North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
roil THE TARIJORO PUK.SS.
Heading and the difference of style,
and character oj different kinds
of nriting and publications.
Legislative bills and enactments.
But for the mention of "legis
lative 611101" in my first
number, I won!! not venture or
spend a word on this huge and
shapeless subject; and I would not
hive mentioned it there liar) I not,
as 1 told .you, friends and neigh
bors, been writing for common
readers to read, and felt bound
not to pass over a class of writing
in which wc are all so deeply con
cerned and interested. So here
you have a few common sense re
.jxiarks. Law speaks but to command,
and commands but to enforce, and
according to its language so is it
to be interpreted, regardless of its
operation or what may have been
the intention of those who created
it, or weak at least is the jurispru
dential theory of this country.
This Ireing the case, not the most
elegant and attractive, but tlhe
strongest and least equivocal, lan
guage and phraseology are em
ployed to express its intention. J
ilarsh and imperious words, and
much repetition and similarity of
expression as it would stem, are
necessarily used; all of which are
inconsistent with a pleasing and
elegant style of writing. Osten
tations preambles are often pre
fixed to bills, the object of which
is to point out the reaion and oc
casion (i r such bills; many words
and much space are often used in
describing what constitutes an
olfence, the manner of prosecu
tion, trial, and the quantity and
quality of penalty. All these pe
culiarities and circumstances, as
they serve to give a strict defini
tion to the intention of the law,
have tin effect at the same time to
cloud the meaning, and together
with the fact that the persons and
cases to which the bills are inten
ded to apply are most frequently
unknown, make the perusal ofj
them uninteresting and unintelli
gible to the common reader.
These phrases "Be it enacted by
the General Assembly of JYorth
Carolina, and it ts her eh y enacted
by the authority of the samel'
and "Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of
the United States of America, in
Congress assembled" are formal
expressions at the beginning of
bills, made necessary by the Con
stitution, and mean nothing more
than it is the act or decree of such
a Legislature. And, "Be it fur
ther enacted, fAcfl"5 is but a con
traction or repetition of these
phrases, which seems to be neces
sary at the beginning ofeach par
agraph, or principle feature of a
bill, to give strength to what fol
lows. !n reading legislative bills
we have but to consider the na
ture and cause of all these pecu
liarities and appendages, and sep
arate them from the main points,
and we shall easily understand the
meaning of any bills, and find our
selves interested in the perusal of
The supposition that the want
of clearness in the language of a
bill, is intentional on the part of
those who enact them, or that
bills are enacted or so contrived
as to subserve the purposes of a
few, is in general without founda
tion. There appears, however,
to be unavoidable causes which
have a tendency to make some
bills ambiguous and indefinite in
their meaning; these are the a
mendments k alterations that take
place on their passage thro' the
Legislature, & the variety and dis
similarity of cases that seem to
come under their scope after they
go abroad among the people.
That laws of modern times are too
much theoretical, too abstract in
tjieir language, rather than prac
tical, no one can deny; but the
true causes why they are so,
would require more time and per
haps more talent, than 1 am mas
ter of to explain. It were well for
lociety, for our countrv, anq) for
the wo; id, if the necessity fr au
thoritative and penal laws did, not
exist among us; or as much ne
cessity as there appears to bp, u
then; w ere fctii! lss than 'there is,
it were well. It much better
that people should be induced to
discharge their duty by a sense of
moral obligation to their neighbor,
to their country, and to their God,
than by legislative law. But as
lonix as legislative, judicial, and
authoritative laws exist, and must
cr'nt. and are used for the main
tenance of order and regulation of
society, it is necessary that every
citizen read and understand them
to no inconsiderable extent.
LA 'ddf "y'C'ffi ' iIj5 it
SATUKDAY, MAY 23, 18.35.
(fjWe regret that the com
munication of the Kev. Joshua
Lawrence, declining the nomina
tion as a Delegate to the Conven
tion and offering some strictures
on the repeal of the 32d section
of the Constitution, came to hand
too late for publication in this pa
per we will insert it in our next.
