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rmjL RAIL ROAD.
1 i . i :
j i To ihq Citizens of North Carolina.
; Th undersigned has been appointed a Com-
.11 J Ltf iln f.invontinn lipid in the tOWII of
' I Mi 5-. r wp -----
(borough, on the 29th ultimo, to address
. njnn ofVhe'! State and to urge most earn-
order io bo-"'-
THE CAROLINA ' W ATCHl AN7
i - : ; - ; . .
; r ! - ' -
itm Dq this, ahd Liberty is sate.
--"' V Gen'l IlarriMan I
BRUNER & JAMES,
Edlors $ Proprietors.
Keep a check cpox all roua
Dq this, ahd Libebtt is sate.'
VOLUME VI NUMBER 33.
SALISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1849.
fit . 7
j : ' i
..iltfi Wititp ri.rtiiffration. in
Chirfer granted by the last GenerafAssembly
"rtb Carolina Kan j-
tfe'sKslLas we thmk, most usefully discharge
,bil;Jutri"'rfy plaining the action of the
. ' '-'! i? ill- n..iAi! rnnrlilinn of thintr. nnr!
prtvetjrviwn, up o
' ... ..4. 1 1 i tf ti pr'pii :i r v in nnr 11117H ihi-
Cortipan. ancj to icarrj out the tiews and re--ntiiiaas
of the Convention for the ac-
plillrirent of pi great Stale improvement.
fjja act "granting the Charter requires a ub
scrlptibn on the part of individuals of one mill
ionKji cJvIlar, and the payment of the first in
itit'rp'V f fivofdollars f er share, when the
Xp'ny shill bcij regarded as formed, atid the
Stlh"lJer authorized to proceed to the elec
o! of Hoard of twelve Directors, who are
tu ; elect! a Pesiderit and have the general man.
,2rhent of the affairs of the Company. 'I'he
I 'irpf further provides that whenever the
President hall cause it to be certified, under
tihe seal of the said. Company, that one million
dollar! have he en subscribed and live nun
itt$ thritisand , dollars of stock actually paid in,
jjljrjj there i to be subscribed, in behalf of the
Siste, two million ol dollars to Ihe capital stock
lr UiJi Cornpanvi At the recent meeting of
ihtfCo'Vtentinrl'il uas ascertained that upwards
of two hundred thousand dollars of the stock
bid C 'w. .iiken ; thereupon in order to secure
the rn wnt t.ieres$ry to make up the one mill.
jolt it fa rfsojvedliy the Convention. 44 I bat
tKe.rmidht aud Directors, in letting out con
flict, fiir urk and materials, shall in all cases
jve jirfYernceUo such stockholders as may
pfopniC'Or'desiro jlobeconie cnli actors." Af
ter tho i adaption of, this resolve it was proposed
iljst i 'cmnpany of 'on hundred persons should
(iU whatever might remainunsubscribed if
ihe bncl miUion f stock, nfud thus secure the
(jjhtr'tei id a ceriajnty.' And we are happy to
iifth i'tm fifiy.on'c names have already been
ijuicriwea, requiring oniy lony.nine more grn-
Mr. WinthropThe Washington cor
respondent of the Baltimore Patriot: says
with force,-- ,
'lf one of the purest and best men of the
ISJorth.the one who had stood up in bis own
vicinage, where Abolition fanaticism most
rages, and Eloquently defended tne just
rights of thq bouth, and been bespattered
with reproach therefor by the Abolitionists
is presented to the South, for its approba
tion, and is rjocted,as Mr. Winthrop has
been, what sort of approbation can the
South expect" the North to bestow upon its
purest men when brought forward for na
"Tbcse things should be looked at calm
ly in the face, and well pondered upon.
"As for Mr!. Winthrop, he may wejl cher
ish the desire, which he has more than
once publicly expressed to his constituents,
to be no longer a representative, in Con
gress. Pure and upright, thoroughly quaU
ified for the; post of Speaker, able and!
prompt, with parliamentary law reduced
to a science jand at the tongue's instant!
command, Mr. Wiuthrop finds himself
opposciLat the South, because of his al-i
feged partialityio the North, and denoun
ced at the NWth on the ground that he
leans too much to the South !
