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Whole No. 7r2.
The Titrhwoiv'h I9rcss,
BY GT.OUOE IIOWAIM),
Is published weekly at Tien Dollars and Fiji
("(ft per year, if paid in advanceor, Ttroe
Dollars at the expiration of the subscription year.
Tor an) period les than a year, Twent -fire
f "nts per month. Subscribers are at liberty to
discontinue at anytime, on givi ug notire thereof
nnd paying arrears those residing at a distance
must invariably pay in advance,'or give a respon
sible reference in tins vicinity.
inserted at One Dollar the first insertion, an
refits tor every continuance, honker advertise
ments in like proportion. Court Orders and .Ju
dicial advertisements 25 per cent, higher. Ad
vertisements must be marked the number of in
sertions required, or they will be continued until
otherwise ordered and charged accordingly.
Letters addressed to the Editor must be post
paid or they may not be attended t o.
Doctor W in. EVAXS'
For children Tee tiling,
PREPARED BY HIMSELF.
! To Mothers and Nurses.
TTMIE passage of the Teeth through the
: gmr.s produces troublesome and dan
gerous symptoms, it is known by moth
ers that there is great irritation in the
mouth and gums during this process. The
gums swell, the secretion of saliva is in
creased, the child is seized with frequent
and stidilcu fits of crying, watchings, start
ing in the sleep, and spasms of peculiar
parts, the child shrieks with exireme vio
lence, and thrusts its fingers into its mouth.
If these precursory symptoms are not spee
dily alleviated, spasmodic convulsions uni
versally supervene, and soon cause the
dissolution of the infant. If mothers who
have their little babes afflicted with these
distressing symptoms, would apply I)r
William Evans's Celebrated Soothing
Syrup, which has preserved hundreds of
infants when thought past recovery, lrom
: being suddenly attacked with that fatal
. This infallible remedy lias preserved
hundreds of Children, when thought past
'recovery, lrom convulsions. Assoonasi
the Syrup is rubbed on the gums, the child
will recover. This preparation is so in
nocent, so efficacious, and so pleasant, that
no cmiu win reiuse to lei us gums oe instruction; oi- tHul tlisc wlio passed them
rubbed with it. When infants are at the intended to recognise in them that cardinal
age of four months, though there is no ap-1 principle in the Republican Creed. This
pearance of teeth, one bottle of the ; conclusion was forced on me, not mere
Syrup should be used on the gums, to . Iy from the absence of any assertion of the
open the pores. Parents should never be principle of instruction, in the Resolutions
without the Syrup in the nursery w here themselves, but by the distinct rejection,
there are young children: for if a child ky the majority who passed them, of an
wakes in the night with pain in the gums, !
the Syrup inimediaiely givesease by open-
itigthe pores and healing the gums- there-!
by preventing Convulsions, Fevers, &c.
To the Asnt of Dr. Evans' Soothing
Svrup: Dear Sir-The great benefit
;r , , . .S .
a lorded to my suilermpr infant by vour
o . . c r .
Soothing Svrup, m a case ol protracted
and painful dentition, must convince every
feeling parent how essential an early p -
plication of such an invaluable medicine
is to relieve infant misery and torture. My
infant, while teething, experienced such
acute sufferings, that it was atlackvd with
convulsions, and my wife and family sup
posed that death would soon release the
babe from anguish till we procured a bot
tle of your Syrup; which as soon as ap
plied to the gums a wonderful change was
produced, and after a few applications thej'l1ure of a Stale, he is responsible to the
child displayed obvious relief, and by con
tinuing in its use. I am glad to inform
you, the child has completely recovered,
and no recurrence of th;?l awful complaint
lias since occurred; the teeth are emana
ting daily and the child enjoys perfect
health. I giveyou my cheerful permission
to make this acknowledgment public, and
will gladlv give any information on this
I When children begin to be in pain with
their teeth, shooting in their gums, put p
little of the Syrup in a tea-spoon, and
with the finger let the child's gums be
rubbed for two or three minutes, three
limes a day. It must not be put to the
breast immediately, for the milk would
take the syrup oil too soon. When the
teeth are just coming through their gums,
mothers should immediately apply the sy
rup; it will prevent the children having
fever, and undergoing that painful opera
tion of lancing the gums, which aluavs
makes the tooth much harder to come
through, and sometimes causes death,
s Ilc;varc of Coimivviviix.
