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Tartwrough, Edgecombe Count;, J V. Sftturday, September 7. 18 14.
The Tarbaroush Press,
Br George Howard. Jr
13 published weekly at Tux Dollars per year,
if paid in advance-or. Two Dollars and F.fly
Cents at the expiration of the subscription year.
Subscribers are at liberty to discontinue at any
time on living notice thereof and paying arre.ars.
Advertisements not exceeding a square will be
inserted at One Dollar the first insertion, and &
cents for every continuance. I,on2er advertise
ments at that rite per squire. (,ourt Orders and
Judicial Advertisements 23 per rent, higher. Ad
Vertisements must be marked the number of inser
tions required, or they will he continued until
otherwise directed, and charged accordingly.
Letters addressed to the Kdiior must be post
'paid, or they may not be attended to.
To the Democracy of the Union.
The Democratic Associations the Hicko-
rv atvl Young Hickory Clubs, and other
democratic Clubs and Associations now
o'rgvdzed throughout the United Slates
kre mnit respectfully and earnestly soliei
ted, if they have not already done so, to re
port themselves, without delay, hy letter,
post paid, to the Executive .Committee of
the Democratic Association Washington
city, D. C. Thev are requested to give
the names of tht-ir members, kc. &c. &c
It is important that this step should he a
ken to secure a more thorough and efficient
organization of the democratic pirty than
now exists for tin ec reasons:
lt. That each association shall keep the
other well informed of the condition'ol par
ties. 2d. That au hentic atid correct informa
tion may be disseminated far and wide.
3d. That the teturns. whether of State
or federal elections, may be circulated in a
iform authentic, ami official, and which can
be relied upon by our friends for any pur
pose, especially to counteract the fahe im
pressions which may be created by the pub
lication in the whig journals of the results
It is already acetained that that party
have a well organized svtem of falsehood,
not unlv in the publication of erroneous re
turn of election, but. by the publication of
Irarls and documents The vhig and
some of. the neutral papers in every section
of the Union attend t'6 the first branch of
the fraud, and the congressional whig cen
tral franking committee at Washington are
attending to the latter, by publishing and
disseminating one set of opinions by Mr.
Clay for the South, and another set lor the
manufacturing and abolition districts of the
Vorth and West: also documents for the
North making Mr. Polk a free-trade man,
and documents for the South making him
a lariff man. These frauds have been de
tected in this city; therefore we vyarn our
friends to guard against them. Discredit
everything coming fiom a whig Source,
until substantiated by information derived
from those whose effort will be not to de
ceive, but to enlighten vviih the truth
We do not hesitate to say that the election
returns which have bpen. and are being
published in the Globe can be relied on by
our friends for any purpose. They are as
accurate as unofficial returns can possibly
be, some of which, frdm necessity, being j
copied Irom whig pipers. The official te
turns will be published in h (ilohc as
soon as they are received. When the or
ganization proposed by this notice is com
plete, the facility for getting the correct
returns will be such as is doited We ap-
peal to I.'.'e de mocracy Jn those sections of
country where no asocnlions eSist to
forthwith organize and report in accord
ance witr, lh? above. VVe make this ap-
peal not from ai.J
v ,''oub' of the strength ol
our cause, or that we
Kii-fl not the num.
bers to carry it on to victory
not despise the enemy however corrunt
weak they may be; but knowing them to
be weak and Corrupt should make
us more vigilaut and active to guard
against the unfair and unjust means to
which they will from necessity resort to
cover their weakness. We can assure our
friends that that Ave hive no doubt Folk
and Dallas will be elected. . We mu-t,
nevertheless, do our duty. Wc make the
appeal with1 another view; that channels
inay be established through which' w'e can
develop to the American neonle one of
the mos 6orrnpt and villanous schemes ev
t concoct el by any pa'rtyr which has been
fiei on fool by whiggery to subjugate te
publican libeity, and bring our institutions
down to the footstool of the tyranny of the
Old World. We do not fear the scheme.
Hs exposure will not only defeat itsobject.
tfyv. will overwhelm the men and the prt
who .conceived, and are attempting to ma
ture jl, in infamy so deep that the friend
P.fciyi.j a,nd religious liberty throughout
the .wprid, to the remotest general ions.
wJll execrate there very names. When
the .organization is complete, the exposure
ilf b,e made, and their plan rendered
forthwith North, South, East, and West.
