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From the Raleigh Standard.
We publish the correspondence between
Ihe Hon B. Brown and (Jen U. M. Satn
fiEtts, which first appeared in the Raleigh
Register. We have not supposed the mat
ter of much importance to the public; bui
as several presses have taken occasion to
assail one or the other of the panic, it is
hloper the gentlemen should speak for
themselves, and the people thus have an
opportunity of judging in the case.
Washington, January ISth. 1843.
Mr. Gales: Having in an Editorial of
your pap r of the 23d December, had ref
erence to the subjects embraced in the
subjoined Correspondence, I have to re
quest the favor of its publication in the
Register. As Mr. Brown says the "con
versation between Mr. Van Burerl and
himself occurred about the time of the ter
mlriatirjn of the French Commission, in
which Mr. V. B: used the offensive re
mark in regard to' trie; I deem it due to
myself to publish His letter to Gov. Spaight,
dated a few days after the Commission clo
sed, having reference to the very "appoint
ment," which according to Mr. Brown's
statement, led to the remark. I could also
give a copy of Mr. Van Buren's letter to
myself, expressing in still stronger terms
his friendly feelings, but that ihe letter is
of a character so exclusively personal, as
to render it indelicate in me to make it
R M. SAUNDERS.
Washington, December 28. 1842.
Sir: You will recollect on the day before
my leaving Raleigh, I met ydu in the Ro
tunda, when I remarked, I had heard some
of your friends had said, ihey would vote
for Mr. Graham in preference to me that
1 informed you whatever your friends
might do, no friend of mine, as" far as I
knew or believed would, tinder any con
tingency, vote for a Whig as Senator and
towards you personally I had rio Unkind
feelings; that you replied by spying you
reciprocated my feelings of kiridm-Ss, ami
if any of ydur friends had expressed them
selves as 1 had heard, it w;iS wrong a"nd
should not he done as far as you could pre
vent it." YoU may imagine my surprise,
after thi, on reading the las! Raleigh Reg
ister. And as the matter has" thus been
inade public, 1 desire to know if you used
the expressions "that you had rather see
an ultra f ederalist, elected than raunuers,
or "that you would vote for a Federalist
i sooner than tor me." Also, whether you
tisedthe expression "that you had long
; known1 me to be politically dishonest";
j Jlnd whether you said., what you are re-
ported as having said "that Mr. V.tn
j Buren Had told you, He had long known
toe, and that I thought no man in North
j Carolina but myself capable' of tilling art
I have to' recjuest an e'ifly reply to the
"d foregoing. My friend, Mr. Russell, will
nand bu this.
I 1 have the honor to be, &c.
! ft. M. SAUNDERS.
Hon. Bedford Brown. Raleigh.
i Raleigh, N. C.,Jdniiary 1, 1843.
' . Sir: Your letterof the 20th ult. was du
ly received b'y Mr. Russell, and iri conse
j tjuence of the absence of my friend; Mr.
Prag from Tdvvii, nntif evening before
last, a dela of a day or two has occurred,
in writing vou an answer.
regard to the conversation tn the Ro-
Mnda, which you refer to as" having taken
place between us, on the subject of the
Senatorial election, it is Substantially correct
as stated by you, tho' my recollection of it is
different from yotirS, as to the time, as 1
think iloccured some days before you left
Raleigh. After the expressions used by
you on that occasion, disclaiming any tin
kindness, personally, towards me, and al
So disclaiming o'n the part of. your friend
any intention to vote for a Whig, jn arn
c intingenny, my feelings prompted me to
reciprocate the same sentiments.
While I state this, frankness requires
that I should also say, that subsequent to
tint conversation, I learned that your
course had in some respects; not beeri char
acterize I by kindness towards trie. In ad
dition this, an article was published in
the Richmond Enquirer, Without giving
the date or place from which it was written
containing many misstatements ;is to my
.-elf. respecting the Senatorial election, and
doing hi great injustice. Without attrib
uting this communication to any one in
particular, it nevertheless had the appear
ance of having been written by some one
in your counsels and confidence.