I fCaution.' Be particular in ptircha
J'ugj to obtain it at 100 Chatham St.,
pew York, or from the
j J. M. Rkdmoxd, f , ,
Geo. Howuu), $ 1-,u"'
M. Kussel, Elizabeth City.
From the Raleigh Standard.
SE N ATO R I A L R E S I G N A T 1 0 N S.
We have been furnished by Messrs. Brown
and Strange with tbc following copies of
Letters sent to his excellency the Governor
Y . ' ....... Y
Uenerai vssemniy, oy wnicn inesegeimc
men resign their scats in the Senate of the
Juited Stales, to take effect from and afier
the meeting of that body. Whatever in iy
bo the result of this step, our Senators
have pursued the course of high-minded
and honorable men, and will be still
more endeared to the Democratic Republi
can party of this State. The Ruyner
Resolutions will now be fairly before the
people, and their adoption by the last
Legislature of North Carolina, which was
the consummation of the most vindictive
party spirit and the vilest hypocrisy, will be
judged of by them.
Washington City, 301 h June, IS 10.
To the Honorable the General Assembly
of the State of North Carolina, which
is to assemble on the third Monday of
Gentlemen: In pursuance of the deter
mination announced by me, when I sub
mitted to the Senate of the United States
certain resolutions passed by tbc Legis
lature of the State of North Carolina at its
last session, in relation to certain-measures
of the General Government, I tender to
you my resignation for the residue of the
term for which I was elected to the Senate
of the United States; to take e fleet from
and after the meeting of the next General
The reasons which influenced me in com
ing to this determination, were so fully
made known by me in.tho remarks which
I made at the time when the resolu
tions were presented to the Senate of the
United States, that I will not again recapit
ulate them, more than by briefly adverting
to a few of the leading considerations
which induced me to postpone tendering
my resignation until the present period.
I did not believe,'after giving to the Res
olutions the most mature deliberation, that
thev were to be regarded as Resolutions of
amendment offered in both Houses of
,ne General Assembly, proposing !o make
tlie!n Resolutions of Instruction. The as -
' S,Ttl0n ol thlS P"'P in " Absolutions
: l,,cn,scI v?s ,las h'cn ,; '"rsal practice
"n ;?' ho acknowh dge th e right
o instruction; not onlv in our own Legis-
, , , ., , . r . . ,
k'ture, but in the Legislatures of other States
, f tho Conredcracv, -hcncvcr thev han,
(leemM, h ,h(.ir t t(j resot tQ
lcj.se of this reat ria;ht. This practice is
; founded on the obvious nrincinle.th it who,.
I I 7 '
the Legislature,!)' resolutions of instruction,
command their will to be done, touch
ing public measures, all further responsi
bility is removed from the Senator, and the
vote which he gives is the vote of the Le
gislature. Acting, therefore, upon the principle
mat wnen a senator is elected by flic Lens
peopie oi mat state, until Die legislature
representing them chooses, by Resolutions
of Instruction, to take from him that re
sponsibility, and perceiving as well from
the language of the resolutions themselves,
as from the proceedings which took place
on them when under consideration, that
such was not the intention of gthe Le
gislature, I did consider that I was bound
either to obey or resign.
In deliberating on the course which it
was my duty to pursue, I anxiously somrht
to adopt that which, in mv iudement. was
best calculated to preserve the rights of
uie peopio oi me .Tuaie. It the Kcsolu
tions had asserted the Right of Instruction,
'hen there would have been no option, but
prompt obedience of resignation. This
however not being the case, either would
have been alike violative of the rights of
the People of the State, with which I had
been entrusted, and subversive of the Right
In thus tendering my resignation, I feel
it my duty to state that it is not prompted
by a belief that the Resolutions passed
by the late General Assembly imposed
on me any such obligation, but from an
anxious desire to submit my public course
to the decision of the people of the State
which would have been done at an earlier
period, if an election had sooner inter
vened. i avail myself of this occasion to declare
explicitly, my belief in the right of the
legislature 6f a State to instruct their
iSenutors, and of the corresponding duty
Tarlorough, ( Edgecombe County, JV. C.J
! it imposes on them to yield obedience or
to return the political power which has
been entrusted to them to those from whom
they derived it.
