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o :"fTii- r x it a i rTToc islfl
JJppointments by the President,
ly and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate: Andrew Ste
venson, to be Envoy Extraordi
nirv nn Minister Plenipotentiary
of the United States to the Court!
of Great Britain.
John H. Eaton, to be E.rvoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plen
ipotentiary of the United States to
the Court of Spain.
Richard K.Calt, to-be Govern
or of Florida.
Arthur Middlcton, Jr. to be
Secretary of the Legation of the
United States to the Uourl of
C"We invite attention to the
Interesting Letter of INI r. Van
fturen, on the subject of abolish
ing Slavery in the District of Co
lurnb'.a. It seems to us that the
Whigs of Northampton instead of
-getting Mr. Van Buren in a tiht
place, have gotten themselves in
rather an awkward position. The
natural inference which any plain
dealing man would draw from this
proceeding is, that as these gen
tlemen wanted information only
on the point in question, it being
satisfactorily explained by Mr.
Van Buret), they would stand
committed to his support. Will
they view it in this light? Mr.
Van Buren leaves not a loop to
hang a doubt on, and goes even
beyond the specified length of the
enquiry, saying explicitly:
"I recognize, to the fullest ex
tent, the propriety of this desire
on your part, and although there
is nothing in your letter making
the avowal necessary, I prefer that
Hot only you, but all the people of
the United btates, shall now un
derstand that if the desire of that
portion of them which is favoura
ble to my elevation to the Chief
.Magistracy, should be gratified, 1
must go into the Presidential
Chair the inflexible and uncom
promising opponent of any at
tempt on the part of Congress to
abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia, against the wishes of
the slave-holding States; and also
with the determination equally de
cided to resist the slightest inter
ference with the subject in the
States where it exists."
(?We copy the following ac
count of the organization of the
Wilmington and Raleigh Rail
Road Company, from the last
Wilmington Advertiser. The
thanks of the citizens of this place,
and of the county generally, are
due to Gen. McRae for directing
attention to the route passing
through this place. : We learn
that the Books of subscription
for stock are re-opened in this
place, and will continue open for
CO days from the lGth inst. If
the people were satisfied that the
Koau would pass thro7 Tarboro',
at least one-fourth of the sum
now required could be pro
cured in this county. We trust
That the advantages possessed by
rf laruorougn will not be overlook
ed, being at the head of navigation
of a river on which an extensive
trade is carried on, part of Which
would unquestionably take the
Rail Road, if convenient.
WI I .Ml N GTN AMD RAL
EIGH UAiL ROAD.
fleeting of Stockholder!. Pur
suant to publil: Notice, the Stork
holders in the Wilmington and
Raleigh Rail Road, met at the
Court House in Wilmington, N.
C. on the 14th March, 1836, and
tfere organized by the appoint
ment of Wm. D. Mostly, Esq. as
Chairman, and Gen. James Owen
After the objects of the meeting
explained the following proceed
ing took place.
On motion, Resolved, That
Gen. E. B. Dudley, Gen. Alex'r
MacRae, and James S. Green,
Esq. be a committee to examine
such Proxies as may be presented.
This committee reported that
129G shares are represented by
Proxy, and 33G0 by individual
Resolved, That the salary of
the President of this Company be
fixed at 2000 per annum.
Resolved, That the offices of
Secretary and Treasurer be filled
by the same persons, during the
present year, at a salary of $ 1000
Mr. L izarus, Chairman of the
Commissioners submitted their
Report, which was accepted.
The meeting proceeded to elect
a President and Ten Directors.
A ballot being had, Gen. E. B.
Dudley was elected President, and
Andrew Joyner; W. D. Mosely;!
James S. Battle; A. Lazarus; A.
Anderson; Win. B. Meares; P. K.
Dickinson; James Owen; R. H.
Cowan; and Thomas H. Wright,
Whereas, subscriptions to the
Capital Stock of this Road have
been made along the contemplated
route, as well as at Wilmington,
Resolved, That the President
and Directors be authorized to
have the road commenced both at
Wilmington and Halifax, .due re
gard being had to the amount sub
scribed north and south of Con-
teulnea Creek; and lhat the Presi
dent and Directors be instructed
to commence the work with as
little delay as possible.
