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ffi,r r2ch subsequent insertion. Court order. chnrgrd
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HRTTNER & JAMES. 9 (i) t! T : kJs c xrrw cumn ,
,,: X 4 H!"KEEI.AlcHECKrPOSV0VI. ggfP ' Do THIS, ASD LlBERT IS SAFE. "" 1
iTJior. PrO)rtCor. j if )i ;Rclees. i j C. ! Gea'l Ilarri.on. ) VOLUME VI NUMBER 9
- 'I f : i , . . j, : S . . j : j
. - SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, JULY 5, 1849." . ! :
Tt1 XVfff 7Vac i ccj A lie tipacti
i i r ' r'.. ,i.2A:n '
liowr fcr wuich they wither anu die. Jt j
has -Wo suggested that grubs arp the
mr!nf'thia' caHv ' decav. and that they
?'"'can,'hcyfliE.stroytd by removing the ground
woud aihes or newly bornt. lime, wbieh , ed theiriguns, went at it with dirksikui tes
SbpuIUvpc Icl.t tUI tall ana i''" "r.Vlr I k t .
ct10 lUn Crn1 rnn tret to (hem. It this
, ijv a ; a.a a ... j
is proV)ely manngrd, the latter uin cneci
;thc destruction of the worms without m
urin the tree.
TJjc above receipt for destroying the
rubs iri Teach Trees, We find, is going
t si ;
A mab by the name of Gillis. who Was
leadjpg the Franklin company!, was snot
through the heart and instantly killed j
About 5 were wounded, ssomp danger
ously, i V' t ii ' !'
The I fight lasted an hour and a
wan, me line oi comDatants stretcning
for anV thin? like it- nor for anv thin? in m nearlv a million snuarp. milps enough
. " O " , ! 7 0 !: ! 4 T
relation to slavery, but the direct oppo- Jo make twenty gtates of 50,000 square
ijite fora clause in relation to j free peo- miles each mor in fact than all Califor- I slave party of the North were fully sensi- Churcfi Consecnttcd
le of color, and by wjiich, it was con- jhiia, and New Axico and Oregon put to- , ble. and duly grateful. Thoy gave proof OidinaiWru Preslto
any man that has ever appeared on the
C P L . I .'... .
iti,u oi me eann; ana oi this the anti
' ! KErouT or -tug ' j! t y
Committee on ike atate of the.CIiurch, witbiVe :.
procccdiogs thereon. PulJishcd bj tlictPL-'
der of jhe Tbirtr-tbird ConTention, be!4 ia''
Si. Lue Church, Salisbury, N. C.
The Commiitee on the state of iho Cbiirch-
rp.tprclfully report : That from the 'BUhop'sA
Address, and the Parchial Reports prctentrtl
to this Conrrntion, iKey find lie number if
Baptisms to hare been- -Adult
144, Children 400 in all - 6fi
Candidates for Onlcr, m 0 x
Number of Ciergy IVesbytert 34
.Making, wjth the P.ishon, in all t
the jpunxls of the newspapers ; and as we fro!I1 the corner of 8th and Ftzuiterko der any pretext, w
Wave tVictlthe experiment and know some- ! Broad street, the residents of which wlref sion was found in i
':i!iing;'ff';its practical effects, frk not,amissi ; much alarmed. ' j -i I
it6 rt'latc; our rxpenencc. ve mauc tue - w r-" ...Mv iui-s
i i . 0 i.ip'derers of Gil lis are in custody, the bnly-
rU'P icxttion of wood ashes tp some . hall .xm . - . , y . f
"M -m-'-j J .i c - r . arrests that have been made' as yet,
dojeftj-young trees this Spring, first scrap- though ( ipmayor and sheriff have a large
ts v. v b mv vww nosse in Dursuu oi inc rioiers. - i
t!)d trqcs as above described, boon l atter
ttie leaves put out wc dbcovcred tht all
was not Yight. Thcj commenced crisp,
ing or curling, and continued to grow
rvew lexico ana Brecon pui to- . Die. ana Uulv crate u . Thov Pavn nrnnf uiamaihjns rreslnieri r n.t,. i ii.t , n
tjended, the citizens of other States might I gather. Over alt this vast territory the of their gratitude. Mr. Calhoun was then These taiistica bein2 compared wUh thow
proviso, supported by Calhoun, abolished j candidate for Vice President of the Uni- ' 184"' 'here being none given in the Re
slavery abolished it, then existing by j ted Slates ; he became the favorite of the V'Tt of 1l3) hnw an increase of 11 of the
law, fwid shut it up from the slave emi- , North beating even Mr. Adams, himself . c,,mmu'cai, 223 Bapiism.
