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OFF THE STAGE
Characteristic Incidents In the
Famous Actor's Life.
SHYLOCK HIS BOYHOOD ROLE
.Striking Prediction of British Biahop
Who Saw Him Act at School Dark
1 Daya When Ha Dined Off Smell An
Enemy' Sincere Compliment Kind-
' nasi to a Child.
When the late IUchard Mansfield, the
greatest exponent of Shakespearean
drama In the United States and one
of the best known actors on the Ameri
can stage, was at school In England
the boys gave a performance of "The
Merchant of Venice," Mansfield acting
Bhylock. The bishop of LlttleCeld
was a guest that day, and at the con
clusion of the play he asked the youth
ful Shylock to come forward so that
he might speak to him, says the New
York Globe. Shaking the boy's hand,
"Heaven forbid that I should encour
age you to become an actor, but should
you, if I mistake not, you will be a
Many years later an interviewer
asked the nctor what he thought of
"Since Garrick's time there has been
no actor but myself," replied the actor
Where the reporter's sense of humor
was it is hard to tell, for he wrote
up Mr. Mansfield as a terrible example
of theatrical egotism. Evidently he
completely missed the twinkle in the
Self possesion, which he had
learned In adversity, never deserted
him. As an example, too, of his hu
mor, if rightly understood, It is told
that at the end of one of the acts the
manager, then Mr. Palmer, came into
Mr. Mansfield's dressing room. "Young
man. you are acting superbly," he said.
"That's what I am here for. You
must excuse me; I am very busy," and
Mansfield proceeded with his makeup,
touching up the lines of his face for
hla third act.
"Can't you see how it is done?" he
once said to a "super."
"Yes, sir," refilled the man. "but if
I could do It like that I would not be
working for $3 a week." "Three dol
lars a week," said the actor musingly.
"Weil, if you only get $3 a week yjou
can do it any way you like."
Following is the actor's own story
of his early career told to some friends
In New York several years ago:
"I went on the stage because I was
poor. I had an excellent education
and started life us an artist. I was
living in Boston and had many friends,
bo I sold every picture I painted as
oon as it was finished, but soon my
list of friends began to decrease, and
with every picture I sold I logt a
friend until at last I had not a com
panion left and no market for my
wares, and I returned to London.
"You know what the life of a young
painter is like. I hud to give up my
art aud.jjo into business, but at the
end of n year I made a dismal failure
and returacd to art. But I made no
money and was so poor that I could
not pay for my lodgings. Sometimes
the landlady would shut me out, and
then I would wander through the
streets all night and sing ballads. If I
got a few pennies I would invest them
in hot potatoes, and after thoroughly
warming my hands and pockets I
would proceed to make a meal and
warm my stomach."
A grim smile stole over his face at
this thought, and then he added:
"Some people wonder why I am not
one of the boys. They do not know
that I have been through It all. Be
fore Beerbohm Tree ever thought of
going on the srtnge I stood among the
cabbages In the market nt 4 o'clock in
the morning singing songs. My great
chum in those days was young Hep
worth Dixon. Sometimes we used to
elug together, and often when his fa
ther would shut him out be would
come to spend the night with me
That was before my landlady locked
me out. At that period of my life I
often dined on smells. There was a
famous brewery on Cheapside, and I
used to go there every morning be
cause I thought the smell of bops
strengthening. For a second course I
(would stand In front of a butcher
chop, then the baker's.
' "Sometimes for days I lived on
smells, but once in awhile I was lucky
enough to receive an invitation to dine
jwlth some of my friends at the Savage
club. I was one of the original mem
tiers, and the only time In my life that
I ever got drunk was there. Receiv
ing an invitation to dine, with eager
steps I hastened to the club as fast as
Boy weak condition would permit, but
iny strength gave out, and I arrived
Bust after the last course had been
cleared away. The boys were drink
ing wine, and foolishly I joined them
md was soon as 'drunk as a lord.' -
UThe first time I was ever on any
age was at a German read, all the
kage when I was a young man. It
Was an entertainment something like
the theater, only all love was expugned
from the two short plays that consti
jtuted the performance. To give It a
semblance of parlor entertainment
(there was always piano music between
(the plays, and so it was that bishops
land ministers of the church attended
kind applauded. Young Hop worth had
k great deal qt influence In society,
land once when one of the performers
fen a German read was taken ill be ob
tained the position for me. Faint with
hunger, I approached tbe piano. I at
tempted to play, was too weak and
fainted dead away, falling forward on
the keys. I was dismissed and for
some time longer coutluued to starve.
