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Whole No. 75.
Tarbnrongh, (Edgecombe County, AT. C ) Saturday, August 15, 1840
Vol. XVI JVb 33.
i-j. -r jp ''5SssJssEssa OSS' ljf vj
Tic Tarborouzh Press,
BY GKOTttTE HOW.VKD,
Is published weekly at 7V Dollars and 'Fifty
' fWM per year, if pall in a Ivanee or, 7tree
Dollars at the expiration of the subscription year,
l-'or anj period less than a year, Tmcntif-fire.
? . per month. Subscribers are at liberty tf
discontinue at any time, on giving notice thereof
md paying arrears those resiling at a distance
I tuust invariably pay in advanee,'or give a respon
! sible reference in this vicinity.
i Advertisements not, exceeding a square will be
Inserted at O.ie Dollar the first insertion, arid 2'y
cents for every continuance. Longer advertise
ments in like proportion. Court Orders and Ju
dicial advertisements 25 por cent, higher. Ad
vertisements must be marked the number of in
; gertions required, or they will lie continued until
otherwise ordered and charged accordingly.
Letters addressed to the. IMitor must be post
paid or they may notbe attended to.
Doctor win. kvax'
SOOTHING 8 11 UP
lor chit die ii Teething,
PREPARED BY HIMSELF.
To Mothers and Yurscs.
; rTMlE passage of the Teeth through tin
I gums produces troublesome a ml d.in
i cerotis symptoms. It is kno.vu by modi
I ers llial there is great irritation in the
; mouth and gums during this process. The
- gums swell, the secretion of saliva is in
creased, the child is seized with frequent
and sudden fi:s of crying, watching, Uri
ing in the sleep, and sp.isms of peculiai
I parts, the child shrieks with extreme vio
lence, and thrusts its lingers into its mouth.
I If these precursory symptoms are not spee
dily alleviated, spasmodic convulsions uni
versally supervene, and soon cause the
dissolution of the infant. If mothers who
: have their little babes a (II it led ith these
I distressing symptoms, would apply )r.
' William Evans's Celebrated Soothing
s Syrup, which has preserved hundreds of
I infants when thought past recovery, from
heme: suddenly attacked with that fatal
i This infallible remedy lias preserved
! hundreds of Children, when thought past
recovery, from convulsions. As soon as
I the Syrup is rubbed on the gums, the child
will recover. This preparation is so in
I nocent, so efficacious, and so pleasant, that
no child will refuse to let its gums be
t rubbed with it. When infants are at the
age of four months, though there is no ap-
pearance of teeth, one bottle of the
Syrup should be used on the gums, to
1 open the pores. Parents should never be
f without the Syrup in the nursery where
there are young children; for if a - child
Wakes In the night with pain in the i:um,
the Syrup immediaiely gives ease by opeu-
ing the pores and healing the gums; lliere-
by preventing Convulsions, Fevers.
To the Agent of Dr. ICvans' Soothing
Syrup : Dear Sir The great benefit
J afforded to my suffering infant by your
Soothing Svrup, in a case of protracted
and painful dentition, must convince every
feeling parent how essential an eaily ap
; plication of such an invaluable medicine
is to relieve infant misery and torturei .M,
infant, while teething, experienced such
( acute sufferings, that it was attacked iiil.
convulsions, and my wife and family sup
posed that death would soon release the
babe from anguish till we procured a bot
tle of your Syrup; which as soon as ap
plied to the gums a wonderful change was
produced, and after a few applications the
; child displayed obvious relief, and by con
i tinuing in its use. I am glad to inform
yon, the child has completely recovered,
and no recurrence of that awful complaint
; lias since occurred; the teeth are emaua-
, ting daily anil the child enjoys perfect
health. I giveynu my cheerful permission
f to make this acknowledgment public, am!
will gladly give any information on this
When children begin to be in pain with
i their teeth, shooting in their gums, put a
1 j little of the Syrup in a lea-spoon, and
:ith the finger let the child's gums be
grubbed for two or three minutes, three
,iiriaS a day. It must not be put to the
, breast immediately, for the milk would
t ke the syrup off too soon. When the
AmU are just coming through their gums,
mothers should immediately apply ihe sy
rup; it will prevent the children having a
' fever, and undergoing iltat painful opera
tion of hncing the gums, which always
makes the tooth much harder to come
trough, and sometimes causes death.
j Bcivarc ol' Coiisitci'lcit.