After these occurrences, and the decla
ration by some of your friends, that undei
no circumstances would they vote for me.
tog. ther with the clear indications given,
tlitt the Whig party were relied upon to
effect your election, it cannot bo a just
c .use of surprise that my sentiments should
have been chinged, in regard to the su.,-
J cts referred to in our conversations
Vou ask me to inform you, Whether I
used the expression attributed to imi in an
article in a late Raleigh Register Hh t I
h d rather see an ultra Federalist elected
than yourself," or '-that 1 would vote for a
Federalist sooner than you." While 1 de
oy t ne right of any one to call in queiou
my privilege of expressing preferences in
elections for important stations, 1 .-hall not
hesitate to answer fr..nkly your intenoga
ory. I did, in conversation, use subtin
tially the expression attributed to mr. un
der a change of views for the reasons above
mentioned, and because I believed that an
election of Senator from the Democratic
ranks by the Whigs, would prove more in
jurious to the Democratic party, than the
election ol one from the ranks of our poli
You ask also, if I had used the expres
sion "that 1 had long known you to be
politically dishonest." In answer, I will
state, that in conversation I used those or
words of similar import. It is due, how
ever to a proper understanding df my
meariing, that I shduld saf; that 1 Used
therri iri the sense in wliicH they are ordi
narily used towards public men who are
supposed4, on sririie occasions, td permit in
dividual views to influence them to too
great an extent, in their endeavors to attain
You further request to be informed,
whether 1 had said '-that Mi'. Van Buren
had told me, he had long known you, and
that you thought no man in North Caroli
na, but yourself, was capable of filling an
office.' The above remark was, in con
versation with Mr. Van Buren before he
was elevated to the Presidency, and about!
the time your appointment as Commission
er under the French Treaty was to termi
nate, and when your name was preserved
or was spoken of as intended to be presen
ted to Gen. Jackson for another appoint
ment, I understood Him to Use iri subs'dnce,
the above remark.
1 have authorized my friend, Mr. Bragg,
t) transmit to you this letter.
Very respectfully, he.
Hon. R. M. Saunders.
Washington, January 4, lst3.
Sir: Your letter of the 1st inst. in an
swer to mine of the 20 h December, Under
cover of a note from Mr. iJragg, bus been
To my first enquiry, whether ydu lirfd
Said ydu was willing to vote for an ultra
Federalist" in preference to me, you an
swer in the affirmative. You also admit
the conversation as stated by me to have
passed between us before I left Wdeigh.
But you say yodr Sentiments were chan
ged in conscqoence of my course ling
personally unkind,- ami ot other matters to
which you refer. To which I answer, I
neither said or did any thing pending ihe
contest, to which you had a1 right to trike
exception: And it might haVe been well
had you inquired as to the truth of the
fa ts, bi foie deciding updri a supposed case
of injustice. As to your opinion on the
effect of an election of a Democrat by Whig
votes, I take the liberty of saying, it is flu
more singular as coming from you,- as I
learn Dr. Shanklin voted for you in cau
cus for Mr. Graham in the House,-and
finally for you again. And 1 further learn,
when a Whig Senator expressed to a friend
of yours his disposition to vote for you
there was no objection to your being elect
ed by a Whig vote.
You also admit the correctness of the ex
pressions as used by Mr. Van Buren, and
as repeated by you. 1 take it for granted,
the authority of Mr. Van Buren in regard
to me,' was invoked by you, iri order to in
fluence those to whom the remai ks were
repeated. The ofiice of Commissioner un
der the French Treaty, was conferred upoi
me by President Jackson," without any ap
plication or knowledge on my part, but as i
( KdfetdMb'c County, JV.fcJ baUirday, Wbvnnrij $K 1843
understood at the time irom my friend Lou
m MclJane, Uieri Secretary of State, ori his
recommendation,' together wMi that of Mr
Van Buren. When the. commission was
about to expire, one of the Commissioners
nd a personal friend o'f rqine, informed me
that Mr. Henderson, the Comptroller, was
about to resign, and he thought it a situa
tion that would suit me, and for which I
was well qualified. I at first declined hav
ing any thing to do with' it, but was indu
ced, afier my resignatien as Attorney Gen
ral, to allow him to enquire into it. Sev
eral letters, at my recjuestj were forwarded
to me, and dmongst the number one from
Mr Macon to the President, and one from
Gov. Spaight to Mr. Van Buren. Having
b-'en elected Judge, my riame" was not fur
tlu:r pressed. But on my return hdme, I
received from Mr. Van Buren an open let
ter to GoV. Spaight, in answer to his, cou
ched in the most friendly and flattering
terms towards me irt which he uses Ian
guag? very different from that which you
sty he used to you. Whilst In Wash in g
on, I was on all occasions treated by Mr
Van Buren, with marked respect. 1 have
felt it due to myself to make this statement,
ami not because 1 supposed ydu felt any
particular interest about it.
