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c. ii tuie.i. and my reasons "or entertaining
the n. They re sn.-h. that' I cannot rc
f,.... i.. .wiiiimit r.-niMiicing the
piim.tile4 which I have often avowed in
Dub ic and oivaie. anil which" h ive unified
me ihiojg:. the whole course of my public
In coming to this conclusion, 1 have not
passed over, without careful e xamin ition.
the reasoni aligned Y advocates for
constituting the Convention as they pro
posa They have not diminished the forre
of my objections. I propose to notice the
That which they have urged with the
greatest confidence. n, that each Mate nas
a ritfht 10 app int Delegates as she pleases
1 mjet it, by uiterly denying that there i
any such right. That each Mate nas me
right to act as it pleases, in whatever re
latesto itself exclusively no one will deny;
but it is aD Tteetly novel doctrine, that
any State has such a right, when she comes
to act in concert with others in reference
to what concerns the whole. In such ca
ses it is the plainest dictate of common
sense, that whatever aff cts the whole
should be regulated by the mutual consent
of all, and not by the discretion of each.
That the appointment of Delegates to the
proposed Convention is a case of this des
ciiptiou, 1 trust I have conclusively shown.
have, I also trust shown more; that the
supposed right is perfectly defective, for
while it claims for each Sute the right to
appoint Delegate as it pleases it in reality
gives the larger States the right to dictate
how the others shall appoint. If, for ex
ample the Empire State, as it is called;
adopts the mode of appointing (as she has)
tvhich will concentrate her whole strength,
what discretion would she leave to others.
if thev iro into Convention, but to aoooint i
as she has appointed or to he ruled by her
it is then neither more nor less than a claim
to dictate, under the garb of a right, and
such its exercise has proved in the present
-case. It has left no option, but to conform
to her course, or be overruled, or refuse to
go into the Convention.
I regret this because I sincerely ovsiie
to preserve the harmony of the party. !
had strong hope that the rally after the de
feat of IS40 would be exclusively on prin
ciples. This hope was greatly strengthen
ed by the truly republican and nohle stand
taken at the extra session and the earlier
portion of the succeeding regular session
During thit period of rigid adherence to
principle, perfect harmony pervaded the
ranks of the parly. I beheld it with joy.
1 believed the moment highly lavorable lor
the thorough reformation of the Govern
ment and the restoration of the Constitu
tion. . To the Republican party, I looked
(or "he accomplishment of this great work
and I accordingly felt the deepest solici
tude, that the stand taken, and the harmo
ny which existed, should be preserved,
l.i oHer tha' it should, 1 made up my
mind to waive the objection, which I have
! ng nter'ained to any interme lin'e body
unknown to the Constitution, between the
prople and the election of the President,
in the hope t h t the propose! Convention
would he so constituted that I might con
sistently with my principles give it my sup
port. In this I have been disappointed
and being so, 1 am compelled to decide as
1 have done. The same motives which
impelled me to separate from the adminis
tration of G-n. Jackson, in the plenitude
ot i!s power and to come to the rescue of
Mr. Van Bnreu's at ils grea'esi depres
ion, compels me now to withhold my
ciame from the Convention.
Having now assigned my reasons for re
fusing to permit my name to go b -foie the
lVdtimoreConvention. it nsis with you
who have placed it before the people and
assented to abide by a Convention fairly
constituted, to determine what course you
He your decision what it may I shall be
Tontent. But I regarded it as due to the
occasion, to you and myself, to declare that
under no circumstance whatever shall 1
support any candidate, who is opposed to
free trade, and in favor of the protective
policy, or whose prominent and influential
friend and supporters are. I hold ihe pol
icy to be another mme for a system of
monopoly and plunder and to be thorough
ly anti republican and federal in its charac
ter. also hold that so long as the duties
are so laid as to be in fact bounties to one
portion o' the community, while they oper
ate as oppressive taxes on the other, there
can be no hope that the Government can be
reformed, or that its expenditures will be
reduced to the proper standard.