"Messrs. Toombs and company con not
vote for such n, Whig to be Speaker : nei-
ther can Messrs. Giddings and company I
There arje some very ludicrous! things
in the world I do believe." ' 1
The correspondent of the Philadelphia
1 THE COUNTERFEITERS.
fExlract from a letter from a gentleman in
Cocke county, dated Nov. 29, 1849.
44 1 find that the facts in relation to the coun
terfeiters of this county are much misunderstood
abroad, and there are many rumors afloat cal
culated to do much injustice to this communi
ty! At a distance it is reported that most of
thfe citizens of the county are implicated, inclu
ding some of the merchants of the village.--Ojjie
rumor was that a majority of the County
Court was, implicated ! Nothing could be more
unjust than these rumors. The energetic and
daring efforts of our citizens to arrest these of
fenders as soon they were discovered is the
be st defence against these reports. Never was
a sheriff more untiring in his efforts than Maj,
Fine, and never was an officer more fully sus
tained by the people. It is not true that many
cijizens-of high standing are implicated. There
is but one man in this county accused who has
heretofore enjoyed the reputation of an honest
man and that is Carter, who when arrested
"di closed the names of his accomplices. The
number of these men so far as Cocke county
islconcerned is greatly exageraled. The grand
jury, last week found true bills) against fourteen
persous, nine of whom are in custody, the oth
er. five having fled. Several persons have fled
against whom no bills were sent by the Attar,
ny General. There are several others who
ace suspected, but the evidence is not yet strong
enough to warrant an arrest. This is the
whole affair so far as Cocke county is concern.
erj, but I regret to say that the clan is not con.
fined to this county. The evidence before the
committing justice disclosed the fact that the
clan is very extensive and numerous in the
neighboring counties. Our little sister, Sevier,
!!jrffien,jof equarsjiirit, lopullhe matter beyond
ill dqubl. ". Siiice Mie adjournment of the Con
tpntibnl as we learn, some twenty or thirty
liwVtnd dollars have been taken in Alamance
Codatyjand other places ; and it now remains
19 be lee'fii iT tho forty-nine gentlemen, with the
fcid of jfhe posit iVe : subscription's, cannot be
faurtd i the Staler to make.np and pubscribe
iberVraai rider of the ie million of stocky
i'-W flitirr ourselves the question has only
10 U stated to M answered allii niat i vely; '1 o
ffe l thi objt'ctrf and to give all the informa-
tion'MMilje vn 'ifhe'S'ibject, Rail Road Con
'ventMare to . held in the respective Courv.
jifi irUich whirh the Road is expected to pass,
whlcli will be aliend4 by several intelligent
jffDtleilnen, and b , which all are invited who
jivy late au imerf st the. matter. And as this may
lejCOti f idered as j the last great effort for the
improveuicnt of ! the internal condition of the
$fte. We confide nt ly appeal to one and all who
tlaiifi to;b Nojrtlr Carolinians, and who feel
Sny,cncern forjljie elevation of her character
nd.roiv ifrpmoiiofii of heriropef ity. to rorne to
ur ait in the apcouipliehmt'iil of iliis great uu
rtaktng, . . 1 j y ' ' .:
I Al te honestly believe, those who m3y sub-iC-ri),e,
and who inay' consent to become one of
tta t)i Company fbie hundred for taking the
Jiiniuhscrihed stock, ean run no inssible risk of
H)j be put to the least inconvenience, be-
ond tho payment of the five dollars on the
. anAre, ind the lending 01 their credit to tho con
crrn.. We lay this, a$ we doubt not the Board
ct .Director will in good faith carry out the re
solve of the Convention, in giving to the Stock
iiolderi the contracts, or of allowing those who
itily.il ol di'n-ire.it, to transfer rheir stock to such
tnky wish to become contractrs. This
plan has heen adapted by other Cmpanies,
a1 L . . I. . C t - . t n A .. n ..
