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&7ln the Senate, on the 2 1 si
inst. llie question being on i1r.
Calhoun's amendment to the bill
imposing additional duties on cer
tain officers as depositories in cer
tain cases; (defining what monies
shall be received by them:)
"Air. STKAXGE addressed the
Senate in a long and aide speech.
He remarked that it had been the
custom to ascribe the present dif
ficulties of the country to the Go
vernment having tampered with
the currency, lie would answer
tSiat charge before he should con
clude what he had lo say on the
subject under consideration. With
regard to the existing commercial
distress, and the other inconveni
ences which were complained of,
they were not confined to this
country alone. Any man who
should cast his eye across the At
lantic, could not fail to perceive
that distress was as great, or near
ly so, in many countries of a com
mercial character. The present
condition of the Union, some had
ascribed to measures of the Go
vernment, and they had done so
with proper sense of propriety
and dignity due to themselves as
well as the Government. They
had endeavored to show their in
jurious effect on the affairs of the
country. Now that was a per
fee tly fair and legitimate mode of
proceeding. It was right that the
measures of the Government
should be fairly and dispassion
ately examined, and if they had
been injurious, they should be so
pronounced. But, so far from
concurring in opinion that they
had been productive of the pre
sent catastrophe, if it could be so
called, he believed that the mea
sures bad tended rather to relieve
the force and weight of the blow
which might have been expected
by those who watched the com
mercial proceedings of the coun
try. He believed that the opera
tion of the Specie Circular was
more limited Iban was generally
supposed, and that its effect had
been beneficial; for it had prepa
red us for what was a most unex
pected catastrophe to some, tho'
every thinking man must have
seen that it would occur. While
he said that the measures of Gov
ernment had not been injurious,
he did not mean to claim for it
perfection, lie was free to ad-j
mit, that some of them, co-operating
with other causes, had some
what affected the welfare of the
country. They had done a great
deal of good, and probably bad
done some harm. One of the
measures which had been denoun
ced, was that for regulating the
standard of gold and silver coin.
At the period it was passed, it was
considered to be salutary and be
neficial. It was not particularly
an administration measure, it was
supported by many opposed to
the administration. The result of
it, however, had been somewhat
different from what was expected.
He believed it had disturbed the
commercial equilibrium of the
world. It had he thought alarm
ed the Bank of England, and in
duced that institution to adopt a
course of measures which had se
riously affected the commercial
interests of this country.
With regard to the distribution
act, he believed that that proceed
ing had had an injurious effect.
Now, that was not an administra
tion measure, nor of any particu
lar parly. It passed almost by
the acclamation of both parties.
His opinion was, that this had
greatly contributed to derange the
currency, tie did not think that
gentlemen had probed the matter
to the bottom had not looked at
the real causes of the present dis
tress; a departure from the Con
titution had produced it. Sup
prsmR that there had he nn in
riff adopted, and no national bank
viuumsucu, we Knew not what
iptght have been
ierhaps none of the difficulties
now complained of would have
existed. They might all be tra
ced, to these causes, directly or in-
directly.' He believed them ihus
to have. originated. ... -
Mr. S. after enumerating the
various causes which have been
said by gentlemen on the other
side to have produced the distress,
observed that he was very happy
to, see some very cheering points
in the present crisis, as to the
course which the Executive had
marked out. He trusted that both
Houses of Congress would be rea
dy to co-operate with him.
With respect lo the relief of the
country, we had been told by
some gentlemen, that no relief was
proposed in the Message. Relief
was proposed for an exhausted
Treasurv. which was one of the
evils complained of; and inciden
tally some reliei was also propo
sed for the commercial distress of
the country. He presumed that
it would jiot be denied by any
gentleman on that door, that the
emission ct ten millions of I rea
sury notes would afford to the cir
culating medium of the country
additional vigor. Was it not
proposed to give indulgence to.
the merchants, by extending the
time lor the payment of duty
bonds? And so, because relief
was not to be afforded to an un
lawful extent, it was said that no
relief was to be afforded. He
contends! that great relief would
be given In the measures adopted.