I cannot conclude this communication
without expressing to the General Assem
bly, and through them to the people of the
State my most sincere and grateful ac
knowledgments, for the distinguished
honors which they have at different times
conferred on'me, and the lively gratitude;
with which these manifestations of public
confidence will be ever cherished by me.
It would be presumptuous in me to claim
exemption from error, in acting on the ma
ny important questions which have been
before Congress, since I have occupied a
seat in the Senate of the United States. 1
have, however, the consolation to know
that whatever errors I may have commit
ted, my motives have been disinterested,
and that my public course h is been dictated
by an anxious desire to promote the happi
ness of our common country, ami perpetu
ate its free institutions.
I have the boner to be,
With great respect,
Your obedient servant,
To the General Jlssemhly of the Slate
of North Carotin a :
I hereby resign the trust with which the
Legislature of the State of North Carolina
was pleased to honor me as one of her
Representatives in the Semite of the United
States; which resignation I desire to take
effect at the commencement of your next
No unwillingness to serve my country ; no
underestimate of the high and undeserved
honor I enjoy in representing a State whose
character is unsullied and whose people ate
unsurpassed for moral purity; no insensi
bility to the heavy debt of gratitude that
rests upon me for the many marks of con-"
fidence nnd the unmerited favors I have
received; not even the conviction i feel
of my own inadequacy to the responsi
ble and weighty duties of the station 1 fill
induces me to resign it. On the con
trary, the proudest retrospect I shall ever
have is, that the representatives of one of the
noblest States of the American Union, tho't
me worthy to represent her in the most au
gust body under the Sun; and the most
cheering consciousness I shall ever experi
ence, will be that of having discharged the
duties of the station with a fidelity meas
ured only by my ability.
My political principles have never been
disguised and they were well known not
only to those who elected me but every
other citizen of the State with whose ac
quaintance I was honored. No one can
say that I have given a vote in the Senate of
the United States, which could not have
, been foretold by every man at all convcrs-
ant with public affairs. Those votes have,
1 firmly believe, been just ?uch as the peo
ple of N. Carolina, or their representatives
by whom I was elected, would have in
structed me to give. Vet, since my elec
tion, a general election for members of
the Legislature has taken place and made
some change in thecomplexion ofthathody,
whether or not fairly representing the sen
timents of a majority of the people, is a ques
tion which tbc people themselves must de
cide. At their last session, majorities of both
branches of that body, were pleased to ad
opt resolutions expressive of the opinion
that my course was not in conformity to
the wishes of the people. From that opin
ion mine respectfully differed. Had that
body assumed its proper responsibility and
instructed me, how to act, I should have
either obeyed those instructions literally
or forthwith resigned. The mere expres
sion of opinion, left all the responsibility
upon my shoulders, only increasing there
by its weight and delicacy. I was not ig
norant that there was a design in some to
use these resolutions as a snare in which I
was to be caught and my political death ac
complished. Nay, many of them believed
there was no way forme to escape. If I
treated the resolutions as instructions and
resigned, (for the terms of the resolutions
rendered obedience impossible,) and there
by insure my place being filled by an op
poncnt of the administration, I should
bring upon myself condemnation as a trai
tor to those who had trusted me, or as a
cowardly deserter of my post in the hour
of trial. If on the other hand I neither
reigned nor obeyed, 1 should be denounced
as one who disregarded the will of my con-:
stituents and set at nought their right to in
struct me. I saw the dilemma in which 1
should be placed, and resolved to escape
from it by throwing back the responsibil
ity where it properly belonged. I was
well convinced that I could not with
propriety treat the resolutions as instruc
tions, and so respectfully informed the
Legislature, requesting at the same time,
that if 1 was wrong, 1 might be set
right. My conclusion if wrong, was not
corrected, and I might have contented my
self in mv position until its termexpired.
But 1 knew the public mind was much
stirred concerning the doctrine of instruc
Saturday, July 25, 1S40.
tions, ail d tint ungenerous persons would
uuiwiinsianuing me pains 1 had taken to s t
myself right, impute to me the design of.
holdinguuder consitutional formsaplace for
which according to its spirit and substance I
was unfit. It bad been said by high author
ity, that I was supporting an administration
to which my constituents were opposed. I
am among the last men to question the rep
rcscntativc character of our government,
or to deny to the people the right of setting
up and pulling down at pleasure, and
would sooner perish than avail myself ot
a position in which their generous confi
dence had placed me to thwart their wishes.
