North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Saturday, and the whole of that day, and
so continued until one of the mails ar
rived in the evening. The office was then
kept open until 9, and frequently until 10
o'clock. 1 have further known him go into
his office at any time when rallied upon:
and I have even known him to leave his
house after he had retired at nignt, to deli
ver letters and papers.
PETER T. GOELET, M. D.
Greenville, N. C.
I am a student of Dr. Goelet, and, being
constantly in his office, can testily io me
correctness of the Doctor's statements, as
my opportunities have been equal to that
of any other individual of knowing
Mr. Hoyle's attention to the duties of his
officejand must think that any charge a
gainsl Mr. Hoyle must proceed from hi
personal enemies. As regards his prying
into letters, those who know him, without
hesitation, would pronounce it base slander.
Greenville, N. C.
Greenville, N. C. March 20, 1S39.
1 have been engaged in mercantile busi-
vq question for whig arihmelicians.
IftheFed. ral whigs had a "promise" o!
300 votes in Edgccombt cm.nty in the
election for Governor, and obtained about
100 -how many electoral votes may thej
proportionally expect to receive, when
they b:v the "promise" of about
200? The solu'ion of this question, in our
opinion, will furnish a more correct esti
mate of the result of the ensuing Presiden
tial election, than any we have as yet seen
in th Federal whig papers.
(TThc reader is referred to the first
page, for some further details rrspecting
Mr. Stanly's ch irge agunst the late Post
frpvVe larn verb illy from Pitt conn
v thrt the Pnlir; whii? ticket has SUCCCed-
.i -ir.,1 il.:it Mrmdiead's maioritv over
Saunders for Governor is about 100.
mTUo. ste:mier North Carolina, bc-
longing to the Wilmington Rail Road Co
ness in this place during the whole period i was totally destroyed on Saturday night
last, by coming in contact with the steamer
Gov. Dudley. She sunk in 15 minutes af
ter receiving the shock. iMo lives were
lost, but not more than half the bags of the
great Southern mail, and only a small por
tion of the passengers' baggage were saved.
There were but 13 passengers on board.
The accident is attributed to the ignomnce
or stiange fatuity of McQuade, the male of
the North Carolina.
that James R. Ilovle has been postmaster,
and I have no hesitancy in saying that the
office has been conducted properly under
his management, and that the charges pre
ferred to the Department are incorreet, and
proceeded from either personal or political
I ..i-. 'iMinc TJ AM A II AM
Greenville N. C. March 18, 1S39.
The undersigned states that the firms of
Tison & Co., Tison & Shepherd, and Sher
rod Tison & Co. with whom he is connect
ed in business, receive more Utters and
papers than any other two mercantile
establishments in Greenville; that he never
found any difficulty in obtaining his letters
and papers, even when applied for on a
Sabbath or night; that he occupied as a store
and dwelling during the last year the house
immediately south of the post office, and
he believes the duties of the office have
been as properly transacted by the present
postmaster as "by any of his predeces
sors; that, while the mail passed through
without stopping, (only to be opened,) he
has requested the postmaster to open
his letters and forward the bills of lading
which he miirht find directed to the
firm of which he is a member; and fur
ther than this, he knows of no "prying
into letters to ascertain their contents;" and
that he has no hesitancy in declaring his
opinion that the charges made against the
postmaster were made through political
LAMBERT P. BEARDSLEY.
FOR THE TA KB 0110 PRESS.
Observations on Mr. Badger's Gran
I shall proceed now, fellow citizens, to
notice the different topics of the learned
orator's speech; but they are so various
and so numerous, that the review must ne
cessarily be very brief and concise. Docs
the gentleman intend to assert that "the
eleven years administration" ever did
make "experiments on the banking and
credit system"? Nothing can be more un
true. Was it an experiment on the bank
ing system by Genl. Jackson, when in his
message, he submitted the question of the
re-charter of the U. S. Bank to the peo
ple? Or, when he issued his "specie cir
cular," thereby checking the robbery and
plunder of the "public domain"? Perhaps
the learned orator calls all these acts "ex
periments on banking." Nothing can be
more untrue. But if he has given them
the name it is enough. Names arc things
in Whig philosophy. Hear that learned
but not wise politician and a sort of half
poet, J. Q. Adams, one of the great whig
abolition nartv. and of course of mramnunt
. - ' 1
authority witn our learned orator:
"And if we cannot alter things,
Iiy G-l we'll change their names, Sir."
