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IVirftorou-ft, (Kd-eeoiHAe Comilj, V. CJ Saturday, .JUJr
us 15, 183.5.
Vol. XI JVo. 38.
'f'tirh. trough Vrv,'
rr ckohob HoVAi:n.
, .Ml ..il ,-'.'. mi 7V' Ih'Uars and
,,',-p. r v iir. if p"l " .
''iv'." iKdl'ir' ;l tlit- x:r ifn of t!i..
far. ' r ".v """' .,-
,,', .',. ill UmiU ' ai-.M.ti.iue at '
' 01) r i v i ti ji not. -.' I Her. ol ant
,n. u -rf i'i''' HI ii (lis-i
' "hi i'iv;ni''ly p iv !vHnr. or
"',.,,,,,'in '!, fxc flini: lt lint's,
A ,m' 1,1 ;V' n',,,S tl St i,S,M
" i f-'t'l' oiMUiiMiu iHf. L "Hi-,
. I Hi!'' i -
S a! tn;it rat. i n-tM. iv H) un'.
r'1 '.'iieinfi t mut In m iti'k l t!i' niiiii- .
A' i . i -e r i 1 1 -i requii'-i'. or Kiev a ill l"
'ri' ,i ,, otherwise or.l il, ;iui
.i!iini''J llm. ,
1 I "upr alr-"iS,''l t d"' ' ''' ',,s
.MMit.oril'fV i'.mv noi t.ei.itrod. Mm.
P' ' M '
77.e Ezprrir.enial 2iV ANm.
f ;, at -'lis i1'1' l de
clared a iliviilfiui of jut cent,
pr ihe half )oir ei,,lm. 0,1
0l:i instant. Hal 'Ar'i 'far.
Mchichvl'J Casualty. Hn i !io
i-h j.ki'iii Mr. Ldmund
T!io:i)p!. "n nl l"lPl- Thoirp
ifl'vnfll count v, N. C It'll
.;0U) iie 1 1-1' i of the boat, com--uiJetl
bv his father, into the
,"ut at Ncifolk, Va. ami was i:u
!::cuiale!v drowned. 1!. !
Varkir's Cement, or .irtifuint
s ,tiv A Mr. Parser, ol New
York. I.T maile an important ilU
crverv. bv whicli lie maKes ;i mor-
thal, afior a lew weeks, le-
comes as solid nearly as granite, ;
avz a dense, clear, ami sonor-
I o'is sound, like a metallic snb-l
nice, perlVctly water-liuht, and
n.iloetl, iKirdenini: more and morel
i:)'!tr water, and soon becoming,
3 .,Nact, so dense in texture, as- to
tu;;t sparks like dint, when strr.ck
.k;:i a piece ol iron. He has an
t:ensive yard, where he con
birurls Leauiiful and commodious
, sterns, kc. u.c. The most re-
markable specimen of his work,'
says the tlv. Star, is a perfectly
loriikd and elegant building, IS
icet Ly 20 in height, breadth and
ileptii, iih doors, windows, por-
l co ol" superb columns, and dome,
and cornices, and walls, all stand
; in; there, complete and solid, as
i! cast of iron! Without seam, or
I iifMire, or crevice! let three i
I ueeusagoit was shapeless mortar! '
I He intends to creel a street of
I '-t.ese t J i rices, of lartrer dimeu
! at Ids omi km, and as a
! n ! ro('l that they are better ami
i ;Mter, and far more rapidly
t ' ' l- and more durable than any
?)l brick or marble, or even
J'- a granite. ib. !
silence for three days, rlnrinp
whicn f i i i pi eiint; of the tongue,
and ihe deep inspiration, are to
be continued witihout intermis
sion. During the night small
rolls f linen are placed under the
tongue, in rder to give it the re
tpiired direction t ven during
sleep. When the three days have
expired, the patient is to read a
loud !ovly to his physician fr an
hmir. During this exercise, care is
to be taken that the stammerer is
never in want of breath, and he
must therefore, be made to stop
frequently, and inspire deeply.
The patient is to be admonished
to keep the tip of the tongue float
ing when he speaks, and never to
allow it to sink into the anterior
cavity of the low er jaw."
Elizabeth City, July 2?k Meb
UA detailt-d account is given
nJ New Orleans papers of an !