Relieving that the legislative elections bad
not taken place in reference to any such re
sult, and that tbc appointment of my suc
cessor could not be made in conformity to
the expressed wishes of the people, my
immediate resignation would not have se
cured obedience to their will. But, I de
termined and accordingly promised to re
sign in time for the people to avail them
selves of t lie first occasion of indicating
their choice of a Senatorial representative.
That pledge is now redeemed. I return
to private life, with a bosom glowing with
the same zed for my country, and the
same confidence that the people will do
right, as when 1 accepted at their b inds
a trust, conferring more honor than a dia
dem. That every citizen of the Slate may be
apprised of my resignation and the motive
that leads to it, I shall take the liberty
of furnishing a copy of this letter for publi
cation. 1 am with great respect,
Vour obedient servant,
Washington, June 30lh, 1S-10.
Of the Democratic Republican Conven
tion. Raleigh, N. C, Thursday, July f), IS 10.
The Democratic Republican Convention
met at. 11 o'clock, and, on motion of Wel
don N. Edwards, Esq., was organized by
appointing Col. Allen Rogers, Sen'r, of
Wake county, Chairman, pro. tern.
On motion, a committee of five were ap
pointed by the chair, to report proper ofii
cers for the convention. The following
gentlemen were appointed on the commit
tee, viz: YVeldon N. Edwards, Esq., Dr.
R. P. Williamson, David W. Stone, J no.
S. Eaton, and Gaston II. Wilder. After
retiring a few minutes, the committee re
ported that they would recommend Ihc or
ganization of the convention by the
appointment of Henry Fills of Warren,
President. L. Henderson of Rowan,
and Col. Jos. JJlslon of Halifax, Vice
Presidents J. B. Shepard of Ra
leigh, and Dr. Thos. Davis of Franklin,
Secretaries; which recommendation was
unanimously agreed to, and Wcldon N.
Edwards, and Dr. Jos. 0. Watson were
appointed to conduct the. officers to their
seats. The President then addressed the
Convention in a feeling and appropriate
On motion, the secretaries were requested
to call over the roll of counties, when
the following appeared to be represented,
. Vinson B. F. Ingram.
ishe Wm. II. Haywood.
Brunswick James B. Shepard.
Carteret David W. Stone, and Thos.
Caswell Wm. F. Brown, Dr. David
Pointer, and Nicholas M. Thomson.
Chatham Wm. Foushee, and Philip
Cumberland John II. Cook, John Mc
Neill, A. G. Kelly, John T. Gilmore, and
Thomas L. Ilybart.
Duplin Cornelius McMillin.
Edgecombe Wyatt Moye, Major E.
Barnes, Robert Bynum, Jesse Mercer, Me
dy Willilord, and John P. Sbarpe.
Franklin John 1). Hawkins, Gillford
Lewis, Wm. D. Coppedge, Thomas How--erton,
Wm. Jeffreys, Wm. II. Williams,
Gustin Perry, Samuel Brodie, Fred. Leon
ard, Rob't Gupton, Wm. Green, J no. E.
Twitty, Jones Cook, Wm. M. B. Arend
ell, Isaac Winston, R E Williams, and
Granville --John S. Eaton, Peter L.
Reavis, S. W. Smith, and I. A. Walthall.
Greene W. A. Dodd.
Halifax Jos. J. Alston, Richard II.
Walker, Thos. W. Han is, Wm. Alston.
M. J. Montgomery, M. A. Alien, K. P.
Alston, and C. Hamlin.
Hertford Allen Rogers, Sen'r, and
Johnston Dr. Jos. 0. Watson, Dr. AI-
lex'r F. Telfair, Jackson Leach, Isaac Stal
ings, Thos. Rice, Willis McLcod, and
Jno. W. B. Watson.
Lenoir 'esse Jackson, Jr., Geo. W.
Wallace, and Joseph R. Croom.
Moore Wm. D. Harrington.
Nash Dr. Jos. A. Drake, Dr. Rich'd
Sharpe, A. B. Baines, Jr., and Dr. John
New Hanover Caleb M. Bell.
Onslow -Wm. Humphrey, John
French, and John A. Ayirett.
Vol XVI Jo 30.
Orange Dr. Julius Bracken, Sydney
Smith, and Maj. Jas. M. Palmer.