Convention. On Thursday
last, the election or Delegates to
the State Convention took place.
The Polls of the several districts
in this county will be compared
to-day in our next, we will give
the official statement. The votes
given in this district were, for F.
L. Dancy, Eq. 2S; Mr. Ed.
D. Macnair, 23; Gen. L. D.
Wilson, 17; Dr. Phesanton Sugg?
1G; S. L. Hart, Esq. 12
(7"Gov. Swain has issued a
Proclamation, offering a reward of
$200 for the apprehension of
James Wallace, charged with the
murder of Grandison Williams,
late of the county of Pitt. Wallace
is represented to be between six
teen and seventeen years of age,
of fair complexion, light hair, blue
eyes, round face, tolerably long
nose, and no beard. He is about
five feet three or four inches hich,
and would weigh one hundred and
fifteen of twenty pounds. He has
some fine freckles on each cheek
bone and nose, and walks with his
feet straight forward.
C?"At a meeting of the Officers
and Clerks of the General Post
Office, and of the Washington
City Post Office, held at Wash
ington on the 21st ult. resolutions
were adopted expressive of the
kindness and urbanity of the late
Post Master General towards
them, and tendering their ac
knowledgements and good wishes
for his future welfare. The fol
lowing is Major Barry's reply to
the Committee appointed to com
municate the proceedings:
Post Office Department, ")
Washington, 22d April, 1S35.
Gentlemen: I have the pleas
ure to acknowledge the receipt of
your letter of yesterday, enclosing
to me certain resolutions adopted
at a meeting of the Officers and
Clerks of this Department, and of
the Postmaster, and his Assistants,
of Washington City, w herein I am
spoken of kindly, personally, and
with approbation as to my official
conduct. Having, at the invita
tion of the President, consented
toenterupon other public duties
than those of Postmaster General,
it is certainly a source of the
highest satisfaction, in separating
from those w ith whom I have been
associated for so long a time, to
find that they cherish for me such
It is true, that "to multiply and
quicken the streams of intelligence
until they should bear its blessings
to ail; to our embryo settlements j
and frontier populations, a3 well
as the older communities of the
Republic," has been my principal
ambition. If I have succeeded
in accomplishing this object, tour
faithful services have contributed
much to it. 1 have witnessed
votir labors and attention to duty,
and fondly hope that the Govern
ment will duly appreciate ihem,
and provide for you a more just
and adequate compensation, piac
inr the General Post Office upon
the footing of other Executive De-
nartments. I take leave with
feelings of friendship for all of
vou. and with an ardent desire
for your individual happiness and
prosperity. To the Chairman
and Secretary of the meeting, I
tender my acknowledgments, and
reciprocate most cordially the kind
sentiments they have expressed.
With sentiments of the most
perfect and sincere regard, I am
your friend and obedient servant,
W. T. BARKY.
Halifax, May 20. Com is sell
in lt in this place at $'3,75 per bar
re, Bacon 12 5, and Flour from
0.50 to 7,00. Idv.
Xeiv York Market, May 1G.
Cotton The transactions since
our last review were to a very fair
extent, at full prices, but during
the last three days the market has
been rather quiet. The sales a
mount to 4700 bales, of which
2300 were Uplands at 17 to 20,
including a parcel of very inferior
at lGi el's. 000 Florida at 17 J to
20; 10.00 Mobile at 171 to 21;
with some vry fine at a higher
price, and 430 New Orleans at
18 to 21 cts.
flour The advance in Wes
tern reported in our last review
has been supported throughout
the past week, and holders are
now firm at $7; some lots inferior
brands have been sold at .G 75.
We have reduced oir quotations
for Southern, which has declined.
Vara Stores Turpentine and
Tar have advanced 125 cents per
brl. and there is a steady demand.
The sales of North County Tur
pentine were made at $3,12, of
Wilmington at 3,50 and of Tar
at $2,75. Star.
United States Circuit Court.
