North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
A.-hebura, X. C, February 22, V.li
Telephone No. 5
LOCAL AND PEUciONAL
Washington's birthday today, Febre
Mr. Clyde Cox returned to hia home
Monday from the Asheboro Hospital,
where he had a slight operation ten
days ago. He has been improving rap
idly ever since.
Mr. L. D. Bulla returned Monday
from Montrose, where he went to ac
company Mrs. Bulla to the Sanatarium
Mrs. Peter Vuncannon, of Star, is
the guest of her daughter, Mrs. Eli
Pritchard, in North Asheboro.
Mr. Millard H. Allred, who is with
the Southern Railway with headquar
ters at Greensboro, has been at home
for the past few days.
Mr. liaymond Ingram has recently
purchased from Miss Luzena Presnel'l
a house and lot in North Asheboro.
Mr. L. D. Demarcus has been living in
Miss Mamie Thomas, who has been
visiting her grandparents, returned
Mr. A. M. Kerree returned Sunday
from the western markets where lie
wont to buy a ar load of horses and
mules Mr. F.i roe is advertising his
stock elsewhere in The Courier.
Mr. S. W. Prcsnell, after having
been wost for tt-n days, where he has
been purchasing horses anil mules, re
Mrs. Thomas Allred, who is in the
Hich Point Hospital for treatment, is
Mrs. Minnie Caudle was in Asheboro
the latter part of last week, a visitor
at Mrs. 1.. 1 1. Bulla's.
Mr. A. II. Winningham spent last
Wednesday in Randlcman on business.
In this w eek's issue of The Coui ier
we publish an article bv civil engineer
II. 1.. Morrison, of the Texas A. & M.
College, on the construction of earth
roads. This article embraces the con
struction of all kinds of roads, sand
clay, gravel and top soil. All road
supervisors, every road hand, and, in
fact, everyone should read this splen
did article, not only once but repeat
ed! v. Next week I he Courier will
publish another article by this same
eminent engineer on r.artn and l.rav
e! lioail Maintenance." These two at
titles practically form a text book, and
no more valuable information, in our
opinion, could possibly be contained
in less space. By reading and study
ing these two articles a man of ordi
nary common sense can learn to con
struct all kinds of earth roads.
Janus T. Wood went to Baltimore
Ia.-t week to buy his spring and sum
mer stock of clothing.
Minerva Coble, wife of Israel Co
ble, of nion township, gave birth last j minister.
. ; i iiinL
r .1. i:.
ek u; i
ham, of Iivensb
visitors at Trov.
Physicians in Thirr.asville township,
Davidson county, working in conjunc
tion with Dr. K. F. Long, county hcaltn
officer, have been investigating the
prevalence of tropical form of dysen
tery reported from that community.
It is thought now that as many as
ten deaths in recent months may be
traced directly to this disease. Fol
lowing the Spanish-American war
many people in Davidson county died
from the disease, brought back from
the tropics by returning soldiers. It
is said to be communicable in the
same manner as typhoid fever.
Mr. Harris Birkhead has accepted a
position with the Southern railway
Mrs. Cone Ridge was called to Wal
nut Cove the latter part of last week
on account of the illness of her moth
er. Mr. Ridge went up for Sunday.
Miss Coy Birkhead was the guest
of Miss Sarah Wood, of Randleman,
Saturday and Sunday.
Miss Liilian Bunch has opened
rooms in Ramsey, Bowles, Morrison
Co., store, at Statesville, where she
will engage in dressmaking and de
signing. The people of Statesville are
fortunate in having Miss Bunch locate
Mrs. R. L. Welch, of Ore Hill Route
2, is visiting her sisters, the Misses
Johnson, of Randleman.
Miss Cora Johnson, of Charlotte,
who has been visiting her sister Mrs.
R. I.. Welch, of Ore Hill, is now spend
ing a few days in Randlcman before
returning to Charlotte.
Miss Senith Johnson, who is teach
ing at Flint Hill spent the week end
in Randleman with home people.
The names of Frank McCrary of
the fourth gado and William Under
wood of the sixth grade through mis
take were not given the Courier in
the last honor roll and should have
Mr. and Mrs. Thad S. Free have
recently moved from Kemps Mills to
the John R. Free place at Randleman
Route 3. Mr. and Mrs. Free were in
Asheboro yesterday on business.