"Few persons know that my play
'Monsieur' is taken from life my own.
The critics object to my writing plays
now, but once I wrote n sketch for a
German read and had it returned with
the remark that It was excellent, but
contained too much love and might of
fend some of their patrons. So I was
out that much writing paper.
"At last, in despair, I called on W. S.
Gilbert nud asked him to use his influ
ence in my liehalf. He took a fancy to
me, and when Tina fore' was finished
I was sent out In the provinces as Sir
Joseph Porter, and under D'Oyly
Carte's stingy management I played
the leading role In the opera for three
years at a salary of 3 a week. One
day I determined to go to London and
try my luck. I had become a great
favorite in the provinces, so without a
peuny more than my fare I boarded
the train. The company all came to
see me off. I was universally liked
then, but things are different now. I
don't know why.
"As the train was rolling out an eld
erly lady, a member of our company,
thrust a paper Into my hand. It was
a five pound note, a small fortune to
one of that company. I returned It
soou afterward and have often looked
for the old lady to give her nu engage
ment. She was n crank. Only cranks
cio kind deec'.s in real life.
"I made a success in London and
have never known real want since."
When Uiihard Mansfield traveled he
traveled in state. He had a train of
his Own for the company and produc
tion. He enjoyed indulging himself
in quizzical whims when speeding
across the country, and many n good
story is told of the Munsileld tour, says
the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
One day Mr. Mansfield's special
train of nine cars was whipping
through Kansas, running west from
Kansas City. The actor's own private
car was. against bis usual custom, at
tached to the extreme rear of the
train, so that, like a whiplash, it got
the full benefit of all the speed.
Three of the star's Kansas City
friends were diulng with him in his
car. He was on his way to open in
Denver, and they had come out a cou
ple of hundred miles from the Kaw
to wish him good speed on his west
ern trip. The whole party was at the
table, and Mr. Mansfield was lifting a
spoonful of soup to his Hps when the
train plunged round a sudden curv.
The effect was somewhat disconcert
ing, and Mr. Mansfield called his old
"Jefferson," he said, "I would like
to speak to the conductor."
The conductor came back through
the train, took off his cap and asked
what was wanted.
"How fast Is the train running just
now?" asked the actor.
"About sixty-eight miles an hour,
"Well, aren't you afraid," purred the
tragedian, "that my guests will get In
digestion by eating so fast?"
The conductor went forward, and la
a few minutes the speed of the train
Mansfield had, like many other men,
a host of enemies. One of these ene
mies paid him a very sincere compU
ment a few years ago, says the Chi
Mr. MausiH'kl was playing in "Beau
caire," 'and the enemy, a stage car
penter, peered at him from the wings
of n Cleveland theater, scornfully at
first, but gradually less scornfully. And
as the act progressed the carpenter,
though be hated the actor, became
more and more absorbed. He stood si
lent and rigid. He watched every ges
ture; he observed every iiitoutition of
the star. And finally, wlieu the cur
tain fell, be exclaimed, with flushed
cheeks and a little tremor In his voice:
"Darn him, that man could act a
When Mansfield was playing "Rich
ard HI." a little girl in his company
acting the jwrt of the Prince of Wales
was taken seriously ill, says John R.
Rathom In the Chicago Record-Herald.
He st once sent the child to a
private hospital, brottgtit her mother
to look after her there and continued
her salary, besldeo footing all the bills.
As the weeks went on the child grew
worse, and it was seen tkat she could
not recover. Her one sorrow was that
she bad not seen Mr. Mansfield play
Beau Brummol. They told him of her
wish, and one day when the company
wan filling an engagement ISO miles
away he slipped aboard a train, bun
dled In a heavy overcoat and a few
hours later was at the bedside of the
When he took his coat off the doc
tors and nurses saw that be had bis
complete Beau Brummel costume on
underneath It. Then be began to a at
some of the principal scenes of the
play, the little patient watching him
In quiet delight. He slipped back and
rejoined his company just in time for
the opening of the next night's per
formance. None of them knew till
months later what he had done.