'i;r between the U. S. Kevenue j
l'u:;,ir Ingham, Capt. Jones, and '
;ht Mexican Schr. nf War Mon
,,c'z"ma. It appears that an A
"erican schr. Martha bad been'
(aPred by tke M onlezuma, and .
passengers imprisoned. On!
''viiig this infurmalion, Cajit.l
'immediately started in pur-1
Ji and on arriving at Santiago, i
U;ll-Jie die Montezuma was at an-
'.! ,,rj the l itter bore down nml i
re,t the Ingham, who returned
e jre, and made chase, coutinu
lor six hours to pursue and
occasionally at the Monte
The latter finally got iu
baihor, wiiere the boats of
that the imprisoned
-P'gcrs had been liberated.
,; 'V!,lwin mustered about iialf
l,e!ir of the Mexican.
Mr. Fisher, then a member of the House of Commons, introduced
a preamble and eries of resolutions, one of which proposed to instruct
our Senators and Representatives in Congress, nol lo attend a meet
mg. w hich, it w as said, was about lo be held by the members of Con
gress, (or the purpose of recommending a suitable candidate for the
t residency. This meeting il was known, was about to be held by
the members of Congress, as private individuals, and not as members
of Congress; and nothing .lone at it, could have any biudin" force
upon the- people they would be at liberty to regard, or disregard its
proceedings, as they might think proper. Regarding the members of
Congress, so far as the anticipated meeting w as concerned, as private
individuals, I then believed, ami do now believe, that the Legislature
bad no more right to instruct them not to attend such meeting, than
it bad to instruct a parcel of private men in Northampton, o'r any
where else, not to attend any proposed meeting For although mem'
bers of Congress, (and when acting in theii legislative capacity, so
far as the Senators are concerned, subject to the inunctions of the
Legislature,) they nevertheless, possessed all the rights and privile
ges of other free citizens, which the lesolution in question, directly
attempted to abridge and control. Viewing the resolution in this
light, I considered it as arbitrary, dictatorial, and despotic, ami at va
riance with the genius and principles of our free institutions. It is
true, one of the resolutions proposed to instruct our Senator-; fV.- m
i .- -j ....
oneholv Casually. On Tuesday ! rt'-r:lr,I lo a subject, within the scope ol their bx'Ulaiive duties: but b
last, two lads, a on ofj)r. Samuel; u,li recollected, that the preamble am! resolutions were offered as
.Mail tws, ofthi, place, and a son ' one SPrit'S or entire proposition; ami as an entire proposition, could
o!Mr. Willis Wilson, of Camden, not ,)e supported, without sacrificing those essential principles of free
County, left town in a gig for the m wlm'h il is the boast of our institutions to secure and cherish,
country. They had rode about W"'" a containing several provisions, some free from, and others
eight miles, when, either from, ,lau,e lo onstiln limial objection is proposed, it cannot be supported,
careless driving, or the horse tak-; mi account of those provisions w hich conflict with the Constitution!
ing an alarm, one of the w heels ;,,,sl so vv,tM Fisher's resolutions, as one entire proposition. He
came in contact with a stump on Psed to them, chiefly on account of the obnoxious resolution !
iheside of the road, by which ihej m qMsi", ' moved their indelinite postponement, and in support of
. til It m.ttt.in .,-..!.. tl... I. .. I "... I I . I
gig was capsized, tioth ol mem i ",c l" 1 11 " " my adversaries nave attempted
thrown out and the latter. Stephen ! ln rmistrne into a denial of the ri-ht of instruction.
Wilson, was almost instantly kill-! I part of the speech upon which they rely, is in the following!