-j. fiiu oil urcu iouiiu icr ijvici aic uiuai ouiautuuj
i 1'-' .Ln .1.- r :
j j in tuiiriusion, wo icii you uu; rwiiu 01 uu-
; ppvcrnenit by means 01 luni iioacis, is aoroau
I imorigst ehr Sister States ; and that the utility
f dhthe; system is 'not only established, by tho
txperience of the prudent and practical, but its
i ! DCgMtYM rendered, absolutely indisnensihle
I y -adraoiaea of an early and certain market.
1 1 ffal , thein with jiroat confidence, to
jjonr iAte'rests as Well as to your patriotism, to
Xfrti yourselves in behalf of a measure which
prwrilsjes'so much j for the State, by stopping the
ttdi ofl conit;aiipn now carrying off so rapidly
cur;; moat, intelligent and enterprising citizens,
stil jhtch shall vindicate tho wisdom of the
Legislature tn its support of a judicioussystem of
Interriil Improvements, and cause .every native
ion ; tojfeei a pr'ide in claiming to be a Nortl
B. TROLLING ER.
J. M. MOREHEAD,
J. W. THOM AS,
JOHN R. LORD,
C. J FOX,
R. BARRING ER,
It is a remarkahie coincidence; that has her full auota. Havwood. Buncombe and
the opposition which is now urged against; Yancy. N. C, each has its mint. Washington
Mr. Winthrop is headed, on the on handj has its mint in the Greasy Cove ! Counter.
xy Mr. uiduings and Ins tail, and On the!
other, by a stnttll interest which represents
tne most decided Southern opinion. i Does!
not this very fact furnish the best argu
ment in his jfavor? When the hostility!
proceeds frxtm both extremes, be against
whom it is directed, because he will side
with neither), may he justly regarded as
a safe legislor, and one entitled to iattract
111c ciMiuuiice uiiu goou opinion 01 ait
moderate, wise and conservative' men.
The Spirit of Abolitionism.- At a re'
cent anti siavery mcjeting at Qberlin
Ohio, the following, arrvohg other fresolu
tions, was adopted : 1
That this Convention 'is ful
religion, as seen in thfi absence of reviv
of joy at thp declining state of American schools. The amount of , taxation to be ten
fejters out of Cocke county will do well to stay
out. It is a good place for them to go from
arid will continue to be so long as Maj. Fine
and his big cane are 111 authority.
1 iarn happy to inform you that Mr. Huff,
who was so dangerously wotinded has entirely
recovered. He attended to the duties of bis
office at court last week, and bad the pleasure
ofl44 taking the bodies" of a few who were run
ning at large. The indictments against some
of! the defendants contain as many as twelve
counts. That airainst Col. Gillet charges eve-
rv offense in the 39th section of our criminal
code and was found 44 a true bill" out and out
b the grand jury !" Knox. Register.
TAXATION FOR FREE SCHOOLS.
I44 The people of Indiana have declared in fa-
vdr of taxation for the benefit of
r tints on each hundred dollars' worth of person
als ; the drooping condition of all the pop al, property, The properly of the State being
umi cnurciies, nni ine utter exunciion o
many of them ;a the small number of can
didati-s for the ministry at the theologica
? : . l . I o . t : I)
seminaries, ;anu ine irequency wuq wntcn
the ministers escape from the sectarian
pulpit into less mischievous and far more
honest and laudable occupations'. And
we. cannot but hope and pray that, as its
terrible sacraments on the hearts; thfe
hopes and happiness of millions of slaves,
whose enslavement it has so longlsancti
fied by its fellowship, its sermops, and
sit . aft'ra-.
prayers, snail end, and it snail sinK to a
speedy and ignominious grave, that then
$140,000,000, the tax will be next year $140,
000. In addition to this are the profits of the
bink stock ; the surplus revenues, and Saline
fujnds ; and three dollars on every policy af in
sUrance on the property within the State.-
'lvhese sources will yield about $300,000, which
added to the sum derived from taxation, will
make $340,000. To this are to be added all
fines for violations of the penal laws, forfeited
recognizances, and the interest of money derived
from the sale of the school lands, which will
swell the entire yearly fund for free school
purposes to $500,000. This is a magnificent
1 ri w mi- n i
nan a minion ot uotiars a year is indeed a
it shall be followed by the coming of th riiagnificent sum! If Tennessee had such a
kingdom of righteousness and f peace
when men shall no more lift up the sword
or the shackle against his fellow man ;
when a slave or a slaveholder spall no
more be known ; but when, emphatically!
ievery man; in every lace,. snail jneet a
brother and a friend.
