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BURNT CLAY R0AD3.
'.An Economical Method of Good nigh
Congress some time npo established
an ottlro o( public roads, which It In
structed to conduct experiments and
devlne methods for Improving theroada
of the United States. Tbe office has
done a great deal to arouse Interest
throughout the rulted States lu the
necessity of good roads and has orig
inated several means of making good
roads economically. The latest dis
covery is that of burning clay roads
In large areas In the south, particu
larly In the valleys of the Mississippi
and Its tributaries, sedimentary clays
are found very generally, says William
L. tipoon. a government road expert.
In these areas there Is little or no sand,
and the clays are of a particularly plas
tic aud sticky variety. These sticky
claya are locally known as "gumbo"
WOOD AMD CLAY HEADY FOR FIIilNQ.
and "luickshot." In such localities
truttlc Is absolutely Impossible during
the wet season, as the wheels of heavy
vehicles will sink to the hub. In order
to overcome this difficulty the office of
public roads undertook an Investiga
tion of ' the matter. Speciul experi
ments were carried on In the labora
tory to see what could be done In the
way of burning or clinkerlng these
cluys ho as not only to destroy their
plastic qualities, but also so far as
possible to farm hard, bricklike lumps
which Hhould be capable of sustaining
traffic. Samples of the material were
sent from the Yazoo district in Missis
sippi to the laboratory, aud the dluker
ing point or the clay was found to be
sufficiently low to Indicate that simple
burning of the lumpy clays upon the
road surface by means of open wood
fires would accomplish the desired re
sult. Following these laboratory ex
periments It was decided to' make ex
periments on n road, and tt can be stat
ed tbut this experimental road is prov
ing highly satisfactory.
CtuuiIio clay is black owing to the
liigh percentage of organic or vegeta
ble matter It eantalns. It la particu
larly sticky in Its nature and Is almost
wholly free from sand and grit. After
It bus been burned, however, the plas
ticity Is eutirely destroyed nud a light
cllnkor U formed which, though not
particularly hard, when pulverized
forum a smooth surface and seems to
wear well. It should be understood
that not all of the clay out of which
the road Is to be constructed Is to be
blinkered, but only a sufficient amount
should be rendered nonplastle to neu
tralise the too sticky character of the
native clay. Fortunately tbe gumbo
district Is plentifully covered with
heavy timber, thus affording an abun
dance of fuel.
While the only
. experimental burnt
clay road constructed by the office was
In Mississippi, tbe same methods
might be applied with equally good re-
' tfMlltll in tha nwl nng nf Ihn nn ria
X stutes that huve no !ber material
available for road buildincr.
muvu wuuu wyw, as ui; auu wvji
-should be provided before beelnnlne
: tbe work and stacked at convenient In
; tervals along tbe side of tbe road.
About one cord of wood has been
round necessary for eight linear feet
of roadbed twelve feet wide. The
wood may be cut either to four, eight
or twelve foot lengths. Brushwood, If
It Is dry, as well as chips, barb, old
fence rails and railroad ties,, coal slack
In fact, any sort of fuel that can be
easily and economically obtained may
be used to advantage with the cord
Rural Delivery Notes
Morristown, Intl., boasts of one of
tho very few women rural route car
riers In Indiana. She Is Miss Pearl
Lane, daughter of John Lane.
One rural free delivery carrier In Llt
tlcstown, Pa., recently found In tho
mall boxes on his route 120 pennies to
pay for unstamped letters deposited
with them. When the weather Is cold
oid the sleet bears In, the coins freeze
to tho bottom of the boxes. Tbe weary
carriers now want Uncle Sam to pro
hibit this method of paying postage.
George Frock, carrier for route No. 0
at Ilule, Mo., has purchased an auto
mobile, which be ill use for deliver
ing his daily mail. This is In keeping
with the great progressive age lu
I which we are living all right, but It
i still remains u question whether an
automobile can be used successfully on
i the winter roads In th section of Hale.
The artistic wblttler living along a
rural delivery route who may construct
a letter box of wood with the use of
his jackknlfe and a cigar box will have
his pains for his trouble, says a Wash
ington dispatch. Postmaster General
ortelyou recently Issued an order per
mitting patrons of rural routes to make
their' own boxes, subject to the approv
al of the department. It was specified
that the boxes should be of iron or
tfteel. Tbe Impression, however, has
got abroad that any old box will do.
BRYAN IS COMING.
The Silvrr-Toiiufd Orator ot Nebraska
Accepts Invitation to Speak at Cen
tral Carolina Fair at (ireensboro in
Gieensboio, Aug 5. William
Jennings Bryan, twice the nominee
of the Democratic patly for Presi
dent of the United Sturex, 1ms ac
cepted an invitation to come to
Greensboro aud epeak at the (Jen
t;al Carolina Fair next October.