I jCantion He particular in purcha
se; to obtain it at 100 Chatham st..
ev York, or from the
! J- M- Redmond, ) ,
Geo. Howard, I arboro .
; MaRussel, Elizabeth City.
January, 1810. J
15 V AUTHORITY.!
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
PASSIJI) AT TIIH FIRST SESSION" Of THE
T WKN IT SIX TI COXGHESS.
Ptrnun No. 19. J
AN ACT to amend an act approved the
oijj'deenth of .Jntunry, eighteen hun
dred and thirty nine, entitled "An act to
ani Mid :m net entitled 'An act to require
tbo .In Igo of the district of Eat and
Vrcst Tcnnosor; to hold a court at Jack
son in said State," approved June the
cigh'c-nth, r-iluVen hundred and thirty -ciht,"
and for other purposes.
iV enucled by the Startle and House
of Representatives of the United States
of ltn?rica in Congress , assembled,
Tint from and after the first Monday in
April., eighteen hundred and forty, there
shall bcMw'o terms of saitl court held an-
nuniy oy tlie district .lodge at .lacKson, on
the second Mondiy in Decernber next, and
the second Monday in .lime then following;
and thr rule days of said court for th o re
turn of process and filing the pleadings
-hall he held on the second Monday ol Sep
tember and March, in each and ever)
Sec. 2. .ln d he it farther enaefed,
That the s?venth section of tiie act which
this is inicn ltd to amend, be and the same
is hereby, repe-ded.
Sec. 3. lnd he. it farther enacted,
That an addition d term of the circuit
court of the United States shall be holden in
Knoxvillc, in E ist Tencssece, on the third
Monday in April in each and every year,
which said term shall be held by the district
judge; and should any difficult point of law
arise, at said April term, in any cause or
matter of controversy in said court, the said
district judge may, at his discretion, adjourn
the same over to the next term.
R. M. T. HUNTER,
Speaker of the House of Heprcsentatives.
WW. M. JOHNSON,
Vice President of the United States,
and President of the Senate.
Approved, July 4'h, 18-10.
M. VAN UUREN.
Purlic No. 20.
AN ACT in addition to the nets rcs
pecting the judicial system of the Uni
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of vliiicricn in Congress assembled.
That whenever it shall so happen that neith
er of the judges .fa circuit court of the Uni
ted Slates sh.dl attend at the commencement
of a session of the said court, or at the time
j appointed on any adjournment tl.ereol, to
jopen and a ijourn the said court in person,
j either of tiie said jmiges may, by a written
I order to the maishal, adjourn the ccurt
j from time to lime, as the c.ise may r quire,
j to any time or limes antecedent to the next
totaled term of tiie said court; and all suits,
actions, writs, processes, recognizances, and
other proceeding pending in such court, or
returnable to, or to he acted upon at such
court, small have d iy and he returnable to,
and be heard, hied, and determined, at
such adjournment or adjournments in the
same manner and wiih lhesime efiect as if
the said court had b en duly opened &held
at the commencement of such session, or
other day appointed therefor; and nil per
sons bound and required to appear at tne
said court either as jurymen, witnesses, par
lies, or otherwise, aha!l be bound and re
quired to attend at such adjournments ac
cordingly. Si.c 2. Jlnd be it farther enacted.
That the presiding judge of any circuitcourt
may, at his discretion, appoint special ses
sions thereof,to he held at the places where
the slated sessions thereof are holden; at
which special sessions it shall be competent
'or the said Court to entertain jurisdiction
r ...... i. .. J .
io near and decide all cases in equiiy,
eases in error, or on appeal, issues of law,
motions in arrest of judgment, motions for
a new trial, and all other motions, and
to award executions and other final pro
cess, and to do and transact all other busi
ness, and direct ad other proceedings, in all
causes ponding in the circuit court, except
trying any cause by a jury, in the same
way and with the same force and effect as
tiie same could or might be done at the
stated session of such court.
Sec. 3. Jlnd be it further enacted,
I hat writs ol error shall lie to the Supreme
Court from all judgments of a c'ueuit court,
in cases brought there by writs of error
from the district court, in like mannprn.J
under the same regulations, limitatmne
& restrictions, as are now provided by lavv
,U1 """au enor to judgments rendered
upon suits originally brought irt the circuit i
I Will I. I
Sec 4. Jlnd be it farther enacted.