This Is not an Isolated Instance.
Members of his companyand his other
associates who knew him best know
of many such and do not tire of tell
ing of them.
Bear Shooting From Motor Car.
nuntlng and shooting bear from a
motor car Is quite ultra progressive
even for Puluth people, but that is
what Edward Fillntrault and Victor
Hnot have been doing with success on
the Miller trunk road near the White
race and Paleface rivers. Fays tiie Du
Intll News-Tribune. A' bear was shot
by Mr. 1'ill.itrault from his seat In the
uiuctlne near the Paleface river.
CLYDE FITCH ON MANSFIELD I
Real Actor Whose Glory Will Always
Remain His Own, Says Playwright.
Clyde Fltch, the playwright, when
asked for his personal opinion of the
late Richard Mansfield, the distinguish
ed actor, said:
"My first feeling upon hearing of the
death of Mr. Mansfield Is one of per
sonal grief. My thoughts go back to
the production of 'Beau Brummel,'
Lwhlch started me on my career.
"Nooouy was ever pusning unn oy
the elbow. Ills was a marked and
special case. Mansfield stood absolute
ly alone. Booth and Jefferson held
their places by love us well as by
what they had accomplished, but Jef
ferson did not accomplish what Mans
field did. Mansfield did tit have a
lovable or affectionate personality. His
was intellectual achievement, but he
had ills own magnetism, which made
the few who did love him love him
first and last.
"He was a genius. The very things
for which he was criticised were the
marks of genius. He was a powerful
egoist, and that made It difficult for
him in the management of his people.
I have seen him play every part In a
rehearsal to show his people hor each
part should lie played, and yet he al
most paralyzed them. But he would
have loved to be loved. Ho was too
big a man to stoop, to little saccharine
tricks to win affection.
"He was a real actor, a real artist,
aud big in both. W cannot compare
him with anybody. Although a mag
nificent character actor, be was too
complex to lie limited by any such
definition, for he was as great 1. tragic
power. Ills Richard III. was the finest
1 have ever seen. No mere clmrncter
actor could have done his Peer Gynt.
"There was uo emotion that be
could mt express. Although finished
and subtle in his work, he li.l a
tremendous force which shot through
everything he did, giving angles to his
acting. I do not say that critically.
The angles belonged there. At first
lie fought everybody the public, ac
tors, critics, managers mil players
not because of any small irritability,
but from a big need of friction that In
the history of the world has always
been necessary to the accomplishment
of really great things. No one gets
anywhere worth going If the road is
too easy. It was that that made blm
"The noble place he made fur himself
In the theater must stay empty. Sure
ly other actors will accomplish in their
way what be did In his, but Richard
j Mansfield's glory will always remain
WORLD'S ANGLING RECORD.
R. J. Held Casts Quarter Ounce
j Bait 131 Feet 6 Inches.
j Members of the Anglers' club of New
York did some great bait casting in
j the semimonthly competitions of the
: club at tbe pool In Central park the
other day, says the New York Times.
't In casting for distance with the quar
j ter ounce halt a new world's record,
I not only for amateurs, but professlon
. nls, was made by Dr. R. Johnson neld.
j who, from scratch, cast the bait 131
feet G inches. II. Freeman, with n
handicap, was second, with 120 feet 0
inches. Dr. Held averaged 121 1-10
feet, which is also a new record.
With the half ounce bait, E. Care,
one of the big handicap men, bad the
liest cast, 107 feet, with M. H. Smith
Novo! Railroad Scheme.
Turkey is going to build a railway on
postage stamps. Wide awake phllate-
I lists will provide the sleepers and the
, rails, suys the London Express. The
I scheme says nothing of the ballast
The Turkish government will dispose
j during September of a collection of
! government stamps numbering 17,000,
, (NX). The collection ciutalns specimens
' of current stamps of tbe realm and
also specimens which are valuable
from a collector's polut of view. There
are also a number of eastern Roume
Ilan stamps. The sale will be by ten
der. Each Turkish embassy and lega
tion is aupplled w ith albums contain
ing specimens of the stamps and also
copies of the conditions of sale. The
proceeds of the sale will form a nu-
J clous for the building fund of tbe new
. railway to be constructed between
1 Damascus and Beirut.
Seeking Fire Fighters For Panama.