It had been strongly intimated
that a IJ;ink of the United Slates
would afford relief to the countrj ;
but no direct proposition had been
introduced here in response to it.
He expressed his opinion that it
was unconstitutional lo establish a
Bank of the United Slates. He
believed, too, that it had contribu
ted lo produce the present dis-
tress. Mr. K. paid a high com
pliment to the Senator from South
Carolina, (Mr. Calhoun.) for the
high stand he had taken in oppo
sition to, the United States Bank,
in the speech he delivered a few
days ago. He adverted to Mr.
Rives's scheme, , and condemned
it. lie maintained that the State
banks had completely failed in
answering the purposes expected
from them. They had virtually
failed, not being able to pay spe
cie,. And .had placed the Govern
ment in us present awkward pre
dicament. The merchants would
not be placed in the humiliating
condition they were, it the banks
had met their engagement as thev
ought to have done. He was as
tonished that arv cenlleman
hould say that the experiment
had not failed. The gentleman
from Virginia (Mr. Rives) had
said all that was wanted was a res
toration of confidence in ihe
banks. He (Mr. Strange), had
certainly no, confidence in them.
Would it not be a falsehood on
record, to say that the people
ought to have confidence in the
banks, when we ourselves had not
confidence in them?
Mr. S. spoke of a bankrupt law.
and maintained that such a law
must be generi in its operation.
and could not e made applicable
onlv to banks. The General Go
vernment would not have the pow
er to enforce the law in the States.
It would, then, be perfect mad
ness to put the funds of the Gov
ernment where they could not be
had when, wanted by it.
In regard to the Sub Treasury
scheme, public opinion had not
been tried on the question, and he
was willing to abide by ihe ver
dict of the people, whatever it
might be. . .
But as far rs he was able to
judge, a priori, what that opinion
would be, he thought it would, be
in favor of it, i, Was il unconstitu
tional? No man pretended that it
was. Was it expedient? That
was the question. '..None of the
objections . w hich applied ; to a
Bank of the United Stales, would
apply to it. But we were told
that it was a new experiment, and
doubtless the word experiment
would be rung in our ears . until
we had the earache. Were we to
be frighted from our propriety by
the word? It was an experiment
so far as this Government was
concerned, but not . as regarded
the world. Every body would
.admit-. that, it was not liable lo be
a total failure like,' batiks. Nor
was it liable to the numerous ob
jections against the deposile
'Mr. S. next answered the argu
ments urged against the scheme
on the ground of ihe Executive
patronage which would necessari
ly be attached lo it. He insisted
that it would not be either great or
dangerous that no apprehension
need be entertained on that scare.
He referred lo the question of the
currency, and expressed his senti
ments to be like those sel forth in
the Message. He observed that
so far from ihe banks being a
gainst the Sub-Treasury scheme,
they ought to favor it, because it
would be the means of making
specie more plentiful than hereto
fore. After some further remarks
on various subjects bearing upon
the scheme, he concluded by de
claring himself ihe decided advo
cate and supporter of it.
SATURDAY, SEPT. 30. 1837.
tt7As it appears to be the gen
eral wish of our political friends,
that we should continue the pub
lication of this paper, we have de
termined to abandon on the 1st
January next, the religious peri
odical which we have published
ihe past and present years, that
we may be enabled to devote
more time to the mechanical as
well as the editorial department of
the Tarboro' Piessi We are also
making arrangements to improve
its typographical appearance.
Grateful for past favors, we shall
endeavor to merit a continuance
of public patronage.
&JA writer in the Lynchburg
Virginian, contradicts the state
ment recently made by the Staun
ton Spectator, aud copied into
this paper, respecting the death by
suicide of Mr. Felix Roberts, the
travelling jeweller, and says that
'Mr. Roberts is alive and well.
07-Mr.T. J. Bland has retired
from the Portsmouth (Va.) Times.
