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Fair tonight and Wednesday;
*, OCTOBER 26, 1909.
An Era of Low Mor
~sTafity Has Been Reached
By the Civilized World
Washington, D. C.. Oct 25. ? "The
. civilized' world has indeed arrived at
an era of low mortality."
This conclusion 1b stated in Census
Bureau Bulletin, 104, on mortality
statistics for 1908, prepared by Dr.
Cressy L. . Wilbur, chief statistician
for vital st%isttcs under Director Du
rand who has transmitted it to Sec
retary Nagel of the Department of
Comuieico and Labor.-- ? ~ ? '
The death rate of the registration"
states in 1908 was 16.3 per 1,000 of
population which wis Slightly lower
than that for the entire registration
area, 15.4 per 1,000, and It Is the
lowest on record- Dr. Wilbur states
It is probably the lowest death rate
that has ever occurred In the United
The I'eath SAte of the rural por
tions of these States was still lowor,
holng nnW 1 f nor 1 000 wl.llo nf
the urban population was 16.5 per
1,000; the latter including all cities
having a population of 8,000 or more
inhabitant* in 1900, and being, as
usual, somewhat greater than the
rural rate. Such rates would hav?
seemed quite o?t of tho nwootlsn a
fM lllfiiu. . - ?
Th? death rate of England and
Wales for 1908 was only "14.7 per
1,000 of population, and o? London
for the same year, 15.8 per 1,000.
For each year since 1893 the death
rate of England and Wales has been
less than 16 per thousand, with the
exception of the year 1904 for which
year it was 16.2 per 1,000, while no
rate as low has been recorded for any
previous years of registration.
The early publication of the data
-<yIaUag Ux_Lhe mortal Uy of the
1908 for the~reglstratlon area of the
United States wan only mnrin pO? thlg
by f'ne increased promptness of the
returns from the 8tate and city of
fices, most of which now make month
,*1* ' ?; * .
I The registration area embraces the
registration Slates and separate reg
istration cities Jn npn- registration
States accepted by tho Census Bureau
as having approximately eojftfete
.registrations of deaths based upon
the requirement of compulsory burial
permits. For the year 1908, the reg
istration States were: California,
Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana,
Maine, Maryland, ^Massachusetts.
Michigan, New^ Hampshire, New Jer
sey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode
Island, South Dakota, Vermont.
Washington and Wisconsin.
The District of Columbia and sev
royl*. ,r?T |nn ^ -~n
registration flutes, together, with, the
registration states mentioned, made
for 1908* whose total estimated popu
lation lor the year 'was 45,028,76? or
over one-half (51.8 per cent) of tho
total estimated population ^con
tinental United States, which was 86 -
R,'4.yyu. The ftdfllllOH of Olilu fui
the year 1 909 has itm further In
creased the percentage .of the popu
lation reporting to 55.2 per cent, and
other areas may be included for the
calendar year 1910, for which direct
comparisons of the mortality statfS^
tlra ran he made with the population"
enumerated by the Thirteenth Cen
The total number of deaths re
turned for the year 1908 from the
aggregate registration area was 691,
574. For the preceding year the
number of deaths was 687,034, or
.onYy-^4,540 ' less than the 1908 fe
turiis, although the registration area
for 1908 was increased by Washing
tomnfl Wisconsin- " The year 190S
f OR MURDER
Columbia Street Railway Em
ploye Shoots and Kills a
Columbia, S C., Oet. JG.? The cor
ouer's Jurr tht, afternoon held Street
Oar Conductor Woodjrard W. Ljlaa
for the murder of Paul "Hart, a ljefro
laborer, emUored at Tajior'a dairy.
Hart vaa a passenger on Lyles' oar
between 11 and 1 o'clock tun morn
waa Started to the bam near the
anion station he quarreled with the'
raMuctor lor not taking him to
Oljrmpla.Tfllace. H, waa abot twice!
was one of remarkably low mortality
throughout the United States so' far
as can be determined from the avail
able registration records and was
marked by a geheral absence of se
vere epidemics and of unusual mor
tality from other causes. '
Females, contribute a cllghtly
larger proportion of the deathejB
1908 than they did in 1907." but the
"ScfuaTTininber -ot oi^ptaleg.
refctBtered for 1908 was less than for
1907. The figures for age perlqds
show a somewhat Increased per cent
of deaths of Infants under l year for
1903 but the ratios for each of the
individual years from l to 4 are iden
tical for 1907 and 1908. A close
agreement appears in the subsequent
five-year periods, although there was
a slightly more favorable showing
for 1908 for the age pqrlods from 15
to m yftnrn, -
Nearly one-fifth of all the deaths
that occurred were those of Infants
under one year of age, and over one
fourth are of children less than
years of age.
