSr
sion to-day, his threatened attack on the
lato Administration. This assault was
made on the Protocol accompanying the
Treaty, and his speech occupied the whole
day. He will not close his argument,
probably for two days.
He promises to be able to prove that
1 FORSYTH COUNTY.
We learn from the Grecnsbdrough Pat
riot that Forsyth County was organized
las!t week, in pursuance of the act of the
late session creating it.
The following gentlemen were elected
by the Magistrates to fill the respective
oilices, to wit: William Flint, Sheriff;!
Andrew J. Stafford, County Court Clerk ; j
Thomas J. Wilson, County Solicitor; b.
C. Meinunsr.' Register : George Linville,
-p 1 1 1 1 in regart
.ty : telfnal jfnprovi'rni-ijt h
i "fw,.lnVl Xiftfieral Aembly, and that they look to
1 . J' iNe'fonipletiori of a Cnlral Kail Road through
I - j ij" the Stale ai a woil; of the utntot importance to
i I '; hiii'ii character and honor as a sovereign, and to
1 ,tbe priumerity and li'est interests of her people.
'.jiiesofved, ThaV in the opini
iiit the' mpt eliiiile route' for
iuion of this meet-
t ofciich a R(ad, from RalVigh. westward, wheth
f regard le haJ to the greater number ol per
friij To be iaccotnmwJatrd, the quantity and val.
lid' Yd' tlie ilroduclions to be transported, or its
sumer. -if we had navigation, equal to that afford
ed ly the Cape Fear river, into this, eduntry ?
In the published rates of freight frorri Wjjlming.
ton to l'ayeUeville; the charges rc,p28 ; cnl?
per sack on Salt, or a fraction oVPr seven cents
contrary notwithstanding.) to: . propose to ; VhV Mcx can Congress an( ' 1'"'' , Loron"' A,ra
SDaih a nc-otiation' lor the : purchase of;tne Ireatj 0 tneiuexican oon ress, ami ; gunner. Standard Keeper; and Francis
S'-Kik. necdtia&nl was pe. I " .'bsequent to ,. as appeared l.y Mr. , Friet, chairman of the County Court.-
i The Special Court consists of the Chair
j man, Andrew M. Gamble. Philip Barrow,
! John Reich, and Jesse A. Waugh, Esqrs.
The site for the new Court House has
not yet been selected, but will probably
be in the vicinity of Salem.
TDURSD1Y EYEXOe, APRIL i,
Cuba : and that the negotiation was pe
remptorily declined by Spainf. Mr. Rey
nolds quotes from a letter of;? Gen. Saun
ders to himself, dated July 12, 1847, the
astounding declaration that. " sooner than
the English should get any lien on Cuba,
he would stipulate for the United States
to guarantee in some way the payment
of the debt due by Spain, on having a;
mortgage on Cuba.'l This; debt which j
Mr. Saunders was willing to bind the Unr i
Polk in his message- He gives two rea
sons for bis present, course ; first, because
the dignity of the Senate should be asser
ted ; and secondly, that we owe it to the
credit ol t,he country to treat a weaker
nation, like Mexico, with magnanimity.
He maintains that the Treaty would ne
ver have been ratified by Mexico, with
the; Protocol, and that the signing of the
instrument was a monstrous assumption
Ir e are authorised and irauemr.
Josepli I. Caldwell, Er , of
as a Candidate lo represent the second DjrvJ'l,rr
nrt I,nnrrpS9tt the United htnta ,
CONSTITUTION OF SONS OP
By far the larger part of the people oT V
.... . . ma i.t iin.Hnn.lnlJ "
culiar features of the Order of the Solu
o? . l r . J i mL, ' i pt of power on the part of the Commissioners,
ited States to pay, for a mere mortgage 01 1 T1 . .X ... . .....
f- j , a O Un alin anrfloi that f hn I'i'ntnflnl 1 c in fit rarT
uuoa, amounis 10 me cuuunuus sum ui
n I uctlve cas thii riKiic 1
i i i : U aboVo inJicaiftt, ilm 1
-: i loV.will use ibeir lu'st c
' 1 i
4 2'.- . t - 1 :.. 1 : ..
n Jr ' i Z 1 ' V V f nZW: PPr h,,s,'e1' lowin hu.hell to the sack ;
w 111 hefinnd lhrhu-h . (lie Counties of Orange , A ..an J Juk...'