Mr. J. T. Hill, as sole proprietor,
will continue the paper, which
will, as heretofore, maintain a
neutral course in politics.
GTThe course pursued by Mr.
Calhoun on the Sub-treasury pro
ject, has given rise to much spec
ulation; and it is impossible to es
timate the influence it may have
on the Nullifying branch of lln?
Whig party. The South Caroli
na delegation, with the exception
of Messrs. Preston and Thomp
son, it is said, will unite with Mr.
Calhoun in support of the above
(E?Messrs. Pleasants and Gal
laher, Editors of the Richmond
Whig, are divided in. opinion on
the Sub-treasury system the for
mer approving, and the latter op
posing il. This probably may
be of advantage to their readers,
as ihey cn have the benefit of 'a
streak o fat aud a streak o' lean
on the same subject.
0We find the following para
graph in the last Petersburg Intelligencer:-
Death of Judge Gaston. A
letter from New York of the 20th,
gives advices of the sudden dealh,
in that city, of Judge William
Gaston, . of North Carolina a
gentleman of distinguished talents
and, worth, whose character is
well known and appreciated ihro'
ouf the whole country.
, CC?Ve learn with pleasure.
thai t Alfred M. ,Slade, Esq. of
Martin county, has been appoint-
ed by ihe President, by and with
the advice and consent of the Sen
ate, Consul of ihe United States
for the port of Buenos Ayres.
Mr. Slade, we doubt not, will per
form the duties of his office with
honor to himself and crddit to his
X7"We are gratified to learn,
that our fellow citizen Dillon Jot
dan, Jr. Esq. has been appointed
by the President of the United
States, a Commissioner, under
the act of Congress of the 3d of
March last, to inquire what depre
dations were committed by the
Seminole and Creek Indians, on
the property of the citizens of
Georgia, Alabama and Florida.
We doubt not that the duties of
the commission so far as it de
volves on Mr. J. will be ably aud
satisfactorily performed. Messrs.
Pease and Smith are associated
with. Mr. Jordan in the commis
si on. Fayetteville Jovr.
Congress, In ihe Senate, on
the 10th inst. the following bills
were read a third time and passed.
A bill to authorise the issuing
of Treasury uotes.
A bill to extend the time for the
payment of Revenue Bonds.
A bill to adjust ihe remaining
claims on the Deposile banks.
Mr. Wright reported a bill, on
the 2lst, appropriating $1,600,
000 to carry on the Florida war,
which passed to its second read
ing. Mr. Rives introduced a bill de
signating, the character of the
funds receivable for public reve
nue. On the 21st, an interesting de-!
bate took place on Mr. Rives' J
proposition, lo employ the State
banks as depositories. Mr. Cal
houn opposed the measure, as cal
culated to throw the money into
the power of Mr. Biddle, whose
financial abilities were great, and j
who was ambitious to ''assume
again the high function of con
trolling the currency and banking
power of this country, through
the credit of the Government."
Mr. C. said thai the measure pro
posed by Mr. Rives would inure
alone lo ihe benefit of the Penn
sylvania Bank of ihe United
States, and tho?e in league with it.
Mr. Rives disclaimed the slightest
intention to favor the interests of
Mr Riddle's bank, and believed it
the least likely of any to obtain
benefit from the proposed act.
In the House of Representa
tives, on the 15th. Mr. Cambre
leng reported a bill imposing ad
ditional duties, on depositories in
certain cases, upon public officers,
and for other purposes. This is
the Sub-Treasury bill. The Mint
and its branches, and ihe Post of
fices and land offices, are made
the places of deposile, and: their
officers are authorized to prepare
fire proofs, &tc. for the purpose.
Most of the provisions relate to
guards and checks upon the offi
cers. The bill was twice read aud
On the 1 Sth, Mr. James Gar
land offered a project as a substi
tute for that reported from the
committee on Finance, which was
ordered to be printed for the in
formation of the House.! This
bill proposes the reception in pay
ment of public dues, of the notes
of specie paying banks, and ihe
employment of such banks as the
depositories of the Government,
under certain restrictions.