As for the "credit system," as exemplified
in the splendid career of speculation in
1S35 and IS36, it may be defined to be "a
svstem of fraud by which a scoundrel
without a cent of capital by good backing,
to obtain the spurious and irredeemable
paper of swindling banks, may carry his
speculations on the property of honest
men, to the amount of millions, without at
any moment of his career, being able to
discharge tha hundredth or the thousandth
part of what he owes." But perhaps this
banking and credit system may come un
der luture consideration.
There are few persons so ignorant as not
to know, that the changes which the learn
ed orator has rung, in the pure cant and
slang of whiggery, upon "hard currency,"
"specie humbug," "one currency for the
government and another for the people,"
&c. are pure deception and misrepresenta
tion. The Democratic party desires a
wholesome reform in banks, a solid equal
and stable mixed currency; that banks
shall be the subjects not the masters ofaw,
or superior to it; that the paper circula
tion shall be founded upon, a specie basis,
and at all times convertible actually (not in
name) into specie at the will of the holder
vyithout loss or depreciation. He must be
little less than a madman, who acquainted
at all, with the habits of trade of this coun
try, could expect an exclusive metallic
currency in this our day, or that it were
even desirable. These arc Democratic
ral whigs a "promise" that may be relied opinions, all assertions to the contrary not
on, of what they mayexpect in November, withstanding.
"OFFICIAL STATEMENT of the Polls in the several districts in this county.
Districts. Saunders. Morehead. Wilson. Baker. Barnes. Macnair. Petwiv
17. Gardner's, v
SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1840.
Democratic Republican Slate
MARTIX VAN BUREN.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
RICHARD 31. JOHNSON.
On Thursday last, the Polls were open
ed in this county, for the purpose of recei
ving the votes of the people fer Governor,
members of Assembly, and Sheriff. The
aggregate is as follows: For Governor
Romulus M. Saunders, 1298; John M.
Morehead, 111. General Assembly
Senate: Louis D. Wilson, 588. Com
mons William S. Baker, 1124; Joshua
Barnes, 110S; Ralph E. Macnair, (not a
candidate,) 196. Sheriff William D.
Petway, 1 177. There being no opposi
tion to either of the county candidates, the
vote was not quite as full as usual, on the
part of the Democracy; but we think they
may confidently claim the praise of having
nobly done their duty, and given the Fcd-
65 10 21 52 46 15 50
86 15 46 59 84 36 91
122 I 67 116 111 s 11G
124 1 56 103 111 0 116
54 0 28 45 52 1 49
151 25 61 l?G 117 1 156
74 0 38 16 66 It 67
81 5 27 67 68 10 77
71 1 17 60 25 4 1 63
66 0 32 58 50 14 5S
42 0 23 34 15 23 32
37 12 22 35 32 5 33
73 0 b6 77 72 2 62
44 3 16 44 44 0 39
,66 17 41 60 60 10 38
44 10 26 42 36 10 45
, !3 XI 3! 90 89 3 85
1298 111 588 1124 1108 196 U77
On the subject of the "extravagant ex-
nnn 1 1 1 f 1 1 -rc r f ilif rrnvornmCllt." it IS 1111110-
JfUJUIlUIUl V. ...w - "II 1
........ ,i in nrnvn the lalsenoou
of the charge, than to refer to the tnum
phant vindication of the government, by
1 ho nhiiirman of the committee oi way
.,.! Mr- Innn9 In llU Lite FOeech
ittlU 11". till.-", ! MWll, - 1
in the present session of Congress.
"Treasury notes," "loans in disguise,'
'loans to defray the exnenees cf govern
ment." are themes which one would think,
the learned orator would have shunned as
studiously as he would fly the imputation
of "Quacker Demagogue." It woui
have seemed more amiable, to have tol
t tin nrnn Ir ihn truth: lh.it his meat wl)ii
1 1 7
party with the aid of the National Bunk
and Hank of U. S. of Pennsylvania, and
all her affiliated banks, had labored by day
& night for years to reduce the government
to a state of banknmtcv: that in th:s at-
tempt, the banks themselves became bank
rupt and had suspended payment, at er
carrying ruin into all classes of society, by
unheard of expansions and contractions, by
encouraging a bloated state of trade, -and a
circulation of irresponsible and irredeema
ble paper to the amount of 150 millions,
and the importation of foreign goods to an
equal amount, &c. &c. &c. ; but that in this
traitorous attempt, they were arrested by
the wisdom and vigilance of Mr. Van Bo
ron's administration, which neutralized
1 he blow and saved the country. He
ought to have told the people, that the
banks fraudulently closing their vaults
with 2S millions of the people's money,
which they refused or were unable to pay,
and the merchants owing many millions on
bonds for duties, which it was impossible
in this condition of the country to pay to
the government, Congress passed a law for
the issue of Treasury notes to defray the
expences of government, and with a view
to indulge the. banks and merchants, wnh
time to meet their payments. That such
have been the actual and prospective defi
ciencies apprehended in the revenue, that
Congress has since 1S37 annually renewed
the law for this issue, to prepare and guard
against emergencies until order and regu
larity can be established in the financial af
fairs of the country. This would have
shewn some modesty, and some honesty,
but perhaps on that very account rejected.