I S I his is to give notice to the de
mocracy, that the whig centra! commits
in this city are publishing documents pur-
I J oiiuw iriG votes of Mr. Polk
which, in fact, if they do not in all cases
actually falsify his votes, suppress some of
the facts connected therewith, and thus
give a false aspect to them. It will be the
duty of the democratic party in every sec
lion cf the country to discredit these doc
uments, denounce them as vile whig slan
ders, as they are, ask a suspension of pub
lic opinion, arid write wrimediatelv to
Washington to the executive committee of
the democratic association to send the real
facts in each case, to be derived from the
Congressional archives, as authenticated
by the clerk in charge of them.
The associations throughout the Union
will be pleased to pay the postage on all
communication sent to the executive com
mittee of the democratic association at
Washington, whose communications will,
in aU'cass, be postage paid.
The democratic panvrs thioiiiihout the
United States will subset ve the cause of
the democracy by giving the fullest public
ity to the above, C i it i 1 it shall be seen in
the remotest parts of the Union. They
are earnestly requested to do so.
13y order of the executive committee.
JAMES TOWfcES, Ch'h.
C. P. Sengslack, Sec'y.
From the Baltimore Republican.
LET THE FARMER READ THIS.
In one of his speeches (page 155, vol. 1)
Mr. Clay sa s:
Agriculture wants but little or
o protection against the regulations of
Adopting this doctrine, his whig follow
ers have concentrated their protection in
favor of the manufacturing interests of
New England, the proprietors of whose
cotton and wool mills are now, tinder the
tariff of JS42, amassing the most princely
fortunes. Now, it is clear that some one
must pay for all this; and it is just as clear
that, as the tariff affects the coarser articles
principally, the agricultural interest is that
which suffers the most largeh' by the op
eration of this high protective system of
t lie whigs. I heory does very well in its
place, but ihe practical effect is that uhich
the firmer can best understand. When
he is called upon to pay at the present time
some 65 cents a yard for cassinet to make
pantaloons for himself and boys, and bears
no mi ml that this is one of the articles
"protected" by Mr. Clay and his. party,,
and for which he had only to pay 35 cent3
a yard in 1S42 without this protection, J'
he can well comprehend how it is that he
is taxed MOcts a yd. (the difference between
the prices of the two years) for the benefit
of northern manufacturers. This is .the
wiiy that ''protective lai iffs" act! The
manufacturer grows rich, and the consu
mer, through act of Congress, is made to
piy for it ! . , .
Mr. Polk's doctiine is a little different
fn.m this. He adopts the opinion that the
blessings of government, like the dews of
Heaven, should fall utjon. ALL alike" the
farmer, the niechahic, the manufacturer,
the merchant. Hear his language:
'In my judgment it is the duty of the
government to extend, as far as may be
practicable to'do so, by its revenue laws,
anil all other means within its power, fair
and just protection to all the great inter-
ests of the whole Union, embracing Adm-
ruLTtJRE, manufactures the mechanic arts,
commerce, and navigation."
Now which of these doctrines does the
farmer like best? While his pocket affords
him the strongest of all common-sense ar-
' g'inients, will he ubmit his judgment to
that of Ulav. that 44 a sr culture
ivanti little or no protection," and that
it is all .right to protect the manufacturer?
Well, if he prefets nying s fax of 30 cents
a yard on his caWnet; in order to carry
out the operation of the whig principle of
special protection, it certainly is his own
aff iK, but don't let. him complain if he soon
finds himself, U'i'h (he present prices of
the produce of his farm, scarcely in a
condition to get himself even a pair of pan
We hardly need remind our agncultu
ral friends of the prices of their produce.
We suspect that they have made made an
other discovery that, as the prices of cotten
and woollen goods have run up, the pri
ces of produce have un down. This
-tate of thing was predicted during the
discussion of this larif of 1842. The pre
idiction was based upon what has been the
fact in the history of all our tariffs. Now.
'et us" look at the grain market. The Bal
timore ";Amiican" U the principal whig
nmn. and its -nii-es' current" are made
ip with care, and may always be relie-l
n. In its last weekly list we find tin
Wheat (prime reds) was
50 to S5 cts. j
70 to SO ct.
"40 to 42 cts.
40 to 4 I cts.
21 to 22 cts.