' Mr. Adams offered a resolution
declaring, that the power of an-
hexing the people of an indepen- :
dent foreign Stale to this Union is !
not delegated lo Congress, nor lo j
.i. r . .
me iL,&ecuiive, nor to any depart
ment of this Government, but is
reserved lo ihe people.
Mr. Wise offered a resolution
for, ihe appointment of n elecl
committee, by ballot, with power
to send for persons and paper, lo
investigate the causes of (he fail,
ures audi delays of ihe Florida
, The principal subject of discus,
sion in the Ilonif, in tlio bill m
postpone the fourth iiiMulitu tit l
(ho depoMtis with tho Simiu., ,
A large number of ptuitiuiu itnti
rmoniimnm 'Viut th utmcm-
tiou of Ttx.i bus been presented
in both Houses.
Annexation of 7 'exas. ftlr. Ad
ams declared the other day, in the
House of . Representatives, that a
large portion of ihe citizens of the
North would rather dissolve the
Union, than consent to this mea
sure. VVe believe from what we
have seen with our own eyes, and
heard with our own ears thai this
is true. Though we knew the
deep-rooled feeling which perva
ded the Northern Stales on the
subject of Slavery, we had no idea
how universal ox rancorous the
prejudice was against this Institu
tion of the South, until the pain
ful truth was forced upon us, on a
recent visit to New England. It
absorbs all other party or political
distinctions. However men may
differ with regard to ihe general
policy of the Government whe
ther' they 'call themselves Whigs
or Loco-locos they all agree in
condemning Slavery as a national
sin which ought to be extirpated.
Cotton Cashed. Il is stated in
the Grand Gulf Advertiser, thai
the Mississippi banks have deter
mined to advance money to the
Planters of the State, to the full
amount of iheir present crop, and
also to one-half the amount of ihe
succeeding crop, at an interest of
seven per cent. I he cotton to be
delivered at certain points agreed
upon, on the river, w hence it is to
be shipped by the banks direel lo
Europe, and sold for cash Thus,
it is said, the planters are to save
the expense o! shipment, he. and
the banks are to obt ain the means
of replenishing their vaults with
Specie Payments. The Rich
mond Fnquirer says: We have il
Irom the most respectable autho
rity, that the Virginia banks may,
in all probability, be able to re
sume, without danger, by the 20lh
of February. . The South West
ern banks perhaps a little later,
because those States'will not per
haps be able to make their crops
fully available before the 1st July.
Rank Convention. Th KnnL
of the State of North Carolina has
agreed to unite in the nronosed
Bank Convention, with a view of
fixing upon a day for the resump
tion oi specie payments. The
President and Directors of this
Bank, we understand, regret that
an earlier day was not fixed upon
for the meeting of the Conven
tion. They are prepared al any
moment to resume, when the
batiks generally shall enter upon
ihe measure. We do not believe
there is a bank in ll Union in a
sounder condition. It is a fact
highly creditable to ihe Directory
of this institution, that of the 86
Deposite banks, according to the
report of the Secretary .of the
Treasury, only two have more
specie in their vaults, and hot one
appears to be so well prepared to
meet its liabilities.
Raleigh Si ar.
Halifax, S(jt. 27. James Fort
was shot in this rminlv nn 5oir.
day last, by a man by the name of
t iuk nroom, and expired in a ve
ry short time. Adv.
Mail Robber taken. We learn
that a stage driver, by the name of
Loftis, was taken up at Ashville,
a few days since, for robbing the
mail. He confessed that himself
& two accomplices, whose names
we do not recollect, have carried
on a regular business of robbing
ihe mails between Wadesborougb,
Charlotte, Statesville, Ashville,
&tc.;for nearly a year past, About
$C0Oof money was fcmnd upon
his person, which he dnilied had
been stolen from the mail. The
accomplices of Loftis have tied,
and been pursued by Col. Smith
and others of Ashville, but we
have no; heard of their capture.