"fluctuations in the price of labor
and produce" will be noticed hereafter.
Sarcasm, ridicule, and sneers, are not ar
gument; but it is in this manner that the
learned orator has spoken of the deposit
act. It was concluded (says he) to ask
the States to take charge of this surplus
fund," &.c. Without stopping to notice
the obscurity of the learned orator's phra
seology, it will be sufficient to remark that
no real friend of government could see
without uneasiness and anxiety, the accu
mulation of a large surplus in the treasury
and that both Genl. Jackson and Mr. Van
Buren, have been always strict advocates
for reducing the revenue to the wants of
government, that no surplus should ever
exist. The "deposit act," the merit of
which was claimed by the whig-!, was a
measure supported by both parties; but
was emphatically and technically as its ti
tle imports, a trust in the hands of the
States; not 'a distribution act," as his par
ty would willingly establish. Itisasacred
trust, upon which violent hands cannot be
laid by the States, without infamous rob
bery and swindling; yet the whig pariy:
modestly clamored for the last instalment,
in the well-known absence of funds in the
treasury, nay when a great deficiency, ren
dered it indispensable to have recourse to
the issue of treasury notes, to pay the ex
penses of government. In this we behold
another basely unconstitutional article of
tiie whig creed, viz: Thut Congress has
the power to tax the people, for the pur
pose of raising revenue, to distribute
among, lend, or give to the Slates. The
only hope of success in their political
views and unhallowed objects which the
whig party has, is by deceiving the people
and by filling the country with pecuniary!
distress, until they can force the people tp
cry out for a National Bank, without whose !
aid they despair of getting possession of
l'he Independent Treasury'' has recei
ved the honor of the learned orator's spe
cial denunciation. Th
... v w 1 a Liiu
most simple as well as one of the most use
ful measures which Mr. Van Buren has
ever recommended t
merely a plan for collecting safe ken ninir
and disbuising the public monies, almost
univc: sally adopted by every government
hi ruiope. pee report ol the committee of
finance to the Senate, &c. Jan. 27th, 1S40 )
it 1111. 7
11 wouiu De nut a waste ot time to follow
Ibc gentleman through the inaccuracy and
incorrectness of his statements. I refer to
the hill itself, as the best reply to the mis
representations and distortions of facts of
the learned orator. It is its own best cu
logium. A precious whig confession has
very lately been made on the floor of Con
gress, viz: That the banks cannot exist.
without the use of the money of the go
vernment. Ah! is it out at last? Banks
cannot exist, unless they can periodically
dose their vaults upon 20 or 30 millions of
1 he people's money ! In God's name then,
let them wind up, the sooner the better;
anu 11 tne bub-treasury had no other merit,
it will at least have that of reducing Uu
immense banking capital of the U.S. which
reached in 1S37, upwards of 440 millions
ot dollars. (See American Almanac for
IS3D.) Hencefoith let us have a govcrn-
ujcmi 01 tiie people, not a hank and Stale
nmcnt, like the government of England,
en mnrll fl( miied tJV WlllJE-S. JUt It IS
amusing to observe the sympathy with
which the learned whig orator is suddenly
seized yes! the sympathy of G. E. Bad-
gor, Esq. ! for the poor man, and to hear
rhrt Siid strains in which he sings the woes
and distresses of the poor man's wife and
children, if they should lose "the refresh
ment ol a cup of coilee" ! or forego the en
iovment of those luxuries which use has
made necessaries. Say, oh! most learned
Martinus Scriblerius, if thy profound in
vention hath ever exhibited a more beauti
ful illus'raf ion of thy favorite bathos! How
will it joy the heart of the sympathetic or
ator, to learn, that not one cup of coffee the
less has gone down the throats of the poor
man, his wife and little ones, for all the
measures of this weary administration.
'ease then! oh, cease most learned and
sensible orator, those melting strains!