.1- : "t.no line commiitee tind rjch cim of
e prevented from removing: to Uhe State
(ff Missouri. The clause was this: "To
prevent tree negroes and mulattos' lrom
coming to, and settlinglin this State, un-
wVQrse' and. worse.! After a while a small
Benton and Mr. Calhoun.
We subjoin farther extracts from the
speech bf Col. Benton. They will riot
; rc4iAh!irpvvn insect, with .barely percep-J fail to attract the attention of the reader,
tiblc animal li'f. made its appearance on ; ftn if we are not mistaken, to cphvine
th1vrs,0'.'..iiious4tatids; and as they S llim tha( the memory of Mr. Cajlhouh,
.slow!' disappeared, tli' leaves began to
droop. ; faking the alarm wc forthwith
rtjmovedithe ashes -from thexfoots to re-
turn the soil ; and in doing so, found the
Voo'ts bigbly colored by the effects cif the
, -ashes, and the Urtrk so tender that it was
c&.tfly removed with the finger nail.r We
weret66; latu : The ashes had done the
Vorkf: ,Tji el eaves withered and driejd bp;
jitid tir trees, the sObj(;ct of two or jtbrce
yfarsUicntion, were all killed.
'Dili. vt arc not convinced, nevertheless,
that tlie bad effects of the ashes in this"
case jnusf necessary: attend its applica
lidn in altcasc But wo are convinced,
however, jhat a caution against usjng too
much.ashes should accompany this re
cfifi.J They should be applied sparipgly.
Otherwise, unless the trees are large mis-
cKief'Wjll ensue. We would not risk Inore
th tn i half pint to each tree of one or two
jirnrs growth. Old ones will bare more ;
ftnil vv hen full grown, we 'have found that
.a.gatlun is not too! much. ,
hatever." The provi
sion was lound in clause 4, sectton 20, of
article ;3, of the constitution, and was ob
jected to as being inconsistent! with the
cjonstitution of the United States, and. the
rights of the States, as in some of those 1
States free people of color might be citi-
ens. 1 his was the c ause obienfptl tn
, , . .,;
nd not the one sanctioning slavery. Mr.i
gration of the South. And now what be
comes of the dogma, in his mouth, and that
nnt iprmoemlth.Ai- ii. i . l : -. i.noiino Committee rind lUth MDI rf
" finiaiMiuai.H. IJCitl mill SIX VOIPS : .1 i i . . " "-
in New York mn 1 o Uod j..r th.8e manifestalions of
- ' ' ' - .vj citiu li IX I 1 14
of his fnllnvvprs. So TPontlv irPnt.,l f ! I.im fKr.V, II.. nurcn incrasp, ihey deplore I he exist-
no foT in Co to feg,, , u on ,d Rr-f i . Z&ZT
vvl S,U. 3 s!tvf.rY.-in- tpr"tones?- ; Massachusetts-and came a nose ah. ad trine, haie Wen preached not in accordance
What becomes, ih their mouths, of the ; on the northern track. He actually beat u-iih the Liiurv and Articles of this Churxrh,
newfangled point of honor, just felt for Mr. Adams in abolition states and with and that ceremonies and practices have been
the first time in thirty years, of insult to j justice. He had done more than him for introduced either u,-ni!l...ri'd by the customs
slave States in their exclusion from set- free soil, and with more merit hpinrhim. of this Church, or in Iilaili vii!atinn ef It a m.
----9'waaaMaB j - . . - w mm m m va
?! tlement to the territories bousht by tho self dn inhabitant nf 1fv n I irA cs Aft it not the tni&itii nf iKa rvrv
alnoun says the constitution was reman-! blood and treasure of the whole Union ? him all this in mv first Cnlhnunuir in th miiiee to gay, thev do not av. whether or r.At
ed back to the State to have the slavery! Louisiana was a territory, and Consrress I Senate of the United States four rlv nf. such d.icirine have heen preached .or suH
qlause expunged. It was not remanded?! legislated upon slavery out of a million of ter he nut in his fire brand resolutions in Praclice: introduced ; but ih'-y state at-their
iT !!. ! !., . I r . 1 . m . -!..!! ".:
1UF me purpose oi naving any thing ex-jj square miles oi it, and Mr. Calhoun sup- I my speech to show him to be the true au
punged, but the contrary to have some- ! forteo! that legislation. Louisiana was a ' thor of the Mexican war."
tjhing added to obtain the legislative as-' terntory acquired by the treasure, if not !
sent ot j the btate to the oint resolution of by the bipod, of the whole Union ; and the
1 . !
