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The Charlotte post. (Charlotte, N.C.) 1918-????, June 01, 2006, Image 10

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2B O eo~ LIFE/ charlotte $ost Thursday, June 1,2006 tn£ fBm«-fl'n{aou fitstsRcn CtniEB Oft filinofliTy Hesith function is to make fluid for Prostate cancer dangers One in 10 men wiH develop prostate cancer in their life time and more ihan 30,000 American men will lose their lives to prostate cancer this year! This risk of prostate cancer is 60 percent higher in African-American men as compared with whites. Among the 10 leadii^ causes of cancer death in African- American men, prostate can cer is second only to Irmg can cer. In his lifetime, an African-American male has a 1 in 5 chance of being diag nosed with prostate cancer and a 1 in 20 chance of dying from it! What exactly is the prostate? The prostate is a gland about the size of a walnut located below the bladder and in fixmt of the rectum. It sur rounds part of the urethra, the duct that empties the bladder. The prostate’s main Mental illness in the black By Glenn Ellis NA7/ONAL NEWSPAPER PUBUSHFRS ASSOCIATION Please see MENTAL/3B What causes prostate can cer? No one knows the exact cause of prostate cancer; how ever, research shows that men with certain risk factors are more hkdy to develop prostate cancer. These risk factors include: age (the chance of developing prostate cancer increases after age 50); family history (having a father or brother with prostate cancer more than doubles a man’s risk); high fat diet (a diet with an abim- dance of meat, high-fat foods and limited fimits and vegeta bles appears to confer a sH^tly higher risk); and race (prostate cancer occurs more often in African-American men). How do I check for prostate cancer? Many men with prostate cancer experience no symp toms initially Symptoms, if they do occur, may include urinating frequently at night, having blood in the urine, dif ficulty urinating, or experi encing sexual dysfunction. Standard screening tools for prostate cancer detection include the DRE (digital rec tal examination) and PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood test. For the DRE, the doctor places a gloved, lubricated finger in the rectum and feels a portion of the prostate for abnormalities in size or shape. As uncomfortable as it sormds, it lasts only a few sec onds and is very necessary The PSA is a simfde blood test detectii^ the level of antigens or proteins released by the prostate. If the PSA level is high, further evalua tion is wairanted. There are factors other than prostate cancer that can raise PSAlev- ds, includir^ increasing age, trauma, infection (prostati tis), or an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperpla sia). Neither the PSA test nor DRE is 100 percent accurate. Based upon your individual risk assessment, screening decisions are best made in consultations with a physi cian. Your physician should openly discuss options for testing, potential benefits and side effects. Accordir^ to ihe American Cancer Society, healthcare providers should offer both PSA and DRE tests, annually to all men over age 50. For those at high risk (including African- American men) testing may be recommended as early as age 40 - 45 years. Is prostate cancer curable? A man’s prognosis is depen dent upon several factors, including the stage of the cancer at time of diagnosis-. Screening is so important because it allows for early detection, thereby improving your chance of survival. Depending on the size and nature of the cancer, you and your doctor may decide upon a number of treatment options, including: surgery external or internal radiation therapy, hormone therapy, cryotherapy or chemothera- determined. However, cur rent research behooves us to get informed, eat a diet rich infrtiits and vegetables, exer cise regularly and GET SCREENED! Remember, knowledge is power, but it is what you do with it that makes aU the dif ference! Contribution bv Granada Neil MD. For more information about the Maya Angelou Research Center on Minority Health, visit our web site at http:l/wwwM'jubmC£duhninority- health. Or, for health information call (336) 713.7578. py Can I prevent prostate can cer? Definitive methods of can cer prevention have yet to be PHOTO/THE STOCK MARKET AmeriCare’^Health AmeriCare Health “Sugar Creek ” Medical Center| 721 W. Sugar Creek Rd. • 704-941-8020 “Now Open” “A New 3 Million Dollar Facility” (across the street from Mayfield Memorial Baptist Church) The Plaza” • 704-535-0400 M Milton Road • Chafiotce, NC 28215, “At The Park” • 704-399-2677 6023 Beatties Ford Road • Charlotte, NC 28216 Visit AmeriCare at either location For All Family Healthcare Needs - Accepting New Patients - “Appointments Not Necessary” Comprehensive Healthcare You Need and Deserve: • State-of-the Art Pediatrics • Urgent Care • Internal Medicine • Minor Trauma • Industrial Medicine • Diagnostic- Center Dr. Fidelis Edosomwan Open Mon-Fri, 9am-7pm, Sat. 9am*5pm- “For I will restore health unto thee, and! loill heal thy wounds, saith the Lord.” -Jeremiah 30: 17 community One of the greatest, and most rmdertreated, threats affecting Americans today is mental illness. Four- Hundred-Fifty million people worldwide are affected by mental, neimological or behavioral problems at any time. In keeping with the preva lence of health disparities in practically every otiier area of health, the Afiican-American ccanmunity suffers dispropor tionately fix)m both mental health and mental health treatment. One in four patients visiting a health service has at least one m^tal, neiorological or behavioral disorder, but most of these disorders are neither diagnosed nor treated. African-Americans account for only 2 percent of psychia trists, 2 percent of psycholo gists, and 4 percent of social workers in the United States. Mental illnesses affect, and are affected by, chronic condi tions such as cancer, heart and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. Untreated, they bring about unhealthy behavior, non-com pliance with prescribed med ical regimens, diminished immune functioning, and poor prognosis. Compoimding this disparity in mental health is the exis tence of a pervasive stigma that is held widely in the Afiican-American communi ty: “They mi^t think I’m crazy!” The stigma that engulfs African-Americans on the ’ issue of mental illness has its orpins deep in the annals of slave history in America. One scientific report went so far as to deliberately falsify the Black insanity rates finm the 1840 U.S. census to show that the further North blacks lived, the higher their rates of Ivmacy strong e-vidence, of course, that fi-eedom drove blacks crazy One Hundred-Fifty years after the 1840 census, there are still important gaps and paradoxes in our knowledge of the mental health status of 1 IN 5 AMERICANS NEVER SAW IDENTITY THEFT COMING. THAT’S WHY WE’RE THE FIRST MAJOR BANK TO PROVIDE A FREE EARLY WARNING SYSTEM. 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