Compose the tender exhibition of your di
vine sympathy. Dry those amiable tears
which flow so readily at your imaginary
picture of the poor man's sorrows. Want
is not known to the honest yeomanry of
this happy land. A healthy plenty still
smiles on the board of those hardy sons of
toil, who force their happy sustenance
from their mother earth.
'Office holders" is also a favorite theme
of the learned orator, on which he dilates
with more than ordinary complacency.
So long as we have a government, so long
must we have public officers or servants,
to discharge its duties. The obstreperous
lamor of the whigs is really pitiable.
1'hey enjoy now, only a large majority of
the most profitable offices, but their bitter
pangs arise, from not holding all of them;
and from the impossibility, which they
profoundly feel, ol possessing the power to
drive every democrat from office. Are
they not to be pi lied ?
The limits of this address will not admit
of a full reply to his reckless assertions, on
the subjict of the public lands. It is pain
ful to observe the doublings, the windings,
and deceptions which he attempts to p.dm
upon the public attention. The public do
main is, indeed, a trust, in the hands of
the government for the common benefit of
:dl the States. But a discerning public will
scout his atl captandum appeal to their pre
judices and to the cupidity of the States.
A thinking people will never consent, that
the whig faction, shall enter upon a profli
gate waste of this solid fund, set apart for
the future emergencies of the Union. The
learned orator and his party have seized
upon the "public land" as a bone of con
tention, and aggravate it to the fullest ex
tent. With the cunning and fraud of the
serpent, they stimulate the States to plun
der the government (which is the people)
of this sacred fund, to pay for the mad and
visionary schemes, which the States have
projected, and for which they have created
a foreign debt of 200 millions of dollars;
and if not checked, in time may amount to
1000 millions. To pay this foreign debt
the whig party, would scramble for, plun
der and distribute the whole public do
main. The object of Mr. Clay's bill, to
distribute the proceeds of the public lands,
was to embarrass the government, by di
minishing the revenue, to revive the tariff,
and produce necessity for his darling pana
cea a National Bank. The orator's slander
on the motives of Mr. Van Buren, is as ri
diculous and foolish, as it is disingenuous
and unfounded. Mr. Van Uuren in his
message of lt3S says, (substantially, for I
quote from memory,) "the time may
come, when the public interest may re
quire, that the remaining lands within the
limits of certain Slates should be ceded to
those States for a valuable consideration."
Perhaps the learned orator has confounded
Mr. Calhoun's bill 'to cede the nublie
lands'' &c. with Mr. Van Buren's mes
sage; for he says, "ilr. Fan Uuren still
insists on making the bargain." This
inguage is stupid enough for any uninfor
med man. but how sunremelv ri.HnnUnf
What, Mr. Van Buren make a bargain to
cede the public domain? Does he estimate
the intellect ol the people of North Caroli
na so low, as to think he can make them
believe this absurdity? Are the people so
its superiority over the laws
merit ol the Union an
'Pi - . ' r in m
nc urcs 1 en r r 41
1 '""l Llll V... '
Bank is "par excellence" an nli . Hi
arch, a money king, in wl,0sc h
speedily concentrated, the 500 miir ai"
the exchanges of this great commer ?So!
agricultural community, which enahl
to wage eternal war with the constit lri)
the government and the people at hUN
while it moves, the puppet, the tru
slave and instrument, of a far .rroai ?
eign power, the Bank of Engl
thus isconsummated substantially "
than colonial vassalage of this great
trr, to its ancient mistress wi,;
whole military and naval force of th u
ish empire could not effect. pat i "
uiiiuij an me iiwouin ui a iNaliom!
ests, yet immeasurably more to hp f tr"
. 1 ,1 : . 1 r . . . ,C3M
to our Iree institutions and domestic
ignorant as not to know, that Congress
uponc has the power to cede the public
Congress alone then, must bear the
responsibility of passing such an act. But
why all this abuse of Mr. Van Bu
Why, says the orator, "we must with-
dnno from Mr. Van Buren the sumu.r
of the State, and bestow it elsewhere."