We understand that Judge Potter
has received a letter from Chief
Justice Marshal, advmng that he
was confined to his room by in
disposition, and would not there
fore, be able to attend the present
term of the United States Circuit
Court for this State: Consequent
ly, the District 'Judge, the Hon.
Henry Potter, opened the Court
on Tuesday. We learn that the
venerable Chief Justice returned
home from Washington greatly
impaired in bodily vigor; from
which, however, he had almost
entirely recovered; but having re
cently extended his usual morning
walk to a greater length than he
had been accustomed to do, he
became so much exhausted as to
seek a conveyance to his dwelling!
His bodily inability, we believe,
is an affection of the spine, caus
inga weakness ofthe back, incapa
citating him to walk. It is hoped,
however, he will soon recover his
wonted vi;ror. Ral. Standard,
Pension Agency. We under
stand the Pension Department at
Washington, are in negociation
with the President and Directors
of the Rank of the Slate in this
city, w ith the view of making an j
arrangement for the payment ofj
the stipends of those in this State jble and praiseworthy plan into
who were pensioned by act ofj execution.
Congress of 1832; and that, al-j WTe are also highly pleased to
iliough it is entirely a gratuitous i hear that the Presbyterians, within
service, no pecuniary considera- the limits of this Presbytery, have
tion being allowed tor its perform-
ance, the Bank is willing to nfibrd
the accommodation to the Depart
ment, so far as to accept the
agency for the payment of these
pensions at the principal Bank in
this city. '
We have stated thus much, for
the information of those v ,cern
ed. No proposition, we learn,
has yet been made to this Bank,
for the payment of any pensions,
he. other than those under the act
Judge DontuU.VJt regret to
hear Ujr.t there is a pronaninrv ui
Judge Donneli s retiring trora tne
bench and relinquishing tiie gi-
chare of thoe judicial duties
which have engaged his attention
for the last fifteen years, with so
much honor to himself and ad
vantage to the public. VV bile
still in ihfc prime of life, if
the Judge meditates a withdraw
al from professional occupation,
and designs voluntarily to relin
quish the pursuit of fame, to at
tend more exclusively to the claims
of his domestic circle, he will car
ry with him into his retirement,
the confidence and attachment of
his fellow citizens.
Eliz. City Times
Baltimore Convention. We are
informed that the Hon. Bedford
Brown, and James Rainey, Esq.
have been appointed Delegates
from this electoral district, to at
tend the Baltimore Convention,
which meets on the 20th instant.
Il'arrenton, fjth May. Will
iam Garner was executed in this
place on yesterday, agreeably to
the sentence pronounced upon him
at the last term of our Superior
C?"At a late term of the Supe
rior Court, held for the county of
Buncombe, Judge Settle presid
ing, James Henry and Jame
Sneed, were tried and convicted
of highway robbery, and sentenc
ed to be hung on the 20lh instant.
It appears from evidence that the
prisoners had taken "with force of
arms'' a mare from the possession
of Ellsbcrry Holcombe, in Janua
ry lat. The trial was ablv con
ducted, .and testimony patiently
heard and examined by the Judge.
five hundred dollars were rea
lized a few days since, in Faette
ville, at a Fair held by the Ladies
ofthe Episcopal Church, and the
amount is to be applied towards
paying for a Rectory.
Charlotte, .May 7. We men
tioned in our last that the Miners
in the employ of Capt. John Pen
man, had been successful in dis
covering a vein of unusual rich
ness. He has since informed us
that the ore in this vein, he be
lieves, will yield upon an average,
13 dwts. to the bushel it is from
2 to 3 feet wide, and the prospect
ol its continuance, from its loca
tion, very great. The value of
the ore has not been fully tested,
but it rs his intention to do so in
the Tyrolese mill. He also in
formal u? that a large quantity of
ore from this mine had been sent
some time ago, and he was now
preparing to send more, to Lou
don, in order to have the value of
the ore fully tested, thereby hold
ing out inducements to capitalists
to invest their money in ihe min
ing operations. He has promised
us information respecting the suc
cess ofthe experiment. Journal.