Were I, with the evidences before me,
to say otherwise of my course, it would be
praeiicilly, to tlecLre that I r-grd ihe
protective policy to be an open question.
so taras tne paity is concerned; which I
would conssider, on my part a virtual ahan
donment of the cause of Free Tiade. That
can never be. I have done and suffered
too much for it when its friends were few
and feeble, to abandon it now, when the
auspices every where, on this and the other
side of the A'lantic, proclaim the approach
ing downfall of protection and the perma
iieni uminpn oi v ree t rade. I who up
held it against monopoly and plunder, in
the worst of times, and braved the menaces
of Administration and Opposition, when
nacseo out by a single State will not
cannot abandon the glorious cause now
when its banner waves in proud triumpl
over the metropolis of the commercu
world. No, 1 shall maintain immovably
m grouati i tii?e o long occupied, until
have witnessed its great and final victory
if it shall please the Disposer of Events to
spare my life so long It will be indeed, a
victory the harbinger of a new and brigh
ter and higher civilization
Much less, still, can I give my support
to any candid .te, who shall give his aid or
countenance to the agitation of abolition in
Congress or elsewhere, or whose prominent
and influential friends and supporters shall.
I doubt the sincerity of any man. who de
clares he is no abolitionist, whilst at the
same time, he aids or countenances the agi
tation of the question, be hiap'Ct xt what
it may. If we have a tight to our slaves,
we have the right to hold them in peace
and quirt. If the Constitution guarantees
the one, it. guarantees the other; and if it
forbids the one from being attacked, it
auallv forbids, the other. Indeed the one
stands to the other as means to an end, and
is so avowed bv the abolitionists, and on
the plainest principles of moral, if the end
be prohibited, ihe means of effecting it also
i i.i i i i i e
are. Ut the iwo, I regaru ine ueiuoeu un
aiic far less guilty and dangerous than he
who, for political or party purposes, au?s
or countenances him, in what he knows is
intended to do i hat, which heacknowledg
es to be for bidden by the Constitution.
It is time that an end should be put to
this system of plunder and agitation.
I hey have been borne long enough. I hey
are kindred measures and hostile, as fr ai
east, as one portion of the Union is concer
ned. While the tariff takes from us the
proct-eds of our labor, abolition strikes at
the labor itsell. I lie one robs us ot our
income, while the other aims at destroying
the source from which that income is de
rived. It is impossible lor us to siam
pa'ieutly much longer, under their double
operation, without being impoverished and
JOHN (;. CALHOUN.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1844
Col, llichacl MIoke, of Lincoln,
We publish to day Mr. Calhoun's ad
dress declining to go before the Baltimore
Convention. This leaves ihe Democratic
party and the friends of Mr. Calhoun an
oppoitunity of a complete and hearty uni
on on the nominee of the Baltimore Con
vention. We feel gratified too to see what we
never doubted, Mr. Calhoun still maintain
ing the great fundamental principles of
Democracy, fand his unqualified opposi
tion to any man or set of men who would
bring into the councils of our country the
van and currupt machinery of Banks, Tar-
ffs and distribution.
The Whigs professed to believe that
Mr. Calhoun's disappointed ambition
would drive him into the Federal ranks
rhey know not ih man. Such are the
motives which haveb mded together in their
ranks so many of their leading politicians
and they are unable to appreciate the pat
Holism and honesty of men, who yield
their own promotion to the success of their
cause and principles. Self being their god,
they set no value on principles when of
fice and emolument glitter before them.
Their expectations of again humbugging
the people, we trust will be as deceptive
as are their vain calculations of the defection
of Mr. Calhoun.
Mr. Calhoun is dissatisfied with the for
mation and mode of acting in the Balti
more Convention, about this tlvre may be
much honest difference of opinion. Such
an assemblage is unknown to the constitu
tion and is only a resort among political
brethren to secure union and harmony.
Such a Convention is certainly capable of
much abuse, and may be the means of usur
ping the powers of the people, tho there
is no apprehension of any such abuse in
the present instance. And however much
we may disapprove of such a Convention
or Caucus, we sacrifice our own scruples
to the general wish of the party, and unite
with them in the effort to concentrate our
powers and strength, into the same harmo
We invite the calm, and considerate at
. : r . .i. ..
lenuou ui our reauers to tnis letter. L.iKe
every thing emanating from the giant intel
lect of this great statesman, it is philosoph
ical, profound, logical and conclusive on
the gre it point in issue, to wit: ihe organi
zation of the National Convention.
Let them icad, ponder and "inwardly
ligesi its great and incontestible truths.
Tis the very spirit of State Rights, speak
mg trumpet-tongued, through her chosen
oracle and defender; for whatever may be
ihe difference of opinion on this subject
now, we believe the time will come when
the Southern and smaller Sute will rise
in their unshorn might and majesty, and
demand that the Convention shall be orga
nized on the principles here laid down.