R. Mii'SAUN DERS,
D. L, SWAIN.
i ti ' i i a ifitn
Aieceinucr iv, c.
i . j .. . . r
at Sea and Loss
Copt. Leavtlt, of the jiacket-ship
arrived at New York from New Orleans,
has furnished the annexed account of ah
unfortunate collision at sea, whih hap
pened on Sunday evening last :
44 On Sundav. the 2d instant, at 7 o'eloe
P. M. the Galena came in contact with:
the British brig Charles of Newport,
Wales, E. jLiddell, master, from .Cordiff,
bound to jVilmington, (N. C.) otit fifty -one
days, with a cargo of railroad iron ;
the weather at the time was equally, wth
a very bad sea running. j
44 The Galena was under double reefed
topsails, going at the rate of eight miles
per hour. With starboard tacks aboard; ;
j the Charles with larboard tacks faboard.
going five jniles the hour, under; double
j reefed topsails and foresail they struck
on their larboard bows, nearly stem ori,
making the Charles an awful wreck in
less than one minute, taking bowsWit and
foremast out, and breaking in her: bow so
fearfully that she went down in less than
threoytriintjites, carrying with her seven
out ot nine ot her crew.
fund every child in the state might be educa
ted. We cannot hope that our Legislature
Will yield so large a fund, but a fund may be
raised which if properly applied, will confer
benefits upon the rising generation and upon
the state that cannot be estimated.
iThc? large number of office, parlor and
'n.rtJi ii.....t.:J.u i .j r.ii :
;:2 Ui i-'''' i .u ' 1 be captain and one man only escape
M place, justifies the conclusion that a , eJ thev UQ . d of .ha, a
foundry bhhe, right kind established here ns the brig! passed by. The G. tost jill
P'ShtdofH heavy and very profitable bus- ' boom, snlii stem, and broke in larhnard
M5-; There is no part of the United bow from the bends to top of topgallant
Pajcsinwhich pig iron ofthe best qual- : forecastle, lletting in considerable wadr
:J)'Jan be purchased so low as in East before sail Icould be taken from the ship.
rrFteshe. price rarely, if ever, ex- The following day they repaired the
r?M,"Kjy aouarsper ion. anti ii isoi- f breach ; since then the G. has leaked i
vG"ifW'9W'thatrigurc. Notwithstan- bout one hundred strokes the hour."
I ItJB pUs is soj stoves manufactured in the i j ! : .
hehj 'adilyVnt a OCr He who sedulously listens, pointed
lmeranie advance upon tne manuiac- ; asks, and calmly speaks, cooly answers, arid
uf nCe ftnd the COSt f transPrttio" ! ceases when; he has ho more to say to the point,
!: , V -T-i noi some genueman oi capital ,s the attest for business, and is surd to sufc
TiUUKe inrs Dusiness, anu prosecute it ceed.
rf'r scale that will retain in last len
AGED WOMEN. :
1 Never speak lightly of an old lady. What if
she dresses not according to modern fashion ?
4 and what if her language is antique ? ; Once
she was as active and as blooming and as fash
ionable as the gayest of your associates.; But
time, and care, and trouble' have been at work.
She has buried one and another of her early
companions.. Her parents her brothers and
sjsters her husband and children have all
gone before her to the land of spirits. Can
you wonder that a tear occasionally falls from
her eye ? that she does not enjoy the song arid
the dance? Laugh not at her wrinkled face,
and bended form and feeble step. In sickness
ho one is more welcome. No bands are more
Soft than hers, when she presses the feverish
brow. How light she steps about the sick
chamber and how anxiously and tireless she
watches around the couch. Blessings on the
head of the old lady bow could we spare her?