The Evangelical Lutheran
Synod has been in session in this
place for several days, during this
and the last week. Having fin
ished their business, they adjourn
ed on Wednesday.
We are gratified to hear that
the Synod unanimously adopted a
Resolution to establish a Manual
Labor School at some convenient
place within the bounds of the
Synod, and have appointed a
Committee to take the necessary
steps for carrvinc this most lauda-
net onl v decided on the establish-
ments of an institution on this
plan hut their active and enter
prizing Committee have already
made considerable progress in the
In addition to this, we have rea
son to believe that the Synod of
the "German Reformed Church"
'has also in COntpmnlatinr tho
establishment of a similar institu
tion. We say, success to the
whole, and to all such noble
efforts! Western Carolinian,
Ohio. Governor Lucas lis?
returned to ,tke seat of Govern
ment, and we are happy io learn
that the difficulties between Mich
igan and Ohio may be satisfacto
rily terminated. -V. Y. Star.
(EThe U. S. Commissioners,
Mr. Rush of Philadelphia, and
Col. Howard of Baltimore, have
kfi the disputed ground ort the
borders of Ohio and Michigan,
and are on their return. With
their united exertions, peace has
been restored in that quarter, at
all events for the present. It is
understood that the Legislature of
Ohio is to be called together, and
that a reasonable prospect now ex
ists of a temporary arrangement
of this unhappy, and, at one mo
mpnt, menacing dispute, until
Congress or the Judiciary can act
upon it. Fortunately, there has
been no blood shed a result
much to be deprecated at all times
and which we sincerely hope
mrv nHVPP b railed nn to re
J. , tht time to ahuw twelve r
rord. It also presents to the . eiu.
,, . . 1 ... i as the maximum due to ; ,
world another instance ot mutual: ,
- , , . . trv, and the debate r
forbearance, which oucht ever to i -' . . , ' r-r
.-iii . i r- substitute. It is rif,f-pr e,
be cherished bv each member ot. . . ..
the Confederacy. Pet. Con.
-tm ii vi,m;,i, p
li J 1 lie I1UII. iCl.ciiiiau
Knight has been re-elected a Sen
ator ofthe United States from the
State of Rhode Island for six
years, from the4ih of March last,
by a majority ofthrr? votes, over
Mr. FJi-ha R. Potter the Repub
lican candidate. ib.
The Lewis Convention. WV
hsvpjtjM ieceived the tatilyin!
ignct-, mat tne Uemocraiic
Convention at Lewi-town,
hve unanimously nominated
Henry A. Muhlenhurz as he
. Democratic candidate for Govern
or and have elected delegitt-s
the National Convcn'iou to
held at Baltimore on lb 20
in-t.. instructed to vote for Mai
Vjn Buren a President.
Tht-re w ere, we understand,
one hundred and tweniv-lour del-
egrtT,-$ in attendance, and the ut
most unanimity prevailed. John
C. Bucln r of Dauphin, acted as
CThe fever of speculation is
no Ionizer confined to lands: it has
extended its influence to grain,
biead-stufis, provisions, and other
staple products of the countrv,
which have appreciated in price
as if there was an unw onted scar
city of them, when in fact they
have seldom been more abundant.
Only think of Indian Corn, of
which there is an abundance in
the countrv, being up to $1 in
iew York, and Flour to $7. In
a little time all the necessaries of
life will be in the hands of monop
olists, and the mass ofthe commu
nity will be taxed for their profit
at least 25 per cent, on the a
mount of their ordinary consump
tion. The same stale ol things
was brought about in 1815 and
18IG, and was followed bv a re
action in 'IT, '18 and'19'which
shook the prosperity of the coun
try to its foundation.
CTSome few cases of cholera
have occurred in this city; but
they are justly attributed to im
prudence or intemperance on the
part ofthe victims.
The small pox has also attacked
a few of our citizens; but it does
not appear to be very dangerous.