Person R. B. Cunningham, S. T.
Webb, and Dr. Jno. H. Hamlett.
Rowan Jno. L. Henderson.
Robeson Jno. W. Powell.
Rockingham R. B. Williamson, and
Jos. W Neale.
Sampson John Boyken, David Mur
phy, Jas. A. Moore, and R. 0. Holmes.
IVakc Sclh Jones, William White,
Pen-in II. Busbec, Jordan Womble,. Kim
brough Jones, Wm. R. Poole, Joshua Rod
gers, Jas. B. Shepherd, Jer. Dunn, John
Hays, John B. Johns, Wm. H. Haywood,
Jr., Wm. B. Dunn, John Fleming, George
W. Thompson, Jos. Fowler, Jr., Allen
Rogers, Sr., Gaston II. Wilder, and James
TVorrcnU. Fitts, Wm. K. Kearney,
Weldon . Edwards, Lewis Turner, Jno.
Daly, Jno. Boyd, snd J. 0. K. May field.
Wayne Wm. Avery.
It was reported that thirty Counties were
represented, and the whole number of Del
egates in attendance one hundred and four
teen. Wcldon N. Edwards, of Warren, then
introduced the following resolutions, viz:
Resolved, That a committee of seven
members be appointed by the President of
this Convention, to report the proper or
der of conducting tho deliberations of this
The gentlemen whose names succeed
were chosen under ihc last resolution:
Messrs. Edwards of Warren, Moye of
E lgf combe, Williamson of Rockingham,
J. D. Hawkinsof Franklin, Wm. II. Hay
wood of Ashe, Bracken of Orange, and
Holmes of Sampson.
On motion of Jno. D. Hawkins, theCon
vention then adjourned, to meet at 5 o'
clock in the afternoon.
5 o'clock, Thursday afternoon.
The Convention met according to adjourn
ment. The proceedings being read by tho
Secretary, Mr. Edwards from the com
mittee of seven rose and reported the fol
lowing: WhkrkAs the National Convention of
Democratic Republicans in Baltimore, dee
med proper not to nominate A candidate fof
Vice President of the United States, but
leave the same to the choico of the States
Resolved, therefore, unanimously.
That this Convention will now proceed
to vote for a candidate for Vice President,
to be run on the Democratic Republican
ticket in North Carolina.
The vote being taken by ballot, there
appeared to be given ninety-six votes, of
which ninety-five were thrown for Colonel
RICHARD M. JOHNSON, now Vice
President of the United States, and one
for JAMES K. POLK, of Tenn. Col.
Johnson having received nearly an unani
mous vote, was declared to be duly nomi
nated by this Convention.
On motion of Weldon N. Edwards, it
Resolved, unanimously, That wc high
ly and cordially approve of the nomina
nationbythe National Democratic Con
vention, at Baltimore, of MARTIN
VAN BU REN for re-election to the of
fice of President of the Unit d States Wc
hail it as fresh evidence of the consistent
and unwavering devotion of the Republi
can party to the cherished principles of
Democracy and equal rights, and do here
by earnestly invoke the aid of all friends
to popular rights to insure the ascendancy
of those principles by electing him to that
.Mr. Edwards prefaced the foregoing re
solutions with some remarks in his most
happy vein, and we regretted that tho
occasion did not afford him a fair opportu
nity to display those forensic powers
whit li he possesses in so eminent a de
gree. On motion of the same gentleman, it
Resolved, unanimously, That our con
fide nce in the talenis, political integrity,
and Democratic principles of RICHARD
M. JOHNSON, is not only undiminished
but greatly increased; and we hereby res
pectfully recommend him to the good peo
p!;ofNoitii Carolina, for rc-ekction U
the ofbeeof Vice President, of the United
States, which he now fills with such distin
guished ability and usefulness.
On motion of Wm. H. Haywood Jr., it
Resolved, That the legitimate object of
a convention to nominate candidates for
office, is fairly to refle ct public opinion,
and this is always done better by choosing
as delegates those who reside in Ihc section
they represtnl; and though this Conven
claims no authority to prescribe any rule
for the futur e, they respectfully recommend
thai hereafter the delegates reside in the
county or district they are chosen to rep
The following resolution was then intro
duced by Mr. Haywood, and unanimously
Resolved, That Henry Iutts and James
James B. Shepard, of this Convention,