I come now to the drtly niatter in your
letter to which 1 had the right to lake ex
ceptions on personal grounds and that is.
the part in which you admit you used the
expression, "that (you) had long known
(me) to be politically dishonest." You add
an explanation of the "meaning" in which
you intended the use of these terms. And
as 1 understand by this explanation, you in
tend to disclaim the offensive sense of the
words politically dishonest aTld that
you did not intend thereby to impeach my
public of private integrity but that you
used the words excepted to, in the sense ot
ambition and not ot knavery. If in this.
I have understood you correctly, then am
I content, and shall consider the correspon
dence as closed.
I have the honor to be, &c.
R. M. SAUNDEftS.
Hon. B. Brown.
My DearSir: I would certainly have ac
knowledged the receipt of your &dur friend
Edwards' letter, had it not been my inten
tion to send you a verbal explanation, thro
Mr. Saunders. I entertain a high sense of
his public rind private merits',' have dtt two
Successive occasions, taken an active' part in
promoting his interests",' iirid would ivith
pleasure, nave done so again, but for the
circumstances in which the partiality of my
friends have placed me. When 1 accepted
the nomination of the Baltimore Conven
tion, I determined, in justice to the admi
nistration and myself, to put down, as fai
ns opposition calumny can be put down,
the imputation of a design, on its part, to
use the patronage of the Government, for
the promotion of my election, by abstain
ing from all interference in its dispensation.
This resolution, I have faithfully maintain
?d: I am moreover, quite sure, that if the
President had been in a situation to gratify
Gen. Saiinders friends, it would have re
quired no solicitation of mine; to have in
duced him td do so. Do me the favor to
show this to our friend Edwards, and be
Very truly, yours,
MARTIN Van buren.
Washington, Jan. 4, 1S35.
The following interesting proceedings
took place in the House of Representatives,
on Tuesday, the ?th inst. Mr G. VV.
Summkrs now rose, and addressed the
Speaker, who recognised the honorable
gentleman as in possession of the floor; and
all eyes were at once turned to him, and
the whole House was at once hushed into
silence. i ne saneries were ueuseiy uneu
with an anxious rind attentive auditory,
which had collected in anticipation df the"
interesting proceedings which were about
to be witnessed. Many Senators occupied
seats amongst the members in the House,
and some of the representatives of foreign
powers, accredited to this Government in
diplomatic relations, were ranged below
the bar: and all listened with profound still
ness while the honorable gentleman from
Virginia, spoke as follows:
Mr. Speaker: I rise for the purpose of
discharging an office, not connected with
the ordinary business of a legislative assem
bly. Yet, in asking permission to inter
rupt, for a moment the regular order of
parliamentary proceedings, I cannot doubt
that the proposition which I have to sub
mit will prove as" gratifying as it may be
Mr. Samuel T. Washington,' a citizen of
Kanawha county, in the Commonwealth of
Virginia, and one of my constituents has
honored me with the commission of pre
senting, in his name, and on his behalf, to
ihe Congress of the United States, and
ihrou"h that body, to the people of the U-
nited States, two most interesting and Val
Juable relics, connected With the past histo
ry of our country, and wi'h men whose
achievements, both In the .field and in the
cabinet, best illrisffate and adorn our an
nals. . .
One is the sword worn bv Greorge WasH
ington, first as a colonel in thedo'lonial ser
vice of Viriii!:t', iri Fe'rbes's campriign
against the French and Indians and after
wards, during thg whole period of the war
of Independence, as commander in-ch'ief of
the Amet lean army.
It is a plain cmleaii, or hanger, with a
green hilt arid silver guard. On the Upper
ward of the scabbard is engraven "J. Bai
ley, Fishkill." It ii accompanied by a
buckskin belt, which is secured b'y a sil
ver buckle ami clasp; whereon are engra
ven the lefcrs 0. VV.," arid the figures
"1"757. These are all of the plainest
workmanship, Hut siilistantlal,' and in keep
ing with the man and with the times to
which thev belonged.