For both 1907 and 1908. 93.3
cu,t wf j.11 Jvallis were mos<* of w
which shows the unequal di
vision of the registration area In this
respect;" Maryland is the only regis
tration -State with a considerable pro
portion (23. 6 per cent) of colored
Noarly one-fourth of all deaths
registered were those of persons born
outside of the United States. The
States having the largest proportion
of naUre-born Americans of native
stock, are. Dr. Wilbur states, the ones
In which it is the most difficult to. se
cure U?e passage of effective registra
tion laws. Therefore, the actual mor
-ialJty of Americans of nfttTrft
age Is not fully represented In the
registration area, although over two
thirds of the deaths registered were
of native born p?u;? o&a-and nna.thlrd
were of native bom with native par
ents. . *
it appears that the month of max
imum mortality In 1908 was Janu
ary with $7,763 deaths and that of
midimum mortality was June with
The death rates of the Individual
registration^ tales va/y for~The~year
1908 from 18.4 for California to 10.1
for South Dakota. Dr. Wilbur points
out that the total variation is less
than that among the great towns of
England and thht the range oT mor
tality Is not excessive.'
With the exception of South "Da
jfwtwi H|| i erlstratinn Smi^ for
which data are presented for moro
than a single year, show lotvcr rates
instances the rates for 199j"were the
lowest on record, at least since fair
ly accurate registration has beep in
effeet. - For. Massachusetts a compari
son of the rates given In the State re
? porta wince 1951 .shuwa that, with tlx;
single exception of the rate (16.3) In
1904, the rate (16.61 In J9<$8 is the
Then follow comparisons of the
death rates of the cities of the United
States with 100.000 population or
-MW In 19Q0, Of the thirfT.n?
cities considered, a decreased death
rate was shown in 1908 In all but
five instances. The remainder of the
bulletin is devoted to the considera
tion Afc causes of death, of occupations
In relation to mortality, and contains
the official English translation of the
revised list of causes of death ar
ranged for use In mortality tables by
international agreement aftSe second
decennial revision In Paris last July.
1 The opening Mitlwuf th^Dfftfrarr'i
atolr sendee for the union meeting'
scheduled to begin next Sunday, waa,
largely attended at the Methodist'
rchureh last "Evening. The speaker of
the evening was Rev. H. B. Searight,
pastor of the First Presbyterian
, Church, his topic being "The Divine
Side of a- Revival." The Ufcpc wasi
jnuch enjoyed. Tonight at 7:30 the
"Human 81de of a Revival" will be
dlftussed. Rev. Robert Hope, pas
tor of the Christian Church, will be
th^speaker. All those who sing' ate,
cordially Invited to sit with the choir
and aid. SJVferyWdf l* mTltadto it-;
tend these service# of preparation.
a"to nn>B to ummmm.'
DOUBLE TRAGEDY .
Corset Steel Saves Her
William H. Short, Ex-convict,
Shoots His Wife and Then
Kills- Himself at the Union Sta
tion, Washington, D. C.
I WA&h'lngl&i, U. CT Oct. 26. ? Bat3"
tll;ig- with death, and avowing love
for the man who shot her down as
she fled from his presence. Mrs. Eve
lyn Louise Short, a member of the
Motor Girls company, which played
in this city last week, is at Casualty
?&>9p!tal with two bullet wounds in
the left shoulder, inflicted by. her hus
band, William II. Short, who later
sent a bullet Into his own brain, caus
ing his death two hours later.
The womari's condition is serious,
but Dr. T. A. Lee, superintendent of
the hospital, ifelleves that when the
bulfet&are removed todayy Mrs. Short
"will have an excellent chance for re^
covery. The body of the husband Is
at the morgue, awaiting the .arrival
of advices. Acting Coroner Gloze
brook, after viewing the bddy~tast
night. Issued a certificate of death by
The tragedy was enacted in the
west portico of Union Station shortly
before 10 o'clock yesterday morning.