'Pi.- i - ,,tr .,,,,1 wont: i
M IIC I M ' 1 1 UK. II Hill ' ' I I1IMI
I "besides, said Mr. H., I weulil iixpiirf what t ilit li:.s tliis House to in-
struct our Senators and lit pvrstut.ti i cs in Congress? His our Constitution
i Kivcn us any such pri iU-i;e.' If so, 1 would he ilad that jrentlenien would
j point it out. It indeed wc have a i iht to iustr.ici our Ki-preseuiutives in
Jic Iulirious paper. The ("K ess. they ha e the same uhtto instiuct us, for we di -rive our au
Uev. John Monroe, at Montpelier, 'l U' Sa'"e .""l1!"'1 sI,d.a,e a"'Ui:lbk' t() l,V
inn ii-.w uum miui niMiiituijiis ue I ecei trO hv llus ilue'i
IN. proposes to publish a ISap-j Would they not hv treated with that contempt which they most richly '
list paper, of which he has issued j merit ? They ccit.dnly would." ' j
a specimen number, in y large' .Now it is a rule both of common law, and common sense, that a I
imperial Svo pages, to be publish-: man s meaning whether in a written speech, or verbal conversation,
ed semi-monthly. liis object is is to be ascertained by considering the w hole of w hat iie savsin con
to promote the cause of religion, nectiou, and in reference lo the subject matter of his remarks; and
by disseminating information, par- not in detached parts, and uncouuecied with the subject matter; for
ticularly in regard to the mission-j by that method, there is scarcely a speech of any man's, in w hich somej
ary cause, lo which all the pro-' part, when detached from the rest, may nol be made to mean what
fits are to be devoted. The was neverdreaml of. For as I before remarked, altho' the series con- '
price is only f0 cents per annum, tained a resolution proposing to instruct our Senators, Sec. in relation!
and out of ihishe proposes, should to their legislative duties, yet die obnoxious resoluiion in relation to the
he obtain 1 00(1 good subscribers, contempted meeting rendered it objectionable, as an entire proposi- j
to give $100 to the printing of the ' lion, and against that, as the most vulnerable point in w hich the reso-!
Scriptures in the liurm an Ian- lotions could be assailed, was the whole of my speech directed, as '
guagt ; or i00 should he have ; w ell the words above quoted, as ihose which precede, and those!
1600 subscribers. which follow them. Immediately alter the words quoted, the speech, I
1 ayrttevillc Obs. proceeds in the same paragraph:
j 4,Whai bciu-fit do gentlemen expect to derive by de-fatin the old course
j of i ( etinonenti.aien by ;'. majority of our friends at Washington," &c.
Ser'-cri Ilignt. Hon. James! ... . . . , ,
t .. . .. i M.ow iu onclosively, that the w.ords quoted were used as an
15. Kay, ex-Governor ot Indiana, 1 r . . . 1 .
r. . . . , argument against the right ol t!e legislature to instruct our bena-
it is baid lost his election on ac-; . . w . . . . .
tor in I. imr.-ci ntittlt'V in I iturr' lint in flit-It- I ft r i . I - 1 1 twi
the "unconscionable . . . . . , 1
iy, nut in lueir private cajiaciiy as i miens, nui n auenu me con
Had I not witnessed the attempts of the Opposition to impose
upon the people to accomplish schemes of reckless ambition, 1 should
be somewhat astonished at this shallow and pitiful effort to pervert
the meanieg of my speech, and make me say that which 1 never
intended to say.
No, 1 have never denied the right either of the people to instruct
en. j ne noise
broke the gig entirely in pieces.
(rM he olhcial valuation
real estate in V
July 1st- is si 15.040,007. In
New York, the valuation for
U,r r StaMmering. The
')1Ko Atheiueum gives the fol
' 'l 'S the secret of Mr. Leigh's
,ur stmninering, stating, al
'iirh.m" tlme' l,,at 11 ,iaS bee,
, l,led and made known by
j'-nerer is to press the tip of
'cs" as hard as he can a
',;;..l!,le "Pper row teeth, is to
v a deep breath every six
and is to keep perfect
Hon. Jesse A. Ihjnum. We
find the following observations on
the doctrine of the right of instruc
tion, and on the subject of the
next Presidency, in a Circular re
cently addressed by Mr. Bynum
"to the Voters of the Congression
al districtcomposedof the counties
of Northampton, Bertie, Martin
It was nol my intention to ad
dress you on the many subjects
agitated in the lending election
for this Congressional district,
otherwise than at your public
meetings; but as I find that my po
litical opponents are actively en
deavoring to produce
sion, that 1 am hostile
of instruction, by perverting cer
tain parts of a speech delivered by
me in the Legislature in 1823, I
deem it not amiss, to submit to
you in writing, a brief explana
tion of the position assumed in ibat
speech, and explicitly to avow,
my opinions in relation to this im
rial valuation oi ;ljnJt.(jjflllj rt preseniati ves, nor of the LegiIaluie to instruct our
hiladelphia, tip " i Sen.(to s , ( (M,es. It i provided in our Bill of Rights that the
I I 11.111 MM I III ... . . .1 . .
people shall have a right to meet logeuu r lo insirut i meir repristn-.
taticts meanin"" representutii is in the Legislature. The Constitution j
of the United btaies is suent on the subject. 1 he doctrine ol in-I
struction results from the nature of i ep esentative government, and:
I regard it as ihe corner stone ol our political fabric; and neither thei
man nor the party who denies it di rectly or indirectly, deserves the!