1 Urtd uuilfrd ; ami 119 succcii is liinrctore ai r , v . 7 ' L T . .
'. .iHiAiiri rti. nrr nr iriririfti ifi lilt i 11 .rus in i ; j
I1 1 ; iKCSUiLiii, 1 n.vi it ;vs wn iiinr iiuuouin win
halLbe sclectpd which
nicinlwra of this medf-
cxfrli )!!.'' to rune a sul-
iiirfcnl ubscripiioii lo ral tlnvltoad, so far as
lt'may; pas Ibro Un lfrrilry f this County.
I j Jlcsotml further, That ten Dflgales he ap
jpoinlVd by Cbaifinan of iliis meeting, to at
trtdrt Convention oh th sul-ject -of Ihia Rail
Jtoad, projioied Jbe U'M iii the Town of Sal
ibliry, in tlin month ofJumvnext. j
In Tho iJjeolution having hecn read, tne Gov.
rJiOr ' 'hdilriffljed the inertinu at joine' lenstli,
1pon the uljccl9 rmhraced in lliem. lie spoke J
irf lm , necessity of wmks of improvement in J
rorlh Carolina to eiialde our citizens to coin- j
ffljfit with Hny hope of guccess, with; the c i t i -
jzena oif ovhrr StHten; and if I ho importance of
this work as .a link in tin "rent chain of Vom.
jintiilicatioi between tho Lukes on the North,
I !ahd the (Julf of Mexico on the South. 11 ex-
pfiiitifd it as his opinion, that the best location
i for tho Uotul, would he through the Counties
of ()rangq and Guilford, ihehcujhy the way of
(Islington and Salisbury to Charlotte.
.a d i('vv'a.i Ioq late in the day to discus the
lf.nefitj of uch imprtA'ements ; we had hutifto
!ril)k at Georgia anit other Si te?, to sec tho
fq and 1 energy and prosperity thai they impart
tbjthe citiensi by latilitating and cheapening
i transportation. And how is the Road to ho
Jbuiin Ho did not know whether to invite
topical fropv abroad or not; his opinion was,
that we nerd nut rely much upon capitalists in
" iilher; Slafem, nor upon ihe few at home. ' li
trit ho done I y .tho hone and sinew
the purpose of coYering all possibly
sions, andof allowing the most li
mates in our calculation, let us say
oathe bushel lor Salt and three cents
gallon fot IMolassses, up to Fayetteville
FiyettevIlaJeing about the half' way piint he
tweeri Wilmington aof Guilford siipp ise we
had facilities equal to those afforded hly ll e Cape
Fear extended amongst us, then the above
charges for freight, increased in proportion to
the distance,, would hring us Salt at jjlwenty
cents on the bushel, and Molasses a: six cents
on the gallon, for transportation ; or fo 't'y five
cents per bushel, and twenty-six ccnii phr gal
lon a$ the entire prices of these aitic'es. A
wide difference from the rates wh'nrh 'i now
pay ! y-
Navigation we. never can have in th is infe.
rior region ; nature has not only provided for
it, hut has thrown up uitsurmounniblo farriers
to such improvement by art. But we ciinhave
a mode ol transportation equally :heip and
much more speedy by Railroad. We ave no
present means of ascertaining the usual aver
ae rates of freight on railroads ; hut; wej are in
formed by the intelligent gentlemen; that they
are cheaper than the river rates.
Now let our readers compaueithe
ces (45 cents for Salt and 26 cents
ses) with the priqes he now pays and estimate
the annual savmjjunder the smaller pride, rar
ther, let him find the population! of
county in our interior make as corjrecjt an es-
coinlry, by tlwxe who will take a small amount
'til! stock, and pay for it by the sweat 6f their
brow. It must be cn:iged in as a work to
. hrjproye the condition of the State, and to en
banco; tho ; vahio of the land, aud not as a
ichemn of peculation on tho money hives.
lfl, iliouli tlie stock may uud probably will
yield something; Vhen the hooks were open-
for . Bubjcriptiou, ha hoped all who could
' fiord to contribute any thing, whether littler or
fnuch,; would come forward and lake stock; not
hough to injure them, if the stock should not
i bp profitable, hui as muclL.asthey would be
filling to pay for the a lrantnges which such
ti improvement 'would' afford them.
it I Wo have attempted only to irive a slight
ikctcli of a few of ih.A subjects.upon which iho
governor dvet, antt aro( very sensiole that
, f fen !in tli'i wc have not hecn able to do him
j$iice. . ' "j
jiites Mcbane, Fq. followed Governor Gra.