CVoMiipwo;.v.-WeIiavc received from
Mr. Kt'ruH Reih, of Mount Mourne, Iredell
county & cotton blossom, which must have
qpei5:d jan the 28t!i June. sThis is early,
ibi'iyu'e' consider; the bacliwardness of
the -Hpriiig,, the late frost, &c The! ear
ilooms reported to uslastean, vere
r. H, S. 'MclvENfE ; and they opened
on the same day, the 28th June So that,
We Jtliotild suppose, there is no very; ma
terial difference between the prospect of
the. cotton crop in this section of country,
liis ypar ahd that of last year, at a corres-
pondihg period of its growth. . We learn
1ml cotton blossoms are very plenty in
iMrJdfrscy Settlement, in Davidson coun
ty; aShd ihat they wero probably in ad
vance ofrMr. Bcid. Be this as it may, Mr.
hak offered the best evidence that they
are- ojut,jn)Ud is therelore entitled to the
honor of) prod u ci it g the first one.
If" "! u ' r : , ' i
rj-o,Kpivtuscs.-o have received at
our (ulicej, M;ithin the last two or three
where, his own acts are concerned, isat
least as treacherous as it is extraordinary.
The copy from which we extract, is not a
full report of Benton's speech;. It s fur
nished by the Courier & Enquirer, ahd
the subsjance of some portions, as the
j reader will see, is given in brief by the
editors. The first portion whjch wfe shall
quote relates to the Missouri question, ahd
is in the words of the Courier & Enquirer
"In 1820, he says, Mr. Calhounjbeihg
member of President Monroe's Cabinet.
was required to give his opinion inj writ
ing on thQ question of the power ot Cqn
gress to pVohibit slavery in territories, ahd
on the constitutionality qf th 8th sfection
of the act for the admission f of Missouri
fnto the Ujtiion, and which section applied
the anti-slavery clause of ihb Ordinance
of 1787, tp more than half (if the Whole
Territory of Louisiana, Mr. Calhoun
then gavehis written onfnioh in favor of
the constitutionality of the act ; aiid ho
whisper Was ever heard from him to tie
contrary, lentil the introductron of bfs firle
brand resolutions twenty seven yeirs af
ter. Tiiese resolutions, MrJ Bentpi says,
were introduced by Mr. Calljoun, tojmake
a test for himself at the Presidential elec
tion which no Northern man could stand.
Before the debate came fon, however, the
proofs of the opinion, which! Mr. Calhoun
gave in 1820, were brought forward to his
utter confusion and the entire prostration
of his resolutions. These proofs consist?
ed of the original interrogation, propound
ed to his Cabinef by Mr. Monroe, jn his
own handwriting and the daft of af letter
trom him (o a tnend, stating thatfthese
questions were answered auirmatively by
every member ot the Cabinet, mrl Cal
houn ot course included. In addition to
hese records is a passage from the Diary
of J. Q. jfVdams, stating tjte samei facts
concerning the action of the members of
Mr. Monroe's Cabinet. These teltimo-!
nies Mr. ienton insists is overwhelming.
Mr Calhoun attempts to escape it by sayi
ing that jMissouri, at the preceding ses
sion, bad presented herself for admiriission
as a member of the Union.; She bad: form
ed a contitution and government, in ac
cordance' with an act of Congress.) Her
admission was refused on the ground that
the twb Houses of Congress.' declarinff proviso of 1820. sunnorted bv Mr. Cal-
that thb clause in question should never , houn, shut up one half of it from slave
be so construed as to exclude from settle- ! emigration. If that is insult, he and his
rnent, and the rights of citizenship, the followers have stood being insulted most
Citizens of other States emigrating to Mis- remarkably well for : about thirty years;
our'' i and perhaps would consult their own self-
Mr. Palhoun says the State refused to respect, and lose riotbing in public opin-
qomply with the requisition of Congress! I ion, if they should continue standing it
lhjis is more error. The State complied
immediately ; the legislative assent to th0
required construction of the objectionable
Clause being giverr on the 26th day of
June, in the same year. Ilesays the
State knocked again with her constitution
at the door of Congress at the next ses
sion, atd that this gave rise to the most
The first th ing which struck us, on read
ing the first extract, was the utter want
of memory manifested by Mr. Calhoun,
with regard to the circumstances attend
ing the admission of Missouri, and the
exceedingly awkward predicament in
which it places him. That he did give
his opinion, In favor of the pow
lull conviction, thai whpih.r th ra c a Kj saw, i
not, jhe far greater part of iho Clergy are en
lirely opposed to any such departure from th
doctrines of the Church. that they desire t ho
introduction of no ceremonies unauthorized hv
the customs of this Church, and are still less
tolerant of such as violate the rubies. Anotr).