. 1.. f.... .it... ,f ! i.l nri.lil li. imp i.r truer Ii1 .!
SlippOrl Ol UK! people, toi iui I'Uivt "t jjihi, in'iiui vi uuoi. 1 ui
discard the doctrine, and the weight and influence of the people in
ihe operations of this goveru-neut will be no longer felt. And now
let me ask, what party is it that has manifested its disregard of thi
important doctrine? Have nol Lwiug," Freliughuvsen and Southard,
Lei"h and Mangum, all belonging to the Opposition, treated it with
contempt? And are they not encouraged in their course by my polit
ical opponents, boih in this district and throughout ihe Union.
H ave not most of ihe leading papers in the cause of the Opposition
taken the ground, that it is unconstitutional for ihe Legislature of a
State to instruct its Senators in Congress, and bitterly declaimed
against the doctrine; if I mistake not, the Roanoke Advocate, the
mouth-peace of mv political opponents, has joined in the cry against
the doctrine of instruction, and yet that paper has been made ihe
organ for republishing my speech. Has not my competitor acted as
Clnirman of a meeting, nominating " one i . jiangum as a
ce the impres-icandidate for the Vice Fres.dency; a man vvlto has spurned with con
le to the rightiempt the instructions of our Legislature. Wd, wha grace then can
11, rtr-Lv opponent charge me with hostility to the right ot instruction by
a pitiful attempt to pervert my speech, who themselves stand convic
ted (by their acts) of that sin which they impute lo me. It I was real
ly opposed to the right of instruction, so far from its being an objec-
jmy opponents charg
J I " ' . , '," . i,.., t. iiiild hp j t hpnrt :i rprrimmeodntioil.
lion with them, I douui nm hu. . -
1 will avail myself of this opportunity of placing before you in a
true IM.t, but one other subject to which your attention has been
Is? .i it;nrr plertiou. I mean the question of th? Presidency.
?aKStfX ciho pUic life Ihave .ided i,U ,he Re-
ipublican party. I have shaped my course accordinK lo the best
light ol my understanding with a view to sustain the .prim iples and
promote the success of that party, which is rr. st likely, in m opin
ion, to preserve our civil institutions, and perpetuate that liberty
transmitted lo us by our ancestors. That the principles ol the Fed
eral party are at variance with the genius and spii it of our govern
ment, and unfavorable to liberty, we know hy experience. For the
Federal party in the administration cf John Adams, styled thi lltign
of Terror, attempted a system of policy, which hud it not bee'n over
thrown by Mr. Jefferson who succeeded him, would ere this, hr.ve
changed the whole character of our government. The auwdgau.a
ting policy of Mr. Monroe facilitatedhe elevation of John Quiucy
Adams to the Presidency, who soon evinced some ol those high to
ned doctrines cherished by bis father. During these iwo administra
tions the principles of ihe grand American System, were sochtrisbed
thai ii threatened to become the settled policy of the government.
But as Mr. Jefferson superceded the policy attempted to be eslab:Mi
ed by the elder Adams, so General Jackon has shattered to pieces,
that misnamed American Systun, which the younger Adams va
desirous of rivetting upon ihe country. Under his administration the
Foreign relations of the country have been put upon the most favora
ble footing. Some difficulty has occurred it is true, in oi r negotia
tion with France, but it will, ii is believed, soon be settled confident
ly with the honor and interest of both nations. The Indian tribes
have been removed beyond the Mississippi, thereby acquiring a
large quantity ol land to ihe United Stales, and obv iating the dmiger
ol a collision between the general goernment, and State authorities,
in extending their jurisdiction over the territory possessed hv the
Indians; the Tariff has been reduced; the doctrine oflnteiutl Im
provement, has receiv ed a salutary check; and the Bank of the- Uni
ted States, is now quailing beneath his noble, magnanimous, and
patriotic efforts to prevent its recharter, and thereby preserve fhe pu
rity of our civil institutions Irom ihe contaminating influence, of a,
mor.ied monopoly; and the whole country presents a scene of unpar
alleled prosperity and happiness; the predictions of the panic orators
and of the Opposition to the contrary notwithstanding.