Jealousy and refusal of the wife to
give up the stage are ascribed as mo
tives for the double crime. Short
fired thre<j bullets at his show-girl
wife, and a fourth btlliet B6 sent into
his own brain. The girl and her hus
pltal. but Short expired without re
Owes Life to Corset Steel - t
To a corset steel, which broke the
force oT a bullet that struck her in
the middle of the back, is attributed
Mrs. Short's escape from Instant
death. The missile grazed the steel
and barely b^oke. the flesh. When,
the woman was placed on an operat
ing-table on&sif lhe_bullets fell from
her clothing. The twoother bullets
entered the back Just below the left
shoulder blade, plowed through the
muscles, and lodged in the fleshy
part of the shoulder. An attempt to
remover them will be made this
Mrs. Short is known to the stage
as_Jpvelyn Howard, and is the' daugh
ter of Mr. ftnrf MriT Til III I I'l T I H III |
of 2 West 111th street. N'c-sr York.
She Is about 23-years oldi%nd has
1 Lho?n-in-Uia tka-fjvulJnli 1.1 t'nm i
three yeais, appearing in several
musical comedies. Her husband was
a convict, and h*d been released from
.Sing Sing prison, where he was com
mitted for the alleged embezzlement
?of about >6,000 froiu a New ?uik
business house. He waa-g T:attvfr-^?
Livingston, Ala., and was 53 years
A CALLHU MEETING.
There was a called meeting of tho
| eiecutiyfl committee of the Young
Men's Christian League at the Cham
ber of Commerce rooms this after
noon at 4 o'clock. The purpose of
the meeting was to select the different
speakers for earh Sunday afternoon
during the ensuing month.
WILL STLI' DOWN* AND OUT. ?
"In four years i will step down ?
? and out, and I wop't be entitled ?
amy other citizen; but foe the
Ume being i am at the head of ?
-Ute nation, and~I regard you as ?
? loyal Texan* and as loyal Amer- .?
? leans, anxious to seo me on that ?
account. ? Prom an add rest by
+ President Taft.
- ? ?- -
J?L *** <>ARKIVATCr
Mr, C. R. Shafer, who was assault
ed and robbed several weeks ago, and
confined in a hospital here In conse
quence, has so far recovered as to
contemplate Joining the Bark**# Car
nival Company next week. The show
be In Orangeburg. 8. C.
DEATH OP ESTCHABUI LADY.
JJl'l .TT-rmrm ? r _ ? _
News has been reoeived here an
nounce* the death of Mm Suaan
I Rumley, of Beaufort, H: C.
R??ley, so well known in this I
THE OLO TIGEB "
MIKES II FIGHT
New York Election
All the Candidates Are Confi
dent?The Campaign Reach
ing a Climax ? The Betting
N'gw Yorlc. DcL 2VT
gr.n a light forHlfe today with the
mayorality election only eight days
away. The campaign of the three
candidates is reaching a climax.
More than 1,000 meetings for Otto
T. Bannard are on the Republican
program for the next ieten days, and
I the supporters of Judge William J.
! Qiynor.. Tammanj "candidate, aud "trf
William R. Hearst, the choice of the
c'vlc alliance, are by no means be
hind the Republicans in the number
of meeting^. ?
With the opening of the crucial
6pell of the flf?ht, each -candidate- is
m^re confident than ever of victory.
Herbert Parsons, president of the Re
publican committee, ? declared today
that a canvasB showed Bannard a vic
tor wlth-2^000 votes,- a much high
er estimate than any made heretofore
by the most enthusiastic Republican.
The civic alliance people claim that
Hearst will have not a mere plurality
but a majority. "Mr. Hearst ts-gafri
ing every day, and as b* wa*.in the
lead last week It is certain that he
will be elected," said Charles E. Geh
rlng, of the alllancfe^campalgn com-j
mlttee today, and to complete the
general sense of assurance the Tam
nothlng. to It but Judge Oaynor.