er cause pf alarm, as the. Committee believe,
has been found in the supposition tb'at a society
has existed in this Diocese, whose character,
rules and practices are at variance with the
spirit if not with the laws of this Church. The
R. S. MASON, Chairman,
erof Con- , Committee have assurance, on which tber en.
gress to exclude slavery from the territo- ! tirf that no such society is at present in
nes. seems to hp. PsfHtilkr.l hr n mnf existence in tnis JJioCese.
testimony which it is impossible to resist.
shut the mouths of Mr. C. and his follow- j H We recollect, however, Mr. C. claims j Bretiihex of the Clehgy : In the Report
ers : I irresponsibility for all acts done before be on the stale of the Church, made br members
arrived at the age of forty, though before . order, relerence is made to excitement
that time had been a candidate for the"?;
agitating discussion that ever took place potential to the abolition of slavery over j Presidency. When the idea of divorcing ! among us' more or less repucnant to the au.
m Sress. 1 his is the very error ot th0 a million of square miles in Louisiana, Bank and State was broached at the ex-1 thorized doctrines and usa-es uf our branch of
with likefqrtitude, for the remainder of
their lives. . i
This action of Mr. Calhoun is quoted to !
"He proceeds to say that in giving his
cabinet support, where his voice was so
moon. ! lhe State never annlied to Con
'i i S A 1
gress again, but was admitted in the re
tpess, ant before next meeting of Congress,
and by proclamation from President Mori
x. a.uuuu iu.? 4wau any one man j tra SRRS:nn of ififi? nnA Tr r!m
the Church. As these doctrines and practices
. i j -
has PVPr i nnotmvkn c ahnlichino- clt-,- - . tnnrifirA v.r Rl-I AA ....
in the world. Holding, as he then did, j Decome frlend of it, his speech in favor ; only in general terms. But he does byway of
the one fifth part df the veto power, and 1 f thc Bank, in 1816, was cast up to him. charge, hereby address you and authorize ypu.
foe. l he Proclamation was issued the i commanding as his position was. as a i He insisted (if we remember) that he had
lOih of August, lSaO.in pursuance to the ! southern .man and" a cabinet minister ' on that occasion contended for the same
unu iuumou ot congress .oi me xu oi migusi ijuesuon e er siartea oi irec nrinnihlp : hi.t whnn hi ,nPP,l, -q m.
JVIarch ol that year, expressly framed to or. slave soil, was then in his hands; and , , , , c ., ... e . . . ...
Save the State lrom applying to ConWress ! he decided it in favor of free. It was an Pubhslied rom lhe hs ,he Intelligen.
immense boon to the anti slavery party, ; cer' n was not to he 'ound ,n lf though it
then so numerous and ardent; but it was i natl oeen reportca by Mr. Uales, one ol
lrom applying to Congress
fcgain, by referring it to the President to
noclaim her admission as soon as she as
sented to the required, construction of the u"ot the only service which he rendered Uhe most accurate stenographers that ever
Obnoxious article. The fact is, that Con
gress did not refuse to admit the State at
all ; on the contrary, passed a joint reso
lution 4't her first session of the presenta
tion of the Constitution, for. her admission
when you return loyour sercral parishes, to as.
sure your people, that no efibrts shall be wanting
on his part, so long as God may give him jurisdic
tion in Xotib Carolina, to binder the inculca.
tion of any doctrine or the Introduction of any.