Resolved, That the President
and Directors be hereby directed
to cause the Road to be located on
the most eligible route from tiiis
place to Halifax.
Resolved, That a general meet
ing of the Slc.'kholders shall be'
held in this place on the first
Monday in November next, and
thereafter, annually, on the first
Monday in May.
Adjourned to 10 o'clock to
Tuesday, March 15. Stock
holders met at the Town Hall.
Resolved, That the .President
and Directors be authorized to re
open Books of Subscription, at
such times and places as they may
deem expedient, and under the
superintendence of Commission
ers, to be appointed by them, for
an amount of Stock not exceeding
Resolved, That a Committee of
3 be appointed by the Chair to
draft and present, for the consid
eration of the Stockholders, at
their next general meeting, a code
of Bye-Laws for regulation and
government of the Company.
Whereupon, W. B. Meares, A.
Lazarus and A. Anderson were
appointed said Committee.
On motion of Gen. Blount,
Resolved, That the Engineer
be instructed to examine a route
touching at or near the Town of
Waynesborough on Neuse River,
and thence at or near Rocky
Mount the great Falls of Tar Ri
er, and report thereon to the Pre
sident arid Directors this Re
solution amended on motion of
Gen. A. MacRae and also by
Dupl in Court House, Rockford
on Neuse, and Tarborough, and
such other routes as may be sug
gested or approved by the Presi
dent and Directors.
Resolved, That the thanks of
me stockholders be tendered to
the Chairman of the Commission
ers, and the Chairman and Secre
tary of this meeting, for the zeal
ous and able discharge of their
The meeting adjourned, to meet
in this place on the 1st Monday in
W. D. MOSELY, Chairman.
JAMES OWEN, Secretary.
The Proxies were, Hon. Wm.
D. Mosely, representing the Le
noir stock; Robert Soulier, Esq.
the Norfolk do; Gen. Blount, of
Nashville, the Nash and Edge
combe do; Dr. Andrews and Mr.
Lane, of Waynesboro the Wayne
do; and Gen. Alex'r MacRae, the
(T?-Im mediately after the ad
journment of the meeting ol
J .... .i . .
Stockholders, tne uireciors mei,
and appointed Gen. Alex'r Mac
Rae Superintendent of the Rail
Road, and James S. Green, Esq.
as Secretary and Treasurer.
They also instructed their Presi
dent to engage the services of
Walter Gwynn, Esq. as their
Principal Engineer; and in pursu
ance of authority given by the
Stockholders, have determined
forthwith to re-ODen Books of
Subscription for an amount not ex
ceeding 2000 Shares.
The bill for the establishment
of an Arsenal in North Carolina,
provides for its location in Fay
etteville and contemplates an ap
propriation of $135,000 for its
completion, of which about $30,
000 will be appropriated this ses
sion for the purchase of a site and
the collection ofmatorials.
The contested election from this
Slate is still undecided.
It is conjectured that Congress
will adjourn early in May.
State Loan. We learn that
One hundred thousand Dollars of
the Loan authorized by the last
Legislature have been purchased
by the University of North Caro
lina at par, with a stipulation to
pay a premium equal to that for
which the same amount of Scrip
may be sold in disposing of the
residue. No final agreement has
yet been made by the Commission
er, Mr. Haywood, for deposing
of the residue, but, we understand,
he has entered into a negociation
for selling the same, at a premium
which will probably prove benefi
cial to the State Ral. Rtg.
We learn from the National
Intelligencer that Major General
Macomb, Commander in Chief of
the Army, left Washington on
Sunday for the seat of war in Flo
rida, with authority, as is under
stood, to take command himself,
should he think it necessary, but
not to supersede Gen. Scott in the
special command assigned to him
by his orders, unless he (Gen.
Macomb) be of opinion that cir
cumstances require him to do so.
