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SAI UUDVY, Ot'TOliKU 13, ISiJS.
C7Ve regret lo learn, lhat the damage
sustained by the late freshet is much great
cr than was at first anticipated. It will
he seen by the following article, that lh
llev. Josiim Lawrence, whose knowledge
and experience in these matters we believ.
to be unsurpassed, estimates the loss at
three millions of dollars. At the fiist
blush, this amount would appear almost
incredible but when we take into consi
deration the extensive low grounds on Tar
Kiver and iis tributaries, the large number
of mills, and I he numerous bridges, nenrlx
all of which have been injured in a greater
or lesser degree, we may reasonably con
clude that the loss is not overrated.
O i Xeuse river, we understand, the loss
is equally extensive as that on T.;r river
O i the Roanoke, we are happy to learn,
the damage sustained is but trilling.
FOR THE TAKBOIIO1 PRESS.
Well, George, sometimes you, like other J
primers, are liard run for hot and Iresh
news, and have lo ransack some old moul
dy records lor something that max be in
leresting to your readers; and in such case
your friends should help you a little, so
then, when you find a sp ire column, you
may insert the following.
In the year I?9G. at 1G years old, I set
tied in the fork of Fishing Creek and Tar
Rirer, cut down some pine hgs with mv
own hands ami built me a hut; and not far
from that spot I have reared many building-;
and lived ever since. The freshet in
1793 is marked dow.i; four others I have
Seen, but none since '93 as large as tin
present. The one in August '95 done a
great ileal ol damage on I ar I!ivir mu I
Fishing Creek; but no comparison with
this. The freshet in 1778, was marked
down on the door post of Mr. Josiah Ses
sions. I paddled my cmoe into Ins door
in '93, and the freshet in '93 l icked about
15 niches of being as high as that of '78;
the present lacks with me about 31 leet
being up to that of '9S Butifmx memo'
ry serves me, that of '98 was in .March or
April; this in September, which makes a
wide difference in its ravages and destruc
tion of property and labor of the husband
man. The cause of the freshet with me is,
first, the junction of the waters of Tar
River, Fishing Creek, and Deep Creek;
all which come together within four hun
dred yards of each oilier. The second
cause is, the high banks of the river
from the Purry place to Fenny Hill; thi
makes the water bark 'on us, not having
vent below the mouth of the creeks. Also
the high banks from Sessums' Bridge ami
above there, makes a freshet in Fishing
Creek, above those high banks about
Uii ken's. Lyon's, Izc. It has swept fi
for me 32 head of shepp, hogs I know not
how many as yet, and at least 150 barrels'
ot corn I call ruined, 15 st icks of fodder.
and much damage done to 9 stacks oi l
wheat; all my cotton to perhaps 1500
pounds, peas, potatoes, Sic. sa)ing nothing
about the damage done to fences, &e.
should say from what I know of the farms
on Tar River, Fishing Creek, S w i f t Creek,
and Deep Creek, and I partially know
them from near head to foot on both 'sides,
that three millions of dollars would not re
comprise the farmers on those streams for
And I would further say to the farmers
on those streams, that so far as I have tried
heretofore, they had better let their corn
alone on the stalk and not shuck it, nor
touch it until it gets dry in the field; for I
have often swimmed over the lops of the
corn tassels in my low lauds on the creek
and river, when it has been in its silk, and
then made as good corn as ever 1 made;1
but the nearer dry the worse it hurts it,
this 1 have proved, bnt the best way is not
to touch it, only that on the ground, so far
as I have tried it.
The drought has hurt its thousands, but
the wet its fifty thousands. I write as I
think, and am GO years old, and have rang
ed the banks of the above streams for 40
odd years, and ought to know when the
sun shines, be sure, or the moon, or the
day-star, since I will say, Uiat the sun has
never risen on me before out of bed unless
sick in 23 years, at home or abroad, in
tavern or private house, on Sabbath' or
week days. I have been forthcoming
from two hours to day-break and at all
times between then and before sun rise.
NTow, George, think on what I say; this
freshet has risen faster than any that I have
seen heretofore, by near two inches in the
hour, and fallen in the same proportion for
quickness. And the loss sustained, accord
ing to my feelings, has no more effect on
me than the bite of a horse fiy, quick pain
i 1- nvcr For my affections are on
imes I consider thai industry, prudence
aml Care, and strict attention to business or
a man's calling, is the duty of all men and
a safe guard in virtue, wealth and respec
iabditx; idleness of men a curse to man,
society, and the nation.