Since these prices were made up, sever-! 'ihments. This we know from, the reason
al cargoes of corn have been sent back to! that in 8429 when coarse goods reached
the Eastern Shore from Baltimore, the!"4' their lowest point in prices, we did
factors being only able to obtain 33 cents'001 purchase the Salisbury flannels because
for it! The prcspect too is, as we are in- we could purchase others at lower rates:
forrned by a factor, that wheat will run for instance, the Salisbury scarlet, No. 12.
down to 70 for nrime reds, if not even twenty-six inches were held at IS cents
lowersay 65 cents. Now, it just strikes
us to make a practical illustration, for the
better understanding cf all vye have been !
saying. In the letter from the Hon. Elias i
Brown, given, below, he says that he sold
his crop of 184 1 (before the" tariff, for from
551 25 to SI 45. For one bushel of wheat
at that time, then, he could have obtained
three and a halj '6) yards of casinet at 25
cents a yard. Well, we find now that the
tariff has run up the price of this y'ery
cloth, say to 65 cents a yard; and his wheat
has run down say to 70 cent's a bushel;
and for his 3$ yards of the very same cloth
he has to, pay now three bushels of his
wheat. In plain English he has to give
two bushels cf wheat in the way of pro-
Uection to the northern manufacturei !
This is the practical result of Mr. ( lay,
which Mr. Pratt, the whig candidate for
governor Is preaching throughout the State.
How, in the name of common sense,
the farmer can sustain this system of jm
poyerishing himself for the benefit of a
i comparatively, few manufacturing pro
prietors is more than we understand. If
he would look at the thing in its proper
& practical light, we are sure that the most
ingenious whig sophistry could no longer
deceive him. When the 'doctrine of Mr.
Clay is brought home to the agriculturist,
we are sure that it would open his eye- to
the oppression of this system of special pi
lection That we are right in such a con
elusion, is well shown by the, following in
cident, the substance of which is of actual
A whig farmer, of Baltimore county
had occasion recently to purchase in the
city a pair of trace chains. He was char
ged Si 1 2 1 for an article for which he had
previously paid the same storekeeper, we
believe but S71. He was started at the ad
vance of price, the reason for which vya
given in the high protective tariff. He
must have the chains and and therefore he
had to pay the increased price. So laying
down Sit cents, he said, there Mr.
is what 1 pay for. the chains, and there
(putting down a 25 cent piece) is the tax
I am made to pay for beinjt a whig. lam
whig no longer ;
Tint twentv-five cents was the best sort
of argument for overthrowing that absorb,
insane, idiotic doctrine of Mr. Wethered
and other whigs, that xuhigh duties make
tow prices an assertion only equalled m
its jiillmess by another whig. conclusion du
ring the shin-plaster, bank-suspension era,
viz: that 7c banks are always the
! strongest when they have the east she
cie in their vaults. I hese whig leaders
certainly deserve monuments in hinor of
these two great discoveries. I hat the
brains that could conceive such absurdities
should, at least, be preserved in. the pat
ent office, no sane man will doubt.
Now, we ask our agricultural friend
carefully to read the following correspon
dence.. The letter of Messrs Gbsnell
and Richardson defies contradiction. In
Baltimore no. merchant dares hazard the
statement. The gentlemen are business
men of the first abilities, both as to a
knowledge of goods and a successful man
agement of their concerns. Again, then,
we say READ! Ponder the subject
well, agriculturists, as fou value a just
return for your labor, and as your true
Carroll County, July 25, 1S44. ,
Mr. Parke Sim 1 applied to L. Wr.
Gosnell, esq , a highly respectable whole
sale merchant of the city of Baltimore,
some two weeks since, for a statement
from his books showing the prices he paid
the manufacturer, from the passage of the
existing 'tariff law (July, 1842) urj to the,
present time, for such' articles in his. line of
business as are consumed by the farmer,
mechanic, and laboring portion oT the com
munity. . . ,. ... .
He has kindly iurnisnea. me .wnn me
enclosed statement, signed by himself and
Beale H Richardsonj esq;., also a merch
ant of high standing in Baltimore. 1 his
statement speaks for itself; 3nd 1 send it to
you with a rerfuest that you publish it,
with this note in your neiti paper.
Baltimore, I2"tb July, 1S44
Hon. Elias Brown Dear Sir: I an
g.,Pr to vbur inquiries in relation to the
prices of coarse woollen and cotton goods
VK42. 1S43. and 1844; we
IUI Uir (wi.o j . .
deem it necessary only to give you the pn
rp of a few prominent items which en
ter into general consumption by the farm:
era and working classes, to enable you to
form a correct judgment upon the subject.