That judgments and decrees hereafter ren
dered in the circuit and districts courts of
the United. States, within any State, shall
cease to be liens on real estate or chattels
ie d in the same manner and at like periods
as judgments and decrees of the courts of
such State notv cease by law to be liens
thereon; &the respective clerks of the Uni
ted St 'tes "courts in such State shall receive
the: like fees for making searches and cer
tificates respecting such liens as are now al
lowed for like services to the clerks of the
supreme court of such State; and the eighth,
ninth,, and tenth sections of the act entitled
;'An act to amend the act of the third of
March one thousand eight hundred an !
thirty seven, entitled 'an act supplementa
ry to an act to amend the judicial system
of the United States, & for other purposes,' J
p issed March third, one thousand eight j
Hundred and thirty-nine, are nereuy re
pealed. Approved, July 4th, 1810.
Public No. 21.
AN ACT to remove the land ofiice from
Choechuma to Grenada, in the State of
He it enacted by the. Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of Jimerica in Congress assembled,
That the land ofiice at Choechuma, in the
county of Tallahatchie, State of Mississip
pi, shall be removed to and located in the
town of Grenada, in Valabusha county, in
aid State; and it shall be the duty of the
registers and the receivers of public money
for said land office, within sixty days from
and after the passage of this act to remove
the hooks, records, and whatever else be
longs to said ofiice, to the place of location,
as herein provided for.
Appuoved, July 4th, 1S40.
Pkivate No. 23.
AN ACT to continue the corporate exist
ence of the banks in the District of Co
lumbia, for certain purposes.
lie it enacted by the Senate and House
of Represen tatives of the United Slates
of Jlmerica in Congress assembled,
That the provisions, restrictions and enact
ments of the act of Congress of the 25th
May 1S38 entitled "an act to extend the
charter of the Union Bank of (Georgetown
in the district of Columbia," be and the
same are hereby extended to the Farmers
and Mechanics Bank of Georgetown the
Bank ol' the Metropolis, the Bank of
Washington, the Patriotic Bank of Wash
ton, the Bank of the Potomac, and the Far
mers Bank of Alexandria; Provided, that
u henevcr in the original act the 1st of Ju
ly 1838 occurs it shall be so construed as
to meanlhedth of July lS40;and whenev
er the Istof July 1S12 occursit shall be con
strued to mean the 4th of July 1S44.
R. M. T. HUNT Eft
Speaker of th? House of Representatives,
WILLIAM R. KING,
President of the Senate pro tempore.
Approved, July 3d, IS 40.
M. VAN BUREN.
LETTER FROM COL. JOHNSON.
The following is the reply of the Vice
President, to the committee appointed by
the Democratic State Convention, inform
ing him of his nomination for re-election;
Washington, 17 th July, IS 40.
Henry Fitts, arid James B. Shepard, Esq:?
Gentlemen: Your communication of the
10th inst. is received advising me of my
nomination, by the Democratic Republi
can Convention of North Carolina, as their
candidate for election to the V . i'residen
f thn United States.
This renewed proof ot confidence trom
T -1 ! "I'll
the patriotic State ot io.uaroiina,is nignty
nrfdifvinnri mnm so on account of the an-
r""-,,J . .i
probation it indicates of my past services,
than of the future result which it proposes.
The richest boon which a republican states
man can receive at the hand of his fellow
citizens, is their approval of his conduct;
and the highest honor to which my ambi
tion ever aspired, was that of so discharg
ing my duty in any situation they should
place me, as to merit that approval. There
are circumstances under which it is neces
sary to concentrate the strength of the le
publicans of the whole Union upon an indi
vidual, by a national convention; lest, by a
division of their votes upon different can
didates, they lose the whole; but in cases
which will admit of it with safety, I would
for. when lam personally interes
ted, to leave the selection of a candidate to
each State. An individual may be the fa
vorite of our State, and not of another; and
when the candidate is selected oy a con
vpntinn frnm all the States, those who do
not prefer him, are under the necessity of
givingbim their vote, or of losing all their
intluence in the election, dui wnen inu se
lection i - left with each State, the cnndidatef
1 l- . L . . I I .