1iam,iwiih a few plain but impressive remarks
iri which"; he. set foilh some of the roasons
l"uh'rQh iujticed him, as a member of fh'e Le.
fIatiire, U favor the North Carolina Railroad,
lie KfatPtj'that hitherto,, when a project of this
Klnii Was brought torw.1rd, it was immediately
ichristenel as a Whig Or Democratic measure,
and as such had arrayqd jigainst it a strong op
position.. Rut on this measure, liberal ami
Intelligent rnert of both political parlies were
bronlit together ; nttd usider such circumstan
Cff h,e felf assured lhat it must and will be ac
Coihplishcd. I Tho Whiis by themselves can
do much ? lwit what cannot bo 1 tteeomnlished
'when both are jinited in their cffoits? Mr.
iMebjws answered very satisfuctotily ope. of the
ibjecifon frequently urged against a Railroad,
Viz, that it will break down the business of
; .wagoning ; and wo would be glad to give the
arnmei j-ist as he .prciicnied it; hut this we
ranniol hiiempt.: Wheij bo spoke of tho loss
j'i-f time, the expense of keeping extra horses,
' 'he !tposure of health, ami even the sacrafieo
f-f liftj in the bininess, we heard a farmer andiV
; (bly tjnd feelingly assent to the truth of his
j; Utejneiil. Ho concluded this , part of his ar
i Viirn'Mit bv taiiiig that our farmers mi"ht AU
' . . : . . e
f'liMHOVeil IO mUl'll more nrnhtil i uninnto
timato as he can of ihe quantity of
ally consumed- and ascertain: the
money that would be every year saved ion this
'r ; one article alone, by those means of itratisporta
f he L, ... . J , , ., i ' , .
I uon wnicn are approvea ny me age ana aaopi
ed throughout the civilized world.
He will he
astonished by the result. Greens.
ine l'atnot has been led into ohe ferror in
the above sensible article. We alhidoj to the
relative freightson Rail Roads a id Rivers
j neriver is mucn the cheaper lor heary arti
clesTsuch as Salt and Molasses. iayj Oft.
I thauAV:t.anin if we hadaRaiirdad completed ' s',n a f "rn lheJc
f Va.;tH relieve them from lire necessity ofar- ! !'p-, A e!,,m ofw
j ibing their produce so great a distance toffind i Usl ln(J l,ie V6
From the Detroit Advert Her.
IMMENSE FLOOD AT CHICAGO.
200,000 Dollars' worth of Property destroyed
Loss of Life. I
Chicago, March, 12-1-4 P. M.
About 10 o'clock this morning Jheimass of
ice in the South Branch gave way, parrying
with it the bridges at Madison, at Randolph and
Wells streets in fact, sweeping ofl every
bridge over the Chicago river a sq ;rnany of
the wharves. There were in port 4 steam
boats, G propellers, 24 brigs and 47 caial boats
most of which havo been totally deslitoyed or
sjeriously damaged. - p
Tho moving mass of ice, canal lioikts, pro
pellers and vessels, was stopped at the foot of
I Clark 6lreet, but withstood the pre ssure hut a
! moment, crashing vessels and filling spars
giving note of the ruin that was to:folljiw.
A short jfstance below, the river wis again
dammed, below Kinzie's warchouscl Here
the scene was most indescribable. Vessels, pro
pellers and steam boats were thrown 'together
in the utmost confusion, forming a pdatii across
the river, which hacked the water tot an un
precedented height. At this point, at ll A.
M., they stiil remained; in all 2e vessels 2
propellers, the Ontario and Gen. Taj-lor, two
steam boats, the Ward and Pacificrte C. Y.
Richmond, Whirlwind, Diamond, Benfon, &c,
all more or less injured ; the propc lle Ontario
very badly. There are also a numbeilof canal
boats sunk at this point.
We hear of several lives being lost. A boy
was crushed to death at Randolph stree t bridge;
a little girl was .killed by the falling bf a top
mast. A number of men are reported to have
lost their livies on canal boats which have been
e, and bridges a it broke
three hundred and fifty millions of dollars ! !