practice come from whatever quarter it may
not in strict accordance with the Liturgy of
our Church, as illustrated and defined by tboee
standards of interpretation authorized by the
. 1 m l.i
tnem. lexas was then ours a Dart ot ! hA
Louisiana to the lower Kio Urande ;
large enough to form six great or ten com
mon States. It Was all slave territory,
anil looked to fis the natural outlet of the ' Col. Benton, been of more service to thc 1 conviction that the Cook of Common PraVe
T L . - 1
It is to our minds Derfectlv evident, that . 10 r.e,P? 10 panictiiar question, which
f . V I , . 1 bas agisted the Diocese of late, the question
c uclc,'ua'ecu ol auricular confession, I may here exn
"oa certain condition" on compliance southern states, with their great increas- . free soil party than any other man now I our standard of Doctrine, Discipline, aud
With which condition her admission was
to be complete, without further proceed- j
jng on the part of Congress, and was to be
so proclaimed by the President, j All this
appears in the legislative history of the
country, and was authentically recited in
; ! the proclamation issued on the occasion
i iSow this proclamation was issued froin
the cabinet of which Mr. Calhoun wasia
hiember, and appear to have begn (is
completely forgotten by him as was the
cabinet decision of the same year in fa
yor of the power of Congress to legislate
upon the subject of slavery in territorieis,
and to abolish it in territories ; for that
Was the effect of the compromise act of
1820. He actually forgets that Missouri
was admitted upon a proclamation issued
lrom the cabinet council of which he was
ft, member ! and goes on to substitute the
Wanderings of his imagination for the le
gislative history of the country, in giving
ing slave population, lit was given to the ; Hvin&. We are far from attributing to 1 " d8 "ol,lu clergyman ol
King of Spain given away by treaty, . . . .. ; this Church to teacli or enforca such confess-
andlhat treaty the work of Mr. Monroe's an lrnProPerr moli;;c ln 8g h,s on as necessary to salvation ; andthitthe on-
cabinet Mr. Calhoun! bein a member ' decision in favor of the Missouri Cotnpro- ly confession which it authorises, is the rolun-
And here there is ho room for denial and mise, by which, in alt-human probability, j " r l?e P"1 accordance
the cabinet, upon
gainst it Mr. Ca
her constitution admitted of slavery; and
iitontbs. seVeral different prospectuses of ;.: .: H. . 2: 1 1 took place between himself land Mr.
rapets nv published, and proposed to be fused tolcomply with the requisition, ' and ; Urnths, after die second rejection of the
rublmhcU, in .North Carolina, which, in at the next session again knocked at the IP1,wou" conMiiuiion. aim wo,cu ieu 10
JoiirlUr workrLnsbip, would have been door of ongress for admission, vvth Iter ,1
adiskaec to anv nrintin-office in the "constitution; as it originatly stood. Proucd compromise. lo back out,
asf aCc to any printing oil ce in lhat was then a kT compromise was the , only alternajiye
fAhc twenty years ago. We, take occa- StMp luj if rpflTSPf, Jtmi:s:nn in tU llft ; and the latter was eagerly seized
iono notify those, therefore, w1ioay ' Union she would still- bavk been a fetate, j gPon to disSraceof lhe r-
compromise a whole yefr,
ith an event to which it
non-recollection. F or a long time Mr. , the Union was preserved : yet his blind
Adams bore the blame of that cession. A 1 est admirer cannot shut bis eyes to the
friend of Mr. Calhout) reproached him lari inconsistency of which he is guil
With it in the House of Representatives. . , . ... . . c, ,
Air. Adams was then alive! and present, I in charging with reason to the South,
and soon vindicated the truth of history. a11 thos who refused to declare war a-
He showed that there was a divisinn in gainst the Union, on the ground ot oppo-
the point ; he was a- j sition to a principle which he himself had
houn for it and Mr. heen'amontr the first to recognise.
nn L- M.i t .t , o o
op.inoun oeing a soutnern man, ana the ; Ume Rt wUich lhjs recognition WM made,
majority of that cabinet southern, he car- ; . . ,
ried the day, and Texas was lost. I was 18 not lhe Ieast remarkable of all the
not then in public life, but I wrote against things connected with this subject. The
that aat, blaming Mr. Adams when I doctrine that Congress has no right to pro-
chsvll -I Ko-o h arA,l A.1 r- I'o limn. IJ., L ! 1 ! .1 ' . t. . ! . e"
ouuuiu uuiiiivu .ixi. vaiuuuu. jy n i sifiverv in iiiB territories, is uui. as ...t. , i :
that cession the expansion of slavery was r0t iienton snnnoses. " centlv invent--i fpaa;,.r, ihi nrirni, ,nr.inn rt Pri-i.