But while we thus express our deep con
viction of the truth of the principles contai
ned in this letter, we should be wanting in
candor did we fail to acknowledge what
we think is manifest to all, viz: that the re
suit would have been the same, let the
Cnnventinn he organized as it might. The
people demand that the great and conser
vative principles of Democracy stricken
down under Mr. Van Buren, in the foul
and disgraceful contest of 1840. should be
set up by the same individual under whoe
flag they fell.
That Vlr. Calhoun will support Mr Van
Buren we have not the slightest doubt. The
entire ie-union of the Calhoun nd Van
Buren wings in Virginia, is but the signal
for a glorious re union throughout the Uni
ted States. The battle has already com
menced, and woe be unto that party wh
cheated & humbugged the people in 140!
(JThe North State Whig again asks
if we have corrected our "false statement
about the Whig meeting in Washington
county. We would be very glad alway
to correct our errors, and would be thank
ful for a respectful conection of them from
others, for we never would intentionally
misrepresent either men or measures.
But we are not aware that we made any
false statement" about the Washington
meeting, and the carpings of the "Whig'
seem dictated more by a spirit of malignity
and insult than a desire for justice-
Our representations of said meeting were
founded on the statement of a gentleman
who was present at the meeting, and wt
had then as now, the most implicit teliance
on his account of it. And when we after
w.irds saw an official publication of the
meeting by their own order, their account
was not inconsistent with our communica
tion. If satisfied of any "false statement
or injustice in our article, we will prompt
ly correct it.
We hope this explanation will satisfy
the public. The North Slate Whig proba
bly desires it to remain in such a shape, as
will best serve his propensity for mischief
and pervemty. ,
(JWe regret to learn, that the Hon
A. H. Arrington is still detained at home
in consequence of the extreme ill health of
(J The nomination of the Hon. Hnry
A. Wise as Minister to Brazil has been
confirmed - by the Senate. yeas 30, nays
10. The National Intelligencer also fur
nishes the following statement of the voles
in the Senate on the nominations made b
the President. Mr. Henshaw yeas 8.
nays 34 Mr. Spencer eas 21, nays 26
Mr. Porter yeas 3, nays 38. Mr Proffin
mm I I Ml . .
yeas o, nays aa. mr. ijiii yeas 11,
The nomination of Capt. Wrn. B Shu
brick, of the Navy, as Chief of the Bureau
of provisions and clothing for the Nivy, in
phice of Isaac Hill, rejected, has also been
confirmed by the Senate.
Congress. In the Senate, 'on the 5th
instant, Mr. Hannegan presented joint re
solutions from the Legislatnre of Indiana.
fpassed unanimously) asserting the unqua
lified right of the United States to the Oie
gon Territory. The discussion of Mr.
.Mc Duffies tariff hill was then resumed,
which was the principal subject under con
sideration during the week.
In the House of Representatives, on the
5th inst. several petitions were presented.
in relation to slaves, fugitives from justice,
&c. On ihe 6th. the report of the Com
mittee on Elections, sustaining the right of
the members elected under the general
ticket system to their seats, was taken up
and debated. The debate on this subject.
and on the 21st rule, were continued in
the House up to our latest dates.
From the Raleigh Stand ird.
Mr. Clingman and Abolition We
observe that Mr. Clingman is still voting
with the abolitionists In the House, on
the 5th instant. Mr. Adams presented a pe
tition from fcJmyra, New York, praying
lor an amendment ot the Constitution so as7
to secure the extinction of slave represen
tation. The yeas and navs were called
for and ordered on the question of lecep
tion, and being taken, they resulted yeas
73, nays 75. Air. Llmgman voted to re
ceive the petition, and Mesrs. Barringer,
Deherry, McKay, Reid, and Saunders, of
this Stale, voted against receiving it.
When will Mr. Clingman pause in his
Suicide XVe learn from a friend that
Mr. Clark Elder, a respectable citizen of
Randolph county, committed suicide by
nauging himself on the 9ih instant. He is
said to have been in good circumstances,
and his disposition was ralher cheerful than
otherwise There is no cause known for
the rash deed, excepting perhaps, some fa
mily difficulty. Alter breakfasting in the
morning, he told his wife he would go and
clean up the ham. He went, but came
back in about an hour, and sat awhile, and
then went to the barn again, and came
back to the house a second time. Aftei
staving some time, he said to his wife he
would go and finish his work at the barn.