Kimws. u-.ixi ue is me voluntary choice o
all the States who give them their suffrage.
Such is now my felicity. The principle
on which I commenced my public career,
taught nie never to desiie an ofiica which
did not proceed from th spontaneous wish
of its constituency. To hold office Undei
any other" tenure, is mortifying to the mind
of a republic in: and a mortification to
which I could never submit. The offices
of a republic, are for the people, not for the
incumbents: and the Vo"ce of the peopli
alone can leg tima'e their functions. No
title can be liigher, than that of an Ameri
can citizen. It is our peerage. We re
ceive it as our binhiight. In monarchia'
governments, but few arc born peers, and
those few are inferior to their prince; but
here, the philanthropic pe-r rejoices to see
all his fellow-citizens born to the same hon
or. and all unitedly constitute the prince of
the empire. Offices among them are but
agencies, subject to their control; and eacl
public agent is but the echo of the people
by whom he is constituted their agent
His honor c m-usts in faithfully echoing
their sentiments; and their approbation is'
Such being my views, I never sough
the situation which 1 now occupy; and
when constitutionally called to it, it did
not become me to decline the call. I
know there arc many others quite as wor
thy of it as myself; and I am not surprized
dial others, in various par's of our country
should be preferred to me. It is natural:
and to the expression of such preference, 1
lake no exception. Underthese cireumstan
ces, I am placed where I wish lobe; at involuntary-disposal
of the individual States.
In my selection as the candidate of the
democratic republicans of North Carolina.
I am felicitated with the assurance which
they confer upon me in that choice, they
have my sincere thanks.
The great diversity of interests in our
extensive republic, is calculated to prevent
the general popularity of any one citizen.
Measures which are approved in one sec
tioiij are often disapproved in another; and
the degree of confidence which I have re
tained in the public mind, after thirty
three years of uninterrupted service in
the councils of our nation, must be attribu
ted to the liberality of my fellow citizens
in looking with an indulgent eye upon the
honest endeavors of a public servant to
promole his country's welfare, rafher than
the ability with which he has exerted his
Dcs'itute of every grateful sensition
should I be, not to feel gratified in a high
degree, with this token of approbation
from the enlightened and republican State
of North Carolina. From its earliest set
tlement, her citizens have been distinguish
ed for their nobleness of character; their
attachment to self-government: their forti
tude in adversity, and their bravery in
danger. Under the misrule of her royal
governors, they nobly resisted oppres
sion; and in the wars of the native savages,
they were a band of heroes. When the
British parliament assumed the right of
taxing the colonies, North Larohna stood
in the van of opposition; and was the first
to bieak the yoke of oppression by an open
declaration of indenendence. During the
I rcvohitinnarv war. every North Carolina
palriot was a volunteer in freedom's cause.
I They sought the field of danger; whether
in their 6wn or in the neighboiing Stales;
wherever the standard of the enemy wav
ed, iis base was a target for Noith Carolina
volunteers. A braver a more generous,
or a more devoted people to the cause of
liberty, never lived. Her present sons
have not disgraced their fathers. Hospi
tality and generosity are their Common
characteristics. True to their friends
formidable to their enemies unshaken to
their republican principles, North Carolina
exhibits a population whose confidence
confers the highest honors. It is the land
of Macon, with whom, and his associates,
it was my good fortune to enjoy a long ac
quaintance and uninterrupted friendship
Nor has the departure of that patriarch of
liberty left his Slate destitute ot worthy
successors. Her present Senators, and
some of her Representatives with whom I
am acquainted, would do honor to any
State, as their State would do honor to any
A life of experience has tended nut to
confirm my early sentiment, that the pres
ervation of our liberties depends mainly
on the independence of the State sove
reignties. Different interests, growing
out of different localities, dictate various
policies for the several States; and each is
most competent to regulate its own con
cerns. The powers of the general gov
ernment are derived from the States; and
none are delegated w hich are not expressed.