Thy history of this sword is perfectly
authentic, and leaves no shadow of doubt as
to its identity.
Tlie hist will and testamerit of General
Washington, bearing date on the 9lh day
of February, 179. contains, among a'
great variety of bequests, the following
clause! "To each of my nephews, William
Augustine Washington, George .Lewis
George Siepioe Washington; Bush rod
Wdshingtd.i, and Samuel Washington, I
give one of the swords orcutleauX of which
I may die possessed and they are to
choose in the order they are named. Thec
swords arc accompanied, with an injunction,
not to Unshedth them fdr the purpose of
shedding blood, ex ept it be fdr self-defence,
or in defence of their country and
its i ighisj atid, in the latter Case:, td keep
them unsheathed, and prefer falling with
them in their hands, to the relinquishment
In the distribution of the swnfds, here
by devised, among the five nephews i He re
in enumerated, the one now presented fell
to the share of Samite? Washington, the
devisee last named in the clause of the will
which I Have just read.
This gentleman, who died a few years
since, in the county of Kanawha, and who
was the father df Samuel T. Washington,
the donor, 1 knew well. I have often seen
this Sword in his possession, and received
frorii himself the fdllowing accounl of the
manner in which it became his property;
in the division made among the devisees.
He said that he knew it to have befe'n
the Side-arms of General Washington du
ring the revolutionary war not that used
on occasions of parade and review, but the
constant service sword of the great chief;
that he had himself seen General Washing
tion wear this identical sworcl. (he presu
med for the last time,) when, in 1794, he
reviewed the Virginia and Maryland for
des, then concentrated at CumbCila'nd. .tin
der command of General Lee, and destined
to Co-operate with ihe Pennsylvania and
New Jersey troops, then assembled al Bed
ford, in suppressing what has beefl called
Mh Whi.sht' insui ivctwm .'
General Washington was at that timi
i President df the United States, and, a 3
'such, waj? Commander-in-chief of the afmy.
It is known that it was his intention to lead
the army in person on that occasion, had
he found it necessary; and he went to
Bedfdrd and Cumberland prepared for that
event. The condition of things did not
require it, and lie returned to his civil dU
ties at Philidelphia.
Mr. SamUel Washington held the com
mission of a captain at that time himself,
and served in that campaign, many of the
incidents of which he has related to me.
He Was anxious to obtain this particular
sword, and prelened it to all the others,
among which was the ornamented and
costly present from the gi eat Ficderick.
At the time of ihe division among the
nephews. Without intimating What hipre
ference was, he jocosely remarked; t hat,
inasmuch as he was the only one of them
who had participated in milttar service,
thet ought to permit him to take choice.
This suggestion was met In the same spirit
in which it was made; and the choice be
ing awarded him, he' chose this, the plain
est and intrinsically the least valuable of
any, simply becaUse it was' the battle
I arri rilso in possession of the mosi satis
factory evidence, furnished by Col. George
Washington, of Georgetown, the nearest
male relative of General Washington now
living,' as to the' identity of this sWord- His
information was derived from his father,
William Augustine Washington, the devi
see first named in the clauSe of thfe will
which I have read, from his uncle, the late
Judge Bushrod Washington, of the Su
preme CoUrtj and Major Lawrence Lewis,
the acting Executor of Gen. Washington's
will: all of whom concurred in the state
ment, that the tide service sitdrd was that
Selected by Capt. Samuel Washington. It
remained in this gentleman's possession
until his death, esteemed by him the mos
precious memento of his illustrious kins
man. It then became the property of hi
son, who, animated by that patriotism
which so characterized the "father of-his
Vol. XlXXo .
country, has consented that, sufch a felil
ought not to be appropriated b'y, a'n IndivU
dual citizen, and has instructed me, his te
pn sentative, to ofTer it to the nation, to be
preserved in its public depositoriesas ; thd
cdmmoti property of all; since its omce
been to aehitve and defend the com' mod
liberty of all . ,
He has. in like manner, requested me td
present ihU cane to tbrj Congress of the 0
nited States, deeming it not tin"vbflh'. the
public acceptance. . . .
This Was once the rjroperty pt the phi
losopher and patriot. Benjamin Franklin.