Heietumed no more, but whs found by his
wife hanging dead in ihe barn. He lelt a
number of small children. ib.
(jM. C Pendleion, Eq. Editor of
the f arolina Watchman pubhs.ieu at
Salisbury, has transferred the establish
ment to Mcsrs. J. J. Bruner and S. W.
limits It will continue to advocate
From the Raleigh Register,
Atrocious Murder. We learn from a
Correspondent, that a most atrocious mtir
d r was committed in the lower part of
Johnston County, a few nights ago, on th"
person of Mr. Robert Applewhite, of
Wayne, by Bras well Thomas, a free man
of color. The murderer, who is said to
he nearl y 60 years of age, immediately fled
and is suppoe I to have come with hi 9 wife,
in the direction of this City.
Refusing to Pay the Printer. The
following interesting document wa shown
to the Editor ot the "Christian Advocate"
a few days since.
Please say to the Editor of the Chris
'ian Advocate that it would doubtless be
vell to erae the name of C. C. from his
books, and give up as gone that $1 90 He
says, in the first place he never ordered the
fiaper. and if he did, he never got it, and if
he did, tw.is as an agent ; and besides hej
thinks he piid for it long ago, and if he
didn't he's got nothing to pay, and if he
hid. hf could plead ihe act of limitation. "
W ell, that beats any thing we ever read.
and we agree with the Advocale," that
iheie's. no getting round that Subscriber-
he beats all nalur' in apologizing. ib.
Wilmington, Feb. 7.
Murder On Sunday morning, a negro
boy named Lharl s, fourteen )ears of ;ige.
fehbrrately shot his brother, named Adon
is, a man twenty seven or eight years old
with a pistol loaded with two balls, causing
is death in a few minutes. They had
quarrelled the day before. Whilst another
brother was trying to take Charles, direct-
y after ihe murderous act, he shot at him
likewise with a second pisiol which he had
concealed, but without effect. Charles is
in jail. The man killed belonged to Mr.
P. K. Dickinson, as does the murderer.
In investigating the affiir, it was discover
ed thai a number of small black boys about
town had pistols in their possession, which
..cj .mc ucc.i m u.u ndou ui sporting,,
ilh, firing at marks, &e., in retired places.
1 hey were purchased, they say, and as is
otherwise well ascertained, from certain
men in town, who it appears have been in
he practice of selling hre aims to ihes ave
population. Against ihese violatois of ihe
law. and disturbers of the peace, a highly
excited feeling jus ly exists in the commu
nity. So much so indeed, that tine of the
ngest public meetings of the citizens we
ever inip.-seii, convened y steniy ai a
w Ivors notice, for 1 he purpose of con-
nlering what measures should br taken to
enforc e Hip laws in th-ir i.tmost rigor, and
to visit justice upon the otlenders
The Dismal Swamp Canal. Ourrpa
lers are aware tbat I his public work is now
completed on the new plan. The impojVfey now have on hand a very desirable
lance of this public improvement to the i"n?
lernal rommunicition of the country is not
generally sufficiently appreciated. It con
eels no les than seven states North Ca
rolina and Virginia. Maryland, D -da ware,
'enns Ivania, New Jersey, and New York,'
by inland navigiiion; and. through the
New York t.anal by the lakes, Canada and
Ihe United States In time of war it wonM
e invaluable for transportation of t'oons.
munitions of war, &c, and at this time a
rge and increasing commerce finds an
outlet throhgh its waters. Norfolk Bea.
Texas. A Resolution has nased the
Texan Congress for the annexation of Tex
as to the United States, and the annoint
ment of Commissioners lo lay the s ihject
before the Congr ss of the United States. &
to report the result to iheir Uovernmenl.
I he Houston ( Texas) Star states tbat Ihp
people of Texas, with the exception of 91,
voieu in iavor 01 the measure.
Late from Mexico. An arrival at
New Orleans brings later intelligence from
.The T,opic states that the steamship
Monrezuma U f 1 Vera Cruz on the 26th
December, having on board the Yucatai.
Commissioners. All the differences he
tween Mexico and Yucatan had hi on
There were nine vessels of war of differ
ent nations at Sacrifices, and amonirs
them te U. S. ship Vincennes.
Santa Anna issued a proclamation 01
the 23rd ult. directing that all American
should quit ihe California and New Mexi
Co, within 40 days subsequent to its pro
mulgation, in consequence of which it i
reported that General Waddy Thompson.
the American Minister, demanded l
pasports or the-rescinding of the pro
mation within 48 hours. 'Ihe Minisi
demand was complied with, by recall.'
the proclamation. 1
Washington Market, Feb 15. Co
wholesale, $1 60 per barrel. Bacon!