stopped ; the growth of slave states in the , u rme nAart:.nnA a, vorvT -verv individual, of all hi. in, f iWehl. w.,rd
b supposed circumstantial account of vvHat south west was stopped ; three hundred '. r . . p - , and deed, an indispensable condition of forgive-
ana nuy inousancijsquare miles sunject 10 - - ". . ,7. . r ness, the Churchman justly deems auricular
! confession, and private absolution, and en
with the exortation in the ofBce for the
L. SI LLIM AN IVES,
Bishop of North Carolina. '
WnEREA8, in the Report of the Committee"
on the state of the Church, -mention is made of
certain rumors of doctrine not in accordance
with the principles of the Protestant Episcopal
i Church : And whereas, wbile.in the opinion of
mis convention me unurcn encourages ner
members Co seek, whenever neeessary, the
godly counsel and advice of her pastors, yet she
no where requires the practice of auricular and
confession and private absolution : And where.
as, in the language of the late Bishop Hotart,
" v " v - j j union sue wouiu siur nave oeen a otaie, p
hrfeafter; wish to put out such papers, tbat ; independent of the Union-and the proba- r says Mr' a
if they will send t heir manuscripts tp this ble centfe of a new confederacy. INone 1 postpones the co
otlice, vvo will do them tq a job thatlwill, were willing to contribute? to suchja; re,- co"P uV-
least, took respectable.
tl - .. - 1 1 J -I !i l. .iff i
an, ..:,i ,i t,i, : uops not De ong, ana maKes u me eueci
suit, and to avoid it, the fMorthern mem- j . ? . , . . . , T. .
j . , j ' j i mi a uaust; wuiuii cvci cAiau. n ia
American slavery was cut off from Ame- ion. In the debate on the Missouri ques
rican dominion, and presented to a foreign tion, Charles Cortesworth Pinckney, rep- i croachment on the rights of conscience an im
king.. This was another great gratifica- resenting Mr. Calhoun's own State in the j vasion of ,h prerogative of the Searcher of
tion to the abolitionists; but it was not Spnfllp of ,hP United States in a sneech ! hrts and, with some exceptions, hostile to
all. There was a strip of land, about Senale .f le United butes, in a speech, domesljc tnd happinetf and liceDtioui
large enough for two: states, lying upon . aon& the first' lf nl the vfr firf ' and corrupting ia i. tendency V And whereas;
the Arkansas and Jled rivers, and between uvereu on me ooumcrn sme, iook ( c m.,ou .ru. ,c s, u
Texas and the 30 deg. 30 min. of north broad ground, not only that Congress had ; "IV m rcn mm? ue v,,ergy
i ,u . , . i. ourinz mis convention, expressing nia news,
laving escaped he no right to restrict slavery in the territo- j whic AU Convtn,-lon have hearS Wilh prcat
one side, and the rieSi but mat the Ordinance of 1787, re- j BatisfacUoh, and to which tbey desire to gite
uiuti, wavwjicii iw i;P(l nn tp ennnnrt nrli n nnininn. was extended eircularion. I hcrelore f- .
latitude, ibis strip
compromise line bn
Texas cession on (he
the formation of two respectable
an arbitrary exercise of power not grant-
i Ders opnosed to her admission, were lore. , ,u a., mo 'on i. ! States. ATr. Calbonn was thn still cab
Uioti lin Vhiladttnhia.'Yhe city of ft0, P P0SC .a compromise, -which the n 20-'21 : and it is connected- with fihet minister Sedretary at War-had the ; ed by the State of irgmia in her act of, her wih lbe charge of the' Bishop and
liesolred. That 1000 copies of the Report
of the Committee on tho State of 'the Church,
1'hiladelhbia nrmears to be infested with 1 1 K
f !! . . . If
auohc class of rowdies than even ?Cew iur "f"" lUdl lmri,01 l"P
V ,i y, . . . i svaiemeni is erroneous, auu 10 sucu a ae-
Hrl . . Almost every Sunday witnesses ; as n .trov ftl, reliange llnon, MU,
jj..riAt jljet ween the rival fire campanies. Calhoun s memory. He sWs that tju ring
:ii a tire occurs on that day it is a rrratlcr the compromise session hei& Mr. Lowndes
ot course-that a
be seen by the
i lyhitudclphi(i,Junc 17.
- 1 S i t St V
llirht ' follows : nnil fp- rt'ulnd ffiirpthpr. mill that the nrrrtrriiiift
r - p " V - y- ...., ........ j- .