Charles F. Murphy, of Tammany
hall, as well as Judge Oaynor, de
j flounced the writer of a Magazine ar
ticle which declares that^ie Tam
many leaders have for thel^support
_exft ^*whlte slave" trafficker*^
The publication .of this article has
brought a new issue into tho cam
paign, the fusion speakers having
taken it up in their denunciation of
Man is Dead
I Last Saturday evening between
and 8 o'clock death entered the home
-81 .Mr-- Tind Mm. ntehard Dlxun ami
took the - hnsband-.- -The ? deceased
was born at Portsmouth, N. C.,
Tm3''-5r-;iac " itiifr UT~~TfIy ue nt'rrTnjy
In his 23d year. He moved to this
city about two years ago and ten
months agio was happily married to
one of Washington's pojUflar young
ladies. At the time of hifc-dfemlse he
was employed by the governmwjji ;
Tff- marine. He was a smart, indus
trious young man. and was well liketl^
i by all who knew him.
The funeral services took place
yesterday afternoon from his late res
idence, conducted ? by Rev. Robert
Hope, pastor of the Christian Church.
The burial was in Oakdale Cemetery ,
The following were the pallbearers.
.Mr. Dexter Willis. Mr. George Styron.
Mr. Jesse Pllly, Mr. Wesley Dudley,
Mr. Walter Wright and Mr. W. T.
iTetterton. ? ? I
The deceased loaves a wife and a
, host of friends to mourn their loss.
ISO I'M) OVER T((roiRT.
The Greenville Reflector says the
preliminary hearing of the matter be
tween J^ R. Hntchinps and fedttor D~
J.. WhThhard took, place b'ofoxe Mayor
[?Whudbsa yesterday afternoon Ex
amination being waived the case was
sent on to the Superior court of that
couutj. ^ * ? ?
Cleans Up Jail
Durham, Ocv 25, ? Th? champion
ac rapper that ths offleera have met
lately waa before the* recorder'* court
thla morning In the peraoa of one
Tiller, charged with an aaiault
'Tlllej waa arrested Saturday night
~bj Officer Hall and reaentod the man
. wiar^M.^coia ?otn?. "iii nl
?hen handcuffed and carried to the
0? tMa way h* broke the
hack. IMHii mimaeir j
by whipping all th?r eell-aiaui add '
again he tore out the Iro* work of i
~ LOSE 100; 300
| Seige Guns Captured
The Rebels Win a Battle ? The
Men Now Hold All the Atlantic
Coast Ports? Insurgents Hope
Bluefleras. ~Xtc3THgna. Ort: ? ?4.
The first importarit battle of the rev
olution occurred last Friday between
the forces of Gen. Chamorro and
1.000 of President Zelaya's troops.
Tht? scene of the engagement was on
the San Juan River below Boca de
San Carlos. The rebels won with
elight losses. The government forces
lose iwo Killed and 31)0 wounded.
The rebels captured two Krupp' siege
guns ar.d 400 riees.
News has been received from the
Interior to the effect that President
Zelaya Is recruiting and mobollzing
troop* at Managua. ? Apparently none
of his army is en route to the Atlan
tic coast. Gen. Chamorro Is advanc
ing slowly Into the interior, strength
ening his forces as he goes.
T.ast Atlantic Port is Won
Absolute order is maintained in
BlueQelds. Details of the capture of
Cape Graclas a Dlos by the Insur
gents Friday reached here yesterday
by the Emery company's steamer
Yulu. The port was won after an
hour's fighting with slight losses on
each side. The capture of this place
gives the rebels possession of the Atv
lantic coast and all the territory east
of the elghty-Qfth degree of longl
tuda, with the exception. o? about 50
miles along the San Juan River.
Recognition of the rebels as bel
ligerents by the United States is ex
. It Is reported here, without con
firmation, t^jpt the authorities of
Honduras haye seised the property of
slhe Puerto Polas Banana Company,
of New York. ?
Legation Has No Tidings.
The Xicarauguan legation in this
city was In the dark last night, so '
far as official information Is concern
ed regarding the victory of the revo
lutionists over the government forces
In Nicaragua. Minister Espir.osa said |
he had received ho advices from his'
government for several days relative
to the progress of the revolution, but i
| explained that this was probably due
lu l UU.U JlliwiliUI! hvrtnx Ul.UlUlUH
between the center of the uprising!
and the NJcaraug'uan'capitafc -
The N. C. Synod
The S'ortE" Carolina Synod. of the;
Presbyterian Church convenes at Red]
Springs this evening in the audi-]
toriuni of the Southerif Presbyterian !