Messrs. John and Fred Plummer re
turned to High Point yesterday after
having attended the funeral of Mr.
Messrs. J. P. and Farle Boroughs,
of Kemps Miiis were business visitors
in Asheboro yesterday.
Mr. William I'lummer, of Greens
boro, attended the funeral of Mr. Peter
Vuncannon in Asheb ro Monday.
nu I..,. ..( A I-.. Yl'i'ottmnn ' . . "
iim itm.uii.-. wi , Coleridge were
uearne m uoen uuuunn ....
Mr. G. T. Cochran, of Th. masvii,
was registered at the Central Hotel
Monday and Ti'c-'day of this week.
Mr. Cochran was in Asheboro on busi
ness. Mrs. W. F. Cross, of East Asheboro,
is undergoing treatment at the Ashe
Misses Lena and I.aura Freeman, of
Seagrove, were in Asheboro Saturday
having some dentistry, done.
Mr. Peter Vrr.ranami,
Anv.iors the Call
an U'cd ( iticn
,Mr. 1'ef r Yumannon dad S
at !is home in star Sunday
om.niiioii was reading a pap -i- h ;
he got up to put a stick ..'' u,i ,n
: the tire and as he stoo- .; he fell over
'lead. Although I, treble health the
deceased seemed to be stronger for the
past few weeks. He was truly a splen
itis! Christian gentleman, manifesting
Mr. E. C. Shaw is building a five Ins patience, uprightness, honesty ami
room cottage on the lot known as the integrity in the daily walks of life.
Eunice Smith place on Cox street, He had more than reached his three
which he purchased some time ago. , score and ten years, having past hfs
Mr. Caswell Hancock, of Richland eightieth milestone several months
township, was in Asheboro yesterday ( ko. He was married about sixty
paying his tax, and attending to other years ago to Miss Ann Plummer,
jusiness. i daughter of the late John Plummer,
Among those who answered the'vho suves him. To them six chil
puzzle this week were Hal Rich, Lin- lren ,WPn? born .f w,hom. ar! liv"
nie Birkhead, Homer Hamilton, all of Mdames El i Pritchard, Ashe
Asheboro. Puzzle No. 11 is a goose. 'i".1 (Thai;- Lut'k. Seagrove Route 2;
Mr. Lester Moffitt and sister Miss Ad.lie Tucker Seagrove; Robert Da
Cleota returned Monday from Reins-jvis' Mal' "n(i tw? f"ns' M. K V un"
ville where they attended the wedding nno"; ?'ar: aml chas- uncannon,
f o ft-;,! i High Point.
Mr. Reece Harry, travelling repre
sentative for Swift and Co., was in
Mr. Byron Richardson who has a po-
Asheboro last week with home folks. uncannon who went to Missouri and
Mr. Beverage and June Frazier leftj :t ls not known whether he survives
last week in a Ford car going to Char- ',"'"" Ml'' X uncannon lived in Uan
lotte and on into South Carolina. I '.!;,1,,h ,h? Ktf' P"'t of his lite.
Thev have written thev have had some I "" "'"'f.,1 a. number of years m tao
trouble getting over "the roads. j :au' l.'moss tor the late J. M.
MiM iimps V. R. Mornir and S. 15. . : V : I""1' 1,1 "'"""'I'"'
For Sale Entire Road Buiiuiiig Quuk
I Will Sell on Monday, March 5, 1917, at 11:00 A. M.
On Court House Square in Asheboro, N. C.
These mules are from 5 to 7 years old. They are right out
of work, bit have been well cared for and are in first class
condition and are thoroughly acclimated and are ready for
any kind of work.
Will also sell eight sets of double harness, two two-horse
wagons, nearly new, and three whet lers, all in good condi
tion. H. H. KENNEDY, Asheboro, N. C.
February 13, 1917.
We will have a car of Kansas mules
in Asheboro Thursday or Friday.
We have 25 mules coming in this
car, and one horse. We have six
Mr. Vuncannon was one of ten chil
dren of Peter Vuncannon who lived'
three miles from Star. One brother I
survives, Henry Vuncannon, of High I . t i I , . ,,r , ,
point. Thev had a brother. Jacob mules and three horses on hand. We also have seme
pood block mules, ages 3 to 7, in this load. Come to
see us before you buy.