And then too who knows but that you may
live jo be old yea, that you may outlive every
face that smiles upon you now ? Do you wish
to become a mark of ridicule ? Do you wish
to be pointed as old fashioned by the young and
thoughtless? Then live and conduct in the
presence of aged women as though you expect
ed to become old yourselves. Treat them kind
ly bear with their peculiarities and infirmi
ties, and labor to make them happy. No com
munity is more happy than that, where the old
ind the young associate -each contributing to
the welfare of the other tbe aged forgeting
their infirmities in useful acts, and the young
Supplying cheerfully, all the wants of the old.
1 Olive Branch, i
i THE WHIG CAUCUS
At the Capitol in this City, on the night
of Saturday last.
From the pen of one who doubtless had
the. advantage of being present at the de
liberations of the Whig Representatives
ini Congress, assembled in convention at
the Capitol on Saurday night last, we find
in the New York Express the following
interesting report of what passed on that
occasion. We copy it because we have
no reason to doubt its substantial accura
cy, and because we are sure that our rea
ders at a distance will take a deep inter
est in any thing that may serve to shed
light upon the predicament in which the
House of Representatives now finds it
self :Nat. Int.
Washington, December 2.
The Whig Delegation gathered in cau-
cos at the Capitol on Saturday evening.
according to previous notice, and all
yhigs proper, or Whigs quasi, then in the
city, were there. A calm, collected, and
unanimous expression of feeling was ex
pected, as from, a band of brothers as
sembling for a common purpose, to pre
sent a common front against a common
ehemy ; but, much to the amazement of
aU, save those in secret, the Hon. Mr.
Toombs, of Georgia, struck a note that
startled the attention of all.
On motion of the Honl Mr. Schenck.of
Qhio, the Hon. Charles S. Morehead, of
Kentucky, was elected chairman, and on
motion of the Hon. Mr White, of New
York, the Hon. James ; Brooks, of New
York, was made secretary.
As soon as this organization took place,
and after a preliminary address, setting
forth that he had well considered what he
was about, and that, as i matter of duty,
he could not avoid it and would not with
draw-it, Mr. Toombs, of! Georgia, offered
the following resolution:
44 Resolved, That Congress ought not to
pass any law prohibiting slavery in the
territories of California or New Mexico
nor any law abolishing slavery in the Dis
tKct of Columbia."
' No sooner had the Secretary read this
resolution than an intense excitement was
aroused : but it did not: express itself in
action, or in violent words but a discus
sion, ensued, and, as I understand, the
calmest and cpolest in manner, taking all
things into consideration, ever known un
der such circumstances.! The Whigs were
not at first certain what; Mr. Toombs was
after what he meant fwhat was inten
ded by him and his associates but it
soon became manifest that unless the
Caucus took in this, as its own firebrand,
and adopted it as its own, Mr. Toombs &
Co. would fake up their; beds and walk.
Mr. Stanly, of North Carolina, was the
first to start in opposition ; for, as a Sou
thern man, as he well said, there could be 1
no doubt what he thought on these sub
jects; but this was no place for their dis
cussion this was no time and he there
fore moved to lay the resolution upon the
.. The motion was seconded by several
gentlemen, but before the vote was taken
a great many speeches were made. What
these speeches were, and even who were
the speakers, I am unable to say with ac
puracy, but as rumor i or repetition an
nounces them, and the city is full of both ;
all tongues being busy in the matter, and
all attention being directed to the subject.
The first Northern man who had any
thing to say was the Hon. Mr. Duer, of
New York. He was surprised to find
here an effort to found a party upon an J
exclusive slavery test, ; when the Whig
jparty in the North had disclaimed any
such test, and repeatedly declared that it
considered it a national, not. a sectional
party, and were unwilling to found a par
ty on such a test. It was well known
that the Whigs differed on the subject ofl
slavery, as they did upon many other
things as to which they had not agreed
to act together, and as a national party
they did not expect to coerce individuals
to think alike on such exciting questions.
Mr. Conrad, of Louisiana, and Mr.