, Salisbury Car.
Sacrilrge, The Kdenton Ga
xetle slnir that the tomU "m which
vt rt deposited the remains of iht
hiltr Jot lab Cofiield of that iriw n,
wn i nten d n the morning of the
I" i'L by some personi .
object was plunder. The!
ol the, deceased, Mr j, 0,itr
field, offers a reward of or'n tl'
sand Dollars for t!,e deter,-
He perpetrator of tl.i,
Distressing from A'eto 0 .
It .s with deep regret we
the scourge lm, is VJ
PJpw Orient :.. ... . AtAh.
The Bulletin nf,!,, ,o. ",Cr
yellow, lever in this city is
to be on the nu T Plica Ti . 1
inems for the lust few davlT
0-- ""k wu 1 1 uay.
-V. Y. Star.
a?A strange rase lately L
pened in Patterson, N.J, J
Grand Jury indicted 40 L
for selling liquors, ami ,iien
sented the Court ititlf . - v
sance, for having licensed asm"!
Tarrocers as it Imrl ,i.
Court refused to tpi-pI .i..
munication from tile Jury w
discharged that body un ihe'sp-
(T?-Al a great Cattle sale j,
Powelllnn, near Philadelphia 0I
the 12th inst. the prices of
ranged from $300 to $(J90 ead
bulls, from $300 to $350 each."'
The St. Augustine Herald c"
the 13th iust. gives an account c:
the capture ol two Indian chief"
Philip and Uchee Billy, fa
warriors and a number of wona
and children. The Indians ven
on the alert and give one dis
charge of their rifles, by whict
Lt. McNeill was unfortunate!
mortally wounded. The nbofe
number captured, amounting ti
35, were carried into St. Aura.
tine on the 12th. Lt. McXeiHlit-
gered till the 1 1th. when lieei-
pired; he was a promising young
Late from Europe. The sly
Pennsylvania, from Liverpool
furnishes London dates to the 23d
of A u trust.
The Liverpool Cotton market
continued well supported, and pri
ces were verv firm.
The London Conner of it
23d, gives the following summary
ot the House of ConinoisrtK
elections having been all (leekied:
Ueformei s 345, Tories 313: total
In France, the ouestion of lb
, - - -dissolution
of the Chambers sua
In Spain, the greatest anxie'J
naturally prevail as to lie mien-
lions ol Don Carlos. I e belief
is. that he will lake uo a posilicn
in the Somo Sierra, between Segc
via and Soria. w hich al onre me
naces Madrid, and communicates
wnU ail the moii(am ranges
Castile, Valencia and Arragon.
Civil War in
arrival at Boston from St. I'btt
we learn thai on ihe 20th mt. w
vil war vacrptl in tNiriuirai; ani
. j-j- a
lhat skirmishing daily took pla('e
between different nortions of
military. ; A great portion of
nnn l !)(p nnr mi nnrv ne t "
satisfied with the Constitution and
Administration of the bo-ver
iiirm, uiiu wcrr ueicii'v
bring about an alteration of
bv forP TV this end. Gen.SJ"
... . i .i... iiip(i if
danha (one of the oldest gener
in he Portuguese servue
raarehing with a large force upj"1
I l . i ,lonfieUiff
i iiviinn nni luioivvp in ijiuv-
Il noriipc were in "c
I' f .in
favor. In coosequeuce
state or alia-irs, msrrttai
been proclaimed throughout i'
country. The Queen vv3
Washington Market, Sept. So--"
Turpentine, new dip, J ' ,
Old $1 60.
Tar,$l 5f. Whig.
Petersburg Market, Sept. 2"
Cotton -8 lo II cents.
Inthis place, on TuedJ
mg the I2th inst. by JaS' f '
i;sq. Mr. Edward C. P"
Mrs. Cdia Pi ice.