Mr. Bryan will come into the
State on Monday, sppiikuiy; at the
Charlotte Chatauqua, and the day
of the fifteenth will probubly be
taken by some other city, lie comes
to Greensboro the sixteenth, which
is Wednesday, addresses the peop e
at the fair grounds in the forenoon,
going on to Raleigh, where he
speaks before the State Agricultural
Society on Thursday afternoon.
Hoard of duration Meets Prof Vault
County Sunt, of Schools.
Davidson county's new board of
Education couipo-itd of Messrs. B. J.
Huirison, S. H. Avcivtt and U. L.
Burkhead met lasc week and elected
Mr. Burkhead Chairman. I'rof.
P. 8. Van n, principal of Libert)
Institute, Wuliburg, county superin
tendent, at a salary of $750 a year,
which is an increase of $100. Prof.
Vann will give liH entire time to
the county schools until his own
school opens, after which he will
ive half his time until Januan
seventeen townships in Davidson
county give a gam in property valu
ation of $490,718 over the lust as
sessment. In Lexington there wag
a decrease ot $9,973, on ao ount-of
the removal of the W. E. Holt
propertiis to Washington.
P. of. A. II . Olive, of Thomas,
ville, who has just completed a
course in chemistry at Cornell
University, has been elected to the
Chuir of Chemistry in Howurd
College, Birmingham, Ala.
Manager J. F. HayuVn, of tne
I'homasville Telephone Co., has a
force of bands at work installing
a cable system.
The New South Art Company is
the Lt; t industrial organization
for Lexington, Messrs. V. II.
Walker, J. V. Crowell aud J. T.
lledrick are behind the enterprise.
Preparations began last week for
erecting a building. The firm will
manufacture and job mirrors and
picture frames and mouldings.
Mr. David S. Lon, of Thomas
Yille, who has been working in the
Elk furniture factoy, m LxipgJtoQ,
had the misfortune to"Iose all his
fingers and pait of his thumb on
his left hand, last week, while oper
ating the shaper machine.
The hearing of the Metal Bed Co.
case was continued from Asheboto
to Statesvilie and was finished last
Monday. The result is that Messrs.
Z. I. Walser and Wade H. Phillips
have been appointed to wind the
Educating the Boys.
, The farmer who is in a position
to send bis boys to college to study
for any of the learned professions
medicine, law, or what not usually
considers that the boys who. stay at
home to work tbe farm can find all
the necessary education they need in
the common school. It is bow an
accepted view that in all departments
of human effort the educated man
has a decided advantage. There is
no occupation in which more npw
theories and speculations and more
problems are constantly arising than
on the farm. Scientific farming to
day under the methods developed at
the experiment stations and practical
men everywhere is no more kin to
the old haphazard kind than the
wheelbarrow resembles the modem
locomotive. The farmer who works
without a knowledge of the laws of
plant and animal growth aid of soil
fertility is like. the sailor navigating
the seas without compass or rudder.
He merely sails before the breeze, but
but when tha storm comes and shoals
appear his vessel is wrecked. M. V.
Richards iu Southern Farm Maga.
Tlir Egg Cure Frlous.
A Chicago doctor says that for the
last 15 years he has yet to see a oase
it will uot cure. The way to apply
the egg is as follows: Take a fresh
egg and crack the shell at the large
end. Make a hole just largetnough
toudiuttthe thumb or fore finger
whichever it may be, and force it
into the egg as far as possible with
out rupting the shell. Wipe off the
egg which runs out and bind a hand
kerchief or soft cloth around the fin
ger or thumb, leaving the egg on
over night. This wiil generally cure
in one application. Rock Hill Herald.
A Wood Uargle.
Salt and water makes an excellent
gargle for weak throats, if used be
fore going to bed at night. Public
speakers, singers and those who have
to read aloud will find it very effect-
Crops are looking tine in this sec
tiou, notwithstanding the dry weath
er. Prof. J. R. Holt is conducting a
siuging school at Love Joy. The
attendance so far is very good. j
Mi. and Mrs. I). R. Rcyuolds arej
visitn.g relatives iu Stanly this1
Mrs. Eveiet McGhee who has been j
eiy sick, is improving -
Mr. Henry Reynolds is on the
sick list this week.
Children's day at Love Joy wa- a
success. The students deserve hoti
o. for the interest they took in the
exercit-e and the maimer in which
they rendered thur pices.