Point guests of Mrs. F. E. Kephart.
Miss ancy White has accepted a
position in Wood and Moring's store
as sales lady.
Mrs. Jonathan Steed who has been
indisposed for some time is not so
well this week.
Mrs. Jicy Lewis who has been vis
iting her daughter Mis. Kowland in
Norfolk. Va expects to return Lome
Mr. T. C. Russell, of Fartmr, was a
business visitor in Asheboro yesterday.
Mrs. J B. Shamhurger, of Star was
was in Asheboro having some di nt-
lstiv dor.e Mondav.
nnon moved to Mar about '
s ago. He was active and
methodical and consecrated,
us he did much time in
;hoiit!h! to the work of the cluncS.
iiis great ambition a!''.'i living to rear
i.i family was to aid in extending the
the M.tii'idist Protestant church of
..hich lie had for more than l';!'ty yeais
been a cin.-i:-ter.t member. He had
taken much interest in the ii;..-i- or a
clv.nvii to In- erected at Star and x-pre.-.-e.i
a wi.-h to have an interest in
a lai-je number of churches. About
t .'.ii yi vis ago Mr. Vuncannon w rote
some directions conce rning his funeral
ami burial which were read by li v.
pastor of Why Not circuit
:i-Tal which on account of
Miss l.ela Havworth returned to rtl"llla.
v), . -.,ii...o M'n.wi.,.- u-lmi.n lin w at the 1
i. -..u..i m; 1 ii.,,''.i.M, -.i,nllfil rainv weather .was conducted at the
home on account of the illness of her
nephew Maxton Hay worth.
Miss Frances Hannah who suspend
ed her school at Shady dove on ac
count of measules returned last Sat
urday. The school re-opened Mon
day. MiiS Lena Cole was a week end
visitor at her home at Seagrove.
lir. and Mrs. C A. Havworth, ot
last week to hldorado in .Mon gom- g t mm.h tjmfi ,1(,,.p jn tho Uv
ery county where interment followed ' (,,s aUPnd:ng little Maxton Hay
.MIS. nearnp was uie luionnn-i i
J. L. Dennis, a Methodist Episcopal
Mr. and Mrs. Hearno
week to triplets, mere were eigni in ink m i .. ...v
children in the family before the ar- Hearne died. .
rival of the triplets. Mrs. J. C. Hannah was notd ed last
Mr. FM Tucker, of Seagrove Koute we.eK oi me ucawi u i.ri , .c
'?.. w:is .n husiness visitor in Asnenoro i. . riuun. ui ........
Saturday. Mr. Tucker is always a
welcome visitor at The Courier ollice.
Mr. Newton Allen, cf Seagrove,
Route 2, suffered a stroke of paralysis
on day last week. Mr. Alien was out
utting wood and did not return to
dinner as he expected to do, his fam
ily became alarmed and went to Iook
for him and found him lying in an un
conscious condition. Mr. Alien Im
Mrs. S. A. Cox, of Pisgah, was tn
Asheboro the latter part of the week.
Mrs. Cox was accoriipanied by MIs
Marv Wade Bulla who teaches near
Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Uoss, Messrs. E.
H. and Eugene Morris returned u
day from Washington and Baltimore
where they went for a few days the
latter part of last week.
Mrs. W. A. Underwood went to Ual
eigh Saturday where she met bet hus
band and they together spent the wcck
end with Col. V. P. Wood.
Mr. G. Elwood Stanton, of randle
man Route 1, was in Asheboro Satur
day on business. Mr. Stanton says
the farmers in his section are blue
over the wheat crop. Much of it has
been killed bv the cold W athcr
Mr. Clifton Whitaker. a student of
Oak Hi. lee Institute, was a tick end
visitor with home folks.
Mr.--. W. ... White and little daugh
ter Margaret Louise have been visit
ing relatives in High Point lor tin
iiast few days.
Mr. H. M. Trogdon, of Seagrove
Koute -. was in Asheboro the latter
part of ia.-t week.
Mr. '.el! Brown returned last w.-i-k
from South Carolina where he has
been v tii horses and mules.