The Charleston Patriot says:
we have received the Jacksonville
Courier of the 1 0th inst. contain
ing the following latest intelli
gence from the seat of war:
The intelligence from the With
lacochee continues to be of great
interest and importance. Soon
after our last publication we learn
ed that General Gaines continued
fighting the Indians. After the
battle of the first day Gen. Gaines
found 30 Indians killed. He had
two of his men killed, and several
wounded. On the third day the
Indians crosed the Withlacoochee
to attack him. He, having taken
only eight days provisions, and
being thus closely pressed, sent
for reinforcements, provisions, and
ammunition. Gen. Clinch, being
under the orders of Gen. Scott,
and having received no order to
send the provisions for the Army,
sent corn from his own plantation,
and Mr. B. M. Dell started with!
upwards of 80 head of cattle. j
Later information states that
Gen. Clinch, with his forces in
conjunction with the Alachua mil
itia, making in all about eight
hundred had gone to aid Gen. i
Gaines. He reached his camp,
Saturday last, and effected a junc
tion with their united forces, a-
mounting to nearly two thousand
men, General Gaines intended
crossing the Withlacoochee, Mon
day last. His loss, before Gen.
Clinch joined him, was only eight
killed and about 40 wounded.
Cotton 164 a 1 84 in demand, I
as in quality. mi.
Dr. Channing on Abolition.
Frequent reference has been made,
on the floor of Congress, to the
recent work of Dr. Channing on
Abolition, coupled with critical
remarks and censures deep and
severe. Answers to the pamphlet
have been written at the South;
and the work itself has been deem
ed too important to allow it to be
passed by without that analysis
which its importance required.
It is out-and-out a labored de
fence of the abolition cause, in the
most unmeasured terms of appro
bation, though slightly qualifying
his eulogiums with some censures
as to the indiscreet mode adopted
by the fanatics for the propaga
tion of their incendiary doctrines.
We proceed at once to show
lhat the entire conduct of the abo
litionists, from the very com
mencement of their history in this
coutitry, in England and else
where, has proceeded from false
positions by them assumed, under
the mask of religious sanctity or
an overweening morality and phil
anthropy. 1. In the first place we believe
that no person at all, conversant
with the old and new testament,
will have the folly to deny that
negro servitude and slavery, if not
actually in words to that effect,
solemnly justified in that sacred
volume, is .to every extent fully
and substantially recognized as a
legitimate element in domestic so
ciety. 2. But we go farther back than
the Bible. In Egypt the Ethio
pian race, though for ages living
contiguous to the Pharaohs and
Ptolemies, and to those monarchs
who preceded them as far back
as the remotest periods of this an
cient country, were always deem
ed and held distinct as a race ben
eath the white population. They
were from the earliest records
doomed to servitude. Facts speak
louder than declaration. There
is now in the Egyptian museum of
the louvre at Paris, an enormous
pedestal of red granite, brought
thither under the direction of the
consul general of Egypt and the
lamented Champoilou, some few
years since. On the top of it, and
kcarved out of the same stone, are
the feet and part of the legs of.a
colossal statue, which was saw
ed olT at this point, and which
statue is supposed to have repre
sented Sesostris, or some other
monarch of Eypt,. several thous
and years before the Christian
era. Around, and on the. four
facades of the pedestal are engra
ven in deep letters, and filled up
with green glass, as fresh as the
day it was put there, hieroglvphic
characters and the profile faces of
the negro Icings of adjoining prov
inces of Africa, who had been
conquered by the Egyptian poten
tate. Their physiognomy is a
Jac-simile in the retreating fore
head and chin, flat upturned nose,
and protruding mouth and lips,
and elongated scull of the negro
race, which characterizes them at
this day. Around their uecks are
cords, and to each head a flower,
which, together, show, as the hier
oglyphics point out, the state of
bondage to which they were re
duced, and the particular prov
ince from whence they came.