We shall first take the ar'.icle of flannels
land will quote th fabrics of the Salisbury
manufacturing company. This is a com-
jpTiy with a heavy capital, and whose flan-
r.els never reached so low a point of depes
sicn in prices as the fabrics of other estab-
per yard. We bcu'&ht an equally good ar-
tide at 161 cents, and a much better at IS
cents. We take thje .Salisbury factory,
noweycr, oecause meir nannets are regular
ly made & numbered with so much accu
racy and uniformity that the trade can pur
chase them without examination'; because
the number and width indicate the value
with as much accuracy as the si'se and
number "oT cut nails indicate their . Vaue,
which, is net the case with other flanifels
generally. We therefore quo'e as fol
. . . ...... .
For red and scarlet flannels of the Salis
For 1842, No. 12, 26 inches, 13 cts.
1S4.3, 4; 24 44
1844, 4 30 44
The next item we shall notice is Glas
gow jesn, a coarse twil'eu article ot wool
and cotton, for winter pantaloons, f yard
wide.. We paid in 18-12, 14 cents; in 18
43, 17 cents'- the price now is 20 cts per
yard, and selling r ipidly. I he quality
of this artie'e, it may he said, varie3, hut
tne quotations are oi me identical same
quality of goods, manufactured by the same
factory, artel sold by the same commission
house for the same quality, and purchased
by ourselves as such.
The next article we shall notice is
coarse cassinets. An article called
"Sheep's Grey," manufactured of South
American wool in its natural colors we
bought in IS 12 at 25 cents; in 143 at. 35
cents; and is now held and selling at 474
cents A common mixed cassinet of a fine
texture, but lighter fabric than, the
"Sheep's Grey,'' well known to the trade,
but the name not now .recollected, sold in
1842 at 27 cents; in 1843 at 31 to 32$
cents; it is now held at 47 cents; and
the agent informed us to-day. that the price
will certainly advance to 50 cents when
the. fall trade opens.
A still finer article of mixed cassinet,
manufactured by the Maverick company,
we bought in i 842 1 at $2 cents; in 1843
at 62 centsj the same article is now held
at 75 cents; and al that price is considered
the cheapest in the market.
The advance in common cotteri goods
is nearly or quite as great in proportion ao
t.- An.rdn firnnl tuna tt. lil.linna f U a ,rt
ry lowest price and commonest article ofil:, '
prints, fugitive colors, we bought m IS42
at 3 cen's to 4; in 1813 we paid from
4j to 5J; they are now worth from 5J to
64; cents. . ...
It must be remembered that this table
presents only the prices paid to the manu
facturer by the package or large quantity.
The jobbing merchant (as we are called)
must have ids profit of 10 per cent, on
those prices, when he sells to the country
merchant by the piece. The country
merchant must have his profit of from 25
to 30 per cent, upon the price he pays
when he sells to his customers by the yard,
l ake then the articles of flannel, Glasgow
jean, and cassiint, and add the jobber's!
profit, and the retuler s profit to the sepa
rate prices of 1S42, 1313, and 1844, and
mark the result:
Flannels with the jobber's
. and retailer's profiits ad- r
.ded in - - 1842. 25 cts.
Do. same quality - 1 842, 33
Do. 44 1 84 4 , 42
Glagow jeans' - r 15 12,20
. samequality 313,25
4 - iS4l, 2Sa31$
Coarse, sheep's grey cassinet,
profits added' , . , M2, 35 .
44 44 same quality 1843,55
i it 1S44, 65
'e will now show you the, .difference
to the consumer between the the two ex
treme prices of 1842 and. 144.
We will, suppose ha, a laboring man
bought himself 3 yards flannel for a shirt,
snd A vards of sheeo's crev cassinet for a
pair . of pantaloons in 1842:
would stand thus:
3 yds flannel at 25 cents per yard, 75 cts.
3 44 sheep s grey casinetal35cts.,I 05
Total JA SCt
IJovv, suppose the very same man pur
chases the. same articles at the present
(1844) prices: his account will stand thus:
3 yds flannel at 42 cts"., 26
2 44 sheep's grey cassinet at 65, 1 95
Total, S3 21
Making a difference against the labor
ing man, since 1842, in a single pattern for
a coarse flannel shirt and a pair -of panta-
loprtf of the very coarsest cassinet, of one
dollar and forty-one cents, or nearly eigh
ty per Van!, advance; when, at the Bi.-r
time, the, man who wears the verjr'.C" -?t
broad clothes and cassimeres does not
one single farthing adance upon his cK-r,
ing since 1842. The same advance of CO
ntt n "ril rt f r I K nt l H ...... 1.1
bring it up to $9 per yard.