ThU vear '33. is, I ibmk, marked with
the judgments of Cod throughout the
ad, and perhaps the beginning of curses
to the nation; for go to the house ol (od
to wor.-ddp, and there your ears will be
stunned with rail roads, banks, and cotton,
the curse of the poor and the nation.
Newspaper must be lead in every group,
and politics holds her court in the moetinu
house yards, (Tarborough excepted,) with
,11 her train of laughing and contention
between individuals and parties. The
church of Cod divided, contending, hack
biting, whimpering, reproaching each other;
and professors scarce slum a gieen u-.n
,..v where I know of; all are going to Ilea
veil by their knowledge or creed of faith,
unaccompanied by good woiks, the true
lest of a living faith or a Christian man;
while others mock, and jest, and sport at
the preaching of the gospel and the mm
isters thereof, and ireal it with contempt;
while hundreds judge it not worth hear
ing. or think themselves too great to hear
ii, or that at least they have no need of the
blessings ihe gospel contains. Now add
to this the pride, dress, pomp, show, and
parade, t q-iippage of man and horses,
ficc, when I can remember when then
were but two stick gigs and one old top gin
in Edgecombe county.
Is this change which has taken place in
fifiy years for ihe better, or for the worse
of ihe nation? I shall leave you to de
tcrmiue, with only saying, that that which
ruins an individual when cariied to ex
cess, in the same way ruins a nation when
carried to excess bv her. Then we will
j'isi say this, that pride and luxury, com
bined w tilt idleness, has sunk the proudest
empires that ever were reared by man.
Our nation is beginning fast to tread in the
foutteps of form r nations, and will sooner
or later meet the judgments and scourge:,
of ( ioil, and sink into the same whirlpool
of the vengeance of Cod against wicked
nations, of famine, pestilence and swiml,
and oppression ol tyrants. For whenever
nations lose their virtue they lose their
patriotism, both of which are ihe life blood
of all national and individual strength :
for righteousness exalteth a nation, bul sin
is a reproach lo any people. Ami by ii
they ripen themselves for Cod's judgments,
as did the Vutideluviaus, Sodomito, Jews,
Greeks, Romans, h . And the best co
lective proof that I hive been able l
make from the history of former nation
of their degeueiacy, is to make a jest ol
virtue, boldness in sin, and mockery o;
things sacred, and cast off all the restraint
of morality and religion, and give over li
do as they list lo satisfy sensual passion
without shame. One word shall not
Cod visit a nation for these things?
N. B. I have written this George, lo
give information lo others of this section
of country, and 1 should be gratified to
hear in return from other sections, to know
how things are going on elsewhere.
Small Pox in IVarrcnton. We regret
to see it stated in the Reporter, that three
new cases of Small Fox have occurred in
Warrenton. The first w as a negro worn in
on the lot of Mr. Geo. M. Allen, to whom
it ia supposed it was communicated by a
stage passenger; the 2nd and 3rd cases are
her children; and the 4th, another negro
woman on the same lot. Means have
been adopted to prevent its spread.
Sporting Intelligence. The New Mar
ket fall Races, near Petersburg, commenc
ed on Tuesday, the 2d inst. First day,
the Sweepstake, mile heats, $ 1 00 entrance,
G subscribers, xvas won by S. VV. Mor
gan's b. f. by Lnzborough, beating three
others. A beautiful race, and closely con
tested. Second day, the Proprietor's
purse, $300, two mile heals, 300, xvas
won by W. R. Johnson's b. m. Mary
Lyle, beating three others. Third day,
Jockey Club Purse, $700, four mile heats,
i wo entries won at two heats by W. R.
Johnson's c. h. Boston, beating Polly
Green with ease, who was withdrawn after
the first heat. Fourth day, purse taken
by Henry Maclitrs c. c. beating three
(7"Ve are indebted lo the attention of
Mr. IVm. F. Dmcy, for a pamphlet copy
of "An Address delivered before the two
Literary Societies of the University of
North Carolina, by Hon. William U
Siikpard, June 27, 1838." This Address
fully sustains the character given to it, by
several of the most distinguished literary
gentlemen of our Stale on Commencement
day, who pronounced it to be inferior lo
noue ever delivered at our University. It
also has excited the commendation of di-
lal writers, as will be seen by tne ioi.
,.. article from the Alexandria uazeue .
w. II Slipnnrri's address be-
fore the Literary Societies of the Univer
sity of North Carolina is a very excellent
Mv . !, Iipi senti
production. " "J8 . ' , .
I . i ,,t a redo flit
ments, in a naiura. a.j.c, -of
classit at literature. We welcome Mr.