This view of the principles and tffects of ihe two great parlies
which have so long divided the country, has sincerely mtarhed me lo
the Republicans. And hence I have heretofore declared, at an ear
ly period of the canvass, that I should as a private individual, give
my support to that candidate who should be taken up by the Repub
lican party; but incase I should b- elected, and the election should
go to the House of Representatives. 1 would vole for that candidate
who should be the choice of a majority of the district. That if Mr.
Van Buren, or any other man, should be taken up by the Republican
party, and Judge While be run by the Opposition, vtilh a view of di
viding and defeating the Republican party, of which there are strong
indications, I should vole for Mr. Van Buren, or the Republican can
didate. Indeed the design of the Opposition in running Judge
White to produce division, and defeat the Republit mi party, has been
so clearly evinced, and has so withered bis prospf.cts, that it is said
some of the Opposition prints hav e hinted at the pi eject of a Caucus
during the nexi Congress, in order lo bring out soir.e other candidate,
Mr. Clay perhaps; while others insist, that the only ehance of success
for the Opposition, is to multiply the number of crndidates, so as to
defeat an election by the people, and carry it to e House of Repre
sentatives; where the gold of the United States Bank, may have pow
erlul influence, and perhaps secure the election of its attorney and
champion Daniel Webster. The New York Stfor, an Opposition pa-'
per, edited by Noah, says, "Our strength is in multiplying our Pre
sidential candidates, so as to insure an election by Congress. We
have with this view encouraged the nomination of Mr. Webster in the
North, .Mr. Clay and Gen. Harrison in the Wi st, and Judge White in
the South." The Boston Atlas, also an opposition paper, remarks
that a Webster meeting was held at Worcester, Massachusetts, and
that "A series of resolutions was offered by Mr. Kennicut of this town,
which he supported in an able and efficient speech. Mr. K. spoke of
the prospects of Mr. Webster as scarcely inferior to those of any oth
er candidate for ihe Presidency. He did not believe any person
would be elected by the votes oi the Electoial Colleges, but that the
choice would go into the House, where Mr. Webster would be safe."
Mr. Bul ges, ol Rhode Island, has avow ed similar sentiments, and ex
pressed the wish that an election might never more be made by the
people, but always by the House of Representatives. Such indica
tions as these, have caused Mr. Phelan, a member of the Alabama
Legislature, who voted for resolutions conditionally nominating
Judge White, and it is probable will cause the State of Alabama, to
give up the Judge, in order to prevent the election from devolving on
tht House of Representatives, where the will of the people will be
defeated as in Adams's election.
But the manner in which Mr. Van Buren has been nominatpd has
been objected to. On this subject it may be remarked, that it is cer
tainly as free from objection as the bringing out of Judge White by
a Congressional Caucus of eleven of the Tennessee delegation. Be
sides the Tennessee friends of Judge White and Mr. MrDufiie have
heretofore been the advocates of such meetings as the Baltimore Con
vention, when friendly to the election of Gen. Jackson. Such men
ought to be good authority with the Opposition.
Again it is said by the Opposition for effect, for they cannot be
lieve it, that Mr. Van Buren is in favor of the abolition of slavery,
and connected with the fanatics of ihe North. If the fanatics are in
favor of either candidate, it is likely Mr. Webster; w hose success the
Opposition here are likely to promote by the course they are pursu
ing. The truth is, Mr. Van Buren and all good men both ol the
North and South, are opposed to the conduct of the fanatics, and to
any interference by Cougress with the question of slavery. In a let
ter to Mr. Guinn, Mr. Van Buren says, speaking of slavery, "The
subject is, in my judgment, exclusively under the control of the State
governments; and I am not apprized, nor do I believe that a contrary
opinion to an extent, deserving consideration, is entertained in any
part of the United States. This must be, with all frank and candid
men a complete refutation of tjae attempt lo connect him with the
abolitionists and fanatics.
Most of the either charges againt Mr. Van Buren are equall y un
founded. He was an able and energetic supporter of the last war
and has pleded himself, if elected, to withhold his sanction from any
bill rechartering the Bank of the United Stales in a word, to carry
out the leading measures of Gen. Jackson's administration, which has
produced iuch happy results.