Mr. V. C. Crauford, of Uharrie,
and Miss Fannie Moore, of Queen,
were happily united in matrimony
ou the 21s. Eeq.VV. H. Heynolds
officiating. Mr. Oranf jid is a young
man of good motal character and is
worthy of a good womau. Miss
Moore is of eiual standing. The
Bride was beautifully arrayed in
white satin and the Groom in a navy
bh e broad cloth which made the
srvue a very tasty one. The bridal
company consisted of the following:
Mr. W.'E. Warner and Miss Villa
Ci uufoid, Mr. H. F. Moore and Miss
Iua Sir ckland, Mr D.v. Hamilton
and Miss Gem- Cranford, Mr. D. H.
Hall and Miss Purn C:auford, Mr. M.
U. Cianford and Miss Alice Warner.
All seemed to oea very jolly crowd.
The happy pair will make their
home in Uwiiarrie township. We
wish for them a long ui.d happy
voyage o'er the sea of life.
My Hair is
Do you like it? Then why
be contented with it? Have
to be? Oh, no! Just put on
Ayer's Hair Vigor and have
long, thick hiir; soft, even
hair. But first of all, stop
your hair fim coming out.
Save what you have. Ayer's
Hair Vigor wi'.l not disappoint
you. It feeds the hair-bulbs;
makes weak hair strong.
The best kind eta testimonial
" Bold lor ovur sixty years."
Uo mnnuAMturcra of
, Koinanr.u of Success.
Describing ihe rise of Thomas F.
Ryan in the August Everybody's,
Cullies EJward l'utsell says:
"Hire wa3 the poor boy facing t! e
Aorld alone, and none wn nonrei.
The Ifyans, and old family of Nel
son County, Virginia, an old fami!y
of the indomitable Scotch-Irish
strain, had been utt-ily i lined by
the Cival War. The old estate
swamped with debt; the wolf look
ing in at the window ; the boy, six
teen or seventeen years old, left
alone with his aged grandmother;
l he problem of dai y bread . real and
uncompromising before them : all
this sounds ike the first chapters of
an old time romance, and yet it is
but a recital of biographical facts.
And tlerj is more to come, as if
culled deliberately from the roseate
fiction of our youth. The poor boy,
striving to battle with the depress
ing siuiaciou, wins his way to the
great city (in this instance, Balti
more), to'look for work. From one
place after another he is turned
coldly away. Still he persists. At
last, almost at evening, he enters a
dry-goods stcre. The proprietor
needs an errand boy. He er gages
young Thomas, whose looks please
him, to go to weric ihe next morning
at seven o'clock. Young Thomas
takes off his cap and hangs it on a
peg. He says:
" 'If you please, sir, I would rath
er go to work now,' and seizing a
broom begins to sweep out.
"Does it not sonnd like a page
from tbe old Fourth Reader?
" 'What are you doing there, little
boy?' asked the good banker, looking
over the counter.
'"Picking np pins, sir,' said Henry.
And on the last page ne is taken in
to partnership and marries the
"Do not smile. It is all sober
earnest and part of the record of a
sober, earnest life. The errand boy
labors early and late at $ a week.
Presently he becomes a salesman.
Then he is taken into partnership.
Eventually he marries the proprie
tor's daughter. I is the very apo
theosis of commercial romance."
The best time to sow seeds of
many biennials and perennials is du
ring August. Notably, pauties, tardy
pinks, columbiae, hollyhocks, del
phinium, perennial sunflower, Can
terbury bell and sweet william.
Make the surface of the soil smooth
with a rake, and remove any lumps
or stones which may be in the top
inch of the soil. If the soil be p or.
sprinkle it with enough bone-meal to
whiten the surface, working it in.
Or, still better, a two-inch dressing
of very old manure, bla:k a3 earth.
After sowing the seeds, arm the soil
with piece of board or back of a
spade, water it well with a sprinkler,
and if not iu a semi-shaded location,
provide some means of shading. A
lath-covering is good, spacing the
laths with their width between. A
strip of common unbleached ninsliil,
attached to four substantial stakes
at the coi ners of the bod, is a good
device. From "The Garden in Mid
summer" in The Ladies' World for
Bed bugs will entirelv disappear
where quicklime (dry) is used.
Wash all places with salt water, then
where the slats rest, ends of slats
and all crevices at baseboards filled
with the lime is the best remedy.
Sweet, and no poison to keep away
from the children.
Be Klinl to Your Aged Parents.
C. A. (1. T., In Wingute Me seneer.
The following on caring for aged
parents, is strong and timely. It was
published in the Religions Herald
by request Dec. 13, 1906. It is
worthy of a wiu reading in this day
when so many of the young think the
aged have outlived their usef"lne?s:
"By iome,aged parents are con
sidered a burden, of which they
would gladly rid themselves. We
often see these persons treat parents
unkindly, apparently forgetting the
debt of love and gratitude which
they owe to their father and mother.