Breck, of Kentucky, opposed the resolu
tion. They agreed with every word of it,
hut it was not necessary to compel every
body to agree with them, especially upon
matters that might never come up for le
gislation. When they did come up, then
it was time to resolve ; but, before we a
greed upon a Speaker and other officers,
and when we only assembled to select
them, it was no time to lay out a chart for
legislation. It was sufficient to try and
agree after it was found, first, that there
iwas a disagreement, arid then a necessity
ed in. Every thing had been-disenssctd-r
in the best temper. f
It was finally agreed thaj the Whigs
this (Saturday) evening would proceed,
only to nominate a Speaker, and that tho t
Clerk, Sergeant at-arms. Postmaster, and
Doorkeeper should be subsequently sclee-, '
The Hon. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, then la-
troduced the following resolution?
44 Resolved Thai this meeting do ndml- j
nate the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop as-tho'
Whig candidate for Speaker of the House
of Representatives in the 31st Congress.
This resolution Mr. Vinton prefaced
with remarks highly complimentary to Mr.
Mr. King, of New Jersev, also exores
sed opposition to the passnge of the reso- ! Winthrop, and the caucus adjourned, sub
lution here. It was no time to be distract- J"Ct to the call of Mr. Morehead, t be hir
ing ourselves when we had a common man.
enemy to face. j Thus passed off an eventful sitting.
Mr. Owen, of Georgia, warmly urged ! What is to be the end remainsto be seen,
the adoption of the resolution. It was ne- j I must confess I look upon it as ah event
cessary, he said, to settle the matters now. 1 of evil omen, but 1 hope for the befit, and
We could not act tnrfthr r
were settled. We must understand our
selves and each other.
Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, pressed the
nuuiiiun ui i ur i rsuiuiiuu in someiiiing iik
the same tone of argument. It
that all will end well.
Threatening Mr. Clay. A man tvas
overheard in the Senate gnUery or? Thurs
day to express his determination to take
the life of the distinguishes! Senator from
necessary now, he urged, for ISorthern or Kentucky, who was below in the cham
Western whigs to be pressing the Wil-
mot Proviso upon Congress. California
was about to present a constitution, which
would save them the necessity there, and
spare them inflicting upon the South any
such mortification. When this territory
was about to be acquired by an unconsti
tutional war, he opposed the war, in com
mon with nearly all the whig parly, a-
mong other things, because it must lead
o the acquisition of territory in which.
if slavery were admitted or excluded, it
must jeopard the peace of this Union. As
he foresaw, the very state of things, the
inevitable result of the war, tiovv existed.
As to slavery in the District of Columbia
a matter in principle to the South of the
utmost importance all be had to sav was.
and he said it not in threat but in sorrow,'
and for information, that, if attempted and
persisted in by m?n who now bad power
. u . : .u - ...
mat i, me numerical majority in this
Union the Union must and would be dis
solved. The Union could not be held to
gether ; it was .not in the power of its
best friends in the South to hold it togeth
er, if slavery in the District of Columbia
was abolished by the. action of Congress.
Mr. Stephens begged Northern gentlemen
to express their views.
Mr. Brooks, of New York, said, as Mr.
Stephens, of Georgia, asked for the ex
pression of opinion from Northern gentle
men, he should have his. As to the abo
lition of slavery in the District of Colum
bia, he had, with a colleague of his, pub
licly expressed his opinion at a large pub
lic dinner in the city of New York, that it
was not expedient to press any such ef
forts now. So far. on this point, he a-
greed with the resolution for the time be-
ing ; and as for the application of the
Wilmot Proviso to California, he codld
see no necessity for that now, inasmuch
as California had passed such prohibition
of slavery for herself. It was one thing,
however, to agree to this, but another
thing altogether to pledge himself or his
party friends to a negative that is, to say
what they would not do. If Maryland
abolished slavery, the gentlaman from
Georgia even would not object to its ab
olition in the District of Columbia. Why
then pledge ourselves for all time to a
negative ? Then as to California or New
Mexico, first, it might not be necessary to
legislate at all ; next, an effort might be
made there to enslave Indians, Sandwich
Islanders, or Mexicans, to make them
work in the mines. To all that species
of slavery the whole country was oppos
ed. Why then require a pledge from the
whig members of Congress who might
her ; whereupon he was promptly arrest
ed by the officers and taken to the Capi
tol watchroom, and an investigation of the
matter was had before Justice Goddardj
Captain of the Auxiliary Guard. The
Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, Robert
Beale, Esq., and one of the messengers of"-.