7 cents. Lar, it tow cents. INavalstoro,
T f J . n m r a. !
ixew cup, i do; uiu, zi t5
65 cenfs. Rep.
(j" Rev. Thos L Carter is expect
to preach in-Tarboro', on the third Sat
bath in February and Saturday before
Tuesday following the above, at Hardj.
way's meeting house, near Mr. S.L. Hart'(
El leis P. Puckett and D. J. Molt ar,
expeoied to preach at Meadow meetini
house on the 31 day of March next; 4th
at Autrey s Cieek; 5th, at Old TowJ
sway's; 8th, at Williams's; 9th, at LaWl
rence's; 10'h. at Deep Creek; 11th, aj
Skewarkev; 13th, at Joyner's; 15lh, 1 6tht
and 17th, at South Quay; 19th, at J0 .
ner's; 21st, at Log Chapel; 22nd, at Crosj
Roads; 23rd, at Conetoe; 24th, at Gum.
In this place, on Wednesday night last,
by L. D Wilson Esq., Mr. IVeldon
Hunter to Miss Nancy Griffiths.
In this county, on Tuesday night last, by
J. C. Knight. Eq , Mr. Wright Barntt
to Mrs. Mary A. S Sharpe.
Jit Tarborough and JS'ew Yof: 1 ::
FEB. 17. per Tarboro Nj, York.
Bacon, - Ib 8 9 v 5 "
brandy, apple, gallon 40 50 40 50
Coffee, - lb 13 15 9 13
Corn, - bushel 30 35 47 52
Cotton, lb 6 7 6 8
Cotton bagging, yard 20 25 15 16
Flour, - barre $5 5$ $5 5$
Iron, lb 5i 6 3 4
Lard, - Ib 6 7 7 10
Molasses, gallon 35 40 18 20
Sugar, brown, lb 9 12 6 9J
Salt, T.I. - bushel 45 50 32 33
Turpentine, barrel 140 150 225 233
wheat, - bushel 65 75 100 110
whiskey, gallon 35 40 20 25 .
llnlc and Female School,
npHE Subscriber avails himself of this
opportunity to call public attention
to the ab'ivc men ioned Institution, of
which he has charge as Instructed In
struction will be given in any and all ihe
English branches, to any extent required;
also in Ihe Hebrew, Greek, Lann, and
French languages. Students, designing
ti Piiler our llnivprm'f v. will hp taovht
,he coljrse of ud.es recommended "by
Faculty in their Cala'ocue.
The present session commenced on 2d
Monday in January, and will end on Fri
day before Ihe 2d Monday in June. Stu
dents may enter at any limi during the
session, and pay for the time sent.
English branches per quarter, $5.
Languages do. 7.50
Payable quarterly. Refer to ihe Trus
tees of the Mah Academy.
J. H BROOKS, Printipal.
Feb. I0!h. 1S44. 6
A LW GOODS! NEW GOODS!!
Tail A Brother,
"yOULD inform ihe citizens of this
(jirict: anu me puniic generally, mat
and magnificent assortment of
iFatwg ana Staple
Hats and Caps of ihe latest style and ve
ry bsi qualiiy Boots and Shots Hard
waie, Cutlery .Crockery. Glassware,
Porch isers of ihe above articles will
find it 10 their interest to examine their
stock. Kveniftheydo not purchase of
us, ihey will at f ast have the advantage of
learning ihe lowest market prices.
Tarhoro', Feb. 1st, 1844. 5
Horses and Vehicles.
rJPK Subscriber having replenished
his slock of Horses and Vehicles,
now offers them for hire on the following
Terms per Dny.
For Barouche, two horses, and driver, $4 00
uaroucne and harness,
Carryall, two horses, and driver,
Carryall and harness,
Buggy, and horse,
r Bugsy, and harness,
m Gig, and horse,
Gijr, and harness,
Sulky, and horse,
Sulky, and harness,
Horse, saddle and bridle, .
Horse, . .
,, Horse and cart, ,
Cart and gear, ,
,, Horse, and plough, ,
., Plough and gear.
Draught wagon and draj, per contract.
T..e above charges are for un ordinary
day's travel longer or shorter distance
by special contract.
Tarboro', Jau'y 10.