Had the Administration taken leave of its
senses ? or did Gen. Saunders thus speak
without authority ? Be this as it might,
it is fortunate for all parties that Spain
would not listen, to any proposition on the
subject. J ' j
Another letter from Gen. Saunders is
quoted, in which he says, V I wonld write
to Mr. Buchanan on the subject, had I fall
confidence in him but as I have not I
shall reserve to myself the liberty of act
incr on the general instructions." &C, This
...0 . - - ; .
letter was dated July;24, 187. t5ix days
afterward, viz : on the 30tft July,' 1847,
Gen. Saunders wrote to Mr. Buchanan
himself, that he " had greater confidence
in the present Mr. Polk's Cabinet in re
gard to this important subjeeti and should
like much to have the benefit of his Mr.
Buchanan's views," &c. -i
Mr. Reynolds says he was; aware of the
fact, that " Mr. Polk was in the habit of
transmitting directly to the LT. States Min
ister at London, instructionsi on the Ore
gon question, departing most materially
from the positions taken in the official cor
respondence of the Department of State ;
and that on that question the late Presi
dent had acted both his parts (of a 49 deg.
man and a 54 deg. 40 mini man at the
s.ame time, with such consummate skill,
that even those in the secret were great
ly perplexed to know what Were his real
intentions. I supposed that Mr. Saunders
was honored jwith a close intimacy by
Mr. Polk, as he (Mr. S.) in feply to inqui
ries of Captain Elliott, formerly British
Charge in Texas, had felt himself author
ized to state to the gentleman, (who, as I
presume, and as Mr. Saunders himself sup
posed, carried the information immediate
ly to Lord Aberdeen,) that; Mr. McLane
possessed in a higher degree than Mr.
Buchanan, the confidence of the Presi
When it is borne in mind that this Mr.
Reynolds was and is a Locofoco, appoint
ed to office by Mr. Polk, his picture of the
duplicity of Polk and Saunders, and their
utter want of confidence in Buchanan, is
Mr. Reynolds states that our Minister
lived in so retired a manner in Madrid,
and was so little known, that the Spanish
Prime Ministerbr-oi to ask hirh to a form
al diplomatic entertainment, to which the
Ministers of other governments were in
vited. " His ignorance of any modern
language but his own, (says Mr. R.) ne
cessarify confined his social intercourse to
the English residents at Madrid, and the
few Members of tho Diplomatic Corps, or
Spaniards whb understood his own tongue.'
This ignorance of the Spanish language
led to a laughable incident, no less than
Gen. Saunder's writing a formal complaint
to his Secretary for omitting to call, on an
inclement Sunday and inform him of the
news, published that day in extras of eve
ry journal in Madrid, and in' the mouth of
every one, that a Republic had been pro
claimed in France !
Our Minister in France, Mr. Rush, is
stated to be equally unfortunate in notun-
contravention of the Treaty, and vitiates :
those portions of it to which it refers. He ;
charges Mr. Polk and his Administration j
with direct falschoqd.
The Whig Senators will, it is believed, j
remain passive in the affair ; but the Loco ,
Senators arc boiling with indignation., '
They declare that Mr. Benton is making ;
this Protocel a bridge to carry me over j
the stream that divides the two parties,!
and that the first instalment of the price ;
of his adhesion to the Whigs was the ap
pointment of his son-in-law Mr. Jones.
They denounce it as monstrous perfidy
and baseness to call up those charges af
ter the Administration has been scattered
to all parts of the Union, and when its mem
bers are no longer in a position officially
to rebut the charge. ... ,
Mr. Benton will, in all probability, vote
alone on his side of the Chamber.
c i i, Ce"r 1 ". , k "SO,i Temperance, bul so rapid is their .WaiV
S. Hill. Esq., having resigned the office of ! . r, . . .
Postmaster in this place, in February last,
the appointment was conferred upon Col.
William Gott, a gentleman well known to
hoped that it will net be very Jon before 1
most every neighborhood shall have it$ fyT
sion. With a view to supply all the r'
the public, and qualified by the strict cor- lion relative to the Order, and toUstea tkA.
a i . , I i ,1 .! -II 1. . -
reclness of his business habits to discharge
with fidelity the duties of the office. The
new incumbent is to take charge to mor
row (the commencement of a new quar
ter ; and we understand that an arrange
ment has been made with Mr. Robert N.