the Senate, testified to the hearing of re
pcati d assertions of the arrested man Mto
kill Mr. Clay ; and he was thereupon"
committed to the county jail for safe keep
ing for the present. We learn that his
name is James Robertson, of Baltimore,
where he is well known as a harmless,
inoffensive person ; and that he is evi
dently laboring under a partial insanity.
Robertson is a man of low stature, and is ,
apparently about thirty-five years old.
Mr. Clay in Washington. The "Re
public" gives the following account of Mr.
Clay's address to the crowd of his friends
who greeted him on the occasion of his
4Gentlemen : Before retiring, I yield to
the warm impulse of my heart, aad pause
to offer you my grateful thanks for tho
cordial welcome with which you have
greeted me. It is among the agreeable re
flections of this moment that, having pass
ed many years of my life in this City, I
shall be permitted to renew did associa
tions, and to revive all the pleasing recol
lections of the past. With such of you as
have your homes here it will be my priv
ilege to meet again, and to them and to
all who have so highly honored me to-day,
I repeat the offer of my hearty acknowl
Greensborough Convention. We pub
lish to day in detail the proceedings of the
great Greensborough Rail Road Conven
tion. We call it great, both on account
of the materials of which it was compos
ed, and the important results which, un
less all reasonable calculations fail, must
ensue from the gathering. The reader of
the proceedings will be most forcibly im
pressed with the excellent spirit manifest
ed in every quarter, and the State pride,
the fraternal feeling, the unity of action
displayed by men who, from circumstan
ces of.a political nature, have for long
years been restrained from co-operating
together for the advancement of a para
mount interest of North Carolina. We
now see no solid reason to doubt that the
Central Rail Road will be built, and at an
early day. To this consummation of a
faith ot such men
cherished scheme, the
r ui(i iiiciliwcio ui uuuticoo, llJ unlink i.,,, i .i .
i .l ., . .i i , ' is pledged as to place the matter almost
even be in the minority, that they would i ! 1 ? . ' lfr-,
. J hpvnnrf rnntinrpncv. ilVii. Chronicle.
nnr nass anv law nrnhihifinrr anv sort nf i J J
i j i o j - -
Mr. Clingman, of Norlh Carolina, was
favorable to the resolution, and should
vote for it, if pressed so to do; but he re
gretted its introduction here, and hoped
Mr. Toombs would withdraw it.
Mr. Toombs said, he had well consider
ed this whole matter, and under no cir
cumstances should he withdraw it. He
hoped to see it met, fairly and manfully.
Mr. Ashmun, of Massachusetts, remark
ed that, though he was in favor of the
Wilmot Proviso and of abolishing slavery
wherever it could be constitutionally a
bolished, yet he was not for making any
such things a test for the National Whig
4n Extraordinary Meteor. On Friday
evening last, soon after sunset, the atten
tion of many persons in town was attrac
ted towards the West by the blaze of a
large meteor in that direction, about forty
five degrees above the horizon. Some
say that it shot upward, and others that'
its course was cither downward, or diag
onal. But the most remarkable appear
ance was that which succeeded the flight
of the body. About in the place where
it was first seen, there was Whefor the
space of at least fifteen minutes, a very
bright trail of light, of irregular form.
something of the zis-zag shape. It was
Party, and when, in Massachusetts, such ! as though a streak of lightning had been
a thing had been attempted at the Spring- daguerreotyped on the sky. The length
field Convention, he, in common with Mr. ! of thcluminous trail was to appearance
Winthrop and others, had successfully re- three or four rods. We do not remember
sisted any such new interpolation into the ; to have read any account of the light of a
whig creed. . 'meteor remaining so long visible. We
Mr. Schenck remarked that he would have not understood that any report was
as soon vote against the converse of this heard, but we doubt not there was further
ProDosition as acainst this whole subject j West than this. Wil. Chronicle.