Vir,:7.!. No. 10 had a number of
answers. Some said the 'bird was an
eagle, others that it was a parrot. An
ag!e was right. Among the pcrs-.ms
who gue.-sul were Miss Gladys Cor
iielison, of Asheboro Koute 1; Fritz
Parrish, of Hills Store; Maie Davis,
of Thomasville; DeI.eon Caudle, of
Kandlcman; Moody Hamilton, Hal
Kich and l.innie Birkhead, of Ashe
boro. (Left out last week by mis
take.) , m
Misses Claire Horne and Temper
ance Aveock were in Asheboro Satur
day on 'their way to Troy where they
went to visit Mrs. C. V. Armstrong.
The young ladies arc students at C
Mr. X. M. Burgess, of Kamseur
Koute 1, was in Asheboro Saturday
The Blue Bird tea room opened un
der the auspices of the Philuthea class
M. P. Sunday school, last week has
proven to be a very popular piace,
It is open on Wednesday and Satur-
rlnv of each week.
Mrs. L. D. Bulla left Saturday for
Montrose where she went for treat
mu Mavme P.oren. of Greensboro
was the week end guest of Miss Annte
Miss Annie Fox left yesterday for
Charlotte where she goes to accept
a nnsition in a millinery establish
Mr. O. V. Woosley, superintendent
of the Lexington graded schools, nas
recently reported that the school build
ing is so crowded that the work of the
school is badly hampered. He rec
ommends a bond issue for a new build
ing, since the present school building
has had many additions as is practic
was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E.
worth who, has been very ill
Mrs. Jennie Kearns. of Mt. Gilead.
was in Asheboro the first of the week
on her way to Hills Store where she
will visit her son Mr Clarence Kearns.
Mrs. Kearns was the guest of Mrs. J.
I. Johnson while in Asheboro.
Mrs. Arthur Harrison returned to
nl. T.m,.1u.. uftor :iumlinv
A. Kussell, of Troy. They lived m Sw,.XY with' her husband at the Cen
Asheboro a number of years ago, and .ra Hgtej
many Asheboro people will remember Among the Asheboro people who
Mrs. Hulin. She leaves a husband attenlefi the Guilford-A. and M. Col
und five small children. juntA ...PPP Mrs Vircil Presnll.
Sons .,? au ll,:i!:u ME v r
Mr. Chas. Vuncannon with h
and daughters also Mr. Henry Vuncan
non, of High Point, attended the fu
neral of Mr. Peter Vuncannon Mon
day. Mr. J. F. Smith, of Asheboro Koute
1, is moving his family to Star this
Mac Kiilge returned to High Point
th? latter part of last week after hav
ing spent several days at home on
account of illness.
Mr. W. B. Lassiter who has been
ill at his home for the past three
weeks is improving.
Mrs. John T. Moffitt was host ss
to the Randolph Chapter U. D. C.
yesterday at her home on Sunset ave
nue. Mr. Orastus Johnson, of Kandlcman
Route 1, was a visitor in Asheboro last
Friday. Mr. Johnson did not announce
the nature of his business but his mar
riage on Sunday to Miss Mary John
son, daughter of the late John John
son, divulged the business in Ashe
boro. Mr. Johnson told of i"i I'nir ual
occurrence which happewd a few
years ago when he was in a Jack
sonville, Florida, hotel. There were
thirteen men in the lobby and .n tak
ing a list of the names it was feun 1
that twelve of them bore the name of
Miss Frances Wicker was the week
end guest of her sister Mrs. D. B.
Iv.ntr, of Sanford.
Mr. and Mrs. M. U. Allr. d left Tues
day for Baltimore where Mrs. A'irnl
went to urebase millinery for her
The Courier is in receipt of n ws
this week that which is not accompa
niod with a name. We must
insist that name accompany article,
Your name will not be used if you
prefer it withheld.
It is against our rules to publish
article without name of person send
The Woman's Missionary Society
of the M. E. church met with Mrs. J
D. Ross Tuesday.
R. G. Boggs, Junior, a Democrat
arrived at the home of his parents
Mr. and Mrs. K. G. Boggs Saturday.
Messrs. Britt Armfield, Arthur
Birkhead, Roy Berry and Dr. J. G
Crutchfield attended the debate In
Greensboro between Guilford College
and A. and M. College on the query
Resolved that the government should
own and operate railroads. Guilford
took the negative and won. The
judges were Judge Bynum, A. L,
Brooks and G. S. Bradshaw, of Greensboro.