College and Conservatory of Music. 1
This will be the second time the
synod has met at Red Springs.
According to the reports of the
eight presbyteries of the synod, as 1
saen in the 6tattetlcal statement in j
the minutes of the General Assembly,
there are 445 churches on Its roll. As
ea:h church is entitled to one repre
sentative in the court, and there are
203 ministers, K all the churches
should be ^presented and all the
ministers present- tire total enroll
ment would be 648. But the largest
enrollment has never equalled one
third ol the wholo. ? Thf fnlton. nt j
tendance ever seen at a meeting was
at the previous one hetd In thlH col
lege In when the enrollment
was 201. The meetlng'thls week may
be Cxnocted tn ho larger still. If two-':
thirds- of all tlw ministers should' at
tend and two-thirds of the churches
In the large Presbytery of Fayette
vllle, in the bounds of which the
synod meets, shouHrue-representwr.
the enrollment would be 196. To (his
estimate afumber of representatives
from churches in other presbyteries,
together with a possible presence of
an excess of two-thlrda of the minis
ters should be added.
The place of meeting is exception
ally eligible for a large attendance,
and the meeting of 1905 at the col
fact may have muefc to do with mak
ing this one larger still.
f lAI-M ?
' i* " ' tfcj
E. Chnreh WW1 cantlnu* tht?r nim-|
mmf Mb ant B?tun)?7, at Mr z.
|N. old lUnd, W?t Tb^
Was III for Sometime;
Justice Peckham of the IL S.
Supreme Court, Passes Away?
The Court Adjourns in Re
spect to His Memory.
Albany, N< Y-. 0< >. 35. ? R?f?w \V,
Peckham, associate justice of the
United. States Supreme Court. <lled at
S : 1 5 o'clock tonight at Coolmore, his
summer home at Altaznont. Albany
county. Death was due to a compli
cation of diseases, heart trouble,
Brfght's disease and hardening of the
arteries contributing. Justice Pert?
nam had beecMn lit Renin tr>r some
time but hlsCfondltlon was "not con
sidered serious until recently. ' Fol
lowing adjournment of the May term
of the United States Supreme Court
he came home froip Washington wittr
Mm. Peck ham to spend~the
at Altamont, expecting to returfi for
the beginning of the October term.
A few days ago his condition became
such that his physicians said he was
likely to die a* any time or might
?linger for severnl months. Up to a
few days ago Justice Peckham exhib
ited considerable Strength and wa3
able to be about the house. The cir
culatory disturbance which contrib
uted to his death was first noticed
about ^six years ago.
The announcement of the death of
Justice Peckham. while expected,
came as a shock to his assocjatea on
the bench ^nd in official circles and !
everywhere expressions of regret
Peckham' a Democrat.
Justice Peckham was a Democrat,
and before taking a seat on- the
bench, gave considerable attentlou "to
politics in New York. v He was born
in Albany, N. Y-. November S, 1838,
and had been on the bench. State and
the court of appeals of his- native
State, a position which hits father be
fore him had occupied.
"Mr. Peckham's f)r?t office was that
of district attorney for Albany coun
ty. He was elected to that position
in 1S6S. He afterwards became In
successon corporation counsel for the
city or AlbaRjT member of the Su
preme Court of the State and asso
ciate justice of the State court of ap
?4M.II1.1 U*. H-aclh.. he r?f
Cleveland's Democratic appointees to j
the Federal Supreme CourL Chief
-IiigHyg Fuller ailfl Justice Whl te .be-J
ing the other ti&p. He took his ?eat"
In January, 1S9C.
-Washington. Oct. 25. ? The United!
State*- Supreme Court, which am at
.noon todav and atljonrned immeri.
ately thereafter until next Monday In |
respect to the memory of the late I
Justice Rufus M. Peckham. who died
yesterday at his summer homo at Al
tamont. N. Yr The entir? court wJll
attend the funeral.