S back again from the boisterous conten
tion of p.M ties in the House of Represen
tatives to Ihe quiet balls of learning and
,he calm retreats of private life. He shows
in his address that he turns with delight
from the dusty high road of po it.es, into
the flowery paths of science and learning.
Commercial Convention. -The follow
ing Circular, relating to the proposed Con
vention to be held at Norfolk, has recently
Norfolk Borough, Sept. 17, 1S3S.
Sir; The Commercial Convention
t 4l.. ..mtv.l,l,..l in I? ie hnmnd
xvmcn ruL'tiui) n..,ivw ...
having recommended that another Conven
tion should be holdcn at Norfolk, on the
second Wednesday in November next, the
cilizensof this Borough have appointed a
delegation to the proposed Convention, and
havcTconstitulcd us a Committee to invite
their fellow citizens of Virginia and North
Carolina, to meet them on the occasion of
the assembling of that body. Believing
that you feel a deep interest in the success
of every measure that may tend to relieve
the eomnferce of the S mthern States from
the burthens to which it has so long been
Mihjeeled, we address this communication
to von requesting, that you will use such
means as you may be cnabied to command,
lo induce the people of your district to ap
point a delegation to the proposed Con
vention. The restoration of the direct inlcrcourse
betw een foreign nations and the Southern
portion of the United Slates, we feel to boa
subject of the most vital importance. Wo
are not unmindful of the difficulties which
oppose the accomplishment of this desirable
result; but we cannot permit ourselves to
doubt, than they are only such as may he o
vercomo by united and persevering exer
tion. By the operation of causes not in
herent in our natural condition, but which
may be plainly traced to human ag.-ney,
we have been deprived of that commerce
which once shed its kindly influences over
every department of industry. What xve
have once enjoyed, there Mirely can bo no
natural incapacity to possess, and have xve
so declined inspirit and recourccs, thai xve
may not recover that which has been
wrested from us by no physical necessity,
but by the efforts of commercial rivalry,
stimulated and assisted by partial legisla
tion? Arc xve less lilted now than former
ly, to conduct the operations of an exten
sive commerce? Are the products of our
soil less abundant our harbors less capa
cious our merchants less intelligent?
May not the simple xvants of our people
be supplied, witliou: laying tribute to
those whose agency is superfluous; and
may not the productions of our agricultu
rists be sped to the placu of their consump
tion, xv i thou t undergoing the expensive
ceremony of an introduction to tne ports
of a distjnt section of the Union?
If the true answer to these inquires be
such as xve suppose, it is not moie the part
of interest than of patriotism, to expose the
causes which have produced the evils allu
ded to, and to ascertain the remedies by
which their operation may be countervail
ed. We know no means more likely lo
ensure accurate information upon these in
teresting subjects, than an appeal lo the
matured reflection and varied experience
of those xvho feel the ills, of which they
complain; and we believe there is no mode,
in which their counsels may be more free
ly imparted, or more extensively benefi
cial, than in the proposed convention, in
which error may be exposed by friendly
explanation, mutual suggestions may elicit
We have the honor to be,
With great respect,
Your obd't Servants,
JOHN S. M1LS0N,
JAMES T. SOUTTER,
JOHN H. BUTLER,
HENRY B. REAR DON,
WM. E. CUNNINGHAM.
JVakc Siqicrior Court. The Superior
Court for this county, xvas held last xveek,
His Honor, Judge Saunders, presiding.
The only case of a Capital nature xvas
an indictment against negro Shadrack, the
property of Thos. Alston, Esq. of this
County, for a Rape. The victim of bis
brutality (xvas a daughter of Mrs. Terrell,
near Rolesvillc, a deaf and dumb and idio
tic child of 13 years of age. The testimo
ny in the case xvas positive and direct the
chief xvitnesscs for the State being the xvife
and daughter of the Prisoner. The Jury
remaining out but a short time, xvhen they
returned with a verdict of GuiltyOn
application, hoxvever, of the Prisoner's
Counsel, a new trial xvas granted by his
Honor, the grounds of which xve did not
learn. Raleigh Reg.
(jDJohn B. Henderson, recently tried
before the Criminal Court at Washington
ity, for forging Treasury Notes, xvas
found guilty, and sentenced to pay a fine of
fifty dollars and lo suffer ten years impris
onment at hard labor in the Penitentiary.
-pIr Orr is elected from the co'mty
of Mecklenburg, to supply the vacancy oc
casioned by the death, of Mr. Hutchison,
Tlr Orr is a licmocraiic. uepuoncu,.