Ah! how ungrateful is the human
heart! How apt is it to become
cold and hardened toward those
whom it once loved with the tender-
tst, holiest afftction. Was it not
ijoor mother who watched over you
j in the hours ot infancy? Was it not
, she w ho spent so many sleeples.,
I nights by your side as you lay
in your little bed, suffering
iroul uiseasewnicn sne ie..reu might
take the loved one from her sight?
And, when the danger was past,
knelt and fftred a prayet of thanks
giving to God for his great kindness
in sparing the life of her darling?
She has prayed for you all through
bygone years, and she prays for you
still. It was she who taught yon to
say your eimple prayer each e.ening
as you knelt beside her knee. Oh,
how you loved her then! Every
childish care and sorrow was poured
into her listeuing ear, and you ever
found in her a sympathizing friend
"And your fathei! Do you not
remember when yi u used to stand
at the window aud watch his coming
from the field, where he had labored
hard all day long that you might
not want? And, when the evening
meil was over, then he took you on
his knee, told you pretty sto ies, and
called you his precious child? And
that, when you came to be of the
proper age, he sent you to school
that jou might obtain in education
and prepare yourself to become wise
and useful, and be an honor to
yourself and to the world? Have
you foigotten all thit? It cannot be.
."Stop and think what you do
when you pronounce your father
and mother bui dens. Consider that
the vigor of life is gone, that they
have become weak and dependent,
and that their poor old hearts need
cheering by kind words and pleas
ant smiles. The shadows of their
lives are lengthening their sun is
about to set. Then be carefm that
you cause no cloud to setMe and ob
scure the glory of that sunset."
"Your father's growing lil.
His sight jg very dim;
He leans on bis faithful staff,
For lie's weak in every limlj,
HU eyes are well nigh told,
Hi earthly hopes are fled,
He soiiu will Bluniher eold,
Among the silent dead,
' Your mother's old, weak,
I If r locks are thin aud gray;
Her aged form is bent,
She will to in pass away,
Tho (Mm who loves you ever,
You shall never nee more.
I'nlil wm cross the river,
And stand on the other shore.
"Be kind to the old folks, then,
They've done enough for you;
They've braved the storms of life,
With pirits strong and true;
Ami now. when age has come,
Ami earthly hopes have lied,
Oh, share with them your home.
An. I eheer their dying lied."
For broken dishes, take well-sifted
ashes. Mix with yolk of eggs, mak
ing a stilt mixture. Two yolks aitd
a half teacup of ashes will mend sev
eral broken pieces. Spread the ce
ment m parts broken with a table
knife, press them together and leave
seveivl days to dry. I have a little
bowl and plate that I mended in that
way. 1 use them aud wash them
same as other dishes.
CURES Efciisi "' vlT'duV?
irormarlr Ttartl Oil)
LARGEST AND BEST FOR 25c
HEALS WITHOUT SCAR
P Wound Poisoning,
Infltmstion, Pain, Sonntii
MONEY SAVER IN HOME AND STABLB
L. RICHARDSON, Mfe. Chemist
GREENSBORO, N. C.
I fsOxford Weather
Hiffh time for low-outs.
But no time for high-priced
The CROSSETT is moderate
ly priced, but is more than a
moderately good shoe. It is
positively the largest value for
the money in this town. Below
this price $4.50 quality balks;
above it, quality adds only fads
and fr'lls. But for sound, solid
worth, the CROSSETT is your
It fits it feels good it walks
and wears v e!l and it's natty.
What more can you ask for
This new Blucher Oxford has
dull kid tops, patent vamp, mili
A CORRECT, COOL,
Why subject your money to the dangers of fire or
burglary, when you might easily deposit with the bank.
Give us your checking account and if you have money
that is idle, we will pay you 4 per cent, interest on it.
We offer you every inducement consistent with safe
and legitimate banking.
BANK of RAMSEUR,
--RAMSEUR, N. C.
W. H. Watkins, Pres't,
H. B. Carter, Vice-Pres't,
R. I. Smith, Cashier,
I. F. Craven, Ass't.
Keep their money in this Bank that thev
may have it within easy reach when needed;
some keep it here awaiting opportunities for
investment; others to avoid the risk and an
noyance of loaning and as an investment.
4 PER CENT. INTEREST ON SAVINGS
DEPOSITS. COMPOUNDED QUARTERLY.
BANK OF SOUTH GREENSBORO, BORaNx
Branch of American Exchange Bank.
E. P. Wharton, Pres. E. L. Sides, Cash.
Business Men Wise