McCulloch, the present accommodating
assistant, to continue his services in the
Office. We are pleased to announce this
arrangement, as a guaranty that the du
ties of the place will be discharged in a
manner at once faithful to the Govern
ment and agreeable to the public.
The Office will be at once removed to
Colonel Gott's Hotel, on West street.
sirable consummation alluded to tbov
give in this paper and our next, be Cooi;
tion and By-Laws by wnich the' rniWlfr
governed. We commend it to the crefu
rusal of all those good men in the Cuuntrj,
are ever ready to embark in schemei V4
hold out a reasonable hope of bene fining ioq
ety and their fellow man.
COL. FREMONT- A DISTRESSING
The Philadelphia papers received last
night contain the subjoined painful intel
ligence relating to Col. Fremont and his
party, which we are sure will be read
with melancholy interest by many of our
citizens, who, besides great personal re
gard for Col. Fremont, feel a deep inter
est in the success of bis enterprise. 1 he
latter part of the story is evidently mere
St. Louis March, 2G, 1819.
Intelligence from Santa Fe to Feb. 2
has been received at Independence, Mis
souri. The Republican contains letters
from Taos, which represent the winter as
having been so very severe that Colonel
Fremont, while passing through one of
the mountain gorges, lost 130 mules in one
Being then left on foot, he came to the
conclusion that it was impossible to pro
ceed further, and finally he dispatched
three men to seek the nearest settlement
and procure succor. This party not re-
turning in twenty days, Col. Fremont start
ed himself for Taos, distant 350 miles,
where he arrived in nine days.
Major Beale immediately dispatched a
party of dragoons, with mules and prov i
sions, to relieve Col. Fremont's men. Col.
Fremont, though much emancipated and
worn out by anxiety and the deprivations
to which he had been subjected, accom
panied the dragoons.
The sufferings of the party are repre
sented to have been so very great they
were even reduced to the necessity of feed
ing upon the bodies of their comrades.
Mr. Greene, who brought this news to
Independence, left Santa Feseveral days
after its publication.
Later reports say that all of Col. Fre
mont's party perished except himself, and
he is badly frostbitten.
Our correspondent at Independence ex
presses doubts as to the correctness of this
news, but we do not see with what reason.
Plank Road. Wc subjoin the folio.
ing which is taken from the Fayettevi!je
Carolinian of the 28th March. VTetref
giau io see inai puuuc attention is beitj
drawn to this important subject, and slv
( ; cerely hope lhat the route by the way
Messrs. Kerr and Vcnnble. We are , Gold-Hill and Albemarle, may find farcj
exceedingly gratified to see the announce- j Anolher ,elter from a genlleman in
ment that John Kerr, Esq., has again be-' , . . .
come a candidate for Congress, in opposi- i son sPeakl6 of lhc Plank Road, says:
tion to Mr. Yenable. Now is the time There are a few of u in the urnn
for this intrepid and faithful Whig patriot end of Auson who think that the pi&fr
a . - n .i i .
anu oraior to pui lortn nis strength, a
gainst the assaults of locofoco disorganiz
es upon the integrity of the Union. Mr.
Venable, we understand, promulgates doc
trines tending directly to disorganization
and dissolution doctrines imbibed by as
sociation with the Calhoun junto, no doubt;
calculated,' if not intendedt to work the
destruction of the Republic, in order that bemarle to Salisbury.
the unholy ambition of a few disappoint
ed individuals may be gratified !
The defender of his country's integrity
against the assaults of such, men will be
entitled to, and will receive the approba
tion and reward of a grateful people.
A SIGNIFICANT FACT.
The committee appointed to ascertain
the number of deaths of Asiatic Cholera
in New Orleans, among the Sons of Tem
perance in that city, and the adjoining
towns of La jFayctte, Algiers, and Gretna,
report that tlere are Twelve Hundred and
Forty-Three members of different Divi
sions in those places. Of this number,
6ny three deaths occurred by Cholera and
of these, one had been a member only a
week, another less than a month, and the
third was a watchman who was much
exposed. In the city, the proportion of
deaths was fifteen to ever' thousand in
habitants, while among the Sons of Tem
perance, the proportion was not quite one
to every four hundred.