Mexico and Texas. In formal ion has
been received at New Orleans, which war
rants the belief that Mexico will soon ac-I-noxvlrdne
the independence ot lexas;
and that the Indian difficulties on the fron
tier of Texas are entirely quelled.
Warlike. The Mobile Register of the
-0ih ult. slates that an order has been is
sued by the Covernor of Mississippi lo
HriuMdier Oen. Carter, of Columbus, to
h ive the rifle corps of that place held in
readiness, as there is a prospect of an Indian
:n th.-it nu.irtcr. It seems that a por
tion of the Muckabusha Indians, cast of
Ihe Pearl river, in Leake county; are em
bodied, and threaten to take vengeance on
the whites for having killed one of the
tribe. They were to have held a council
on the 10th. About twenty were said to
fX7The President returned yesterday,
greatly invigorated by the vis.it to the Vir
ginia Springs. His incessant occupation
of mind situ e ihe inauguration, the ardu
ous labor xxhirli txvo successive and very
important sissions of Congress devolved
upon him, had preyed considerably on his
strength. The reviving waters -of the
Virginia Springs, the pure air, and
cheerful exercise enjoyed in liaxeisiug
mountains, have imparled a look ol robusi
which we have mil observed in htm
The most agreeable circumstance of the
President's journey was the tinafl' t ied, fa
rniliai, hospitable kindness with which he
was every w here received by the people ol
Virginia. Parade, ostentation, and (or
mality which, Imxvexer, kindly meant,
are always oppressive to one of simple
habits and Republican feelings w ere most
tiratefidly exchanged for unceremonious
and friendly intercourse with ihe sensible,
independent, and high-spirited people with
w hom he spent txvo months of partial re
laxation from intense application to busi
ness. Globe of od inst.
Cherokee frauds. We learn from Chas.
L. Hinloo, Lsj. one of ihe commissioners
under xvhose superintendence and direc
tion the sale of these lands took place last
month, thai the lauds sold remarkably
well, having averaged at leasl four limes
j the Stale price. The amount of sales
was about 370,000; one-eighth of which
was paid down, and the balance xvell se
cured by bonds, which xvill constitute a
handsome unappropriated fund, subject to
the future disposition of the Legislature.
The Democratic Dinner. The dinner
given at Va.n ex ille on Friday last, lo the
Sen itors and Delegation in Congress from
this Slate, who have supported the impor
tant measures of the Administration, in
their respective public stations, xxas nu
merously attended by the citizens of ibis
county, and others; although the xveather
xvas extremely unfavorable for ihe occa
sion. Speeches were delivered by Messrs.
IJrown and Ryuum and an eloquent and
interesting letter from Mr. Calhoun, xxas
read to the assemblage all of which were
received with marked satisfaction.
Upmi ihe whole it xvas an interesting
time, and each one seemed lo enjoy him
self in a capital manner.
The proceedings in detail xvill be pub-
nsneu in our paper next xveek; and alter
dial ihe speeches of Messrs. 13 row n and
byuum xvill be given. Milton Spec.
Murder. The "Hillsborough Record
er" states that, on Monday last, a murder
was committed at a grog-shop in Orange,
by Alarcus Armstrong. He had been
drinking freely: on being refused more
liquor by Joshua Berry, the owner of ihe
shop, he became enraged, seized Berry
arm mrew turn over the railing of the pi
azza, which broke his neck and back.
Armstrong immediately made his escape.
Murder. A most awful murder xvas
committed in this county on the night of
ine yj instant. :lrs. 1 empy Shaxv, xvife
ol Mr. James bhaw, shol her husband
through the heart, and he expired instant
ly. We have not been able to learn the
particulars; but we understand lhat they
had lived disagreeable together for some
lime. This is ihe second murder xve have
had to record this year committed by
Females in ibis county. We forbear
comment, as the mailer xvill no doubi, un
dergo Judicial investigation. Mrs. Shaxv
has not been committed to jail yet for ihe
offence. It is supposed lhat she has "cut
ouu" Halifax ddv.
Mammoth Pea. We saw a Pea a few
days since raised by Mr. Weller, (Cultiva
tor of the Morus Multicaulis Mulberry
Tree) that measured 28 inches in length,
ueat liis who can. ib.