At a meeting of the Chautauqua
guarantor- Monday Mr. L. L. Mount
was re-eiected chairman: Mr. T. F.
Bulla was elected secretary and Mr,
J. D. Ross treasurer.
Mrs. H. B. Hiatt, who has been in
Baltimore for some time since her re
turn from El Paso, where she spent
the winter with Dr. Hiatt, who is with
the field hospital corps, has return
ed to High Toint and has with her
her mother, Mrs. George Washington
Sndtler, who will spend several months
Mr. and Mrs. G. H. king have mov
ed into their bungalow on Sunset ave
iiience of Mr. W. F. Redding in
Asheboro. instead of at Charlotte
church as was planned. Rev. C. I..
Whitaker. pastor of the Asheboro M.
P. church assi.stcd in conducting the
services. His words of faith in G ni.
(.insolation and advice to his family
Mid friends were but emblems of the
noble life he has lived. Mr. Vuncannon
expressed gratitude for his long life
Asheboro Sunday ''V . , ve"rt'1 ":iX not aec. m-
Dr Havworth has pusneu more: nis wisn was unit nis
ast two 'relatives and liienus wouid smve to
ioiiow tne meoK and lowiy jesus ami
that their faith would grow stronger
Mr. Vuneamvm's body was laid to
rest at Charlotte church. His sister
Mary Vuncannon was buried there 44
yars ago, this being the first grave
in the cemetery. The funeral was at
tended by the widow, sons and daugh
ters and grandchildren., Mr. Henry
Vuncannon, of High Point, a brother
and Mr. William Plummer, of Greens
boro, brother of Mrs. Vuncannon. The
long useful life of Mr. Vuncannon
leaves a memory in the minds of all
who knew him, of a man who loved and
feared God and of one who was a
friend to man.
Bverlv and J. A. Kent
Miss Clara Pugh who has been
visiting her sister Mrs. K. U. Williard,
at Carthage returned home Saturday.
Col. and Mrs. J. E. Walker are vis
iting relatives in Randleman this
Mrs. Chas. L. Cranford returned
Sunday from High Point where she un
derwent a slight operation at the
High Point Hospital. Mrs. Cmnford
is much improved. ,
Miss Kelsie Coltrane was the week
end guest of her parents Mr. and Mrs.
K. G. Coltrane, of Randleman Koute 1.
Master Maxton Hayworth contin
ues seriously ill at the home cf his
parents Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Hay
worth. His recovery is very doubtful.
IMPORTANT ANNOI NCEM EXT
Owing to the high cost of news
print paper, and everything else
that goes into the making of a
newspaper. The Courier is forced
to increase the subscription price,
cl'.'ective on and after Aprii 1.
1 1 7. Subscriptions will be re
ceived, both new and old, for
one year at the old price lip to
The Courier's price after April
1st, ill be one year SI.. 10,
months 7"-, 4 months .10. cash
Every newspaper, that is be
ing conducted in the int 'rest of
the people and is supported by
its subscript ion W-t and advertis
ing patronage, is confronting a
serious condition unless careful
business methods are adopted.
Until a year ago news print could
be bought for 2c; today it is sell
ing at more than 7e a pound, an
increase of from three hundred to
live hundred per cent.
We shall use every effort to
publish a newspaper that will fill
the local need and worth more to
our readers than the small price
of $ 1 ..ri0 per year.
Call to see us when you come
At a regular meeting of the board
of directors of The Bank of Randolph
held February tilth, 1!17, a special
meeting of the share holders was call
ed to meet in the office of the Bank at
'2 p. m. Friday, March 2nd. 1!'17, to
consider amending the charter of said
This Febniarv 20th 1917.
W. J. ARMFIELD, Jr., Cashier.
Mrs. T. H. Redding Hostess at Ran
dolph Club Meeting
Mrs. T. H. Redding was iiostess on
last Friday to the members of the
Randolph Book Club and several in
vited guests. The program was of
peculiar interest in that it dwelt with
Switzerland, her beautiful scenery,
historical spots and of citizen soldiers.