Road from Fayetteville to Salisbury rccjt
come the old county line road from Drowa-
ingoreeK to ree JJee. Ihe dividing line
tween Montgomery and Richmond tWs
through a small part of the upper end of
Anson, on Rocky River, and crossing si2
river at Winfield's Ford, 7 miles from it! t
moutb. in a direct course ; thence br KL
This route is le-
t r w .
vei and tirm, and well timbered. Thii
will secure a great portion of the Ansoa
trade to Fayetteville. I made a survejof
the county line road lrom ree Lice fo
Drowning Creek a few years ago, and
feel satisfied that it is the best route for &
road, and would make it more proffaWe
to the stockholders. Should voa see any
chance of said road taking this Toute, 1
hope you will give it your influence, w
all the people in the upper end of Anson
would trade with Fayetteville werejitnot
for the great distance."
Moslellers Paper Mill place, is the Low
CCP A Committee of gentlemen Iron
Buffalo, N. Y., waited on President Tn-
lay, a few days ago, and presented hia,
with a box of beef, of exquisite flavor,!
and of the production of that Ihrfvisg
The Fayetteville Carolinian, vrboe ed
itor appears lo be an envious, and lope
less Democrat, thus speaks of this matter.J
"The Constitution verjy wisely prbyi3m
against the President receiving presenaf
of any kind from foreign potentates; an4r
it seems to us lhat it is high time it vru
iriiwuntio ji ii in i rim willed I.T llic y ( - , i i '!""
ell of Western Carolina. We were there ! 80 anded so as to prohib.t sect wmhfi.
on Thursday last, and felt gratified to find i lo accompusn sectional purposes.
writing, the w
ai e heing rcmovedyrom the
ring put the tl,afras from 4heir field.sin re, 'ate the extent of ihe injury wl,chjas been
- i.sitif. ih. ir fnro- t nrnvtn ! ,ktpi e fear the loss of Ufa han bden much
! ilearir m .ml f5l.5.. tK5.' 'mre than has heen reported. Wei
adJiog grPHihf tollie value of their nlanta-1
;tii, nnd inuliiplying,. amount f productions i
j jwhich w.uld fjnd a ma'iket almost ail tneir ve. I
j. jiy dor., Out thing he rprepenied as certain ; '
hnleis .imnhing Wa dune1 to improve the Von- !
I ilitioii of ihe people f Sunh Carolina, the en- I
S ;b'rpriMiig purtion of them wonld einiTrnt arid !
where better faHJitMs for get- !'
i t Ki,!S5;t''im,r wer n''1 denied them, ile 1
Bridgeport that the bridge over the lock is gone.
and that about 16Q feet of embankmetht on the
feeder has heen swcpt.away also.
The letter writers frpm Washington
mention that opposition vi'as made in the
Senate to the confirmation of Col. Paine's
nomination, on account of his conduct in
quelling the mutiny amorig the volunteers
in Mexico. The opposition is said to have
proceeded from the Virginians. The real
ground of hostility, we imagine, was, that J have been guilty ot the acts imputed to
the office was not gi veq to irginia, which j some gentlemen. There can be no apol
CLOSING SCENES IN CONGRESS.
Thcreports of the proceedings in both
Houses of Congress during the session of
Saturday night, exhibit scenes of the most
discreditable character scenes of person
al violence and outrage humiliating to the
country, and well calculated to bring its
National Legislature into disrepute We
regret that any member of Congress
should have so far forgotten the dignity of
his station and his own self respect, as to
flood in the Illinois Rirer.Exttict of a
letter dated Ueardshnvn.. III., Marh 13ih :
"Tho water is higher now than1 it has been
since the great flood of 13-14, aha j am not
sure but a tar greater destruction ot! property
will be the -result. NVarlv all tlie i ouses on
the river have fallen, one of whicihl In eiten.
vi.iuni ii to be 'Known-lhat he was in favor of
i op luur.'a't s.fti had said that his
.i,m,,m mailer w,!( be nnpop,,! r He did nbUsive pork establishment, suffered to ilie amount
:oMMVf , lit h:t(l vol to lf.nn lKn NrCt rwn 1 -11 .1.. . i f. i ti .