. ...... " . !
large arnount of money which
ff Jwuv sent north annually, and at the
f PJ me rnke himself richer by the op-
T1!01?' KnQxville Register
! A black man by the name of Samuel
Barber, died at the Duchess County (New
1 York) poor house on the 30lh of July last, : ant, infallible, cheap and good
agtu i jo years. 1
! A CERTAIN CURE FOR COLDS.
! As the season for colds is approaching,
I give you a remedy I have never known
Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, was the first
gentleman speaking who seconded the
views of Mr. Toombs. If it was agreed,
.u wu : a --j ; . subseouentlv followed by Mr. Hilliard, of
pari ui inc uil trrcu miu uiai n , ...
yvk; rt; . ki;ck Ki.t.rV ir iK ' Alabama, who said he left to avoid mis
i,,,,v ""'b KYiivj V auvuou o.-.v.j ... .l..l,! tt-
was irrelevant, in his opinion, and ought ;
not to be introduced into a whig caucus. !
Mr. Conrad begged Mr. Stanly to with- ,
draw his motion to lay upon the table ;
which he did, when he substituted for it
a motion to postpone. This, amid cries of
44 question," question," Was carried; near
ly the whole caucus rising for the post
ponement, and only eight in the negative,
being three gentlemen from Georgia, Mr.
Hilliard of Alabama, and four others,
whose names. 1 have not been able to as
certain. When this vote was announced Mr.
Toombs of Ga. rost and left the roam, and
with him four other gentlemen who were
TO CURE HAMS.
If people will pursue the following meth
od of curing hums, they will have i them
rich, jucy, and of excellent flavor; lake
quarter pound of salt petre, two pounds
tine salt, one quart molasse, and incorpo
rate them well together ; rub the mixture
on the hams thoroughly, then pack them
in a barrel, or tub, and let them lay one
week ; take them up-and place the upper
layer at ihe bottom, and lay another week.
Make a pickle strong enough to bear !up
an egg, and pour on until the bams are
! covered ; keep them in the pickle four
: weeks ; take them up, and after draining
i they are ready for smoking. j
I have prepared hams in this manner
;v w ' i ; 4 . it w race niui rui 11111 i iiil nr. iiuuili anrvr - - .
to fail three cents worth of liquorice ; HDistncUol Colombia, why not say so, ana v ' w T! . r ,iIIP;n twentv live Years, and they are
y . .,:. - ' . . . i. . . . n inrr ir r v n n rnr nr "p- - j -
start in caucus with such a declaration I P,CttSU,c 4,1 ." ,.,;r t an 1 nv-r mtil. never; t
three cents worth of rock candy; three
fcents worth of gum arabic ; put them in
a quart of water, simmer them till thor
oughly dissolved, then add three cents
worth paregoric, and a like quantity of an
timonial wine. Let it cool, and sip when
ever the cough is troublesome. It is pleas
is fifteen cents.
Other gentlemen followed, among them I
Mr. Evans, of Maryland, who was in fa-
fvor of ihe resolution, but opposed to any
taction upon it there and Mr. Baker, of
i Illinois, was also opposed to all such ac
tion, and not left at liberty to vote any
i where for such a resolution, either in cau
: cus or in the House.
r,,nnrmr tn a n i 1 t v r tnctd. nRver beinfjr
n,! r u wJ dry or too salt.-Dollar Newspaper. r
This Ilegira of the five or six members ; J !
from the whig caucus of course created
an intense sensation. It was only spowen
of, however, as 44 an unfortunate event,"
- a sad occurrence," or 44 assuming of a
great responsibility" "a sign of bad o
men " die, but no reproaches were indulg-
NewPost Offices A. post office called
Marlin, in Davidson county, N. C. John
Rmhmck Postmaster. Another called
Rntnnvi!If. in Johnston count v, Law-
F ----- J
rence Peacock Postmaster.
i ; j
1 .. 4
j - .
i A a