Aha! Are you there, most learned and sa
pient orator? So, fellow citizens, it is out
at last, and all this rhodomontade about
the condition ot the country, all this de
nunciation of the measures of this "eleven
years administration is at last onlv a nrp-
iude, to his kind olfer, of Wm. H. Hard-
son to vou as nesn nnt nf un n.,:..i
It is notorious, fellow citizens, that Fed
eralism is the great leader, llu generalissi
mo, 111 this infamous crusade, against liber
ty and popular rights, the constitution and
ihe people. The next in command is, the
momed power, viz: the banks affiliated
with the Bank U.S., & associated wealth in
every form. This is indeed the most for
midably ally of federalism, and federalism
s the constant advocate of a National
Bank. It is a truth as incontestible as m
iy writ, that liberty and a National
.,7, .0v.,.w w tus
iiepuuuc, I lie creature of a usumntinn
Ijy Congress, it seizes the first moment that
!;s conscious ot secure existence, to pro
claim its independence, its omnipotence,
nrwl lnnrrr:itpil is hrp f -J . I i
union or intimate connection of a Cn f'
administration, with a National Hmi11'''
ir .1... ... . . "K fit.
sen m uisu umuiu oi an immense for
banking power,) in any political entf.r
irirct mm l-iu;a nml in.lmn..l '
icn. wvii any, iiinujJCIIlienCe, YQ, I,
leave us to sing a requiem over our Jen
cd liberties and rights, never to berecov
ed but by a bloody and hopeless resists
against resources, powerful enough toSur
sidize a world in arms. Another
al Bank would dilfer from the last inn
thing but the increased magnitude of ;
capital. As a monied power it would i)r
trate at its feet, the agricultural and coin,
mercial capital and property of the conn!
try; as a political power, our laws, our Ir
stitutions, our iree'Jom ot elections. He
the language of English newspapers
this vital subject:
"From its nature (i. c. of a Nations!
Bank) the influence of such a bank must be
allied to the aristocracy of wealth, and not.
to the democracy of numbers; andthisi,
more especially the case with great charter
ed banks having immense power. Tile
late Bank of the United States was one oi
this description, and its political inh
encc ivas prodigious." (See the London
bankers' circular, Jan. 27th, 1S37.)
Such is truly the character of a National
Bank which the able administration of Mr.
Van Buren, has succeeded in demonsira
ting to be "unnecessary to the successful
management of our fiscal affairs."
But there is another ally of federalism
high in command in this crusade still mors
hateful, if not more formidable to souths
men. It is Abolitionism. The obiem
of this branch of the great whig party, an
1st. lo emancipate yonr slaves withoa;
remuneration to their owners, leaving the
consequences to God.
2nd. Io annihilate the lust political in-
fluence of the South in the government oi
this vast Republic.
And yet, fellow citizens, with a full
knowledge of these objects, southern whip
are lound, shoulder to shoulder in the
same ranks with abolitionists, and co-laborers
in the magnificent scheme, of Ik
great whig parly, "to put down Nr.
Fan Uuren." Why?
1st. Because Mr. Van Buren is pledged, lo
a strict construction ol the constitution
and stands opposed to the exercise of
2nd. Because Mr. Van Buren is nhiWl
to veto any bill which Congress may
pass, to charter a National Bank.
3rd. Because Mr. Van Buren is pledged.
lo veto any bill which Congress mat
pass to abolish slavery in tiie District ot
Columbia, or in any of the States or ter
ritories. I leave to the various high contracts
parties, in this great whig combi nation, lo
settle the respective interests they may
claim in the reasons and motives here
signed for their co-operation in the graim
.scheme "to put down Mr. Van Buren,
and shall proceed to enquire, thereasonso;
1111s great whig party for putting up, or
supporting Win. H. Harrison as President
of the U. S.? These reasons, fellow citt
1st. Because W. II . Harrison is a latitudi
narian in the construction of the constitution.
2nd. Because W. H. Harrison is pledge:
not to veto any bill which Congress maj
pass to charter a National Hank.
3rd. Because VV. H. Hnn-;nn i nicely
not to veto any bill which Congress ma
pass, to abolish slavery in the 0. States.
The plain meaning of all which is,
being a latitudinarian in the construction
the constitution, he, W. II. Harrison;
pledged to approve and sign any bill unit
Congress may pass, to charter a Nation
isank, and abolish slavery in the U. ?;
"that the sun may no longer look hn:
ulJU1' aiave in iNorui America. 1
proof of all this is to be found in hissptf?
at Cleveland, in which to sain theM'
lion party, he pledges himself not to&
any bill which Congress may pass!
spurning and throwing away, that con'
valive power with which the constitute-1
arms a President of the U. S. on the
cise of which may sometimes depend?
very liberties of the people and the safe-,
of the Republic.
But we arc not quite prepared vef,
an examination of pretensions'11!
general or generutissimo of the wh aT
abolitionists. 1 invoke your patience
low citizens, for a few words mere, on
learned orator's contrast o the tondlli1
of the country "eleven years a.o'" 8' f
present lime; for which T,rpoe,,l,l','
tails on banks and tir effects will
ccssary. . - ' 'juMQU