rlr nl llll I noirlv all Iho r.t..l. L III
il)l womkJ not Mistain one whrw l.onn,il.. :,i r i... .u Ll &
" . . -i. - - iii ijvku i ni iru ilia i mm I'lirrnut t- -m
niij ivwir..!!., .,.t . i x: : j mw umitMiu
ir7..V. ' I' . ,lf,n mo ft1 inHr in. quantiHesot wheat and corn stored for shipping
wt - "e conchil-d bv faviii!? that wind. 1 ihnn .iKa .k.'.i.i it' vi "
r- - - j i n iiitii.nuviis ruuu u lit: unpii nava
iM'en OPiiroVwl. And lhc wafpp siil
is so neglected in the bestowal of favors.
as to have perhaps not quite one-half of
all the offices in the Army and Navj and
Civil List. Col. Paine's conduct in Mex
ico having been emphatically approved by
the Court of Inquiry and by all his supe
rior officers, that must have been a mere
pretext, and a most shallow one, too, for
the opposition to his confirmation. It was
unsuccessful. Fay. Obi. -
A pleasing countenance 'is
a silent recom-
f UOK U l 4'afillV lMr(..ni..a . t...? k'ii 11 I--
;jg!.Mo ,r,. wu.ilie iu.if f,r subscript ions and
: graduig co,lSe,, who M mm, Huward most
,rhee,lolly p.. h-nd U.eir aJ, ,0 i,n)r,tvin the
o,jd,.,i,,tof the people and Heraih,. tbe T State
H North f.,,dma to the rank wlud, hc ought
' Io JmIJ Hin-in her iiters.
!. ;t .- ;nff ffluiioiM Were then
V ''mv'n 2Tii Ume nHrVre a ppoinied ly
j the, Clijiirnnn, hi conf-rmitv vHli ihe 4th reso.
I it.h'ii. nsfH-jeai.o ihe t;onveiiton proposed
ii.. t... I. ..1,1 ii ..n.i i t . .x'.
v v ' i""M in wuuf iit'ii, tion.
ifcwnm, i cua, J;ne?, lion. V. A
from two to
three ffpt deep q the stieet. Oir town is in
a most alarming sta4e, and it is impossible to
tell what ihe amount endamage may ) el he."
again read, and
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
Hcctiug of tie Grand Division !
The BrethrefTof the Order of the Sons of Temperance
will bear in mind that the Grand Division holds its next
Session in this place on the 26tfe April next.
Arrangements having been made o accommodate tlie
Members of the Grand ( Dividson", it is hoped that we
shall have a full attendance.
1 he members ot ' tue -Urder generally . are invued to
attend. C. S BROWN,
G. L. GOULD.
Salisbury, March '23, 1849. ;
ogy ofiVred for them ; fpr, whatever dif
ferences may have occurred, or however
improper the language which may have
been used in the excitement of debate,
neither the Senate nor the House
the proper places to settle accounts be
tween members by resort to personal
, combats. We unequivocally condemn
such proceedings, and think that they
I will not be approved by a single individ
ual of respectability in the Union. Ral.
And we also add our condemnation,
i hoping that the constituents of the often
i ding members will save the Country tHe
1 disgrace of such another scene.
every branch of mechanics almost, in full
operation, and the quality of paper, itself,
far superior to much now in use in our
State. But a small portion of our edition
this week is printed on it, but it will be
in future.' Our neighbors shouldgive
Mr. AI. encouragement, as he is a kind
and4 accommodating gentleman.
The Cotton Factory of Messrs. J. 6c
E. B. Stowc, young men of the right sort
of enterprise, continues its operations night
and day, with two sets of hands ; (and
some right pretty girls among them, but.
we have nothing to do with that part) the
machinery is of th? latest improvement,
and besides usefulness is very pretty. We
hope our young friends of the Buena Vis-
1 ta factory will prove as successful as Old
Zack. himself, for their yams arc said to
i be reished as inferior to none in the mar
ket. A Saw-mill, Blacksmith, Tinner shop,
Store, Carpenters. Plumbers. Painters and
every thing else for a little village is all
on the hill. .If the road were made a lit
, th? better at some places, we would re
I commend the public, and strangers, gen-
were ! erally, to pay our Lowell a visit, and give
Lincoln county, and her citizens the cred
it to which they are justly entitled, for
industry and enterprise native at that.
. Lincoln Courier.