The general government then should care
fully avoid exercising a power which is not
exnresslv delegated in the constitution;
and every State and every citizen should
watch diligently against any sucn encroach
ment. When the proposition was nrst
brought into Congress in 1790, tor the in
corporation of a Unjted Mates Bftnk, it was
warmly contested on the gfound, that th
power was not delegated. Mr. Madison,
i hen a Representative from Virginia took
i he lead in this argument. He was how
ever overruled, and the Be: k wis incorpO
rat 'd. On the expiration of that charter
in 1S10, 1 was a member of Congress, and
voted against its renewal. In lSlG.anoth
er United States Bank received existence,
but in opposition to my vote. When the
question again dame up for its renewal,
voted against it. In all these votes, my
own sentiment accorded with that of my
condiments. But aside from constitution
al scruples, the expedience of the measure
would be sufficient to govern my vote.
Our Union is founded in interest and sfTec
tion, and every thing which produces great
dissatisfaction, is calculated to weaken iti
bond. The Bank has ahva) s been an exci
ting subject. It is never touched, but it
stirs up the bitterest passions of our na
'ure. It is a subject which has caused
more animosities, more breaking of friend
ship, and done more to alienate affec
tions from the government, than any
other, unless we except that of abolition
v e have twice made the experiment of A
national bank, & in both instances, half the
nation has been dissatisfied, waiting im pa
tently for the moment when they might
carry on a warfare against it and botli
times they have prevailed. Twice wa
have tried the State banks for depositories
of the national treasure, and both times
many of them have stopped specie pay
ments with much of the public money irt
their hands or loaned out to their custom
ers. It was surely time to try some new
experiment. My own Opinion is, that thd
nation is competent to take Care of its own
monies; and it gave mc pleasure to bo
able to set my official signature to the
sub-treasury bill, before leaving the chaif
of the Senate. The whole banking busi
ness of the country is now placed where it
ght forever to remain under the control
Xihe States. To them and not to lha
General Government, it properly be
longs. In this matter, each State will pur
sue its own policy; whether to correct thd
evils which exist by new restrictions, ot
to change the whole system. This is A
matter in which the General Government
ought not to intermeddle; and I cordially"
reciprocate your Congratulations on thil
auspicious event. ,
There now remains but grie subject
which threatens the safety ofgioW Union
It is that of fanaticism on the stlbjectof Ab
olition. Each State has reserved td itself
the power of pursuing its own policy irt
this matter. The principle was settled
when the Constitution was framed; & there
is no State in the Union which has shown at
disposition to violate the compromise. But
our fellow-citizens of the Northern Stated
are troubled with a strong party among
them, who are not content with the right of
pursuing their own policy. They would
also dictate the policy of other sec
tioiis, and keep the nation In atate of per
petual a citation, by bringing the subject be
fore Congress. There is stillj however
sufficient virtue in the Government to coun
teract the mischief which it threatens, and
we will cherish the hope that it Will foreyi
cr be averted.
Permit me here td Congratulate you Ort
the enjoyment of lhat freedom which Is
the birth right of all-yet, Wrested by the
hand of despotism from all but Ameri
cans. While in all other regions, the
arm of oppression is felt while the mas$
of tlie population is enslaved in body
and degraded in mind, we are distin
guished by the blessings of universal equa
lity. We have no laws, but of dUf owrl
formation. All entailments being abolish
ed, there is a continual revolution of prop
erty. The children of the wealthy be
come poor and the children of the poof
rich. Under such circumstances, an aris
tocracy of wealth Could not exist. Out4
institutions admit of no distinction df birth
nor acquired privileges. Washingidn, in.
his retirement, enjoyed not one right, ot
privilege, which was not enjoyed by the
humblest laborer in thecountry; yet heert
joyed all that he desired, and all that any
one could enjoy. The humblest dotlage 6t
the most splendid palace, are alike enliven
ed with the smile of liberty, and the joy
ofcontent. The minds of all classes are
illuminated with knowledge, and emanci
pated from the fetters of superstition. That
weak credulity which once destroyed the
safety of soicfy, when some were legally
murdered for witch craft, others whipped
and hung for religious heresies, has fled
before the light of re: son and of truth.
Sucharethe blessingsof ourfreelnsfitutions.
Purchased with the blood of our fathers,
they came to us as the richest of legacies.
Whether we calculate the price which they
cost, or the benefits which they transfuse;
we cannot over-value them; and our love
for posterity will stimulate us in our vigi
lance to transmit them Unimpaired.
Please accept my grateful acknowledg
ment, for your kindness in fulfilling the
wishes of the Convention.
RH. M. JOHNSON.