In other respects New Orleans
is now healthy in general. Rain
has indeed beeit severe and al
most constant during the past
fortnight; and produced tempora
ry indispositions. In , the after
noon of yesterday, we had thun
der and lightning and rain on the
most magnificent scale. The
burst of one convulsion of Hea-
vens artillery was sudden,
loud, and violent, as many have
experienced. j'eia Orleans Bee,
Horrible. It is stated in the
Pensacola Gazette, of the 25th
ult., that a Mr. Whittaker, of that
city, after returning to his resi
dence from a public assembly with
his wife, cut her throat from ear to
ear! and then made an unsuccess
ful attempt to destroy hinvself ly
rutting hf- rv, ntL.-o-tr. y
both found Iyiti(u ;.'. i
weltering ij br.f:
tirely deal, and r v. '
self, in a dangerous i:,Ja, '
said he was actuated iV - J.'' ' .
C While ti.e crow.j ,v.
ins for the opeuiisj f f ,
office ofthe Tremor '
Boston, cn Mmh!?v
some malicious ii!,j':i
handful of cayenne r,-r .
them, which produced t(
excruciating pain, and ...
depriving several cf tl
from f ranee. The w;;-- r.
zen, from Havre, tri Jj..
dates to the I lib, and li-.v.
the 13th. The iiid-rr.urv'
tion was under warm 'I'.-",,;
Mr. Biiinon, whe anU-- .
lions defeated the old b'.ii. r. '
a proposition which hp ;
- ? .
j inai me opposition iinz l
j defeat the passage ofthe 1.
sort was had to this m tie rt-
ting difficulties and r:;;ii;;;.
the majority, which ;l-v iU.
sibly do. but not defta: '
The allowance of 12 .
equivalent to a defeat.
never be accepted bv tt.?
the United Suites. .. Y
Important Rumor. W'- ...
10 o'clock boat left New Y
i ,C,"'J' i i . r
; lere was a report thu the C:
I were in open nhe:.:i
i had sent home some ofthe
- j appointed by the Kin::.
to, Phdnd. Gcz. M
be I 3aj-.
- h j M.KIU1U).
tin f 1:1 Halifax cr jr.'y, ;:.
. loin mi. at ti:e it:c.r:.-? .
; Vr ff
In Nah Coi;n:v, r r?:e
' at the residence cf Geo-ce
i Esq. bv the Krv A n
I B. F. 'Mac re, E,q. :o M;
In this place, on Thur.--cLv eve- -
last, at an advanced aire, Mr3.
, cbeth .Vc .s it m 9.
it Tirbord" and Xer
Cotton buz's,. 1 varrt ;
Flour, suiif". i mil. ' 6'-X'
U2ar. brown, !
4 T a Court ot Plea nrrf Q'"'
ter Sector;. id lorlhe.'
IV of Nash, st Ihe Comt r
the town of Xahvi!!r. N ' ' -olina,
on Ihe 2nd Mt:-jy
May, 1535, the Subscriber q.
fied a- Executors to tl'e la' "
and Testament of D re wry P-'-'
geon, dee'd, late of said c :
ihis i therefore !o give net cf
all who mav have claim V "
aid tet.i?or, to hrl then '"'
ward duly an! henli r.it d 'v' '
the time pie-erihetl bv
Ihis notice will be pl-.vi in
recovery. Ao, ?i t'-i;-all
persons inilf b:e! to r.) '
to conic forward and set'Ie '
Notice i aNo funhef sV:;
hat on Wednesday, ti.e 1 0: h '
of June next, will be soli
ill be soiit rv I
n thp pren'.i'
a cretiii oI ' f
highest bidder on
said dee'd, ci
months, all the perihabi
personal estate, conit i t i r
one Likely negro icoman
houe hold and kitchen furr.:'-'-Stock
of Horse, flo, f;l
Sheep, Coin, Fod.ier, P---'
farming utensil, and many 11
articles two tediou io ir.ei-J
Bonds with two approved
lies will be required btloie
proper!) is delivered.
Snml. ir. IV. Vick9 I V
IVm. J?. Prrdgeon,
May 1$, 1835. 1'