Those who are familiar with the
distinctive features of the E
gyptian face the aquiline nose,
high forehead, open eye, project
ing chin, and their handsomely
chizzled lips as figured on ten
thousand monuments, papyruses,
columns, temples, tombs, and
mummy coffins, and carved in my
riads of stone and earthen images,
cannot but be struck with the
marked and extraordinary distinc
tion from the head and profile of
tne negro. VVe wish to be expli
cit on the facts here given, be
cause they have never, as we
know, been thus placed before the
public, and because one conclusive
argument of this'kind, founded on
a monument in such admirable
preservation, and carrying its own
date, it may be said rerorded up
on it, establishes beyond a doubt,
not only the high antiquity of the
negro race, and the peculiarities
of the most important part of their
organization the head and face
but also clearly shows that the
absurd speculations of ignorant
enthusiasts, on the supposed amal
gamation of blood of the people of
Egypt and Judea, with the negro
races in their neighborhood, are
without the shadow of a founda- i
tion. The truth is, though this
mixture inrly have sometimes Lik
en place, it has been like a drop
in the ocean lost and, it may
be said, annihilated in the masses
of white population who have
spread over all Asia and Europe,
and whose slight difference of co
lor and other causes, too trivial to
produce radical . modification.
While, on the other hand, the ne
gro has, forever, been kept dis
tinct, and eternally separated, as
we perceive, by a broad line of
demarcation, which never can be
passed, from all the other portions
of the human family.
3. From this position we go
still further back in our investiga
tion. Wherever the negroes and
the negro character has been stud
ied in situ, in their own lands and
possessions, where they have been
left to themselves, and where their
destiny aud condition has not been
interfered with by any of the
while races, it has always been
found, that if they did not actually
retrograde into barbarism-, at least
they never possessed within them-
selves the self-progressive facul
ties, if they may be so termed, of
reaching any point of civilization,
or intellectual advancement, wor
thy of that designation. Look,
for example, at the Hotientots and
the Caffres. Study the descrip
tions of them as given by the most
pious men. What a . revolting
picture of the debasement of hu
man nature do these tribes pres
ent. Though in the immediate
vicinity of the accomplished Hin
doos, and not much inure remote
from all the Malay and Chinese
races, they are far more grossly
degraded and deteriorated than
even some othej of the more in
land tribes of Africa. They are
not only cannibals, and actuated
by the most brutal animal appe
tites, to the exclusion almost of
intellectual perception, but their
very anatomy bears on the face of
it a distinctive character.
However, it is not for philo
sophical but political purposes we
jrefertothe pamphlet. If politi
cians, for selfish views, .will agitate
the question of slavery, the object
will defeat itself, by the good
sense of the people; but when min
isters of the Gospel, holding an
immense influence over their peo
ple, will be led away to this inter
dicted subject, aware of the con
stitutional recognition of slavery,
aware that-il cannot be put down,
that excitement, division of the
Union, civil war, and innumerable
dangers, will be the inevitable re
sult of the attempt, such divines
are ignorant of the principles and
duties of their own religion, and
preach war and desolation, instead
of "peace on earth and good will
to man:" JY. Y Star.
MARTIN VAN BUREN, of N. Y.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
RICHARD M. JOHNSON, of Ky.
RICHARD D. SPAIGHT.
(0"The Rev. James Delk will
preach at Conoconary on Tues
day, the 29th of March; at Law
rence's meeting house on Wed
nesday, the 30lh. and at nio-hi ;,,
Farborough; at Williams's meet
ing house on Thursday, ihe 31st;
and at Daniel's meeting house on
rnuay, the 1st of April. - Covi.
In this county, on Tuesday last,
iir. Aathan Scssums, aged about 60
500 BUSHELS genuine Petit Golph
Cotton seed, dailr t
sale by ' . ' ,ur
N. M. Martin $ Donnnn,
ici, at t, rtcr$urg, la. '
18th March. i2v5
Pi'irpx '..... .
-' i t hi
Jit T(,rf,nrojnn.Jv ,
Co fie e,
Northern & Sther
Daily Mail Route,
''! Com,... ."
nloriii t, .