A letter has been received from the
secretary of the Pnuama canal com
mrssiou by Chief Engineer James R.
Hopkins of the Somervllle (Mass.) fire
department, tbe oldest fire chief in the
country, requesting that he recom
mend men for firemen at Panama,
says the Boston Transcript. The men
wanted must lie between the ages of
twenty-one and thirty-five, and they
are to receive $100 a month, with free
transportation from New York to New
Orleans and six weeks' vacation each
year. Since the fact became known
that the veteran chief was appointed
I a scout for the Panama fire department
he bos lieen besieged with Tequests
from young men, all ambitious to go to
Irrigation Congress Innovation.
A novel feature of the fifteenth na
tional irrigation congress, which will
be held in Sncrnmeuto, Cal., will be
I the singing of the "Irrigation Ode" by
the Mormon taliernacle choir, says the
New York Tribune. The choir, which
is composed of 200 trained voices, is
rarely heard outside of the great Mor
mon tnbeniacles ot4Ogden and Salt
IjtUe City. The singers will be taken
to the congress. by the Utah delega
tion, and their attendance will lie an
express-ion of the enthusiasm of the
people of that state for the Irrigation
Movement. An expenditure of $10,00
EVERYTHING HAS TWO SIDES.
A Statesvllle Lawyer Takes Issue With
Views Expressed to Law Applicants
by Chief Justice Clark.
The other day Chief Justice
CLrk made a speech to the appli
cants for law license in which he
fook occasion to pay his respects to
the study of tbe common and the
civil law. Hi informed tbe class
that the questions pronounced by
the court were calculated to test
their knowledge of tbe law aa it ex-
ists today, and not what it was 150
years ago in Blaoketone's days.
Ibe plain inference from ois
talk was that a study of the ele-
mentry principles of the common
law was a waste of time and energy.
i ne speech, sounded piettv good
to laymen, but a lawyer friend who
bad nist read it and who called our
attention to it, saiu: "Judge Clark
gave the class bad advice when he
depreciated the study of the common
law. His illustration about the
study of law and medicine was par
ticularly unfortunate. What would
you think of a medical (xamintr,
su:d the judge, who would quiz his
class about the doses of Essulapius
aud thatothir old dost?' (that's
the ldm, but not' the words.)
Everybody knows that tbrre's no
such ining as science of medicine.
,i be whole thing is a study of the
humau body, its functions and its
ailments experimental, pure aud
simple, new discoveries every day.
Hence, a medical book of a decade
ago is out of date the newest and
latest is always the best.
"The science of the law is just
the opposite it is a scit nee of pre
cedents. All human government
is ba6ed upon law, and freedom set
tles slow ly do n from precedent to
precedent. Ibe law of today thai
is of any account, is of an exceed
ingly slow growth, the seed mav
have been planted a thousand years
ago at IJnnnymede, and if a lawytr
uoesn t 'waste euuie time over the
black letter book,' he will never be
a learned lawyei; he may know that
'thus the la j8 written,' but he
will never know why it is so written
and he will never understand its
reason and philosophy.
The lawyer also said that Judge
Clark had formed an opinion about
the great chaiter, wholly different
fiom that of the balance of the
world. "Is it possible," said he,
"that all history is mistaken about
those brave men who forced the
charter of English liberty from
King John KacAulay prais d them
because they didn'c say "we, the
great Barons" shall do so and so
or shall not suffer this or that
but they said "nullus liber homo"
no fie man shall be despoiled.
It is a bold undertaking, and late in
the day, even forjudge Claik to
tackle magna charts. What did
Jefferson mean by uttering in the
declaration of independence that
"all oieu were created free and
equal?" Whs he alluding to the
luO negro slaves on bis plantation,
or did he mean white menr
There was oue question our legal
friend said he could answer with
his eyes shut, viz: Under what cir
cumstances can a plaintiff recover
for mental anguish in Iorth Caio
lina? Antwei "When the Western
Union Telegraph Compnny is the
"The chief justice is a great man
in many respects he himself has
thi broad culture derived from the
study of 'black U tter loie,'and near.
ly every thing else, and he ehould
have given the class better advice."
This is the substance of what the
'awyer said. Maybe the lawyer was
The way to get rid of a cold, whether it
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