ViUcrkly when there is no lire, a false a- session Missouri had presented her .cbnsH'v
larm'ivrtniviu!. that the firemen insiv tution, rftade under the act ot -Congress,
i i " - v :J , 1- iv ' i t Tjr:U.
ltofle, and the usbal treat Be enjoyed nW 1 h l ; ' au,ni1 ,mo "e t,lu
v. l'-V .' I.. . . iow this is error. The constitution pf
wven iieaus and Oloodv noses arc the ' i;eenl1rl rnw,i i Ji:.i .
j I " i i,i i """w"1 wuuitcu, .jju uiu nut urrucuq
results. But on Sunday the 17th the combromise act. That art vvftsinass.
on a grander scale, as ; ed March Gih, 182, the c6nstitutiopirarh-
following account: 1 cd Ui3def lt was slS"ed July 19th, ;of tho
same year; anu was presentea to Uon-
uiess uii uiu muiitu ui iyeiiioer iQllow-
appearstbat during the alarm of fire ing Congress in that year having mjlt
morivng,the;ailherants of the Mova- on the Second Monday n Noverrib'er.liU
suig company seized the carriage of Here tlien is an error of a year in point of
I' ranklin ; coihnanv ntid .tlirt-W it into time, ahd a tran.nn:rtiiin' nf everits frn
. .i mi j r- .,...r.. ,.;..r
Delaware. About noon the friends ol point off fact. The constitution Of Mis- ?
I' rankliiii. collected in considerable souri was made, after the leomnrrimisp. and
fnbers and took. possession of the En- in pursuance of it; and not to know that I
6"m IlllHsni nl Inn l rv i rr biui rr nimr.n mimti i,oc 1 1 :nnir nnlliihri nl nil nKnnl :i
'( Th,is led to a desperate and deadly Mr. Calhoun says the admission was re-
. 5gle, both parties being armed! with fused! arid the constitution remanded back.
the final admission of Missouri; after she f Indians under his; care and was ridding
had become a State, instead of being con- i the hobby of their civilization. He re
jected with the preliminary act which ' quired this strip t4 be given up to the In
authorized her to form a State consfitu-! dians for their perpianent abode; and
tion. Never was such blundering seen !"! thus it, also, was bstj to the slave States.
au Louisiana was tnen gone irom mem
cession of the Northwest territory that j (his Preamble, be published in Pamphlet form
the Congress enjoyed no such power un- j and distributed by thc becrrtary to the diQer
der the Articles of Confederation, which j , ,
were in operaiion t. mc umr ui iub ses
sion that the Legislature of Virginia, by
' ' m JKkBJJ ft M 1. I ftft.lHfk KM ft. H ft ft -.
j We next have a parallel between; the exc t lh rraemht which was contained., its act of 1783, recognized no such power
Missouri Compromise and the Vyitmot jn the States of Missouri and Louisiana, ; and that thc confirmatory act of Con
Jiroviso : ' ' . !j aud in the Territory of Arkansas. Even gress 0f P78U was illegal, because the
! Mr. Benton, after thus establishing the this fragment appeared to be too much to Constitution by virtue of which Con-
t,act that iVlr. (Jalhoun gave his sanction ; oe ieu to me siavp oiaies, auu n snoe ioi iy
i a. I I " l " k a I ' lino ii'tvln t 1 tlAA U 1 1 rl rw I m 1 1 oc Inn it
EDWARD LEE WINSLOW. " ,
A CHEAT STATE.
Old Massachusetts, says an exchange, hvs
ever taken the, lead in what is good, useful, and
orofitable. She established the first school hi
1 " r 1 . i v i l)IUil(4i'lCa wjsv
to the compromise act whichi adm ttcd miles wide, and three hundred miles long, b,t . . . , , the Lnited states, the iusr acaaeniy, iuo nr
llin nririctti onrl rt I i nc-o At ,A l il ?l II : I i
IhJ Uf 1 . " mmvwwim.oii ui oujiukrra UUUCr VU1C! IXIC luldacjuri cuiiiiiuuuu
Oniikxl til' ' ...nr. ...U. t.. .1 . : I . .. .1 .tlr..... in ! 1 3 if i
j" Hcsiiernin. it. i..w...,.n ..0 i;iii.. 1.1 .j . i, i ..ji.