By a codicil to his last will and testsU
ment, we find it thus disposed of:
My fine crab tree walking stick, with d
gold head, ctiridu sly wrought In the form1 of
the cap of liberty j I give to triy friend, arid
the friend of mankind, General Washing
ton. If tt wfe a sceptre he has merited
it, and would. become it. , , . . , .
Gen. WaHington, in his will, devisefl
this cane as follows!
"Item. To my brother Charles Vyasfc
ington, I give ami bedueaththe gold-head
ed cane' left me by UK Franklin, in. his
will " .
Captain Sdmuel VVashingtoK was the on
ly sd'n of i harks Washington, the devisee,
from whom He derived, Hy inheritance,
this Interesting meiliorial; and having trans
mitted it to His son, Samuel T. . Washing
ton, the latt r tHiis seeks to bestow it
worthily, b'y associating it with the battle
sword, in a gift to his countrymen.
I cordially conciif with Ml. Washington
in the opinion tH it they each merit jjubho'
preservation! and 1 obey, with pleasure
Iris wishes in here presenting them, in his
name, to the nation. , .
Let the sword of the hero and jhe staff
of ihri philosopher go together. Let theni
have place among ine proudest trophies and
most honored memorials of our national
Upon th'at staff" dnce Iridndd the sage bt
whom it has been Said 'He snatched the
lightning from heaven, and the scepipe front
A mighty arm once wielded this sword
in a righteous cfcluse, eveh tltltd the dis':.
riiembermeht of erhpire. In trie nand of
Washington this Was "trie sword of i tHe
Lord and of tildeon. It was. never
drawn, except irt defence of the public lib
erty. It was never sheathed until a glo'
rious and triumfiharit sticcess returned it td
the scabbard, withotit a stain of cruelty or
dishonor ujjori iis blade. It iwas.. never
surrendered, except to that country whicb;
Loud and long-continued plaudits folr
loved the delivery cf this address
'1 he Sefgeant-atArms advanced to the
seat of the honorable gentleman, and recei-r
ved into his cutody the interesting relics:
Jlnimat Magnetism. We learn from
the ''Boston Daily Mail,' thatayoungwor
man was thrown Into the Mesmeric state
at the Ci' f If all, at Lowell, Mas., by Dr,
P. Shaituckj a"fld sdhmitted td ttieUpe
ration of extracting a tumor on tle shouK
der; without manifesting the slightest pain.
An ineisinh round the tumor was made td
the depth of nearly 2 inches, &the operation
Was one which, under ordinary circumstan-r
ces. wb'uld have caused acute pain, fainting,'
&c. On being brought to the,- natural
state, the lady wasentirely free from pain,
and was not aWare that any operation" had
been performed. This cXpefirneht was
performed under the personal examination
of bis. Holbrook. Pillsbury, and Horn;
of Lowell, and in presence of a very, three.
land respectable audience. A full and sci
entific icport of thfe caSe will soon be pub
Special Mission td Ktigland. It sceml
how pretty well settled, says the Philidelt
phia Mercury, that a special mission will,
be sent to Great Britain id settle snbjec
o'f importance, among which the Oregqd
question is" the moSt prominent. Mr. Web
ster is mentioned as most likely to receiffc
Anqtkr.r befaulter' -fTh'k amotipt ot
the defalcation qf Jesse Hoytj as Collector
ot the Port of New York, has been at
lerieth ascertained . It amounts to the rieat
little sum of $2'26.3f9 31 cents.
.... , .
Th Atpfiriaid. John Baehmari. D D.k
Professor of Anatomy in thtt Mgdiral Co1
lege of the State of S. Cafdlina, E. tied
diugs, M. D., Professor or Surferjr irt tfia
Medical Collentf of the State of 'South Ca
rolina. Lewis H. Gibbes. M. D. Profes,
sor of Mathematics and Chemistry, Chariest
ton College, have pronoOficed "the so-call
ed Mermafd' wiiich was recently exhibit
-d in Charirsion, id be an imposition; -being
nothing more than an African ape, and
i fish, put togeiherby cutting on.uic iow-v
r extremities of the ape at the hipsv.antT i
nserting it into the skin of the fih 8 erlti
inches'. They denounce the exhibitor a$ art
impostor. We find it pablishediirjthfc
Charleston: Mercury.- FdjVpfU, i
f . .