"Switzt rlan.l of the Traveller-' was
read by .Mrs. Stedman: Switzerland,
the Historic, and a nation of ctiz-'ii
soldiers, by Mrs. J. O. Redding, from
Bay View Magazine. Particularly in
teresting was the music rendered bv
Misses l.illie lVrrish. Adelaide Arm
lield and Virginia Redding. l!'o k
cream and cake, salted peanuts i nd
mints were served bv the host ss. as
sisted by Misses Ad"laidc
Etta Roid Wood. Virginia
and Master Hemv Redding
A iwv .1.
Heart Disease Can be Controlled
Heart disease is largely preventa
ble and can bo controlled is the belief
of the Association for the Prevention
and Relief of Heart Disease.
According to an investigation,
considerable portion of the cases of
heart disease should be considered
One of the most important relict
measures discovered ior crinpico
hearts was vocational training in suit
able trades. It was found that un
der proper supervision and control
that those in such a precarious state
of health could not only work and earn
waces without injury to their hearts,
but that it was of benefit to them.
The Christian Endeavor of the
Friends church meets every Sunday
evening at 6:15.
' Preaching at 11 a. m. and 7 p.m.
except the 2nd and 4th Sunday at 11
a. m. The public is cordially invited
to these services.
A meeting of the Civic Department
of the Woman's Club w i'l be In id at
Mrs. Moring's at ".'"0 Friday after
noon, Feb. 2'rd. The whole club is
expected to attend. la t there be no
mistake. Anyone interested in the
club is interested in things prctain
ing to town betterment, and a good
attendance is earnestly desired. Bring
a new member if possible.
Will each member look over her
yard and see what she can spare for
a neighbor? We would like to have
a list of shrubs, bulbs or plants of
any kind that later can be distributed.
Clean Up Day
In keeping with the custom for
many years Asheboro should have a
clean up day, but it should be earlier
in the spring than heretofore. More
than one day should be devoted to the
There is much of value to a com
munity in having a genuine clean-up.
After the clean-up should come the
whitewash and finish. The planting
of trees and flowers and shrubbery
and the cleaning up and renovation
of the entire premises means much,
tor every clean up campaign means a
campaign for health.
Neatness and attractiveness are.
valuable assets in any community. !
A clean up means the removal of,
trash and refuse. It is a campaign,
that beautifies any community greatly. ;
C ASTO R I A
Presnell & Brown
Asheboro, N. C.
When you spend your mon
ey you want full value for
every cent. We know this
and have purchased our
stock of clothing, shoes,
dry goods, furnishings,
etc., with this in view. The
more you know of the val
ue of our goods the better
they please you. Come in
and look them over.
"If It's Correct We Have It."
D. A. Cornelison
Seagrove, N. C.
I 3 H
Hi THE UN IVERSA T. C AR j
I 320'817 !j
I ill Have been buiit and nit".:i!!y , :,, to rclai! buvirs il
I Pi since ... I 1. IHill.
fc'l 'I'L. so lii-ui'is -;;:;:! llV the a. tual ivimber of liHH
Sillee AlifcU.-l 1 .
Tli. so ligui'i s - ;
liv. red by our
This ti nii.-n.'.l
makes It noce.
s7 , , hl the actual lViinbe
ir.'.l by u .-i.v August 1st. l'.iu:. and il-
gems t'. ! tail bi; cr.-.
lull and v. int. r iii maud for lord cars
.-.iry far n.- to coiii ne tiie distribution of
tlio:.' agents who Lave orders for imme
diate del, vi ry to v tail custom, i s, rather than to peimit
any agent to stock cars in anticipation of inter spring
We are issuing this notice to intending buyers that they
may protect themselves against delay or disappointment
in securing .Kord cars. If, therefore, you are planning to
purchase a Ford car, we advise you to place your order
and take delivery now.
Immediate orders will have prompt attention.
Delay in buying at this time may cause you to wait sev
Knter your order today for immediate delivery with our
authorized Ford agent listed below and don't be disap
points later on.
PRICES Runabout. $315; Touring Car, $3(50; Coupelet,
$503; Town Car, $593; Sedan, $H43, f. o. b. Detroit.
Ford Motor Company
Asheboro Motor Car Co., Agents.
SOME ONE HAS SAID that the best way to re
duce the high cost of living is to raise vegetables.
D. M. Ferry's Seeds of all kinds have arrived and I
take pleasure in recommending them. Call and get
your seeds before they are picked over.