We have made up this statement witri
great care, from an, examination of our
own purchases and from other undoubted
sources; but,, with one or two exceptions,
the statement is taken from our own en
voice. You may therefore rely with per
fect confidence upon its being strictly
Very respectfully, jour.. .
K. W. bosNELL,
B. H. RICHARDSON.
Now let us look at the other side of the
The average price bf wheat, in the -years
1838, '39, and MO, was t about, $ 25 per
bushel. I sold my crop of 1841 (then the
duties under the compromise were at the
lowest point (at prices ra.nging fiom J5l 25
to Si 4 per bushel; since the passage .of
the existing tariff law, (July, 1842,) he
highest price 1 have obtained is $1 06i,
which was for seed wheat; it is now( worth
from 85 to 90 cents per bushel. All oth
er farm produce has declined in like man
ner. . f ..
I he common 'qualjtes of staple ( print
(calicoes) of fast colors vary, according to
quality of cloth and style, of pattern... In
! S4 2, from 4 i to 9 ; in 1 843, from 1 h t.9
1 1 ; the Same qualities of gbodi are now
held and selling al from 8 v Id 13 cents'.
The very commonest quality of fast-color' -cd
calico now in the market, which is not
so good in quality as we bought at 41 cents
in 1S42, we had to pay S cents for last
week. .. ; ... j .' - -j,"
Unbleached canton flannel a twillca;
cotton "goods, napt on one side, for men'a
winter shirts and drawers, .and. for' women's,
winter wear we bought in .1842 at frotrVr
6 to 1 cents; in 1843 at from 7J to Q?
cents; worth now from 9J to 101 cents.. .
Cotton osnaburgs, 4-4 yd. wide, wo
bought in 1842 at Si to 9 cents; in 1843 at
can now be bought at is 12 to 12.. ,
Cotton plaids and stripes forewomen's
wear, 3-4 yd- wide, 1842, from 8 to 9; ,bi
1843 from 9 to 10; worth now from 10
to 1 1 1 cents. . .
Brown or unbleached sheeting, 3-4.yn
wide, in 1S42, from 3$ to 4!;fn 184
from 4l to 5i; now, from 6to 6f ; 4-4
do., IS 12, from 51 to 7;. in J343, from 7
to 9; 184 4, from 7 to 9. :
A recapitulation will present the follow-
AFA2. 1843. iM'4.
IS cts. 24 cts. 30 cts.
14 17 20
25 35 .. 47i
27 3U321 47
521 621 75
3ja4 4a 5J J 51;
41a9 71ail 8 aid.
6 a71 71a 9
8 a9 9 alO lOill
3la4l 4ja 51 6 a 6i
5a7 tad 71a 9
8j9 9al0i 12 al?i
Sheep s .grey
Coiri'ii mixed 44
Maverick 44 44
. fugitive col's,
flannel; , .
Cot. plaids and
3 4 brown shee
4 4 do. do.
4-4 cotton osna
This table will give you a pretty correct
idea of the advance of the nrices of rem-.
ino'ri woollen and cotton goods generally
since 1842. Medium qualities n;.vc not
advanced so much as the coarse; wl.., the
very fine fabrics, both of wool an cottony'
Have not advanced at all! In othf . 'oiFii
as the quality of goods advances. 'j
very common to the very fine; . if??
vance in prices diminishes, until it reach
. death of Cpmmodo'e Dallat
Alexander J. Dallas, commanderoftht
merican squadron in the Pacific pcpan,!
ed on board the U. S. frigate Savannah, ni
Callao bay; on the 3d day of June, from, a
third attack bf the paralysis. Com. Pallai
entered the navy z. . midshipman, pn.the
22d day . of November, 1 05, and hacl "of
course been in the naval service," in which
he enjoyed an enviable reputation, t.rzfly
39 yeirs. He was the son of that ster..n
patriot, Alexander J. Dallas; who so 1V
tinguished himself at the head of the Tre.
sury Department at the most critical period
of this country, and was the brother pf Mr.
Dallas, whose name is now before; the pep:
pie as, a candidate for the Vice Presidtccy.'
.ouisiana.-r'The convention to rvvist
the constitution of the State met.at Jack
son, on the. 6th . instant, lion. Aleiatider
Walker was called to preside oyer its pro
ceedings by a vote of 38 to 34v He wai
the .Democnitic candidate;