8&'h r u. ,;;::e
bur, Va.. to BiHkeIv,,N;;n;f,',;1V,t :
the Roanoke, a .lis.;. .. " '"'"-a. .,,
constimi;.!? a pan f ,1C (jru'iT . nJ
amply provided with .,,.lioP 1 , ,
and Cars, to accoin.no.lU , , ' "'01" "
lhat uay offer. Te Jiiri lc L I I
of the Red daily, on the .rrivVl oMf
spedive Mails. Traveller. :... ,.r
equinapes, can have ih-ir U)r jjV'
nas transports on tin UllJt( '
fed safety and convenience- 'Rni' P'
perforin in 5 or 6 i.ourvvl,
their horses, a journey which u.i ,2?
wwe require two days k. airo,,,,,',;,;,
JSi&IM "" tn'ick mi Jt it e.L,,,,,
scale, at.d j, wj ,
spare.l to render its ncc.Hnni.atinw.,
Besides the d.iilv , r it ,
! r in. i.. i ... . '-""(...h
; muiu uieiy tor tne J.ut!t, via fcti-
rayeievm.', iiC. taeie U A llM Vi,
j necird w.th the Ma:l Line i.f Faviftov,:,
I and also a Line iVi.m the ( ij, ,.,",
uLLFlKLU TO CI.AhKSVlLLK, mi
TON AND DAN VI Llit. '
j Another tri weekly Line from fiWv,
! &.c. and connects wiiii a Line to SLl;
in n.e curse oi the present mia s
branch uil! be open-d from tl.e IVin;.
nurg Kail Urad at IMiiel l. t Wilki..,
rerry at u A3 1 U.N, ON THf. iQ.
OKL, fiom w hence n R .il K , lu c .oh
tne river by a Bridge, is now nb.at lot
constructed to Ualeih.
The flail Road from Brtliimo'e to Wu-
inpton is now in operation, iliencetu Pot
mac lanamg, the Line w c'-nfiniifd hi
Steamboats; thence vii FKF.DLRICKv
BURG TO RICHMOND, a ci.imil.-nhi
portion of the RhiI R.d is fiuiied ant
the remainder is in a rapid course to cnm
I'letion. The Line continues from P.icS
mond to Fetershtirg. by a Turnpike Koal
and thence by the Petersburg Kail R k!
to Blakely, as hefore mentioned, i 'h;
main and only DULY MAIL RUUTi
BETWEEN BOSTON AND 5EW OR
LEANS. Office of the Petebueg)
Kaij. Road CojirAxr,
March 1, 1836. II
Tf RESPECTFULLY requst nil im-
indebted to tne. fo he to gooil is h
make an immediate settle inent, to eiial
the to visit the Norlh, and to lay in mr
Spring and Summer's .u;i!v of NIil!i:ier-.
fth March. 1 S3t.
One Cent Reicari
RAN AW AY frrni the ? '
criber n Friday riigU I1 1 ilM
inst. an indented kie "J
About IS vc-trs of a;c, 5 ff"
or 7 inches hih. The above re ward
no charges will be given for !lie appreiiMj
sion and delivery of 'aid hoy o u'.'. A t
persons are forbid r.rrdi'in him m R'.'"1'
count, as I will not pay any of lii'
March 15, 1830.
"TfTILL STAND the ensuing 50"
jy Robert Belcher's SloreloO..
west of Sprta at Cray W iHiaw "
.... . . a nrf c
at home, lie will be let lomai"" .
Iti... I- A.id Seven DuMfi-i I" ' '
sntea mare to be in fo.d-niliJ 25
the Groom in every instance I i"rft .
lime so thnl there will b no misto"'" ;
ding him, if people will "ce '
days of the month. He will
borne until the 23(h of Marth-'-.
and 26th be will be at Belcher'-!"-'
and 28h fit William then home i
main until the luth of Apnl-J " '
. . . r.. . net. ..h inon'h
inn, ::orn ami uui " -"
cher s ttie iztn, i", l; t,
Williams's, nn.il the hi of July. r t
will end the season. Ay l's"
put by the leap, and then g on ly
surance, mares faibng to take the y
time during the seaim. 1 he lP ,
will be d.e the 1st nfJ-ly. wh,the " '
or not. The insurance ww? " ,
the 1st of January, or a s. hj M(
ertv is transferred before the fee
tailed. Any person putt.ntf by . U
ranee and lad to attend his sianu
the insurance root.y. All
ken to prevent acci.?enti, hoi not h
any that may happen. .
LEAXDER i low 8 years , ' -,
order, tie U t:Ot ii.ier.or to "? . .
the county as a nl geliei - f fcr,
known as tar a ne ctfon
from a distance at the Pr ceS' p;,i
March 13ih, 13S