On the convening of the court ChTeT
Just-Ice Fuller formally announced
the fact of Mr. Justice Peckham's
death, and expressed. tbe deep regret
of the court at his demise. ^
Already rumor is busy with the
names of men who may be chosen as
successor to the dead jurist. Those
most prominently mentioned include
Judge Horace Harmon Lurton, of
Nashville, Tonn.. afTfresenUa "Jirag*"
of the United States Circuit Court for
the Sixth judicial circuit. He is a
rinsA friend of President Taft and
served with him on the bench when
Mr. Taft was on the ctrcutt bench.
TTO? uT~a TJmmrrrrrr birr hfcr-appoint
ment* as successor to Justice Mrown
on the Supreme Court bench was
sfFCngTy urged upon Presidpnt Roose
velt.- when Mr. Taft was Secretary V?f
Ttie Red Med Will Hold an Im
pressive Memorial Service
-"Nfrt Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock
opera house, the Improved
ALL READY FOR
THE TRIP DOWN
Guest of Business Men
Governors, Senators, Congress
men and Foreign Diplomats
Have Arrived at St. Louis and
Ready for the Trip.
Bt-; ? I?ouis. ? 0rtr ? 2?t- ' Governor?,
senators, congressmen, ai;d foreign
diplomats arrived today and tonight
to board steamboats to make the trip
on the Mississippi River to New Or
leans to attend the La kes-to-t he-Gulf
Deep Waterways Association's con
vention. The arrivals are suests of
'the Business Men's league of St.
Four torpedo boats, which have
been here since October l . got away
early today, and will await the fleot
carrying rhe deep waterway dele
T^aTes at Mem pb 1b.
"HIP UlUUHUl'l. LIU' HUU'I IHllL'tll
lighthouse tender on which President
Taft will travel, was today made a
floating White "House. Everything
| the President will need after he em
barks at 5 o'clock tomorrow evening .
for a four and a half days' trip, waaK
placed on board today.
W. K. Kavanaugh. president of the
association, tonight announced that
the steamer St. Paul, carrying the
governors, will have the place of
honor next to the Oleander, from St.
Louis to Helena. Ark., where the
Qulncey. carrying senators and repre
sentatives, wjtf take the St. Paul's
plve in the column.
On the congressional boat a legisla
tive halfwits' installed so that Speak
er Wnnon can hold mock sessions of
Congress. Speaker Cannon arrived
at East St. Louis tonight. * He will re
main there until he crosses the river
with President Taft tomorrow. He
and Vice President Sherman, who ar
rives tofcnorrow, will be guests of
honor at the dedication exerctSes^Pf?
i the new Federal building in East Bt.
| Louis. -
1 A daily newspaper will be printed
on one of . the newspaper boats. A
fast launch will vbe used by the re
porters in gathering the news from
the fleet of 22 boats. The first stop
on the trip will be made at Cape
Girardeau, Mo., before sunrise Tues
? ; >n?n; Nvi:niiiv<i. ?
Mr. I. M. Harrison and Mrs. Ma-1
linda E. Brown were married last
East Water street, at S:3Q o'clock.
The ceremony was performed In the
presence of a few friends by Rev.
Nathaniel Harding, rector of the
Th" crnftm i? n
"CliI?TO?i41 I nnrcn. &n<ra_mah"held in
the highest esteem. The. bride is a
lady with many friends.
AT THE OPERA
The Arcadian Musical Company
Will Appear? Is Highly
The Arcadian Musical Comedy Co.,
one of Broadway's latest successes,
pronounced by all to be the best show
of the season, ^TTI be the attraction
at fhe opera house this evening. The
Manhattan Newstwyyw Quartette ?
said to be the greatest attraction
traveling in the South. Be suro and
see Carroll, the greatest lm person ft
tor on the American stage. Miss
White, in her dancing and singing,
is pronounced a success wherever
seen. Mr. Coppiugttx, the tavorlte
comedian, In his many specialties.
There will be a chorus of pretty girls
ip costumes of the latest productions.
The New Born Journal of yesterday
says that this cojpp&ny presented one
of the best uh<5wls soeit In that city
New Ail vet liMiiitnts
in Today's News
? J. K. Hoyt ? Ribbons.
Rabriglit Liniment. ? ?
? Boathera Parnltara Oo. ? Rack's ?