How much more honest it would bet?
keep in a good humor, and content your-
I wish 'twas I r or it
that had this Buffalo bfff
least, Mr. Cass,
But, to be in earnest, .does the Caroli
nian really fear that this box of beef 1
blind President Taylor's eyes, or corrupt
his heart 1
The steamship Canada, arrived at N. YrS
on the 2Gth ultimo from Europe with inte.S
' gence to ihe 10th of March. Ity bi rnu
wc learn that the Old World is not yet 6ft'V
down, hut that the spirit of Revolution n '
rife as ever. In Austria ihe war isragin'J
lently. The Hungarians Riving the ip-.pet
troops much trouble and in many ltue ;
featinir them. Austrian tnxjps have
Italian Tricolor. -Ky a df :ree of the
Provisional Government of Rc ftkef the It
alian colors green, red, and wftiie-re
adoptedjor the army of the lorpan xRe
public. A The name of the PopriJunDress-
pJ ia all public documents arid judicial
sentences, and the Koman Republic sub
siittit.nl ;.i,,L..i .I , i '
O" We are authorised and; requested to annonnce
JOHN H. HARDIE. as a canifidate for re-election to
the officei of County Court Clerk of Rowan, at the en
suing August election. ;,
O We are authorized to announce OBADIAII
WOODSON, a3 a candidate fpr the Office of Superior
Court Clerk For Rowan Count j. '
GEN. TAYLOR'S SUCCESSOR IN THE
At a dinner in New Orleans on the 22J, Gen.
Gaines said in his ppeech : '
It gives me much pleasure and pride to be
restored to my old command of this division.
I am ihe first officer of the United States Army
who ever relieved a President elect, and I trust
I may not he an unworthy successor of go good
a man and brave a soldier.'
! LAND DEEDS
Beautifully printed .and for sale here-
Gen. Scott returned to Washington last Tues
day and the next morning paid his respects to
j th President. His health is restored, and, it
j is said, he will, in future, make hid headquar-
f n tc in I 11 f rt
Gold again ! Our neighbors, we fear,
will soon begin to doubt our truth, from
the almost unheard of turn outs that have
been made by some of our mines. Last
week,We bragged largely on Messrs. Cans
ler 6c Shuford, but lo ! our paper was hard
ly off the press, when a " eegraphic"
(negro graphic we might say) dispatch
was handed us, announcing, that on Tues
day one bushel of ore, out of the vein,
made 1,930 dwts., and was panned out in
one afternoon by two hands. Beat that,
who can ! Lincoln Courier
A Washington correspondent of the Norfolk
Beacon says :
'Mr. Reverdy John-on, I Jearn, upon enter
in" on the duties of hi office, remarked lo the
Clerk and Messier, both Democrats, please
retain your offices.' ' Now, added he, I am
delighted that I have disposed of all my patron-
ng them. Austrian troops
the Roman Republic, by taking pn
citadel of Perrara. and ravins contribution
.1 if i . .1 n -I! V . if it tell
me cny. v nai tne eitect win oc, i-
known, but we can easily foresee that toe
must load lo hnstilo rniliclrm.
'i'l n . r.. nA it is W-4
x uv i ujic is eiiii ill vjru, ;
from 'RUM!10 ,
li I m in rnnnninrr V i a 1 Arf nAtl'Pf .
Ti nl.i. ppmin b tRp general opiD'03
, ' i irfa
1 1 . Jt.. i.U nhrl v'
nar will lll'?l assuiruij inni "fb'C
A i, sir ii nnrl iKo Nk rifkt!
Austrian Army ontiie r roniieM"""!
mined to adhere to the treaties ci i-1 1 . i-t
much as they have not been leg31' jjiyJ
with the consent of the other poer, ;
the Ciar' Goverpmfnt will consider ere
olation of those treaties as an act
has the co-op
France is quiet, and Louis Npl
. . .i rr. iVio neopi'i . . ?.
iu iiitiiiiiciiii nit; autre 1 1 "ii a ui i
less such violation
consent of Russia.
From Spain we learn that the Car1'1
L i l . t - . i i,,tpn
nas agiin ueen neaien oy toe iJ
very well. Kvery demonstration i -
is instantly put down and the fomenters r
linsland and Ireiana are quici- -
mercial news is not so favorable. .
fallen, and every other article wai
-.,.. - i -