Servile Insurrection. We learn from
llie Franklin (Tennessee) Review of Fri
day week, that a contemplated insurrec-
lion of the negroes in . . ,
Mississippi, w;ts detecuM ruu
lew days ago. The
annexed a count () r,. i "' t,
I " I lu I,
lntellie-eurer ol the 4ili 1 i
The iiittiuator nf ii...
a unuc man
occurrences of this lu!uj nil , 31 in,
disclosed through the fM r 'el',,:!
i he negro in qiesi,ol, .() "v,
the idea of his mispress falli,,,,"01
massacre, and divided t!1P ,,,
son of respectability, by IOse J'.'h
neuro appointed a mglit m, ., i ;
xv !,!,.. . ";
the fiend who directed the ploi f,
M ii. .1
wi ' plans
in r. . 1 1
On ll le nighi appointee sever !
having secreted themselves ( - "
for the purpose of ovei liearin-r uVP ''
satton. the necrro met tli r,,.." ufr'
s soon as he had opened , r. .
tiently lo fm vish rum hbive tvl
his guilt against himself, le j,,
cealed rushed upon him nu: SlTr' '? r!;r"
After his guill xvas rendered crrta'.;?'
indignation of iIip xWi,e m..
around was so greatly cx,-i;t,j l!a,. ')
with much difii nlty (he friends ,?
laws could save the cu!'tii honi i,
geance of Judge Lynch. IJilt
jnieed to say that in Ninth M;S:J'
regard for the laws and the nm!-'
prevailed over ihe Lym h ( (!,
lii ilpr rnlrnl.itpil titan -im. ,. I : i
thejsibly be conceived of, to aroue t!iP
the sinus and impel il.e citizen to adaC
" v " ii ran
(justice xviin ins own hand.
Alabama Ranks We learn from
vale letter, received b) the Express irf;
of yesterday, that the recent Cv,lK,J,
of the Alabama Banks had ('iso!ved v
out fixing a day for resumption. '(
the Mobile Ranks xvere in fuor if fuj
the first of January, but they found no
porl in the Convention. Pet. l,t.
Petersburg Market, Oct. 5. Colt
i itt- iiiciir.ci ia ii y ljuiei, V. Ill) llie ft(f",
lion of a few bales of the new Crrp r;
ceiveo imsweeu, xx nu n hroiight Uceu
. :., .i : :
unit ia ii iii nines Mine (Mir 1,1
publication. Flour, Superfine .S a S
Corn, Scarce at S5, Bacon, (bog lound.
10 to ia rts.
Oct 9. NTo change in prices since c
last, with the exception of Wheal, tiki,
xve nwxv quote at $ 50 to 1 05. hi.
Norfolk Market, Oct. 10 Cntmn,
lo 12 ents; Corn, 85 to 63 reins; B
con, (hog round,) 14 to J4J; Lard. 13
Six bales of new Cottnn reached m
on Monday, and were immediately stiM
13 cents. The pi inters m.iy semi il lien
freely they xxill find no want rf purr la
sers in our market at fair prices. it.'
Jit Tarborouirh and Acw York.
15 randy, apple,
per Tiirboro'. Sac
lb j 12 H 10 l;i
gallon 80 100 41 4'
ll ! 13 Id 9 13
bushel TO 73 105 1
lb i 8 - 9 8 l1'1-
yard 20 2." 13 -1
barrel 7 8 :
lb i 5 3 1
lb 10 12 U 1
gallon 50 5.5 33 H
lb 10 13 :i 1,1
bushel GO 63 2H f,
barrel ! 175 ISO 273
bushel. 100 K'3 H 1:(J
gallon) 53 CO ii
Salt, T. I. -Turpentine,
Justices of the Fence
OF EDGECOMI5E COUNT1".
A MEETING of ihe Justices rl I -
County of Edgecombe county, at
Court House in Tarboro',
On Thursday, the IHlh insl.
Is earnestly n quested, for the purpoe ci
liking into consideration Ihe necfsrJ
sleps lo repair the Bridges in ihis cour.'y;
damaged by Ihe late freshet, as it is a
lulely necessary that something shcu'J 1,8
done to facilitate travelling betore the en
Several of the Bridges xvill be let os.
on that day, and those disposed to ;i
tract for the same, xvill do xvell to attend- X,
By order of some of
Ocf. 12, 1S.3S.
Sndrcw Ilcvan V Brother,
Mr. James Wcddtll, ? 0f Tarboro',
Mr. JesspC. Knight. v Ca.
Messrs. D. Knight & Co. )
Oot. 4, 1S3S. 4Q
ncT - r:c?n;,i nQ T?;it i?neoc)
Joshua Lawrence for $6 25, PA .
to Ihe subscriber, and dated about i;
pril, 1S3S, for work done by nfr
Will. The public are cautioned 9
recei vms sud Due UiU, as it nas dri r
Sept. 29, IS3S.