TH ,. 7 "wi, ninnni iviwi, 3. , illlU llf II COUSII IU 1 1 On CO U ljU HOI Or, iIIU WJXS
Ur rt r P cac 1 1 cr ln rcg not, relied on that ground. ThejadmiS
f ,IiaioonNr and after hayinglisci:irg. i sion wiis nut refused for that cause, rioi
4es on to show that it is in1 the was cut olMrom 'Arkansas and given to it no such power! We know not unetb-1 colcge. She set up the firat press, primed the
ben words of the Wilmot Proviso. He the Indians ; and! the slaveholders with er this speech was made betore the cam- Urst book ana tne tirsi newspaper. . . one P...
thinks, therelore, that this should be called ! the slaves upon the slice, were required net opinion of Mr. Calhoun was given or i ed fi" ?y. andoi".
jhe Calhoun proviso, because Mr.i pal- to remote lrom t(ie cut off part, and fall not; but we do know that Mr. Pinckney he fir$. naional SLe made thej first
boun was nearly thirty; years ahead of hack within the contracted limits. This essed lhe general opinion of lhe South, cana! and the firsl raiT road. She invented
Wilmot in its support, because his posi- was done by the Ifrdian treaty the treaty and as it has contin- . thc first mouse.trap and washing machine. and
tion was then hiirher. be'insr a member of .negotiated by a pfoee of Mr. Calhoun s. -"t-" . .An( fir,i .hin to discover island andeonur
the Cabinet, because ho was successful, 'He was1 then Vici: President of the Uni- ued to this day. It is lair to PrtSsumi ;ienU io tbe South Sea. She produced the first
k.i ;m- w;im.. nrif onvllilnnJlv h. ted States, and Psident. nf the. Senate therefore, that he could not have been ig- i . , ., . .i made the first pin. Sho fired
nuu ui. u iiui'h uiu uui,. u m ; . " i , - . - - u ij i ii)3"Mu i ' ' ;
cause Wilmol's proviso is a wfak contrr- I was a member if the Senate opposed norant. 0f it, or unaffected by it. I ,ie f,rsl pUn in the Revolution, and gavejTcJ.n
s . U i . i . ; 'i . .i . f . ' r. . l i ut Twnt Vi r hand nrfet to
.yance to prevent slavery rom bemghere ; 10 me rauncaiion ol this treat) anu circumstances, there has . -Hull "s,UfS , 'TrZ li-,v,.
it is hot and where it never will be: came witbin one or two votes of defeat- 11 under ine, c,rc , c ' . ibe Declaration of Independence. Sne i .ju i
ii is not, anu yutie n ovr ,r , , n heen anv treachery to the South, we ask , vnkee Dood e. and cave a natne. fore ter
mhile Calhoun's proviso was a manly; blow ing it. 1 he slightest help lrom Mr. Cal- been an) ireac ner , led"n Yankee ation." Truly, a
Jo kill slavery, wiere ititfaen pxistk, by houn would have defeated it, and saved who has been the traitor ? Is tt tbe man to lh. "";ia,,0a. '
in i th. slnvso sfattfk nf I A rl;nnfts that trrrilorv. tfkA rnnppi vpi! the trcasonand put lt l . Kred i
cr--elknis',aMynoius Jescriditions 1 because! it-admitted slavery in; Missouri. :p0int of fact, if that blow had not! been and those salt springs, tbe loss of which " exccution thirty years ago, or is it be. who, j J - -
.rniles. j They went ' into the fight This s treat error. The act of Copgrs struck. The proviso of Mr. Calhoun ac- Uhe now has to lajment. Taken all toge-1 mis,ed by his great namet and blinded by j More Planets.--A not her ew punci.
lua v ahn ishf,l vprv wtirre it existed ttier the comDrotnise me lexas cession .. , ,, , . cnntstens but , been discovercu uj --r . .
. ; ; . . ,. . , i his examnie. ioiiowcu in i.i .
bylaw m all tlte unner halt OtrX.ouisia- tne inuian tlomiatn anu me snce irom Vftir. I astronomer
- i ! , , , n ii i mnntlit! fx (Tft r 1 1 ir It lliuu o
im-- mm SR?fi tA.io frm !h(. i i. Ar cansas. anii'4ir L-a noun u u more, in 1A inwum .
mm mm w w JJ IU mJ m U I1U 1 I UUI 1 1 V ! ' 7" r -
sissippi to the
e Rocky Mbuntathsdver a hesstimei to aboliybXislavery, diminish its : -rly
a thousand miles Square , area, and increase that of free soil, than 1 Love well, whip wen.
This is the ziiutb new heavenly
body which has been added tothe solar syUem
by thc discoveries ol the last tour
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